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2 Timothy 2:1
(by means of)
you, my son, be strong (strengthened inwardly) in the grace (spiritual
blessing) that is [to be found only] in Christ Jesus.
Bible - Lockman)
CEV: Timothy, my child, Christ Jesus is kind, and you must let
him make you strong. (CEV)
ESV: You then, my child, be strengthened by the grace that is
in Christ Jesus,
KJV: Thou therefore, my son, be strong in the grace that is in Christ
ICB: Timothy, you are like a son to me. Be strong in the grace
that we have in Christ Jesus.
NLT: Timothy, my dear son, be strong with the special
favor God gives you in Christ Jesus. (NLT
- Tyndale House)
TEV: As for you,
my son, be strong through the grace that is ours in union with Christ
Wuest: As for
you, therefore, my child, be clothed with inward strength by the grace
which is in Christ Jesus (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: Thou, therefore, my
child, be strong in the grace [that is] in Christ Jesus,
THEREFORE MY SON: Su oun teknon mou: (2Ti 1:2; 1Ti 1:2, 18, Php
is emphatic (placed first in the Greek sentence) clearly bringing out
that Paul is making a direct appeal to Timothy. But like a good
Paul speaking from his "longing" heart (2Ti 1:4-note)
adds the tender affirmation my
for he knows that to truly motivate others, one must express genuine and
unqualified concern for their full spiritual blessing and let them know
that they are loved without reservation.
How are you motivating your
children in the Lord...with legalism or love?
(teknon) (See discussion of my beloved son/child - 2Ti 1:2-note) refers to a child as viewed in relation to his parents
or family and takes on special theological significance
when the Bible calls believers the children of God. not
because of our "childlikeness" but to affirm the fact that we are
members of God's family and thus heirs (Ro 8:15-note;
Ro 8:17-note) to the "family fortune".
In a similar sense Timothy having been "bequeathed" the "family"
treasure of the gospel was to guard it with his life. New Testament
disciples are called children of their teachers, because the latter by
their instruction nourish the minds of their pupils and mold their
characters so that they take on "family characteristics".
Charles Simeon introduces
his sermon on this text asking...
HOW shall it be that all of us, who
are assembled here this day, should ever get to heaven, so weak as we
are, and so corrupt, and in the midst of so many and great dangers? I
look back to the Apostle’s days; and find, that when he was in prison at
Rome, “all the converts that were of Asia, turned away from him;” but
that one pious man, “Onesiphorus, sought him out with great diligence,”
to relieve his necessities, and to comfort his soul. Now, if reduced
to such straits as the Apostle Paul was, for the Gospel’s sake, how
should we hope to stand? How should we avoid the apostasy of the many,
and retain the fidelity of the few? This instruction the Apostle gives
to his beloved Timothy: “Thou, therefore, my son, (seeing how hard it is
to stand in times of severe trial,) be strong in the grace that is in
Christ Jesus:” that is, ‘know that there is grace treasured up for thee
in Christ: and, in dependence upon that, thou shalt be able to sustain
all the trials that shall come upon thee.’ (2
Timothy 2:1 Strength in the Grace of Christ)
Hiebert comments that...
the tender address "my child"
reminds him that what is now to be urged upon him comes from the tender,
yearning heart of his spiritual father. (2 Timothy by D. Edmond
(3767) (oun) refers to what has gone before and introduces a
logical result or inference from the preceding discourse (See discussion
terms of conclusion). With that in
mind what had Paul just related that dictated that Timothy needed to be strong in grace in
Although chapter breaks tend to "disrupt" the flow of thought in
a letter, if one observes the nearest context it is obvious that Paul had just
given Timothy the reminder of the spiritual defection stating "that
all who are in Asia turned away"
which would surely have been disheartening to his young disciple (2Ti
cp 2Ti 1:12-note). But Paul had also contrasted
the sad defection with the noble example of Onesiphorus (2Ti 1:16, 17,
In addition, in a more
general context Paul had made it very clear throughout chapter 1 that carrying
the treasure of the gospel would bring suffering. So Paul
begins this exhortational-instructional portion of the letter by
emphasizing the need for personal "extrinsic" empowerment for ministry. Paul is not
appealing to Timothy to "pull himself up by his bootstraps" so to speak
or to "get a grip" on his emotions and courage in his own strength
Paul uses multiple pictures in this chapter to illustrate various facets
of the Christian life and each one is worthy of mediation:
Son/Child (2Ti 2:1-note)
Teacher (2Ti 2:2-note)
Soldier (2Ti 2:3,4 -
Athlete (2Ti 2:5 -note)
Farmer (2Ti 2:6 -
Prisoner (2Ti 2:9 -note,
Workman (2Ti 2:15 -note)
Vessel (2Ti 2:21-note)
Bondservant (2Ti 2:24-note)
(BY MEANS OF) THE GRACE THAT
IS IN CHRIST JESUS: endunamou (2SPPM) en te chariti te en Christo Iesou:
(2Ti 1:7; Josh 1:7; Hag 2:4; 1Co 16:13; 2Pe 3:18) (See Torrey's
Our Translations = be strong through
the grace that is ours in union with Christ Jesus (TEV),
be clothed with inward strength (Wuest), find your strength in the grace which is in Christ Jesus (Barclay),
you must let Him make you strong (CEV ),
be strong with the special favor God gives you in Christ Jesus (NLT),
be strong (strengthened inwardly) in the grace (spiritual blessing) that
is [to be found only] in Christ Jesus" (AMP)
from en = in + dunamóo =
strengthen) in simple terms
means to put power in (like a car needs gas for power)
and thus to make strong or vigorous, to strengthen (active voice) or to be
(passive voice) strengthened,
enabled or empowered.
This word is found only in biblical and
ecclesiastical Greek. The idea is to cause one to be able to function or
do something. It can refer to physical strengthening as in (Heb
but more often endunamoo refers to
spiritual or moral strengthening as in the case of Abraham who
respect to the (humanly speaking impossible) promise of God
(of the birth of Isaac in his old age by Sarah), he did not waver
(was not divided, did not vacillate between two opinions - belief and
unbelief - implies mental struggle) in unbelief, but grew strong
(endunamoo - was endued with strength or empowered) in
faith (Godly faith is not full understanding but full trust),
giving glory to God (Ro 4:20-note)
Isaac was the result of a
biological miracle performed by God in answer to Abraham’s faith.
Godly faith glorifies God and thus the One Who even gives the faith
receives all the glory.
Dunamóo is derived from dúnamis
which means to be able or to have power (Click
for in depth word study of
Related Resource: Wayne Barber
Dúnamis refers to inherent strength
residing in a thing by virtue of its nature. The best spiritual example
is the "gospel" which is the inherent, omnipotent power of God operating
in the salvation of a lost soul that accepts it.
for study of
means power in the sense of that which overcomes resistance or
effects a change.
Dúnamis is used in the NT to speak of
miracles or supernatural acts which have in them the inherent power
of God or in which one sees His supernatural power exerted in their
Endunamoo - 7x in NAS = Acts 9:22; Ro 4:20; Eph. 6:10; Phil 4:13-note;
1Ti 1:12; 2Ti 2:1; 2Ti 4:17-note.
NAS = grew strong, 1; increasing in strength, 1;
strengthened, 2; strengthens, 1; strong, 2.
Endunamoo is used only once in the
Septuagint (Lxx) in the description of Gideon as he was being prepared for
Judges 6:34 So the Spirit
of the LORD came upon (Hebrew = labash = wrap around by
implication to put on a garment or clothe oneself, array, used
figuratively of "clothing" one's self with the Holy Spirit!
= endunamoo - strengthened or empowered)
Gideon; and he blew a trumpet, and the Abiezrites were called together
to follow him.
Comment: What a beautiful
parallel between being clothed with Holy Spirit and being empowered for
spiritual work! Surely this is a pattern all God's servants should seek
to emulate - being continually filled with and strengthened inwardly by
the Spirit of Christ, for just as surely apart from Him and His
enablement, the servant, no matter how sincere and diligent in his own
strength, can accomplish absolutely nothing of eternal value (Jn 15:5),
nothing which brings glory to the Lord (Mt 5:16-note).
In calling on Timothy to "be
strong", note that Paul is not telling Timothy
to "gut it up" and summon up his own natural strength. Paul is asking him to "be strengthened"
to be made strong, which speaks not of natural but of supernatural
strength to carry out supernatural "good works."
Timothy is to let the Lord's grace
give him the needed strength. Endunamoo is not in the active but the passive voice,
which indicates that Paul is not telling Timothy to be strong in his own strength (as
active voice indicating the subject performs the action
in this case of making himself strong). The
indicates that the source of strengthening comes from without or from a
source independent of the subject, specifically from the supernatural
grace that is in Christ and that Timothy (and all saints) need to "tap
in to" daily and even moment by moment.
Wuest tries to picture the idea
translating it "be clothed with inward strength". Paul is saying be strengthened
or be made strong.
see the important distinction brought out by the passive voice?
THINK ABOUT YOUR
CAR...YOU DRIVE UP TO THE GAS STATION WHEN YOU ARE LOW ON FUEL....YOU
PUT THE GAS IN YOUR CAR...YOUR CAR'S ENGINE IS "STRENGTHENED" BY POWER
FROM A SOURCE THAT IS OUTSIDE THE CAR.
issues this important directive as a command (imperative
mood) to be carried out continually (present
Timothy is to be like a "vessel" and to allow the Lord to fill him with
His power and strength. Remember that God is opposed to the proud but
gives grace to the humble (James 4:6-note) and that when we are weak (in our strength), then
and only then are we strong (His strength)! (2Cor 12:9) So even though endunamoo is passive voice, this
experience of being made strong still involves "co-operation" of the one
being strengthened. In other words, the believer is not just a passive recipient of this
strength, but must actively, continually appropriate (trust in, rely on,
submit to, surrender to, yield to) the source of
strength that comes from the grace that is in Christ Jesus. It is not simply "Let go and let God." The believer is not simply a passive recipient of
Christ's strength, but must willingly receive, continually rely and depend on the Source of
strength in God's "grace
which was granted us in Christ Jesus from all eternity"
(2Ti 1:9 -note).
Jerry Bridges explains
Grammatically, Paul’s words
strengthened (be strong in) are in the form of what we may
call “a passive imperative.” The
passive voice indicates
something done to us, not by us, while the
is used to command
someone to do something. When we want someone to do something, we
ordinarily use the
active voice, not the passive. For example, when Paul
urged Timothy to “preach
the word” (2Ti 4:2-note),
he used the
imperative. But Paul’s words be strengthened
indicate that something is to be done to Timothy. He’s to
strengthened by something outside himself. That something is “the
grace that is in Christ Jesus.” (Ed: How is this grace
"distributed" to believers today? Through the effective working of the
indwelling Spirit of Christ, the "Spirit of Grace" [Heb 10:29b])
We usually associate grace with the first bookend (Ed:
Christ's Perfect Righteousness Imputed or Reckoned to the believer's
"spiritual account"), thinking of verses
like Ephesians 2:8-note:
“For by grace you have been saved through faith.” But grace in the New
Testament is actually much broader—it includes all the blessings God has
given us through Christ. Those blessings can generally be classified
under two categories: privileges and power.
The grace in 2Timothy 2:1 is the blessing of power. It’s the same
category of grace we see in 2Corinthians 12:9-note
as the Lord tells Paul, “My grace is sufficient [continually
enough, continually suffices] for you, for my power
-supernatural inherent ability to accomplish] is made perfect in weakness,” and Paul responds, “Therefore I
will boast all the more gladly of my weaknesses, so that the power [dunamis]
of Christ may rest upon me.” Here God equates His grace
with His power; power that can be experienced only through
human weakness. So when Paul wanted Timothy to be strengthened by
the same divine power he had experienced, he urged Timothy to be
strengthened by grace.
How is Timothy to respond to this command? By faith (Ed: Which
includes renouncing confidence in our own natural "power" and relying wholly on
the Holy Spirit's supernatural enabling power) he’s to rely on
the power of the Holy Spirit (Ed: Reliance) instead of his own resolutions,
self-effort, or will-power (Ed: Renunciation). He is to acknowledge that without
Christ he can do nothing (John 15:5).
Just as he must look outside himself
to Christ’s righteousness for his standing before God (Ed: "Bookend"
#1), he must also look outside himself to the power of the Holy Spirit
for his strength to live the Christian life. And the same is true for
Bookends of the Christian Life -Jerry Bridges, Bob Bevington)
(Highly recommended if you
are truly seeking to "walk the talk"!)
(Consider using this book for a Bible Study - you can download a free
Study Guide The Bookends of the Christian Life) (Bolding added)
Comment: Jerry Bridges'
preceding lucid, logical explanation begs several questions:
"Are you frustrated with your
"Do you feel powerless over
certain sins in your life?"
"Who are you relying on to live
the supernatural life
you have been called to live to the glory of God?"
Remember that Paul has already
told Timothy that God has...given you a spirit of...power. (2Ti 1:7-note)
and yet here we see that Timothy and you and I are to believe and
receive and walk in the power (experience it = "experiential truth") that is already ours
(by virtue of our position - "in Christ"! = "positional truth") because of the
sure promise of God Who cannot lie (Nu 23:19, Malachi 3:6-note). In
other words Timothy doesn't so much need to pray for power but he needs
to learn to rely and totally depend on the power that is available to
him in Christ, Whose Spirit indwells him (Ro 8:9-note) and Who is the source of that
power which os based on grace (it's unmerited). Does this make sense? If not see (2Ti
2:7-note) where God says if we
continually consider (continually seek to understand, giving careful
consideration to) what Paul writes, He will
give us understanding into these truths so vital to the "victorious"
Christian walk (So let us humble ourselves and ask Him to do just that
Paul teaches a similar
truth in issuing a command (present
imperative) to the saints at Ephesus
to prepare them for the intense spiritual war with their powerful (but
not omnipotent) supernatural foe, the devil..
(passive voice ~ indicates this
enablement comes from without, from God)
present tense = continually be strengthened
with supernatural enabling power) in (Notice the Source - in) the Lord...(Why?)
of explanation) our struggle
is not against flesh and blood... (Ep 6:10-note,
also see sermon on
Luke uses this same verb in
describing Paul's conversion writing that
tense) increasing in
strength (endunamoo - passive voice = was being
empowered - progressively increasing in strength as Jewish opposition
grew) and confounding (this word in English implies
temporary mental paralysis caused by astonishment or profound abasement) the Jews who lived at Damascus by proving ("knitting together" -
continually putting together in his mind the OT clues and concluding
Jesus was the Messiah) that this Jesus is the Christ. (Acts 9:22)
In his first letter to Timothy
Paul (probably alluding to his empowerment in Acts) thanked
Christ Jesus our Lord, Who" had "strengthened (endunamoo)" him,
because He considered (him) faithful, putting (him) into
service. (1Ti 1:12)
God’s sovereign purpose for Paul and for all believers works through
personal faith. Until Paul was turned by the Holy Spirit from
self-righteous works to faith alone in Christ, he could not be
empowered and used by God.
In his last words to Timothy, Paul
illustrated his personal example of being strong in the grace that is in
Christ Jesus writing that in the face of everyone deserting him (as
might happen to Timothy or any disciple who retains the standard of
Lord stood with me (fulfilling His promise never to “leave or
forsake” His children) and strengthened (endunamoo) me, in order that through
me the proclamation might be fully accomplished, and that all the
Gentiles might hear; and I was delivered out of the lion's mouth.
Paul is saying to Timothy in essence that "in your weakness He will be your strength". It
is worth noting that endunamoo is used in (Acts 9:22) at the beginning of Paul's public ministry, where we
noted above that he "kept increasing in strength" and then is
used here in 2 Timothy 4:17 which marks the end of his public ministry—a
poignant picture of this Paul's continual dependence upon the sustaining
strength of the Lord!
IN CHRIST'S SUFFICIENCY!
Paul reminds the saints at
Philippi that he had learned the secret of contentment (Php 4:11, 12-note)
do all things through Him Who strengthens (endunamoo -
continually strengthens) him
Comment: Notice the balance in
this passage - Our part is to "do" (albeit even that is enabled
by the Spirit!) and God's part is to continually enable us by His Spirit
Who indwells us. We can't "do" unless He first "does"! Jettison any hope
or aspiration that you can do anything of eternal value in your strength
- replace your self reliance with Spirit reliance. How? By faith. By
believing He will enable you to do whatever it is He prompts you to do.
You still have the choice to say "Yes" or "No." God will not force you
(He might discipline you but He will not force you!)
I like how the Amplified Version
paraphrases Php 4:13...
I am ready for anything and equal to
anything through Him (Ed: Christ is the "key" - His indwelling
Spirit Ro 8:9) Who infuses inner strength into me;
self-sufficient in Christ’s sufficiency.
Comment: To be sure it Christ in us
the Hope of Glory but according to Paul it is the Spirit of Christ and
so the Spirit is the Member of the Trinity Who enables us. However since
the Trinity is a unity, the entire Godhead is involved as the great
Puritan writer John Owen
Everything God does He does as the
triune God. Each Person of the Trinity is involved in every action of
God. Yet at the same time each Person has a special role to fulfill in
that work....There is no good that we receive from God but it is
brought to us and wrought in us by the Holy Spirit. Nor is there in us
any good towards God, any faith, love, obedience to His will, but what
we are enabled (Ed: Note not "helped" which implies we have some
ability and just need a little "push" but enabled) to do so by the Holy Spirit. (Pneumatologia,
Or, A Discourse Concerning the Holy Spirit)
John MacArthur notes
commenting on this passage in Philippians adds
that Paul does not...
mean that he could physically survive
indefinitely without food, water, sleep, or shelter. What he is saying
is that when he reached the limit of his resources and strength, even to
the point of death, he was infused with the strength of Christ.
He could overcome the most dire physical difficulties because of the
inner, spiritual strength God had given him. (MacArthur,
J. Philippians. Chicago: Moody Press)
Dear reader. Are you
weak today? in distress? insulted? in difficulty? persecuted?
Then consider imitating Paul and "boast" about it for you are on the
pathway of empowerment, for
He (Jesus) has said
is sufficient (adequate, enough, possessing unfailing strength,
sufficing) for you, for power
(dunamis) is perfected (teleo
- word study) -
perfected, brought to the intended end) in weakness.
To which Paul responded
gladly, therefore, I will rather boast about my weaknesses, that the
Christ may dwell in me...for when I am weak, then I am strong.
Let us therefore humbly submit to and thankfully accept (this is very
difficult for me and a lesson I have to continually "re-learn") the circumstances
and/or people God sends
into our life as the vessels He will use to cause us to continually rely
on His grace and His power (dunamis).
flow of God’s power into the believer’s life
Compared with the issue of physical health
by Dr. D. Martyn Lloyd-Jones
Now I suggest that that is analogous to this whole subject of
power in one’s life as a Christian. Health is something that
results from right living. Health cannot be obtained directly or
immediately or in and of itself. There is a sense in which I am
prepared to say that a man should not think of his health as such
at all. Health is the result of right living, and I say exactly
the same thing about this question of power in our Christian
Or let me use another
illustration. Take this question of preaching. No subject is
discussed more often than power in preaching. “Oh, that I might
have power in preaching,” says the preacher and he goes on his
knees and prays for power. I think that that may be quite wrong.
It certainly is if it is the only thing that the preacher does.
The way to have power is to prepare your message carefully. Study
the Word of God, think it out, analyze it, put it in order, do
your utmost. That is the message God is most likely to bless—the
indirect approach rather than the direct. It is exactly the same
in this matter of power and ability to live the Christian life. In
addition to our prayer for power and ability we must
obey certain primary rules and laws.
I can therefore summarize
the teaching like this. The secret of power is to discover and to
learn from the New Testament what is possible for us in Christ.
What I have to do is to go to Christ. I must spend my time with
Him. I must meditate upon Him, I must get to know Him. That was
Paul’s ambition—“that I might know Him.” I must maintain my
contact and communion with Christ and I must concentrate on
What else? I must do
exactly what He tells me. I must avoid things that would hamper.
If in the midst of persecution we want to feel as Paul felt, we
must live as Paul lived. I must do what He tells me, both to do
and not to do. I must read the Bible, I must exercise, I must
practise the Christian life, I must live the Christian life in all
Spiritual Depression: Its Causes and Cure: page 298-99, 1965
(Click for in depth word study of
in simple terms is God's unmerited
favor and supernatural enablement and empowerment for salvation and for
daily sanctification. Grace is everything for nothing to those who don't
W E Vine
comments on "grace" as used in this context stating that
It is not here grace
to the guilty but the gracious favor of God in its enabling power
and effect, which is to be found alone in Christ...Only
as we live in the enjoyment of the power of this grace
can we devotedly and faithfully discharge the service committed to us.
There is adequate
grace to meet our every need. (Vine,
W. Collected writings of W. E. Vine. Nashville: Thomas Nelson
) (Bolding added)
In the grace
that is in Christ Jesus indicates that the grace is the inward
source of a believer's strength. Thus in
is probably instrumental and could be translated by means of or in the power of His grace.
Williams paraphrases it
"in the spiritual blessing that comes through union with" Christ Jesus.
The English Version (TEV)
paraphrase is similar and emphasizes the
Source of this grace is
in union with Christ Jesus
Our Source of strength is Christ Jesus,
the Word...full of grace
and truth...of His fulness we have all received and
and truth were realized through
All believers need to be mindful of our spiritual resources and
resist the tendency (temptation) to rely on our own strength
or otherwise we will experience discouragement, weariness, and
disillusionment because spiritual warfare is a supernatural battle,
which is hard and which will not stop until we are glorified.
So in this chapter, Paul is
reminding Timothy of the Source of His strength and the necessity to
rely on the Source rather than self, a message frequently recorded in
Scripture (Joshua 1:6, 7, 1:7, 1Chr 22:13, 1Cor 16:13, see Ep 6:10-note
Ray Stedman comments on
"the grace that is in Christ Jesus"
I submit to you that those are much
more than mere religious words; they are words of great, practical
value. The only way you can keep your inner life strong is by a
relationship to the Living God. That has been proven again and again in
human history. If you think you can stand against the forces of today's
world by leaning on your friends, your family, your guru, your
psychiatrist, or your counselor, you will find they will crumble when
you need them most. The only reliable source of strength in a day in
which the world is falling apart is what Paul calls here, "The grace
that is in Christ Jesus." We sing that in our hymns: "On Christ the
solid rock I stand; all other ground is sinking sand." That expresses
what the apostle is saying here. (Soldier's,
Athletes, and Farmers)
Spurgeon comments on "grace...in
has grace without measure in Himself, but He hath not retained it
for Himself. As the reservoir empties itself into the pipes, so hath
Christ emptied out His grace for His people. "Of His fulness have all we
received, and grace for grace." (Jn 1:16) He seems only to have in order to dispense to us. He stands like the
fountain, always flowing, but only running in order to supply the empty
pitchers and the thirsty lips which draw nigh unto it. Like a tree, He
bears sweet fruit, not to hang on boughs, but to be gathered by those
who need. Grace,
whether its work be to pardon, to cleanse, to preserve, to strengthen,
to enlighten, to quicken, or to restore, is ever to be had from Him
freely and without price; nor is there one form of the work of grace
which He has not bestowed upon His people. As the blood of the body,
though flowing from the heart, belongs equally to every member, so the
influences of grace are the inheritance of every saint united to the
Lamb; and herein there is a sweet communion between Christ and his
Church, inasmuch as they both receive the same grace. Christ is the head
upon which the oil is first poured; but the same oil runs to the very
skirts of the garments, so that the meanest saint has an unction of the
same costly moisture as that which fell upon the head. This is true
communion when the sap of grace flows from the stem to the branch, and
when it is perceived that the stem itself is sustained by the very
nourishment which feeds the branch. As we day by day receive grace from
Jesus, and more constantly recognize it as coming from Him, we shall
behold Him in communion with us, and enjoy the felicity of communion
with Him. Let us make daily use of our riches, and ever repair to Him as
to our own Lord in covenant, taking from him the supply of all we need
with as much boldness as men take money from their own purse.
(Spurgeon, C H: Morning and Evening) (Bolding added)
J Vernon McGee adds this pithy comment
I love this—be strong in grace. My friend, if you think that you can
grit your teeth and go out and live the Christian life on your own,
you’re in for a great disappointment. If you feel that you can follow a
few little rules or some clever gimmicks to make you a mature Christian,
then you have fallen into a subtle trap of legalism. Paul gives
no rules, and the Word of God has no rules to tell the child of God how
to live the Christian life. We are saved by grace, and now we are to
live by the grace of God and be strong in that grace....When I hear
Christians say, “I don’t do this, and I don’t do that, and I am
following a set of rules,” I immediately recognize that they know very
little about the grace of God. They are trying to live the Christian
life in their own strength. Paul says, “Be strong in the grace that is
in Christ Jesus. (McGee,
J V: Thru the Bible Commentary: Nashville: Thomas Nelson)
permeates this short epistle --
Paul opened with a benediction
(2 Timothy 1:2-note)
reminded Timothy that he was saved by
(2 Timothy 1:9-note) and
closed with his final written words of blessing - "grace
be with you". (2 Timothy 4:22-note).
How would Timothy "succeed" in
How could he possibly be able to
suffer hardship as a good soldier? Would he succeed because he studied
enough, prayed enough, taught enough, endured enough, etc?
No, there was only one way to
fulfill his ministry. The way he began...by the grace that is in Christ.
This grace is embodied in Christ Jesus Who imparts it to all who are in union with Him, just as the vine imparts
its life and fruitfulness to the branches that are abiding in union with
it, for as Jesus said "apart
(and His "sap" of empowering grace) you can do nothing"
(Jn 15:5). As believers we exist in the sphere of grace through our
union with Christ. It's the grace of
God that empowers believers.
It's God's grace that would enable Timothy and us to please and serve
God--otherwise we could do nothing of eternal value.
Peter prayed that
and peace be
multiplied" to his readers (who were believers) "in the
knowledge (epignosis = full, complete knowledge) of God and of Jesus
our Lord (See note
From Peter's prayer for his
readers, one can deduce that the deeper and wider the channel through
which knowledge of the Lord flows, the more grace and
peace will be multiplied, assuming that this "head knowledge"
becomes "heart knowledge", leading to obedience motivated by love not
legalism. The more we study and obey the "gospel of the grace of God"
(Acts 20:24), the more grace shall we derive from the "Word of His
grace" (Acts 14:3).
knowing God is the means by which
become large and powerful in our lives. If you want to enjoy God's peace
and be the aroma of his grace
in the world, your
Him has to grow.
Grace is not a
mere deposit. It is a power that leads to godliness
(Titus 2:11, 12 see notes
2:12) and eternal life (cf
Ep 2:8,9 -
And where knowledge of the glory and excellence of God
does not flow. The channel from God's infinite reservoir of
into and through our lives is knowledge of God. We do not study
the Scripture for its own sake, but because through it comes the
knowledge of God and through that, grace
and peace are multiplied in your heart..."
But knowledge alone will not open the floodgates of grace. We must obey
what we know. To say it another way:
Because we belong to Christ, we are continually in the sphere of grace
(grace in which we
stand - see Romans 5:2 -
But to enjoy the sphere of blessing, we must live in the sphere of
obedience. Peter ends his second epistle with a command to "grow
in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ"
(2Pe 3:18 -note).
Spurgeon adds that "an increase of love to Jesus and a more perfect
apprehension of His love to us is one of the best tests of growth in
grace. (Bolding added)
Faith's Checkbook Spurgeon comments on
the truth that
"The LORD gives grace
and glory" (Ps 84:11):
is what we need just now, and it is to be had freely.
What can be freer than a gift? Today we shall receive sustaining,
strengthening, sanctifying, satisfying grace.
He has given daily grace
until now, and as for the future, that
grace is still sufficient. If we
have but little grace
the fault most lie in ourselves; for the LORD is not straitened, neither
is He slow to bestow it in abundance. We may ask for as much as we will
and never fear a refusal. He giveth liberally and upbraideth not. The
LORD may not give gold, but He will give
grace: He may not give gain,
but He will give grace.
He will certainly send us trial, but He will give
in proportion thereto. We may be called to labor and to suffer, but with
the call there will come all the grace
required; What an "end" is that in the text -- "and glory!" We do not
need glory yet, and we are not yet fit for it; but we shall have it in
due order. After we have eaten the bread of
we shall drink the wine of glory. We must go through the holy, which is
grace, to the holiest of
all, which is glory. These words and glory are enough to make a man
dance for joy. A little while -- a little while, and then glory forever!"
The way upward to the throne of grace to receive grace in the nick of
time is downward in our estimation of our abilities and our strength.
Checkbook) commenting on the fact that "God is opposed to
the proud but gives grace to the humble" (James
hearts seek grace,
and therefore they get it. Humble
hearts yield to the sweet influences of
grace, and so it is bestowed on
them more and more largely. Humble
hearts lie in the valleys where streams of
grace are flowing, and hence
they drink of them, Humble
hearts are grateful for grace
and give the LORD the glory of it, and hence it is consistent with His
honor to give it to them. Come, dear reader, take a lowly place. Be
little in thine own esteem, that the LORD may make much of thee. Perhaps
the sigh breaks out, "I fear I am not
humble." It may be that this is
the language of true humility.
Some are proud of being humble,
and this is one of the very worst sorts of pride. We are needy,
helpless, undeserving, hell-deserving creatures, and if we are not
we ought to be. Let us humble
ourselves because of our sins against
humility, and then the LORD will
give us to taste of His favor.
grace which makes us
which finds in this humility
an opportunity for pouring in more grace.
Let us go down that we may rise. Let us be poor in spirit that God may
make us rich. Let us be humble
that we may not need to be humbled but may be exalted by the
of God." Spurgeon adds that "Our
troubles have always brought us blessings, and they always will. They
are the black chariots of bright grace."
LORD will give us grace
to follow the most difficult paths of duty without a stumble. He can fit
our foot for the crags so that we shall be at home where apart from God
we should perish." "It seems
that Jehovah's way is to lower those whom He means to raise and to strip
those whom He intends to clothe. If it is His way, it is the wisest and
best way. If I am now enduring the bringing low, I may well rejoice,
because I see in it the preface to the lifting up. The more we are
the more we shall be exalted in glory. That impoverishment which will be
overruled for our enrichment is to be welcomed.
Commenting on "My grace
Our weakness should be prized as making room for
divine strength. We might never have known the power of
if we had not felt the weakness of nature. Blessed be the LORD for the
thorn in the flesh, and the messenger of Satan, when they drive us to
the strength of God. This is a precious word from our LORD's own lip. It
has made the writer laugh for joy. God's
grace enough for me! I should
think it is. Is not the sky enough for the bird and the ocean enough for
the fish? The All-Sufficient is sufficient for my largest want. He who
is sufficient for earth and heaven is certainly able to meet the case of
one poor worm like me. Let us, then, fall back upon our God and His
If He does not remove our grief, He will enable us to bear it. His
strength shall be poured into us till the worm shall thresh the
mountains, and a nothing shall be victor over all the high and mighty
ones. It is better for us to have God's strength than our own; for if we
were a thousand times as strong as we are, it would amount to nothing in
the face of the enemy; and if we could be weaker than we are, which is
scarcely possible, yet we could do all things through Christ.
What Comes Naturally?
- The story is told about an elderly man who retired after many years in
the British Army. One day a man who knew about his long and
distinguished military career decided to play a prank on him. As the old
soldier walked down the street with his arms full of packages, the
jokester sneaked up behind him and shouted, "Attention!" Without
hesitation, the military man dropped his arms to his side, and every
package went tumbling to the sidewalk. Without a conscious thought, the
veteran was doing what comes naturally for a soldier.
Similarly, as believers in Christ, we should respond in a manner that
corresponds with our new life. Our behavior is to be more and more in
line with the example of Jesus' life. We still must deal with sinful
desires, so we need to discipline ourselves to be the kind of person God
wants us to be. Like a soldier or athlete in training (2 Timothy 2:3-5),
we need to practice repeatedly until doing what's right comes naturally.
Through faith in Christ we are children of the heavenly Father. By the
power of the indwelling Spirit, therefore, let us develop the habit of
submitting to God's Word. Then, in every situation of life we will
increasingly find that obeying Him is "doing what comes naturally." —
Richard De Haan (Our
Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by
permission. All rights reserved)
Lord, may our lips and lives express
The blessed gospel we profess;
So let our works and virtues shine
And speak of Him who is divine. —Anon.
When we walk with Christ,
we become more like Him.
Annie Johnson Flint's poem on grace
here for more of her poetry)
HE GIVETH MORE
by Annie Johnson Flint
He gives more grace
when the burdens grow greater.
He sends more strength when the labors increase,
To added affliction He addeth His mercy,
To multiplied trials, His multiplied peace.
When we have exhausted our store of endurance,
When our strength has failed 'ere the day is half done
When we reach the end of our hoarded resources
Our Father's full giving is only begun.
His love has no limit, His grace has no measure.
His power no boundary known unto men;
For out of His infinite riches in Jesus
He giveth and giveth and giveth again.
2 Timonty 2:2 And the things
which you have
from me in the
heterous didaxai. (AAN)
Amplified: And the
[instructions] which you have heard from me along with many witnesses,
transmit and entrust [as a deposit] to reliable and faithful men who
will be competent and qualified to teach others also.
Bible - Lockman)
Barclay: and entrust the things which you have heard from me,
and which are confirmed by many witnesses, to faithful men who will be
competent to teach others too. (Westminster
GWT: You’ve heard
my message, and it’s been confirmed by many witnesses. Entrust this
message to faithful individuals who will be competent to teach others.
KJV: And the things that thou hast heard of me among many witnesses, the
same commit thou to faithful men, who shall be able to teach others
NLT: You have heard me teach many things that have been confirmed by
many reliable witnesses. Teach these great truths to trustworthy
people who are able to pass them on to others. (NLT
- Tyndale House)
Everything that you have heard me preach in public you should in turn
entrust to reliable men, who will be able to pass it on to others. (Phillips:
Weymouth: All that you have been taught by
me in the hearing of many witnesses, you must hand on to trusty men
who shall themselves, in turn, be competent to instruct others also.
Wuest: and the things which
you heard from me personally in the presence of many witnesses, these
things commit as a trust to trustworthy men who are of such a
character as to be capable of teaching others also (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: and the things that thou
didst hear from me through many witnesses, these things be committing
to stedfast men, who shall be sufficient also others to teach
AND THE THINGS
WHICH YOU HAVE HEARD IN THE
PRESENCE OF MANY WITNESSES: kai a ekousas (2SAAI) par emou dia pollon marturon: (2Ti
1:13; 3:10,14 1Ti 4:14; 6:12, Php 4:9)
Related Resources -
Dawson Trotman Born to Reproduce (Pdf
format which includes a link to his audio message) - If there ever was a
man who epitomized the truth of 2 Timothy 2:2, it was Dawson Trotman,
the founder of the Navigators - a must read & listen!
Dawson Trotman - The Need of the
Dawson Trotman - The Big Dipper
How to Make Disciples 8 Part Series
by Gene Warr (Pdf and Audio)
Operation Multiplication 4 Part Series by Billie
Hanks, Jr. (Pdf and Audio)
The Art of Personal Witnessing 13
Part Series by Lorne Sanny (Pdf and Audio)
Master Plan of Evangelism 3 Part
Series by Robert Coleman (Pdf and Audio)
You have heard me teach many things that have been confirmed by many
reliable witnesses (NLT)
Everything that you have heard me preach in public (Phillips)
And the [instructions] which you have heard from me along with many
You and many others have heard what I have taught (ICB)
You’ve heard my message, and it’s been confirmed by many witnesses (GWT)
links naturally with Timothy's being empowered in grace, enabling him to
transmit the precious deposit of the things...heard
which in context refers to the Gospel. We cannot pass on
something which we don't possess. Timothy was to pass on the things
which Paul had poured into him.
fact that these things were heard in the presence of many witnesses
indicates that there were others who could testify to the truth,
trustworthiness and validity of the things Paul taught. They were not
private communications, restricted to an inner group.
There is herein a
noteworthy principle: One
of the tests of trustworthy doctrine is that the teacher is willing to
expound it publicly as well as privately. Note for example how most of
the cults refuse to do this but rather seek their converts through
(3144) (martus) describes those who have heard Paul's words and
are competent and willing to confirm his statements.
The point Paul is making is his
teaching was not a matter of private discourse, restricted to some
select inner group, but heard by many
(polus = much in number or quantity) who could testify to
the "soundness" of the doctrines he taught. The apostles had no private
esoteric doctrines privately communicated to their successors as was
true in many of the "secret cults" of that day and is a characteristic
of many of the cults today.
Presence of many witnesses
- Discipleship may occur in large groups, small groups, or one-on-one
encounters and in the use of this passage Paul emphasizes a group
setting. The question we must ask ourselves constantly is "Am I being
obedient to the Lord's command to make disciples?" (Mt 28:18 19 20). In
that famous passage often referred to as the "Great Commission" note the
"steps" - (1) Go (2) Make disciples (the only "step" which is an actual
command) - learners (3) Baptize - speaks of true believers where water
baptism reflects spiritual baptism (Ro 6:3) (4) Teach - Not to be
hearers but doers. How is this possible? He is with us, enabling us by
the indwelling Spirit of Christ (cp Acts 1:8, Ro 8:9), until the end of
this present age. The implication is that that first 4 steps are taken
with a continual, conscious awareness that we are not able to complete
the good works created for us to walk in unless we depend on, lean on,
abide in, yield to, surrender to, rely upon...Christ Jesus Who promises
to be with us to the end! (cp 2Co 3:5, 6).
The things...heard refers
back to "the good thing committed (entrusted)" (2 Ti 1:14, Young's
Literal), specifically the Gospel. Lenski aptly remarks, “The apostle
evidently did not expect the future teachers of the Church to produce
new or different teaching. The Gospel is changeless in all ages."
heard (akouo) which means to hear with attention and to hear
effectually as to perform or grant what is spoken. In short, this is not
a description of "in one ear and out the other!" The aorist tense
speaks of a past completed (effective) action and in context sums up as a historic
fact the many occasions when Timothy had heard Paul present the standard
of sound words
in the Gospel (2Ti 1:13-
e.g. see Acts 20:7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12) in the presence of other
Dwight Edwards writes that
This great verse contains three
major sections, each dealing with a different time period. We see the
prerequisite for discipleship, the process of discipleship,
and the product of discipleship. The prerequisite (past
event). "And the things that you have heard from me among many
witnesses..." We cannot pass on something which we don't possess.
Timothy was to pass on the things which Paul had poured into him. These
"things" are the approximate equivalent to "the standard of sound words"
of 2 Ti1:13 and "the good deposit" of 2 Ti1:14....The significant point is that
preparation always precedes presentation. Every man or woman God has
used significantly has undergone a period of intense spiritual
preparation. Moses, Elijah, John the Baptist, and Paul among many others
spent a significant amount of time being prepared by God before He sent
them forth into divine service. Thus we also must not neglect the time
of our spiritual training and preparation. It is only by allowing the
spirit of God to hone and sharpen us that our lives will have the keen
cutting edge which God can use in His skillful hand.
Timothy is to take what Paul has poured into his life and let it
overflow into the lives of others.
The Process (Present Event):
"commit these to faithful men..." Timothy is to take what Paul has
poured into his life and let it overflow into the lives of others...
The Product (future event) "
who will be able to teach others also." Here is the end product of the
process of discipleship. If
done properly, it will breed warriors for the faith who will go forth to
the battle for men's souls.
They themselves will be involved in equipping still other faithful
warriors for the conflict. And thus the process of spiritual
reproduction and multiplication is set in motion; a process
which has the potential to fulfill the first command ever given to man.
""Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it" (Ge 1:28)."
This process also is the key to fulfilling the last command given to man
before Christ's ascension, "Go, therefore, and make disciples of all the
nations" (Mt 28:18-20, Acts 1:8)" (Bolding and color added)
parathou (AMM) pistois anthropois:
(2Ti 1:14; 1Ti 1:18; 5:22) (Nu 12:7; 1Sa 2:35; Neh 7:2; Ps 101:6; Pr
13:17; Jer 23:28; Mt 24:25; Lk 12:42; 16:10, 11, 12; 1 Co 4:2; Col 1:7;
1Ti 1:12; Heb 2:17; 3:2,3; Rev 2:10, 11, 12, 13, 1Ti 6:20) (See
Torrey's Topic "Faithfulness")
Other translations - Teach these
great truths to trustworthy men
(TLB), entrust them
to reliable people (TEV), Teach
these great truths to trustworthy people
and entrust [as a deposit] to reliable and faithful men
things commit as a trust to trustworthy men
TO TRAIN OTHERS
Paul had instructed Timothy to "guard
what (had) been entrusted to"
or deposited with him for safe, faithful keeping and protection. In the
present verse Paul gives a practical example of how Timothy is to
protect the "deposit". Now he "should
in turn entrust to reliable men, who will be able to pass it on
(3908) (paratithemi from para = beside + tithemi = place)
in depth study of related noun
paratheke) literally means to place something beside,
to set alongside or place before someone. It was used in Greek meaning
to give someone something in trust and so to "deposit" with another.
It conveys the picture of a precious treasure being deposited as a trust
into the hands of other persons. Those to be entrusted with the message
must be “faithful” persons, reliable and trustworthy men “who will not
swerve aside because of fear or favor, who will not compromise with the
spirit of the age through which they are passing.”
Paratithemi is used 19 times in the NT (Mt
13:24, 31; Mk. 6:41; 8:6, 7; Lk. 9:16; 10:8; 11:6; 12:48; 23:46; Acts
14:23; 16:34; 17:3; 20:32; 1Co 10:27; 1Ti 1:18; 2Ti 2:2; 1Pe 4:19)
and is translated as: commend, 1; commended, 1; commit, 1; entrust, 3;
entrusted, 1; giving evidence, 1; presented, 2; serve, 1; served, 2; set
before, 5; set...before, 1)
There are 19 uses of
paratithemi in the Septuagint - Ge 18:8; 24:33; 30:38; 43:31,
32; Ex 19:7; 21:1; Lev. 6:4, 10; Deut. 4:44; 1Sa 9:24; 21:6; 28:22; 2Sa
12:20; 2Ki 5:24; 6:22, 23; 2Chr. 16:10; Ps. 31:5; Pr 23:1
As shown below the NT uses
paratithemi to describing setting of food before those who were
hungry. How apropos then that in the figurative use, paratithemi
refers to setting the "food" of God's Word before those who are hungry,
setting the table for them so to speak that they might partake of the
very bread of life!
The TDNT has the following
note regarding paratithemi writing that...
In the ancient Gk. and Jewish sphere,
as well as the ancient Roman, one finds the legal device whereby an
object can be entrusted to another’s keeping for a specific period.
This object was to be kept free, unused and undamaged until restoration.
The trustworthiness of the trustee was thus most important. But there
was, too, a stringent penalty for embezzlement, and the special wrath of
the gods was also invoked. The legal formulae soon came to be used in a
transferred sense, e.g., “to entrust someone to the care or
protection of someone,” Diod. S., 17, 23, 5; "to submit words as
entrusted goods" (Ed note: as here in 2 Timothy)...(In the Septuagint
paratithemi is used 42 times including use as...) "a term in commercial
law “to give money to someone for safekeeping,”...The responsibility of
the trustee for the money handed to him is regulated in
Exodus 22:7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13...
When the psalmist in Psalm 31:5 prays "into Thy hands I
commit [Lxx = paratithemi] my spirit", as one who is persecuted, though
innocent, he sets himself under the protection of the faithful God." (Ed
note: And of course our Lord Jesus quoted these very words from the
Cross as noted below)...(the Jewish Historian in using paratithemi...)
lays special emphasis on the honesty which, grounded on fear of God and
the conscience, must hold sway in trusts." The TDNT appropriately adds
that "All that man is and has he should regard as something entrusted
to him by God" (Kittel,
G., Friedrich, G., & Bromiley, G. W. Theological Dictionary of the New
Testament. Erdman) (Bolding added)
As illustrated by the following
passages, and as used in the present verse by Paul, paratithemi
meant to entrust or commit for safekeeping with the
implication that one was committing to another with confidence. It can
convey (as in our present passage) the idea of investing or charging
someone with a duty or responsibility. It can convey the idea of
putting something into the care or protection of someone. This is very
similar to use of paratithemi in classical Greek to describe anything
being deposited with a friend for the purpose of safekeeping.
When used with the idea of commit
(as by Jesus on the Cross) paratithemi conveys the may express
the general idea of delivering into another’s charge or the special
sense of transferring to a superior power or to a special place of
Paratithemi is sometimes
translated "commend" which mends to entrust for care or
preservation. The sense is to deposit what belongs to one into the
hands of another.
13:24) Jesus used paratithemi in the context of
teaching, Matthew recording that...
He presented another parable
to them, saying, "The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed, which a
man took and sowed in his field
6:41) Jesus uses paratithemi to describe setting the
table with food...
"And He took the five loaves and the
two fish, and looking up toward heaven, He blessed the food and broke
the loaves and He kept giving them to the disciples to set before
them; and He divided up the two fish among them all."
12:48) we see
paratithemi used with the idea of trusting something into one's
care, Luke recording...
but the one who did not know it, and
committed deeds worthy of a flogging, will receive but few. From
everyone who has been given much, much will be required; and to whom
they entrusted much, of him they will ask all the more.
In probably the most notable use
of paratithemi Luke (Luke
records Jesus' words from the cross...
And Jesus, crying out with a loud
voice, said, "Father, INTO YOUR HANDS COMMIT MY SPIRIT ." Having
said this, He breathed His last.
Paul in his last words to
the elders of the church at Ephesus (Acts
And now commend you to God
and to the word of His grace, which is able to build you up and to give
you the inheritance among all those who are sanctified.
Paul in this first epistle
to Timothy (1Timothy
This command entrust to you,
Timothy, my son, in accordance with the prophecies previously made
concerning you, that by them you fight the good fight,
Peter (see note
1 Peter 4:19) in a use that parallels that of our Lord's on the cross
wrote that those believers...
also who suffer according to the
will of God shall entrust their souls to a faithful Creator in
doing what is right.
In the secular Greco-Roman world,
was used as a banking
term meaning to deposit something valuable as a trust or for
protection. The point of this specific verb is that truth is not simply
to be given away but is to be carefully deposited, much like we might
make a monetary deposit in a promising investment.
Thus as we pass on the "baton" of
God's truth to the next "runner" we dare not fail to communicate the
sober responsibility that accompanies reception and transmittal of this
truth for the eternal truths of God's matchless Word are not on an equal
par with other interesting and valuable information. Thus we must never
forget or fail to communicate to others that the word of God is a "good
deposit" for which God will call us into account one day. And on that
day the burning question will not be "How much did you know?" But "How
fully do you obey what you knew?"
Paul is commanding Timothy even with a sense of urgency (aorist
imperative conveys urgency ~ do this and do it effectively!) to
deposit the "good deposit" (NIV; see note
2 Timothy 1:14) (Gk word
paratheke derived from the verb paratithemi) to trustworthy
(pistos - trustworthy, dependable, reliable, worthy of
placing one's confidence in) men. These
are not just any believer but were to be men who could be trusted, who
would pass the gospel "deposit" on to other men. These
were to be men Timothy could place his confidence in...men who would be
sure to follow through to the end even if it cost them their life.
They must prove themselves worthy of this eternal investment by their
faithfulness, the dividing line between mediocrity and excellence in
Christian living. Note that the requirement is not eloquence, charisma,
intellect, or natural talent even though these tend to attract men's
attention and praise. Instead Paul commanded Timothy to look for
faithful men, through whom there is no limit what God can do.
John Wesley said,
"If I had 300 men who feared nothing but God, hated nothing but sin, and
were determined to know nothing among men except Jesus Christ and Him
crucified; I would set the world on fire."
Paul used the same verb (paratithemi )
when he exhorted and admonished the Ephesian elders upon his departure,
~ "I deposit you") you to God
and to the word of His grace, which is able to build you up and
to give you the inheritance among all those who are sanctified."
"There is no
hint here, or anywhere else in the New Testament, of apostolic
succession. The apostle is arranging for the maintenance and the
perpetuation of the faith. Nor is there any intimation, in the charge
here given, of a communication of an official right to preach. Timothy
was not commissioned to consecrate men, or to impart authority to them,
he was to hand on the truth as he had received it." (Vine,
W. Collected writings of W. E. Vine. Nashville: Thomas Nelson
A pastor’s ministry is never to be
a “one-man show”. He must be continually raising up people in ministry
around him, and pushing ministry down to others who strengthened by
grace in Christ can perform "good works". Serving the Lord is not
an onerous burden but a gracious privilege that must be shared with
J Vernon McGee comments
sons of God (Mt 5:9-note,
Lk 20:36, Ro 8:14-note,
Ga 3:26) we ought to be concerned about our Father’s business.
The Lord Jesus in His humanity as a boy said (quoting from KJV
translation), “I must be about my Father’s business.” Well, I have
become a son of God—not like the Lord Jesus, but I’ve become a son of
God through faith in Christ. “But as many as received him, to them gave
he power [the authority] to become the sons of God, even to them that
[do no more nor less than] believe on his name” (John 1:12). Now that I
am a son of God I am interested in my Father’s business.
By the way, are
you interested in your Father’s business?
And the main business is
getting out the Word of God (cp Ps 40:9-note,
, Jonah 3:2, Lk 9:60, Ro 10:14, 15-note,
2Ti 4:3, 4-note,
2Ti 4:5-note). But we need to recognize that we need the
grace of God (Acts 14:26; 20:24; Ro 5:15-note;
1Co 3:10; 15:10; 2Co 1:12; Titus 2:11-note;
1Pe 5:12-note) to do the business of God—as well as in every facet of our
lives as His children."
As Jesus taught His disciples in Luke "Do business...until I come back."
(Lk 19:13) (McGee,
J V: Thru the Bible Commentary: Nashville: Thomas Nelson)
To faithful men -
What is their chief characteristic?
They can be trusted to retain the standard of sound words (2Ti 1:13-note)
and guard through the Holy Spirit Who indwells them the treasure that
has been entrusted to them (2Ti 1:14-note)
and secondly they are adequate, qualified and competent to teach
("pass the baton" to) other trustworthy men (in essence this is the
fulfillment of Jesus' great charge to go and make disciples or
learners - not just "smarter sinners" but "learners who obey" [see esp
v20 that follows] - Mt 28:18, 19, 20, cp Paul's example in 2Ti 3:10, 11-note,
E. K. Simpson writes that...
The torch of heavenly light must be
transmitted unquenched from one generation to another, and Timothy must
count himself an intermediary between apostolic and later ages.
[word study] = to persuade -
induce one by words to believe, have confidence) is something or someone
who is worthy of faith or keeps promises and is applied to God, humans,
His Word, etc. As used by Paul, pistos is speaking of men
who will prove themselves reliable, worthy of trust and dependable in
fulfilling the ministry that has been entrusted to them (see Col 4:17-note).
As explained below these are men who live up to the acronym
F.A.T., Faithful, Available
Pistos - 67 uses in NT - Mt.
24:45; 25:21, 23; Lk 12:42; 16:10, 11, 12; 19:17; Jn 20:27; Ac 10:45;
13:34; 16:1, 15; 1Co 1:9; 4:2, 17; 7:25; 10:13; 2Co 1:18; 6:15; Ga 3:9;
Ep 1:1; 6:21; Col 1:2, 7; 4:7, 9; 1Th 5:24; 2Th 3:3; 1Ti 1:12, 15; 3:1,
11; 4:3, 9, 10, 12; 5:16; 6:2; 2Ti 2:2, 11, 13; Titus 1:6, 9; 3:8; He
2:17; 3:2, 5; 10:23; 11:11; 1Pe 1:21; 4:19; 5:12; 1Jn 1:9; 3 Jn. 1:5; Re
1:5; 2:10, 13; 3:14; 17:14; 19:11; 21:5; 22:6
Vincent gives a nice
summary of the meaning of pistos, faithful, writing that it is
(1), of one who shows Himself
faithful in the discharge of a duty or the administration of a trust (Mt
24:45). Hence, trustworthy (2Ti 2:2). Of things that can be relied upon (2Ti
(2), Confiding; trusting; a believer (Gal 3:9; Acts 16:1; 2Co 6:15; 1Ti 5:16) (Word
Studies in the New Testament)
Webster says that "Faithful"
means firm in adherence to whatever one owes allegiance and implies
unswerving adherence to a person (in our case the Captain of the hosts,
our Lord Jesus Christ) or to the promise by which a tie was contracted
(cp the truths inherent in the Biblical doctrine of
Covenant = Solemn and Binding,
A Walk Into Death,
Oneness of Covenant)
Timothy was a trustworthy man according to Paul who
of his proven
worth that he served with me in the furtherance of the gospel like a
child serving his father. (Php 2:22-note)
See Sammy Tippit's
exhortation to make disciples -
Discipleship - The Wineskin For Awakening
his book Fire In Your Heart - highly
recommended - online here).
Here is a brief excerpt from his charge...
(Speaking of his days in
Hahn Baptist Church in West Germany) I saw not only lasting fruit, but
also multiplying fruit. Most of those men and women are not only growing
in Christ, but they are also serving the Lord as lay people and
vocational ministers in many congregations. The greatest joy of my
ministry has been to watch those people become spiritual multipliers.
The last and great commission Jesus gave His followers before ascending
to the Father was to make disciples (Mt 28:18 19 20). The objective of
the church was not to build an organization, but to build an
organism made up of people who had decided to follow Jesus and learn
of Him. The objective became "people," to win people and grow
them in Christ so that they could in turn win others. Every man
and woman was to become a soul winner and a disciple maker.
church doing less than that
has ceased to fulfill Christ's objective for His church.
If a bakery does not
produce baked goods, there is something radically wrong with it. By the
same token, there is something radically wrong with the church that is
not winning people to Christ and helping them grow spiritually. The
church must enable every member of its congregation to win souls and
make disciples. God never intended for the pastor to win all the souls
and teach all the classes. Revival will produce a well-mobilized laity
for God's glory. (Full
The Value of One - When Harvey
Penick died at the age of 90, the world of golf lost one of its greatest
teachers. Although his books have sold millions of copies, he was
remembered most for his direct impact on people.
An Associated Press story stated, "Penick refused to teach methods or
group lessons, instead applying his wisdom to the talents of individual
players." Tom Kite, the leading money winner in PGA Tour history, was 13
when he began working with Penick. Ben Crenshaw began learning the game
from Penick at the age of 6.
Penick, who could have spent his life speaking to crowds, chose to
invest himself in people--many of them children--one at a time.
The apostle Paul modeled this kind of unselfish mentoring relationship
with a young man named Timothy. Then he urged Timothy to do the same
with others. He wrote, "The things that you have heard from me . . .
commit these to faithful men who will be able to teach others" (2Ti
Face to face--person to person--one to one. This is the most effective
way of teaching. It goes beyond the telling of facts to communicating
genuine interest and love.
Why not begin today to invest yourself in someone who needs a spiritual
teacher, mentor, and friend? — David C. McCasland
Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by
permission. All rights reserved)
To help another person grow,
You have to pay a price;
It takes the giving of yourself--
And that means sacrifice. --DJD
One who follows Christ
is to lead the way for another.
Never Underestimate the Power of
Passing on the Word of God to Trustworthy Men
- Noted Bible teacher E. Schuyler English told of Michael Billester, a
Bible distributor who visited a small hamlet in Poland shortly before
World War II. Billester gave a Bible to a villager, who was converted by
reading it. The new believer then passed the Book on to others. The
cycle of conversions and sharing continued until 200 people had become
believers through that one Bible. When Billester returned in 1940, this
group of Christians met together for a worship service in which he was
to preach the Word. He normally asked for testimonies, but this time he
suggested that several in the audience recite verses of Scripture. One
man stood and said, "Perhaps we have misunderstood. Did you mean verses
or chapters?" These villagers had not memorized a few select verses of
the Bible but whole chapters and books. Thirteen people knew Matthew,
Luke, and half of Genesis. Another person had committed to memory the
Psalms. That single copy of the Bible given by Billester had done its
work. Transformed lives
bore witness to the power of the Word.
WHO WILL BE
ABLE TO TEACH OTHERS ALSO: hoitines hikanoi esontai (3PFMI) didaxai (AAN) kai heterous: (2Ti
2:24;25 Ezra 7:10; 25 Mal 2:7; Mt 13:52; 1Ti 3:2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9;
4:6; Titus 1:5, 6, 7, 8, 9)
Paul Bucknell's convicting
2Timothy 2:2 - The Plan of Discipleship
- a pithy practical paper
Other Translations =
who will, in turn, pass them on to others (TLB),
who will have the ability to teach others as well (NAB),
who will be competent to teach others as well (NET),
who will be competent and qualified to teach others also (AMP),
these things commit as a trust to trustworthy men who are of such a
character as to be capable of teaching others also (Wuest),
faithful individuals who will be competent to teach others (GWT)
The OT Scribe Ezra is a
beautiful example of a trustworthy man who fulfills the ministry granted
to him and teaches others also, Scripture recording ...
For (see end of Ezra 7:9 for the
effect that this verse explains) Ezra had set his heart to study the law
of the LORD, and to practice it, and to teach His statutes and
ordinances in Israel. (Ezra 7:10-see
in depth exposition of this passage)
(hikanos from the root hik- = “to reach [with the hand],”
“to attain”, `reaching to', `attaining to'; hence, `adequate') refers to that which reaches or arrives at a
certain standard and in context refers to men who meet the standard and
are fit, qualified and able to "teach"
The primary meaning of hikanos
is sufficient, and hence comes to be applied to number and quantity and
so means many or enough.
In reference to time hikanos
Hikanos means worthy
or sufficient for an honor, a place or a position.
Untrained, unqualified believers
are not be placed in teaching positions, which so often happens in
churches today. In a frantic rush to increase our numbers, we often fill
empty teaching slots with men who lack adequate training. In our pursuit
for quantity we sacrifice quality and the church languishes in
Hikanos - 41x in
NAS - Mt 3:11; 8:8; 28:12; Mk. 1:7; 10:46; 15:15; Lk. 3:16; 7:6,
12; 8:27, 32; 20:9; 22:38; 23:8, 9; Acts 8:11; 9:23, 43; 11:24, 26;
12:12; 14:3, 21; 17:9; 18:18; 19:19, 26; 20:8, 11, 37; 22:6; 27:7, 9;
1Co. 11:30; 15:9; 2Co. 2:6, 16; 3:5; 2Ti 2:2. NAS translates: able, 1; adequate, 2; aloud, 1; considerable, 4;
enough, 1; fit, 4; good many, 1; large, 1; large sum, 1; length, 1;
long, 5; long while, 1; many, 9; number, 1; pledge, 1; satisfy, 1;
sizeable, 1; some, 1; sufficient, 1; very bright, 1; worthy, 2
Hikanos has been variously
used from the time of the Greek tragic dramatists in the basic sense of
adequate (sufficient for a specific requirement), sufficient
(enough to meet the needs of a situation or a proposed end), enough
(in or to a degree or quantity that satisfies or that is sufficient or
necessary for satisfaction), qualified (fitted as by training or
experience for a given purpose), competent (having the capacity
to function or develop in a particular way) to do a thing or large
enough. As illustrated in selections below, the NT usage corresponds to
these secular uses.
Hikanos - 27x in
- Ge. 30:15; 33:15; Exod. 4:10; 12:4; 36:7; Lev. 5:7; 12:8; 25:26, 28; Ruth 1:20, 21; 1Ki
16:31; 2Ki. 4:8; 2Chr 30:3; Job 21:15; 31:2; 40:2; Prov. 25:16;
30:15; Is 40:16; Jer. 48:30; Ezek. 34:18; Joel 2:11; Obad. 1:5; Nah.
2:12; Hab. 2:13; Zech. 7:3. Note that some Septuagint uses have nuances of meaning not
found in the NT uses. For example in Ruth the Septuagint translators selected
hikanos to translate God's Name, the Almighty
- see study)...
And she said to them, "Do not call
me Naomi; call me Mara, for the Almighty has dealt very bitterly with
me. I went out full, but the LORD has brought me back empty. Why do you
call me Naomi, since the LORD has witnessed against me and the
Almighty (Lxx = hikanos with definite article = "the Adequate One")
has afflicted me?" (hikanos
meaning sizeable, considerable, competent, ample, adequate, enough,
large enough or sufficient. Take those meanings and plug them into the
Name of God. Naomi is saying my God is "the Sufficient (One)", "the
(One Who is large) Enough", "the Adequate One", etc.
It is as if by using
Shaddai (seldom used
outside of Genesis and Job), Naomi is expressing trust in Him even in
the midst of her pain. Would it be that we could all see God as ample,
adequate, competent, large enough, sufficient, etc when we are
experiencing adversity. Open our eyes LORD to see Thee as Who Thou truly
art -- "Large Enough" for any and every trial and affliction we will
notes Ruth 1:20-21)
In Exodus we see the
Israelites had to be restrained from bringing materials for the building
of the Tabernacle...
For the material they had was
sufficient (Hebrew = day = sufficiency; Lxx = hikanos) and
more than enough for all the work, to perform it. (Exodus 36:7)
John the Baptist declared in (Mt
He who is coming after me is
mightier than I, and am not fit to remove His sandals; He will
baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire.
In a similar statement (Mt 8:8) the centurion told Jesus...
Lord, I am not worthy for You
to come under my roof, but just say the word, and my servant will be
Mark (Mark 15:5) uses hikanos to describe Pilate's acquiescence
to the wishes of the Jews writing...
Wishing to satisfy (to
content) the crowd,
Pilate released Barabbas for them, and after having Jesus scourged, he
handed Him over to be crucified.
Luke uses hikanos far more
than any other writer in Scripture, most often conveying a
Now as He approached the gate of the
city, a dead man was being carried out, the only son of his mother, and
she was a widow; and a sizeable crowd from the city was with her.
And He began to tell the people this
parable: "A man planted a vineyard and rented it out to vine-growers,
and went on a journey for a long time." (Lk 20:9)
They said, "Lord, look, here are two
swords ." And He said to them, "It is enough." (Lk
for he was a good man, and full of
the Holy Spirit and of faith. And considerable numbers were
brought to the Lord." (Acts 11:24)
Hikanos can refer to a
pledge (something given as security for the performance of an act;
a binding promise or agreement to do), Luke recording...
And when they had received a
pledge (hikanos) from Jason and the others, they released them." (Acts
Vincent comments that Hikanos here means: "Bail,
either personal or by a deposit of money. A law term. They engaged that
the public peace should not be violated, and that the authors of the
disturbance should leave the city." )
A T Robertson adds: "receive
a pledge" was "A Greek idiom = Latin satis accipere, to receive the
sufficient (bond), usually money for the fulfillment of the
Writing to the Corinthians (2Cor
3:5-note) Paul declares...
Not that we are adequate
(sufficient - No one in his own strength is adequate or competent to
serve God in the ways and with the power that Paul has been describing) in
ourselves to consider anything as coming from ourselves, but our
adequacy (related noun hikanotes - only God can make a
person adequate to do his work, and Paul realized that it...) is from God,
from dáo= know or teach; English = didactic; see study of related
didaskalia and the adjective
for study of related word
means to provide instruction or information in a formal or informal
setting. Didasko does not mean simply the
impartation of facts, but instruction given in such a way so as to shape
the will of those being taught, the "molding" being the
product of the content taught. Here we see the picture of "sound
doctrine" being perpetuated through a successful teaching ministry which
exercises care to "retain the standard" of the apostolic
principles of faith and practice.
In this verse Paul gives the
formula for spiritual multiplication: Paul was the first generation,
Timothy the second, faithful men the third and others the fourth.
Someone has said we should be looking for those men (and women) who are
or Faithful, Available
and invest ourselves heavily in their lives. Then they will be fit,
adequate and qualified to teach others also.
In 1835 the visiting Frenchman Alexis
de Tocqueville gave a penetrating analysis of the greatness of America.
I sought for the greatness and genius of America in her
commodious harbors and her ample rivers — and it was not there. I sought
in the fertile fields and boundless forest — in her rich mines and vast
world commerce — and it was not there. I sought for the greatness and
genius of America in her democratic Congress and her matchless
Constitution — it was not there. Not until I went into the churches of
America and heard her pulpits flame with righteousness
did I understand the secret of her genius and power. America is great
because America is good — and if America ever ceases to be good, America
will cease to be great. (Bolding added)
If America is weak spiritually, it
is because the pulpits are "weak" doctrinally. And if the pulpits are
weak, it is because its leaders have not been faithful
men and they have failed
to instruct by mouth with the intent to pass on the passion and purity
of doctrine of Paul and Timothy to the next generation.
Conversely, if the
church in America is to be strong (and parenthetically to experience
Spirit driven, Word centered revival it so desperately needs), its leaders must
"be strong in the
grace that is in Christ Jesus",
imbued with His power (Acts 1:8), allowing "the word of Christ" to
"richly dwell within" so that they would be "with all wisdom teaching
and admonishing one another" (Colossians 3:16-note).
Leaders can become strong only if they are
carefully built up in "the Word of
as noted above (Acts 20:32). This was the principle and practice predicted in
Ps 145:4 (Spurgeon's
One generation shall praise Thy
works to another, and shall declare Thy mighty acts.
who founded the
Navigators was a "faithful man" whom God used mightily to equip other
faithful men who would teach others. Preaching at Trotman's funeral
Billy Graham said
I think Dawson Trotman has personally
touched more lives [for Christ's sake] than anybody that I have ever
Born to Reproduce to read Trotman's
William Barclay observes that
The teacher is a link in the living chain which stretches unbroken from
this present moment back to Jesus Christ. The glory of teaching is that
it links the present with the earthly life of Jesus Christ
This is the way to pass on the torch of the light of the
knowledge of God in Christ. Paul taught Timothy who will teach others
who will teach still others, an endless chain.
A dramatic example of the power of the principle of multiplication of
began (as far as we have record) with a Sunday School teacher named Mr.
Kimball, who in 1858 was burdened to lead a Boston shoe
clerk named D. L. Moody to new life in Christ.
Dwight L. Moody became a
faithful evangelist and while in England in 1879
God used his message of sound doctrine to awaken an evangelistic zeal in the heart of F.
B. Meyer, pastor of a small church, who later visited American
and while preaching on a college campus was used by the Spirit to bring
a student named J. Wilbur Chapman to saving knowledge of Christ.
Chapman, engaged in YMCA work employed a former baseball player, Billy
Sunday, to do evangelistic work and while leading a revival in Charlotte, N. C.
so stirred the hearts of a group of local (faithful) men that they
prayed and planned another evangelistic
campaign which came to fruition when God brought Mordecai Hamm to preach. During
this revival, a young man named Billy Graham heard the
Gospel and yielded his life to Christ.
It may be that you dear reader are one of the tens of thousands who has been led to
Christ through the ministry of Billy Graham. Only eternity will reveal the
tremendous impact of that one trustworthy Sunday School Teacher who invested his
life in the lives of others. O, that God might grant America more "Mr.
men who will be able to teach others also"!
Like seed, God's
Word must be continually planted in the hearts of faithful followers of
Christ, who in turn will pass it on to others. As they do, the process
of sowing and reaping will continue until the Lord of the harvest
returns. Someone has taught you the truths of the gospel and helped you
to understand the teachings of the Bible. Are you planting seeds for the
next harvest? We are to be channels of God's truth, not reservoirs.
teach me, Lord, that I may teach
The precious things Thou dost impart;
And wing my words, that they may reach
The hidden depths of many a heart.
The Next Planting - When I was a child, it was a family
custom to look for the first ripe tomato in our garden. Somehow that
first red tomato (often allowed to finish ripening on the kitchen window
sill) always seemed to taste the best.
As the summer wore on, my mother found a variety of ways to serve the
tomatoes that followed: stewed, sliced for sandwiches, and even breaded
fried green tomatoes. Many quarts were canned for winter use in
spaghetti and goulash.
One thing was never neglected: Dad always saved some of the seeds from
his prized tomato plants for the next year's planting. Thus a harvest
was assured, year after year.
I think Paul had that principle in mind when he told Timothy to commit
the truths of the gospel to faithful believers who would be able to
"teach others also" (2Ti 2:2). Like seed, God's Word must be
continually planted in the hearts of faithful followers of Christ, who
in turn will pass it on to others. As they do, the process of sowing and
reaping will continue until the Lord of the harvest returns.
Someone has taught you the truths of the gospel and helped you to
understand the teachings of the Bible. Are you planting seeds for the
next harvest? --D C Egner (Our
Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by
permission. All rights reserved)
O teach me, Lord, that I may teach
The precious things Thou dost impart;
And wing my words, that they may reach
The hidden depths of many a heart. --Havergal
We are to be channels of God's truth,
He Did It - At the memorial
service for LeRoy Eims, longtime staff member with The Navigators, I
pondered why hundreds of colleagues and friends had come from across the
US to pay tribute. Why did so many people love him so deeply?
As a young Christian, LeRoy had been challenged to disciple others
one-on-one. He took seriously Paul’s charge to Timothy: “The things that
you have heard from me among many witnesses, commit these to faithful
men who will be able to teach others also” (2Ti 2:2). LeRoy embraced
that clear, simple command of Scripture and practiced it faithfully for
more than 50 years.
Scores of people who packed the church that afternoon had lived in LeRoy
and Virginia Eims’ home. They had been embraced, encouraged, and
instructed by him. As his spiritual children, they had multiplied his
ministry by investing themselves in others, just as he had in them.
One sentence in a written tribute captured the essence of the man: “His
life was characterized by singleness of purpose, great creativity and a
wonderful sense of humor.”
LeRoy’s example spurs us on to a lifetime of faithfully following the
Lord. He did it! And by God’s grace, so can we. — David C. McCasland (Our
Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by
permission. All rights reserved)
It is in loving—not
in being loved—
The heart is blessed;
It is in giving—not in seeking gifts—
We find our quest. —Anon.
You can teach more with your life than with your lips.
An Unbroken Chain -
Whenever I meet a Christian for the first time, I'm interested in
learning how he came to trust Jesus as his Savior. Each person has a
different story to tell, but they all testify that they learned the
truth because of the efforts of others—their parents, pastors, Sunday
school teachers, Bible club leaders, friends, writers. Someone has
rightly observed that the body of Christ grows through "an unbroken
chain of teachers."
In today's Scripture we learn that Timothy became a believer through the
influence of his grandmother Lois, his mother Eunice, and the teaching
of Paul (2 Timothy 1:5; 2:2). The apostle told Timothy to become part of
that chain and "commit these truths to faithful men who will be able to
teach others also" (v.2).
The "faithful men" Paul had in mind were probably church elders, yet he
was expressing a principle that applies to every believer. We had to
receive the truth from someone; now it is our gracious privilege and
solemn duty to transmit that truth to others.
Think of yourself as a link in the living chain that extends from the
time Jesus lived on earth to the present. We must keep that chain strong
by telling others about Him so that the gospel will reach to future
generations.— Herbert Vander Lugt (Our
Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by
permission. All rights reserved)
Give me a passion for souls, dear
A passion to save the lost;
O that Thy love were by all adored,
And welcomed at any cost. —Tovey
The good news is meant to be shared.
Becoming A Mentor-
According to Homer's Odyssey, when King Odysseus went off to fight in
the Trojan war, he left his son Telemachus in the hands of a wise old
man named Mentor. Mentor was charged with the task of teaching the young
More than 2,000 years after Homer, a French scholar and theologian by
the name of François Fénelon adapted the story of Telemachus in a novel
titled Télémaque. In it he enlarged the character of Mentor. The word
mentor soon came to mean "a wise and responsible tutor"—an experienced
person who advises, guides, teaches, inspires, challenges, corrects, and
serves as a model.
Second Timothy 2:2 describes spiritual mentoring, and the Bible gives us
many examples. Timothy had Paul; Mark had Barnabas; Joshua had Moses;
Elisha had Elijah.
But what about today? Who will love and work with new Christians and
help them grow spiritually strong? Who will encourage, guide, and model
the truth for them? Who will call young believers to accountability and
work with God to help mold their character?
Will you become one whom God can use to impart wisdom and to help others
grow toward maturity? — David H. Roper (Our
Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by
permission. All rights reserved)
THINKING IT OVER
Who has helped you to grow in your faith?
How did that person help you?
By teaching, example, or friendship?
To whom can you be a mentor?
God teaches us so that we can teach others.
Pupil Or Teacher? - A
college student was having difficulty with his studies, so he finally
decided to talk to his professor. He complained, "I'm studying hard. I'm
doing my best, but I just can't retain what I read or try to memorize.
Do you think it would help if I hired a tutor?"
Clearly understanding the young man's problem, the instructor replied,
"No, I wouldn't recommend that at all. You don't need a teacher, you
need a pupil!" He knew that learning is enhanced when we share our
knowledge with others.
This professor's advice reminds me of believers who know many Bible
facts but still have a poor understanding of scriptural truths. They
attend church every Sunday, listen faithfully to religious broadcasts,
enroll in Bible correspondence courses, and study the Scriptures
personally; yet they seem to lack a working knowledge of the Bible.
What's the problem? They never do anything with the information! They
don't need to be taught more; they need to tell others what they have
learned. As they put it into practice, they will fully grasp it.
Do you discuss the truths of God's Word with others? If not, it's time
you stopped being just a pupil and started being a teacher. — Richard De
Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by
permission. All rights reserved)
Until you tell
someone what you have learned,
Your study may not stand the test;
But when the Spirit's truth you have discerned,
By teaching it you'll know it best. --Hess
A good way to learn God's truth is to teach it to others.
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