Irving Jensen's Survey of Bible (see his summary of Ruth online - page 392)
See Swindoll's summary chart of Ruth See Ruth Devotionals
Setting the Scene Geographically
Ruth 1:1+ "Bethlehem in Judah...sojourn in...Moab"
RUTH: GOD PROVIDES
|Ruth 1||Ruth 2||Ruth 3||Ruth 4|
|Ruth's Choice||Ruth's Service||Ruth's Claim||Ruth's Marriage|
|Naomi and Ruth
|Ruth and Naomi and Boaz
|Boaz and Ruth
Return with Naomi
Provide for Naomi
Redemption by Boaz
Relative of Messiah
with New Birth
About 30 Years
Ru 1:1 Now it came about in the days when the judges governed
Jdg 21:25+ In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in his own eyes.
Explanation - The following list includes not only commentaries but other Christian works by well known evangelical writers. Most of the resources below are newer works (written after 1970) which previously were available only for purchase in book form or in a Bible computer program. The resources are made freely available by archive.org but have several caveats - (1) they do not allow copy and paste, (2) they can only be checked out for one hour (but can be checked out immediately when your hour expires giving you time to read or take notes on a lengthy section) and (3) they require creating an account which allows you to check out the books free of charge. To set up an account click archive.org and then click the picture of the person in right upper corner and enter email and a password. That's all you have to do. Then you can read these more modern resources free of charge! I have read or used many of these resources but not all of them so ultimately you will need to be a Berean (Acts 17:11+) as you use them. I have also selected works that are conservative and Biblically sound. If you find one that you think does not meet those criteria please send an email at https://www.preceptaustin.org/
Put your life together : studies in the book of Ruth Warren W Wiersbe - This book was written in 1985 and is not identical to Wiersbe's 1993 volume on Ruth and Esther (see below - also available online).
Be Committed: Doing God's Will Whatever the Cost by Wiersbe, Warren W Wiersbe (1993) This vintage Wiersbe at his best. Outstanding! Filled with "pearls" for every preacher and teacher of God's Holy Word!
Be Committed: Doing God's Will Whatever the Cost by Wiersbe, Warren W (2008) 196 pages - another copy of the preceding book but newer copyright.
Wiersbe's Expository Outlines on the Old Testament by Warren W Wiersbe 113 ratings
"Even the most difficult Scriptures come alive as Warren Wiersbe leads you book-by-book through the Old Testament and helps you to see the "big picture" of God's revelation. In this unique volume, you will find: • Introductions and/or outlines for every Old Testament book • Practical expositions of strategic chapters • Special studies on key topics, relating the Old Testament to the New Testament • Easy-to-understand expositions that are practical, preachable, and teachable If you have used Dr. Wiersbe's popular BE series, you know how simple and practical his Bible studies are, with outlines that almost teach themselves. If not, you can now discover a wonderful new resource. This work is a unique commentary on every book of the Old Testament. It contains new material not to be found in the BE series.
Judges & Ruth: Tyndale Old Testament Commentary - Leon Morris wrote the commentary on Ruth (1968)
Arthur Cundall writes the commentary on Judges and Leon Morris writes the commentary on Ruth. These both get excellent reviews - see reviews by several users.
James Rosscup ranks this as the #4 Best "Detailed Exegetical" commentary on Ruth.
Here is a more generic review - "The Tyndale volumes have long been the premier shorter-length commentary series on both Testaments throughout the English-speaking world." (Craig Blomberg, Denver Seminary)
Ruth, the romance of Redemption by McGee, J. Vernon (1982) 208 pages - James Rosscup ranks this as the #2 best devotional commentary on Ruth.
Surely there is a future : a commentary on the book of Ruth by John Hamlin
James Rosscup ranks this as the #3 best expositional commentary on Ruth. He writes "One finds a concise summing up of each section in an engaging way, explaining the most vital points. Hamlin describes Ruth’s lying down with Boaz in terms that convey decency, and Boaz as a worthy man who would not take advantage (43). He patiently explains customs such as the shoe ceremony (Ruth 4), and its implications, and also kinship obligations via marriage."
Logos.com - In this excellent commentary E. John Hamlin approaches the book of Ruth as literature, as history, as part of the canon, and as truth-telling story.
Cyril Barber - Well outlined and giving evidence of thorough research, this popular commentary is designed to interpret the events of the conquest of the land from the perspective of the Hebrews. Though containing helpful interpretative ideas, the application of the text is almost exclusively in terms of sociological criteria.
James Rosscup ranks this as the #4 best expositional commentary on Ruth. He writes "The Professor of Hebrew at Denver Theological Seminary holds that the book dates from Solomon’s era, to which the genealogy of Ruth 4 brings matters, and is a unity including Ru 4:18–22. In detail verse by verse Hubbard is thorough and knowledgeable, documents well, sizes up issues from several angles, is skilled as to customs, and is adept in literature relating to the book. He writes primarily for pastors and laypeople."
Themelios - "It is safe to say that this will remain, for some considerable time to come, one of the most useful and enlightening commentaries available on the lovely little book of Ruth."
Vox Reformata - "This commentary is a pleasure to work with. . . . Hubbard gives clarity to this beautiful portion of God's word, and by doing so strengthens the faith of the reader."
Anvil - "A masterly commentary that provides an immense amount of information but gives pride of place to the message of the book of Ruth. . . . Recommended wholeheartedly."
Religious Studies Review - "Readable, well produced, and richly indexed. . . . One of the choice Ruth commentaries for a good time to come." --This text refers to an alternate kindle_edition edition.
Judges, Ruth. Vol. 6: New American Commentary - by Daniel Block (1999) - Personally, this is not my favorite although it does get high rankings.
Cyril Barber says this is "An exceedingly valuable exegetical and theological exposition. Based on the NIV, though Block gives evidence of working from the Hebrew text. Readers will find this a learned, discerning discussion that readily explains the meaning and message of these twin books. Recommended. More reviews.
Rosscup - An evangelical contributes 586 pp. on Judges and 151 on Ruth. Introductory sections for both books survey the state of scholarly opinion and his belief in the integrity and reliability of the biblical books. Copious footnotes, often lengthy, reflect on others’ views, verifications of points in the books and also in other scripture, etc. Verse by verse work offers detail on grammar, word meaning, background, customs, and interpretive problems. Block holds that Jephthah sacrificed his daughter in death. On passages overall, this is a standout commentary, yet at times it states convictions without a specific answer to other leading views. One instance is in not commenting on the view that Ruth acted indecently with Boaz at night. Some accounts, as episodes of Samson, seem for the most part to be explained in reasonable detail. (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An annotated bibliography of selected works)
Graeme. Joshua, Judges, and Ruth. A Graeme Daily Study Bible. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1984.
Cyril Barber - Auld writes out of the conviction that these books are the Bible's prime witness to Israel's early history in Canaan. He expounds the text skillfully and incorporates important historical, linguistic, and archaeological information into his discussion.
Ruth, Esther - Shepherd's Notes by Robert Lintzenich - Interesting resource - if you are preaching or teaching Ruth, this resources is worth checking out!
Ruth & Esther : women of faith, bravery and hope by MacArthur, John (2000) 132 pages.
This short book is a study of the law of Redemption as first presented in Leviticus 25:23-25 and Deuteronomy 25:5-10. It lays out the desperate state of sinners who can do nothing to redeem themselves but find complete redemption in Jesus Christ, man's only Redeemer, Deliverer, and Savior. This study is foundation to an understanding of God's own Sacrifice to reconcile sinners to Himself and at the same time presents a picture of God's deep love that brings life to the dead, and makes all things new. What a blessing this little book is!
Joshua, Judges, Ruth by Goslinga, C. J
James Rosscup ranks this as the #4 Best "Expositional Commentary" on Ruth.
Cyril Barber - Brief, perceptive comments on each verse of these canonical books. Adheres to the standard evangelical interpretation of major critical issues. In applying the text to life, Goslinga follows a typological approach. As a commentary, this work serves as a handy guide to laypeople studying these books for the first time. Pastors and lay preachers may find the outlines helpful.
Wycliffe Bible Commentary - Ruth - Charles Pfeiffer - (1962). Can be borrowed for an hour. Less detailed than the KJV Bible Commentary.
The theology of the book of Ruth by Ronald M Hals
James Rosscup - Here is an exhaustive work, mediating, sometimes good and sometimes weak where he imagines things in passages beyond the evidence. Overall it has many helps. A thorough, insightful discussion of theological aspects, though some will feel that Hals sees more than there is in some details. The book is not a commentary but is frequently of great help to expositors.
Discovering Christ in Ruth : the kinsman-redeemer by Fortner, Donald S
Evangelical Times Magazine - This book is a challenge to all in our generation who live by their feelings and not by faith in Christ. You cannot read it and remain the same. It is provocative and demands a response. This is strong medicine, but all who taste it will be made whole!
Choosing Victory, Overcoming Defeat : Joshua, Judges, and Ruth by Arthur, Kay - Very brief study guide. Ruth on page 102
KJV Bible Commentary - Ruth - Hindson, Edward E; Kroll, Woodrow Michael. Over 3000 pages of the entire OT/NT - no restriction on length of time one can use it. No copy and paste. Well done conservative commentary that interprets Scripture from a literal perspective (pre-millennial) See user reviews - it generally gets 4/5 stars from users.
The MacArthur Study Bible - John MacArthur. Notes are relatively brief but always Biblically based.
The David Jeremiah Study Bible - (2013) 2208 pages. 2,272 ratings Logos.com - "Drawing on more than 40 years of study, Dr. David Jeremiah has compiled a legacy resource that will make an eternal impact on generations to come. 8,000 study notes. Hundreds of enriching word studies"50+ Essentials of the Christian Faith" articles."
KJV Bible Commentary Judges - Hindson, Edward E; Kroll, Woodrow Michael. This is not a study Bible per se, but a one volume commentary with over 3000 pages of comments covering the entire OT/NT. There is no restriction on length of time one can use, but there is no copy and paste function. These are excellent conservative comments that interpret Scripture from a literal perspective. User reviews - it generally gets 4/5 stars from users. Recommended.
The King James Study Bible Second Edition (2013) (Thomas Nelson) contributing editors (only first is listed) include Wayne A. Brindle. There is no restriction on length of time one can use, but there is no copy and paste function.
Zondervan NIV Study Bible - (2011) 2570 pages - Use this one if available as it has more notes than edition below.
NIV Study Bible by Barker, Kenneth L; Burdick, Donald W (1995) 2250 pages. This is the first edition. This resource has been fully revised in 2020.
NKJV Study Bible: New King James Version Study Bible (formerly "The Nelson Study Bible - NKJV") by Radmacher, Earl D; Allen, Ronald Barclay; House, H. Wayne (1997, 2007); 917 ratings Very helpful notes. Conservative. There is no restriction on length of time one can use, but there is no copy and paste function.
Believer's Bible Commentary - OT and NT - MacDonald, William (1995) 2480 pages. Conservative. Literal. Often has very insightful comments. John MacArthur, says "Concise yet comprehensive - the most complete single-volume commentary I have seen." Warren Wiersbe adds "For the student who is serious about seeing Christ in the Word."
Rosscup - This work, originally issued in 1983, is conservative and premillennial, written to help teachers, preachers and people in every walk of life with different views, explanation and application. The 2-column format runs verse by verse for the most part, usually in a helpfully knowledgeable manner, and there are several special sections such as “Prayer” in Acts and “Legalism” in Galatians. The premillennial view is evident on Acts 1:6, 3:20, Romans 11:26, Galatians 6:16, Revelation 20, etc.
HCSB Study Bible : Holman Christian Standard Bible - General Editor Jeremy Royal Howard (2010) 2360 pages. Conservative. Good notes. Include Holmans excellent maps. One hour limit
Life Application Study Bible: Old Testament and New Testament: New Living Translation. Has some very helpful notes especially with application of texts. 4,445 ratings
The Experiencing God Study Bible: the Bible for knowing and doing the will of God - Blackaby, Henry (1996) 1968 pages - CHECK THIS ONE! Each chapter begins with several questions under the title "PREPARE TO MEET GOD." Then you will interesting symbols before many of the passages. The chapter ends with a "DID YOU NOTICE?" question. This might make a "dry chapter" jump off the page! Read some of the 48 ratings
The Jewish Study Bible - Only OT - Interesting Jewish perspective.
VERSE BY VERSE COMMENTS ON SITE - Bruce Hurt,MD
- Ruth Kinsman Redeemer - Lesson 1 of the inductive Bible Study
- Kinsman Redeemer, Part 1 (from lectures on the Revelation)
- Kinsman Redeemer, Part 2 (from lectures on the Revelation)
- See Multiple Ruth Resources
J. G. BELLET
BIBLE.ORG RESOURCES Resources that Reference Ruth
- Ruth Bible Commentary by verse - combines comments from Barnes, Clarke, Keil
BRIAN BILL - excellent resources if you are going to preach or teach through Ruth
- The Beautiful Gleaner: A Hebrew Pastoral Story. Being Familiar Expositions of the Book of Ruth - 137 pages (1872)
IAIN CAMPBELL - sermons
SAMUEL COX EXPOSITION
Cyril Barber - The devotional Nature of this commentary does not detract from its expository value. While popular in style, it exhibits remarkable understanding of human nature, and provides its readers with a work of real merit.
J N DARBY
- Goel - Definition
- Avenger of Blood - Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
- Kin - Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
- Goel - Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature
- Easton's Bible Dictionary Goel
- Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible Goel
- Watson's Theological Dictionary Goel
- International Standard Bible Encyclopedia Goel
- McClintock and Strong's Bible Encyclopedia Goel
- Ruth & Hannah: Learning To Walk By Faith - booklet
- Life After Loss - Grieving With Hope
- When Disappointment Deceives
- When Hope Is Lost: Dealing With Depression
EXPOSITOR'S DICTIONARY OF TEXTS
JAMES FREEMAN - HANDBOOK OF BIBLE MANNERS AND CUSTOMS
A C GAEBELEIN
L M GRANT
- What can we learn from the life of Ruth?
- Why was Ruth so loyal to Naomi?
- Book of Ruth - Bible Survey
- Why did Ruth and Orpah make different decisions?
- What is the story of Ruth and Boaz?
- Why did the first kinsman redeemer refuse to marry Ruth?
- Who was Naomi in the Bible?
- Questions about Ruth
- What did it mean to spread the corner of your garment over someone?
- What is a kinsman redeemer?
- What is a levirate marriage?
- Who was Jesse in the Bible?
- Who/what is Marah in the Bible?
- Who was Obed in the Bible?
- What does the Bible say about luck?
- Does the Bible say anything about grandparents?
- Who were the Moabites?
- What is the significance of a city gate in the Bible?
- What is the relevance of the genealogies in the Bible?
HCSB STUDY BIBLE - notes well done - sign in to borrow
- HCSB Study Bible : Holman Christian Standard Bible - General Editor Jeremy Royal Howard (2010) 2360 pages. Conservative. Good notes. Include Holmans excellent maps.
SELWYN HUGHES - devotional
JOHN ANGELL JAMES
JAMIESON, FAUSSET AND BROWN
S LEWIS JOHNSON
- Goel - The Go’el in Ancient Israel: Theological Reflections on an Israelite Institution
- Theological Reflections On Naomi’s Shrewdness - R L Hubbard
- The Genealogy Of Christ - George M. Clelland
- An Adjusted Symmetrical Structuring Of Ruth - A Boyd Luter
- The Book of Ruth and Hope in Hard Times - Timothy Paul Erdel
- Literary Structure in the Book of Ruth - Reg Grant - this is an interesting resource that includes outlines, charts, etc on the book of Ruth. You might want to check it out.
- Naomi in the Book of Ruth in Light of the Mosaic Covenant - Charles Baylis
- Living A New Life: Old Testament Teaching About Conversion - William D. Barrick
- The Purpose Of The Book Of Ruth - Louis B. Wolfenson
- The Chiastic Structure of Ruth 2 - A Boyd Luter and Richard Rigsby
- An Adjusted Symmetrical Structuring of Ruth - A Boyd Luter and Richard Rigsby
- Ruth “Quoque” —A Coquette? (Ruth 4:5) - Murray D. Gow
- New Life Amid the Alien Corn: The Book of Ruth - Michael E. W. Thompson
- The Goel in Ruth 4:14, 15 - Julius A Bewer
- Recognition, Rewards, and Renewal in the Book of Ruth - Funmi Para-Mallam
- Literary Structure and Theology in the Book of Ruth - Leif Hongisto
ALFRED LEEDES HUNT
- Ruth the Moabitess: A Short Commentary, Critical and Expository, on the Book of Ruth 89 pages (1884)
- Ruth - Introduction - Title, Theme, Interpretative Challenges, Outline
- The Kinsman Redeemer
- Ruth: Ordained Romance
- Ruth 4 Commentary
- Ruth, the romance of Redemption by McGee, J. Vernon (1982) 208 pages - James Rosscup ranks this as the #2 best devotional commentary on Ruth. Sign in to borrow
- Ruth 4:1 to the gate
- Ruth 4:5 buyest the field. The right of a kinsman-redeemer to redeem the property of a dead relative, thereby preventing it from passing outside the family, is set forth in Leviticus 25:25-34. These events described in the book of Ruth indicate that this right of property redemption was also directly linked to the responsibility of raising up children to preserve "the name of the dead upon his inheritance" (Ruth 4:10).
- Ruth 4:6 cannot redeem it. The redeemer must not only be a kinsman (Leviticus 25:25), but must also be willing, free and have the necessary price. As our great Kinsman Redeemer, the Lord Jesus Christ indeed fulfills all the conditions (see notes on Revelation 5:1-10).
- Ruth 4:8 drew off his shoe
- Ruth 4:18 Pharez. Pharez was the son of Judah, so this genealogical summary clearly shows that David is descended from Judah, and thus able to fulfill Jacob's prophecy (Genesis 49:10) of the sceptre.
- Ruth 4:20 Salmon. According to Matthew 1:5, Salmon married Rahab the converted harlot, sometime after the fall of Jericho, and therefore Boaz was their son. (See introductory notes concerning gaps that may have occurred between Salmon and Boaz.)
- Ruth 4:22 David was evidently born near the end of the judges period and Salmon near the beginning. The four generations between Salmon and David thus seem to have spanned the entire period "when the judges ruled" (Ruth 1:1), although it is possible that there are gaps in this genealogy. Note also that ten names are listed in the genealogy from Pharez to David. Deuteronomy 23:2 says that an illegitimate son could "not enter into the congregation of the Lord" until "the tenth generation." Pharez, of course, was the illegitimate son of Judah and Tamar, but this genealogy indicates that David was free from this exclusion, even if there are no gaps in the genealogy.
JAMES NISBET CHURCH PULPIT COMMENTARY
OUR DAILY BREAD
- Ruth 4:9-10 Boaz Claims Ruth- Redemption
- Ruth 4:13-22 Compete or Converge
- Ruth 4:13-22 Hard Ground and Tender Mercy
- Ruth 4:13-17 Jesus and the Bigger Story
- Ruth 4:14 Naomi
- Ruth 4:15 Unexpected Blessing
JOSEPH PARKER The People's Bible
Redeemer, Kinsman; Salvation, Price of
Heritage; Family, Christian
Love; Redeemer, Kinsman; Salvation
PATH LIGHT STUDY OF RUTH
- Ruth 4: Redemption Study Guide | Leader's Notes
- Ruth & Shavuot: Interpretation from a Jewish Perspective Study Guide | Leader's Notes
- The Redeemer: Interpretation from Christian Perspective Study Guide | Leader's Notes
- Naomi and Ruth: Interpretation from Messianic Perspective Study Guide | Leader's Notes
ARTHUR PEAKE Commentary on Ruth
PETER PETT Commentary on Ruth
Scroll Down the preceding link for homilies below
- Ruth 4:1-5 Friends in Council
- Ruth 4:6 A Shortsighted Policy and its Merited Oblivion
- Ruth 4:9 The Kinsman Redeemer
- Ruth 4:10 The Bridegroom Redeemer
- Ruth 4:11-13 Prayers for Posterity and Prosperity
- Ruth 4:11 Manliness, its Fit and Proper Sphere
- Ruth 4:14-15 Congratulations and Good Wishes
- Ruth 4:15-16 Youth and Age
- Ruth 4:19-22 Links in the Chain Christward
- Goel - Our Kinsman Redeemer - In Shadow (Type) & Substance
- Blood Avenger - Avenges Man's "Murder", Reclaims Title Deed of Earth
- Providence - Study of the Doctrine of Divine Providence
PRECEPT MINISTRIES INTERNATIONAL
AUBREY C PRICE
- Ruth 4 Exposition
- Ruth 4:1-2 A Primitive Council
- Ruth 4:1-12 The Bridal of Boaz and Ruth
- Ruth 4:3-8 The Goel
- Ruth 4:4-6 Our Own Inheritance
- Ruth 4:9-11 Honorable Conduct Honorably Witnessed
- Ruth 4:10 The Name of the Dead
- Ruth 4:11-12 Good Wishes
- Ruth 4:13 The Birth of a Son
- Ruth 4:13 The Birth Hour
- Ruth 4:13-22 Little Obed
- Ruth 4:14-17 The Benevolent Happiness of Old Age
- Ruth 4:18-22 The Lineage of David
- Ruth 4:1-22 Homilies
REFORMATION STUDY BIBLE
- Ruth 4:1–17
- Ruth 4:1
- Ruth 4:2
- Ruth 4:3
- Ruth 4:5
- Ruth 4:7
- Ruth 4:10
- Ruth 4:11
- Ruth 4:12
- Ruth 4:14–17
- Ruth 4:16
- Ruth 4:18–22
GRANT RICHISON Commentary on Ruth
CHARLES J. ROLLS
RUTH DEVOTIONALS - VARIOUS SOURCES - 100's of devotionals - Our Daily Bread, Today in the Word, etc
ROB SALVATO - sermon
RAYMOND SAXE - RUTH SERMONS
- Ruth 4:1-6 (pdf)
- Ruth 4:7-12 (pdf)
- Ruth 4:13-22 (pdf)
- Matt Postiff also from Fellowship Bible Church
- Ruth 4 (doc, pdf)
- Outline of Ruth (doc, pdf)
SERMON CENTRAL - Sermons (most have transcripts)
SONGS RELATED TO RUTH and RUTH'S REDEEMER
- My Redeemer Lives - Nicole C Smith - WATCH THIS GOD GLORIFYING VIDEO - YOU WILL WILL WANT TO WORSHIP OUR GREAT REDEEMER WHO IS ALIVE! If you can keep a dry eye at the 3 minute mark I will be amazed - and you'll love the end of the story! Hallelujah!
- My Redeemer is Faithful and True - Steven Curtis Chapman
- There Is A Redeemer - Keith Green
- I Will Sing of My Redeemer - Fernando Ortega
- Hear me calling, Great Redeemer - Fernando Ortega
- Come, Oh Redeemer, Come - Fernando Ortega
- O Lord, My Rock and My Redeemer
R C SPROUL DEVOTIONALS RUTH
J B STONEY
WILLIAM TAYLOR (1891)
- Ruth 4: Ruth Rewarded
- Ruth 4: Triumph in Tragedy
- The Kinsman Redeemer - Part I
- The Kinsman Redeemer - Part II
- The Kinsman Redeemer - Part III
- The Ability to Redeem - Part I
- The Ability to Redeem - Part II
- Prophecy in Type
- Elimelech in Moab - Israel in the World
- Elimelech's Family Tribulation
- God's Program for This Age
THIRD MILLENNIUM STUDY NOTES BOOK OF RUTH
- Boaz Becomes Ruth's Kinsman-Redeemer - Ruth 4:1-12
- Boaz Clears the Way to Become Ruth's Kinsman-Redeemer - Ruth 4:1-8
- Boaz Publicly Announces His Commitment to Ruth - Ruth 4:9-10
- Boaz Is Blessed as Ruth's Kinsman-Redeemer - Ruth 4:11-12
- Naomi's Blessing - Ruth 4:13-17
- Boaz and Ruth Have a Son - Ruth 4:13
- Naomi Blessed by the Son - Ruth 4:14-17
- Boaz and Ruth Name the Son - Ruth 4:17
- Genealogical Appendix - Ruth 4:18-22
WILLARD WINTER - about 50 pages
- Commentary on Joshua, Judges, Ruth - scroll down to p 593 for Ruth
W. T. P. WOLSTON