FOR THIS REASON I ALSO SUFFER
THESE THINGS: di en aitian kai tauta pascho (1SPAI): (2Ti
1:8; 2:9; 3:10, 11;3:12 4:16; 4:17 Acts 9:16; 13:46; 13:50 14:5,6;
21:27, 28, 29, 30, 31; Acts 22:21, 22, 23, 24; Eph 3:1, 2,3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
8; 1Thes 2:16)
For this reason
stop and ask "What reason?" Check the immediate context. What is Paul
preaching and teaching about? Preaching and teaching the gospel.
(pascho) means to be affected by something (in this case
evil) from without.
Pascho - Used 42
times in the NT - Matt. 16:21; 17:12, 15; 27:19; Mk. 5:26; 8:31; 9:12;
Lk. 9:22; 13:2; 17:25; 22:15; 24:26, 46; Acts 1:3; 3:18; 9:16; 17:3;
28:5; 1 Co. 12:26; 2 Co. 1:6; Gal. 3:4; Phil. 1:29; 1 Thess. 2:14; 2
Thess. 1:5; 2 Tim. 1:12; Heb. 2:18; 5:8; 9:26; 13:12; 1 Pet. 2:19ff, 23;
3:14, 17f; 4:1, 15, 19; 5:10; Rev. 2:10
Pascho is in the
indicating that Paul's experience of suffering was a continual action
going on in the present (2Ti 3:12-note).
Paul was not asking Timothy to do anything he had not done.
Edwards makes an excellent practical point
"The way we cross the dark
valleys of undeserved suffering will determine whether we end up as holy
or bitter individuals. Undeserved suffering will drive us into one of
these two camps; either it will purify our faith so that we become
increasingly holy or it will erode our confidence in God so that w e
become increasingly bitter. (see notes
12:15) We see in this passage how Paul responded to his undeserved suffering...This
suffering had not diminished his confidence in God, in fact it was
strong as ever". (2 Timothy: Call to
(tauta) - Paul does not enumerate here but in the context
of this letter some of these things would include imprisonment and all
that is entailed as well as the painful
fact that "all in Asia turned away from" him (2Ti 1:!5
cf 2Cor 11:23, 24, 25f).
He had experienced the suffering of one was abandoned and undoubtedly
was lonely (cf his plea for Timothy to "make every effort to come"
Paul had a proper perspective on suffering writing
I rejoice in my sufferings for your
(the Colossian saints) sake (see note
BUT I AM NOT ASHAMED: all ouk
epaischunomai (1SPPI): (2 Ti 1:8 1:16, 2:12 Ro 1:16, 1Pe
Still I am not ashamed (Amp)
yet I am not in the least
but I have no feeling of shame (BBE)
But I am not ashamed. I know Jesus, the One I have believed in (ICB).
But - Introduces a striking
contrast - suffering but unashamed. This is not humanly possible but
reflects Paul's having learned the principle of Christ's sufficiency for
his human weaknesses (see 2Co 12:9-note,
(ouk) is as absolute negative. In no way was Paul ashamed.
from epi = upon or intensifies
meaning of + aischunomai from aischos = disfigurement &
then disgrace) means to experience a painful feeling or sense of loss of
status because of some particular event or activity. It describes one's
consciousness of guilt or of exposure or the fear of embarrassment that
one's expectations may prove false.
- 11 times in the NT - Mk. 8:38; Lk. 9:26; Ro 1:16; 6:21; 2Ti 1:8,
12, 16; Heb. 2:11; 11:16
is associated with being afraid, feeling shame which prevents one from
doing something, a reluctance to say or do something because of fear of
humiliation, experiencing a lack of courage to stand up for something or
feeling shame because of what has been done.
Marvin Vincent writes
The feeling expressed by (epaischunomai)
has reference to incurring dishonor or shame in the eyes of men. It is
“the grief a man conceives from his own imperfections considered with
relation to the world taking notice of them; grief upon the sense of
disesteem” (“South, ” cit. by Trench). Hence it does not spring out of a
reverence for right in itself, but from fear of the knowledge and
opinion of men." (Vincent, M. R. Word studies in the New Testament. Vol.
1, Page 3-342)
Isaiah records a prophecy concerning
the Messiah, writing
For the Lord GOD helps Me, therefore, I
am not disgraced. Therefore, I have set My face like flint, and I know
that I shall not be ashamed." (Isa 50:7)
Paul likewise is convinced
that God is strong to enable him to be faithful to his apostolic
calling, in spite of the sufferings which attend it, until the day when
he shall be summoned to render his final account. Paul had "learned the
secret of being filled and going hungry, both of having abundance and
suffering need" (Php 4:12-note)
and that "secret" was the Person of Christ, Who enabled Paul to exclaim
"I can do all things through Him who strengthens me." (Php
Paul's abiding knowledge of the Person of Jesus removed all sense of
shame. From a Roman prison Paul wrote to his beloved brethren at
Philippi reminding them (quoting from the NLT):
"I live in eager
expectation and hope that I will never do anything that causes me shame,
but that I will always be bold for Christ, as I have been in the past,
and that my life will always honor Christ, whether I live or I die."
Vine adds that
"Paul’s example of
freedom from shame was intended as an incentive to his younger fellow
missionary to show the same confidence and endurance. He who is
conscious of pleasing God has no reason for feelings of shame through
experiencing any form of suffering in consequence. Faithfulness to God
frees the believer from bondage to human opinion, regard, and reward."
W. Collected writings of W. E. Vine. Nashville: Thomas Nelson
I KNOW WHOM I HAVE BELIEVED:
oida (1SRAI) gar o pepisteuka (1SRAI): (Click
Fanny Crosby's hymn
’Tis Summer in My Heart)
and trusted in and relied on (Amp)
in Whom I have put my trust
in Whom my trust reposes (WNT)
for I know Him in whom I have trusted
and still am trusting, and I became convinced and still am convinced
that He is able to guard my deposit until that day.” (Literal
translation bringing out the verb tenses - Steven Cole)
(1492) (oida) is the Greek verb that signifies absolute, beyond a
doubt knowledge. This knowledge is not personal knowledge gained by
experience, but knowledge of a Person Who he had found absolutely
dependable in any circumstance. His personal knowledge of Jesus as the
One in Whom he had learned to trust, imparted the absolute assurance of
His unfailing faithfulness.
Spurgeon writes that Paul's
THE text is wholly taken up with
three things; namely, with knowing, with believing, and with the person
who is known and believed; and upon both the knowing and the believing
Paul is very decided. He puts in no “if,” no word of change; he does not
say, “I hope so,” or “I trust so,” but “I know I have believed, and I
know whom I have believed.”
It is all assurance, and not a shadow
of doubt. Let us imitate the apostle, or ask for grace to be able to
imitate him, that we may shake off the dubious phraseology which is so
common among Christians nowadays, and may be able to speak with
apostolic confidence upon, a matter upon which we ought to be confident
if anywhere at all, namely, our own salvation...
“I know,” saith the apostle, — not
“what “ — but “whom I have believed.” He does not say, “I know the
catechism which I have believed,” nor “I know the Institutes of Calvin,”
nor “I know the body and system of theology”; but, “I know whom I have
believed.” Both the knowing and the believing center round the wondrous
person who for our sakes left his starry throne and became a man;
knowing whom, is a saving knowledge, and trusting whom, is saving trust,
but of which, all other knowing and believing falls short. (see full
2 Timothy 1:12 Knowing and Believing)
“He is able, he is willing:
Doubt no more.”
the faith, the
obedience of faith)
means to consider something to be true and therefore worthy of one’s
trust. To accept as true, genuine, or real. To have a firm conviction
as to the goodness, efficacy, or ability of something or someone. To
consider to be true. To accept the word or evidence of.
perfect tense Paul is saying
I first trusted Jesus on the Damascus
Road and I still trust Him with my eternal present and eternal future.
Paul had permanently put
his trust and confidence ("convinced"
below is also perfect tense) in Christ Jesus and still trusted Him even
as the shadow of death loomed over him. This speaks of Paul's trust as
permanent and abiding.
Wuest paraphrases the idea of the
perfect tense -
I have believed with the present
result that my faith is a firmly settled one.” It is like hammering a
nail through a board and clinching it on the other side. It is there to
stay. So, Paul’s faith was placed permanently in the God whom he knew,
which faith was immovable."
Note how Paul puts it: “I know
I have believed. He doesn’t say "I know what
I have believed,” though that would be true. And he doesn’t say, “I
know how much I have believed,” even though that is
also true. And he doesn’t say, “I know when I believed,”
which he could well have said. And he doesn’t say, “I know why
I have believed,” even though that would be true as well.
Hiebert adds that...
"Paul testifies personally to that which he has asked of Timothy (v8)
and explains that the secret of his attitude is a Person.
It is his abiding knowledge of this Person
that removes all sense of shame. The world may regard his faith in a
crucified Jesus a thing of folly and a just cause for shame, but his
personal relations with this
Person prevent any such
feeling. This Person
will never put him to shame. He has permanently put his trust and
confidence in Him
(perfect tense), has been trusting Him
all along, and is trusting
Him now in the face of
impending death. It is his settled, fixed assurance "that he is able to
guard that which I have committed to
The Greek is literally, "that he is able to guard my deposit." He has
unshaken confidence in His
ability to do what he trusts
Him to do. He
is able effectively "to guard my deposit.."
(2 Timothy by D. Edmond Hiebert)
As Spurgeon puts it, it is as if
I know the Person into whose hand I have committed my present condition,
and my eternal destiny. I know Who he is, and I therefore, without any
hesitation, leave myself in His hands. It is the beginning of spiritual
life to believe Jesus Christ." Spurgeon goes on to add that "Jesus was a
distinct Person to the apostle, so real as to be known to him as a man
knows a friend. Paul knew nobody else so well as he knew his Lord.”
If you are trying to keep your own
soul, you are in serious trouble and will be rudely surprised one day.
You cannot keep yourself safe. Your only hope is to entrust all that you
are and have to Jesus. Lay it all at his feet and you will be safe.
MacArthur adds that Paul's
confidence did not come from a creed or a theological system or a
denomination or an ordination. It came solely from a close, unbroken
relationship with God, to whom he unreservedly gave his life, going
about his divine mission with no concern for his own welfare, safety, or
Gill adds that
A spiritual knowledge of Christ is necessary to faith in Him: an
unknown Christ cannot be the object of faith... Knowledge and faith go
together: they that truly know Christ, believe in Him, and the more they
know Him, the more strongly do they believe in Him... and they know...
what an able, willing, suitable, and complete Saviour He is. This
knowledge which they have of him... is practical, and leads to the
discharge of duty, from a principle of love to Christ.
I Know Whom I Have Believed
I know not why God’s wondrous grace
To me He hath made known,
Nor why, unworthy, Christ in love
Redeemed me for His own.
But I know Whom I have believèd,
And am persuaded that He is able
To keep that which I’ve committed
Unto Him against that day.
I know not how this saving faith
To me He did impart,
Nor how believing in His Word
Wrought peace within my heart.
I know not how the Spirit moves,
Convincing us of sin,
Revealing Jesus through the Word,
Creating faith in Him.
I know not what of good or ill
May be reserved for me,
Of weary ways or golden days,
Before His face I see.
I know not when my Lord may come,
At night or noonday fair,
Nor if I walk the vale with Him,
Or meet Him in the air.
AND I AM CONVINCED THAT: kai
pepeismai (1SRPI) hoti: (cf
I am sure (NCV)
am positively persuaded (Amp)
I am absolutely sure
I am thoroughly persuaded (Centenary)
means literally to persuade or
induce by words to believe (Acts 19:26, Mt 27:20, Ro 14:14). Peitho is a
strong verb which
which conveys the ideas of confidence, reliance, and hope.
Peitho - 52 times
in the NT - Mt 27:20, 43; 28:14; Lk. 11:22; 16:31; 18:9; 20:6; Acts
5:36, 37, 39; 12:20; 13:43; 14:19; 17:4; 18:4; 19:8, 26; 21:14; 23:21;
26:26, 28; 27:11; 28:23, 24; Ro 2:8, 19; 8:38; 14:14; 15:14; 2Co. 1:9;
2:3; 5:11; 10:7; Gal. 1:10; 5:7, 10; Php 1:6, 14, 25; 2:24; 3:3, 4; 2Th 3:4; 2Ti 1:5, 12; Philemon 1:21; Heb 2:13; 6:9; 13:17,
3:3; 1Jn. 3:19
The use of the
perfect tense indicates that Paul became convinced when he was saved
by Christ and he remained convinced of His saving and keeping power. Paul
had a settled, fixed assurance that Christ was "able".
Paul had come to a settled persuasion regarding the matter and was fixed
in an immovable position. You could not budge him.
trusted his absolute security in God. He had been through years of
relentless temptations, trials and testing, opportunities and hardships.
He had seen the power of God at work again and again, both in him and
around him. Are you convinced Jesus is able to guard you?
In Romans 8 Paul
was likewise convinced writing...
For I am convinced that neither
death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor things present, nor
things to come, nor powers (see note
HE IS ABLE TO GUARD: dunatos
estin (3SPAI) phulaxai (AAN):
He is able to safeguard (NJB)
He is able to guard safely
able to protect (GWT)
able to keep safe
Able (1415) (dunatos
from dunamai =
referring to power one has by virtue of inherent ability and resources;
see study of
dunamis) means powerful, able, strong.
Able describes that which has
sufficient or necessary power, means, skill, or resources to accomplish
an objective. Thus dunatos describes one who is powerful enough, who
has the ability to perform the function in this case of guarding Paul's
TDNT notes that
all words deriving from the stem duna- have the basic meaning of
“being able,” of “capacity” in virtue of an ability) pertains to being
capable, able (having the ability to perform some
function; having sufficient power, skill, or resources to accomplish an
objective), adept (highly skilled or well-trained implying
aptitude as well as proficiency) or competent (being what is
necessary; having requisite or adequate ability or qualities).
Dunatos - 32 uses in NT - Matt. 19:26; 24:24;
26:39; Mk. 9:23; 10:27; 13:22; 14:35f; Lk. 1:49; 14:31; 18:27; 24:19;
Acts 2:24; 7:22; 11:17; 18:24; 20:16; 25:5; Rom. 4:21; 9:22; 11:23;
12:18; 15:1; 1 Co. 1:26; 2 Co. 10:4; 12:10; 13:9; Gal. 4:15; 2 Tim.
1:12; Titus 1:9; Heb. 11:19; Jas. 3:2
Paul like Abraham was
assured that what (God) had promised, He was
able (dunatos) also
to perform." (see note
Luke uses dunatos to
describe God as the "Mighty One" (Lk 1:49).
Paul writes to the Corinthians that God is
able (dunatos) to
make all grace abound to you, that always having all sufficiency in
everything, you may have an abundance for every good deed (2Cor 9:8)
Would that we all knew the "Mighty One" with such a
Paul understood the truth that the Lord God was
laying in Zion a stone, a tested
stone, a costly cornerstone for the foundation, firmly placed. He who
believes in it will not be disturbed. (Lxx = "ashamed")" (Isaiah 28:16)
from phulax = watchman) means not
simply to keep as a possession, but to keep secure and was a military
term that denotes the activity or office of a watchman whose job it was
“to protect” those who are asleep from harm during the night.
The soldier on watch was accountable with his own life to protect that
which was entrusted to his care.
Phulasso - 31 uses in the NT -
Mt 19:20; Mk. 10:20; Lk. 2:8; 8:29; 11:21, 28; 12:15; 18:21; Jn.
12:25, 47; 17:12; Acts 7:53; 12:4; 16:4; 21:24f; 22:20; 23:35; 28:16;
Ro 2:26; Gal. 6:13; 2Th 3:3; 1Ti 5:21; 6:20; 2Ti 1:12, 14;
4:15; 2Pe 2:5; 3:17; 1Jn 5:21; Jude 1:24. NAS = abstain(1),
guard(8), guarded(1), guarding(1), guards(1), keep(5), keeping(2),
keeps(1), kept(4), kept under guard(1), maintain(1), observe(2),
preserved(1), protect(1), watching(1).
specifically to deliberate and conscious watching, being on the alert,
carrying out "sentinel" functions, to guard (one assigned to protect or
oversee another) or to protect by taking careful measures. What a word
picture of our ever alert, all powerful "Sentinel" Christ Jesus Who is
MIGHTY enough to guard against robbery or preserve from loss.
His great prayer to His Father said
While I was with them...I
guarded (phulasso) them and not one of them perished
but the son of perdition.... (John
Paul reminded the afflicted saints at
the Lord is faithful and He will strengthen and
protect (phulasso) you from the evil one. (2Thes 3:3)
Jude uses phulasso to describe
Him Who is able to
keep (us) from stumbling..." (Jude
WHAT I HAVE ENTRUSTED TO HIM:
ten paratheken mou:
I have had many things in my hands
and have lost them all. But whatever I have been able to place in God's
hands I still possess.
Peter has a
parallel thought writing...
Therefore, those also who suffer
according to the will of God shall entrust their souls to a faithful
Creator in doing what is right. (see note
1 Peter 4:19)
Note that there are 2 ways this phrase can be translated: This could
refer to what Paul entrusted to God or alternatively could refer to what
God had entrusted to Paul's care (eg, the gospel).
The NASB and the
following versions translate this section with emphasis on Paul
entrusting to God --
what I have entrusted to Him (NIV)
that which I have committed to
what I have committed to Him (NKJV)
the deposit I have entrusted to Him (Darby)
to keep that which I have given into His care (BBE).
versions by contrast translate the phrase with the emphasis on what God
entrusted to Paul --
what He had entrusted to me (GWT)
has been entrusted to me (ESV, JNT)
what He has entrusted to me (TEV)
the work He has committed to me (Phillips)
that which has been committed as a trust to me (Wuest).
is interesting as it includes both views in its translation --
that which has been entrusted to me and which I have committed to Him
has an excellent summary writing that
"the former view...regards the
deposit variously as Paul's soul, his salvation or his final reward.
Thus viewed, God is pictured as the Trustee with Whom he has deposited
for safekeeping his temporal and eternal welfare. This truth provides
wondrous comfort to the tried and tested servant of the Lord. The
majority of Greek expositors... have held that the "deposit" is best
explained here...in the sense of the Christian message with which Paul
himself has been entrusted. The word (paratheke) occurs
only in (1Ti 6:20),
here and in (2Ti 1:14
following. In the other two passages the word clearly expresses
what is committed by God to a person and for which he is answerable to
God. This fact makes it probable that Paul, in the absence of any
indication otherwise, uses it in the same sense here...Thus viewed the
meaning is that the precious deposit of the Gospel, which God has
entrusted to Paul, God will not in these difficult times allow to be
lost. In view of his impending martyrdom and the devastating
persecutions of the Church which appear inevitable (2Ti 3:12
[note]) Paul is confident that the all powerful Guardian and Protector, Whom
he has learned to trust implicitly, will Himself safeguard the message
which He has given. We let "the deposit" mean the Gospel which has been
entrusted to him, yet this assurance ultimately includes himself, his
all, since the preaching of that Gospel was his very life."
Robertson favors the former translation
and so says
Literally, “my deposit,” as in a bank, the
bank of heaven which no burglar can break (Mt 6:19-note).
= beside + tithemi = place)
literally denotes “a putting with,” and so refers to a
deposit (anything entrusted to the care of another for safekeeping),
a trust, or something consigned or committed to another's charge for
faithful keeping. This practice was common in days when there were no
banks. The picture Paul is painting is drawn from this practice of one
person trusting another with some precious deposit, to be kept for a
time and then restored intact.
Paratheke is used
only three times in Scripture and each time in combination with the
phulasso (translated guard
or keep): 1Ti 6:20 2Ti 1:12, 2Ti 1:14
In his first epistle Paul used
the same combination of
paratheke in his exhortation to Timothy to
guard what has been
entrusted to (paratheke) you, avoiding
(ektrepo = present tense = continually turning away from, shunning,
avoiding meeting or associating with because false doctrine
is like a deadly, highly contagious plague) worldly (bebelos =
originally referred to everything outside the sacred grounds of a Greek
temple = describes what is outside the realm of truth, and hence unholy
and profane = same word in 2Ti 2:16-note) and empty chatter and the
opposing arguments (antithesis, a technical term used in rhetoric
for a counter proposition in a debate. Timothy was to avoid the
pseudo-intellectual arguments of those who merely wanted to attack
Scripture for their talk “will spread like gangrene” 2Ti
2:17-note) of what is falsely called
“knowledge”—which some have
professed and thus gone astray from ( missed the mark concerning) the faith. Grace be with you." (1Ti
The third use of paratheke is found in this
through the Holy Spirit who dwells in us, the treasure which has been
entrusted to you. (See note
Paratheke refers to something entrusted to another for
faithful keeping or deposited for protection.
William Barclay explains that paratheke...
means a deposit which has been
entrusted to a banker or someone else for safe-keeping. It is
essentially something which must be handed back or handed on absolutely
unchanged. That is to say the stress is on orthodoxy...It is the
word for money deposited with a banker or with a friend. When such money
was in time demanded back, it was a sacred duty to hand it back entire.
Sometimes children were called a paratheke, a sacred trust. If
the gods gave a man a child, it was his duty to present that child
trained and equipped to the gods.
Barclay goes on to quote
St. Vincent of Lerins: “What is meant by the deposit? (paratheke).
That which is committed to thee, not that which is invented by thee;
that which thou hast received, not that which thou hast devised; a thing
not of wit, but of learning; not of private assumption, but of public
tradition; a thing brought to thee, not brought forth of thee; wherein
thou must not be an author, but a keeper; not a leader, but a follower.
Keep the deposit. Preserve the talent of the faith safe and
undiminished; let that which is committed to thee remain with thee, and
that deliver. Thou hast received gold, render gold.”
Finally Barclay adds that
A man does well to remember that his duty is
not only to himself, but also to his children and his children’s
children. If in our day the Church were to become enfeebled; if the
Christian ethic were to be more and more submerged in the world; if the
Christian faith were to be twisted and distorted; it would not only be
we who were the losers, those of generations still to come would be
robbed of something infinitely precious. We are not only the possessors
but also the trustees of the faith. That which we have received, we must
also hand on." (Barclay,
W: The Daily Study Bible Series. The Westminster Press
Logos) (Bolding added)
Paratheke was a secular legal term describing something placed on
trust in another's keeping.
TDNT adds that paratheke referred to...
a trust agreement" and a "legal device whereby an object can be
entrusted to another’s keeping for a specific period. This object was
to be kept free, unused and undamaged until restoration. The
trustworthiness of the trustee was thus most important. (Kittel,
G., Friedrich, G., & Bromiley, G. W. Theological Dictionary of the New
Vincent notes that
with a Bishop for the use of the church were called trust-funds
(paratheke) of the church.
J. N. D. Kelly comments
concerning paratheke that this truth...
is not something which the church’s
minister works out for himself or is entitled to add to; it is a divine
revelation which has been committed to his care, and which it is his
bounden duty to pass on unimpaired to others."
William Barclay has an
illustration of paratheke that helps understand how this
specific word must have had such a profound impact on Timothy...
A man might deposit
something with a friend to be kept for his children or his loved ones;
he might deposit his valuables in a temple for safe keeping, for the
temples were the banks of the ancient world. In each case the thing
deposited was a parathēkē. In the ancient world there was no more sacred
duty than the safe-guarding of such a deposit and the returning of it
when in due time it was claimed. There was a famous Greek story which
told just how sacred such a trust was (Herodotus 6:89; Juvenal:
Satires, 13:199–208). The Spartans were famous for their strict
honour and honesty. A certain man of Miletus came to a certain Glaucus
of Sparta. He said that he had heard such great reports of the honesty
of the Spartans that he had turned half his possessions into money and
wished to deposit that money with Glaucus, until he or his heirs should
claim it again. Certain symbols were given and received which would
identify the rightful claimant when he should make his claim. The years
passed on; the man of Miletus died; his sons came to Sparta to see
Glaucus, produced the identifying tallies and asked for the return of
the deposited money. But Glaucus claimed that he had no memory of ever
receiving it. The sons from Miletus went sorrowfully away; but Glaucus
went to the famous oracle at Delphi to see whether he should admit the
trust or, as Greek law entitled him to do, should swear that he knew
nothing about it. The oracle answered:
“Best for the present it were, O
Glaucus, to do as thou wishest,
Swearing an oath to prevail, and so to make prize of the money.
Swear then—death is the lot even of those who never swear falsely.
Yet hath the Oath—god a son who is nameless, footless and handless;
Mighty in strength he approaches to vengeance, and whelms in destruction
All who belong to the race, or the house of the man who is perjured.
But oath-keeping men leave behind them a flourishing off-spring.”
Glaucus understood; the oracle was
telling him that if he wished for momentary profit, he should deny the
trust, but such a denial would inevitably bring eternal loss. He
besought the oracle to pardon his question; but the answer was that to
have tempted the god was as bad as to have done the deed. He sent for
the sons of the man of Miletus and restored the money. Herodotus goes
on: “Glaucus at this present time has not a single descendant; nor is
there any family known as his; root and branch has he been removed from
Sparta. It is a good thing therefore, when a pledge has been left with
one, not even in thought to doubt about restoring it.” To the Greeks
a paratheke was completely sacred." (Barclay,
W: The Daily Study Bible Series. The Westminster Press
Logos) (Bolding added)
The root verb paratithemi
is used in the Septuagint in Ps 31:5 where the David puts himself
under (entrusts himself to) God’s protection writing...
Into Thy hand I commit
(paratithemi) my spirit.
Thou hast ransomed me, O LORD, God of truth. (Psalm 31:5) (See
Our Lord Jesus quotes first half of this
verse from the cross
crying out with a loud voice, said, “Father,
into Thy hands I commit
(paratithemi - entrust) My
spirit." And having said this,
He breathed His last. (Luke
Does not this use of the related
verb paratithemi give you a added sense of the meaning of the noun
paratheke and why Paul was able to triumphantly withstand suffering
for his Lord. It is also interesting that church history reveals that many martyrs have also
quoted this verse from Psalm 31:5 at the moment of execution. Such confidence
at the point of death reveals tremendous trust in the Lord.
F B Meyer
(in Our Daily Homily) writes that...
There is a double deposit here, and
the comparison comes out clear and marked in the Greek. When we give our
most precious treasure into the custodianship of Jesus, He turns to
honor us by entrusting His own treasure to our care. Oh that we might be
as eager to keep that which He entrusts to us, as He is that which we
entrust to Him; so that He might be able to say of us, "I know them in
whom I have trusted, and am persuaded that they will never fail to do
whatever needs to be done for My honor and glory."
Our deposit with Christ. - What is the true policy of life? How
can I best spend these few years to the best advantage? What is there
beyond, and beyond? Such questions come to all earnest souls, and
greatly trouble them, till they entrust the keeping of their souls and
the direction of their lives into the hands of the faithful Saviour. We
feel sure that He has the words of eternal life, and that all power is
given to Him in heaven and on earth. At first there is something of a
venture - we trust Him; next, there is the knowledge which comes from
experience - we know Him; lastly, there is strong confidence - we are
persuaded that He is able.
Christ's deposit with us. - And what is this? 1Ti 6:20, 1Ti
4:16, suggests the answer. To every believer Jesus hands the custody of
His honor, His Gospel, His Father's glory, His holy day, the ordinances
which He bequeathed to the Church. As Ezra charged the priests to bear
safely through the desert march the sacred vessels, so our Captain
charges us, and throughout the whole Bible rings the injunction: "Be ye
clean, ye that bear the vessels of the Lord."
tells this story...
I read once about a family that put
their elderly grandmother on a plane for her first flight. She wasn’t
too sure about this mode of transportation, but she grudgingly went
along with it. When she returned, some of the family members couldn’t
help playfully asking, “Grannie, did the plane hold you up okay?” She
reluctantly admitted that it did, but then added, “But I never put my
full weight down on it.”
Trusting Christ as your Savior means
getting on board and putting your full weight down on Him. You let go of
any notion that you can do anything to save yourself. You abandon any
trust in your good works. You rely on Christ and His shed blood as the
only acceptable payment for your sins. That is the starting point of
banking with God.
Someone may wonder, “If I deposit all
of my life with Christ, does that mean that I have to be a missionary in
Africa?” The answer is, maybe, maybe not. It does mean that you must be
willing to be a missionary in Africa if the Lord calls you to do that.
Trusting Christ means that you trust that He is good and that He knows
what is best for your life. If He wants you to be a missionary in
Africa, you’d be miserable to be a successful stockbroker on Wall
Street. You’ve got to trust Him for that. You hand Him a blank check for
all of your life and He fills in the details. (Banking
Christ Is Able!
- Only when we fully trust someone will we commit ourselves to that
person. Such complete trust is depicted in the following story.
A crowd gazed in awe as a tightrope walker inched his way across Niagara
Falls. The people cheered when he accomplished the feat.
Then he turned to a man and said, "Do you think I could carry someone
across?" "Sure," the man replied.
"Let's go then!" "No thanks!" the man exclaimed. So the tightroper asked
another man, "What about you? Will you trust me?" "Yes, I will," he
said. That man climbed onto his shoulders, and with the water roaring
below they reached the other side.
Hidden in this story is a spiritual challenge each of us must face. Our
sinfulness is a yawning chasm between us and God, and we are unable to
cross it. Only Jesus is able to bring us safely to the other side. But
we must repent and trust Him with our lives. The apostle Paul
confidently wrote, "I know whom I have believed and am persuaded that He
is able to keep what I have committed to Him until that Day" (2Ti.
Are you trying on your own to cross the chasm of sin that separates you
from God? It's impossible. Put your trust in Christ, for He alone is
able to bring you to God. —Joanie Yoder (Our
Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by
permission. All rights reserved)
My hope is built on
Than Jesus' blood and righteousness;
I dare not trust the sweetest frame,
But wholly lean on Jesus' name. --Mote
Christ is the bridge over the chasm of sin.
TO HIM UNTIL THAT DAY: eis
ekeinen ten hemeran:
(same phrase in 2Ti 1:18, 4:8) -
This begs the question "What day?"
For Paul it would be the day he would see Jesus, either by Jesus coming
for Paul (see
harpazo - the Rapture)
or by Paul going to Jesus (falling asleep in Jesus). The early saints
lived with an awareness of imminency of that day, and this was so
well known to them that they did not even need to identify it. That Day
Most expositors favor that day
in context has reference to the Second Coming of the Lord, when the
church will be raptured and then experience the Judgment
Seat of Christ (see 2Co 5:10-note,
cf Ro 14:10-note) where
each man's work will become evident; for
will show it, because it is to be revealed with fire and the fire itself
will test the quality of each man's work. If any man's work which he has
built upon it remains, he shall receive a reward. If any man's work is
burned up, he shall suffer loss; but he himself shall be saved, yet so
as through fire. (1Cor 3:13, 14, 15)
Comparison with the other two uses
of that day in 2 Timothy would support this interpretation.
Remember that the best commentary on Scripture is always Scripture (See
Compare Scripture with Scripture).
the Lord grant to him (Onesiphorus)
to find mercy from the Lord on that day-- and you know
very well what services he rendered at Ephesus. (see note
2 Timothy 1:18)
Thomas Constable commenting on
2Timothy 1:18 writes that
Paul wished the Lord would show
Onesiphorus “mercy” at the judgment seat of Christ [cf. “that day” in 2Ti 1:12]. Paul seems to have been envisioning a scene in which all his
unfaithful brethren would stand before the Lord, Onesiphorus among them,
namely Christ’s judgment seat. God would express displeasure with the
failure of the others, but Onesiphorus would escape that shame (cf. 1John 2:28). (2
in the future there is laid up for me
the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, will
award to me on that day; and not only to me, but also to all who
have loved His appearing. (see note
2 Timothy 4:8)
Barnes has an interesting, convicting thought on that day -
It seems to have been so much the object of thought and conversation
among the early Christians, that the apostle supposed that he would be
understood by merely referring to it as that day; that is, the
day which they were always preaching about, and talking about, and
explains until that day as Paul's reference to...
the day of judgment, when all
accounts will be squared away before God. If this life is all that there
is, then we live in a cruel and unfair world. Here is a godly,
self-sacrificing apostle in a dungeon while a perverted lunatic revels
in luxury and debauchery as he rules the Roman Empire. Paul was executed
while Nero kept on partying. That was not fair! But, that day is coming.
When he was preaching to the intellectuals in Athens, Paul proclaimed
(Acts 17:31) that God “has fixed a day in which He will judge the world
in righteousness through a Man whom He has appointed, having furnished
proof to all men by raising Him from the dead.” If Jesus is risen, then
that day is coming. No one will get away with anything. All wrongs will
be brought to light and punished. All who have trusted in Christ will
not face judgment, but will “stand in the presence of His glory
blameless with great joy” (Jude 24). In light of eternity, it is a
secure and wise investment to deposit your life with Jesus Christ. Have
you made that deposit with your life? That’s where you begin. You commit
everything that you are and have to Christ, convinced that He is able to
guard your deposit until that day. (Banking
The reality (and
certainty) of that
should motivate each of us to discipline ourselves for godliness, even laboring and striving
toward that worthy goal (1Ti 4:7, 8, 9, 10-see
In light of that day we should seek to cleanse ourselves from
all defilement of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear
of God? (2Cor 7:1-note,
cf 1Jn 3:2, 3:3)
Before the judgment seat of Christ
my service will not be judged by how much I have done but by how much of
me there is in it.
When Sir James Simpson, the
discoverer of chloroform, was on his deathbed, a friend asked him,
what are your speculations?” Simpson replied: “Speculations! I
have no speculations! ‘For I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded
that He is able to keep that which I have committed unto Him against
How wonderful that the last words
on his life were a recollection of the keeping power of our Mighty
Savior. I pray it be likewise with us all dear reader.