Hosea Commentaries & Sermons

Hosea's Unconditional Love for Gomer

Commentaries, Sermons, Illustrations, Devotionals

Click chart to enlarge

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Chart from recommended resource Jensen's Survey of the OT - used by permission

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 I.  The Prodigal Wife, Hosea 1:1-3:5 
   A.  Her Unfaithfulness, Hosea 1:1-11 
   B.  Her Punishment, Hosea 2:1-13 
   C.  Her Restoration and Israel's, Hosea 2:14-23 
   D.  Her Redemption, Hosea 3:1-5 
II.  The Prodigal People, Hosea 4:1-14:9 
   A.  The Message of Judgment, Hosea 4:1-10:15 
      1.  The indictment, Hosea 4:1-19 
      2.  The verdict, Hosea 5:1-15 
      3.  The plea of Israel, Hosea 6:1-3 
      4.  The reply of the Lord, Hosea 6:4-11 
      5.  The crimes of Israel, Hosea 7:1-16 
      6.  The prophecy of judgment, Hosea 8:1-10:15 
    B.  The Message of Restoration, Hosea 11:1-14:9 
      1.  God's love for the prodigal people, Hosea 11:1-11 
      2.  God's chastisement of the prodigal people, Hosea 11:12-13:16 
      3.  God's restoration of the prodigal people, Hosea 14:1-9 
      Ryrie Study Bible


Most of these books are newer resources which previously were available only in book form or purchasing in a Bible computer program. This is potentially a very useful resource to supplement your study. In general these books do not allow you to copy and paste. 

Note - NO CHARGE. But you must log in to borrow most of these books by creating a login account! Click picture of the person in right upper corner and set up your free login. Then you can read many excellent modern commentaries free of charge! After you have checked it out for an hour, in my experience you can usually check it out again which gives you sufficient time to read the section in which you are interested. 

Love to the loveless : the message of Hosea - Derek Kidner (1981) User reviews

Logos.com - “Go and marry a prostitute.” These are the first words God spoke to his prophet Hosea. Why would he ask this of one of his spokesmen? Because he wanted to teach Hosea, the nation of Israel, and all of us today a lesson that we will not forget, a lesson that is painful yet joyous. Hosea’s somber portrait of the human condition is our lesson in pain. All of us have played the harlot by forsaking God and His ways. The picture is not pretty, but it’s true. Yet Hosea’s clear illustration of God’s love for us brings joy. While we are yet sinners, God comes to us and loves us. Derek Kidner takes us through the unfolding story of Hosea and his wife, Gomer, explains the basic message, points out the subtleties, and encourages readers to live lives worthy of God who loves the loveless.

Hosea : the heart and holiness of God by Morgan, G. Campbell 29 ratings

Minor prophets of Israel : Jonah, Amos, Hosea by Jensen, Irving Lester

The minor prophets by Feinberg, Charles Lee Recommended. 80 ratings Cyril Barber writes "Formerly published between 1948 and 1952 in a series of volumes under the title Major Messages on the Minor Prophets, these studies have served well the needs of laypeople for more than thirty years." 

Taking God Seriously: Major Lessons from the Minor Prophets by Stuart Briscoe 12 ratings

KJV Bible Commentary - Hindson, Edward E; Kroll, Woodrow Michael. Over 3000 pages of the entire OT/NT - no restriction on length of time one can use  it. No copy and paste. Well done conservative commentary that interprets Scripture from a literal perspective (pre-millennial) Has nice, readable maps. See user reviews (ED: VERY USEFUL COMMENTS - BH)

Life application study Bible : New Living Translation. Has some very helpful notes. 4,445 ratings

New Bible Commentary - G. Michael Butterworth authored Hosea. (1994) See user reviews

NIV archaeological study Bible (2005) 2360 pages 950 ratings

The NIV study Bible by Barker, Kenneth L; Burdick, Donald W (1995) 2250 pages. Note this is the first edition. This resource has been fully revised in 2020. 

The Ryrie study Bible - Charles Ryrie (1978) 2142 pages. Conservative.  216 ratings

With the Word - Devotional Commentary - Warren Wiersbe - 428 ratings

Wycliffe Bible Commentary - Charles Pfeiffer - 1560 pages (1962). This book needs to be borrowed for an hour. Less detailed than the KJV Bible Commentary. 214 ratings

The MacArthur study Bible : new King James version - John MacArthur

The David Jeremiah study bible - (2013) 2208 pages. 2,272 ratings Logos.com - "Drawing on more than 40 years of study, Dr. David Jeremiah has compiled a legacy resource that will make an eternal impact on generations to come. 8,000 study notes. Hundreds of enriching word studies"50+ Essentials of the Christian Faith" articles."

NKJV Study Bible: New King James Version Study Bible by Radmacher, Earl D; Allen, Ronald Barclay; House, H. Wayne; 917 ratings Very helpful notes. Conservative.

ESV study Bible - Excellent resource but not always literal in eschatology and the nation of Israel 6,004 ratings

Wiersbe's expository outlines on the Old Testament by Wiersbe, Warren W

The Holy Spirit in the Old Testament - Leon Wood - 164 pages (1978). See user reviews




Be a Berean - Not Always Literal especially in prophetic passages. Almost 300 pages of anecdotes, illustrations, etc

Calvary Chapel

Conservative, Literal Interpretation

Same Resource in Different Format

Hosea 1 Hosea 2 Hosea 3 Hosea 4
Hosea 5 Hosea 6 Hosea 7 Hosea 8
Hosea 9 Hosea 10 Hosea 11 Hosea 12
Hosea 13 Hosea 14

Resources that Reference Hosea

Related to Hosea

Commentary on Hosea

Note: Calvin's prayers are excellent, and are very convicting - Suggestion: Read them aloud, very slowly and as a sincere prayer to the Almighty God. On the other hand the careful Berean (Acts 17:11-note) should be cautious when reading Calvin's comments, for he often interprets passages that in context clearly relate to the literal nation of Israel as if they spoke of the Church. Furthermore, he makes no mention of a future Millennial Reign of Messiah. (See disclaimer)

Commentary Notes on Hosea
T K Cheyne, 1884

Be cautious (Acts 17:11-note): Does not always interpret the Scripture literally and sometimes replaces Israel with the Church (note)

Commentary on Hosea

Be cautious (Acts 17:11-note): Does not always interpret the Scripture literally and sometimes replaces Israel with the Church (note)

Expository Notes on Hosea

Conservative, Literal Interpretation

Commentary on Hosea

Commentary on Hosea

Sermon Notes on Hosea

Conservative, Literal Interpretation

Israelology - Commentary on Israel

Note: This resource is listed because it has numerous commentary notes that relate to the OT Prophetic Books

Commentary on Hosea

Conservative, Literal Interpretation

I. The Rejection of Israel as an Adulterous Wife and Her Future Reception and Restoration - Hosea 1-3

Hosea 1 Commentary

  • Hosea 1 - Israel's Sin and Promise of Restoration
  • Hosea 1:1 The Introduction
  • Hosea 1:2-5 The Prophet's Marriage and Birth of Jezreel
  • Hosea 1:6-7 The Birth of Lo-Ruhamah
  • Hosea 1:8-9 The Birth of Lo-Ammi
  • Hosea 1:10-11 The Future Restoration

Hosea 2 Commentary

  • Hosea 2 - Appeal and Punishment for Unfaithfulness the Resumed Relationship
  • Hosea 2:1-5 The Appeal and Complaint
  • Hosea 2:6-13 The Punishment for Unfaithfulness
  • Hosea 2:14-23 The Resumed Relationship and Its Great Blessing

Hosea 3 Commentary

  • Hosea 3 - Israel's Past, Present and Future
  • Hosea 3:1-3 The Past
  • Hosea 3:4 The Present
  • Hosea 3:5 The Future

II. The Messages of Expostulation, Judgment and Mercy - Hosea 4–14

Hosea 4 Commentary

  • Hosea 4 - The Lord's Controversy with His People
  • Hosea 4:1-5 The Condition of the People
  • Hosea 4:6-11 The Loss of Their Relation
  • Hosea 4:12-19 Israel's Idolatry

Hosea 5 Commentary

  • Hosea 5-6:3 - The Message to the Priests, the People and the Royal House. Judgment, Affliction and the Future Return
  • Hosea 5:1-7 The Message of Rebuke
  • Hosea 5:8-15 The Judgment Announced
  • Hosea 6:1-3 The Future Return and the Blessing

Hosea 6 Commentary

  • Hosea 6:4-11 Divine Mourning Over Ephraim and Judah
  • Hosea 6:4-6 What Shall I Do to Thee?
  • Hosea 6:7-11 Their Transgressions

Hosea 7 Commentary

  • Hosea 7: The Moral Depravity of Israel
  • Hosea 7:1-7 Their Moral Depravity
  • Hosea 7:8-16 Mingling with Heathen Nations

Hosea 8 Commentary

  • Hosea 8-9:9: The Apostasy is Followed by Judgment
  • Hosea 8:1-7 The Judgment Announced
  • Hosea 8:8-14 The Apostasy Which Resulted in Judgment
  • Hosea 9:1-9 Warning Against Self Security

Hosea 9-10 Commentary

  • Hosea 9:10-11:11: Retrospect. Israel's Failure and Ruin
  • Hosea 9:10-17 Israel Once Beloved Now Fugitive Wanderers
  • Hosea 10:1-11 Their Guilt and Punishment
  • Hosea 10:12-15 Exhortation and Rebuke
  • Hosea 11:1-11 The Mercy of a Merciful God

Hosea 11-12 Commentary

  • Hosea 11:12-12:2: The Indictment
  • Hosea 11:12-12:2 Ephraim's Indictment
  • Hosea 12:3-6 Remembrance of the Past
  • Hosea 12:7-14 What Israel Had Become

Hosea 13 Commentary

  • Hosea 13: Ephraim's Ruin and Judgment
  • Hosea 13:1-8 Ruin and Judgment
  • Hosea 13:9-11 It is Thy Destruction, O Israel
  • Hosea 13:12-14 Mercy to Follow Wrath
  • Hosea 13:15-16 The Desolation of the Nearing Judgment

Hosea 14 Commentary

  • Hosea 14: The Return and the Glorious Redemption
  • Hosea 14:1-3 The Exhortation to Return
  • Hosea 14:5-9 The Glorious Redemption

Commentary on Hosea

Caution is advised (Acts 17:11-note): Does not always interpret the Scripture literally and all too often spiritualizes the text and replaces Israel with the Church (note)

Comments on the Commentary: John Gill unfortunately all too often offers a non-literal interpretation in the Old Testament (especially the prophetic books) as shown in the following example from Hosea 14:6 where "his" ("his shadow...his renown") from the context of the preceding verse (Hos 14:5) clearly refers to the literal nation of Israel. Gill writes that in Ho 14:6 "his shoots will sprout" refers to "the propagation of the church of God and the interest of Christ in the world". Yet there is nothing in the context that allows for the identification of "his" as the "church of God" (See Tony Garland's article on the Rise of Allegorical Interpretation). Comments of this ilk can be very misleading and cause one to completely miss God's one intended meaning of the passage! John Calvin, Matthew Henry and Adam Clarke are other older commentators who exhibit a similar propensity to allegorize the OT references to the literal nation of Israel as references to the New Testament church. These commentaries have some good material (Gill frequently injects interesting comments by Jewish writers) but clearly must be approached with a Berean mindset (Acts 17:11-note). The best rule to apply to the interpretation of these OT passages is to remember the maxim that if the plain sense of the text (the literal sense) makes good sense, seek to make no other sense lest it turn out to be nonsense!

Sermons on Hosea
Conservative, Literal Interpretation

Commentary on Hosea

Conservative, Literal Interpretation

to Hosea


  • Hosea 1:10 Numberless as the Sands
  • Hosea 3:5 Behold, the Heathen Waits to Know
  • Hosea 4:1 Our Guilt Do We Confess Today
  • Hosea 4:6 Long Have I Sat Beneath the Sound
  • Hosea 6:2 Kindly Spring Again Is Here
  • Hosea 6:3 Follow On
  • Hosea 9:13 God Made Me for Him­self
  • Hosea 10:12 Here from the World We Turn
  • Hosea 10:12 Sowing with Song and Prayer
  • Hosea 11:4 Blest Be the Tie That Binds
  • Hosea 11:4 I’ve Found a Friend
  • Hosea 11:4 Keep Me Ever Close to Thee
  • Hosea 13:14 Father of Heaven
  • Hosea 13:14 There’s a Hill Lone and Grey
  • Hosea 14:9 Oh, It Is Hard to Work for God

Commentary on Hosea

James Rosscup writes "This 1858 work supplies much help on matters of the text, word meaning, resolving some problems, etc. Some have found it one of the most contributive sources in getting at what a text means." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)

Commentary on Hosea

Be cautious (Acts 17:11-note): Does not always interpret the Scripture literally and sometimes replaces Israel with the Church (note) (Click example of his interpretative approach which is often allegorical) (Or another example)

Commentary on Hosea

Conservative, Literal

Commentary Critical and Explanatory

One of the more literal older commentaries


Sermon/Commentary Notes on Hosea

Conservative, Literal Interpretation

Commentary on the Old Testament on Hosea

See caveat regarding this commentary

James Rosscup writes that "This is the best older, overall treatment of a critical nature on the Old Testament Hebrew text verse by verse and is a good standard work to buy. The student can buy parts or the whole of this series. Sometimes it is evangelical, at other times liberal ideas enter." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)

Commentary on Hosea

Not Always Literal Interpretation

Commentary on Hosea
People Who Forgot God

Sermons on Hosea

Who is Alexander Maclaren (1826-1910)?

Thru the Bible
Commentary on Hosea

Mp3 Audio, Conservative, Literal Interpretation

Introduction Hosea 1 Hosea 2 Hosea 3
Hosea 4 Hosea 5 Hosea 6 Hosea 7
Hosea 8 Hosea 9 Hosea 10 Hosea11
Hosea 12 Hosea 13 Hosea 14

Our Daily Homily
Devotional Commentary
on Hosea


Conservative notes from Dr Morris who approaches the text seeking it's literal meaning in the context. Millennial. Click the words or phrases after the Scripture for the Study Notes and note that they are from the KJV translation.

Hosea 1 Study Notes

Hosea 2 Study Notes

Hosea 3 Study Notes

Hosea 4 Study Notes

Hosea 5 Study Notes

Hosea 6 Study Notes

Hosea 7 Study Notes

Hosea 8 Study Notes

Hosea 9 Study Notes

Hosea 10 Study Notes

Hosea 11 Study Notes

Hosea 12 Study Notes

Hosea 13 Study Notes

Hosea 14 Study Notes

Commentary on Hosea
Homiletics , Illustrations

Interesting Resource (eg, 24 pages of notes on Hosea 2) Be a Berean - Not Always Literal


Hosea 1 Critical Notes - scroll down as notes are divided by verse or verses.

Scroll down for following homilies

  • Hosea 1:1 The First Communication
  • Hosea 1:2 The Symbolic Language
  • Hosea 1:3-9 The Three Judgments
  • Hosea 1:6-7 Judgment and Mercy
  • Hosea 1:8-9 A Cast Off People
  • Hosea 1:10-11 The Good Time Coming
  • Hosea 1 Illustrations to Chapter 1

Hosea 2 Critical Notes - scroll down as notes are divided by verse or verses.

Scroll down for following homilies

  • Hosea 2:1-5 Filial Expostulation
  • Hosea 2:6-7 The Unsuccessful Pursuit
  • Hosea 2:5-7 The Backslider's Way Hedged Up
  • Hosea 2:8,9 God Dishonored in His Gifts to Men
  • Hosea 2:10 The Exposure of Folly
  • Hosea 2:11 Mirth Turned into Mourning
  • Hosea 2:12, 13 Prosperity Turned into Adversity
  • Hosea 2:14-16 Restoration to God
  • Hosea 2:17-20 The Good Time Coming
  • Hosea 2:21-23 The Universe Governed in the Interests of Humanity
  • Hosea 2 Illustrations to Chapter 2

Hosea 3 Critical Notes - scroll down as notes are divided by verse or verses.

Scroll down for following homilies

  • Hosea 3:1-5 The Wondrous Love
  • Hosea 3 Fear the Lord and His Goodness
  • Hosea 3 Illustrations to Chapter 3

Hosea 4 Critical Notes - scroll down as notes are divided by verse or verses.

Scroll down for following homilies

  • Hosea 4:1-5 God's Controversy with a Guilty People
  • Hosea 4:3-5 A Terrible Deprivation
  • Hosea 4:6 Ignorance of God: A Warning to the People & the Priests
  • Hosea 4:7-9 The Danger of Worldly Prosperity
  • Hosea 4:10-14 Sinful Indulgence
  • Hosea 4:15-17 The Doom of Some a Warning to Others
  • Hosea 4:18,19 The Bitterness and the Punishment of Sin
  • Hosea 4 Illustrations to Chapter 4

Hosea 5 Critical Notes - scroll down as notes are divided by verse or verses.

Scroll down for following homilies

  • Hosea 5:1-3 National Sins and Divine Detection
  • Hosea 5:4 The Power of Evil Habits
  • Hosea 5:5-7 God Testifying Against Man
  • Hosea 5:8-11 An Earnest Ministry the Want of the Times
  • Hosea 5:12 Destruction Slow and Sure
  • Hosea 5:13 National Sickness and Spurious Remedies
  • Hosea 5:14,15 Destruction Open and Violent
  • Hosea 5 Illustrations to Chapter 5

Hosea 6 Critical Notes - scroll down as notes are divided by verse or verses.

Scroll down for following homilies

  • Hosea 6:1-3 National Amendment
  • Hosea 6:1 Man's Highest Social Action
  • Hosea 6:4,5 Justice or Mercy?
  • Hosea 6:6 Mercy Not Sacrifice
  • Hosea 6:7 Covenant Breakers
  • Hosea 6:8-11 A Sad Transformation
  • Hosea 6 Illustrations to Chapter 6

Hosea 7 Critical Notes - scroll down as notes are divided by verse or verses.

Scroll down for following homilies

  • Hosea 7:1 A Sad Discovery
  • Hosea 7:2 Encircled in Sin
  • Hosea 7:4-7 Sin a Furnace of Fire
  • Hosea 7:8, 9 The Church Endangered and Injured by Worldly Association
  • Hosea 7:11-13 The Silliness of the Sinner
  • Hosea 7:12 The Fowler of Retribution
  • Hosea 7:13 Man's Weal and Woe
  • Hosea 7:14 The Howling of Distress
  • Hosea 7:15, 16 The Ungrateful Return
  • Hosea 7 Illustrations to Chapter 7

Hosea 8 Critical Notes - scroll down as notes are divided by verse or verses.

Scroll down for following homilies

  • Hosea 8:1 A Corrupt Church
  • Hosea 8:2 Vain Religion
  • Hosea 8:3-5 Forsaking Good and Pursuing Evil the Surest Way to Ruin!
  • Hosea 8:5,6 Idolatry: Its Origin, Effects and Destiny
  • Hosea 8:7,8 A Picture of Ungodly Life
  • Hosea 8:9, 10 The Folly of Worldly Alliance
  • Hosea 8:11-13 Aggravated Guilt
  • Hosea 8:11-12 Perversion of Worship
  • Hosea 8:14 Castles of False Security
  • Hosea 8 Illustrations to Chapter 8

Hosea 9 Critical Notes - scroll down as notes are divided by verse or verses.

Scroll down for following homilies

  • Hosea 9:1-4 The Sinner's Life a Joyless Life
  • Hosea 9:5 The Solemn Days of Life
  • Hosea 9:6, 7 A Sad Picture
  • Hosea 9:7-9 Days of Visitation
  • Hosea 9:10 Honoured and Dishonoured
  • Hosea 9:10 Separated Unto Shame
  • Hosea 9:11-14 The Glory and Grief of a People
  • Hosea 9:15-17 Great Wickedness and Great Punishment
  • Hosea 9 Illustrations to Chapter 9

Hosea 10 Critical Notes - scroll down as notes are divided by verse or verses.

Scroll down for following homilies

  • Hosea 10:1-4 The Abuse of Outward Prosperity
  • Hosea 10:4 Perjury Joined to Hypocrisy
  • Hosea 10:5-8 The Vanity of Earthly Glory
  • Hosea 10:9 Death Sometimes Preferable to Life
  • Hosea 10:9,10 Imitating the Sins and Suffering the Punishment of Others
  • Hosea 10:11 Seeking to Enjoy the Comforts and Refusing the Duties of Religion
  • Hosea 10:12, 13 The Call to Reformation of Life
  • Hosea 10:14, 15 The Evil of Evils
  • Hosea 10 Illustrations to Chapter 10

Hosea 11 Critical Notes - scroll down as notes are divided by verse or verses.

Scroll down for following homilies

  • Hosea 11:1-4 God's Paternal Care and Man's Ungrateful Return
  • Hosea 11:5,6 The Short-Sighted Policy of Sinners
  • Hosea 11:7 Bent on Backsliding
  • Hosea 11:8, 9 Divine Justice and Divine Mercy in Apparent Conflict for the Sinner
  • Hosea 11:10, 11 The Penitent's Return to God
  • Hosea 11:12 The True and the False Worshippers
  • Hosea 11 Illustrations to Chapter 11

Hosea 12 Critical Notes - scroll down as notes are divided by verse or verses.

Scroll down for following homilies

  • Hosea 12:1 Feeding Upon the Wind!
  • Hosea 12:3, 4 Imitating Examples of Progenitors
  • Hosea 12:5 The Memorial Name
  • Hosea 12:6 True Conversion to God
  • Hosea 12:7-9 Prosperity Unlawfully Gained and Abused Will Be Taken Away by God
  • Hosea 12:10 God's Method of Teaching the People
  • Hosea 12:11-14 Sins Reproved by the Virtues of Progenitors and Punished by the Providence of God
  • Hosea 12 Illustrations to Chapter 12

Hosea 13 Critical Notes - scroll down as notes are divided by verse or verses.

Scroll down for following homilies

  • Hosea 13:1-3 Self-Estimation the Measure of Religious Influence
  • Hosea 13:4 God the Only Saviour
  • Hosea 13:4 No Saviour Beside God
  • Hosea 13:5 Help in the Exigencies of Life
  • Hosea 13:5-8 Divine Goodness Turned Into Divine Wrath
  • Hosea 13:9 Moral Suicide and Divine Help
  • Hosea 13:10, 11 God the Only King
  • Hosea 13:12, 13 Iniquity Reserved for Future Punishment
  • Hosea 13:14 The Great Conquest
  • Hosea 13:15, 16 Earthly Fountains of Enjoyments Fail
  • Hosea 13 Illustrations to Chapter 13

Hosea 14 Critical Notes - scroll down as notes are divided by verse or verses.

Scroll down for following homilies

  • Hosea 14:1-3 Real Conversion to God Described
  • Hosea 14:4 Health and Divine Favor
  • Hosea 14:4 Grace Abounding
  • Hosea 14:5-7 Reviving Grace
  • Hosea 14:8 God in Relation to a Converted People
  • Hosea 14:9 The Ways of God and the Destinies of Man
  • Hosea 14 Illustrations to Chapter 14

Commentaries, Sermons, Devotionals
on Hosea


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Sample Articles




  • Hosea 1-3 Hosea's family; Restoration of Israel
  • Hosea 4 God's charge against Israel The Idolatry of Israel
  • Hosea 5 Impending Judgment on Israel and Judah
  • Hosea 6 A Call to Repentance; Penitence of Israel and Judah
  • Hosea 7 Impenitence of Israel and Judah
  • Hosea 8 The Apostasy of Israel
  • Hosea 9 Judgment of Israel's Sin
  • Hosea 10 Israel's Sin and Captivity
  • Hosea 11 God's Continuing Love for Israel; God's Charge against Ephraim
  • Hosea 12 God's Charge Against Ephraim
  • Hosea 13 Relentless Judgment on Israel
  • Hosea 14 Israel Restored at Last









  • Christ in All the Scriptures - in Hosea

    The prophet Hosea was a contemporary of Isaiah and continued to prophesy for sixty-five or seventy years. He was God's messenger to the northern kingdom of Israel and only mentions Judah incidentally. He addresses Israel sometimes as ''Samaria'' and ''Jacob'' and ''Ephraim''-- the last because that tribe was the largest of the ten and the leader in rebellion. The book abounds in expressive metaphors. Ephraim is ''a cake not turned,'' ''a silly dove without a heart''; her king is ''cut off as foam upon the water.'' 

    Hosea began to prophesy during the reign of Jeroboam II king of Israel, one of the most powerful of her kings, and [he continued prophesying] during the reign of his successors, whom the prophet does not even name because they were not of the Lord's choosing (8:4). There was not one of them found who would risk his throne for God. This was a striking illustration of the Law in Deuteronomy 17:15, ''Thou shalt in any wise set him king over thee, whom the Lord thy God shall choose.'' That Israel possessed the written Law in the days of Hosea is shown from various passages, notably Hos 8:12.

    Wickedness of the Land.

    The moral state of Israel was as bad as it could possibly be. The idolatry inaugurated by Jeroboam I, the son of Nebat [1Kin 12:25-33], had continued for upwards of two hundred years, and had diffused every form of vice among the people. ''The Lord hath a controversy with the land,'' said Hosea, ''because there is no truth, nor mercy, nor knowledge of God in the land. By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out'' (Hos 4:1,2). Drunkenness and shameful idol festivals were spread over the land. The idolatrous priests even waylaid and murdered the wayfarers.

    Judgment and Mercy.

    Hosea was sent both to denounce the sins of the people, and to proclaim to them the compassionate love of God, and His willingness to have mercy upon them if they would but return to Him. [Hosea] himself was made a sign to the people. His longsuffering love for a wife who proved faithless to him, and whom he bought back from a life of shame, was a picture of God's love to His rebellious people, who had broken their covenant with Him and had given themselves up to the worship of idols.

    God first pronounces His judgment upon His people [Chapter 5]. He will be to them as a moth and rottenness, as a young lion, as a leopard, as a bear robbed of her whelps. He says He has hewed them by the prophets and slain them by the words of His mouth [6:5]. He foretells the awful destruction of Samaria, the sword that shall slay them, and the fire that shall destroy them. But along with judgment, He makes known His mercy, His earnest desire for their repentance. ''I will go and return to My place, till they acknowledge their offence, and seek My face: in their affliction they will seek Me early'' (Hos 5:15).

    Nothing can exceed the earnestness and love with which the Lord entreats Ephraim to return to Him. ''How shall I give thee up, Ephraim?'' Four times over this ''How'' is repeated [Hos 11:8]. ''O Israel, thou hast destroyed thyself; but in Me is thy help'' [Hos 13:9]. ''O Israel, return unto the Lord thy God; for thou hast fallen by thine iniquity. Take with you words, and return to the Lord: say unto Him, Take away all iniquity, and receive us graciously. . . . I will heal their backsliding, I will love them freely'' [Hos 14:1,2,4]. And then follows His gracious promise of restoration, that He will be as the ''summer nightmist'' to Israel, and it shall grow with the beauty of the lily, with the strength of the cedars of Lebanon, with the fragrance of the undergrowth of those mountains, and with the fruitfulness of the olive, and the corn, and the vine, and the perennial greenness of the fir-tree.

    The Messiah.

    Messianic allusions in this book are clear and beautiful. Both Peter and Paul show us that the prophecy of Hosea 1:10 has been fulfilled in Christ (1Pet 2:10; Rom 11:25,26).

    In Hosea 3:4, the present state of Israel is described. ''Without a king, without a prince, without a sacrifice, without an ephod''-- the sign of the priest-- because they have rejected their King, their true Priest after the order of Melchizedek, and are still rejecting the sacrifice He offered. And, on the other hand, they are ''without an image, and without teraphim,'' for they are free from idolatry. The next verse describes their glorious future, when they shall return and seek the Lord their God, and David their King-- the Lord Jesus Christ.

    Resurrection of Christ.

    Chapter 6:2: ''After two days He will revive us: in the third day He will raise us up, and we shall live in His sight.'' The resurrection of Christ, and our resurrection in Him, could not be more plainly foretold. The prophet expressly mentions two days, after which life should be given, and a third day, on which the resurrection should take place. Verse 3: ''His going forth is prepared as the morning; and He shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter and former rain unto the earth.'' He who should so go forth is the same as He who was to revive them and raise them up-- even Christ, who as ''the Day-spring from on high hath visited us'' [Luk 1:78], coming forth from the grave on the resurrection morning, and of whom it was foretold that He should ''come down like showers upon the mown grass'' [Psa 72:6].

    ''Out of Egypt.''

    Hosea 11:1. ''I called My Son out of Egypt.'' This had a primary fulfilment in Israel as a type of Christ. Its real fulfilment, as we are told by Matthew (2:15), was in Christ, the Only-begotten Son of God.

    One Saviour.

    Hos 11:4. ''I drew them with cords of a Man, with bands of love.'' Christ drew us with cords of a man when for us He became man and died for us. ''I, if I be lifted up, will draw all men unto Me'' [John 12:32].

    Hos 13:4. ''There is no Saviour beside Me.'' ''Thou shalt call His name Jesus (Saviour); for He shall save His people from their sins'' [Mat 1:21]. ''Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men whereby we must be saved'' [Acts 4:12].

    Hos 13:14. ''I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death.'' ''The word rendered ransom, signifies rescued them by the payment of a price; the word rendered redeem, relates to one who, as the nearest of kin, had the right to acquire anything as his own, by paying the price. Both words in their most exact sense describe what Jesus did for us'' (Dr. Pusey).

    ''O death, I will be thy plagues; O grave, I will be thy destruction,'' is a burst of triumph at the promised redemption, when Christ being risen from the dead became the first-fruits of them that slept [1Cor 15:20,55-57].


  • Notes on the Book of Hosea
    Excerpt - God uses Hosea’s marriage to Gomer as an extended metaphor representing Israel and her relationship to God. Israel has broken God’s covenant as Gomer broke her marriage covenant with Hosea. Israel’s sin is idolatry which comes from a lack of knowledge of God and results in inane acts such as seeking direction from a stick. Israel’s idolatry is Baalism, the fertility cult. They believed that their worship of Baal was repaid in productivity in crops, animals and children. Because of the idolatrous practice, God promised judgment. The most significant judgment took place in 722BC when Samaria was defeated and the people deported. However, God’s covenant with Israel was unconditional. Therefore, in the eschatological future, Israel will be restored. This is stated in the extended metaphor and especially in chapters 11 and 14.





  • Holman Christian Standard Bible Study Bible
    Excerpt - Hosea 1:2 Hosea's initial call to the prophetic ministry began with perplexing instructions to find a wife among the promiscuous women of Israel (of which there were apparently many; 4:14). This was no mere parable or vision but an actual command to enter a literal marriage that would vividly portray God's perspective on Israel. Promiscuous wife (lit "wife of promiscuity") describes her behavior and character when Hosea married her. She is not called a prostitute, but she almost certainly used her sexuality for her livelihood (2:5). Hosea, like the Lord, would have a wayward wife and a broken heart. Children of promiscuity indicates that the paternity of Gomer's children would be questioned. They would bear the shame of their mother's behavior and at the same time represent the shameful behavior and divine condemnation of the children of Israel. The reason the prophet had to invite such pain into his life was the flagrancy with which Israel, Yahweh's wife, had been selling herself to other gods and abandoning the LORD. Each idolatrous act had driven them further from Him. The Hebrew verb zanah ("be a harlot, act promiscuously") occurs far more in Hosea (13 times; 60 times in the OT) than in any other book but Ezekiel (17 times). These two books also account for about 50 percent of the uses of the root word in the OT (22 times in Hosea, 28 times in Ezekiel, 115 times in the OT), which includes words for "promiscuity" and "prostitute."

    Hosea 2:16-20 These verses are parallel to verse 2. Although Yahweh declared that Hosea's generation was no longer His wife and He was no longer her husband, a time would come when He would renew the covenant. A converted Israel would again declare Yahweh to be her husband, and He would assure her of His permanent commitment to her as His wife.

    Hosea 2:16-17 The phrase the LORD's declaration is repeated in verses 16 and 21 to echo its use in verse 13 and highlight Israel's radical change from Baal's mistress to Yahweh's restored wife. The Hebrew noun ba'al could mean "husband" as well as the name of the Canaanite deity (see note at v. 8; Dt 24:4). Israel's popular religion often merged concepts and practices of Baal worship with Yahweh worship, an idolatrous practice that angered God because it defiled His name (Lv 18:21; 20:3; Ezek 20:39). In the future day of Israel's final conversion, God would remove Israel's promiscuity (v. 2) when He removed any reference to the Baals (the plural indicates that Baal worship occurred at various locations) from her vocabulary (Zech 13:2).



HERBERT LOCKYER - devotional


  • Hosea -Intro, Date, Setting, Themes, Interpretative Challenges, Outline
  • Excerpt: Interpretive Challenges - That the faithless wife, Gomer, is symbolic of faithless Israel is without doubt; but questions remain. First, some suggest that the marital scenes in chaps. 1–3 should be taken only as allegory. However, there is nothing in the narrative, presented in simple prose, which would even question its literal occurrence. Much of its impact would be lost if not literal. When non-literal elements within the book are introduced, they are prefaced with “saw” (Hos 5:13; 9:10,13), the normal Hebraic means of introducing non-literal scenes. Furthermore, there is no account of a prophet ever making himself the subject of an allegory or parable.

Second, what are the moral implications of God’s command for Hosea to marry a prostitute? It appears best to see Gomer as chaste at the time of marriage to Hosea, only later having become an immoral woman. The words “take yourself a wife of harlotry” are to be understood proleptically, i.e., looking to the future. An immoral woman could not serve as a picture of Israel coming out of Egypt (Hos 2:15; 9:10), who then later wandered away from God (Hos 11:1). Chapter 3 describes Hosea taking back his wife, who had been rejected because of adultery, a rejection that was unjustifiable if Hosea had married a prostitute with full knowledge of her character.

A third question arises concerning the relationship between chap. 1 and chap. 3 and whether the woman of chap. 3 is Gomer or another woman. There are a number of factors which suggest that the woman of chap. 3 is Gomer. In Hos 1:2, God’s command is to “Go, take;” in 3:1, however, His command is to “Go again, love,” suggesting that Hosea’s love was to be renewed to the same woman. Furthermore, within the analogy of chap. 1, Gomer represents Israel. As God renews His love toward faithless Israel, so Hosea is to renew his love toward faithless Gomer. For Hos. 3 to denote a different woman would confuse the analogy.










  • The Messianic Hope of Israel - The Witness of Hosea
    The Witness of Hosea Following the order in which the writing prophets are placed in the canon, we begin with the prophet who accompanied the northern Kingdom of Israel to its grave, and who was permitted to see the resurrection of the nation in the latter days.

    What must have lain as a heavy burden on his heart was the fact that the covenant nation was divided into two rival kingdoms. He dated his prophecy therefore both in the days of the Kings of the house of David, as well as in that of Jeroboam II, under which the northern Kingdom enjoyed its brightest and most prosperous period, just on the eve of its tragic downfall: "The word of the LORD that came unto Hosea, the son of Beeri, in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel" (Hosea 1:1). His prophecy is divided into four parts, running parallel with each other, covering the same period, and ending with a glory vision of the Messianic age.

    - Chapter 1 forms a complete prophecy, from the downfall of Israel to the final re-gathering.
    - Chapter 2, from the divorce of Israel as an unfaithful wife, to the re-marriage.
    - Chapter 3, the "many days" of Israel's being nationally set aside, till their conversion to the Messiah, whom they will seek in the latter days.

    Then the fourth section, the largest, from Chapters 5 and 14, Israel's backsliding in detail, till the final recovery, when the divine discipline has accomplished its end.

    The first vision of the future in the Book of Hosea was that of the re-union of the divided nation, when they shall "appoint themselves one Head," and will under His leadership come out of the land of their exile. That is to say, they will choose the One whom the LORD has already chosen for them. They will at last ratify the divine selection. The other prophets were also concerned along this line. Thus Ezekiel: "And I will make them one nation in the land upon the mountains of Israel; and one king shall be king to them all: and they shall be no more two nations, neither shall they be divided into two kingdoms any more at all. Neither shall they defile themselves any more with their idols, nor with their detestable things; nor with any of their transgressions: but I will save them out of all their dwelling places, wherein they have sinned, and will cleanse them: so shall they be my people, and I will be their GOD. And David my servant shall be king over them; and they all shall have one shepherd: they shall also walk in my judgments, and observe my statutes, and do them" (Ezekiel 37:22-24). GOD is still waiting for Israel to fall into line with Him respecting the One in and under whom alone unity and harmony is possible, whether for that nation or for His new-covenant people.

    Chapter 3 presents a new feature. The tribulated nation will be finally betrothed to Him whom it has sinned against. The LORD speaks of Himself as Israel's true husband. He has never ceased to love her, and that in her deepest shame. Surely it is the heart of the heavenly Bridegroom of souls who speaks in this chapter!

    Chapter 3, brief as it is, composed of only five sentences, covers the entire period of Israel's long exile till the kingdom of the Messiah. He is the true David. Till they turn to Him, they will be without King, prince and religious status in a state of suspense. The false gods may have been abandoned, but the true is not yet known. But there is a blessed "afterward." In the latter days the people will seek the LORD their GOD and David their King. In the loss of the Messiah, they lost the GOD of their fathers also. In recovering Him, they will find GOD also.

    Chapter 6 is very suggestive. It begins with the spiritual as well as national revival of Israel. Then we see how this revival will be brought about. The Messiah will be apprehended, both in His outward appearing, as bringing in a new day, and by His inward and spiritual appearing, like the rain from Heaven, by the coming of His SPIRIT to indwell the heart that loves Him.

    It is a wonderful Messianic picture! The Coming One is spoken of as One whose coming had been long prepared for as a new morning for humanity as well as for Israel. And that He would also come to man as the rain comes from Heaven to refresh and fertilize the parched garden unto GOD.

    Thus we see the two stages of the Lord’s appearing: His personal and outward coming, which introduced a new day for the world in history; and His spiritual and inward coming, which changes men. In the first He came to be with men, Immanuel, "God with us." In the second He comes to be in men. In the first He did a mighty work for man. In the second He came to apply the benefits of that work to men.

    These two comings are DIFFERENT and yet SIMILAR:

    a. They have the same heavenly origin. The light comes from above, and the rain descends from the sky also. It is not by man's contrivance. The morning and the rain are entirely by the gift of grace of GOD.

    b. Both are expressions of the universality and impartiality of the divine goodness. The sun shines on evil and good alike. The rain descends on the fields of the thankful and unthankful. "That ye may be the children of your Father which is in Heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust" (Matthew 5:45).

    c. Both sun and rain are gentle and silent in their operations. The thunder and lightning may precede the rain, but the rain itself is a gentle touch. So CHRIST came outwardly, all Heaven was moved, but on earth, it was a lone star that guided seekers to CHRIST. So also the SPIRIT comes. We must find CHRIST within.

    d. Both come without money and without price. And no day has less, because millions of others share the same. "A whole sun for me!" So CHRIST is abundantly able to save and satisfy. He went to Heaven in a cloud, and then that cloud broke in a shower of blessings on the disciples ten days after. CHRIST thus came back in the clouds of Heaven, only in this sense, spiritually.

    e. Both have the same end in view, the transformation of death into life; of winter into summer. The morning sun makes a tremendous change, and the rain transforms nature into loveliness. Light and Life are the results of sunshine and rain.

    a. The sun comes with a wonderful breadth. The rain comes in drops. So CHRIST has reconciled the world by His first coming, but He must quicken the individual soul by His personal approach in the SPIRIT. He comes to each individual in an individual way. As on the day of the SPIRIT's coming every man heard the message told out in his own language, so the SPIRIT speaks to every man in a way he can understand.

    b. Then again, the morning is sure, but the rain has its own seasons. So with the visitations of the SPIRIT. Woe to him who neglects them when they come!

    The fourth section of Hosea makes sad reading; it is a detailed recital, like a succession of sobs, of the moral and religious decadence of Israel, though sovereign mercy will triumph in the end. But in the midst of it we have one more illuminating Messianic reference: "When Israel was a child, then I loved him, and called my son out of Egypt" (Hosea 11:1). That the Messiah is seen in this statement, the New Testament tells in Matthew 2:15. He is seen as One who had identified Himself with the nation in grace, and who loves their history over again in His own person.

    Before passing from this, we note that Scripture, like man, is tripartite. It has an outer, or lettermeaning. This is the historical sense. "Modernists" seldom get beyond this. There is an inner, or prophetical sense; this is the soul of Scripture. There is also an inmost or spiritual sense.

    In Hosea 11:1, the letter meaning refers to the deliverance of Israel out of Egypt.

    The prophetical, as given in Matthew 2:15, refers to the Messiah.

    The spiritual, or mystical sense, refers to an "Egypt" in which many are in spiritual bondage, and out of which the LORD would redeem them: "And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our LORD was crucified" (Rev. 11:8).

    So, of old, the LORD brought them out (Exodus 12:51). Israel went out (Exodus 12:41); and Egypt thrust them out (Exodus 12:33). Through the death and resurrection of CHRIST, we are brought out. Through reckoning ourselves as having died unto sin, baptized into His death, we go out. But in the divine dealings with us, all kinds of difficulties frequently arise, by which we are thrust out.

REFORMATION STUDY BIBLE - be aware this resource does not always  interpret the text literally


JOHN SCHULTZ - commentary - 78 pages


Excerpt: What's the big idea? - Structured around five cycles of judgment and restoration, the book of Hosea makes clear its repetitious theme: though God will bring judgment on sin, He will always bring His people back to Himself. God’s love for Israel, a nation of people more interested in themselves than in God’s direction for their lives, shines through clearly against the darkness of their idolatry and injustice (Hosea 14:4). Throughout the book, Hosea pictured the people turning away from the Lord and turning toward other gods (Hos 4:12–3; 8:5–6). This propensity for idolatry meant that the Israelites lived as if they were not God’s people. And though God told them as much through the birth of Hosea’s third child, Lo-ammi, He also reminded them that He would ultimately restore their relationship with Him, using the intimate and personal language of “sons” to describe His wayward people (Hos 1:9–10; 11:1).

How do I apply this? - Do you know the saving power of God, now offered to us through His Son, Jesus? If so, as a redeemed child of God, have you offered “redemption” or forgiveness to those in your life who were once under your judgment? Not only does the book of Hosea provide an example of God’s love to a people who have left God behind, but it also shows us what forgiveness and restoration look like in a close relationship. The book of Hosea illustrates that no one is beyond the offer of our forgiveness because no one sits outside God’s offer of forgiveness. Certainly, God brings judgment on those who turn from Him, but Hosea’s powerful act of restoration within his own marriage set the bar high for those of us seeking godliness in our lives.



PAUL VAN GORDER - Reflections of Christ

Hosea is the first and the longest of the group of books we call ''the minor prophets.'' He was a contemporary of Amos in Israel, and of Isaiah and Micah in Judah. He prophesied in Judah, during and following the Assyrian captivity of the Northern Kingdom-- an era in which the Southern Kingdom was both greatly prosperous and very corrupt. The name ''Hosea'' means ''deliverance'' or ''salvation.'' He lived during the long and vigorous reign of Jeroboam II, king of Israel. Unlike the prophet Isaiah, who was burdened chiefly about Judah and Jerusalem, Hosea was principally occupied in expressing the sorrow of Jehovah for the Northern Kingdom. The children of Israel had broken His covenant and hardened their hearts against Him.

Hosea became a part of his own message. The prophet had an unfaithful wife, Gomer. In spite of her persistent sin and shameful life, Hosea continued to cherish her. After her lovers had abandoned her, Hosea found her in the slave market, paid the price to reclaim her, forgave her, and took her again as his wife. By enduring this grief, his heart was prepared to deliver the message of Jehovah to Israel, the nation that had been unfaithful to the Lord, and had committed spiritual adultery.


The Moral State of Israel (Hosea 1-3)

The Sins of God's People (Hosea 4:1-13:13)

The Conversion and Blessing of Israel (Hosea 13:14-14:9)

Let us now consider each of these sections carefully.

Hosea 1 through 3 depict the moral condition of Israel. The nation had been a wife to Jehovah. He had committed to her the honor of His name, but she had become an adulteress (Hosea 1:2,3). The names given to the prophet's children tell us a number of things about the effect of Israel's sin.

''Jezreel'' (Hosea 1:4,5). This is a reminder that God had not condoned the sin of Jehu (2Kings 10:1-14), nor had He forgotten all the crimes of Israel.

''Lo-ruhamah'' (Hosea 1:6). The word means ''unpitied,'' signifying that Jehovah's mercy would not continue indefinitely, but that judgment would come soon.

''Lo-ammi'' (Hosea 1:8,9). This name means ''not my people'' and showed that Israel would cease to be God's peculiar people. This was never said of Judah.

Then Jehovah promised to restore both Israel and Judah-- a prophecy that remains to be fulfilled in the future (Hosea 1:10,11). They will one day be reunited and re-established as the earthly representative of Jehovah (see Romans 9:25,26).

Hosea 2 reveals both God's grief at Israel's sin, and His unchanging love as demonstrated in His willingness to take her back. Verse 23 of Hosea 2 is interpreted in Romans 9:26 as referring to the conversion of the Gentiles.

Next the wife of Hosea is brought back (Hosea 3:1-3). Then follows a prediction that is being literally fulfilled today: ''For the children of Israel shall abide many days without a king, and without a prince, and without a sacrifice, and without an image, and without an ephod, and without teraphim'' (3:4). The prophecy of verse 5 will also be literally fulfilled: ''Afterward shall the children of Israel return, and seek the Lord, their God, and David, their king, and shall fear the Lord and His goodness in the latter days.''

The specific sins of God's people are enumerated in Part II of Hosea (Hosea 4:1- 13:13). The Lord said, ''My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge'' (4:6). He went on to explain that the knowledge lacking in Israel was not financial, scientific, or commercial; but ''thou hast forgotten the law of thy God'' (v.6). Jehovah spoke with bold, blunt words, signifying that the Israelites had insulted His holiness and outraged His love. He delivered a heavy indictment against Israel.

The final section of the prophecy depicts the future conversion and blessing of Israel (Hosea 13:14-14:9). It begins with the prediction of coming judgment, which was fulfilled when Israel was carried away to Assyria. Judah continued to survive for more than a century and a half, but then she fell. A remnant of Judah returned to Palestine, but Israel did not. The book closes with a description of the day that is coming when Israel and Judah, at the verge of destruction because of iniquity, will return unto the Lord and experience His healing (Hosea 14:4-9).


A number of useful lessons may be learned from a study of this book.

Worldliness in God's people, whenever it occurs, is designated by God with the word of Hosea 1:2 as ''harlotry'' [''whoredom'']. In his epistle, James calls it spiritual ''adultery'' (James 4:4).

God's Word is always revealing. ''Hear the word of the Lord'' is Hosea's constant plea. The psalmist said, ''Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way? By taking heed thereto according to Thy word.'' (Psalm 119:9).

Israel's failure is a picture of the church's sin. The church has forgotten that she is espoused to God, and her committing of spiritual adultery is evident in many realms.

The heartcry of God for the backslider and spiritual adulterer is expressed in the words, ''How shall I give thee up, Ephraim?'' (Hosea 11:8).

A final view of God's mercy to the repentant and returning one is found in His promise: ''I will be as the dew unto Israel'' (Hosea 14:5). Truly, God's mercy endures forever.


The apostle Peter and the apostle Paul both alluded to Hosea 1:10 as having to do with the Messiah (1Pet 2:10; Rom 9:25,26).

Israel's rejection of their King-- their true ''High Priest after the order of Melchizedek''-- and the sacrifice which He offered has brought the people into the place where they have neither king nor prince nor sacrifice (Hos 3:4). The verse that follows describes their glorious future, which is made possible because the people will seek the Lord their God and their Messiah, the Lord Jesus Christ (v.5).

Resurrection is spoken of in Hosea 6:2. Whenever the ''third day'' is mentioned in the Scriptures, look carefully and you will see some connection with the resurrection of Christ. In a very real sense, not only is our resurrection made possible because of His, but the resurrection of the nation of Israel also depends upon the crucified, buried, and risen Christ.

Hosea also recorded these words of Jehovah: ''I... called My Son out of Egypt'' (Hosea 11:1). This prophecy had its primary fulfillment in Israel's 400-year sojourn [in Egypt]. But we learn from Matthew 2:15 that the real [ie., ultimate] fulfillment of Hosea's prophecy is in the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God.

Near the end of Hosea's prophecy, Jehovah, the covenant-keeping Redeemer, said, ''...there is no savior beside Me'' (Hosea 13:4). Of course, the Jehovah of the Old Testament is the Lord Jesus Christ of the New. ''Neither is there salvation in any other; for there is no other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved'' (Acts 4:12). An angel of the Lord appeared unto Joseph and assured him that he did not need to fear taking Mary to be his wife, ''for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit'' (Mat 1:20). The angel also said, ''Thou shalt call His name Jesus; for He shall save His people from their sins'' (Mat 1:21). Hosea stated a great truth, which the apostle Paul affirmed when he wrote: ''For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man, Christ Jesus, who gave Himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.'' (1Timothy 2:5,6).





(C) (Hosea 1:10-11) Messianic Restoration of Israel – 5 Major Areas Highlighted

1. Restoration from Small Remnant to Great Numbers “Yet the number of the sons of Israel will be like the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured or numbered”

2. Restoration from Rejection to Adoption as Sons “And in the place where it is said to them, you are not My people, It will be said to them, You are the sons of the living God”

3. Restoration from Scattering and Division to Gathering Together and Unity “And the sons of Judah and the sons of Israel will be gathered together”

4. Restoration from the Leadership of pagan kings to the Leadership of the Good Shepherd “And they will appoint for themselves one leader”

5. Restoration from Shame and Disgrace to Blessing and Glory “And they will go up from the land, for great will be the day of Jezreel”

D. (Hosea 2:1-13) Indictment Against Adulterous Israel with Promised Subsequent Discipline
1. Serious Charges
- Shameful Immorality / Unfaithfulness (Hosea 2:2-5)
- Materialistic Motivation
“I will go after my lovers who give me my bread and my water, my wool and my flax, my oil and my drink” – (:5) never recognizing that Hosea continued to faithfully provide for her needs
- Multiple Partners – seeking to satisfy her unquenchable appetites; spiraling downward from one unsatisfied relationship to the next (Hosea 2:7)
- Ignorant and Unthankful Perspective (Hosea 2:8)
- Blatant Idolatry (Hosea 2:13)

2. Severe Discipline
- Stripped naked and exposed
- Barren and thirsty
- Cursed children
- Affliction and Hardship (Hosea 2:6)
- Removal of food and clothing (Hosea 2:9)
- Rendered helpless with no one able to deliver (Hosea 2:10)
- Removal of all joy and happiness

3. Root Problem = Unfaithfulness
“’she forgot me’ declares the Lord” (Hosea 2:13)

E. (Hosea 2:14-23) Millennial Restoration of Israel – Additional Details




RICH CATHERS - frequent use of illustrations

2013 Study

2006 Study


  • Be a Berean - Not always a literal interpretation. Caveat Emptor!



  • Hosea 1:1-3;Christ's Spotless Bride: As believers who have been chosen by God, we are to become more and more like Christ until we are presented to Him at the marriage of the Lamb. Video
  • Hosea 4:1-14;Our Knowledge of God: To grow spiritually, we must have an increasing and deepening knowledge of God--who He is and what He has done for us. Video
  • Hosea 4:15-5:15;Maintaining a Clear Conscience: We are to maintain a clear conscience that does not become hardened by persistent sinful attitudes and actions. Video
  • Hosea 6:1-3; God's Forgiveness: No matter what our human condition, we are to seek God's forgiveness, realizing that the blood of the Lord Jesus Christ cleanses us from all sin. Video
  • Hosea 6:4-7:16; Becoming Like Christ: We are to be progressively transformed into the image of the Lord Jesus Christ, not conformed to this world. Video
  • Hosea 8:1-4; Choosing Godly Leaders: When we install leaders in our churches, we should first and foremost make the selection based on God's approval. Video
  • Hosea 8:5-14; True Worship: When we worship we must remember that what pleases God the most are lives lived in harmony with His will. Video
  • Hosea 9:1-9; Verbal Persecution: When we share God's truth with those who have deliberately turned their backs on God, we should not be surprised if we are identified as stupid and crazy. Video
  • Hosea 10:1-8; False Assumptions: We must never interpret material prosperity as a sign that God is pleased with actions that are out of harmony with His revealed will. Video
  • Hosea 10:9-12;Proper Priorities: We are to determine in our hearts to do what is right according to God's will, trusting Him to meet all of our needs. Video
  • Hosea 11:1-11; God's Faithfulness: We are to be assured that God will never disown us if we have truly become His children through faith in the Lord Jesus Christ. Video
  • Hosea 14:1-9; A Call to Repentance: Regardless of who we are, to experience eternal life we must acknowledge our sinfulness and receive God's free gift of salvation. Video


JAMES GRAY - Chapter 1 and Chapter 4



  • Hosea Commentary - here is an excerpt

    Hosea prophesied during the reign of seven kings. Of these seven kings, five of them are listed here in our passage. A couple of the ones that followed Jeroboam didn't reign very long, so that may be why he left them out. Five of these seven kings are said to have continued in the sin of the first Jeroboam. 2 Kings 14:24, 15:9, 15:18, 24, 28, 17:21-23 all say the same thing about these kings:

    “And he did evil in the sight of the Lord; he did not depart all his days from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, which he made Israel sin.”

    What was this terrible sin that Jeroboam committed? We need to turn to 1 Kings 12:26-29 for an explanation. The context: After death of Solomon, the nation divided. (931 BC) Rehoboam was king of Judah in the south and Jeroboam was king Israel in the north. Jeroboam is thinking to himself that he will lose power if people are allowed to go back to Jerusalem to worship God. I think Jeroboam knew that God did not want a divided kingdom, but he didn't care. Hosea 1:11 talks about future restoration and shows that God will one day reunite Israel and Judah. In 1 Kings 12:28 we see that Jeroboam devised a way to stop that. He gave the Israelites a new god--golden calves. So is this the sin of Jeroboam--starting national idol worship in Israel? Well, yes, but how does that apply to us. Since we don't worship golden calves, does that let us off the hook? What is the timeless principle that we can conclude from this? The sin of Jeroboam was that he sought to achieve his own personal agenda. He put himself and his desires before God and distorted God in order to do so. Then he avoided having to face how wrong he was by changing his understanding of God.

    PRINCIPLE: Encountering God as He is invariably changes our personal agendas
    If Jeroboam had really been worshipping God, he would have seen God's glory and his own sinfulness and wanted to do God's will, even if that meant reuniting the kingdom. And as mentioned earlier, Hosea 1:11 shows that that was God’s will. So Jeroboam never really encountered God during his required temple worship times. He didn't have a relationship with God, and to keep the rest of the nation from having a relationship with God he set up idol worship. Jeroboam wanted the power for himself. And to make matters worse, he took a whole nation down with him. That is what makes his sin so great. Isaiah 6:1-8 gives us a great contrast to Jeroboam and a great example of someone who was changed because of his encounter with God. After Isaiah saw the glory of the Lord, he recognized his sinfulness and when God asked, “Whom shall I send?” Isaiah said, “Here am I. Send me!” So, when Hosea lists these kings at the beginning of his book, I think it is more than a way to place the chronological occurrence of his book. It is a way to emphasize the spiritual climate in which he is ministering. It is also foundational to understanding the problems Hosea will deal with in his book.

    Application: Are our own agendas more important than God? We need to recognize that we usually have internal agendas that are deeper than our worship experience. How often do we sit in church and think about other things?

    For that matter, why do you go to church? For some people church is just a social club, for some it might be a place to make business contacts. Real estate and insurance folks find lots of people in the church that trust them because they go to their church. Some might go to maintain a certain reputation. I know from my past Air Force experience that Wing Commanders went to the chapel to set the example. They didn't dare stay home nor did they dare go to a church off base. And some people went to the chapel because the Wing CC went and they wanted to rub shoulders with him there.

    Can you think of any other hidden agendas that are more important than God?

    What is amazing is that we can come to church and pretend to worship and the whole time we really don't get in tune with God. We don't really worship God. We just go through the motions. We don't change our personal agendas, we just leave this building and go back to our same old lifestyle.

    DO WE DISTORT OUR CONCEPT OF GOD? If we cling to these agendas, we emphasize whatever about God fits our purposes. And we lose an accurate picture of who God is. This can be seen in 1 Kings 12:27 - Jeroboam knew that if the people had worshipped God then they would have done what God wanted and re-united the kingdom. Jeroboam and the Jews changed God into a calf so that He was no longer a Holy God, but just some impotent object that sanctioned their own agendas of pursuing wealth and pleasure. We have a tendency to pursue our own agendas and our own well-being by changing God into something that we think will help us meet our goals. Maybe we don't turn God into a golden calf, but we have other images of God that do the same thing:

    Some people think of God as a higher power. Star Wars made it popular by calling it “the Force.” The New Age movement just refers to it as a higher power, but what is significant is that God has been changed into this higher power which is just there to help people achieve their own goals. All you have to do is “tap into that higher power” to do whatever you want. Just visualize it and it will happen.

    Or maybe our concept of God is not so obviously wrong. Instead we make God into the grandfather image. What do I mean by the grandfather image? God is seen as the kind, loving grandfather, sitting in heaven and not really concerned with what his grandchildren are doing. You know that typically it is the grandparents who spoil the children and let them do what they want and it is the parents who have to discipline them. We want a grandfather God who will indulge and spoil us and not make us obey the rules.

    Maybe we have a genie image of God. This is one that makes God into someone who we can pray to for things we want.

    Can you think of other images of God? What kind of a God do you have?










  • Undying Love— The Story of Hosea and Gomer
    Excerpt -

    We cannot escape the message of his undying love. Hosea wanted to see Gomer restored to his side as his faithful wife. And he believed that God was great enough to do it. One day word came by way of the grapevine gossips that Gomer had been deserted by her lover. She had sold herself into slavery and had hit bottom. This was the last straw. Certainly now Hosea would forget her. But his heart said “No.” He could not give her up. And then God spoke to him: “Go again, love a woman who is loved by her husband, yet an adulteress, even as the Lord loves the sons of Israel, though they turn to other gods” (Hos. 3:1).

    Gomer was still beloved of Hosea even though she was an adulteress, and God wanted him to seek her out and prove his love to her. How could anyone love that deeply? The answer was right there in God’s instructions to Hosea, “even as the Lord loves.” Only one who knows the love and forgiveness of God can ever love this perfectly. And one who has experienced His loving forgiveness cannot help but love and forgive others. Christian husbands are commanded to love their wives as Christ loved the Church (Eph. 5:25), and Hosea is an outstanding biblical example of that kind of love.

    So he began his search, driven by that indestructible divine love, love that bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things, love that never ends. And he found her, ragged, torn, sick, dirty, disheveled, destitute, chained to an auction block in a filthy slave market, a repulsive shadow of the woman she once was. We wonder how anyone could love her now. But Hosea bought her from her slavery for fifteen shekels of silver and thirteen bushels of barley (Hos. 3:2). Then he said to her, “You shall stay with me for many days. You shall not play the harlot, nor shall you have a man; so I will also be toward you” (Hos. 3:3). He actually paid for her, brought her home, and eventually restored her to her position as his wife. While we do not find anything else in Scripture about their relationship with each other, we assume that God used Hosea’s supreme act of forgiving love to melt her heart and change her life.

    How many times should a husband or wife forgive? Some contend, “If I keep forgiving I simply affirm him in his pattern of sin.” Or “If I keep forgiving, she’ll think she can get away with anything she wants.” Others say, “If I keep forgiving, it’s like putting my seal of approval on his behavior.” Or “I can’t take another hurt like that. If he does that one more time, I’m leaving.” Those are human responses. Listen to the response of the Lord Jesus. You see, Peter had asked the Lord this same question: “Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me and I forgive him? Up to seven times?” The Lord’s answer was, “I do not say to you, up to seven times, but up to seventy times seven” (Matt. 18:21, 22). That is a great deal of forgiveness. In fact, Christ was simply saying in a captivating way that there is no end to forgiveness.

    Sometimes it’s just the little slights and daily agitations that need forgiveness, the occasional sharp word or angry accusation. But we harbor it, let it eat at us, and build up bitterness and resentment which erodes our relationship. Maybe it’s a major offense, like Gomer’s, and we can never forget it. We stew on it and fret over it, and we keep bringing it up in a subconscious attempt to punish our mates for the hurts we have suffered. We try to forgive, but a few days later it’s right there again, preying on our consciousness. Big wounds sometimes take longer to heal. They will come back to our minds. There is no way to avoid it. But every time they do, we must first remind ourselves that we really did forgive, then rehearse how much God has forgiven us, then ask Him to take the destructive, unforgiving thoughts out of our minds.

    Forgiveness does not necessarily mean that we must suffer in silence. The need for open and honest communication would demand that we share what we think and how we feel, what the wrong has done to us, and how our mates can help us get over it. God tells us how much our sin grieves Him. Gomer certainly knew how her affairs were tearing at Hosea’s heart. What we say must be said lovingly and kindly, but we have both the need and the obligation to share what is on our hearts.

    Neither does forgiveness necessarily mean we cannot take positive steps to guard against the sin recurring. That might require some extended counseling; it might demand an honest reappraisal of our personalities or habit patterns; it might mean a change in our life-style or a relocation. God takes positive steps to help us want to please Him. That is what divine discipline is all about. We do not discipline each other, but we can discuss steps that will help us avoid these same pitfalls in the future.

    Forgiveness does mean, however, that we will pay for the other person’s offenses. We will refuse to retaliate in any way to make the guilty person pay. We will absolve him of all guilt. God can use that forgiving love to melt hardened hearts and change callused lives quicker than anything else in this whole wide world. That is the lesson of Hosea and Gomer, the lesson of forgiveness. God’s love and forgiveness pervade Hosea’s entire prophecy. Please do not misunderstand it. God hates sin; it grieves His heart; He cannot condone it; His perfect righteousness and justice demand that He deal with it. But He still loves sinners and diligently seeks them out and offers them His loving forgiveness.

    God’s ancient people Israel kept going back to their sins. “What shall I do with you, O Ephraim? What shall I do with you, O Judah? For your loyalty is like a morning cloud, and like the dew which goes away early” (Hos. 6:4). But God never stopped loving them. “When Israel was a youth I loved him, and out of Egypt I called My son” (Hos. 11:1). “I led them with cords of a man, with bonds of love” (Hos. 11:4). “How can I give you up, O Ephraim? How can I surrender you, O Israel?” (Hos. 11:8). And because He never stopped loving them, He never stopped pleading with them: “Return, O Israel, to the Lord your God, for you have stumbled because of your iniquity” (Hos. 14:1).

    We need to love like that. We need to forgive like that. We need to drag the festering hurts we have been harboring in our hearts to the cross of Christ—where we laid our own burden of guilt one day and where we found God’s loving forgiveness—and we must leave them all there. When we fully forgive, our minds will be released from the bondage of resentment that has been building a wall between us, and we shall be free to grow in our relationship with each other.



  • Amos, Hosea, Jonah and Micah - Be very discerning: Utley is Amillennial and replaces Israel with the Church. Why listed? Because he has well done grammatical (word and phrase studies) and interesting historical comments (eg, see page 45 "Fertility Worship of the Ancient Near East")
  • See Related Resources: Millennium; Israel of God

WOMEN OF THE BIBLE - devotional




  • Hosea 1-3 Marriages That Make It
    Excerpt - According to the Barna research organization, as of 2001, 33% of all born again individuals who have been married have gone through a divorce, which is statistically identical to the 34% incidence among non-born again adults. But the significant thing in this story is that God told Hosea how to respond to this crisis in his marriage.  Hosea had grounds for divorce.  He had biblical justification should he have chosen to divorce his wife.  But look at chapter 3 of this book. The Lord said to me, “Go, show your love to your wife again, though she is loved by another and is an adulteress.  Love her as the Lord loves….”



























  • Backsliding
    Excerpt -  What exactly is backsliding? Nowhere in all scripture is it better described than in Proverbs 14:14, "The backslider in heart shall be filled with his own ways." There you have it — a backslider is a person who once emptied of his own ways and filled with the ways of God, but who gradually allows his own ways to creep back in until he is all but empty of God and full of himself again.













SAMMY TIPPIT - if you have a heart longing for revival, this article is worth your time! Below are just a few snippets.

  • Hosea 6 - Return to Me
    I am convinced that the only hope for this nation (America) is that we have a mighty revival. It must begin with God’s people. It must begin inside the church. I am convinced the problem is not with the homosexual community. The problem is not with the political leadership. The problem is not with corruption within our government. I am convinced the problem is within the house of God and we need revival! God says He will revive us......

    The word "return" has the little word in it, "turn." In other words you cannot keep going in the same direction that you have been going. You must turn and it says "re-turn." Those of us who have repented, who have already turned from our sins and have turned to the Lord, are the ones who must re-turn to the Lord. Revival begins with those of us who have turned from our sins in faith to Jesus Christ to follow Him. In order to return a person can’t keep going the same direction that he has been going. We were going this way as a church, we were going this way as an evangelical community. We must stop! The first step in repentance, the first step in revival, is to stop. You can’t keep going the same way you’ve been going. You must stop and then turn around. Let me say something about stopping. I’m convinced that there would be a mighty, sweeping refreshing of God’s people if we did this one thing, if we would simply stop. I’m afraid that much of the problem in North America, both Canada and the United States, and around the world in all churches, even in the two-thirds world nations, is that the church is so busy we don’t have time for God. If I were to ask you why it is that you don’t have time for God, why it is our prayer lives are so weak and feeble, it is because we are so busy in the work of God that we don’t have time for the God of the work. And I tell you that if there is to be revival, we must stop!.....
    What Is It To Return To God?

    First of all, I believe that it means to return to our passion for Him. To return to Him is to come back to that first love. Do you remember the church of Ephesus, in the book of Revelation? This was a very fundamental church, a very good, Bible-believing, Bible-teaching church that didn’t put up with false teaching coming in among their people. But God said, "I have one thing against you. You’ve left your first love. Repent and return to your first love" (Rev. 2:3-4). I am convinced that what has happened is that many of us have lost that simplicity and purity of devotion to Jesus Christ, to just love Him......

    The second thing, to return to Him is to not only return to our passion for Him but to return to our call from Him. God has placed a call on every one of our lives. I think one of the great curses of the American churches is this – that we have so many people who think they have done what they are supposed to do because they come and sit on Sunday morning from 11:00 until 12:00. That is not so.




  • Hosea 7:9 - Strangers have devoured his strength — from Hosea 7:9
    What gives spiritual weakness like allowed sin? It was so with Israel, it will ever be so with us. Yielding to unhallowed association (with) strangers devour our strength. If you ever saw a cake not turned, baked only on one side, of what use is it? Of what use is a worldly, backsliding Christian? "Strangers have devoured his strength" tells of the powerlessness of one under sin. The order is, first, at conversion, God takes us up out of this present evil age; and then next, sends us into it. Not to be of it, but to be lights in it, and to take others out of it. "The friendship of the world is enmity to God." It is like the ivy with the oak (tree), the ivy may give the oak a grand, beautiful appearance, but all the while it is feeding on the vitals. The next image tells of the result. Ephraim is like a silly dove, without heart "some read with but one wing," and so unable to fly. Thus where sin is, there is no power to rise and get out of danger.  It is proverbial of doves, that when any surprise or sudden alarm comes upon them they are without heart and have no strength so that instead of fleeing from danger, they seem hopelessly to fall into it. — J. D. S.
  • Hosea 7:13-15 - Notes from Moody's Bible
    God’s seven-fold charge against Ephraim.
    Fled from God. Hosea 7:13.
    Transgressed against God.Hosea 7:13.
    Spoken lies against God. Hosea 7:13.
    Not cried to God with the heart.Hosea 7:14.
    Assembled for corn and wine.Hosea 7:14.
    Rebel against God. Hosea 7:14.
    Imagined mischief against God. Hosea 7:15.
  • HOSEA 6:3.  Then shall we know, if we follow on to know the Lord.
    The Lord has brought us into the pathway of the knowledge of Him, and bids us pursue that path through all its strange meanderings till it opens out upon the plain where God’s throne Isaiah Our life is a following on to know the Lord. We marvel at some of the experiences through which we are called to pass: but afterward we see that they afforded us some new knowledge of our Lord. Our path suddenly disappeared in some hideous cavern where we seemed to hear the roaring of wild beasts; and we could not at all conceive what benefit would arise from our entering; but we entered; and when by a favoring passage we emerged from that obscurity and danger, we felt that we had obtained some new and valuable insight into the divine character. Again, our path shot right down into the impenetrable darkness of some deep pit; it was some time before our eyes got accustomed to that darkness; then we discovered a little door, and soon found ourselves in a gallery of hidden treasures, several of which we gathered and still retain. Pursuing thus the knowledge of God we found ourselves like Joseph in Egypt, alone in the midst of a nation that knew not God; and found that there was something here to be learned concerning the divine perfection that could not be learned elsewhere. We have not then to wait for some future brighter opportunity; but by improvement of the present are to build for ourselves a bridge to that future.

  • .HOSEA 8:7.  They have sown the wind, and they shall reap the whirlwind.
    The story runs, that, as Abdallah lingered over his morning repast, a little fly alighted on his goblet, took a sip, and was gone. It came again and again; increased its charms; became bolder and bolder; grew in size till it presented the likeness of a man; consumed Abdallah’s meat, so that he grew thin and weak while his guest became great and strong. Then contention arose between them, and the youth smote the demon, so that he departed; and the youth rejoiced at his deliverance. But the demon soon came again, charmingly arrayed, and was restored to favor. On the morrow, the youth came not to his teacher. The mufti, searching, found him in his chamber lying dead upon his divan. His visage was black and swollen; and on his throat was the pressure of a finger, broader than the palm of a mighty man. His treasures were gone. In the garden, the mufti discovered the footprints of a giant, one of which measured six cubits. Such is the Oriental portrayal of the growth and power of habit.




  • Hosea 8:4 The Leadership Crisis in America Part 2  (Part 1)
    Excerpt - God allows us to choose wicked leaders. It may surprise you, but He gives us that choice! God sets standards but allows us to choose wicked leaders contrary to His own will. “They set up kings, but not by Me; they made princes, but I did not acknowledge them. From their silver and gold they made idols for themselves — that they might be cut off.” (Hosea 8:4) “They set up kings but it wasn’t My will,” God is said. We get the leadership we deserve. Wicked rulers are God’s “reward” — the natural consequences — for wicked people.  The prophet Samuel said to Israel,“And ye shall cry out in that day because of your king which you have chosen you, and the Lord will not hear you in that day.” (1 Samuel 8:18)God says, “You’re going to choose a king, the wrong king, then you’re going to come crying, ‘God, have mercy,’ but I will not hear you because of the king you have chosen.” God allows us to chose even wicked leaders. 











J C PHILPOT  - from Daily Words for Zion's Wayfarers

  • Hosea 13:9 - Strangle and Suffocate It!
  • Hosea 13:9 "O Israel, you have destroyed yourself; but in me is your help." Hosea 13:9

    God is all-wise, and therefore takes no rash, precipitate steps. As the original plan of salvation was devised by infinite wisdom, so all the successive steps of the execution of that plan are directed by the same boundless wisdom also. "Wherein he has abounded towards us," says Paul (Eph.1:8), "in all wisdom and prudence." Thus, in his dealings with his people, God does not put them at once into possession of all the blessings which he has laid up for them. He has pardoned, for instance, their sins; but he does not immediately, when he calls them by his grace, put them into possession of this blessing. He has first to teach them their need of it. He has to prepare their heart for the right reception of it. It is no common gift, and he has to teach them how to value it. They are saved from wrath and eternal misery, from his dreadful displeasure and ever-burning indignation against sin. They have need to be shown, and made deeply to feel, from what they are saved, as well as to what they are saved. And as the oak does not grow to its full stature in a day, but needs years of sunshine and storm, of beating winds and howling tempests, to give it strength and constancy, a deep and wide root, as well as a lofty and branching stem, so do God's children need months and years of trial and temptation, that they may push a deep root downwards, and shoot up healthy and vigorous upwards. Thus, before the soul can know anything about salvation, it must learn deeply and experimentally the nature of sin, and of itself, as stained and polluted thereby. It is proud, and needs to be humbled; careless, and needs to be awakened; alive, and needs to be killed; full, and requires to be emptied; whole, and needs to be wounded; clothed, and requires to be stripped. It is, by nature, self-righteous and self-seeking; is buried deep in worldliness and carnality; is utterly blind and ignorant; is filled with presumption, arrogance, conceit, and enmity, and hates all that is heavenly and spiritual. Sin, in all its various forms, is its natural element. "The Ethiopian cannot change his skin, nor the leopard his spots." To make man the direct opposite of what he originally is; to make him love God instead of hating him; fear, instead of mocking him; obey, instead of rebelling against him; and to tremble at his terrible majesty, instead of running upon the thick bosses of his shield;--to do this mighty work, and to effect this wonderful change, requires the implantation of a new nature by the immediate hand of God himself.








  • Hosea 14:3 That hideous idol SELF in his little shrine
    (J. C. Philpot, "Israel's Departure and Return" 1849) Never again will we say any more to the work of our hands—"You are our gods!" Hosea 14:3 The besetting sin of Israel was the worship of idols. Perhaps, if you have walked into the British Museum, and seen the idols that were worshiped in former days in the South Sea Islands, you have been amazed that rational beings could ever bow down before such ugly monsters.

    But does the heart of a South Sea Islander differ from the heart of an Englishman? Not a bit! The latter may have more civilization and cultivation—but his heart is the same! And though you have not bowed down to these monstrous objects and hideous figures—there may be as filthy an idol in your heart! Where is there a filthier idol than the lusts and passions of man's fallen nature?  You need not go to the British Museum to see filthy idols and painted images. Look within!  Where is there a more groveling idol than Mammon, and the covetousness of our heart? You need not wonder at heathens worshiping hideous idols—when you have pride, covetousness, and above all that hideous idol SELF in his little shrine, hiding himself from the eyes of man—but to which you are so often rendering your daily and hourly worship!

    If a person does not see that the root of all idolatry is SELF, he knows but little of his heart. 


  • Hosea 14:5 "I will be as the dew unto Israel"
    The dew is a source of freshness. It is nature's provision for renewing the face of the earth. It falls at night, and without it the vegetation would die. It is this great value of the dew which is so often recognized in the Scriptures. It is used as the symbol of spiritual refreshing. Just as nature is bathed in dew, so the Lord renews His people. In Titus 3:5 the same thought of spiritual refreshing is connected with the ministry of the Holy Ghost--"renewing of the Holy Ghost."

    Many Christian workers do not recognize the importance of the heavenly dew in their lives, and as a result they lack freshness and vigor. Their spirits are drooping for lack of dew.

    Beloved fellow-worker, you recognize the folly of a laboring man attempting to do his day's work without eating. Do you recognize the folly of a servant of God attempting to minister without eating of the heavenly manna? Nor will it suffice to have spiritual nourishment occasionally. Every day you must receive the renewing of the Holy Ghost. You know when your whole being is pulsating with the vigor and freshness of Divine life and when you feel jaded and worn. Quietness and absorption bring the dew. At night when the leaf and blade are still, the vegetable pores are open to receive the refreshing and invigorating bath; so spiritual dew comes from quiet lingering in the Master's presence. Get still before Him. Haste will prevent your receiving the dew. Wait before God until you feel saturated with His presence; then go forth to your next duty with the conscious freshness and vigor of Christ. --Dr. Pardington

    Dew will never gather while there is either heat or wind. The temperature must fall, and the wind cease, and the air come to a point of coolness and rest--absolute rest, so to speak--before it can yield up its invisible particles of moisture to bedew either herb or flower. So the grace of God does not come forth to rest the soul of man until the still point is fairly and fully reached.

    "Drop Thy still dews of quietness, 
    Till all our strivings cease: 
    Take from our souls the strain and stress; 
    And let our ordered lives confess 
    The beauty of Thy peace.

    "Breathe through the pulses of desire 
    Thy coolness and Thy balm; 
    Let sense be dumb, its beats expire: 
    Speak through the earthquake, wind and fire, 
    O still small voice of calm!"






  • HOSEA 14:5.  I will be as the dew unto Israel.
  • The dew does not fall on rude or stormy nights; there must be stillness and repose. And it does not fall on cloudy nights; there must be nothing of cloud between our souls and God if we would have His dews. The dew does not fall on the world’s beaten highways, but on the green grass, on the least and lowliest blade of life; for God cherishes all He plants. Grace always attrActs dew.
    C. A. FOX.




Hosea Commentary Notes
Conservative, Literal Interpretation

Includes technical notes (text), translation notes and study notes

Excerpts from the Study Notes - 

Hosea 1:9 - This is an allusion to Yahweh’s promise to Moses אֶהְיֶה עִמָּךְ (’ehyeh ’immakh, “I will be with you”; Exod 3:12, 14). In effect, it is a negation of Exod 3:12, 14 and a cancellation of Israel’s status as vassal of Yahweh in the conditional Mosaic covenant.

Hosea 1:10 - Beginning with 1:10, the verse numbers through 2:23 in the English Bible differ by two from the verse numbers in the Hebrew text (BHS), with Hos 1:10 ET = 2:1 HT, 1:11 ET = 2:2 HT, 2:1 ET = 2:3 HT, etc., through 2:23 ET = 2:25 HT. Beginning with 3:1 the verse numbers in the English Bible and the Hebrew Bible are again the same.

Hosea 2:2 - The reason that Hosea (representing the LORD) calls upon his children (representing the children of Israel) to plead with Gomer (representing the nation as a whole), rather than pleading directly with her himself, is because Hosea (the LORD) has turned his back on his unfaithful wife (Israel). He no longer has a relationship with her (“for she is not my wife, and I am not her husband”) because she abandoned him for her lovers.

Hosea 2:5 - This statement alludes to the practice of sexual rites in the Canaanite fertility cult which attempted to secure agricultural fertility from the Canaanite gods (note the following reference to wool, flax, olive oil, and wine).

Hosea 2:8 - The third person plural here is an obvious reference to the Israelites who had been unfaithful to the LORD in spite of all that he had done for them. To maintain the imagery of Israel as the prostitute, a third person feminine singular would be called for; in the interest of literary consistency this has been supplied in some English translations (e.g., NCV, TEV, CEV, NLT).

Hosea 2:9 - This announcement of judgment is extremely ironic and forcefully communicates poetic justice: The punishment will fit the crime. The Israelites were literally uncovering their nakedness in temple prostitution in the Baal fertility cult rituals. Yahweh will, in effect, give them what they wanted (nakedness) but not in the way they wanted it: Yahweh will withhold the agricultural fertility they sought from Baal which would lead to nakedness caused by impoverishment.

Hosea 3:5 - It is not clear whether Hosea was predicting a restoration of Davidic kingship over Israel and Judah (e.g., Jer 17:25; 22:2) (Ed: I interpret the text literally and this is surely the resurrected David in the Millennium - that would also explain Jesus' title as "King of kings," one of those kings being David) or referring to the ultimate Davidic king, namely, the Messiah, who will fulfill the conditions of the Davidic covenant and inaugurate/fulfill the blessings of the Davidic covenant for Israel. The Messiah is frequently pictured as the “New David” because he would fulfill the ideals of the Davidic covenant and be everything that David and his descendants were commissioned to be (e.g., Isa 9:7[6]; 16:5; Jer 23:5–6; 30:9; 33:15–16; Ezek 34:23–24; 37:24–25).

Hosea 4:15 - Beth Aven means “house of wickedness” in Hebrew; it is a polemic reference to “Bethel,” which means “house of God.” Cf. CEV “at sinful Bethel.”

Hosea 5:1 - The noun פַּח (pakh, “trap”) is used (1) literally of a bird-trap, used in similes and metaphors (Amos 3:5; Prov 7:23; Eccl 9:12), and (2) figuratively to refer to (a) calamities and plots (Job 18:9; 22:10; Pss 91:3; 119:110; 124:7; 140:6; 141:9; 142:4; Prov 22:5; Isa 24:17–18; Jer 18:22; 48:43–44; Hos 9:8) and (b) a source of calamity (Josh 23:13; Pss 11:6; 69:23; Isa 8:14; Hos 5:1; BDB 809 s.v. פַּח).....The noun רֶשֶׁת (reshet, “net”) is used (1) literally of a net used to catch birds (Prov 1:17) and (2) in figurative descriptions of the wicked plotting to ensnare their victims (Prov 29:5; Pss 9:16; 10:9; 25:15; 31:5; 35:7; 57:7; 140:6; Job 18:8; BDB 440 s.v. רֶשֶׁת).

Hosea 5:6 - The terms flocks and herds are used figuratively for animal sacrifices (metonymy of association). Hosea describes the futility of seeking God’s favor with mere ritual sacrifice without the prerequisite moral obedience (e.g., 1 Sam 15:24; Ps 50:6–8; 51:17–18; Isa 1:12; Mic 6:6–8).

Hosea 5:11 - The term רְצוּץ (rétsuts, “crushed”) is a metaphor for weakness (e.g., 2 Kgs 18:21; Isa 36:6; 42:3) and oppression (e.g., Deut 28:33; 1 Sam 12:3, 4; Amos 4:1; Isa 58:6). Here it is used as a figure to describe the devastating effects of the LORD’s judgment.

Hosea 5:13 - Hosea personifies Ephraim’s “wound” as if it could depart from the sickly Ephraim (see the formal equivalent rendering in the preceding tn). Ephraim’s sinful action in relying upon an Assyrian treaty for protection will not dispense with its problems.

Hosea 6:4 - The Hebrew poets and prophets frequently refer to the morning clouds as a simile for transitoriness (e.g., Job 7:9; Isa 44:22; Hos 6:4; 13:3; BDB 778 s.v. עָנָן 1.c). For discussion of this phenomena in Palestine, see Chaplin, PEQ (1883): 19.

Hosea 6:5 - In Hos  6:3 unrepentant Israel uttered an over-confident boast that the LORD would rescue the nation from calamity as certainly as the “light of the dawn” (שַׁחַר, shakhar) “comes forth” (יֵצֵא, yetse’) every morning. Playing upon the early morning imagery, the LORD responded in Hos 6:4 that Israel’s prerequisite repentance was as fleeting as the early morning dew. Now in Hos 6:5, the LORD announces that he will indeed appear as certainly as the morning; however, it will not be to rescue but to punish Israel: punishment will “come forth” (יֵצֵא) like the “light of the dawn” (אוֹר).

Hosea 6:6 - Contrary to popular misunderstanding, Hosea does not reject animal sacrifice nor cultic ritual, and advocate instead obedience only. Rather, God does not delight in ritual sacrifice without the accompanying prerequisite moral obedience (1 Sam 15:22; Ps 40:6–8; 51:16–17; Prov 21:3; Isa 1:11–17; Jer 7:21–23; Hos 6:6; Mic 6:6–8). However, if prerequisite moral obedience is present, he delights in sacrificial worship as an outward expression (Ps 51:19). Presented by a repentant obedient worshiper, whole burnt offerings were “an aroma pleasing” to the LORD (Lev 1:9, 13).

Hosea 12:9 - The LORD answers Ephraim’s self-assertion (“I am rich!”) with the self-introduction formula (“I am the LORD your God!”) which introduces judgment oracles and ethical instructions.

Hosea 13:1 - In Hosea the name “Ephraim” does not refer to the tribe, but to the region of Mount Ephraim where the royal residence of Samaria was located. It functions as a synecdoche of location (Mount Ephraim) for its inhabitants (the king of Samaria; e.g., 5:13; 8:8, 10).

Hosea 13:14 The two rhetorical questions in Hosea 13:14b function as words of encouragement, inviting personified Death and Sheol to draw near like foreign invading armies to attack and kill Israel (cf. TEV, CEV, NLT).

Hosea 14:2 - The repetition of the root לָקַח (laqakh) creates a striking wordplay in 14:2. If Israel will bring (לָקַח) its confession to God, he will accept (לָקַח) repentant Israel and completely forgive its sin.

Hosea 14:4 - The noun מְשׁוּבָתָה (méshuvatah, “waywardness”; cf. KJV “backsliding”) is from the same root as שׁוּבָה (shuvah, “return!”) in 14:1[2]. This repetition of שׁוּב (shuv) creates a wordplay which emphasizes reciprocity: if Israel will return (שׁוּבָה, shuvah) to the LORD, he will cure her of the tendency to turn away (מְשׁוּבָתָה) from him......The verb שָׁב, shav, “will turn” (Qal perfect 3rd person masculine singular from שׁוּב, shuv, “to turn”) continues the wordplay on שׁוּב in 14:1–4[2–5]. If Israel will “return” (שׁוּב) to the LORD, he will heal Israel’s tendency to “turn away” (מְשׁוּבָתָה, méshuvatah) and “turn” (שָׁב) from his anger.

Hosea Commentary Notes
Conservative, Literal Interpretation
Only Mp3 Available

Devotionals on Hosea
Radio Bible Class

See Multiple Devotionals

An Exegetical Commentary: Hosea

Conservative, Literal Interpretation. Well Done! Recommended

Commentary Notes on Hosea

Conservative, Literal Interpretation

Hosea Commentary

Hosea Commentary

Be cautious (Acts 17:11-note): Does not always interpret the Scripture literally and sometimes replaces Israel with the Church (note)

Commentary on Hosea
The Minor Prophets"
(originally published 1860)

James Rosscup writes "This work originally appeared in 1860. The present publication is set up in two columns to the page with the text of the Authorized Version reproduced at the top. Scripture references, Hebrew words, and other citations are relegated to the bottom of the page. The work is detailed and analytical in nature. Introduction, background and explanation of the Hebrew are quite helpful. Pusey holds to the grammatical-historical type of interpretation until he gets into sections dealing with the future of Israel, and here Israel becomes the church in the amillennial vein." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)

The Prophet Hosea

Conservative, Literal Interpretation

Brief Commentary Notes on Hosea

Conservative, Literal Interpretation

Sermon on Hosea
Horae Homileticae

Conservative, Literal Interpretation

NOTE: If you are not familiar with the great saint Charles Simeon see Dr John Piper's discussion of Simeon's life - you will want to read Simeon's sermons after meeting him! - click Brothers We Must Not Mind a Little Suffering (Mp3 even better)

Sermon/Commentary Notes on Hosea

Conservative, Literal Interpretation

Commentary on Hosea

Commentary on Hosea
The Expositor's Bible

James Rosscup writes "Though old this is well-written and often cited, with many good statements on spiritual truths. Users will find much that is worthwhile, and sometimes may disagree, as when he sees the Jonah account as allegorical (Ed: See Tony Garland's article on the Rise of Allegorical Interpretation)." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)

Note: This source is difficult to link to as the exposition is not always by discrete chapters

Commentary on Hosea

Be cautious (Acts 17:11-note): Does not always interpret the Scripture literally and sometimes replaces Israel with the Church (note)















Devotionals on Hosea
Morning and Evening
Faith's Checkbook

Sermon Notes on Hosea

All of Spurgeon's sermons
on Hosea

on Hosea
Conservative, Literal Interpretation

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These are Pdf's about 5-6 pages each.

on Hosea

Study Notes on Hosea

Hosea 1

Hosea 2

Hosea 3

Hosea 4

Hosea 5

Hosea 6

Hosea 7

Hosea 8

Hosea 9

Hosea 10

Hosea 11

Hosea 12

Hosea 13

Hosea 14

on Hosea
Moody Bible Institute
Conservative, Literal Interpretation



DISCLAIMER: Before you "go to the commentaries" go to the Scriptures and study them inductively (Click 3 part overview of how to do Inductive Bible Study) in dependence on your Teacher, the Holy Spirit, Who Jesus promised would guide us into all the truth (John 16:13). Remember that Scripture is always the best commentary on Scripture. Any commentary, even those by the most conservative and orthodox teacher/preachers cannot help but have at least some bias of the expositor based upon his training and experience. Therefore the inclusion of specific links does not indicate that we agree with every comment. We have made a sincere effort to select only the most conservative, "bibliocentric" commentaries. Should you discover some commentary or sermon you feel may not be orthodox, please email your concern. I have removed several links in response to concerns by discerning readers. I recommend that your priority be a steady intake of solid Biblical food so that with practice you will have your spiritual senses trained to discern good from evil (Heb 5:14-note).