Introduction: These transcripts of Kay Arthur's lectures on Revelation (Parts 2-4) are provided as a service to the body of Christ with the written permission of Precept Ministries International. This material is the property of Precept Ministries International and all rights are reserved. The transcripts are for the most part verbatim with deletions identified by the characters (… ). The utilization of italics, bolding, hyperlinks and pop up notes represent editorial additions. Any written additions are identified by the designation "Ed note". Note that all text in blue identifies a link or popup. All reference are the NASB unless otherwise indicated. Please note that these lectures by Kay Arthur supplement the excellent Precept Upon Precept inductive Bible study on the Revelation. Click the following links to view each division of this encouraging study and note that you can also download the first lesson of each of the 4 parts:
If you can find a local Precept class studying Revelation, I would strongly encourage you to join the class, as I know of no other study available anywhere in the world that will equip you so thoroughly to discern the signs of the times and cause you to live expectantly as you look for Christ's Return!
Index to Revelation Lectures
Rev, Pt. 3: Lecture 10:
by Kay Arthur
God made a promise to Israel that someday He would bring them back to their land and they would never leave that land again (cp Dt 30:1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, Jer 23:3, et al). And then He told them that He would put His Spirit within them. It hasn't happened yet. Some people say that God is finished with Israel. Some say that God's covenant promise in Jer 31:31, 32, 33, 34 really belongs to the Church and not to Israel. (Ed: See related resource Israel of God )
What does God's Word really say? Will all Israel be saved when the Gentiles all come in? Will a Deliverer really come from Zion and save all Israel?
Ezekiel 36 opens with a prophecy to the mountains:
So here God is promising that the mountains of Israel will again bear fruit and will be prepared for His people to return. We see a return of all Israel prophesied in
So FIRST God will get the MOUNTAINS ready for the people and NEXT the people will come and ALL THE HOUSE OF ISRAEL will dwell on these mountains. Ezekiel is writing from captivity, having been taken captive in the second siege of Jerusalem in 597 BC along with 10,000 other Jews captured by Nebuchadnezzar. So both Ezekiel and Daniel are prophesying from captivity. Ezekiel is prophesying a return to the land and in fact after 70 years a remnant returned to the LAND of Israel. So is the Prophecy in Ezekiel 36 talking about this return or is there another yet to come? Careful observation of the text indicates that this prophecy is yet future, even after the death of Jesus Christ. Kay believes we began to see this prophecy fulfilled when we began to see the Jews return to Jerusalem in 1948, so that it is a prophecy that is being fulfilled in front of our very eyes!
THEY WILL NEVER
BE DISPERSED AGAIN
(Ed: The time phrase "never again" in this verse is why Kay believes this prophecy awaits a future fulfillment and is not fulfilled in the return of the Jews after the 70 years of exile in Babylon. Kay goes on to explain her logic.) After the return from 70 years captivity the Jews were kicked out of the land in 70AD (they were ''bereaved of children'').
When the Jews return
certain things have to happen
Doesn't this sound like what has happened to the CHURCH? This sounds a lot like 2 Cor 3:1-18 where Paul describes the believers there as no longer under the old covenant but under the new covenant. But this promise is given to THE JEWS so the question is WHEN DO THEY GET THE SPIRIT? In the context of this passage it would be after they are brought back into the LAND.
So if you take God's Word LITERALLY, not trying to allegorize it or spiritualize it, His Word clearly says that He is going to prepare the MOUNTAINS, they will bring forth FRUIT and then God will bring the Jews back to the mountains. Then God is going to CLEANSE the Jews of all filthiness and idolatry. Then He will take away their heart of stone and give them a heart of flesh and put His Spirit within them and they will live in the land. Then they will be God's people and He will be their God.
Yes today the cities of Israel are inhabited… but although they will never be kicked off of their land, they are yet to undergo a great judgment--the great tribulation--which we read about in Rev 12-13.
So there is a time coming when even the cities that have been inhabited will be destroyed and yet the Jews will not be kicked out of the land.
ISRAEL WILL BE LIKE THE GARDEN OF EDEN
COMPARISON OF EZEKIEL 36, THE END TIMES & THE APPOINTED FEASTS
In May 14, 1948 they are brought back and yet the Jews returned in UNBELIEF. So what will bring Israel to the point that they recognize their Messiah and everyone knows Him? That's what we are studying about in Revelation! Yes Revelation was a message to the churches that she would know the things which would shortly come to pass but after John is told ''Come up here'' in Rev 4:1 at that time he is shown the things that are to come AFTER THESE THINGS. Thus we see 2 WITNESSES in JERUSALEM calling down fire from heaven for 3.5 years after which they are killed and lay dead in the streets of Jerusalem until the whole world sees them caught up to heaven. Right after that the 7th TRUMPET sounds and the kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of His Messiah. Then the BEAST that kills the 2 witnesses causes all who dwell on the earth to take a mark without which they cannot buy or sell. In Revelation 12 the woman (Israel) flees into the wilderness (Rev 12:13, 14, 15, 16, 17).
ISRAEL WILL NOT BE
Jeremiah 31:37 Thus says the Lord, "If the heavens above can be measured, And the foundations of the earth searched out below, Then I will also cast off all the offspring of Israel For all that they have done," declares the Lord. 38 "Behold, days are coming," declares the Lord, "when the city shall be rebuilt for the Lord from the Tower of Hananel to the Corner Gate. 39 "And the measuring line shall go out farther straight ahead to the hill Gareb; then it will turn to Goah. 40 "And the whole valley of the dead bodies and of the ashes, and all the fields as far as the brook Kidron, to the corner of the Horse Gate toward the east, shall be holy to the Lord; it shall not be plucked up, or overthrown anymore forever."
So there will be an end and Israel will not be overthrown anymore. But ''when''? Let's look at the FEASTS.
The FEASTS tell us about the SALVATION OF THE GENTILES (the coming of the Church) and THE SALVATION OF ISRAEL. Kay believes these feasts prefigure the coming of the Holy Spirit to the Gentiles and to Israel as well as the salvation of Jews and Gentiles. In Leviticus 23 God described the FEASTS that Israel was to celebrate every year without fail. These FEASTS fell into 3 major categories and all the Jewish males were required to go up to Jerusalem to celebrate these required feasts.
WHEN? Month of Nisan, the first month to the Jews. On the 14th day of Nisan, the Jews would slay the Passover lamb in remembrance of the Exodus from Egypt. God had made a covenant of Law the day He brought them out of Egypt. Pharaoh would not let them go so God sent plague after plague and finally one last plague. To be protected from this plague God instructed Moses to tell the Jews to get a lamb without spot or blemish and to keep it from the 10th of Nisan to the 14th. Then they were to slay the lamb and put its blood over the doorpost of the house. Every firstborn male was to be slain unless there is blood on the doorpost. Exodus 12:13 says '' when I see the blood I will pass over you'' and thus we have the word Passover. The Jews were also to eat the lamb. Jesus is the Lamb of God Who takes away the sins of the world. In 1Cor 5:1-13 Paul is instructing the church to deal with a man there who has been sleeping with his father's wife, telling them to give him over to Satan for the destruction of his flesh. Why? Because that is sin in the church and sin spreads.
1Cor 5:6 Your boasting is not good. Do you not know that a little leaven (leaven here symbolizing sin) leavens the whole lump of dough? 7 Clean out the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, just as you are in fact unleavened. (Why?) For Christ our Passover also has been sacrificed. 8 Let us therefore celebrate the feast (Of Passover), not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
Paul is saying that the lamb was a picture of Christ our Passover. This OT Feast then was not just for remembering the past deliverance of God but also pointed prophetically to Jesus Christ Who has been sacrificed for us. When God sees that the blood of Jesus Christ has cleansed us from all sins, death passes over and we pass from death to life, never to die spiritually again. Physically we may die but not spiritually. This feast then pointed to the One Who was to come, the Lord Jesus Christ.
The 2nd of 3 feasts included under Passover. This feast instructed the Jews to purge their house of unleavened bread. Why? Leaven is a picture of sin and sin spreads. So Christ our Passover has been sacrificed for us and we are to keep the feast with unleavened bread. You are no longer a guilty sinner but you have been justified and set free by the blood of Jesus Christ. Now we are to live righteously, putting away sin (get rid of that sin just like Paul instructed the Corinthians lest it spread). Remember that the feast of Unleavened Bread is part of the Passover because one happens right after the other. Passover is on the 14th of Nisan when the lamb was slain. The 15th of Nisan marks the beginning of the Feast of Unleavened Bread.
This is the 3rd of the feasts related to Passover. The Jews did not celebrate this feast until they got into the Promised Land. This feast was held the day after the Sabbath and was the PROMISE of a harvest to come. Jesus Christ rose from the dead on the very day the Jews celebrated the Feast of First Fruits. He was the FIRST FRUITS and was the Promise of a harvest to come (1Cor 15:20-23). Because He has risen from the dead, we shall rise from the dead. Because He lives, we shall live.
If we know Christ, we are absent from the body and present with the Lord and some day this mortal will put on immortality and we will be with the Lord with a body. This is the ''FIRST RESURRECTION'' referred to in Rev 20:4, 5, 6. He died to free us from the penalty as well as the power of sin (cf Jn 8:31, 32, 36+, Ro 6:17+, Ro 6:18-+). If you are still living in sin (as your lifestyle) and there is no change in your life and no hunger and thirst for righteousness (Mt 5:6+) and no freedom from slavery to sin and no love for the brethren that flows out of you supernaturally, THEN there is NO SALVATION. (cf Gal 5:21+, 1Jn 3:7, 8, 9, 10)
How do they become new? Is it just the fact that Christ died for me? Is it just the fact that He was raised from the dead? No. There is another feast that follows!
What makes us different from unregenerate people who dwell on this earth? What causes us to hunger and thirst for righteousness, to understand the Word of God, to have a love for other Christians, to be able to forgive and to put away bitterness and anger, to be able to live as more than a conqueror over our flesh? It is the Spirit of God inside of us. If we walk by the Spirit we will not fulfill the lusts of the flesh. When you hear ''Pentecost'' you naturally think of Acts 2 and the coming of the Holy Spirit to indwell men.
The FEAST OF PENTECOST was celebrated by taking some grain from the ''First-fruits'' and storing it. Then they would make bread from the stored grain. When they made the bread they would have one big lump and then they would separate it and have TWO LOAVES. On the DAY OF PENTECOST they would take those TWO LOAVES and the priest would stand in front of the Temple and wave those TWO LOAVES of bread in the air. What were they saying prophetically? Pentecost came 50 days (''pente'' = 50) after the FIRST FRUITS. The two loaves of bread pointed to the fact that now we had Jew and Gentile in ONE BODY, THE CHURCH. So Pentecost pointed to the end result of the death of Jesus Christ Who saved us from our sin, Who was raised from the dead, Who ascended into heaven and then sent the Holy Spirit (John 16:7 "But I tell you the truth, it is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper shall not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you.'') On Pentecost the Spirit now came to dwell within and the church was born.
So at Pentecost in Acts 2 the Holy Spirit (Acts 2:2, 3, 4) came to dwell inside of them (cp Ro 8:9, 1Co 12:13) and Ephesians 2 shows the two becoming one body, the Church. But most of Israel did not come into the Church.
So has all Israel been saved yet? No. But does the OT say that ''all Israel will be saved''? Yes. So when and how? The Jews have missed it. But God in His sovereignty knew what would happen and He knew that the Jews would reject Jesus as a nation, purposely had a third feast. The Jews REJECTION has become our SALVATION.
Ezekiel 36 says He will bring them back to the land (Ezek 36:24, cp Ezek 34:13), then cleanse them (Ezek 36:25, 26), then put His Spirit within them (Ezek 36:27). This did not happen at Pentecost. All of these things are summarized in Hebrews 9-10 where it says that the covenant in Jer 31:31-34 was given and fulfilled in a sense when Jesus Christ died and the Holy Spirit came on the day of Pentecost. Hebrews 9-10 quotes Jer 31:31-34 but that never happened to Israel. That COVENANT was intended for Israel but who got that covenant? The Gentiles through the death of Jesus Christ. So is Israel cut out forever? No. Israel will never cease from being a nation.
Everything that God has promised about Israel is going to come to pass. When? At the third FEAST.
There are 3 parts to the 3rd feast
1). FEAST OF TRUMPETS
This feast was used for the RE-gathering of the Jews at the time a TRUMPET was blown. This was also a HOLY CONVOCATION and was celebrated in the month of Tishri, the 7th month for the Jews.
2). DAY OF ATONEMENT
Described in Leviticus 16.
3). FEAST OF BOOTHS (TABERNACLES)
So the FEAST OF TRUMPETS was to GATHER the Jews back. The DAY OF ATONEMENT was enacted taking 2 goats and casting lots. One goat was the SCAPEGOAT on which the sins of the people were symbolically placed and which was then taken off into the WILDERNESS. The other goat was taken in and sacrificed and the blood put on the MERCY SEAT in the Holy of Holies. This was the only day of the year that the High Priest went into the Holy of Holies taking the blood to ''cover" (Kippur > Yom Kippur) their sins. But the blood of bulls and goats could not take away sin so a body God prepared for Jesus Christ (Heb 10:5-note). So the DAY OF ATONEMENT was the CLEANSING. Do we need the day of atonement? At Passover we were saved and at Pentecost got the Holy Spirit but Israel has not been saved. So God was showing the time of the Church, of Jew and Gentile in one body until the fulness of the Gentiles comes. Then God is going to bring His people back to the Land. When Jesus Christ in Mt 24 comes back to earth as the Son of Man (Mt 24:3, 30) and every eye sees Him, He sends His angels to gather His ELECT (Jews) from the four corners of the earth. So while we see in 1948 a bringing back of the children of Israel to the land and the land being prepared, there is still even more of a fulfillment when Jesus Christ comes and He gathers His ELECT. After He gathers His ELECT in the land of Israel what is He going to do? There is going to be a Temple there and the Lord Jesus Christ is going to dwell there with His people.
So prophetically the FEAST OF TABERNACLES pointed to the REGATHERING OF ISRAEL, initiated by the calling through the trumpet, after which He takes away their sin and puts His Spirit within them and He dwells with them forever and ever. You and I are living in the midst of all of these things on the horizon. What do we need to do? We need to look up because our redemption draws nigh (cf Lk 21:28, Jas 5:8KJV). We need to understand that we make sure today is the day of salvation. Today the fulness of the Gentiles is coming in (Ro 11:25). Then the Deliverer will come out of Zion and all of Israel will be saved (Ro 11:26). Why? Because the gifts and calling of God are irrevocable! (Ro 11:29).
God has laid out the picture and it is as sure as the sun shining, as sure as the waves of the ocean, as sure as the fixed order of day and night (Jer 31:35, 36, 37). God's Word stands and Israel as a nation will be saved (cp Lk 1:37ASV, Josh 23:14). Believe it. It is written in the feasts for you and for me to see.
The Son of Man is coming
the FEAST OF TABERNACLES is on its way!
Listen and be prepared.
Redemption draws nigh.