Joshua 19 Commentary

 


Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission

Paul J Bucknell - Biblical Foundations for Freedom

LAND ALLOTMENTS
(Joshua 13-21)
Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission

Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission

Click charts to enlarge Charts from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission

JOSHUA
A BOOK ON SPIRITUAL WARFARE and REST
HOW TO POSSESS YOUR POSSESSIONS

CONQUEST
OF THE PROMISED LAND

DIVISION
OF THE PROMISED LAND

CLOSE OF JOSHUA'S LIFE

ACTION ALLOCATION APPEAL
Josh 1:1-5:15 Josh 6:1-12:24 Joshua 13:1-21:45 Josh 22:1-24:33

WARLORDS IN
CANAAN

LANDLORDS IN
CANAAN

ENTERING
CANAAN

CONQUERING
CANAAN

DIVIDING
CANAAN

SECURING THE
LAND

SETTLING THE
LAND

Preparation

Conquest

Possession

Consecration

ca. 1 Month ca 7 Years ca. 18 Years

See also more detailed Chart by Charles R Swindoll


Map to help you visualize the descriptions of boundaries
(Click here for another excellent map of the Tribal Allotments)
Here is another excellent map of the Tribal Allotments

SUMMARY OF LAND ALLOTMENTS

Tribe
(Number of male warriors)

Location

Significance
of Location

Description
Resources

Josh 18:11–28
BENJAMIN
45,600

-between Judah and Ephraim

-location of holy Jerusalem
-encouraged close association with Judah

-mountains and ravines
-rough terrain
-not productive

Josh 19:1–9
SIMEON
22,200

-part of Judah on the south

-enemy exposed

  mostly flat and desert

Josh 19:10–16 ZEBULUN 60,500

-included plain of Megiddo
-had access to the coast

-next to its wilderness encampment neighbor, Issachar

-fertile plain
-road to sea
-very productive

Josh 19:17–23 ISSACHAR 64,300

-east of Zebulun
-south of Sea of Galilee

-valley of Jezreel a noted battlefield of Palestine

-beautiful location
-in traffic of plain
-very productive

Josh 19:24–31 ASHER
53,400

-south of enemy Sidonians
-coastal land from Carmel to Sidon

-Asher’s strength protected Israel from northern coastal enemies

-fertile coastal plains
-famous for olives

Josh 19:32–39
NAPHTALI
45,400

 

 -east of Asher

 -west of Sea of Galilee and Merom

-important lands in N.T. history

 -north-south ridge through the land
-fertile, productive valleys

Josh 19:40–48
DAN
64,400

-west of Benjamin
-access to Great Sea

-original location too small
-exposed to Philistines on SW

-productive section in Philistines’ hands

-- Irving Jensen Joshua- Everyman's Bible Commentary: Rest-Land Won

Joshua 19:1  Then the second lot fell to Simeon, to the tribe of the sons of Simeon according to their families, and their inheritance was in the midst of the inheritance of the sons of Judah.

  • second lot: Jos 18:6-11 
  • within the: Jos 19:9 Ge 49:5-7 
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

Then the second lot fell to Simeon, to the tribe of the sons of Simeon according to their families, and their inheritance was in the midst of the inheritance of the sons of Judah.

Ryrie - Vs. 19:1-9  Simeon was given land in the southern section of Judah's territory in fulfillment of Jacob's prophecy. See note on Gen. 49:5. Simeon eventually migrated N when its territory was incorporated into Judah's. See note on 1 Kings 11:13. 

Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary - Verses 1-9. The men of Judah did not oppose taking away the cities within their border, when convinced that they had more than was right. If a true believer has obtained an unintended and improper advantage in any thing, he will give it up without murmuring. Love seeketh not her own, and doth not behave unseemly; it will induce those in whom it richly dwells, to part with their own to supply what is lacking to their brethren. 


GEORGE BUSH  Notes Critical and Practical on the Book of Joshua - Chapter 19

1. The second lot came forth. Out of the urn. See on ch. 18:11.

For the tribe of the children of Simeon. Exegetical of the preceding word ‘simeon,’ showing that the names of persons are employed, as we have often elsewhere remarked, in a collective sense for the political bodies, the tribes, kingdoms, or countries of which they are the founders.

Their inheritance was within the inheritance of the children of Judah. It would seem that the first rude survey had led to an erroneous impression of the extent of the country. They had supposed it to be much larger than it really was. Under this impression they had assigned a large territory to Judah, taking it for granted that the lots of the other tribes would be in the same proportion. But upon closer examination it was found that at that rate of assignment the land would not hold out, and some of the tribes must be very much scanted or left wholly destitute of their just inheritance. The obvious expedient was to take a part of the territory of Judah and allot it to Simeon. The inheritance of this tribe therefore is said to have fallen within the inheritance of Judah, because it was included within the original limits of the latter tribe, and is elsewhere seldom or never spoken of as a distinct district. In this arrangement the providence of God is to be especially noted, as Jacob, in the spirit of prophecy, had foretold that Simeon and Levi should be ‘divided in Jacob, and scattered in Israel.’ Gen. 49:7. This was accordingly most literally fulfilled in the manner in which these tribes were now disposed of. Levi was ‘scattered’ throughout all the land, not having received any distinct inheritance, but only certain ‘cities to dwell in;’ and Simeon, as we here learn, was ‘divided,’ or dispersed over the territories of Judah instead of having one of their own. This arrangement brought them into confederacy with the tribe of Judah, Judg. 1:3, and afterwards was the occasion of the adherence of many of this tribe to the house of David at the time of the revolt of the ten tribes to Jeroboam. 2 Chron. 15:9, ‘Out of Simeon they fell to Asa in abundance.’

Joshua 19:2  So they had as their inheritance Beersheba or Sheba and Moladah,

  • and Moladah: Jos 15:28 Ge 21:31 1Ch 4:28-30, Bilhah, Ezem, Tolad, Bethuel, Ne 11:26-30 
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

So they had as their inheritance Beersheba or Sheba and Moladah,


GEORGE BUSH  Notes Critical and Practical on the Book of Joshua - Chapter 19

eersheba, Sheba. Heb. ‘Beersheba and (or even) Sheba.’ That one and the same city is designated by both these names, is clear from the fact that otherwise there would have been fourteen cities instead of thirteen. Besides, in 1 Chron. 4:28, where Simeon’s cities are enumerated, the mention of Sheba is omitted as superfluous. As to the import of these names, see on Gen. 21:31, 32. In the description of the lots of Judah and Benjamin, an account is given both of the limits by which they were bounded and of the cities contained in them. In that of Ephraim and Manasseh the boundaries are given, but not the cities. In this chapter Simeon and Dan are described by their cities only, and not by their borders, because they were small, and the former lay within the limits of another tribe. The rest have both their borders described, and their cities named.

Joshua 19:3  and Hazar-shual and Balah and Ezem,

and Hazar-shual and Balah and Ezem,

Joshua 19:4  and Eltolad and Bethul and Hormah,

  • Eltolad: Jos 15:30 
  • Hormah: Jdg 1:17
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

and Eltolad and Bethul and Hormah,

Joshua 19:5  and Ziklag and Beth-marcaboth and Hazar-susah,

  • Ziklag: Jos 15:31 1Sa 27:6 30:1 
  • Hazarsusah: 1Ch 4:31, Hazar-susim
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

and Ziklag and Beth-marcaboth and Hazar-susah,

Joshua 19:6  and Beth-lebaoth and Sharuhen; thirteen cities with their villages;

 and Beth-lebaoth and Sharuhen; thirteen cities with their villages;

Joshua 19:7  Ain, Rimmon and Ether and Ashan; four cities with their villages;

  • Ain: Jos 15:32 
  • Remmon: Nu 33:19,20 1Ch 4:32, Rimmon
  • Ether: Jos 15:42 
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

Ain, Rimmon and Ether and Ashan; four cities with their villages;

Joshua 19:8  and all the villages which were around these cities as far as Baalath-beer, Ramah of the Negev. This was the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Simeon according to their families.

  • Baalathbeer: 1Ch 4:33 
  • Ramath: 1Sa 30:27, Ramoth
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

and all the villages which were around these cities as far as Baalath-beer, Ramah of the Negev. This was the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Simeon according to their families.

Joshua 19:9  The inheritance of the sons of Simeon was taken from the portion of the sons of Judah, for the share of the sons of Judah was too large for them; so the sons of Simeon received an inheritance in the midst of Judah's inheritance.

  • too much: Ex 16:18 2Co 8:14,15 
  • therefore: Jos 19:1 
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

The inheritance of the sons of Simeon was taken from the portion of the sons of Judah, for the share of the sons of Judah was too large for them; so the sons of Simeon received an inheritance in the midst of Judah's inheritance.


GEORGE BUSH  Notes Critical and Practical on the Book of Joshua - Chapter 19

The part of the children of Judah was too much for them. Too large in proportion to the other tribes, and too large for their actual necessities; although, as being the most numerous of all the tribes, it might justly claim a more extensive territory than any of the rest. Yet when it was found that they could not insist upon the original allotment without manifest injustice to the other tribes, the men of Judah submitted without a murmur to relinquish a part of their possession. They will take no advantage of an unintentional error by withholding that which equity and kindness would require them to give up. The same generous principle will operate in like manner with every good man. If he has chanced, through the inadvertency or mistake of another, to gain an undue advantage in a contract, he will cheerfully waive his right and make all the concessions which, in similar circumstances, he would wish to have made to himself. He will, as the apostle enjoins, look upon the things of others, as well as upon his own.

Joshua 19:10  Now the third lot came up for the sons of Zebulun according to their families. And the territory of their inheritance was as far as Sarid.

  • third: Jos 18:6,11 
  • Zebulun: Ge 49:13 De 33:18,19 
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

Now the third lot came up for the sons of Zebulun according to their families. And the territory of their inheritance was as far as Sarid.

Ryrie - Zebulun was allotted a landlocked area in lower Galilee that included Nazareth and was traversed by trade routes. 

Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary - Verses 10-16. In the division to each tribe of Israel, the prophetic blessings of Jacob were fulfilled. They chose for themselves, or it was divided to them by lot, in the manner and places that he foresaw. So sure a rule to go by is the word of prophecy: we see by it what to believe, and it proves beyond all dispute the things that are of God.


GEORGE BUSH  Notes Critical and Practical on the Book of Joshua - Chapter 19

The third lot came up for the children of Zebulun. Though Zebulun was younger than Issachar, yet both in the prophetic blessing of Jacob and of Moses he came before him, and in like manner he has the precedency here also in the allotment of his inheritance. Providence is wonderful in its correspondence with prophecy. The lot of this tribe was washed by the Mediterranean on the west, and by the sea of Galilee on the east, agreeably to Jacob’s prediction, Gen. 49:13, that Zebulun should be ‘a haven of ships.’

Joshua 19:11  Then their border went up to the west and to Maralah, it then touched Dabbesheth and reached to the brook that is before Jokneam.

  • the river: The river Kishon, which empties itself into the Mediterranean near mount Carmel, in the vicinity of which Jokneam was situated.
  • Jokneam: Jos 12:22 1Ki 4:12 1Ch 6:68, Jokmeam
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

Then their border went up to the west and to Maralah, it then touched Dabbesheth and reached to the brook that is before Jokneam.

Joshua 19:12  Then it turned from Sarid to the east toward the sunrise as far as the border of Chisloth-tabor, and it proceeded to Daberath and up to Japhia.

  • Chislothtabor: Called Chasalus by Eusebius and Jerome, and placed at the foot of mount Tabor, eight miles east of Diocesarea. Jos 19:22 Jdg 4:6,12 Ps 89:12 
  • Daberath: Josephus, who calls this town Dabaritta, or Darabitta, places it in the plain of Jezreel, or Esdraelon, on the confines of Samaria and Galilee.  It is probably the Dabira which Jerome place towards amount Tabor, in the district of Diocesarea; and the Debora or Daboura, mentioned by travellers as a village at the foot of mount Tabor. Jos 21:28, Dabareh, 1Ch 6:72 
  • Japhia: Probably Japha, a city of Galilee, near Jotapata, mentioned by Josephus.
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

Then it turned from Sarid to the east toward the sunrise as far as the border of Chisloth-tabor, and it proceeded to Daberath and up to Japhia.

Joshua 19:13  From there it continued eastward toward the sunrise to Gath-hepher, to Eth-kazin, and it proceeded to Rimmon which stretches to Neah.

  • Gittahhepher: Placed by Jerome two miles from Sephoris, or Diocesarea, towards Tiberias. 2Ki 14:25, Gath-hepher, methoar, or, which is drawn
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

From there it continued eastward toward the sunrise to Gath-hepher, to Eth-kazin, and it proceeded to Rimmon which stretches to Neah.

Joshua 19:14  The border circled around it on the north to Hannathon, and it ended at the valley of Iphtahel.

The border circled around it on the north to Hannathon, and it ended at the valley of Iphtahel.

Joshua 19:15  Included also were Kattah and Nahalal and Shimron and Idalah and Bethlehem; twelve cities with their villages.

  • Kattath: etc. Jos 21:34,35 Jdg 1:30. Nahalol
  • Shimron: Jos 11:1 12:20 
  • Bethlehem: Ru 1:19 2Sa 23:15 2Ch 11:6 
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

 Included also were Kattah and Nahalal and Shimron and Idalah and Bethlehem; twelve cities with their villages - Not Bethlehem in Judah.


GEORGE BUSH  Notes Critical and Practical on the Book of Joshua - Chapter 19

Beth-lehem. A place lying at a great distance to the north of the Beth-lehem in Judah where our Lord was born.

Joshua 19:16  This was the inheritance of the sons of Zebulun according to their families, these cities with their villages.

This was the inheritance of the sons of Zebulun according to their families, these cities with their villages.

Joshua 19:17  The fourth lot fell to Issachar, to the sons of Issachar according to their families.

The fourth lot fell to Issachar, to the sons of Issachar according to their families.

Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary - Verses 17-51. Joshua waited till all the tribes were settled, before he asked any provision for himself. He was content to be unfixed, till he saw them all placed, and herein is an example to all in public places, to prefer the common welfare before private advantage. Those who labour most to do good to others, seek an inheritance in the Canaan above: but it will be soon enough to enter thereon, when they have done all the service to their brethren of which they are capable. Nor can any thing more effectually assure them of their title to it, than endeavouring to bring others to desire, to seek, and to obtain it. Our Lord Jesus came and dwelt on earth, not in pomp but poverty, providing rest for man, yet himself not having where to lay his head; for Christ pleased not himself. Nor would he enter upon his inheritance, till by his obedience to death he secured the eternal inheritance for all his people; nor will he account his own glory completed, till every ransomed sinner is put in possession of his heavenly rest. 

Joshua 19:18  Their territory was to Jezreel and included Chesulloth and Shunem,

  • Jezreel: 1Ki 21:1,15,16 2Ki 8:29 9:15,30 Ho 1:4,5 
  • Chesulloth: Probably the same as Chisloth-tabor. Jos 19:12 
  • Shunem: 1Sa 28:4 1Ki 1:3 2:17,21 2Ki 4:8,12 
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

Their territory was to Jezreel and included Chesulloth and Shunem,

Joshua 19:19  and Hapharaim and Shion and Anaharath,

  • Haphraim: A town called Aiphraim, in the time of Eusebius, six miles north of Legio.
  • Shihon: A town called Seon by Eusebius, at the foot of mount Tabor. Jos 19:19 
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and Hapharaim and Shion and Anaharath,

Joshua 19:20  and Rabbith and Kishion and Ebez,

and Rabbith and Kishion and Ebez,

Joshua 19:21  and Remeth and En-gannim and En-haddah and Beth-pazzez.

and Remeth and En-gannim and En-haddah and Beth-pazzez.

Joshua 19:22  The border reached to Tabor and Shahazumah and Beth-shemesh, and their border ended at the Jordan; sixteen cities with their villages.

  • Tabor: Jos 19:12 Jdg 4:6 1Ch 6:77 Jer 46:18 
  • Bethshemesh: Jos 19:38 21:16 1Sa 6:9-19 1Ki 4:9 2Ki 14:11-13 
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

The border reached to Tabor and Shahazumah and Beth-shemesh, and their border ended at the Jordan; sixteen cities with their villages.

Joshua 19:23  This was the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Issachar according to their families, the cities with their villages.

 This was the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Issachar according to their families, the cities with their villages

Joshua 19:24  Now the fifth lot fell to the tribe of the sons of Asher according to their families.

  • The lot Asher lay upon the coast of the great sea.  We read of only one remarkable person of this tribe, and that was Anna, the prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, a widow of about four-score and four years, which departed not from the temple, but served God with fastings and prayers night and day.
  • Lu 2:26-38 
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

Now the fifth lot fell to the tribe of the sons of Asher according to their families.

Joshua 19:25  Their territory was Helkath and Hali and Beten and Achshaph,

  • Helkath: 2Sa 2:16 
  • Beten: Probably the same as Bebeten or Batnai, mentioned by Eusebius, eight miles east from Ptolemais; and perhaps the Ecbatana which Pliny places not far from Ptolemais.
  • Achshaph: Jos 11:1 12:20 
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

Their territory was Helkath and Hali and Beten and Achshaph,


GEORGE BUSH  Notes Critical and Practical on the Book of Joshua - Chapter 19

And their border. The word ‘border’ or ‘boundary’ both here and in what follows, is not to be understood simply of the boundary line, but also of all the towns and lands which it embraces. It might be rendered, ‘district’ or’ ‘territory.’

Joshua 19:26  and Allammelech and Amad and Mishal; and it reached to Carmel on the west and to Shihor-libnath.

  • Misheal: Situated, according to Eusebius, near mount Carmel, on the sea coast. Jos 21:30 1Ch 6:74, Marshal
  • Carmel: 1Sa 15:12 1Ki 18:20,42 Song 7:5 Isa 33:9 35:2 37:24 Jer 46:18 
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

and Allammelech and Amad and Mishal; and it reached to Carmel on the west and to Shihor-libnath.

Joshua 19:27  It turned toward the east to Beth-dagon and reached to Zebulun, and to the valley of Iphtahel northward to Beth-emek and Neiel; then it proceeded on north to Cabul,

  • Bethdagon: 1Sa 5:2 
  • Zebulun: Situated on the sea coast, near Ptolemais.
  • valley: Jos 19:14 
  • Cabul: Supposed to be the same town which Josephus calls [Choboulo,] and which he says was situated near the sea side, near Ptolemais. 1Ki 9:13 
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

It turned toward the east to Beth-dagon and reached to Zebulun, and to the valley of Iphtahel northward to Beth-emek and Neiel; then it proceeded on north to Cabul,

Joshua 19:28  and Ebron and Rehob and Hammon and Kanah, as far as Great Sidon.

  • Rehob: Jos 19:30 
  • Kanah: This seems a different Cana from that in Lower Galilee; and to be that which is placed in some maps east of Tyre, between Libanus and Antilibanus, and south of the river Cassimer, or Leitani. Joh 2:1,11 4:46, Cana
  • great: Jos 11:8 Jdg 1:31 Isa 23:2,4,12
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and Ebron and Rehob and Hammon and Kanah, as far as Great Sidon.

Joshua 19:29  The border turned to Ramah and to the fortified city of Tyre; then the border turned to Hosah, and it ended at the sea by the region of Achzib.

  • Ramah: Probably the Rama mentioned by Theodoret as a city of Syria; and placed in some maps between Sarepta and Sidon, eastward, near Lebanon.
  • Tyre: Heb. Tzor, 2Sa 5:11 Isa 23:1-18 Eze 26:1-28:26 
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Achzib: Ge 38:5 Jdg 1:31 Mic 1:14 

The border turned to Ramah and to the fortified city of Tyre; then the border turned to Hosah, and it ended at the sea by the region of Achzib.

Joshua 19:30  Included also were Ummah, and Aphek and Rehob; twenty-two cities with their villages.

  • Aphek: Jos 12:18 13:4 1Sa 4:1 1Ki 20:30 
  • Rehob: Jos 19:28 21:31 Nu 13:11 
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

 Included also were Ummah, and Aphek and Rehob; twenty-two cities with their villages.


GEORGE BUSH  Notes Critical and Practical on the Book of Joshua - Chapter 19

Twenty and two cities. The above enumeration gives us nearly thirty cities instead of twenty-two, but probably several are mentioned which were only frontier towns, sometimes reckoned as belonging to one tribe, and sometimes to another, or perhaps some of the appendant villages are named, as well as the towns.

Joshua 19:31  This was the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Asher according to their families, these cities with their villages.

This was the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Asher according to their families, these cities with their villages.

Joshua 19:32  The sixth lot fell to the sons of Naphtali; to the sons of Naphtali according to their families.

The sixth lot fell to the sons of Naphtali; to the sons of Naphtali according to their families.

Joshua 19:33  Their border was from Heleph, from the oak in Zaanannim and Adami-nekeb and Jabneel, as far as Lakkum, and it ended at the Jordan.

Their border was from Heleph, from the oak in Zaanannim and Adami-nekeb and Jabneel, as far as Lakkum, and it ended at the Jordan.

Joshua 19:34  Then the border turned westward to Aznoth-tabor and proceeded from there to Hukkok; and it reached to Zebulun on the south and touched Asher on the west, and to Judah at the Jordan toward the east.

  • turneth: De 33:23 
  • Aznothtabor: Apparently the same as Azanoth, which Eusebius places in the plain not far from Diocesarea or Sephoris. Jos 19:12,22 
  • Judah: As it is certain that the tribe of Naphtali did not border upon that of Judah, there being several tribes between, we should probably omit Judah, with the Septuagint; though it may have been a town so called.
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

 Then the border turned westward to Aznoth-tabor and proceeded from there to Hukkok; and it reached to Zebulun on the south and touched Asher on the west, and to Judah at the Jordan toward the east.


GEORGE BUSH  Notes Critical and Practical on the Book of Joshua - Chapter 19

To Judah upon Jordan. How this is to be understood is not clear. It is certain that the tribe of Naphtali did not border on the east nor in any other direction, upon Judah, for there were several tribes that lay between them. Both tribes, however, were bounded by the Jordan on the east, and they might be considered as in some sort conjoined by the easy communication with each other by means of that river. This we deem the only plausible interpretation of the passage, and thus understood it goes strikingly to illustrate the obscure prediction of Moses, Deut. 33:23, that Naphtali should ‘possess the west and the south,’ i. e. that although his settlement should be in the west or northwest, yet by means of the navigation of the Jordan, he should avail himself of the advantages of traffic with all the southern section of the land.

Joshua 19:35  The fortified cities were Ziddim, Zer and Hammath, Rakkath and Chinnereth,

  • Hammath: Ge 10:18 Nu 13:21 34:8 34:8 1Ki 8:65, Hamath
  • Chinnereth: Jos 11:2, Chinneroth, Jos 13:27 Mk 6:53, Gennesaret
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The fortified cities were Ziddim, Zer and Hammath, Rakkath and Chinnereth

Joshua 19:36  and Adamah and Ramah and Hazor,

 and Adamah and Ramah and Hazor,

Joshua 19:37  and Kedesh and Edrei and En-hazor,

and Kedesh and Edrei and En-hazor,

Joshua 19:38  and Yiron and Migdal-el, Horem and Beth-anath and Beth-shemesh; nineteen cities with their villages.

  • Bethanath: Eusebius mentions a town of the name of [Batanaian,] fifteen miles from Cesarea. (Diocesarea or Sephoris probably.)
  • Bethshemesh: Jos 19:22 
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

and Yiron and Migdal-el, Horem and Beth-anath and Beth-shemesh; nineteen cities with their villages

Joshua 19:39  This was the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Naphtali according to their families, the cities with their villages.

This was the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Naphtali according to their families, the cities with their villages

Joshua 19:40  The seventh lot fell to the tribe of the sons of Dan according to their families.

The seventh lot fell to the tribe of the sons of Dan according to their families

Joshua 19:41  The territory of their inheritance was Zorah and Eshtaol and Ir-shemesh,

  • Zorah: Situated on the frontiers of Dan and Judah, tens miles north from Eleutheropolis, towards Nicoplis, according to Eusebius, not far from Caphar Sorek. Jos 15:33, Zoreah, Jdg 13:2,25 16:31 18:2 1Ch 2:53 2Ch 11:10 
  • Irshemesh: Supposed by some to be the same as Beth-shemesh in the tribe of Judah; but this latter city is evidently distinguished from it by being assigned by the tribe of Judah to the Levites. (ch. 21:16.)  Ir-shemesh rendered [polis Sammaus] by the LXX., seems to be the same as Emmaus or Nicopolis, 22 miles south-east from Lydda, according to the Old Jerusalem Itinerary.
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

The territory of their inheritance was Zorah and Eshtaol and Ir-shemesh,

Joshua 19:42  and Shaalabbin and Aijalon and Ithlah,

  • Shaalabbin: Eusebius calls it [Salaba,] and places it in Samaria:  and Jerome calls it Salebi, (Eze 48,) and joins it to Ajalon and Emmaus. Jdg 1:35, Shaalbim
  • Ajalon: This appears to be the Ajalon which Jerome places two miles from Nicopolis or Emmaus, in the road to Jerusalem. Jos 10:12 21:24 1Sa 14:31 
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

and Shaalabbin and Aijalon and Ithlah,

Joshua 19:43  and Elon and Timnah and Ekron,

  • Thimnathah: Ge 38:12 Jdg 14:1,2, Timnath
  • Ekron: Ekron is placed by Eusebius between Ashdod and Jamnia, eastward; and probably the ruined village of Tookrair, mentioned by Dr. Richarson, situated on the top of a hill, and which he says seems to have been a place of considerable consequence, occupies its site. Jos 15:45 1Sa 5:10 Am 1:8 
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

and Elon and Timnah and Ekron,

Joshua 19:44  and Eltekeh and Gibbethon and Baalath,

  • Gibbethon: Jos 21:23 1Ki 15:27 16:15 
  • Baalath: 1Ki 9:18 
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

and Eltekeh and Gibbethon and Baalath,

Joshua 19:45  and Jehud and Bene-berak and Gath-rimmon,

and Jehud and Bene-berak and Gath-rimmon,

Joshua 19:46  and Me-jarkon and Rakkon, with the territory over against Joppa.

  • before: or, over against
  • Japho: or, Joppa, Jon 1:3 Ac 9:36,43 10:8 
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

and Me-jarkon and Rakkon, with the territory over against Joppa.

Joshua 19:47  The territory of the sons of Dan proceeded beyond them; for the sons of Dan went up and fought with Leshem and captured it. Then they struck it with the edge of the sword and possessed it and settled in it; and they called Leshem Dan after the name of Dan their father.

  • the coast: Jdg 1:34,35 18:1-29 
  • called Leshem: Jdg 18:7,27,29, Laish
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

The territory of the sons of Dan proceeded beyond them; for the sons of Dan went up and fought with Leshem and captured it. Then they struck it with the edge of the sword and possessed it and settled in it; and they called Leshem Dan after the name of Dan their father.

Leshem (called Laish) refers to the migration that occurred after Joshua died and therefore must be considered an editorial comment in Joshua in order to clarify a point.  Arthur Lewis comments on the beauty of the area around the modern day tourist site of Tell Dan which includes a replica of pagan altar: "Travellers who have visited the Huleh Valley and the vicinity of Dan expound on the natural resources and the fertility of the area. Water comes from every rock and hill, pouring down from the nearby mountains of Lebanon. Like Scotland, this part of Galilee is green and overgrown with all forms of vegetation. The tribe of Dan had seized upon a veritable paradise on earth!"


GEORGE BUSH  Notes Critical and Practical on the Book of Joshua - Chapter 19

The coast of the children of Dan went out too little for them. Heb. יצא מהם yëtzë mëhem, went out from them; i. e. out of their hands, out of their possession. A similar usage of the Heb. verb occurs Lev. 25:28–33, where the lands in the year of the jubilee are said to ‘go out;’ i. e. out of the hands of the present possessor, to the original owner. The meaning here undoubtedly is, that the Danites, being closely pressed upon by their powerful neighbors the Philistines, were forced in considerable numbers to abandon their allotted possessions. In consequence of having their original portion thus wrested out of their hands, they were induced to seek another in a distant quarter of the land, and made an inroad accordingly upon Leshem, lying at the foot of mount Lebanon and near the sources of the river Jordan. This event, which occurred some time after the death of Joshua, and is more fully recorded, Judg. 18:1–29, is touched upon here both to complete what is said of the inheritance of the Danites, and to intimate how it happened, that a part of the tribe were afterwards found inhabiting a district of the country so remote from their original possessions. This addition to the narrative was perhaps made by Phineas.

Cities Not Conquered
by the Israelites

TRIBES

JOSHUA

JUDGES

PEOPLE

CITIES

Israelites in General

Josh 13:13

 

 

 

Judah

Josh 15:63

 

Jebusites

Jerusalem

Benjamin

 

Jdg 1:21

Jebusites

Jerusalem

W. Manasseh

Josh 17:11-12

Jdg 1:27-28

Canaanites

Beth Shan, Taanach, Dor, Ibleam, Megiddo, Endor,* Naphoth*

Ephraim

Josh 16:10

Jdg 1:29

Canaanites

Gezer

Zebulun

 

Jdg 1:30

Canaanites

Kitron, Nahalol

Asher

 

Jdg 1:31-32

Canaanites

Acco, Sidon, Ahlab, Aczib, Helbah, Aphek, Rehob

Naphtali

 

Jdg 1:33

Canaanites

Beth Shemesh, Beth Anath

Dan

Josh 19:47

Jdg 1:34-35

Amorites

Leshem

Note - This is a list of the so-called “Conquest Lacunae,” consisting primarily of cities the Israelites did not conquer (see Kallai, Historical Geography, 102–11). It differs from the list of “Remaining Lands,” which are listed together in Josh 13:2–6 and consist of territories the Israelites did not conquer (in addition to Kallai, see Na’aman, Borders and Districts, 39–73). (Source: David Howard - Joshua: An Exegetical and Theological Exposition of Holy Scripture Volume 5 The New American Commentary)

Joshua 19:48  This was the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Dan according to their families, these cities with their villages.

 This was the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Dan according to their families, these cities with their villages.

Joshua 19:49  When they finished apportioning the land for inheritance by its borders, the sons of Israel gave an inheritance in their midst to Joshua the son of Nun.

When they finished apportioning the land for inheritance by its borders, the sons of Israel gave an inheritance in their midst to Joshua the son of Nun.


GEORGE BUSH  Notes Critical and Practical on the Book of Joshua - Chapter 19

The children of Israel gave an inheritance to Joshua. As it is said immediately afterwards, v. 50, that Joshua received his inheritance ‘according to the word of the Lord,’ it could be considered no otherwise the gift of the people, than as they cheerfully acquiesced in the assignment, and were glad of an opportunity of thus testifying, by their hearty concurrence, their affection for their veherable leader and their interest in his comfortable settlement in his old age. On his part, he evinced a striking moderation and disinterestedness, and proposed a noble example to all in public places, in making no provision for himself till he saw all the tribes fixed in their respective inheritances. This was acting in the true spirit of a public servant—to prefer the general welfare to his private convenience, ease, or emolument. So the servants of Christ, while they fully appreciate and ardently covet an inheritance in the Canaan above, will deem it soon enough to enter upon it when they have done all in their power towards bringing others to partake of the same glorious possession.

Joshua 19:50  In accordance with the command of the LORD they gave him the city for which he asked, Timnath-serah in the hill country of Ephraim. So he built the city and settled in it.

  • Timnathserah: Jos 24:30 Jdg 2:9, Timnath-heres, 1Ch 7:24 
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

 In accordance with the command of the LORD they gave him the city for which he asked, Timnath-serah in the hill country of Ephraim. So he built the city and settled in it.

Henry Morris - which he asked.  As Caleb was the first to request and be given his inheritance (among the tribes west of the Jordan, that is), so Joshua was the last (Joshua 19:49).


GEORGE BUSH  Notes Critical and Practical on the Book of Joshua - Chapter 19

According to the word of the Lord. According to the promise of the Lord; made probably at the same time that a particular inheritance was promised to Caleb. This is to be inferred from Caleb’s words, ch. 14:6, who in speaking to Joshua says, ‘Thou knowest the things that the Lord said unto Moses the man of God concerning me and thee in Kadesh-barnea.’ As Joshua had, on the occasion referred to, evinced equal courage and fidelity with Caleb, it is reasonable to suppose that he received the same tokens of the divine approbation.

Timnath-serah. Called Timnath-heres, Judg. 2:9, where we learn that the name of the mountain on which it stood was Gaash. It was here that Joshua was buried, ch. 24:30.

He built the city. Repaired it, put it in order, perhaps enlarged and adorned it. In this sense Nebuchadnezzar is said, Dan. 4:30, ‘to have built Babylon.’

Joshua 19:51  These are the inheritances which Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun, and the heads of the households of the tribes of the sons of Israel distributed by lot in Shiloh before the LORD at the doorway of the tent of meeting. So they finished dividing the land.

  • These are: Jos 14:1 Nu 34:17-29 Ps 47:3,4 Mt 20:23 25:34 Joh 14:2,3 17:2 Heb 4:8,9 
  • in Shiloh: Jos 18:1,10 Ge 49:10 Jdg 21:19,21 1Sa 1:3 Ps 78:60 Jer 7:12-14 
  • Joshua 19 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

These are the inheritances which Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun, and the heads of the households of the tribes of the sons of Israel distributed by lot in Shiloh before the LORD at the doorway of the tent of meeting. So they finished dividing the land.

Guzik - Joshua received what was promised to him by God, but in remarkable humility, he receives his portion last. This is the kind of humble service and concern for others that makes Joshua such a wonderful picture of Jesus Christ.

The section closes with the record that Joshua is given Timnath-serah ( = “Timnath-heres”) in Ephraim (19:49–51). The notice that dividing the land is completed (v. 49) is important theologically. It must be understood in terms of the ideology expressed in Joshua 23:14. God had fulfilled all his good promises in giving the land to the Israelites. True, further covenant faithfulness and obedience would be necessary for complete possession of the land, but God’s part in giving the land has been accomplished.


GEORGE BUSH  Notes Critical and Practical on the Book of Joshua - Chapter 19

These are the inheritances, &c. This verse is inserted as a general conclusion to all that has been thus far said of the distribution of the land among the several tribes. The writer now turns to another subject.

Book