1 Kings Commentaries

Wisdom of God was in Solomon 1 Ki 3:16-27, 28

Chart from recommended resource Jensen's Survey of the OT - used by permission
1 Kings Chart from Charles Swindoll

1 Kings Commentary, Sermon, Illustration, Devotional









1 Samuel 2 Samuel 1 Kings 1 Kings 2 Kings


1-4 5-10 11-20 21-24 1-11 12-22 1-17 18-25

1 Chronicles 10





Legend: B.C. dates at top of timeline are approximate. Note that 931BC marks the division of the Kingdom into Southern Tribes (Judah and Benjamin) and Ten Northern Tribes. To avoid confusion be aware that after the division of the Kingdom in 931BC, the Southern Kingdom is most often designated in Scripture as "Judah" and the Northern Kingdom as "Israel." Finally, note that 1Chronicles 1-9 is not identified on the timeline because these chapters are records of genealogy.


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Comparison of 1 Samuel thru 2 Chronicles


Kings of Israel
Click to enlarge

1 Chronicles covers the same period of time as 2 Samuel and both describe the reign of David (See the Timeline above) whereas 2 Chronicles covers the same period of time as 1 Kings and 2 Kings and both describe the time from Solomon to the Babylonian Captivity. In Chronicles the kings of Israel (See table below where Jeroboam I identifies first of the kings of the 10 Northern tribes) are not mentioned unless they do something that relates to the kings of Judah. Note that the word "chronicle" means "a continuous and detailed account of historical events arranged in order of time." In First and Second Chronicles God has given us a very accurate history so that we can know all that He wants us to know about the period of the kings.

Prophetic Perspective:
Message of Judgment
Priestly Perspective:
Message of hope
Prophetic authorship:
Emphasizes the prophetic ministry
and moral concerns
Priestly authorship:
Emphasizes the priestly ministry
and spiritual concerns
The Fortunes
of the Thrones
of the Davidic line
More Negative:
Rebellion & Tragedy
More Positive:
Apostasy, but hope in face of tragedy
Record of both
Israel and Judah
Record primarily
of Judah
Man's Failings God's Faithfulness
Morality Redemption
Emphasizes the throne
of earthly kings
Earthly throne (temple)
of the heavenly King
Emphasizes Kings
and Prophets
Emphasizes the Temple
and the Priests
and kingly
and priestly
Compiled by authors
soon after the events
Compiled by by a priest:
Ezra many years after the events
Written shortly after the
beginning of the captivity in Babylon
Written shortly after
the return from the captivity

Adapted Wilkinson's Talk thru the Bible & Jensen's Survey of the OT


Christ in the Historical Books

4. The Six Books of the Kings: [1&2 Samuel; 1&2Kings; 1&2Chronicles]

In the Hebrew, these six books are only three, each pair forming but one book.

Samuel and Kings form a consecutive history. The Key-note of both is Kingdom.

Chronicles is the story of 2Samuel and 1 & 2 Kings told over again from a different standpoint. Its Key-note is Theocracy. It deals only with the Kingdom of Judah, and relates to the history as it touches the Temple and the worship of God. It was possibly written by Ezra.

The special privilege of the Children of Israel was to have God for their King, and to be chosen by Him to be a peculiar people unto Himself, to show forth His praise in the world.

During the period of the Judges, Israel had rejected God from being their King. This rejection reached a climax in Samuel's day, when ''they asked for a King like all the nations'' [1Sam 8:5,19,20]. When God's children are afraid of being different from the world around them, they lose their power of testimony for Him.

God gave them Saul-- a King after their own heart.

When Saul broke God's covenant through disobedience, God gave them David-- ''a King after His own heart'' [1Sam 13:13,14].

David was a type of the one perfect King. Solomon, likewise, was a type of Him. But after Solomon, God's power departed from the kings and became vested in the prophets. Elijah sent word to Ahab, ''Behold, Elijah is here! And Ahab went to meet Elijah'' [1Kings 18:8,16] As [D.L.] Moody said, ''Who was king now?'' Moses was a prophet. Samuel was a prophet, as well as being the last of the Judges, and also priest. But the great line of prophets began with Elijah, and they represented God to His people through all the years of the decline and fall of the monarchy.

III. Christ in the Historical Books

7. 1Kings --

We need the magnificent reign of Solomon, the Prince of Peace, to complete the picture of Christ our King. The Lord said to David: ''Behold, a son shall be born to thee, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies round about; for his name shall be Peaceable, and I will give peace and quietness in Israel all his days.'' Solomon's peaceable kingdom was the result of the victories David had obtained. [Likewise,] it is because Christ has fought and conquered our enemies that we can enjoy the peace of His glorious reign in our hearts. The Kingdom of God is ''righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost'' (1Chron 22:9, margin; Rom 14:17).

The Temple. [1Kings ch. 5 - 8]

The glory of Solomon's reign was the building of the Temple. He seems to have been raised up specially for this purpose, for David says: ''He hath chosen Solomon my son to sit upon the throne of the kingdom of the Lord over Israel. And He said unto me, Solomon thy son, he shall build My house and My courts… Take heed now, for the Lord hath chosen thee to build an house for the sanctuary: be strong, and do it'' (1Chr 28:5-10). But for the account of the Temple, we will wait till we come to the Book of Chronicles.

''Solomon in All his Glory.'' [cp. Mat 6:28,29]

The wisdom of Solomon is a foreshadowing of the wisdom of Christ, in ''whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge'' [Col 2:3].

Psalm 72 is a ''Psalm for Solomon.'' It describes the glory of his kingdom, but it finds its perfect fulfillment only in the reign of One greater than Solomon, who shall indeed one day ''have dominion from sea to sea, and from the river unto the ends of the earth.'' But though the millenial fulfilment of this Psalm is yet to come, it has a fulfilment already in those hearts where the King is reigning in righteousness. Solomon said to Hiram, King of Tyre, ''The Lord my God hath given me rest on every side, so that there is neither adversary nor evil occurrent'' (1King 5:4). The magnificence of his kingdom is described in 1Kings 4:21-34: ''And Solomon reigned over all the kingdoms, from the river unto the land of the Philistines, and unto the border of Egypt: they brought presents, and served Solomon all the days of his life… And he had peace on all sides round about him. And Judah and Israel dwelt safely, every man under his vine and under his fig tree.''

The Queen of Sheba. [1Kings 10:1-13; 2Chr 9:1-12]

Our Lord Himself draws the contrast between the Queen of Sheba, who ''came from the uttermost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon,'' and the men of His generation, who were so indifferent though ''a Greater than Solomon'' was among them [Mat 12:42]. Following the same line of thought, the visit of the Queen is a beautiful picture of a soul coming to the Saviour and finding full satisfaction in Him. (Ed: See caveats regarding Typology - Study of Biblical types)

She came from afar off, and we ''who sometimes were afar off are made nigh by the blood of Christ.'' [Eph 2:13]

She brought all her hard questions to Solomon, and communed with him of all that was in her heart. We may bring all our difficulties to the Lord, and we shall find, as she did, that ''there is not anything hid from the King'' which He cannot solve for us. We, too, shall find that He is ''made unto us wisdom'' [1Cor 1:30].

And when she had seen all his wisdom, and riches, and the appointments of his kingdom, and his marvellous buildings, there was no more spirit in her. And she said: ''It was a true report that I heard in mine own land of thy acts, and of thy wisdom. Howbeit I believed not the words, until I came, and mine eyes had seen it; and, behold, the half was not told me: thy wisdom and prosperity exceedeth the fame that I heard. Happy are thy men, happy are these thy servants, which stand continually before thee, and that hear thy wisdom. Blessed be the Lord thy God, which delighted in thee, to set thee on the throne of Israel: because the Lord loved Israel for ever, therefore made He thee king, to do judgment and justice'' (1Kin 10:6-9). [cp. 1Cor 2:9; 1Joh 3:2]

The Kingdom Divided. [1Kings 12 and onward]

Then follows the history of the divided kingdom-- a picture of the divided heart and of the impossibility of serving two masters. The kings of Israel [the northern kingdom] followed the example of ''Jeroboam, the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin,'' by setting up the worship of the golden calves, and all their kings were given to idolatry. The history of the Kingdom of Israel is an almost unbroken story of wickedness, king after king coming to the throne through the murder of his predecessor.

2Kings 17 gives us the account of the Captivity of Israel, and goes fully into the reason of this punishment. They had descended to the very level of the nations whom God had [commanded] His people [to] drive out of the land-- exactly what He had predicted, as the result of their disobedience, had come to pass. They forsook the Lord, and served the gods of the heathen, and walked in their ways, and wrought according to their wickedness, and therefore God permitted the King of Assyria to carry Israel away captive into Assyria, according to His warning, given by Moses in Deu 29:24-28. ''And the Lord rejected all the seed of Israel, and afflicted them, and delivered them into the hand of spoilers, until He had cast them out of His sight'' (2Kin 17:20).

The Prophets.

Long before the outward semblance of royalty had disappeared, God had transferred the power from the kings to the prophets. Out of the darkness of this evil time, two figures stand forth as His witnesses, showing us that through all the failure, God was quietly working onwards towards His eternal Kingdom of Righteousness.

Elijah and Elisha, in the contrast of their characters and of their mission, remind us of John the Baptist and of our Saviour. Our Lord Himself referred to John the Baptist as fulfilling the prophecy that Elijah must first come before the coming of the Son of Man. ''Elias verily has come,'' He said [Mat 17:10-13]. Elijah the rugged prophet of the wilderness, clad in his mantle and leathern girdle-- the ordinary dress of the Fellaheen [sic.], which every prophet wore-- suddenly bursts upon the scene in the court of Ahab, and pronounces the judgment of the Lord. ''As the Lord liveth, before whom I stand, there shall not be night-mist, nor rain these years, but according to my word'' [1Kin 17]. [Note: ''The matar or 'rain' falls at all hours during the winter, while the tal or 'night-mist' falls in the night in summer and autumn.'' (Rev. J. Neil)]. The secret of his power lay in those few words ''before whom I stand.'' He knew what it was to have power with God, and therefore, he had power with man. He reminds us of John, clad in the same manner, at the court of Herod, denouncing, as fearlessly, the sins of that king [Mar 6:17,18].

On Mount Carmel [1Kin 18], it was ''at the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice'' that God sent the fire from heaven. We have several instances of deliverance coming at the time of the morning or evening sacrifice, reminding us of the power of the Cross which those sacrifices foreshadowed.

The Forerunner.

When God was about to send the rain in answer to Elijah's prayer, Elijah sent Ahab the message, ''Prepare thy chariot, and get thee down, that the rain stop thee not.'' [1Kin 18:44]. And then it appears that Elijah acted the part of sais to Ahab. The modern sais of Egypt is the ''runner'' attached to the household of kings and nobles. The same custom was in vogue in Israel, for Samuel warned the people that the king they so eagerly desired would exact this oppressive custom of his subjects: ''He will take your sons, and appoint them for himself, for his chariots, and to be his horsemen; and some shall run before his chariots'' [1Sam 8:11]. ''These facts lend great force to the act of Elijah, who, in an ecstasy of joy and zeal at the triumph of Jehovah, and desirous to 'honour the King' who for a brief moment had honoured God, when the hand of the Lord came upon him, girded up his loins, and ran before Ahab to the entrance of Jezreel-- that is, for a distance of some twenty miles or more across the plain of Esdraelon the man of God acted as the sais or runner of the King, clearing the way for his chariot and announcing his arrival!'' [Palestine Explored, Rev. J. Neil]. Does not this office of outrunner explain the figure of Hebrews 6:20: ''whither Jesus entered for us as a forerunner''? He who, in His condescension, has said that in heaven ''He will gird Himself and make (His people) sit down to meat, and will come forth and serve them,'' is pictured here as having entered only a brief moment earlier to announce their arrival and to be prepared to receive them there [Luke 12:37].

Elisha. [His call is recorded in 1Kings 19.]

Elisha's was a ministry of blessing and healing. In this he was a type of Christ. We have, moreover, in the life and miracles of Elisha a series of most beautiful lessons on Christian life and service. ''Ploughing one day with his father's oxen and servants, in the open country, he saw the outlawed prophet of Gilead coming towards him. Passing by, he cast his mantle upon him. Elisha knew what the sign meant. He was a wealthy man. The call was to follow Elijah as a servant, pour water on his hands, perhaps to die with him. There was no time to think, the decision had to be made in a moment. The call of God in his heart was at once responded to. Obtaining leave to say farewell to his parents, he kills the oxen, smashes up the implements, and shows to all his companions that he has no more to do with his former life. God is calling each one of us, let us follow at whatever cost'' (W.H. Wilson).



The books of Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles present the history of the Kingdom of Israel. The first four give it from a human standpoint, and in Chronicles, it is seen from God's viewpoint.

The time covered by 1Kings is about 120 years. The book begins with the death of David and closes with the death of Ahab. One Bible scholar has said, ''During this time the nation passes from affluence and influence to poverty and paralysis.'' The tragic note sounded in 1Kings 11:1 marks a turning point in Israel's history. ''But King Solomon loved many foreign women… '' As a result, the flesh prevailed over the Spirit. We therefore read these sad words in 1Kings 11:4, ''When Solomon was old, … his wives turned away his heart after other gods.''

When 1Kings opens, Samuel is dead and David is dying. 1Kings 2 tells how this shepherd, warrior, king, and psalmist went to be with the Lord. Solomon, David's son, then ascended to the throne of all Israel. This book is important because it tells a story of sharp contrast: first, Israel's greatest splendor; second, Israel's tragic downfall. After Solomon's death, there was a rebellion. The nation divided into two kingdoms-- Israel in the north and Judah in the south. King after king led the people into idolatry. It's the old story of sin followed by punishment.

Two men stand out more conspicuously than all the rest named in 1Kings-- Solomon and Elijah. The story really centers upon these two leaders. As we study these men, we fulfill the purpose for this volume-- to see Christ in every book of the Old Testament.


The name Solomon means ''peace.'' His reign is a type or picture of that reign of peace by Him who is greater than Solomon [Luke 1:32; Mat 12:42]. (Ed: See caveats regarding Typology - Study of Biblical types)

Solomon's reign was notable for five outstanding reasons:

Wisdom (1Kings 3:9-12; 4:29-34).

Jewish legend says that Solomon could even converse with the beasts of the field. His proverbs, 3,000 of which are recorded, demonstrate the great wisdom that God had given him. What marvelous guidelines they are for the conduct of life even now!

Peace and prosperity (1Kings 4:25).

Solomon's reign was an unusual time for Israel. The land had been torn apart by war. Now came a time of calm, of peace. ''And Judah and Israel dwelt safely, every man under his vine and under his fig tree, from Dan even unto Beersheba, all the days of Solomon'' (1Kings 4:25).

The building of the temple (1Kings 5-7).

Solomon's temple was unsurpassed in his day for its splendor and luxury. It was the crown jewel of Solomon's reign. Out of Israel came 30,000 men working in relays of 10,000 per month. In addition, 150,000 ''strangers,'' 70,000 of them carriers and 80,000 stone workers, along with 3,300 supervisors, assisted in the work.

God enters the temple (1Kings 8).

When the structure was completed and dedicated, the glory cloud, the Shekinah, came down and filled it. This was the visible manifestation of the presence of God in the midst of His people.

The visit of the Queen of Sheba (1Kings 10).

This influential ruler said to Solomon, ''It was a true report that I heard in mine own land of thy acts and of thy wisdom'' (1Kings 10:6). The wealthy ruler was so impressed with what she had heard and seen that she gave the glory to God, saying, ''Blessed by the LORD thy God, who delighted in thee, to set thee on the throne of Israel'' (11Kings 0:9). A Gentile queen beholding the wealth and beauty of Solomon's reign is a picture of what God has yet in store for this earth.


The gospel according to Matthew begins with the words, ''The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David.'' The designation ''son of David'' immediately brings Solomon to mind, arrayed in all his kingly glory. His reign is a foreview of what will take place when David's greater Son, the Lord Jesus Christ, rules over the earth.

God has decreed that a man is going to rule this world in wisdom. Isaiah wrote, ''And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots; and the Spirit of the LORD shall rest upon Him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD, … but with righteousness shall He judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth; and He shall smite the earth with the rod of His mouth, and with the breath of His lips shall He slay the wicked'' (Isa 11:1,2,4).

Our Lord's millennial reign will be a time of peace and prosperity. The prophet Micah declared of Christ, ''And He shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks; nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war anymore. But they shall sit every man under his vine and under his fig tree, and none shall make them afraid; for the mouth of the LORD of hosts hath spoken it'' (Mic 4:3,4).

A temple will again stand in old Jerusalem. If you study carefully Ezekiel 40 through 49, you will learn about this magnificent edifice. The glory of the Lord will fill that place, and people of all nations will come to it. Micah predicted,

Many nations shall come, and say, Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, and to the house of the God of Jacob (Mic 4:2).

Zechariah delivered this additional prophecy:

And it shall be, in that day, that living waters shall go out from Jerusalem;

half of them toward the former sea, and half of them toward the hinder sea;

in summer and in winter shall it be.

And the LORD shall be king over all the earth;

in that day shall there be one LORD, and His name one.

And it shall come to pass that everyone that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles. (Zech 14:8,9,16).


How tragic the change! Chapter 10 tells of Solomon and all his glory. Then chapter 11 tells of Solomon's sin, chronicles the beginning of the rebellion by Jeroboam, and records Solomon's death. The division of the kingdom and fall into idolatry soon followed. We naturally wonder why. The answer, of course, is that fallen man spoils everything he touches.

From this point onward, the Lord God no longer revealed Himself primarily to kings; rather, He turned to the prophets. From 1Kings 11 to the beginning of the New Testament, God spoke to His people primarily through these specially chosen men.


The experiences of Elijah the prophet give us a challenge for today, for he was active in a time of apostasy. The end of our age will also be marked by apostasy, so a study of the evil men of Elijah's day will tell us what may be expected. The same conditions exist now as did then. [King] Ahab had married Jezebel. This wicked woman introduced Baal worship and other forms of idolatry. Ahab was sitting in the place of authority on the throne of Israel, yet he was denying the God of Israel. Similar conditions are sometimes seen in the conduct of the religious leaders of our day.

In 1Kings 18 we read of two prophets, Obadiah and Elijah. Obadiah feared the Lord and fed the prophets of God who were hiding in a cave. But he lived in the house of Ahab, a compromising position! Ahab never spoke a word against Obadiah. But concerning Elijah, the wicked king said, ''Art thou he who troubleth Israel?'' (18:17). Elijah did not shrink from a confrontation with Ahab. God's exoneration of Elijah took place on Mount Carmel, and that prophet became the instrument of God's judgment upon the the prophets of both Baal and the groves [ie., places of worship to multiple idols].


In 1Kings, one truth looms large on the horizon: a government that leaves God out, whether dictatorship or democracy, is doomed to failure. Government by man always ends in disorder. Yet even though the thrones of earth disintegrate, the throne of heaven will abide forever.

Bruce Hurt,MD

Inductive Bible Study Courses

Precept Ministry International 1-800-763-8280

Click discussion of the value of Inductive Study

Download Lesson 1 of Precept Inductive Course on Samuel, Kings and Chronicles

Links below to lectures related to 1 Kings study

Teaching Notes
Life of Solomon

See also studies on Elijah and Elisha

Solomon Chart Scans (studies 1-24)

  • 1– 2 Sam. 12:24-25, 1 Chronicles 22:2-19, 28:1-21
  • 2 – 1 Kings 1:1-53
  • 3 – 1 Kings 2:1-12
  • 4 – 1 Kings 2:13-46
  • 5 - 2 Chronicles 1:1-12
  • 6 - Proverbs 2:1-15
  • 7 – Song Of Solomon 3:1-11
  • 8 – 1 Kings 4:20-34
  • 9 – 1 Kings 5:1-18, 2 Chronicles 2:1-18
  • 10 – 1 Kings 6:1-38
  • 11 – 1 Kings 7:1-12
  • 12 – 1 Kings 8:1-21, 2 Chronicles 5:1-14
  • 13 – 1 Kings 8:22-61
  • 14 – 1 Kings 9:1-9, 2 Chronicles 7:11-22
  • 15 – 1 Kings 9:10-28, 2 Chronicles 8:1-18
  • 16 – 1 Kings 10:1-13, 2 Chronicles 9:1-12
  • 17 – 1 Kings 10:14-29
  • 18 – Ecclesiastes 1:1-18
  • 19 – Ecclesiastes 2:1-11
  • 20 – Ecclesiastes 2:12-26
  • 21 – 1 Kings 11:1-13
  • 22 – Proverbs 5:1-23
  • 23 – 1 Kings 11:14-43
  • 24 – Proverbs 3:1-26

Lectures - Click here for list of all lectures.  Note that each study corresponds to Scriptures listed above for the respective study

Solomon Teacher Notes used for the lectures listed above

Solomon Study Notes - Includes over 1400 pages of notes (commentaries, Scriptures cross references, illustrations)

Resources on 1 Kings

Notes on the Old Testament
1 Kings

1 Kings

1 Kings

Illustrations, Outlines, Anecdotes, Expositions, Homiletics, Commentary

Sermon Notes
1 Kings

Calvary Chapel, Green Bay

1 Kings

Sermon Notes
1 Kings

Calvary Baptist, Well Done Notes

Calvary Chapel
Sermon Notes
1 Kings

1 Kings Commentary

Click for brief critique


  • Be a Berean with these older works - Acts 17:11+


The Parallel Histories of Judah and Israel, vol. 1 & 2 Author: Maximilian Geneste Publication Date: 1843 (654 pages)

Volume 1 - Examining the intimated relationship and history between Israel and Judah, Maximilian Geneste provides extensive commentary on the composition and arrangement of the text, historical context, and elucidation of reiterated motifs. Offering direct interpretation through semantics, Geneste seeks to convey the spiritual state of Israel and Judah during this period of time. Volume one covers the text from the reign of Rehoboam until the fall of Jerusalem.

Volume 2 - Examining the intimated relationship and history between Israel and Judah, Maximilian Geneste provides extensive commentary on the composition and arrangement of the text, historical context, and elucidation of reiterated motifs. Offering direct interpretation through semantics, Geneste seeks to convey the spiritual state of Israel and Judah during this period of time. Volume two covers the fall of Jerusalem until the Lamentations of Jeremiah.

Maximilian Geneste was the minister of the Church of the Holy Trinity, Isle of Wight. Geneste is the author of several titles including A Glance into the Kingdom of Grace and Christ in the Wilderness. Geneste died on July 27, 1860. (All notes from Logos.com)

Notes on the Hebrew Text of the Books of Kings by C. F. Burney Publication Date: 1903 (444 pages)

Focusing on providing exegetical commentary on the books of Kings, C. F. Burney's Notes on the Hebrew Test of the Books of Kings offers textual criticism, hermeneutic and presuppositional interpretation, and semantic analysis of the text. Looking at the Old Testament parallels throughout the text, Burney delineates the importance of idiomatic and colloquial use of language throughout the books.

C. F. Burney (1868–1925) was educated at Merchant Taylors' School and at St. John's College, Oxford. Burney went on to become Oriel Professor of the Interpretation of Holy Scripture at Oxford. He was also Canon of Rochester and Fellow of St. John Baptist's College in Oxford. He was the author of several titles including Outlines of Old Testament Theology, Israel's Settlement in Canaan, The Aramaic Origin of the Fourth Gospel, and The Poetry of Our Lord.

Expository Readings on the Books of Kings by John Cumming Publication Date: 1859

Fully illustrating the books of Kings, John Cumming's Expository Readings on the Books of Kings offers easy to understand commentary within an exegetical framework. Cumming provides textual criticism, hermeneutics, and exposition of the text, while focusing on practical application of key themes.

Comment - Interesting - seems to have a devotional quality.

John Cumming (1807–1881) was an influential and renowned preacher of the National Scottish Church in Covent Garden. He published approximately 180 books in his lifetime. In 1832, Cumming was appointed to the Crown Court Church in Covent Garden, London, a Church of Scotland congregation that catered for Scots living in London. At the time, the congregation had approximately 80 members, but Cumming was able to grow his congregation to around 900, and he regularly preached to congregations of 500-600 on Sundays. Some of his views on eschatology are questionable at best. 

The Mystery of the Kingdom: Traced Through the Four Books of Kings by  Andrew J. Jukes Publication Date: 1884

Originally delivered as a series of lectures on the books of Samuel and Kings, Andrew J. Jukes offers valuable exegesis, while focusing on the difficult transition from theocracy to monarchy. Jukes distinguishes between use of literal and figurative language within the text, and seeks to elucidate the inherent meaning within the passages.

The book is remarkable as an effort to substantiate the fact of a developmental process in prophecy and revelation, the principle laid down being that God invariably adapts Himself to the condition of those whom He addresses; and the point is aptly and ingeniously illustrated in many ways . . . we have found it to be effective and interesting.—The British Quarterly Review

This classic on 1 Kings is organized as follows:

Introduction. On the Existence and Principle of a Mystic Sense.
I. The General Character of the Books of Kings
II. The Steps Which Led to a King
III. The Steps Which Led to a King (continued)
IV. The Respective Characters of the First Two Kings
V. The Causes of God’s Rejection of the First King
VI. The Relative Position of the First Two Kings, From the Rejection Until the Death of Saul
VII. Various Estimates of David, During the Reign of Saul

Andrew J. Jukes (1815–1901) was a prolific author and clergyman educated at Trinity College, Cambridge. He was an English minister and theologian, who left the Anglican church to join the Plymouth Brethren, and finally to found an independent chapel in Hull.His other major works include The Law of the Offerings, The Restitution of All Things, Four Views of Christ, and The Differences of the Four Gospels. Among those influenced by Jukes was Hudson Taylor

The Kings by Richard G. Moulton Publication Date: 1896 (308 pages)

The Kings contains succinct explanation and clarification on textual arrangement, parallel motifs and figurative language, chronological sequence, and the scope of the text. Intended as an aid for historical interpretation, Richard G. Moulton's commentary provides useful clarity for clergy and laymen alike.

The volume contains a valuable introduction to the book as a piece of literature, and notes are added when necessary. Professor Moulton brings to this work unusual gifts and experience as scholar, teacher, and writer; genuine literary feeling which has been cultivated by close study. Here is not only a "well of English undefiled," but books written in such strong and simple language that a child can understand them. A copy of this edition should be in every family, and we are persuaded it would not remain unread.—The Protestant Episcopal Review

Richard G. Moulton (1849–1924) was Professor of English Literature at the University of Chicago. Moulton was born in England and educated at Cambridge as a lawyer before immigrating to America—later receiving a PhD from the University of Pennsylvania. He is the author of over 30 titles including Shakespeare as a Dramatic Artist, The Literary Study of the Bible, World Literature and Its Place in General Culture, and The Ancient Classical Drama.

Notes on 1 Kings: James Davies Publication Date: 1872

Stating that the books of First and Second Kings were originally compiled together and should be viewed as a single narrative, James Davies' Notes on 1 Kings provides explication of the purpose, composition, authorship, and the reiteration of theocratic themes throughout the text. Davies utilizes the Septuagint, Latin Vulgate, and Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia for clarification on textual arrangement, semantic variation, and historical context.

James Davies is also author of St. Matthew's Gospel, Acts of the Apostles, Book of Common Prayer, and History and Literature of the Tudor and Stuart Periods. Davies was educated at the University of London.

Notes on 2 Kings  James Davies Publication Date: 1873 Pages: 209 Pages: 161

Stating that the books of First and Second Kings were originally compiled together and should be viewed as a single narrative, James Davies' Notes on 2 Kings provides explication of the purpose, composition, authorship, and the reiteration of theocratic themes throughout the text. Davies utilizes the Septuagint, Latin Vulgate, and Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia for clarification on textual arrangement, semantic variation, and historical context.

James Davies is also author of St. Matthew's Gospel, Acts of the Apostles, Book of Common Prayer, and History and Literature of the Tudor and Stuart Periods. Davies was educated at the University of London.

The First and Second Books of Kings: James Robertson Publication Date: 1902 Pages: 273

Looking at purpose, authorship, date of composition, and chronology of the text, James Robertson offers practical explication of the text, while giving special regard to the didactic themes. Robertson provides extensive notes for clarification of key parts of the text, as well as further reading.

Dr. Robertson is the editor of the volume which contains The First and Second Books of Kings, and his name is a guarantee for thorough and judicious work. We have not been a better introduction . . . [its] framework is clearly brought out.—The London Quarterly Review

James Robertson (1839–1902) was educated at the parish school of Drull, the University of Toronto, Princeton Theological Seminary, and Union Theological Seminary. Robertson went on to become the minister of Knox Church in Winnipeg and a missionary in New York. He played a large part in founding the University of Manitoba, as well as hundreds of churches. The Toronto Globe noted at the time of Robertson's death: “No man living knows more about the Canadian Northwest, its resources, its development, its social, moral and religious conditions and necessities.”

The Books of the Kings of Judah and Israel: A Harmony of the Books of Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles by William Day Crockett Publication Date: 1897 Pages: 364

Chronologically moving through the Books of Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles, William Day Crockett provides thorough exegesis that is systematically divided between the reigns of Saul, David, and Solomon. Discoursing on Israel's want for a monarchy, Crockett inculcates the reoccurring sin and redemption cycles that Israel initiates—regardless of admonition and warning.

His work is in line with the revival of interest in the Bible as literature. There is an analytical outline, and a full appendix and index. Mr. Crockett has shown skill and judgment that will commend his work to the great mass of students.—Public Opinion

Mr. Crockett's work is an honest, laborious and successful piece of this study of the Old Testament as it is, that is to be so highly commended both a piece of work and as an aid to others in the study of the central section of the history of the Old Testament as it lies in the documents. It ought to have a 'wide acceptance and usefulness.'—The Presbyterian and Reformed Review

William Day Crockett (1869–1930) was Pastor of the First Presbyterian Church in Canton, Pennsylvania. Crockett is the author of several titles including A Harmony of the books of Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles and A Satchel Guide to Europe

Saul, the First King of Israel: A Scripture Study  - Joseph Augustus Miller Publication Date: 1853 Pages: 318

Eminently thoughtful, useful, practical sermons.  We do not see how Saul’s life-failure could be more profitably set forth.’ – Spurgeon

Covering in detail the text of First and Second Samuel, Joseph August Miller explicates the text with the purpose of practical application of critical themes—exempli gratia: exemplification of faith, humility, repentance, and obedience. Drawing attention to the intent of the heart rather than the profession of religion and mores, Miller offers insightful and exegetical commentary on the moral state of Israel in the time of Saul.

This is the most interesting and instructive volume. The character and the history of Saul form a striking and affecting study; although, as our author remarks, 'in comparison with the other scripture memoirs, but little has been written on this piece of biography.' With great minuteness, and force, and beauty, he brings out the chief points in the career of the first monarch of Israel; and at the same time makes the narrative of outward events serve as a key to unlock the chambers of his inner being. —The Eclectic Review

Joseph Augustus Miller was educated at Highbury College before being ordained minister of Queen-Street Chapel in Sheffield.

Samuel the Prophet - F. B. Meyer Pages: 280

In Samuel the Prophet, F. B. Meyer discusses the critical themes embedded in the text of First Samuel—in context of Israel's transition to a central government. Meyer's commentary conveys the ramifications of Israel's partiality to obedience of the Lord, and explicitly views this as a period of dispensation for Israel.

He left a big witness as a Christian, husband and expositor on the spiritual life. Here he is clear, simple, to the point, and practical in application. The book is especially suited for pastors, Sunday School teachers and laypersons. Sometimes he overdoes things, as in seeing Hittites and confederates as depicting “The evil habits of the old past” (p. 12). Yet in many cases he is apt, as using Gideon to show the need to look to God for adequacy. He sees Saul as unsaved, having the Spirit on him but not in him (103).- Rosscup

F. B. Meyer (1847—1929) was educated at Brighton College, University of London, and Regent's Park College. Meyer was well known for his friendship with Dwight L. Moody, as well as authoring over forty titles.

David: Shepherd, Psalmist, King  - F. B. Meyer Pages: 200

Life and Reign of David by W G Blaikie, 1880 (Only 32 pages)

Cyril J. Barber - One of the finest devotional commentaries ever produced. (This comment is related to Blaikie's Expositor's Bible Commentary entry of 1 Samuel)

Spurgeon - ‘Dr. Blaikie is a good writer.  This Life of David has supplied a great lack.’ – Spurgeon

Samuel and Saul: Their Lives and Times  - William Deane Publication Date: 1889 230 pp.

“A pleasing exposition of the Biblical text.” – Cyril J. Barber

Examining the roles of Samuel and Saul in Israel, William J. Deane offers comprehensive exposition of the text with regard for key themes and events. Moving chapter-by-chapter the author provides historical context of key events, analysis of Israel's propensity to fall away from the law, and the transition into monarchical rule.

The whole style of treatment is careful and suggestive. The writer avails himself of the labors of English and Continental commentators, so that the reader of this book will have the fullest lights that modern research has thrown on the subject. Such a book will be a distinct acquisition . . .—The London Quarterly and Holborn Review

William J. Deane was Rector of Ashan, Essex.

David: his Life and Times  William J. Deane  240 pp.

“A rewarding devotional work.” – Cyril J. Barber

Promise and Deliverance, Volume 2 The failure of Israel's Theocracy by S G De Graaf - 1905

Scroll to Page 67-399 for The History of Israel under a Theocracy - goes from Saul to the Captivity to Babylon (1 Samuel - 2 Chronicles)

It can be difficult to find a quality narrative Bible curriculum for teens and adults. The four volume Promise and Deliverance series by S.G. De Graaf, first published years ago, is still among the best. Many years ago Christianity Today called it “A landmark in interpreting the simple stories of the Bible” and that assessment is as valid as ever.

For years the author, Reverend De Graaf, led a weekly class for those who taught Bible to children, both at Sunday schools and at day schools. This book is the fruit of repeatedly answering the question, “How do we tell this Bible story?” and is helpful for teachers of little ones, for teens to study on their own, and also for anyone else who wishes to study the Bible.

So what is so special about the Promise and Deliverance series?  It focuses on the meaning of each story and on how to understand and share it.  In the introduction to the first volume, the author reminds us that the purpose of telling a story is to make it come alive for the hearer, but also warns us about letting the main point get lost in details. Since God wrote the Bible in order that we might believe, not merely to entertain us, this should never be forgotten.

In each story God reveals himself in a particular way, and the important thing is to try to understand what God intends to reveal to us in that specific story. And, no, it is usually not a moral lesson.  Instead, it is usually something about who God is and about how he makes and keeps his covenant with us.  He is the main character, says De Graaf, and we must not make the mistake of focusing on human actions instead of on God.

These concepts are fundamental to each of the more than 200 Bible narratives. Each narrative, based on a specific Bible passage, is prefaced with a short section that outlines the main goals of the story.  The main thought is summarized in a single sentence, and the actual story follows.  Each narrative not only describes the Bible events but also interprets them, applying them to our lives today.  Thus Promise and Deliverance can also serve as a devotional. (Description by Annie Kate at The Curriculum Choice)

All 4 Volumes of De Graaf's in Promise and Deliverance:

  1. Promise and Deliverance I: From Creation To The Conquest Of Canaan
  2. Promise and Deliverance II: The failure of Israel's Theocracy
  3. Promise and Deliverance III: Christ's Ministry and Death
  4. Promise and Deliverance IV (Christ and the Church)

Lights and Shadows in the Life of King David by Charles Vince 1871  250 pp.

Spurgeon - ‘Baptist minister of Birmingham [England]’  ‘Sermons of the highest order upon a few incidents in David’s life.  They are models of chaste, subdued, but powerful preaching.’

A Critical History of the Life of David  by Samuel Chandler, 1853

Spurgeon - This is a masterpiece as a critical history, and the best of Chandler’s productions.  Many of the Psalms are explained with commendable learning, but the spiritual element is absent.

The Life and Reign of David  by George Smith, 1867

Spurgeon - David’s life is here concisely written, with such of the Psalms interwoven as can be referred to special periods.  It cannot be read without ministering instruction.

Hannah the Matron and   David the Afflicted Man in Studies of Character from the Old Testament  by Thomas Guthrie, 1872  Free Church of Scotland

King Saul the man after the flesh - Samuel Ridout - also available as free download in Esword an excellent free Bible program (history of Esword)

First published in 1900, this practical work is still a blessing to many.

The First Book of Samuel W. O. E. Oesterley Publication Date: 1913 Pages: 192

Concisely examining the authorship, composition, canonization, and original text of First Samuel, W. O. E. Oesterly provides thorough exposition of the text. Systematically conveying the spiritual and moral state of Israel in the text, Oesterley utilizes the Septuagint, Peshitta, Latin Vulgate, and Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia for semantic and philological comparison. The author provides extensive notes for critical explanation and analysis of key topics.

W. O. E. Oesterley (1866–1950) was educated at Brighton College, Jesus College, and West Theological College. Oesterley went on to become Professor of Hebrew and Old Testament Studies at King's College, London. He is the author of many titles including: The Wisdom of Jesus the Son of Sirach or Ecclesiasticus, The Epistle to Philemon, and The Doctrine of the Last Things: Jewish and Christian.

Saul: the First King of Israel  by Thomas Kirk 1896

“Postmortem of a dead king.  Devotional and perceptive.” – Cyril J. Barber

Samuel the Prophet, and the Lessons of His Life and Times by Robert Steel, 1860

In this study of the character of Samuel, Robert Steel examines how the narratives and characters of the Old Testament, as opposed to the New, present an opportunity to learn from the lives of “men like ourselves,” with “peculiar temptations as well as privileges, and revealed infirmities and well as virtues.” Steel works through the books of Samuel in 24 lessons, from his intriguing calling and the labor of his old age. Drawing out lessons for every-day Christian living, Steel examines the life of Solomon, which touches on “all classes and conditions,” as “one of the brightest examples of holy living and useful labor.”

 Samuel, Saul and David and  Samuel the Ruler  in Daily Bible Illustrations by John Kitto

Spurgeon - ‘Should always be consulted’  ‘They are not exactly a commentary, but what marvelous expositions you have there!  You have reading more interesting than any novel that was ever written, and as instructive as the heaviest theology.  The matter is quite attractive and fascinating, and yet so weighty, that the man who shall study those eight volumes thoroughly, will not fail to read his Bible intelligently and with growing interest.’ 

David, King of Israel His Life and Lessons - William Taylor

“Devotional expositions manifesting a depth seldom attained by preachers today.” – Cyril J. Barber

‘A grand work which should be in every library.’

The gentle but compelling style adopted by the author takes each event in David’s life, together with the psalms thought to be written at the time, and makes applications helpful to all Christians. Delightful to read devotionally but will also furnish the preacher with much to help in sermon preparation. Taylor is unafraid to make gospel applications when appropriate and this aspect will be appreciated too. 

A biography told through a Christian lens. Taylor moves through the chronology of David's life, conveying the events and also giving an objective Christian commentary.

William Taylor (1829-1895), originally from Scotland, was pastor of Broadway Tabernacle, New York for twenty years. This work on the life of David began life as evening messages delivered to his congregation.

Samuel and his Age: a Study in the Constitutional History of Israel - George Douglas 1901  330 pp.

Douglas (1826-1904) was a Hebraist in the Free Church of Scotland, having studied under Thomas Chalmers and came to be a Principle of the Free Church College.  “He was a scholarly conservative, skeptical of higher critical views.” – DoSCH&T

The Books of the Kings of Judah and Israel: A Harmony of the Books of Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles by William Day Crockett Publication Date: 1897 Pages: 364

Chronologically moving through the Books of Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles, William Day Crockett provides thorough exegesis that is systematically divided between the reigns of Saul, David, and Solomon. Discoursing on Israel's want for a monarchy, Crockett inculcates the reoccurring sin and redemption cycles that Israel initiates—regardless of admonition and warning.

His work is in line with the revival of interest in the Bible as literature. There is an analytical outline, and a full appendix and index. Mr. Crockett has shown skill and judgment that will commend his work to the great mass of students.—Public Opinion

‘An attempt to reconcile and correlate the history of the Books of Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles into chronological sequence.’ – Cyril J. Barber

Mr. Crockett's work is an honest, laborious and successful piece of this study of the Old Testament as it is, that is to be so highly commended both a piece of work and as an aid to others in the study of the central section of the history of the Old Testament as it lies in the documents. It ought to have a 'wide acceptance and usefulness.'—The Presbyterian and Reformed Review

William Day Crockett (1869–1930) was Pastor of the First Presbyterian Church in Canton, Pennsylvania. Crockett is the author of several titles including A Harmony of the books of Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles and A Satchel Guide to Europe

Israel’s Golden Age: The Story of the United Kingdom - John D Fleming - 1907

Fleming has some liberal tendencies and his exposition is not spiritual.

Scripture Questions Designed Principally for Adult Bible Classes - 1 Samuel - George Bush

Bush was a Biblical scholar, a professor of oriental literature in New York City University, and initially a presbyterian minister.

A Commentary upon the Two Books of Samuel by Patrick Simon, 1703

Combining a pious voice with the objective tone of the Age of Reason, this volume presents the critical commentary of Anglican minister Patrick Simon on the books of Samuel. Recognized as some of the most enduring English Bible commentary, Simon’s critical work addresses challenges the church faced during the beginning of the Enlightenment.

Discourses on the History of David; and On the Introduction of Christianity into Britain by George Lawson, 1833

This volume from Presbyterian minister George Lawson includes two works. In the first, he works through the biblical portrait of King David, addressing his obedience and disobedience, faith and fears, and triumph and trials. He provides exegesis from Chronicles, the Psalms, and Samuel. The second work presents a history of Christianity in Britain from pre-Christian times to the beginning of the Reformation.

A Commentary on the First Book of Samuel by Loring W. Batten Publication Date: 1919 Pages: 236

Loring W. Batten's A Commentary on the First Book of Samuel provides critical exegesis on the book of First Samuel that combines thorough exposition, semantic evaluation and pragmatics, and explanatory notes. Batten covers the scope and composition of the text within historical context.

This is a worthy addition to the Bible for Home and School. The notes are always to the point . . . and the composite character of the book is clearly brought out both in the commentary proper and in the brief but well-written Introduction. —The Homiletic Review

Loring W. Batten (1859—1946) was Professor of the Literature and Interpretation of the Old Testament, General Theological Seminary in New York and a former chairman of the Society for Biblical Scholarship (1928).

Analysis of the First Book of Samuel by Lewis Hughes Publication Date: 1885 Pages: 160

Expositionally moving through the book of First Samuel, Lewis Hughes provides comprehensive commentary that elucidates semantic meaning, colloquial language, textual composition, and the scope of biblical history covered. Hughes conveys the text in such a way as to combine succinct clarification and a forbearance of pedantic language.

Unlike many 'Manuals,' the present book will prove a good help . . . it is conceived in a teacher's spirit. —The Schoolmaster

Lewis Hughes was Professor at Corpus Christi College in Cambridge.

Studies in the First Book of Samuel by Herbert Lockwood Willett Publication Date: 1909 Pages: 356

Originally intended as a textbook for the study of First Samuel, Hebert Lockwood Willett offers sound exegesis coupled with end-of-chapter questions for critical application and reflection. Willett's commentary is structured to provide exhortation of the text, familiarization with the original language, and an overview of key events found in First Samuel.

A double purpose is however served by Dr. Willett's book on Samuel; the pupil not only has a fascinating introduction to this book and to its many exciting events, but he is brought face to face with many of his own ethical and religious problems . . .—Book Review Digest

Herbert Lockwood Willett (1864—1944) was educated at Bethany College, Yale University, University of Berlin, and the University of Chicago. Willett went on to become Professor of Semitic Languages and Literature at the University of Chicago and Minister of Memorial Church of Christ, Chicago.

Analysis of the Second Book of Samuel by T. Boston Johnstone Publication Date: 1885 Pages: 220

Focused on connecting the narrative portions of Second Samuel together—chronologically and historically—T. Boston Johnstone provides exposition of the text. Johnstone also includes relevant map sets and examination questions for further clarification and study.

T. Boston Johnstone was Professor at St. Andrews in Scotland. He is also the author of a number of commentaries on Old Testament books.

A Key to the Books of Samuel by R. O. Thomas Publication Date: 1881 Pages: 96

Originally compiled as a study-guide for University examinations, A Key to the Books of Samuel provides concise exposition that explicates authorship, historical context, semantic meaning, and parallel structure across books. R. O. Thomas draws upon extra-biblical sources such as Jospehus to further clarify key events.

Invaluable to students . . .—Educational Guide

The style is clear, and the explanations full and judicious.—Schoolmaster

R. O. Thomas is the author of many titles including A Synopsis of [J.] Butler's Analogy of Religion, An Outline of Paley's Evidences of Christianity, England under the Normans, and England Under the Tudors.

Sabbath Morning Readings on the Old Testament: The First and Second Books of Samuel by John Cumming Publication Date: 1859 Pages: 465

Written as a collection of studies to be read on Sunday mornings, John Cumming offers extensive commentary on books of Samuel with regard for Israel's covenant. Moving chapter-to-chapter, Cumming seeks to elucidate the key principles, truths, and lessons found in the books of Samuel.

The expositions are clear, vigorous, and strongly evangelical. There is little to which the critic can take exceptional there is much, very much, to edify and instruct the candid reader. We are very glad to give these expositions very sincere commendation and to wish for them an extended circulation.—The Baptist Magazine

On his work on Deuteronomy:  “And to show that the Old Testament can be preached and is relevant to our lives today, John Cumming (1807-1881), Scottish born preacher and, for many years minister of the National Scottish Church, London, expounds Moses’ last treatises with an unction that was characteristic of all that was best in the era in which he lived.” – Cyril J. Barber

John Cumming was Minister of the Scottish National Church at Crown Court.

From Samuel to Solomon by Charles S. Robinson, 1889

The narratives of 1 and 2 Samuel are some of the most exciting and personal narratives of the Old Testament. In this volume, Presbyterian minister Charles S. Robinson draws out 29 lessons from the two books that follow the lives of Samuel, Saul, David, and Solomon–four leaders “whose lives were so individual and yet in many respects so alike.” According to Robinson, “whoever understands those men will have attained a knowledge of human nature which will prove valuable to him as a citizen and a Christian.”

Lectures on the Life of Samuel: Preached in the Parish of Warminster, Wilts, during Lent, A.D. 1834 by William Dalby

In these eight lectures, William Dalby examines the biblical account of Samuel, aiming to “exhibit its truths practically,” believing that teaching practical application to be both the most difficult and most important labor of a preacher. Dalby’s applications of Scripture to everyday life are eminently readable and enduringly valuable for those seeking to live under the authority of Scripture.

Samuel and His Age: A Study in the Constitutional History of Israel by George C. M. Douglas, 1901

This fascinating volume examines the governmental structure of Israel as it developed in 1 and 2 Samuel. Throughout his analysis of these books, George C. M. Douglas pays particular attention to Samuel, as Israel’s second grandest leader after Moses, analyzing how he stewarded and passed off the three offices of prophet, priest, and supreme ruler through his life and the reigns of Saul and David.

The Books of Chronicles by James G. Murphy Publication Date: 1880 Pages: 164

Expositionally examining the books of Chronicles as a prelude to the New Testament, James G. Murphy provides comprehensive studies on the scope of the text and its relationship to the Pentateuch under the law. Murphy offers thorough analysis of the literary composition and distinguishing characteristics of the text—while relying on extra-biblical sources for clarification on events.

Far beyond anything indicated by the small price of this work is its exceeding value for thoroughness of verbal exposition, exegetical criticism, and homiletic suggestiveness.—Baptist magazine

. . . it contains a vast amount of information, which ministers, Sunday-school teachers, and Bible classes may turn to good account.—Christian World

James G. Murphy was professor of Hebrew and Old Testament at Assembly’s College and the author of numerous books, including The Elements of Hebrew Grammar, The Human Mind, A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Genesis, A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Exodus, with a New Translation, and A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Leviticus.

The Books of Chronicles in Relation to the Pentateuch and the “Higher Criticism” by A. C. Hervey Publication Date: 1892 Pages: 184

Originally delivered as a series of five lectures before the Society for Promoting Higher Education, A. C. Hervey provides concise commentary covering authenticity, scope, and application of the text. Hervey seeks to relay the inherent connection between Chronicles and the Pentateuch with regard for the law and redemption. The author emphasizes the reoccurring themes of apostasy and reconciliation throughout the text.

A. C. Hervey (1808–1894) was educated at Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge before being ordained. Hervey went on to become bishop of Bath and Wells during his life of clerical work.

The Chronicles by Richard G. Moulton Publication Date: 1901 Pages: 300

Covering in detail the genealogy and history covered in the books of Chronicles, Ezra, and Nehemiah, Richard G. Moulton’s exposition emphasizes on the restoration of Israel. Moulton expresses the importance of the Chronicles in understanding Israel’s historical relationship with Yahweh under the law.

In view of the significance and possible results of Professor Moulton’s undertaking, it is not too much to pronounce it one of the most important spiritual and literary events of the times.—The Outlook

Unquestionable here is a task worth carrying out: and it is to be said at once that Dr. Moulton has carried it out with great skill and helpfulness. Both the introduction and the notes are distinct contributions to the better understanding and higher appreciation of the literary character, features, and beauties of the Biblical books treated. —The Presbyterians and Reformed Review

Richard G. Moulton (1849–1924) was professor of English literature at the University of Chicago. Moulton was born in England and educated as a lawyer before immigrating to America.

An Apparatus Criticus to Chronicles in the Peshitta Version with a Discussion of the Value of the Codex Ambrosianus by W. E. Barnes Publication Date: 1897 Pages: 104

Concisely examining the Peshitta (Syriac Vulgate) with regard for semantic variation and omission, W. E. Barnes provides verse-by-verse elucidation of the text. Barnes seeks to convey the inherent purpose of the text—while noting several instances of textual substitution and mistranslation. The author draws upon the Jacobite MS, Florentine MS, Peshitta, Septuagint, and Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia for semantic comparison.

W. E. Barnes (1859–1939) was fellow and chaplain of Peterhouse, Hulsean Professor of divinity, and examining chaplain to the bishop of London. His other works include The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Two Books of the Kings.

The Books of the Chronicles by R. Kittel Publication Date: 1895 Pages: 90

Examining the composition of the English translation based on the reconstruction of the original Hebrew, R. Kittel provides critical examination of the text with regard for semantic interpretation and historical context. Kittel draws upon the Masoretic Text, LXX, Targum manuscripts, Peshita, and Latin Vulgate in order to draw conclusions on semantic variation and omission. He incorporates views from the early Church Fathers in order to provide further clarification on key topics.

. . . it is not only valuable, but indispensable.—The London Quarterly Review

R. Kittel (1853–1929) was educated at Tübingen University before becoming professor of Old Testament at the University of Leipzeig.

The First and Second Books of Chronicles by A. Hughes-Games Publication Date: 1902 Pages: 240

Viewing the books of 1 and 2 Chronicles as an aggregate of compiled history, A. Hughes-Games offers in-depth exposition of the text from historical context—while looking at the original compilation of the books in the Septuagint. Following an extensive introduction to the text covering literary composition, canonical positioning, semantic variations, and questions of authenticity, A. Hughes-Games moves verse-by-verse while offering clarification of critical points.

A. Hughes-Games was venerable archdeacon of Holy Trinity Church, Hull.

The Chronicle of Man, or, The Genealogies in the Book of Chronicles Viewed as Foreshadowing the Purpose of the Ages by F. M. Fearnley Publication Date: 1875 Pages: 288

F. M. Fearnley’s The Chronicle of Man, or The Genealogies in the Book of Chronicles Viewed as Foreshadowing the Purpose of the Ages provides exegesis on the genealogies found in 1 Chronicles within historical context. Fearnley critically examines the lineage as a key part of understanding biblical history.

F. M. Fearnley is also the author of The Bread of God, This Life and the Life to Come, and Elijah and Elisha.


ROBERT JAMIESON, A. R. FAUSSET AND DAVID BROWN. Published 1871 - One of the Better Older Commentary. It does not analyze the text based on so-called "higher criticism," but is thoroughly conservative and evangelical. Tends to be more conservative and literal. Avoids spiritualizing.

Spurgeon's Comment: "Of this I have a very high opinion. It is the joint work of Mr. Jamieson, A. R. Fausset, and Dr. David Brown. It is to some extent a compilation and condensation of other men’s thoughts, but it is sufficiently original to claim a place in every minister’s library; indeed it contains so great a variety of information that if a man had no other exposition he would find himself at no great loss if he possessed this and used it diligently."

Below is the index to the Unabridged Version of this well done commentary

Introduction 1 Kings 1 1 Kings 2 1 Kings 3
1 Kings 4 1 Kings 5 1 Kings 6 1 Kings 7
1 Kings 8 1 Kings 9 1 Kings 10 1 Kings 11
1 Kings 12 1 Kings 13 1 Kings 14 1 Kings 15
1 Kings 16 1 Kings 17 1 Kings 18 1 Kings 19
1 Kings 20 1 Kings 21 1 Kings 22

Notes on 1 Kings
Conservative, Millennial

Sermon Notes
1 Kings

Sermon Notes
1 Kings

Sermon Notes
1 Kings

Commentary on the Bible
1 Kings

Old Testament Commentary
for English Readers
1 Kings

Introduction 1 Kings 1 1 Kings 2 1 Kings 3
1 Kings 4 1 Kings 5 1 Kings 6 1 Kings 7
1 Kings 8 1 Kings 9 1 Kings 10 1 Kings 11
1 Kings 12 1 Kings 13 1 Kings 14 1 Kings 15
1 Kings 16 1 Kings 17 1 Kings 18 1 Kings 19
1 Kings 20 1 Kings 21 1 Kings 22

1 Kings

Click for the following devotionals...

  • 1 Kings 1:5-14, 28-31 Results of Neglect
  • 1 Kings 17:1 God Lives!
  • 1 Kings 17:2-7 One Step at a Time
  • 1 Kings 17:8-16 Sufficient for Each Day
  • 1 Kings 17:17-24 New Life
  • 1 Kings 18:1-7 A Secret Believer
  • 1 Kings 18:7-16 Where Do We Stand?
  • 1 Kings 18:17-19 Charge and Countercharge
  • 1 Kings 18:20-24 Make a Decision!
  • 1 Kings 18:25-29 The Majority Can Be Wrong
  • 1 Kings 18:30-39 The Fire Falls
  • 1 Kings 18:40-46 Rain At Last!
  • 1 Kings 19:1-8 A Mighty Man Falls
  • 1 Kings 19:8-18 God Is Still in Control
  • James 5:16-18 We Can Do It Also (like Elijah)

1 Kings

Written for the LifeWay Explore the Bible Sunday School curriculum

1 Kings
F W Farrar

Warren W. Wiersbe - If you can locate the six-volume edition of the Expositor’s Bible, buy it immediately! It takes up less space than the original fifty-volume set, and not everything in the original set is worth owning. Samuel H. Kellogg on Leviticus is a classic; so is Alexander Maclaren on the Psalms and on Colossians. (A Basic Library for Bible Students)

Cyril J. Barber - This set, originally published in 1903, contains expositions by both conservative and liberal theologians. The most important works are by Dod (Genesis), Chadwick (Exodus and Mark), Kellogg (Leviticus), Blaikie (Joshua, I and II Samuel), Adeney (Ezra, Nehemiah and Esther), Maclaren (Psalms), Moule (Romans), Findlay (Galatians and Ephesians), Plummer (Pastoral Epistles and the Epistles of James and Jude), and Milligan (Revelation.) (The Minister’s Library)

1 Kings Commentary


  • 1 Kings; Principle #1; 1 Kg. 1:5-10; p. 428 Deception and Denial: No matter how much parents love God, they must still guard against being in denial regarding their children's inappropriate behavior. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #2; 1 Kg. 1:11-40; p. 429 Loving Intervention: Because of our human tendencies to be in denial, we should be accountable to others who love us enough to confront us. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #3; 1 Kg. 2:1-9; p. 430 Correcting Mistakes: We should do what we can to correct the results of our mistakes before passing our leadership role to our successors. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #4; 1 Kg. 3:1-3; p. 432 Subtle Idolatry: Even when we have a strong desire to walk in God?s will, we must still be careful not to allow any form of idolatry to creep into our lives. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #5; 1 Kg. 3:4-15; p. 433 Unselfish Motives: To be assured of eternal rewards, we should demonstrate true humility and concern for others. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #6; 1 Kg. 3:16-28; p. 434 God's Wisdom: To live in God's will, we should ask God for divine wisdom. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #7; 1 Kg. 5:1-12; p. 435 Wisdom and Peace: We should draw on God's wisdom to live in peace and oneness with our fellow Christians. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #8; 1 Kg. 6:1-38; p. 437 God's Living Temple: Christian leaders are to build their churches on one eternal foundation, the Lord Jesus Christ. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #9; 1 Kg. 8:1-11; p. 439 Spiritual Sacrifices: As God's living temple, we are to reveal God's glory by reflecting our Savior's sacrificial love as we relate to God and one another. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #10; 1 Kg. 8:22-53; p. 442 God's Forgiveness: Even though our sins are forgiven because of our faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, we need to confess our sins in order to experience ongoing and intimate fellowship with God. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #11; 1 Kg. 8:54-66; p. 443 Standing Firm: Even though we may be sincere followers of the Lord Jesus Christ, we must be on guard against Satan's efforts to lead us into sinful disobedience. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #12; 1 Kg. 10:1-13; p. 444 God's Bridge to the World: We should love one another as Christ has loved us, demonstrating to unbelievers that Jesus is who He claimed to be--the God-man.Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #13; 1 Kg. 11:1-8; p. 446 Moral Compromise: We should not compromise our love for God by engaging in any form of immorality. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #14; 1 Kg. 11:9-13; p. 446 Finishing Well: Even though we have had a strong beginning in our walk with God, we must not assume that we'll automatically continue on the path God has designed for us. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #15; 1 Kg. 11:26-40; p. 447 Jealousy's Terrible Toll: We should never underestimate the insidious power of jealousy. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #16; 1 Kg. 11:41-12:14; p. 448 Aged Wisdom: When seeking advice, we should value the accumulated wisdom of those who are older than we are. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #17; 1 Kg. 12:15-24; p. 449 God's Sovereignty and Human Responsibility: Though we make mistakes that lead to serious consequences, we are to remember that God is still sovereign and in control of human events. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #18; 1 Kg. 12:25-33; p. 450 Deception and Distortions: We must constantly be on guard against those who claim to be teaching the truth but who are distorting the Word of God. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #19; 1 Kg. 13:1-32; p. 451 False Prophets and Teachers: We must not accept or tolerate the teaching of anyone who claims to be a spokesperson for God but whose message contradicts the clear teachings of Scripture. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #20; 1 Kg. 13:33-14:20; p. 452 Encouraging One Another: We should encourage one another regularly so that we are not deceived by sin and drawn away from God's will. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #21; 1 Kg. 15:1-24; p. 454 Courageous Leaders: Spiritual leaders must take a firm and courageous stand against apostasy and the sinful practices that have infiltrated the church. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #22; 1 Kg. 15:25-16:34; p. 456 Sinful Regression: We should not be surprised when leaders who deliberately violate God's spiritual and moral laws become more and more rebellious and evil. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #23; 1 Kg. 17:1-6; p. 456 Persecution and Rejection: When we are faithful in following the Lord Jesus Christ in a decadent world, we should anticipate rejection and persecution. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #24; 1 Kg. 17:7-16; p. 457 A Test of Faith: At times, we should expect the Lord to allow us to experience uncertainty in order to develop our faith in Him. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #25; 1 Kg. 17:17-24; p. 458 Crisis Prayers: We should consider crises in our lives as opportunities to learn to pray more fervently. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #26; 1 Kg. 18:1-19; p. 459 Faith-Building Experiences: We should expect God at times to design smaller challenges in order to build our faith so we can face greater challenges victoriously. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #27; 1 Kg. 18:20-39; p. 460 Double Mindedness: When given a clear opportunity to acknowledge the one true God, we should realize that our silence may indicate the degree of unbelief in our lives. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #28; 1 Kg. 18:40-19:4; p. 460 Discouragement and Depression: When we experience discouragement and even depression, we should evaluate the degree to which we are physically, psychologically, and spiritually exhausted. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #29; 1 Kg. 19:5-9a; p. 461 Physical Needs: When we are discouraged and depressed, we should make sure we have had proper nourishment and sufficient physical rest. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #30; 1 Kg. 19:9b-10; p. 461 Mental Distortions: We must understand that serious depression may distort certain aspects of our reality. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #31; 1 Kg. 19:11-13; p. 462 Theological Disillusionment: We must guard against building our faith on intense and unusual spiritual and psychological experiences. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #32; 1 Kg. 19:13-18; p. 462 Mutual Encouragement: To continue to grow spiritually and to do God's work fervently, we should seek encouragement from fellow Christians. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #33; 1 Kg. 19:19-21; p. 463 Companionship: All of us should have close companions who share our passion and vision for doing the will of God. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #34; 1 Kg. 20:1-30; p. 464 Grace Beyond Measure: We are never to take advantage of God?s grace and continue to sin. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #35; 1 Kg. 20:30-43; p. 465 Hardness of Heart: When God is displeased with our actions, we are to listen and repent rather than respond with resentment and anger. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #36; 1 Kg. 21:1-16; p. 466 Childish Behavior: Even though adults are occupying key leadership roles, we should not assume they are mature psychologically and spiritually. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #37; 1 Kg. 21:17-26; p. 467 Evil Influences: We are to avoid close fellowship with people who persist in living evil lives. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #38; 1 Kg. 21:27-29; p. 467 A Humble Spirit: When we sin against God, we are to truly humble ourselves and confess our sins. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #39; 1 Kg. 22:1-12; p. 468 Selective Listening: We should always be open to hearing the truth rather than only listening to information that supports our selfish agendas. Video
  • 1 Kings; Principle #40; 1 Kg. 22:13-40; p. 469 Compromising Truth: Spiritual leaders should not withhold or distort God's Word in order to ingratiate themselves to their listeners. Video

1 Kings Commentary

Life of Elijah
Sermon Notes
1 Kings

Related to
Book of 1 Kings

1 Kings

1 Kings Commentary

Conservative, Evangelical, Millennial Perspective


Poor Man's Commentary
1 Kings

1 Kings Commentary

Related to 1 Kings

1 Kings 17:14 Dwindling Resources

The barrel of meal shall not be used up, neither shall the cruse of oil fail. 1 Kings 17:14

At some point in life most of us face the problem of dwindling resources. The story of the widow of Zarephath should encourage us to trust the Lord to supply our needs at all times.

H. A. Ironside told of a Christian widow who lived in Scotland. With several “bairns” in the home, it was extremely difficult for her to provide food and clothing for her household. Through it all, she lived close to the Lord and lovingly taught her children to put their confidence in Him. The day finally came when the purse was empty and the pantry depleted. Only a handful of flour remained in the big barrel. The mother reached down into the container to scrape up the last bit in order to make some bread for her hungry little ones. As she bent over the barrel, her faith began to waver and she could hold back the tears no longer. Her little son Robbie heard her sobs and began tugging at her dress till she lifted her head and looked into his questioning eyes. In his Scottish dialect he asked, “Mither, what are ye weepin’ aboot? Dinna God hear ye scrapin’ the bottom o’ the barrel, Mither?” Ironside said, “In a moment her failing faith reasserted itself. Ah yes, God did hear. All else might be gone but He remained, and His Word declared that her every need would be supplied.”

Our Daily Bread, P.R.V., Wednesday, February 25

1 Kings

The Kings of Judah & Israel

1 & 2 Kings; 1 & 2 Chronicles

See Also Ironside's Notes on Select Chapters

1 Kings

Devotional Studies
Life of Elijah
1 Kings

1 Kings

James Rosscup - "Keil, C. F. and Franz Delitzsch. Commentary on the Old Testament. 25 volumes. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1950. This is the best older, overall treatment of a critical nature on the Old Testament Hebrew text verse by verse and is a good standard work to buy. The student can buy parts or the whole of this series. Sometimes it is evangelical, at other times liberal ideas enter." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)

Commentary on 1 Kings
Pictorial Bible

Spurgeon's Comments on Kitto: "Then, of course, gentlemen, you will economize rigidly until you have accumulated funds to purchase Kitto’s Pictorial Bible. You mean to take that goodly freight on board before you launch upon the sea of married life. As you cannot visit the Holy Land, it is well for you that there is a work like the Pictorial Bible, in which the notes of the most observant travellers are arranged under the texts which they illustrate. For the geography, zoology, botany, and manners and customs of Palestine, this will be your counselor and guide… A work of art as well as learning."

Daily Bible Illustrations
1 Kings

Spurgeon comments-"Should always be consulted… Exceeding meritorious. Refer to it frequently… They are not exactly a commentary, but what marvelous expositions you have there! You have reading more interesting than any novel that was ever written, and as instructive as the heaviest theology. The matter is quite attractive and fascinating, and yet so weighty, that the man who shall study these volumes thoroughly, will not fail to read his Bible intelligently and with growing interest."

1 Kings

Lutheran Perspective

1 Kings

Spurgeon - "It must have cost great effort to make the homiletical part of this volume as good as it is. It is a treasury to the preacher, and is all the more precious because we have next to nothing upon the books of the Kings."

Spurgeon's Comments on Lange's Series: "These volumes are not all of equal value, but as a whole, they are a grand addition to our stores. The American translators have added considerably to the German work, and in some cases these additions are more valuable than the original matter. For homiletical purposes these volumes are so many hills of gold, but, alas, there is dross also, for Baptismal Regeneration and other grave errors occur… We are very far from endorsing all Zöckler’s remarks." (Caveat: Be a Berean - Acts 17:11)

Sermons on 1 Kings

Elijah, the Prophet of Fire
1 Kings

Commentary on 1 Kings
Thru the Bible

These are Mp3's 

Notes on 1 Kings

Our Daily Homily

(Also two from Our Daily Walk**)

Elijah and the Secret of His Power

Devotional and Practical

1 Kings
Conservative, Evangelical


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Outlines, Introductions on 1 Kings


Challies rates Dale Ralph Davis book #1 - Click for an except of his comments on first chapter of 1 Kings Commentary Below are the "Contents" from Davis' book which have interesting titles outlining 1 Kings…

Part 1: The Golden Age 1 Kings 1–11

1. Kingdom, Kingdom, Who’s Got the Kingdom? (1 Kings 1:1-53)

2. How Can a Kingdom Be Safe? (1 Kings 2:1-46)

3. To Have a Hearing Heart (1 Kings 3:1-28)

4. The Wisdom Regime (1 Kings 4:1-34)

5. House Plans (1 Kings 5:1-18)

6. Construction Report (1 Kings 6:1-38)

7. Interior Decorating (1 Kings 7:1-51)

8. What God Has Joined Together (1 Kings 8:1-66)

9. Surveying the Construction (1 Kings 9:1-28)

10. A Light to the Nations (1 Kings 10:1-29)

11. You Have Left Your First Love (1 Kings 11:1-43)

Part 2: The Torn Kingdom 1 Kings 12–2 Kings 17

12. Kingdom Crud (1 Kings 12:1–24)

13. Bootleg Religion (1 Kings 12:25–33)

14. A Tale of Two Prophets (1 Kings 13)

15. The Beginning Has Been the Beginning of the End (1 Kings 14:1–20)

16. A Lamp in Jerusalem (1 Kings 14:21–15:24)

17. Evil Men in the Hand of a Good God (1 Kings 15:25–16:7)

18. We Three Kings (1 Kings 16:8–28)

19. Antichrist Casts His Shadow (1 Kings 16:29–17:1)

20. The Beginning of a God War (1 Kings 17:2–16)

21. Dare We Trust God? (1 Kings 17:17–24)

22. Will the Real God Please Stand Up? (1 Kings 18:1–40)

23. In Prayer and on the Run (1 Kings 18:41–46)

24. Shall the Psychotherapists Win? (1 Kings 19:1–18)

25. Leaving the Farm (1 Kings 19:19–21)

26. Getting Clear about God (1 Kings 20:1-43)

27. Getting Clear about God’s Justice (1 Kings 21:1-29)

28. Getting Clear about God’s Word (1 Kings 22:1–40)

29. The Folly and the Folly (1 Kings 22:41–53)

CYRIL BARBER - recommendations from his book The Minister's Library Volume 2 & Volume 3

  • Barber, Cyril John. The Books of Kings 2 Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2004. “A plain, highly readable study that pastors, college students, seminarians, and lay people will find helpful.”
  • DeVries, Simon J. 1 Kings. Word Biblical Commentary. Waco, Tex.: Word Books, 1985. A capable, reasonably conservative treatment of the text. The introduction is most helpful, and the bibliographies are exceedingly valuable. Though pastors will find the critical issues discussed of marginal worth, this is the best commentary on 1 Kings to be produced in many years.
  • Dilday, Russell H. One [and] Two Kings. The Communicator's Commentary. Waco, TX: Word Books, 1987. A well-articulated commentary. The Introduction is brief and to-the-point. Dilday sees the purpose of these book as illustrating the "Sovereign Lord of History using men and nations to work out his redemptive purposes." Throughout there is evidence of the author's wide reading. Prominence is given, however, to liberal and Baptist writers (a strange mix when one considers the historic roots of the Southern Baptist movement). The comments on the text are very brief. While the chapters are well-written, they lack a homiletic outline. They do follow the text, and Dilday's rhetorical acumen is evident on every page.
  • Ellul, Jacques. The Politics of God and the Politics of Man. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1972. Basing his political theory on the fact that the problems of our times are theological and not sociological, the writer shows from a study of 2 Kings how God has provided a blueprint for selfgovernment in the Bible. Rewarding reading.
  • Farrar, Frederick William. The First Book of Kings. Minneapolis: Klock & Klock Christian Publishers, 1981. A thorough and delightful exposition of this history of Israel from Solomon to Elijah. In places it manifests an unwise dependence on the LXX and follows some higher critical theories in vogue at the time.
  • *_______ The Second Book of Kings. Minneapolis: Klock & Klock Christian Publishers, 1981. Treats Israel's history from the ascension of Elijah to the deportation of Judah. Remains one of the most satisfactory works for the expository preacher.
  • Gray, John. I and II Kings: A Commentary. Old Testament Library. 2d ed. rev. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1971. †An expansion and revision of the writer's earlier commentary. Includes a vast amount of archaeological and exegetical material, covers every significant verse, and makes a valuable though critical contribution to the study of these books.
  • Jones, Gwilynm H. 1 and 2 Kings. 2 vols. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1984. Capably introduced. Carefully attends to the history, customs, culture, and etymology of Hebrew words. Deals adequately with the text of these two books. Helpful.
  • *Kirk, Thomas, and George Rawlinson. Studies in the Books of Kings. 2 vols. in 1. Minneapolis: Klock & Klock Christian Publishers, 1983. It is difficult to refrain from speaking eloquently of the value of this work. Kirk's handling of the life of Solomon (1 Kings 1-9) is done so well that it suggests messages by the score and provides, in addition, pertinent areas of application. It is instructive as well as revealing, edifying, and also enlightening. And Rawlinson's handling of the remainder of 1 Kings 10-2 Kings 25 provides one of the finest syntheses of biblical history (set against the background of the ancient Near East) that has ever been written. Rawlinson's chronology is lacking, but this in itself is not sufficient to condemn his work to oblivion. The chronology of other similar treatises was also faulty up to the time Thiele produced his Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings. Any deficiencies, therefore, can easily be corrected by checking Rawlinson against Thiele. What is important is that here we have a work that makes the OT come alive.
  • Long, Burke O. Second Kings. Forms of the Old Testament Literature. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1991. Walter Bruggemann wrote of this book, “Long has written a shrewd, discerning, and comprehensive study that will become an enduring point of reference for future study. It is evident that Long knows all the literature in a thorough and masterful way. He is, moreover, intentional about method, and works his method with power and insight.... The focal point of his study is form analysis ... [and] in his case the study of the text spills over, well beyond form criticism into a wealth of analytic and interpretive insight. His book is a model for mobilizing detail into a sensible and illuminating whole.”
  • Nelson, Richard D. First and Second Kings. Interpretation, a Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching. Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1987. Examines the Books of Kings, treating the text as theological literature. Emphasizes the literary impact this work had when it was first released. Disregards the inspiration and authority of the text in favor of its canonical importance. Deftly draws readers into an examination of the text.
  • Wallace, Ronald S. Readings in I Kings: An Interpretation Arranged for Personal and Group Bible Study, with Questions and Notes. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1995. “In this concise, practical commentary on I Kings, Wallace succeeds in giving ‘fresh thoughts fresh clothing.’... He draws readers into biblical characters’ lives ... and his love for the Bible is evident as he bridges the centuries to show each stories’ modern practicality. He sees ‘persons like ourselves in situations that we can easily match with our own today,’ and he pulls no punches exposing their human foibles and weaknesses.”--Bookstore Journal.
  • *Whitcomb, John Clement, Jr. Solomon to the Exile: Studies in Kings and Chronicles. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1971. An ideal book for discussion groups. Recreates the OT setting, graphically depicts the cause of decline in Israel and Judah, and draws valid lessons from these incidents that are applied to the needs of the present.




Defender's Study Bible - Excellent, conservative, literal study Bible notes from a leading creationist commentator, Dr Henry Morris. See links to notes in right margin.




A Chronological Daily Bible Study of the Old Testament- 7-Day Sections with a Summary-Commentary, Discussion Questions, and a Practical Daily Application





Outline of 1 and 2 Kings

Since the division of 1 and 2 Kings arbitrarily takes place in the middle of the narrative concerning King Ahaziah in Israel, the following outline is for both 1 and 2 Kings.

I. The United Kingdom: The Reign of Solomon (1 Kings 1:1–11:43)

A. The Rise of Solomon (1 Kings 1:1–2:46)

B. The Beginning of Solomon’s Wisdom and Wealth (1 Kings 3:1–4:34)

C. The Preparations for the Building of the Temple (1 Kings 5:1–18)

D. The Building of the Temple and Solomon’s House (1 Kings 6:1–9:9)

E. The Further Building Projects of Solomon (1 Kings 9:10–28)

F. The Culmination of Solomon’s Wisdom and Wealth (1 Kings 10:1–29)

G. The Decline of Solomon (1 Kings 11:1–43)

II. The Divided Kingdom: The Kings of Israel and Judah (1 Kings 12:1–2 Kings 17:41)

A. The Rise of Idolatry: Jeroboam of Israel/Rehoboam of Judah (1 Kings 12:1–14:31)

B. Kings of Judah/Israel (1 Kings 15:1–16:22)

C. The Dynasty of Omri and Its Influence: The Rise and Fall of Baal Worship in Israel and Judah (1 Kings 16:23–2 Kings 13:25)

1. The introduction of Baal worship (1 Kings 16:23–34)

2. The opposition of Elijah to Baal worship (1 Kings 17:1–2 Kings 1:18)

3. The influence of Elisha concerning the true God (2 Kings 2:1–9:13)

4. The overthrow of Baal worship in Israel (2 Kings 9:14–10:36)

5. The overthrow of Baal worship in Judah (2 Kings 11:1–12:21)

6. The death of Elisha (2 Kings 13:1–25)

D. Kings of Judah/Israel (2 Kings 14:1–15:38)

E. The Defeat and Exile of Israel by Assyria (2 Kings 16:1–17:41)

III. The Surviving Kingdom: The Kings of Judah (2 Kings 18:1–25:21)

A. Hezekiah’s Righteous Reign (2 Kings 18:1–20:21)

B. Manasseh’s and Amon’s Wicked Reigns (2 Kings 21:1–26)

C. Josiah’s Righteous Reign (2 Kings 22:1–23:30)

D. The Defeat and Exile of Judah by Babylon (2 Kings 23:31–25:21)

IV. Epilogue: The People’s Continued Rebellion and the Lord’s Continued Mercy (2 Kings 25:22–30)

The Kings of Israel and Judah
United Kingdom
Saul 1 Samuel 9:1–31:13; 1 Chronicles 10:1–14
David 2 Sa; 1 Kings 1:1–2:9; 1 Chronicles 11:1–29:30
Solomon 1 Kings 2:10–11:43; 2 Chronicles 1:1–9:31
Northern Kingdom (Israel)
Jeroboam I 1 Kings 12:25–14:20
Nadab 1 Kings 15:25–31
Baasha 1 Kings 15:32–16:7
Elah 1 Kings 16:8–14
Zimri 1 Kings 16:15–20
Tibni 1 Kings 16:21, 22
Omri 1 Kings 16:21–28
Ahab 1 Kings 16:29–22:40


1 Kings 22:51–53; 2 Kings 1:1–18

Jehoram; Joram 2 Kings 2:1–8:15
Jehu 2 Kings 9:1–10:36
Jehoahaz 2 Kings 13:1–9
Jehoash; Joash 2 Kings 13:10–25
Jeroboam II 2 Kings 14:23–29
Zechariah 2 Kings 15:8–12
Shallum 2 Kings 15:13–15
Menahem 2 Kings 15:16–22
Pekahiah 2 Kings 15:23–26
Pekah 2 Kings 15:27–31
Hoshea 2 Kings 17:1–41
Southern Kingdom (Judah)


1 Kings 12:1–14:31; 2 Chronicles 10:1–12:16

Abijam (Abijah) 1 Kings 15:1–8; 2 Chronicles 13:1–22
Asa 1 Kings 15:9–24; 2 Chronicles 14:1–16:14
Jehoshaphat 1 Kings 22:41–50; 2 Chronicles 17:1–20:37
Jehoram; Joram 2 Kings 8:16–24; 2 Chronicles 21:1–20
Ahaziah 2 Kings 8:25–29; 2 Chronicles 22:1–9
Athaliah (Queen) 2 Kings 11:1–16; 2 Chronicles 22:1–23:21
Jehoash; Joash 2 Kings 11:17–12:21; 2 Chronicles 23:16–24:27
Amaziah 2 Kings 14:1–22; 2 Chronicles 25:1–28
Uzziah (Azariah) 2 Kings 15:1–7; 2 Chronicles 26:1–23


2 Kings 15:32–38; 2 Chronicles 27:1–9

Ahaz 2 Kings 16:1–20; 2 Chronicles 28:1–27
Hezekiah 2 Kings 18:1–20:21; 2 Chronicles 29:1–32:33
Manasseh 2 Kings 21:1–18; 2 Chronicles 33:1–20

2 Kings 21:19–26; 2 Chronicles 33:21–25

Josiah 2 Kings 22:1–23:30; 2 Chronicles 34:1–35:27
Jehoahaz 2 Kings 23:31–33; 2 Chronicles 36:1–4
Jehoiakim 2 Kings 23:34–24:7; 2 Chronicles 36:5–8
Jehoiachin 2 Kings 24:8–16; 2 Chronicles 36:9, 10
Zedekiah 2 Kings 24:18–25:21; 2 Chronicles 36:11–21





1.Israel before the Monarchy

2.Prelude to Monarchy

3.The First King: Saul

4.David's Rise to Power

5.David's Later Years

6.The Reign of Solomon

7.The Early Divided Monarchy

8.Syria Rampant


RAYMOND SAXE - sermon notes

  • 1 Kings 17:1 (pdf)
  • 1 Kings 17:2-7 (pdf)
  • 1 Kings 17:8-16 (pdf)
  • 1 Kings 17:17-24 (pdf)
  • 1 Kings 18:1-16 (pdf)
  • 1 Kings 18:17-40 (pdf)
  • 1 Kings 19:1-8 (pdf)
  • 1 Kings 19:9-18 (pdf)
  • 1 Kings 19:15-21 (pdf)
  • 1 Kings 21:1-29 (pdf)


Excerpt - How do I apply this? Solomon was known as the wisest man of his day. He was arguably the wealthiest man of his time. He enjoyed God’s favor in many ways, yet his legacy is tarnished by the faithlessness he displayed in his later years. In direct contradiction to God’s command for a king not to “multiply wives” (Deuteronomy 17:17), Solomon married many foreign women. First Kings laments, “When Solomon was old, his wives turned his heart away after other gods” (1Ki 11:4). Solomon began to rely on his fortune, his military might, and his political alliances instead of the God who gave all of those blessings to him. He focused on the gifts, forgetting the Giver. How often do you do the same? Are there any direct commands from God you are ignoring? Today, take time to recall the blessings in your life, and then thank the Lord for them. Rely on Him, not your possessions or position, as your source of strength and significance. Some trust in chariots and some in horses, but we trust in the name of the LORD our God. (Psalm 20:7NIV)


ALEXANDER WHYTE'S Dictionary of Bible Characters in 1 Kings


1 Kings



LIFEWAY - sermons











  • 1 Kings 1:5-9, 41-53 ADONIJAH; or, THE CONQUERED REBEL. .
  • 1 Kings 12:26-33 A MAN-MADE RELIGION. .
  • 1 Kings 14:1-17 PRAYING IN DISGUISE. .
  • 1 Kings 17:2-6 ELIJAH, THE HIDDEN ONE.
  • 1 Kings 17:7-16 ELIJAH, THE FAITHFUL.
  • 1 Kings 17:17-24 ELIJAH, THE REVIVER.
  • 1 Kings 18:41-46 ELIJAH, THE INTERCESSOR.
  • 1 Kings 19:1-8 ELIJAH, THE DOWNCAST.
  • 1 Kings 19:9-16 ELIJAH REBUKED. .
  • 1 Kings 19:16-21 THE CALL OF ELISHA.
  • 1 Kings 21:15-29 ELIJAH, THE REPROVER.




























Elijah J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 17:1
Elijah Before Ahab J. Parker, D. D. 1 Kings 17:1
Elijah Before the King L. A. Banks, D. D. 1 Kings 17:1
Elijah Standing Before the Lord A. Maclaren, D. D. 1 Kings 17:1
Elijah, the Model Reformer R. Newton, D. D. 1 Kings 17:1
Standing Alone A. Maclaren, D. D. 1 Kings 17:1
The Hero Prophet G. Adams. 1 Kings 17:1
The Messenger of Jehovah A. Rowland 1 Kings 17:1
The Preacher -- an Ambassador Bishop Simpson. 1 Kings 17:1
The Source of Elijah's Strength F. B. Meyer, M. A. 1 Kings 17:1
Elijah the Tishbite J. Waite 1 Kings 17:1-6
Elijah's Advent and Service J. Urquhart 1 Kings 17:1-6
First Preparation of Elijah for His Great Mission E. De Pressense 1 Kings 17:1-7
Strange Provision in a Sad Necessity A. Rowland 1 Kings 17:2-4
Resources of Providence J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 17:2-6
Beside the Drying Brook F. B. Meyer, B. A. 1 Kings 17:2-7
Elijah and the Famine J. H. Wood. 1 Kings 17:2-7
Elijah At Cherith The Study and the Pulpit 1 Kings 17:2-7
Elijah At Cherith The Study and the Pulpit 1 Kings 17:2-7
God's Care of Elijah M. B. Chapman. 1 Kings 17:2-7
It was the Water that Failed, not the Ravens F. S. Webster, M. A. 1 Kings 17:2-7
The Word of the Lord L. A. Banks, D. D. 1 Kings 17:2-7
Elijah Fed by Ravens Homilist 1 Kings 17:6
Elijah Led by Ravens Homilist 1 Kings 17:6
The Battle for Bread T. De Witt Talmage, D. D. 1 Kings 17:6
The Widow of Zidon J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 17:7-9
Divine Care J. Urquhart 1 Kings 17:7-16
Second Preparation of Elijah E. De Pressense 1 Kings 17:7-24
Gracious People Outside the Church H. O. Mackey. 1 Kings 17:9
Lessons from the Obedient Widow W. Hoyt, D. D. 1 Kings 17:9

Ordered to Zarephath

F. B. Meyer, M. A. 1 Kings 17:9
The Widow of Zarephath G. M. Grant, B. D. 1 Kings 17:9
The Widow of Zarephath R. Young, M. A. 1 Kings 17:9
The Barrel of Meal J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 17:10-16
Divine Care J. Urquhart 1 Kings 17:7-16
Second Preparation of Elijah E. De Pressense 1 Kings 17:7-24
Faith Tested The Thinker 1 Kings 17:13
Modern Liberality, and the Widow of Zarephath G. Venables. 1 Kings 17:15
Entertaining a Stranger J. Waite 1 Kings 17:16
The Barrel of Meal and the Cruse of Oil H. J. Martyn. 1 Kings 17:16
The Cruse that Never Jails L. A. Banks, D. D. 1 Kings 17:16
The Inexhaustible Barrel Spurgeon, Charles Haddon 1 Kings 17:16
The Inexhaustible Barrel Charles Haddon Spurgeon 1 Kings 17:16
The Miracle is Zarephath M. B. Chapman. 1 Kings 17:16
The Widow's Barrel of Meal H. Allon. 1 Kings 17:16
The Widow's Cruse A. Rowland 1 Kings 17:16
The Reproaches of Death J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 17:17, 18
Affliction and its Fruits J. Urquhart 1 Kings 17:17-24
Germs of Thought Homilist 1 Kings 17:17-24
Life from the Dead J. Waite 1 Kings 17:17-24
Out of the Depths F. S. Webster, M. A. 1 Kings 17:17-24
Raising the Widow's Son Thomas Cain. 1 Kings 17:17-24
The Dead Made Alive L. A. Banks, D. D. 1 Kings 17:17-24
The Test of the Home-Life F. B. Meyer, M. A. 1 Kings 17:17-24
The Sign of the Widow's Son J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 17:19-24
Prayer for the Dead A. Rowland 1 Kings 17:21
Charged with Blessing   1 Kings 17:24
Elijah M. G. Pearse. 1 Kings 17:24
Second Preparation of Elijah E. De Pressense 1 Kings 17:7-24








The Cry for Life J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 18:1-6
Ahab, Obadiah, and Elijah J. Parker, D. D. 1 Kings 18:1-18
Elijah and the Prophets of Baal E. De Pressense 1 Kings 18:1-46
A Noble Character J. J. Wray. 1 Kings 18:3
Grace Superior to the Forces of Environment W. L. Watkinson. 1 Kings 18:3
Obadiah W. S. Davis. 1 Kings 18:3
Standing Alone   1 Kings 18:3
Unheroic Christianity F. B. Meyer, B. A. 1 Kings 18:3
Separated: and no Tears At the Parting J. T. Davidson, D. D. 1 Kings 18:6
Obadiah J. Waite 1 Kings 18:7-16
The Servant of the Lord J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 18:7-16
Fearing the Lord from One's Youth J. T. Davidson, D. D. 1 Kings 18:12
Obadiah Alexander Maclaren 1 Kings 18:12
Obadiah; Or, Early Piety Eminent Piety Charles Haddon Spurgeon 1 Kings 18:12
The Fear of the Lord as Illustrated in the Character of Obadiah H. C. Cherry, M. A. 1 Kings 18:12
The Source of a Sinner's Trouble L. A. Banks, D. D. 1 Kings 18:17-18
The Troubler J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 18:17, 18
Deliverance from the Mouth of the Lion F. W. Krummacher, D. D. 1 Kings 18:17-20
Elijah Meeting Ahab Monday Club Sermons 1 Kings 18:17-20
Christ or Belial! J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 18:19-21
Elijah and the Prophets of Baal J. H. Cadoux. 1 Kings 18:19-40
Elijah and the Prophets of Baal C. J. Baldwin. 1 Kings 18:19-40
The Priests of Baal Monday Club Sermons 1 Kings 18:19-40
The Prophet of the Lord H. M. Booth, D. D. 1 Kings 18:19-40
A Call to Decision J. Caughey. 1 Kings 18:21
A Solemn Alternative J. Waite 1 Kings 18:21
An Undecided Character James, Psychology." 1 Kings 18:21
Decision for God D. Rowlands, B. A. 1 Kings 18:21
Decision of Character Ebenezer Temple. 1 Kings 18:21
Elijah on Carmel D. Merson, M. A., B. D. 1 Kings 18:21
Elijah's Appeal to the Undecided Spurgeon, Charles Haddon 1 Kings 18:21
Elijah's Appeal to the Undecided Spurgeon, Charles Haddon 1 Kings 18:21
Elijah's Appeal to the Undecided Charles Haddon Spurgeon 1 Kings 18:21
God's Call to Undecided Souls C. D. Marston. 1 Kings 18:21
Half-Purposes Hindrances to Conversion Baxter, Richard 1 Kings 18:21
Halting Between Two Opinions N. W. Taylor, D. D. 1 Kings 18:21
Immediate Decision Silas Henn. 1 Kings 18:21
Indecision Christian Observer 1 Kings 18:21
Indecision T. J. Judkin, M. A. 1 Kings 18:21
Indecision in Religion D. Barnes, D. D. 1 Kings 18:21
On the Fence in Religious Matters T. De Witt Talmage. 1 Kings 18:21
Religious Indecision A. Rowland 1 Kings 18:21
The Call for Decision Alexander Maclaren, D. D. 1 Kings 18:21
The Conflict on Carmel W. C. Minifie, B. D. 1 Kings 18:21
The Great Alternative William Clarkson, B. A. 1 Kings 18:21
The Prophet's Question W J. Mayers. 1 Kings 18:21
The God that Answereth by Fire J. Urquhart 1 Kings 18:21-40
The Test of Fire J.A. Macdonald

1 Kings 18:22-24

Altars and Altar Fires J. H. Jowett, M. A. 1 Kings 18:24
Elijah's Challenge J. Parker, D. D. 1 Kings 18:24
Fire from Heaven F. S. Webster, M. A. 1 Kings 18:24
The Fire of the Lord S. Chadwick. 1 Kings 18:24
The Fire of the Lord Charles Cross. 1 Kings 18:24
The God that Answereth by Fire M. G. Pearse. 1 Kings 18:24
The God that Answers by Fire J. Thomas, M. A. 1 Kings 18:24
The Trial by Fire Alexander Maclaren 1 Kings 18:25
The Failure J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 18:25-29
The Altar a Necessity H. O. Mackey. 1 Kings 18:30
The Destruction and Restoration of the Altar Homiletic Review 1 Kings 18:30
The Preparation J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 18:30-35
Elijah's Creed C. R. Seymour. 1 Kings 18:36
Elijah's Plea   1 Kings 18:36
Obeying Implicitly   1 Kings 18:36
Whom to Please   1 Kings 18:36
The Triumph J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 18:36-40
A Reformer's Temporary Successes Sunday School Teacher. 1 Kings 18:39
Christianity Acknowledged Supreme   1 Kings 18:39
The True Narrowness   1 Kings 18:40
Elijah an Example of the True Spirit of Prayer R. P. Buddicom, B. A. 1 Kings 18:41-46
Persevering Prayer Spurgeon, Charles Haddon 1 Kings 18:41-46
Prayers for Fire and for Water J. Parker, D. D. 1 Kings 18:41-46
Rain At Last F. B. Meyer, M. A. 1 Kings 18:41-46
The Coming Rain W. H. Hutchings, M. A. 1 Kings 18:41-46
The Conquest of Faith Preacher's Analyst 1 Kings 18:41-46
The Prayer of Faith Homiletic Magazine 1 Kings 18:41-46
The Rain Thomas Carr. 1 Kings 18:41-46
The Return of Blessing J. Urquhart 1 Kings 18:41-46
The Rustling and the Rain F. S. Webster, M. A. 1 Kings 18:41-46
The Sound of Rain J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 18:41-46
Answers to Prayer Expected J. Ellis. 1 Kings 18:43-44
Expectant Prayers Andrew Murray. 1 Kings 18:43-44
The Servant of Elijah R. Young, M. A. 1 Kings 18:43-44
The Weather Watcher H. O. Mackey. 1 Kings 18:43-44
Elijah's Prayer for Rain A. Rowland 1 Kings 18:44







Elijah's Weakness, and its Cube Alexander Maclaren 1 Kings 19:1
Elijah's Prayer for Death J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 19:1-8
The Prophet's Despair J. Urquhart 1 Kings 19:1-8
The Desponding Prophet J. Waite 1 Kings 19:1-18
Avoiding the Shadows A. Caldwell. 1 Kings 19:3-18
Discouragement D. L. Moody. 1 Kings 19:3-18
Elijah in the Wilderness Spurgeon, Charles Haddon 1 Kings 19:3-18
Elijah's Depression H. Woodcock. 1 Kings 19:3-18
How the Mighty Fell F. B. Meyer, M. A. 1 Kings 19:3-18
Loneliness in Religious Depression U. R. Thomas. 1 Kings 19:3-18
The Despondent Prophet C. M. Merry 1 Kings 19:3-18
The Flight into the Wilderness F. S. Webster, M. A. 1 Kings 19:3-18
The Flight to the Wilderness J. R. Macduff, D. D. 1 Kings 19:3-18
Elijah's Singular Request T. Hughes. 1 Kings 19:4
The Causes of Despondency A. Rowland 1 Kings 19:4
The Order of the Juniper Tree W. L. Watkinson. 1 Kings 19:4
Loving-Kindness Better than Life F. B. Meyer, B. A. 1 Kings 19:5
God's Considerateness of Our Frailty Helps for Speakers. 1 Kings 19:7
Heart-Weariness in the Journey of Life T. Campbell Finlayson, D. D. 1 Kings 19:7
Juniper Trees Lyman Abbott, D. D. 1 Kings 19:7
The Journey of Life T. Allen. 1 Kings 19:7
The Weary Child J. A. Kerr Bain, M. A. 1 Kings 19:7
Elijah's Repast F. Close, M. A. 1 Kings 19:8
Thought, on Life Homilist 1 Kings 19:8
A Question from God for the Consideration of Man A. Rowland 1 Kings 19:9
Doest Thou Here? John Percival 1 Kings 19:9
A Call to Self-Knowledge Thomas Spurgeon. 1 Kings 19:9-12
A Question from God S. Martin. 1 Kings 19:9-12
Elijah in the Cave Homilist 1 Kings 19:9-12
God Manifesting Himself to Man Preacher's Analyst 1 Kings 19:9-12
The Responsibility of Man as an Agent Homilist 1 Kings 19:9-12
Elijah At Horeb J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 19:9-18
Elijah At Horeb J. Urquhart 1 Kings 19:9-18
Alone, Yet not Atone   1 Kings 19:10
God's Cure for Depression Trevor H. Davies. 1 Kings 19:10
Impatience of Results   1 Kings 19:10
The Strength and Weakness of Human Sympathy J. G. Rogers, B. A. 1 Kings 19:10
God's Gentle Power Charles Haddon Spurgeon 1 Kings 19:11
Elijah At Horeb Monday Club 1 Kings 19:11-21
Elijah's Vision R. Thomas, M. A. 1 Kings 19:11-21
God's Manifestation to Elijah At Horeb Outlines from Sermons by a London Minister 1 Kings 19:11-21
Some Mistakes Regarding the Earthquake Homiletic Review 1 Kings 19:11-21
The Disclosure on the Mount The Study and the Pulpit 1 Kings 19:11-21
Upon the Mount F. S. Webster, M. A. 1 Kings 19:11-21
A More Excellent Way A. Moorhouse, M. A. 1 Kings 19:12
Christianity -- a Voice R. Williams. 1 Kings 19:12
God Heard in the Still Small Voice E. Payson, D. D. 1 Kings 19:12
God's Whisper T. Spurgeon. 1 Kings 19:12
Quiet Churches J. Parker, D. D. 1 Kings 19:12
The Power of Quiet Forces J. M. La Bach. 1 Kings 19:12
The Power of Silent Influence J. H. Hughes. 1 Kings 19:12
The Still Small Voice A. Clark. 1 Kings 19:12
The Still Small Voice J. H. Hitchens. 1 Kings 19:12
The Still Small Voice W. H. Lewis, D. D. 1 Kings 19:12
The Still Small Voice J. Macnaught. 1 Kings 19:12
The Still Small Voice F. B. Meyer, B. A. 1 Kings 19:12
The Still Small Voice J. H. Jowett, M. A. 1 Kings 19:12
The Still Small Voice T. Davis, M. A. 1 Kings 19:12
The Still Small Voice A. Rowland 1 Kings 19:12
Through Storm to Calm F. W. Robertson. 1 Kings 19:12
Go, Return F. B. Meyer, B. A. 1 Kings 19:15
Return to Duty J. R. Macduff, D. D. 1 Kings 19:15
Christians Unknown to the World R. Venting. 1 Kings 19:18
God's Hidden Ones Spurgeon, Charles Haddon 1 Kings 19:18
Hidden Saintship W. Denton, M. A. 1 Kings 19:18
The Faithful Seven Thousand T. Cain. 1 Kings 19:18
The Seven Thousand J. R. Macduff,D. D. 1 Kings 19:18
The Unknown Quantity D. G. Watt, M. A. 1 Kings 19:18
God's Manifestation to Elijah At Horeb Outlines from Sermons by a London Minister 1 Kings 19:11-21
Some Mistakes Regarding the Earthquake Homiletic Review 1 Kings 19:11-21
The Disclosure on the Mount The Study and the Pulpit 1 Kings 19:11-21
Upon the Mount F. S. Webster, M. A. 1 Kings 19:11-21
A Young Man's Call L A. Banks, D. D. 1 Kings 19:19-21
Abel-Meholah W. M. Taylor, D. D. 1 Kings 19:19-21
Called F. S. Webster, M. A. 1 Kings 19:19-21
Christian Influences R. J. Knowling, D. D. 1 Kings 19:19-21
Human Friendship George Matheson. 1 Kings 19:19-21
The Call of Elisha G. T. Coster. 1 Kings 19:19-21
The Call of Elisha J. R. Macduff, D. D. 1 Kings 19:19-21
The Call of Elisha J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 19:19-21
The Call of Elisha J. Waite 1 Kings 19:19-21
The Husbandman of Abel-Meholah A. Edersheim, M,A. , D. D. 1 Kings 19:19-21
The Prophet's Call J. Urquhart 1 Kings 19:19-21







The Spirit of War J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 20:1-11
The Hand of God J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 20:1-21
Veiled Mercies J. Urquhart 1 Kings 20:1-21
Ben-Hadad: Boastful Beginnings and Bitter Endings Fredk. Hastings. 1 Kings 20:11
Confirmation D. J. Vaughan, M. A. 1 Kings 20:11
Girding on the Harness A. Raleigh, D. D. 1 Kings 20:11
Girding on the Harness Spurgeon, Charles Haddon 1 Kings 20:11
Overrating Oneself T. De Witt Talmage. 1 Kings 20:11
Putting on the Armour A. Maclaren, D. D. 1 Kings 20:11
The War of Life David MacEwan, D. D. 1 Kings 20:11
Step in Anywhere Signal. 1 Kings 20:17
Young Men Encouraged to Band Together for the Holy War E. Bickersteth, M. A. 1 Kings 20:17
Made Strong for Life's Battle L. A. Banks, D. D. 1 Kings 20:22-23
The Source of Strength Helps to Speakers. 1 Kings 20:22-23
Wisdom in Counsel J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 20:22-30
Resisted Mercy J. Urquhart 1 Kings 20:22-43
The Coming Religion T. De Witt Talmage, D. D. 1 Kings 20:27
A Mistaken Inference W. A. Gray. 1 Kings 20:28-30
God of the Hills and God of the Valleys Spurgeon, Charles Haddon 1 Kings 20:28-30
The Universal God J. Parker, D. D. 1 Kings 20:28-30
False Mercy J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 20:30-43
Lying At the Catch Bunyan, John 1 Kings 20:33
Observing the King's Word Spurgeon, Charles Haddon 1 Kings 20:33
A Lost Opportunity J. Dymond. 1 Kings 20:40
Busy Here and There D. Davies. 1 Kings 20:40
Gone. Gone for Ever Spurgeon, Charles Haddon 1 Kings 20:40
Inconsiderately Busy G. Hedges, D. D. 1 Kings 20:40
Losses Arising from Absorbtion in Business Homilist 1 Kings 20:40
Lost Opportunities A. F. Barfield. 1 Kings 20:40
Lost Opportunities Canon O'Meare. 1 Kings 20:40
The Lost Opportunity J. Wilbur Chapman 1 Kings 20:40
The Neglected Opportunity A. Rowland 1 Kings 20:40
The Opportunity Which Escaped L A. Banks, D. D. 1 Kings 20:40
The Parable of the Wounded Prophet Outlines from Sermons by a London Minister 1 Kings 20:40
The Value of Opportunity, and Our Obligation to Improve I J. A. James. 1 Kings 20:40




Covetousness J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 21:1-4
First Steps in the Path of Crime J. Urquhart 1 Kings 21:1-4
The Progress of Sin A. Rowland 1 Kings 21:1-24
The Progress of Sin A. Rowland 1 Kings 21:1-24
Ahab's Garden of Herbs G. T. Coster. 1 Kings 21:2-16
In Naboth's Vineyard A. Moorhouse, M. A. 1 Kings 21:2-16
Mastery of Self   1 Kings 21:2-16
Naboth's Vineyard C. S. Horne, M. A. 1 Kings 21:2-16
Naboth's Vineyard J. Parker, D. D. 1 Kings 21:2-16
Naboth's Vineyard and Ahab's Covetousness G. E. Merrill. 1 Kings 21:2-16
Our Desires May Undo Us Thomas Wilde. 1 Kings 21:2-16
The Discontented Man C H. Spurgeon. 1 Kings 21:2-16
The Story of Naboth's Vineyard T. B. Stephenson, D. D. , LL. D. 1 Kings 21:2-16
Voices from Naboth's Vineyard J. R. Macduff, D. D. 1 Kings 21:2-16
The Reply of Naboth, and its Lessons W. D. Horwood. 1 Kings 21:3
A Cure for the Dumps W. Birch. 1 Kings 21:5
Nemesis of a Selfish Life J. H. Jowett. 1 Kings 21:5
The Tyranny of Self Great Thoughts 1 Kings 21:5
Voices from Naboth's Vineyard J. R. Macduff, D. D. 1 Kings 21:2-16
A Sinful Nation J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 21:5-14
Sin's Friendships, and What They Lead to J. Urquhart 1 Kings 21:5-14
Wifely Ambition, Good and Bad T. De Witt Talmage, D. D. 1 Kings 21:7
Wives Who Mar Their Husbands T. De Witt Talmage, D. D. 1 Kings 21:7
Divine Inquisition J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 21:15-24
Guilt and Mercy J. Urquhart 1 Kings 21:15-29
Elijah's Mission of Judgment F. B. Meyer, B. A. 1 Kings 21:17-19
Elijah Charles Kingsley 1 Kings 21:19
Ahab and Elijah A. Maclaren, D. D. 1 Kings 21:20
Blind to One's Own Guilt Canon Liddon, D. D. 1 Kings 21:20
Naboth's Vineyard J. Waite 1 Kings 21:20
Success that Fails J. Parker, D. D. 1 Kings 21:20
The Tragedy of Jezreel A. R. Symonds, M. A. 1 Kings 21:20
Ahab Patrick Morrison. 1 Kings 21:25
Ahab's Repentance J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 21:25-29
Ahab Homilist 1 Kings 21:27
Ahab's Repentance F. W. Krummacher, D. D. 1 Kings 21:27
Ahab's Repentance, and Punishment Deferred J. S. M. Anderson, M. A. 1 Kings 21:27
Ahab's Sin and Repentance W. M. Taylor, D. D. 1 Kings 21:27
Repentance of Ahab H. Kollock, D. D. 1 Kings 21:27
Partial Penitence A. Rowland 1 Kings 21:27-29


Bad Company J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 22:1-8
Crime Brings its Own Punishment J. Urquhart 1 Kings 22:1-28
Character of Jehoshaphat R. S. Candlish, D. D. 1 Kings 22:2-50
The Character of Ahab R. S. Candlish, D. D. 1 Kings 22:2-50
Possessions Unenjoyed   1 Kings 22:3
Privileges Unenjoyed Hartley Aspen. 1 Kings 22:3
Unappropriated Blessings The Christian World 1 Kings 22:3
Unpossessed Possessions A. Maclaren, D. D. 1 Kings 22:3
Appeal to the Prophets in Time of Crisis   1 Kings 22:5
Ahab and Micaiah Alexander Maclaren 1 Kings 22:7
Aim in Preaching   1 Kings 22:8
An Unpleasant View Blocked Up Sword and Trowel. 1 Kings 22:8
Dislike to the Preacher Spurgeon, Charles Haddon 1 Kings 22:8
Hostility to Truth Lies in the Will Canon Liddon. 1 Kings 22:8
Loyalty to Truth The Duke of Wellington. 1 Kings 22:8
Micaiah Prophesying Evil C. Girdlestone, M. A. 1 Kings 22:8
Preachers for the Times Quiver. 1 Kings 22:8
Standing Alone H. O. Mackey. 1 Kings 22:8
The Hated Prophet of Evil J. Waite, B. A. 1 Kings 22:8
Truth Most Required A. Maclaren, D. D. 1 Kings 22:8
The False and the True J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 22:9-14
Enmity to Truth Homiletic Magazine 1 Kings 22:13-14
Prophets of Smooth Speech J. J. Ingram. 1 Kings 22:13-14
Resisting Conviction   1 Kings 22:13-14
Micaiah's Prophecy J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 22:15-23
A Prophet's Vision and a King's Blindness L A. Banks, D. D. 1 Kings 22:19
Council in Heaven G. Venables. 1 Kings 22:19
The Argument of Wickedness J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 22:24-29
Imprisoned Conscience A. Maclaren, D. D. 1 Kings 22:27
Persecuting the Truth-Teller   1 Kings 22:27
The Certainty of God's Threatenings J. Urquhart 1 Kings 22:29-40
Lessons of the Battle J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 22:30-38
A Bow At a Venture The Study 1 Kings 22:34
Joints of the Harness Thomas Wilde. 1 Kings 22:34
Providence in Accidents A. Roberts, M. A. 1 Kings 22:34
The Pierced Armour A. Rowland 1 Kings 22:34
Venture in Christian Work T. H. Darlow. 1 Kings 22:34
The End of Ahab J. Parker, D. D. 1 Kings 22:37
Survival J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 22:39, 40, 51-53
Jehoshaphat J.A. Macdonald 1 Kings 22:41-50
Two Life Stories J. Urquhart 1 Kings 22:41-53
Jehoshaphat's Wrecked Ships G. T. Coster. 1 Kings 22:48
The Broken Ships H. Burton, M. A. 1 Kings 22:48
The Lessons of Adversity W. L. Watkinson. 1 Kings 22:48
The Peril of All Mercantile Enterprises Apart from Religious Principle S. Jenner, M. A. 1 Kings 22:48
The Shipwreck At Ezion-Geber J. T. Davidson, D. D. 1 Kings 22:48
Jeroboam Homilist 1 Kings 22:52
The Extent of Man's Responsibility for the Sins of His Neighbour R. H. Davis. 1 Kings 22:52






These are excellent maps with events marked on many of the maps

The Kingdom of David and Solomon

The Kingdoms of Israel and Judah

Judah Alone amid International Powers

The Babylonian Exile


  • 1 Kings Commentary - RECOMMENDED - 416 pages - Go to page for list of multiple illustrations on page 397 under "I" in the index

1 Kings

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Church Pulpit Commentary
1 Kings

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1 Kings

Book of 1 King

Show Thyself A Man 1 Kings 2:1-4 Father, Godly; Man, Christian Paul E. Brown
Becoming A Man 1 Kings 2:2 Manhood; Father's Day; Family Alan Stewart
The Mutual Benefits of Sharing 1 Kings 7:1-9 Soul Winning; Witnessing; Missions; Great Commission Nelson Price
God Is Still In Charge 1 Kings 17 Sovereignty of God; Care, God's Mike Rasberry
False Gods Give No Answers 1 Kings 18:20-29 Idols; Gods, False; Peace; Hope Dwight Reighard
Lord, Let the Fire Fall 1 Kings 18:21-24 Relevance; Revival Donnie L. Martin
Let The Fire Fall 1 Kings 18:38 Revival; Renewal Gene Edwards
Elijah Syndrome 1 Kings 19:1-18 Loneliness; Elijah; Peace of God; Renewal Frank Page
The Giant of Depression 1 Kings 19:18 Depression; Sadness Denis Lyle

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1 Kings

Devotionals and Expositions
1 Kings

Studies in the Books of 1st and 2nd Kings

1 Kings Studies

Structural Outline

  1. I. The Reign of Solomon (1 Kings 1:1-11:43)
    1. A. Solomon's Succession to the Throne (1 Kings 1:1-2:12)
      1. 1. Solomon Becomes King Against Opposition (1 Kings 1:1-53)
      2. 2. David's Charge to Solomon (1 Kings 2:1-9)
      3. 3. David's Death and Burial (1 Kings 2:10-12)
    2. B. Solomon's Blessing of Consolidation (1 Kings 2:13-46)
      1. 1. Adonijah (1 Kings 2:13-25)
      2. 2. Abiathar (1 Kings 2:26-27)
      3. 3. Joab (1 Kings 2:28-35)
      4. 4. Shimei (1 Kings 2:36-46)
    3. C. Solomon's Establishment of Worship (1 Kings 3:1-9:25)
      1. 1. Sacrificing Before Temple Construction (1 Kings 3:1-3)
      2. 2 Solomon's Astounding Wisdom (1 Kings 3:4-4:34)
        1. a. Solomon's Gift of Wisdom (1 Kings 3:4-15)
        2. b. Solomon's Judicial Wisdom (1 Kings 3:16-28)
        3. c. Solomon's Domestic Political Wisdom (1 Kings 4:1-28)
        4. d. Solomon's International Wisdom (1 Kings 4:29-34)
      3. 3. Solomon's Temple and Palace (1 Kings 5:1-9:23)
        1. a. Those Serving Solomon in Preparations (1 Kings 5:1-18)
          1. (1) Hiram (1 Kings 5:1-12)
          2. (2) Conscripted Laborers (1 Kings 5:13-18)
        2. b. Construction of the Temple and Palace (1 Kings 6:1-7:51)
          1. (1) The Temple Construction (1 Kings 6:1-38)
          2. (2) The Palace Construction (1 Kings 7:1-12)
          3. (3) Furnishings for the Temple (1 Kings 7:13-51)
        3. c. Dedication of the Temple (1 Kings 8:1-9:9)
          1. (1) Solomon's Worship (1 Kings 8:1-66)
            1. (a) Solomon's Opening Ceremonies and Speech (1 Kings 8:1-21)
            2. (b) Solomon's Prayer (1 Kings 8:22-53)
            3. (c) Solomon's Closing Ceremonies and Speech (1 Kings 8:54-66)
          2. (2) God's Response (1 Kings 9:1-9)
        4. d. Those Who Served Solomon After Construction (1 Kings 9:10-23)
          1. (1) Hiram (1 Kings 9:10-14)
          2. (2) Conscripted Laborers (1 Kings 9:15-23)
      4. 4. Sacrificing After Temple Construction (1 Kings 9:24-25)
    4. D. Solomon's Desecration of Worship (1 Kings 9:26-11:13)
      1. 1. Solomon's International Involvements (1 Kings 9:26-10:29)
        1. a. The Queen of Sheba (1 Kings 9:26-10:13)
        2. b. Solomon's Wealth From International Relations (1 Kings 10:14-29)
      2. 2. Solomon's Idolatry in the Temple (1 Kings 11:1-13)
        1. a. Solomon's Foreign Wives and Idolatry (1 Kings 11:1-8)
        2. b. God's Response of Judgment (1 Kings 11:9-13)
    5. E. Solomon's Curse of Rebellions (1 Kings 11:14-40)
      1. 1. Hadad's Rebellion (1 Kings 11:14-22)
      2. 2. Rezon's Rebellion (1 Kings 11:23-25)
      3. 3. Jeroboam's Rebellion (1 Kings 11:26-40)
    6. F. Solomon's Death and Burial (1 Kings 11:41-43)
  2. II. The Divided Monarchy (1 Kings 12:1-2 Kings 17:41)
    1. A. The Secession of the Northern Tribes (1 Kings 12:1-24)
    2. B. In Israel (930-909 B.C.): Jeroboam I of Israel (1 Kings 12:25-14:20)
      1. 1. Jeroboam's False Worship Centers (1 Kings 12:25-33)
      2. 2. A Confirmed Prophetic Condemnation (1 Kings 13:1-34)
      3. 3. A Second Prophetic Condemnation (1 Kings 14:1-18)
      4. 4. Closing of Reign (14:19-20)
    3. C. In Judah (930-869 B.C.) (1 Kings 14:21-15:24)
      1. 1. Rehoboam of Judah (930-913 B.C.) (1 Kings 14:21-31)
        1. a. Opening of the Reign (1 Kings 14:21)
        2. b. Corruption of Worship (1 Kings 14:22-24)
        3. c. Judgment of Shishak Invasion (1 Kings 14:25-28)
        4. d. Closure of the Reign (1 Kings 14:29-31)
      2. 2. Abijah of Judah (913-910 B.C.) (1 Kings 15:1-8)
      3. 3. Asa of Judah (910-869 B.C.) (1 Kings 15:9-24)
    4. D. In Israel (909-853 B.C.) (1 Kings 15:25-22:40)
      1. 1. Nadab of Israel (909-908 B.C.) (1 Kings 15:25-32)
      2. 2. Baasha of Israel (908-886 B.C.) (1 Kings 15:33-16:7)
      3. 3. Elah of Israel (886-885 B.C.) (1 Kings 16:8-14)
      4. 4. Zimri of Israel (885 B.C.) (1 Kings 16:15-20)
      5. 5. Omri of Israel (885-874 B.C.) (1 Kings 16:21-28)
      6. 6. Ahab of Israel (874-853 B.C.) (1 Kings 16:29-22:40)
        1. a. Opening of the Reign (1 Kings 16:29-30)
        2. b. A Summary of Ahab's Sins (1 Kings 16:31-34)
        3. c. Ahab and Prophetic Condemnation (1 Kings 17:1-22:38)
          1. (1) Elijah's Early Ministry (1 Kings 17:1-24)
          2. (2) Elijah's Confrontation With the Prophets of Baal (1 Kings 18:1-46)
          3. (3) Elijah's Encounter With the Lord at Horeb (1 Kings 19:1-21)
          4. (4) Ahab's War With Aram and Prophetic Condemnation (1 Kings 20:1-43)
          5. (5) Naboth's Vineyard and Prophetic Condemnation (1 Kings 21:1-29)
          6. (6) Ahab's War With Aram and Micaiah's Prophetic Condemnation (1 Kings 22:1-38)
        4. d. Closure of the Reign (1 Kings 22:39-40)
    5. E. In Judah (869-848 B.C.): Jehoshaphat of Judah (1 Kings 22:41-50)
    6. F. In Israel (853-841 B.C.) 1 Kings (22:51-2 Kings 8:15)
      1. 1. Ahaziah (853-852 B.C.) (1 Kings 22:51-2 Kings 1:18)
        1. a. Opening of the Reign (1 Kings 22:51-53)
        2. b. Ahaziah's Prophetic Condemnation (2 Kings 1:1-17)
          1. (1) Ahaziah Seeks the Baal (2 Kings 1:1-2)
          2. (2) Elijah Intervenes (2 Kings 1:3-8)
          3. (3) Elijah Sends Fire From Heaven (2 Kings 1:9-17)
        3. c. Closure of the Reign (2 Kings 1:17-18)
      2. 2. The Transfer of Prophetic Ministry to Elisha (2 Kings 2:1-25)
        1. a. Elijah Succeeded by Elisha (2 Kings 2:1-18)
        2. b. Elisha's First Miracles (2 Kings 2:19-25)
      3. 3. Joram (852-841 B.C.) (2 Kings 3:1-8:15)
        1. a. Opening of Reign (2 Kings 3:1-3)
        2. b. Elisha's Service in Moabite War (2 Kings 3:4-27)
        3. c. Elisha's Ministry to the Needy (2 Kings 4:1-44)
          1. (1) Multiplies a Widow's Oil (2 Kings 4:1-7)
          2. (2) Raised a Shunammite's Dead Son to Life (2 Kings 4:8-37)
          3. (3) Restored a Poisoned Stew (2 Kings 4:38-41)
          4. (4) Fed the Multitude (2 Kings 4:42-44)
        4. d. Elisha Cures Naaman, a Gentile (2 Kings 5:1-27)
        5. e. Elisha, the Prophets, and the Syrian King (2 Kings 6:1-23)
          1. (1) Floating Axhead (2 Kings 6:1-7)
          2. (2) Blinded Arameans (2 Kings 6:8-23)
        6. f. Elisha and the Syrian Siege of Samaria (2 Kings 6:24-7:20)
        7. g. Elisha and the Shunammite Woman (2 Kings 8:1-6)
        8. h. Elisha and Hazael of Syria (2 Kings 8:7-15)
    7. G. In Judah (848-841 B.C.) (2 Kings 8:16-29)
      1. 1. Jehoram of Judah (848-841 B.C.) (2 Kings 8:16-24)
      2. 2. Ahaziah of Judah (841 B.C.) (2 Kings 8:25-29)
    8. H. In Israel (841-814 B.C.) (2 Kings 9:1-10:36)
      1. 1. Jehu of Israel (2 Kings 9:1-10:36)
        1. a. Elisha had Jehu Anointed (2 Kings 9:1-13)
        2. b. Jehu's Bloody Coup (2 Kings 9:14-37)
        3. c. Jehu Massacres Ahab's Family (2 Kings 10:1-17)
        4. d. Jehu's Campaign Against Baal Worship (2 Kings 10:18-33)
        5. e. Closure of Reign (2 Kings 10:34-36)
    9. I. In Judah (841-796 B.C.) (2 Kings 11:1-12:21)
      1. 1. The Coup Against Athaliah of Judah (841-835 B.C.) (2 Kings 11:1-21)
      2. 2. Joash of Judah (835-796 B.C.) (2 Kings 12:1-21)
    10. J. In Israel (814-782 B.C.) (2 Kings 13:1-25)
      1. 1. Jehoahaz of Israel (814-798 B.C.) (2 Kings 13:1-9)
      2. 2. Jehoash of Israel (798-782 B.C.) (2 Kings 13:10-25)
    11. K. In Judah (796-767 B.C.): Amaziah of Judah (2 Kings 14:1-22)
    12. L. In Israel (793-753 B.C.): Jeroboam II of Israel (2 Kings 14:23-29)
    13. M. In Judah (792-740 B.C.) Azariah of Judah (2 Kings 15:1-7)
    14. N. In Israel (753-732 B.C.) (2 Kings 15:8-31)
      1. 1. Zechariah of Israel (753 B.C.) (2 Kings 15:8-12)
      2. 2. Shallum of Israel (752 B.C.) (2 Kings 15:13-16)
      3. 3. Menachem of Israel (752-742 B.C.) (2 Kings 15:17-22)
      4. 4. Pekahiah of Israel (742-740 B.C.) (2 Kings 15:23-26)
      5. 5. Pekah of Israel (740-732 B.C.) (2 Kings 15:27-31)
    15. O. In Judah (750-715 B.C.) (2 Kings 15:32-16:20)
      1. 1. Jotham of Judah (750-735 B.C.) (2 Kings 15:32-38)
      2. 2. Ahaz of Judah (735-715 B.C.) (2 Kings 16:1-20)
    16. P. In Israel (732-722 B.C.): Hoshea of Israel (2 Kings 17:1-6)
    17. Q. The Exile of Israel (2 Kings 17:7-41)
      1. 1. Reflection on the Exile of Israel (2 Kings 17:7-23)
      2. 2. Resettlement by Assyrian Deportees (2 Kings 17:24-41)
  3. III. Judah Alone (715-586 B.C.) (2 Kings 18:1-25:30)
    1. A. Hezekiah (715-686 B.C.) (2 Kings 18:1-20:21)
      1. 1. Opening of the Reign (2 Kings 18:1-4)
      2. 2. Summary of Hezekiah's Reign (2 Kings 18:5-8)
      3. 3. Assyrian Invasions (2 Kings 18:9-20:19)
        1. a. The Fall of Samaria (2 Kings 18:9-12)
        2. b. Sennacherib's Invasion of Judah (2 Kings 18:13-20:19)
          1. (1) The Invasion of Judah (2 Kings 18:13-16)
          2. (2) The Attack on Jerusalem (2 Kings 18:17-37)
          3. (3) Divine Deliverance (2 Kings 19:1-37)
          4. (4) Hezekiah's Healing (2 Kings 20:1-11)
          5. (5) The Bablylonian Envoys (2 Kings 20:12-19)
      4. 4. Closure of the Reign (2 Kings 20:20-21)
    2. B. Manasseh (686-642 B.C.) (2 Kings 21:1-18)
      1. 1. Opening of the Reign (2 Kings 21:1-6)
      2. 2. Manasseh's Idolatry (2 Kings 21:7-9)
      3. 3. Manasseh's Prophetic Condemnation (2 Kings 21:10-15)
      4. 4. Manasseh's Violence (2 Kings 21:16)
      5. 5. Closure of the Reign (2 Kings 21:17-18)
    3. C. Amon (642-640 B.C.) (2 Kings 21:19-26)
    4. D. Josiah (640-609 B.C.) (2 Kings 22:1-23:30)
      1. 1. Opening of the Reign (2 Kings 22:1-2)
      2. 2. Repairing the Temple (2 Kings 22:3-20)
      3. 3. Reforms in Jerusalem, Judah, and Samaria (2 Kings 23:1-20)
      4. 4. Passover (2 Kings 23:21-27)
      5. 5. Closure and Battle With Neco (2 Kings 23:28-30)
    5. E. Jehoahaz (609 B.C.) (2 Kings 23:31-35)
    6. F. Jehoiakim (609-598 B.C.) (2 Kings 23:36-24:7)
    7. G. Jehoiachin (598-597 B.C.) (2 Kings 24:8-17)
    8. H. Zedekiah (597-586 B.C.) (2 Kings 24:18-20)
    9. I. The Exile of Judah (2 Kings 24:20-25:30)
      1. 1. Jerusalem's Destruction (2 Kings 24:20-25:21)
      2. 2. The Assassination of Gedaliah (2 Kings 25:22-26)
      3. 3. Jehoiachin's Release (2 Kings 25:27-30)

1 Kings 1

1 Kings 2

1 Kings 3

1 Kings 4

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1 Kings 8

1 Kings 9

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1 Kings 11

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1 Kings 13

1 Kings 14

1 Kings 15

1 Kings 16

1 Kings 17

1 Kings 18

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1 Kings 21

1 Kings 22

1 Kings

1 Kings

1 Kings

Steve Zeisler
Sermon Notes
1 Kings

Peninsula Bible Church



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