of the Believer
of the Believer
Us in Christ
The World Should See
Christ in Us
of the Believer
of the Believer
Resources (Riches) in Christ
in the light of your
Resources (Riches) in Christ
of the Christian
of the Christian
Who You Are
Whose You Are
of the Believer
of the Believer
THEREFORE I, THE PRISONER OF THE
LORD, IMPLORE YOU: Parakalo (1SPAI) oun humas ego o desmios en
kurio: (Eph 3:1) (Jeremiah 38:20; Romans 12:1; 1Corinthians
4:16; 2Corinthians 5:20; 6:1; 10:1; Galatians 4:12; Philemon 1:9,10;
1Peter 2:11; 2John 1:5)
term of conclusion. In context, Paul is saying that you
Gentiles have been blessed with every spiritual blessing. You were once
spiritually dead in your sins but are now alive in Christ. You once were
far off from Christ, country (citizenship), covenants of promise, hope
and God, but now you have been brought near by the blood of Christ, Who
is your peace and Who has broken down the enmity between you and the
Jews, making you both into one body or one new man, both now being
reconciled to God because Christ put to death the enmity on the Cross.
Furthermore you are no longer strangers and aliens, but are in the
family of God, are a building of God, a holy Temple of God and a
dwelling of God. Not to mention that you are fellow heirs, fellow
members of the body and fellow partakers of the promise. And besides all
these spiritual blessings, I have prayed for you to be enlightened to
these truths and to be empowered by the Spirit. So you have the truth
and you have the power. Now walk worthy of this high calling in
- I beseech you therefore -
Seeing that this is your calling: an inference from the former part of
the Epistle, as in Ro 12:1, but here perhaps also a resumption of "For
this cause" but here perhaps also a resumption of "for this cause" Ep
3:1, 14, and thus carried back to the contents of Ep 1:2.), (The
New Testament for English Readers)
marks the transition from positional to practical truth, from principle
to practice. Right practice must always be based on right principle. It
is impossible to have a Christian life–style without knowing the
realities of the life that Christ has provided.
Someone has said
that at this juncture Paul turns from from the credenda of the things to
be believed to the agenda of the things to be done.
precedes behavior. (See the preceding chart) The Christian life is not based on ignorance but
knowledge, and the better we understand Bible doctrine, the easier it is
to obey Bible duties. When people say, “Don’t talk to me about
doctrine—just let me live my Christian life!” they are revealing their
ignorance of the way the Holy Spirit works in the life of the believer. We must
rightly if we are to act appropriately. On the other hand
if we think wrongly, our actions will end up being wrong no matter how
sincere (or how right we think) our wrong thinking!
- In chapter one we studied the most
wonderful story ever heard . . . the story of how GOD provided
redemption in CHRIST. In chapter two we learned that believers are a
living organism . . . the church is made up of born again persons,
members of the most wonderful body ever known. In chapter three we
learned further that we are the building of GOD . . . yea, we are the
temple of The HOLY SPIRIT. All believers are built together into one
holy temple, the habitation of GOD. In our present chapter, Paul begins
to outline the walk and the service of the believer. (The
Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Ephesians)
Martyn Lloyd-Jones writes
The first section, consisting of the
first three chapters, has been entirely doctrinal. The Apostle has been
unfolding and displaying in his own marvelous manner the great essential
doctrines of the Christian faith, everything that is central and vital
to an understanding of the way of salvation. There is no greater display
of the doctrines of the Christian faith than that found in the first
three chapters of this Epistle. But having done that, the Apostle now
moves on to the practical application of his doctrine; he goes on to
show how it is related to daily life and living. So we are really at a
most important point in this Epistle, a point that marks a very real
The Apostle Paul, when he used the
word ‘therefore’, makes the connection between faith and practice quite
clear. He has laid down the doctrine; it has now got to be applied....
Here, then, in chapter 4, the Apostle
proceeds to make a great appeal to the Ephesian believers to put into
operation the things he has been teaching them. He reminds them of the
things that inevitably follow as a natural consequence from an
understanding of the great doctrines of the Christian faith....
There is always the danger—and it
affects some people more than others—of forgetting that Christianity is,
after all, a way of life and a way of living. Of course there are
certain people who emphasize that alone, and who know nothing about
doctrine and are not interested in doctrine. Such people regard
Christianity as a system of morality or of ethics. But I am dealing,
rather, with people who are evangelically minded, and whose danger is to
stop at doctrine only....
If we really do know these
things, then more is expected of us. From the man who has, much is
expected; to whom much has been given, much is also expected. So if we
really have been grasping the great doctrines of the first three
chapters of this Epistle let us remember this word therefore. We are not
to call a halt; we are to go on to the practical life and living, to the
ordinary day-to-day application of basic Christian doctrine. It is a
glorious experience to be on top of that mountain; but we must go down
to the valleys, to all the problems of daily life and living. Around us
is this godless world which cannot know about Christ unless you and I
tell them about Christ, either by preaching or by mixing with them in
our work and employment and the ordinary avocations in life. We must
show what we know, and what we have, and above all show Him in whom we
Doctrine must always come first; and
we must never reverse this order. It is, I repeat, the invariable
practice in the New Testament itself to speak of doctrine before the
application of doctrine. We must not act until we are clear about our
doctrine. This is, beyond all question, the most vital principle of all
in connection with the New Testament doctrine of sanctification. So we
are entitled to say that this word therefore introduces us
to the doctrine of sanctification. The first three chapters of
our Epistle with all their astonishing teaching have not considered the
doctrine of sanctification as such...The doctrine of the sealing
of the Spirit, and the experience of it, is not sanctification. To know
the love of Christ is not sanctification. To be filled with all the
fulness of God is not sanctification. What then is the relationship
between these things? It is that those are things that promote
sanctification, that encourage sanctification, and give us motives for
sanctification; but they are not sanctification itself....It
(Sanctification) is the outworking, the outliving, by the power that God
gives us and that is already in us, of the doctrine we have believed and
the experiences we have enjoyed from His gracious hands (Ed: cp
Jesus' prayer for us in Jn 17:17 which shows us the "modus operandi",
the role of Truth, the Word, in growing us in Christ-likeness! Are you
daily in the Word of Truth? If not, you are short cutting your
sanctification process. It's that simple! In the Word-Grow. Not in the
Word-No Growth!). (Christian Unity Studies in Ephesians)
G Campbell Morgan in his book The True
Estimate of Life and How to Live has an entire chapter (VII) on
Redeeming the Time writing that...
have carefully read the epistles of Paul without having noticed how he
never forgets the relation that exists between doctrine and duty. He
perpetually lays down for us great principles of life, and unfolds before
us the great truths of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. But he never does so in
order that men and women may possess the knowledge as theorists merely—he
always does it in order that he may lead on to a practical application of
the truth he declares. The apostle never forgets that the wonderful
sanctifying force is the force of truth. Take his epistles and look
through them, and you will find invariably that there is a statement of
some great doctrine, and then you come to the point in the epistle where
he uses his favorite word “Wherefore,” and from that point he begins to
apply his doctrine to the details of daily life.
to the Ephesians may well be spoken of as the epistle of vocation. In it
the apostle unfolds the truth concerning vocation, and then endeavors to
set their eyes upon God’s ultimate purpose for them, and when he has done
so through the first and second and third chapters, you find that the
fourth chapter opens thus:
the prisoner of the Lord,
beseech you to walk worthily of the calling.”
is declared in the opening part of the epistle. The effect that the
holding of the truth of that vocation would have upon daily life is
declared in the after part of the epistle. He begins by taking us to the
heights of vision; then he brings us to the every-day level of life, and
shows us how the vision, unfolded before us, should affect us, as fathers,
and children, and masters, and servants.
A charge has
been made against certain ministers during recent years that their
preaching has been “other-worldly.” I am not perfectly sure that we have
not been too much afraid of that taunt. The moment the Church of Jesus
Christ ceases to be “other-worldly” she loses her power to affect this
world. It is only in proportion as we have a true view of the heavenly
calling that we are able to touch the earth upon which we live, as men and
women of power. It is only as we realise that everything that transpires
to us in the little while between our conversion and the coming of Jesus
Christ, all the service rendered and all the lessons learned, is to
prepare us for the higher service that lies beyond, that we shall ever be
able to render service at its fullest and best upon this earth. (Ephesians
5:16 Redeeming the Time from True Estimate of Life)
= How God sees us in Christ
Ephesians 4-6 = How the world should see Christ in us
puts it this way...
Ephesians I-III has given us a
revelation of our wealth in Christ. Wealth is never to be hoarded, but
rather kept in circulation, that it may minister to the needs of all.
The wealth of the Christian should be manifest in his walk. This
revelation of divine truth becomes fruitful only as it is transmuted
into life. Revelation must eventuate into realization; illumination into
One of the brightest converts of a
Gospel Mission had become a backslider. In an interview with him, he
thought he would gladden my heart by telling me that he believed
everything in the Bible from Genesis through Revelation. The only reply
that seemed applicable was, "If you believe it, then why do you not live
it?" When a friend was speaking to the prisoners in Sing Sing prison,
one prisoner said to her very boastfully, "I would have you know that I
did not come in here as these other fellows did. I came in here a
Christian." My friend quietly replied, "I am very sorry that being a
Christian did not keep you out of here." The more we know the truth and
believe it, the greater is our responsibility to live it. Head knowledge
must become heart experience. Consistency in his daily walk should be
the vital concern of the Christian.
Ephesians I-III tells us how God sees
us in Christ in the heavenlies; IV-VI, how men should see Christ in us
on earth. They unfold with crystal clearness the sevenfold walk of the
Christian which is the divine standard for every Christian's life. (The
Wealth Walk and Warfare of the Christian. Page 85. Revell Publishing)
observes that "All of Paul’s letters contain a
beautiful balance between doctrine and duty, and Ephesians is the
perfect example. The first three chapters deal with doctrine, our riches
in Christ, while the last three chapters explain duty, our
responsibilities in Christ. The key word in this last half of the book
is walk (Eph 4:1, 17; 5:2, 8, 15), while the key idea in the first half
is wealth. In these last three chapters, Paul admonishes us to walk in
unity (Eph. 4:1-6), purity (Eph 4:17-5:17), harmony (Eph. 5:18–6:9), and
victory (Eph 6:10-24). These four “walks” perfectly parallel the
basic doctrines Paul has taught us in the first three chapters. (Wiersbe,
W: Bible Exposition Commentary. 1989. Victor)
John Eadie introduces the last
3 chapters noting that...
THE practical portion of the Epistle
now commences...But doctrine has been expounded ere duty
is enforced. Instructions as to change of spiritual relation
precede exhortations as to change of life.
It is in vain to tell the dead man
to rise and walk,
till the principle of animation be restored.
One must be a child of God before he
can be a servant of God. Pardon and purity, faith and holiness, are
indissolubly united. Ethics therefore follow theology. And
now the apostle first proceeds to enjoin the possession of such graces
as promote and sustain the unity of the church, the members of which are
“rooted and grounded in love” (Ep 3:17-note)—a
unity which, as he is anxious to show, is quite compatible with variety
of gift, office, and station. Then he dwells on the nature, design, and
results of the ministerial functions belonging to the church, points out
its special and divine organization, and goes on to the reprobation of
certain vices, and the inculcation of opposite graces....
The retrospective oun (therefore)
refers us to the preceding paragraph—Christian privilege or calling
being so rich and full, and his prayer for them being so fervent and
walk the talk, beloved Gentiles! Below is the same idea in summary
BY BLOOD OF CHRIST (CROSS)
Dead in trespasses and sins
The world, the flesh, the devil
Alive with Christ
Raised with Christ
Seated with Christ
Separated from Christ
One new man
Reconciled to each other
Reconciled to God
Access to God
Family of God
Temple of God
Dwelling of God
benediction which immediately precedes this verse he writes...
"To Him be the glory in
the church..." (Ep 3:21-note)
And then he
immediately implores the church to walk worthy of their calling. Clearly
these are related ideas because when believers walk worthy they fulfill
one of their purposes as recorded in the Sermon on the Mount to...
"Let your light shine before men in
such a way that they may see your good works, and glorify your
Father who is in heaven. (Mt 5:16-note)
In other words
when a formerly godless, hopeless, Christless idol worshiping
Gentile walks worthy of their calling it testifies that there is a God
and in this way gives Him glory. The world then receives a proper
opinion of our great God and Father when they see His good works in and
through His family members, His children.
explains therefore - Therefore" does not indicate the
commencement of something altogether new, but rather the consequence of
what has preceded. Here it does not present a change of thought, but a
call to prove the reality of our wealth through the rightness of our
walk. "To turn from the doctrinal to the practical is not a break or a
breach. There is no divorcement between Christian doctrine and Christian
doing." The condition of the Christian must harmonize with his position.
Being in Christ he should grow up into Christ. (Ibid)
considers the therefore as an introduction to sanctification
(progressive growth in Christ-likeness)
writing that the great doctrinal truths in chapters 1-3 "are things that promote
sanctification, that encourage sanctification, and give us motives for
sanctification; but they are not sanctification itself. (Lloyd-Jones,
D. M. Exposition of Ephesians in 8 Vol. Baker Book)
explains the therefore this way - "Such being your exalted privileges;
since God has done so much for you; since he has revealed for you such a
glorious system; since he has bestowed on you the honour of calling you
into his kingdom, and making you partakers of his mercy, I entreat you
to live in accordance with these elevated privileges, and to show your
sense of his goodness by devoting your all to his service."
(Albert Barnes. Barnes NT Commentary)
MacDonald writes "The position into which grace has
lifted us was the dominant theme up to now. From here on it will be the
practical outworking of that position. Our exalted standing in Christ
calls for corresponding godly conduct. So it is true that Ephesians
moves from the heavenlies in chapters 1-3, to the local church, to the
home, and to general society in chapters 4-6. As Stott has pointed out,
these closing chapters teach that “we must cultivate unity in the
church, purity in our personal lives, harmony in our homes and stability
in our combat with the powers of evil.” (MacDonald,
W & Farstad, A. Believer's Bible Commentary: Thomas Nelson)
I - Observe
that with this personal pronoun
Paul clearly testifies he is the author of this letter.
For this reason I, Paul, the
prisoner of Christ Jesus for the sake of you Gentiles
Prisoner of the
Lord - Literally "The prisoner in the Lord" upon which Henry Alford
says "who am, as regards, and for the sake
of the cause, of the Lord, a prisoner; so that my captivity is in
the Lord, as its element and sphere, and therefore to be regarded as an
additional inducement to comply with my exhortation. "For whatever is
Christ's even though disgraceful in the eyes of the world, ought to be
regarded by you with the utmost respect." (Calvin). (The
New Testament for English Readers)
Walter Taylor notes that "“Paul” speaks with the authority of
one who is in prison because of his loyalty to the Lord, and therefore
his ethical directives carry a particular weight. (Augsburg Commentary
on the New Testament)
(desmios from desméo = bind from desmos = bind,
chain) is a captive or one who is bound or who is in bonds. One under
custody in prison.
the Lord’s prisoner on the road to Damascus and never sought to be free
of that divine imprisonment. He may be reminding his readers of his
imprisonment to present them a realistic picture of what he was willing
to go through to “walk worthy” as a model to them, and what it might
cost them to walk worthy.
says that a prisoner is "a person deprived of liberty and kept
under involuntary restraint, confinement, or custody." Yes, Paul was a
prisoner to Rome but much more significantly he was a prisoner of Christ
voluntarily and at liberty, which is the antithesis of the worldly
definition of a prisoner!
May God grant each of us the will by His Spirit to make the wise choice
to be prisoners of Christ! Amen
Actual imprisonment underlies the
usage, but the real bondage is to Christ for whose sake it is suffered
and to whom self-will is offered in sacrifice. In answer to the idea
that Paul borrows here from the concept in the mysteries that katoche
precedes the final dedication, it should be noted that Paul nowhere
calls imprisonment a penultimate stage prior to being with Christ (
Phil. 1:23). Imprisonment symbolizes his whole life and ministry.
16x in 16v - Mt 27:15, 16; Mark 15:6; Acts 16:25, 27; 23:18; 25:14,
27; Acts 28:17 (Desmios has no definite article which stresses the
character); Eph 3:1 (Prisoners often had time to think, read, write,
etc); Eph 4:1; 2Ti 1:8 (To show sympathy to a prisoner and to offer him
help could be very dangerous since it involved one in the charges
against the prisoner); Philemon 1:1, 9; Heb 10:34; 13:3. NAS translates
as prisoner(12), prisoners(4).
4x in the non-apocryphal Septuagint - Eccl 4:14; Lam 3:34; Zech 9:11,
12. Uses in the Apocrypha - 2 Macc 14:27, 33; 3 Macc 4:7; 7:5; Wis 17:2;
Moule - His bonds are due to his union with
Christ. They are thus a strong Christian argument with his
converts...Under all aspects of life Paul belongs to Christ. Whatever he
is, does, or suffers, it is as Christ’s property. There is also an
obvious reference to the fact that his imprisonment was for Christ’s
cause; but this is not all. (Cambridge Bible Commentary)
comments that Paul's "writing to them while he was in
chains proved the deep interest he took in them and in their spiritual
welfare—showed them that his faith in Jesus, and his love to His cause,
were not shaken by persecution—that the iron which lay upon his limb had
not entered into his soul—and that his apostolic prerogative was as
intact, his pastoral anxiety as powerful, and his relation to the Lord
as close and tender as when on his visit to them he disputed in the
school of Tyrannus, or uttered his solemn and pathetic valediction to
their elders at Miletus. Letters inspired by love in a dungeon might
also have a greater charm than his oral address. (cp Gal 6:17) Ephesians
- By mentioning his imprisonment he
gently reminds his readers that he knows the worthy Christian walk can
be costly and that he has paid considerable cost himself because of his
obedience to the Lord. He would not ask them to walk in a way in which
he had not himself walked or pay a price that he himself was not willing
to pay. His present physical circumstance seemed extremely negative from
a human perspective, but Paul wanted his readers to know that this did
not change his commitment to or his confidence in the Lord. (MacArthur,
J: Ephesians. Chicago: Moody Press)
comments that Paul "is a “prisoner of the Lord.” He is a
prisoner because of his position in Christ. Isn’t it interesting that
Paul can be seated in the heavenlies in Christ and can also be seated in
a prison because he was a witness for Christ to the Gentiles? (McGee,
J V: Thru the Bible Commentary: Thomas Nelson)
comments that “What the world counted ignominy, he
counts the highest honor, and he glories in his bonds for Christ, more
than a king in his diadem.”
The Prisoner of the Lord
The great Apostle called himself
"The prisoner of the Lord;"
He was not held by Roman chains
Nor kept in Caesar's ward;
Constrained by love alone,
By cords of kindness bound,
The bondslave of the living Christ,
True liberty he found.
Oh, happy those who see
In poverty and pain,
In weakness and in toil,
Their Father's golden chain;
Who feel no prison walls
Though shut in narrow ways,
And though in darkness fettered fast
Can still rejoice and praise;
From sin's dread bondage bought,
They own their Master's ward,
They bear the brand of Christ,
Blest prisoners of the Lord!
--Annie Johnson Flint
Of the Lord
- not of Rome (which was the reality). But Paul walked not by sight
(seeing Roman prison) but by faith (seeing His risen Lord) and with an
eternal purpose, for he knew that his tribulations were not wasted but
were for the sake of the Gentiles. This divine purpose gave him an
eternal perspective on his afflictions.
is literally not "of the Lord" but "in the Lord". S
Lewis Johnson explains that...
In the Greek text, it is not “of” but
“in,” so he speaks of himself as the prisoner in the Lord. In other
words, it is his relationship of vital communion to the Lord Jesus
Christ that lends authority to what he is saying. He’s a prisoner
alright, but he’s a prisoner in the Lord. So what he says is to be
regarded as coming from someone who is in vital union with the Lord
One of the ancient church fathers
said, “He glories in his chains more than a king in his diadem.” Paul
had reason in the chains in which he found himself, because he was in
those chains because of his testimony for Jesus Christ. A man has a
perfect right to glory in the marks that mark him out as one who belongs
to the Lord Jesus Christ, if it is because of his relationship to the
Lord. But of course if he suffers merely because he has been out of the
will of God or has done something foolish, and as a Christian at the
same time, then he has no right to glory in the things that have
happened to him. Peter tells us that we ought to suffer as Christians in
our suffering. So, the Apostle speaks of himself as a prisoner in the
of the Body)
I implore you
- I beseech you continually. I beg you continually. I am earnestly
asking you. He is urging them in order to stimulate them to begin the
process of progressive, step by step (like walking), sanctification
(growth in holiness), growing in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and
Savior Jesus Christ. He is saying in essence that truth demands an
appropriate response. In other words a true understanding of Christian
doctrine should stimulate a desire to live a holy life, the character of
that life he will outline in these next 3 chapters.
Are you living
in the light of the of the unfathomable riches of Christ which you are
learning that you possess from your study in Ephesians? Are these great
truths in Ephesians making any perceptible difference in your Christian
life? If not, why not?
The truths about
our heavenly position and possession are wonderful but Paul wants
to make sure that these believers are not so heavenly minded that they
are no earthly good to God and His work!
an interesting observation of the flow of these first six verses writing
In his discussion of this walk of the
believer, Paul speaks first to the individual. The individual is to walk
in lowliness and meekness. Then he widens out to the entire church,
which is one body and one spirit. Finally, he brings this passage to a
great, tremendous crescendo, which pictures the eminence and
transcendence of God. (Ibid)
Implore (3870) (parakaleo from
para = side of, alongside, beside +
kaleo [ word study]
= call) means literally
to call one alongside, to call someone to oneself, to call for, to
summon. Parakaleo can include the idea of giving help or aid but
the primary sense in the NT is to urge someone to take some action,
especially some ethical course of action. Sometimes the word means
convey the idea of comfort, sometimes of exhortation but always at the
root there is the idea of enabling a person to meet some difficult
situation with confidence and with gallantry. See the following
discussion for elaboration on the nuances of this great Greek verb.
One writer has
said that Paul's use of parakaleo in verses like Eph 4:1, Ro 12:1, 1Th
4:1 is “one of the tenderest expressions in all the Bible.”
Kent Hughes illustrates the root idea of parakaleo
"to come alongside and encourage" with the following example - I see this exemplified every time my
church has a roller skating party, and the parents put their little ones
on skates for the first time. Mom and Dad skate with their child, holding
on to his or her hands, sometimes with the child’s feet on the ground and
sometimes in the air. But all the time the parents are alongside
encouraging....[exhortation] is a wonderful gift, and we are to place
it at Christ’s feet and be willing to be worn out in its use.
Study the "one anothers" - most
positive, some negative
Our English word "encourage" means
literally “with heart.” To encourage in a sense is
to give them new heart. Shallow sympathy makes people feel worse --- true
spiritual encouragement makes them feel better. It brings out the best
It is worth noting
that parakaleo is the verb root of parakletos, our Helper
(Comforter = The Holy Spirit) in Jn 14:16;26;15:26;16:7 and our “Advocate”
(Jesus)1Jn 2:1;. Kenneth Wuest adds that...
The verb parakaleo refers to
the act of calling someone to one’s side in order to help one. The noun
parakletos refers to the one who is called upon to render aid. It
was used in the law courts of one who pleads another’s cause before a
judge, a counsel for the defence, an advocate. In the widest sense it
means “a helper, a succorer, one who aids another.” In the three
passages in the Gospel noted above, the Holy Spirit is the Comforter to
the saint, not that He comforts him in the sense of consoling him
merely, but that He is sent to be the One to come to the aid of the
Christian in the sense of ministering to him in his spiritual life. In
the first epistle of John (1Jn 2:1), the Lord Jesus is the parakletos
of the believer in the sense that He pleads our cause before our
heavenly Father in relation to sin in the life of the Christian, praying
us back into fellowship with God by the way of our confession and the
K. S. Wuest's Word Studies from the Greek New Testament: Eerdmans)
In the context of
Ephesians 4:1, parakaleo is not simply a request but a plea, an
imploring or begging. The idea of implore is to beg earnestly or
even desperately. Interestingly, the English word implore is from
the Latin implorare meaning to "invoke with tears"!
Clearly, Paul wants
the Gentile believers in Ephesus to be all they can be in Christ (cp one
of Paul's life goals for all disciples - Col 1:28-note,
which is a good goal for all believers to pursue given the fact that we have all been
commissioned by our Lord to go and make disciples. Mt 28:18, 19, 20)
indicates that it was Paul's practice (even though separated from them
physically in prison) to continually
come alongside the believers (via this epistle, and surely also via his
prayers for them). It is notable that Paul does not issue a command to walk worthy
(even as he did not make Ro 12:1 a command-see below). Instead Paul
based his call upon the glorious truths that had brought his readers from far
near (to God), and in so doing was gently and tenderly appealing to them in the
"language of grace" (cp Ep 4:29-note).
Similarly at the beginning of his practical section in the letter to the
saints at Rome Paul wrote...
I urge (parakaleo) you
therefore (Paul uses "therefore" as in Eph 4:1 to draw his
reader's attention back to the preceding glorious truths, including the
mercies of God, cp Ro 11:30, 31), brethren, by
the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living and holy sacrifice,
acceptable to God, which is your spiritual service of worship. And
not be conformed to this world, but
be transformed by the renewing of
your mind, that you may prove what the will of God is, that which is
good and acceptable and perfect. (Ro 12:1-note;
implore (beseech) Ruth Paxson writes...
Oh! the intensity of desire and the
deep sense of responsibility which the aged apostle writes into that
word "beseech!" He has already given them a marvellous revelation of
their heavenly calling. Now with equal clarity he would show their
responsibility for a corresponding conduct. It would well repay you to
make a study of such words and phrases as "therefore," "wherefore,"
"for," "that," "as," "so," "let," "be ye," "be not ye," "see then," in
Ephesians to see how Paul's appeals are always made on the ground of
one's condition corresponding with one's position. "Ye are" --
"therefore be ye" -- is invariably the basis of Paul's appeal. (Ibid.
Since a person can be
for many purposes, the Greek word parakaleo has a wide range of meanings as evidenced by
the many ways it is translated into English in the NAS version (kaleo). The
meanings of parakaleo include
to entreat, to appeal to, to summon, to comfort, to exhort, or to encourage.
English word paraclete (transliteration of the Greek term
parakletos) is derived from parakaleo. Webster's 1828
dictionary defines paraclete as "Properly, an advocate; one
called to aid or support; hence, the consoler, comforter or intercessor,
a term applied to the Holy Spirit."
Nelson's New Illustrated Bible
Dictionary adds that paraclete is “one who
speaks in favor of” as an intercessor, advocate, or legal assistant. The
word, translated as “Comforter” or “Counselor,” appears only in the
Gospel of John. Jesus applied the term to the Holy Spirit, who would be
an advocate on behalf of Jesus’ followers after His ascension; the
Spirit would plead their cause before God (John 14:16, 26; 15:26;
16:7)." In sum, the idea of paraclete is one who speaks or
intercedes for someone in the presence of another, often with a legal
connotation in the ancient world.
Our Daily Bread
Devotionals Related to Encouragement and Comfort:
Dying For Encouragement;
Encourage The Faithful;
Help Them To Achieve;
It Takes Just One (The "Antonym of Encouragement");
A Kind Word;
The Gifted Church;
A Good Word;
A Letter From Dad;
The Value Of Friends;
Comforted To Comfort;
Learning To Comfort;
I Was Wrong!;
Seize The Day;
Cheering Each Other On;
Truth And Tenderness
Nothing Like a Hug.
Here's a great
example of an encouraging illustration called "Helpful
Each fall we are visited by flocks of
migrating geese who stop off at a meadow near our home. For several
weeks those birds fly in long, wavy V-formations over our house, honking
as they go. But then, as winter approaches, they are off again on their
long flight south.
A student of mine furthered my education and my appreciation for these
visitors from the north. I learned that geese fly at speeds of 40 to 50
miles per hour. They travel in formation because as each bird flaps its
wings, it creates an updraft for the bird behind it. They can go 70
percent farther in a group than they could if they flew alone.
Christians are like that in a way. When we have a common purpose, we are
propelled by the thrust of others who share those same goals. We can get
a lot further together than we can alone.
Geese also honk at one
another. They are not critics but encouragers. Those in
the rear sound off to exhort those up front to stay on course and
maintain their speed.
We too move ahead much more easily if there is
someone behind us encouraging us to stay on track and keep going.
Is there someone flying in
formation with you today to whom you might give some “helpful honks?”
--by Haddon W. Robinson
Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by
permission. All rights reserved)
(Bolding and color added)
Let’s encourage one another
As we seek to stay on track;
If we keep our goal before us,
We will not be looking back. —Sper
We can go a lot farther together
than we can alone.
Correction may mold us, but encouragement will motivate us.
Six Ways You Can Encourage Someone Today)
written that more people fail for lack of encouragement than for any
other reason. Chuck Swindoll rightly remarked "How many people stop
because so few say, 'Go!'" Even
in the secular world encouragement is a powerful motivator. How much
more so when Spirit controlled believers let their light shine by giving
encouragement that brings glory to their Father in heaven (Mt 5:16)!
Spurgeon once said "It does people good to be told how highly we value
them. There is many a Christian man and woman who would do better if now
and then someone would speak a kindly word to them, and let them know
that they had done well." Encouragement is like a peanut butter
sandwich—the more you spread it around, the better things stick
Flatter me, and I
may not believe you.
Criticize me, and I may not like you.
Ignore me, and I may not forgive you.
Encourage me, and I will not forget you.
- William Arthur Ward
The meanings of
parakaleo include the following nuances, with the context
determining which is the most appropriate in a given verse. One often
encounters different English words when comparing translations of
parakaleo on the same verse, and this simply reflects the overlap of
these various meanings. For example, to make this point notice that
parakaleo in Mt 8:5 is translated with almost every one of the
possible English words -- imploring = NAS, asking for help =
NIV, NET, beseeching = KJV, Geneva, ASV, RSV,
pleading with = NKJV, calling upon = Young's Literal,
plead with = Living Bible, begged = Good News
Translation, with a request = Bible in Basic English,
begging = Amplified, entreated = Weymouth, appealed to =
New American Bible., appealing to = NRSV, ESV,
begged him repeatedly = International Std Version, Take a moment
and read through the NT occurrences of parakaleo below (click)
to give you a better sense of how this word is used by the NT writers.
(1) To exhort: (Related
See Brief Discussion of the Spiritual
Gift of Exhortation)
word is derived from Latin exhortari, from ex = out +
hortari = to excite. Exhort = to incite or stimulate to
exertion or action by argument or advice, to strongly urge, to persuade
someone strongly, to make urgent appeal to someone. Some synonyms for
exhort = egg on, goad, prick, prod, prompt, spur. The idea of exhort
(giving exhortation) is to motivate someone to action, to rouse them
(eg, out of there "spiritual stupor") to their godly duty by virtue of
proposing suitable motives (eg, see Ro 12:8-note).
Do you have the "gift" of exhortation? Are you using your gift in the body
in which God has
placed you? Does your exhortation sound more like a goad or
an appealing appeal? Remember also that it's difficult for "spiritual
hermits" to come alongside other believers unless they come out of
their isolation. Like the old secular commercial said "Reach out and
touch someone". Good advice for believers!
Closely related to the meaning "to
exhort" is the meaning "to urge" (Urge from Latin
urgere = to press, push) which means to press, to push, to
drive, to impel, to apply force to, to press the mind or will, to
press by motives, arguments, persuasion or importunity.
The New Unger's Bible Dictionary
says that exhortation has been defined as "the act of presenting
such motives before a person as may excite him to the performance of
duty." (E.g., a good example of motivating one to action is seen in use
of parakaleo in the
of Dt 3:28)
(2) To implore, to beg, to beseech, to entreat,
to earnestly ask for, to appeal to (Mt 8:5, 18:32, Mk 1:40, Acts
9:38, 16:9, Philemon 1:10. In Lk 8:41 clearly
parakaleo conveys the sense of to help or bring aid.) - The idea here in
part is that one is speaking with persistence to another person, making
a strong request.
The demons entreat Jesus
in Mt 8:31, 18:29, Mk 5:12, Lk 7:4. How sad that men entreated
Jesus to depart (Mk 5:17, Mt 8:34). On the other hand those who were
suffering entreated Him for healing and relief (Mt 14:36, Mk
5:18, 6:56, 7:32, 8:22)
Entreat means ask
earnestly; to beseech, to petition or plead with urgency and
especially in order to persuade, to solicit pressingly, to beg, to
Beseech means to ask urgently
and fervently for something.
Therefore, we are ;;ambassadors for
Christ, ;;as though God were making an appeal (parakaleo)
through us; we beg you on behalf of Christ, be ;;reconciled to God. (2
(3) To console, to comfort (Ep 6:22-note,
2Th 2:17, In the Greek or
of Ps 23:4-note
[where God parakaleo's David] and Ru 2:13-note,
where Ruth is referring to the comfort Boaz had shown her.
Men, do you "comfort" your wives
or "combat" with your wives?
cp Pr 31:28) Notice how the literal meaning of parakaleo (to come
alongside) comes into play when comforting someone. We can hardly
comfort them if we don't draw near (which can be physically, by phone,
Comfort (from Late Latin
confortāre to strengthen very much, from Latin con-
= intensives meaning + fortis = strong = to strengthen
much) means to ease the
pain of, to strengthen, to invigorate, to cheer, to enliven, to soothe.
Webster's 1828 definition says that to comfort is "To strengthen the
mind when depressed or enfeebled; to console; to give new vigor to the
spirits; to cheer, or relieve from depression, or trouble."
Note the source of the Psalmist's
comfort in the following verse which uses parakaleo...in each
case in some way connected with the Word of God (Are
you going to the Word to be comforted? Or are you looking for comfort in
all the wrong places, to make a play on an old country and western song?)
Psalm 119:50 This is my
in my affliction, that Your word has revived me.
Spurgeon comments: it is clear
that the Psalmist had affliction -- affliction peculiar to himself,
which he calls "my affliction"; that he had comfort in it, -- comfort
specially his own, for he styles it "my comfort"; and that he knew what
the comfort was, and where it came from, for exclaims -- "this is my
comfort". The worldling clutches his money bag and says, "this is my
comfort"; the spendthrift points to his gaiety, shouts, "this is my
comfort"; the drunkard lifts his glass, and sings, "this is my comfort";
but the man whose hope comes from God feels the giving power of the word
of the Lord, and he testifies, "this is my fort." Paul said, "I know
whom I have believed." Comfort is desirable all times; but comfort in
affliction is like a lamp in a dark place. Some unable to find comfort
at such times; but it is not so with believers, their Savour has said to
them, "I will not leave you comfortless." have comfort and no
affliction, others have affliction and no comfort; the saints have
comfort in their affliction.
The word frequently comforts us by increasing the force of
our inner "this is my comfort; thy word hath quickened me." To quicken
the is to cheer the whole man. Often the near way to consolation is
sanctification and invigoration. If we cannot clear away the fog, it may
be to rise to a higher level, and so to get above it. Troubles which
weigh down while we are half dead become mere trifles when we are full
of Thus have we often been raised in spirit by quickening grace, and the
thing will happen again, for the Comforter is still with us, the
Consolation of Israel ever liveth, and the very God of peace is evermore
our Father. Looking back upon our past life there is one ground of
comfort as to state -- the word of God has made us alive, and kept us
so. We were but we are dead no longer. From this we gladly infer that if
the had meant to destroy he would not have quickened us. If we were only
hypocrites worthy of derision, as the proud ones say, he would not
revived us by his grace. An experience of quickening is a fountain of
Psalm 119:52 I have remembered
Your ordinances from of old, O LORD, and comfort (LXX
When we see no present display of the
divine power it is wise to fall back upon the records of former ages,
since they are just as available as if the transactions were of
yesterday, seeing the Lord is always the same. Our true comfort
must be found in what our God works on behalf of truth and right, and as
the histories of the olden times are full of divine interpositions it is
well to be thoroughly acquainted with them (Ed: In other words,
make sure you spend some time in the Old Testament. It is very "modern"
when it comes to its salutary effects to one's soul!). Moreover, if we
are advanced in years we have the providence of our early days to
review, and these should by no means be forgotten or left out of our
thoughts. The argument is good and solid: He who has shown Himself
strong on behalf of His believing people is the
God, and therefore we may expect deliverance at His hands. The
grinning of the proud will not trouble us when we remember how the Lord
dealt with their predecessors in by gone periods; He destroyed them at
the deluge, He confounded them at Babel, He drowned them at the Red Sea,
He drove them out of Canaan: He has in all ages bared His arm against
the haughty, and broken them as potters' vessels. While in our own
hearts we humbly drink of the mercy of God in quietude, we are not
without comfort in seasons of turmoil and derision; for then we
resort to God's justice, and remember how He scoffs at the scoffers: "He
that sitteth in the heavens doth laugh, the Lord doth have them in
derision." (Ps 2:4-note)
When he was greatly derided the Psalmist did not sit down in despair,
but rallied his spirits. He knew that comfort is needful for
strength in service, and for the endurance of persecution, and therefore
he comforted himself. In doing this he resorted not so much to the sweet
as to the stern side of the Lord's dealings, and dwelt upon His
judgments. If we can find sweetness in the divine justice, how much more
shall we perceive it in divine love and grace. How thoroughly must that
man be at peace with God who can find comfort, not only in His promises,
but in His judgments. Even the terrible things of God are cheering to
believers. They know that nothing is more to the advantage of all God's
creatures than to be ruled by a strong hand which will deal out justice.
The righteous man, has no fear of the ruler's sword, which is only a
terror to evil doers. When the godly man is unjustly treated he finds
comfort in the fact that there is a Judge of all the earth who will
avenge his own elect, and redress the ills of these disordered times.
O may Your lovingkindness comfort (LXX
me, According to Your word to Your servant.
Verse 76. -- Comfort
1) May be a matter of prayer.
2) Is provided for in the Lord.
3) Is promised in the word.
4) Is of great value to the believer.
Verse 76. --
1) The need of comfort.
2) The source of comfort: "Thy merciful kindness."
3) The rule of comfort: "According to thy word." --G.R.
My eyes fail with longing for Your word, while I say, "When will You
(4) To encourage (Col 2:2-note;
= Isa 35:3) This sense is often very
difficult for me to separate from the idea of exhorting as discussed in
MacArthur notes that the "the
ministry of exhortation has several elements. It involves persuasion
(;Acts 2:14;14:22;Titus 1:9), pleading (2Co 8:17), comforting (1Th 2:11), encouraging (1Th 4:1), and patient reiterating of
important doctrine (;2Ti 4:2;)."
Encourage (From French =
encourager in turn from en- + courage,
which is from coeur, = the heart) from it's derivation means “with heart”. To
encourage means to (in a sense) give another person "new heart".
Webster's 1828 dictionary says encourage means "To give
courage to; to give or increase confidence of success; to inspire with
courage, spirit, or strength of mind; to embolden; to animate; to
incite; to inspirit." To encourage means to fill with courage
or strength of purpose especially in preparation for a hard task.
Synonyms include to animate, buoy up, cheer, embolden, enhearten,
hearten, inspire, inspirit, nerve, reassure, rouse, steel, strengthen.
Shallow sympathy makes people feel worse- genuine spiritual
encouragement makes them not just feel better but most importantly
brings out the best in them. It is instructive to study the antonyms of
encourage including words like "daunt, depress, deter,
discourage, dishearten, dispirit, dissuade, hinder, inhibit, intimidate,
prevent, retard, scare, throw cold water on" (from Collins
Thesaurus. Glasgow: HarperCollins)
Dearly beloved of God, would you
place yourself in the "synonym" or the "antonym" group?
Note that this sense of parakaleo
is found especially in the Epistle to the Hebrews, which the author even
refers to as a "word of exhortation (or encouragement)" (He
But (see context He 3:12-note)
not a suggestion but a command for these Hebrew Christians to make this
a continual practice in light of the ever present danger he goes on to
explain [by way of application there is a continual need for this genre
of encouragement in our churches for the same reason - so they do not
become hardened!]) one another day after day, as long as it is still
called "Today," so that none of you will be hardened by the
deceitfulness of sin. (Heb 3:13-note
including in depth discussion about the "deceitful" nature of sin.)
(context = He 10:24) not forsaking our own assembling together (Note how
forsaking impedes "coming alongside"! You cannot truly "do church"
unless you are mingling with the members!), as is the habit of some, but
encouraging one another; (What should motivate all believers to
be encouragers? What "time" is it? What "day" is "drawing near"?) and
all the more as you see the day drawing near.
(5) With the nuance of to teach or to
instruct (Titus 1:9)
(6) To summon (as to one's aid - Mt
26:53), to call for, to call to one's side (Acts 28:20).
(7) To invite (Acts 28:14)
William Barclay has a very
insightful note on some of the secular uses of parakaleo and the
derivative word parakletos...
(i) At its most general parakalein
(parakaleo) means to call in, to summon. So a man is said to call in an
ally (summachos) (Herodotus, 7.158); to call in a counselor to give
advice (sumboulos) (Xenophon, Anabasis 1.6.5); to call in an advocate to
plead a case in the law courts (sunegoros) (Aeschines, 2.184).
It is also used of calling upon a man
to undertake a public duty such as the duty of gymnasiarch, whose duty
it was to maintain and train a team at his own expense to run in the
Finally, it is used of calling in the
gods as helpers (boethoi) (Epictetus, 3.21.12).
It is clear that in every case the
summons is to help, to service, to assistance. Therefore at its
widest a parakletos (derived from parakaleo - used of the Holy
Spirit in Jn 14:16, 26, 15:26, 16:7, and Jesus in 1Jn 2:1) is a person
who is called in to help in a situation with which a man by himself
cannot cope. It is true that the basic meaning of parakletos is helper,
but we must now try to put some more definite content into the meaning
of the help which is sought and given.
(ii) Let us look next at one of the rare meanings of the word
parakalein (parakaleo). In ordinary secular Greek the word
parakalein very rarely means to comfort, in the sense of to console.
But it does have that meaning in the Septuagint. It is so used in Ps
71.21, `Thou shalt increase my greatness and comfort me on every side.'
It is the word which is used in the great passage in Isa 40.1, 2,
`Comfort ye, comfort ye, my people, saith your God.' In the two later
versions of the Septuagint, those of Aquila and Theodotion, parakletos
is the word used in Job 16.2, `Miserable comforters are ye all.' It is
then possible to take parakletos to mean one called in to comfort and to
console; but two things have to be noted. First, it is by far the rarest
meaning of the word. Second, even if it be taken in that sense, it still
has the background of a comfort which makes a man able to stand on his
two feet and face life. In Job 4.4 the Moffatt translation is, `Your
words have kept men on their feet,' and that is a description of the
effect of the comfort which parakalein describes.
(iii) In ordinary secular Greek by far the most characteristic usage
both of parakalein (parakaleo) and parakletos is in connexion
with help given in some kind of legal trial. In Greece the
parakletos was the friend of the accused person, called in to speak
in support of his character, in order to enlist the sympathy of the
judges in his favour. In Demosthenes it can be used for the counsel for
the defence. It means someone who will present someone else's case to
some other person or to some other authority in the most favourable
light. Diogenes Laertius (4.50) tells about the answer of the
philosopher Bion to a man who was a talkative nuisance. Bion said : 'I
will do my of the Law gains for himself one parakletos, advocate; he who
commits one transgression gains to himself one kategoros, accuser."In
the heavenly judgment a man's parakletoi, advocates, are repentance and
good works."All the righteousness and mercy which an Israelite doeth in
the world, are great peace and great parakletoi, advocates, between him
and his Father in heaven.'...
But above all parakalein
(parakaleo) is used of exhorting troops who are about to go into battle.
Aeschylus (Persae 380) says of the ships sailing into battle;
'The long galleys cheered
(parakalein) each other, line by line.'
Euripides (Phoenissae 1254)
describing the plans for battle says:
'So did they hail them, cheering
them to fight.'
Xenophon uses it of urging the
soldiers to embark upon the ships and to set out on an adventurous
voyage (Anabasis 5.6. 19).
Polybius uses it of Lutatius
addressing his troops before a naval battle with the Carthaginians
(1.60.5). He uses it of Demetrius rallying his men and addressing the
ranks before they embarked upon battle (3.19.4). And the word he uses of
embarking upon battle is diakinduneuein, which means to accept the risk
Again and again we find that
parakalein (parakaleo) is the word of the rallying-call; it is
the word used of the speeches of leaders and of soldiers who urge each
other on. It is the word used of words which send fearful and timorous
and hesitant soldiers and sailors courageously into battle.
(Ed comment: Brethren, does this not have an excellent application!?
Believers are engaged in a continual war with
devil -- how
important are our encouragements/exhortations to fellow soldiers of the
Cross, that they might be thereby strengthened to persevere in the
fight, to finish the course, to keep the faith! Who have you encouraged
today? this week? Do it while today is still called today [cp Heb 3:13-note].)
A parakletos is therefore an
encourager, one who puts courage into the faint-hearted, one who nerves
the feeble arm for fight, one who makes a very ordinary man cope
gallantly with a perilous and a dangerous situation. Here then we have
the great work of the Holy Spirit. To put it in modern language, the
Holy Spirit makes men able to cope with life. The Holy Spirit is in fact
the fulfilment of the promise, 'Lo, I am with you always even unto the
end of the world' (Matt. 28.20).
It is quite clear that the translation comforted which in the days of
Wycliffe was perfectly adequate and correct for parakletos has
now become much too narrow and much too limited. To limit, even by
suggestion, the work of the Holy Spirit to consolation and to comfort is
sadly to belittle the work of the Spirit. By the study of the word
parakletos we have come to see the wide scope in time and eternity of
(i) The word parakletos always means someone called in to help
and to render some service; therefore the Holy Spirit is essentially the
helper of men.
(ii) The word parakletos has a great Septuagint background to
that kind of comfort and consolation in distress which keeps a man on
his feet, when, left to himself, he would collapse. It is the comfort
which enables a man to pass the breaking-point and not to break.
(ill) The word parakletos has a great background in Greek law.
The parakletos was the prisoner's friend, the advocate and counsel for
the defence, the man who bore witness to his friend's character when he
most needed it, and when others wished to condemn him; therefore when we
describe the glorified Christ as our parakletos we mean that he is there
to speak for us before God.
(iv) The word parakalein (parakaleo) is the word for exhorting
men to noble deeds and high thoughts; it is especially the word of
courage before battle. Life is always calling us into battle and the one
who makes us able to stand up to the opposing forces, to cope with life
and to conquer life is the parakletos, the Holy Spirit, who is none
other than the presence and the power of the risen Christ.
William: New Testament Words:. Westminster John Know Press, 1964)
109x in 105v in NAS
Gospel Uses of
Parakaleo = Mt 2:18; 5:4; 8:5, 31, 34; 14:36; 18:29, 32; 26:53; Mk
1:40; 5:10, 12, 17, 18, 23; 6:56; 7:32; 8:22; Lk 3:18; 7:4; 8:31, 32,
41; 15:28; 16:25;
Acts Uses of Parakaleo =Acts 2:40; 8:31; 9:38; 11:23; 13:42;
14:22; 15:32; 16:9, 15, 39, 40; 19:31; 20:1, 2, 12; 21:12; 24:4; 25:2;
27:33, 28; 28:14, 20;
Pauline Uses of Parakaleo = Ro 12:1-note,
Ro 15:30-note; Ro 16:17-note; 1Cor 1:10;
4:13, 16; 14:31; 16:12, 15; 2Co 1:4, 6; 2:7, 8; 5:20; 6:1; 7:6, 7, 13;
8:6; 9:5; 10:1; 12:8, 18; 13:11; Ep 4:1-note;
Ep 6:22-note; Php 4:2-note; Col 2:2-note;
1Th 2:12-note; 1Th 3:2-note, 1Th 3:7-note; 1Th 4:1-note, 1Th 4:10-note, 1Th 4:18-note; 1Th 5:11-note,
2Th 2:17; 3:12; 1Ti 1:3; 2:1; 5:1; 6:2; 2Ti 4:2-note; Titus 1:9-note; Titus 2:6-note,
Titus 2:15-note; Philemon 1:9, 10;
Non-Pauline Uses of Parakaleo = Heb 3:13-note;
12; Jude 1:3
Parakaleo has a host of renderings in the
English (NAS) reflecting the various nuances of meaning of this major NT
verb = appeal(4), appealed(1), appealing(2), beg(1), begging(2),
beseeching(1), comfort(5), comforted(11), comforts(2), conciliate(1),
encourage(6), encouraged(4), encouraging(3), entreat(1), exhort(8),
exhortation*(1), exhortations(1), exhorted(2), exhorting(3), exhorts(1),
given(1), implore(4), implored(9), imploring(5), invited(2), making an
appeal(1), plead(1), pleaded(1), pleading(1), preach(1), requested(1),
urge(17), urged(5), urging(1). (The KJV versions translates
parakaleo as beseech 43, comfort 23, exhort 21, desire 8, pray
6, intreat 3, misc 4, vr besought 1)
82v in the non-apocryphal
- Ge 24:67 (comforted);
Ge 37:35 (comforted); Ge 38:12; 50:21; Ex 15:13; Dt 3:28; 13:6; 32:36;
Jdg 2:18; 21:6, 15; Ru 2:13; 1Sa 15:11; 22:4; 2Sa 10:2, 3; 12:24; 13:39;
24:16; 1Chr 7:22; 19:2, ; Es 5:1, 2; Job 2:11; 4:3; 7:13; 21:34; 29:25;
42:11; Ps 23:4; 69:20; 71:21; 77:2; 86:17; 90:13; 119:50, 52, 76, 82;
126:1; 135:14; Pr 1:10; 8:4; Ec 4:1; Is 10:31, 32; 13:2; 21:2; 22:4;
33:7; 35:4; 38:16; 40:1, 2, 11; 41:27; 49:10, 13; 51:3, 12, 18, 19;
54:11; 57:5, 18; 61:2; 66:12, 13; Lam 1:2, 9, 16, 21; 2:13; Ezek 14:23;
24:17, 22, 23, 31:16; 32:31; Zech 10:2. Notice especially the 16 uses in
Isaiah 40-66, chapters in which deliverance is promised to the people,
truth which would bring comfort to those (who had ears to hear) who were
in Babylonian captivity.
Isaiah 35:4 Say to those with anxious
heart, "Take courage
(a command in Hebrew) (LXX
= parakaleo; Brenton's English
translation = "Comfort
[parakaleo] one another" = a command in the
calling for immediate attention!),
fear not. Behold, your God will come with vengeance; The recompense of
God will come, But He will save you."
Comment: God is speaking to
Israel, but the principle is applicable to any believer who is suffering
from an "anxious heart" condition.
Isaiah 40:1 "Comfort
= parakaleo in the
= continually comfort is the idea!), O
(see prior comment) My people," says your God. (Listen
to Handel's beautiful 'Comfort Ye My People' and ponder His comfort for
you as His child by grace through faith')
Isaiah 51:12 "I, even I, am He
who comforts (LXX
= parakaleo) you. Who are you
that you are afraid of man who dies And of the son of man who is made
Isaiah 61:2 To proclaim the
favorable year of the LORD (The first part of the verse is quoted by
Jesus in Lk 4:19 but not the second part of the verse and he declared
these prophecies as fulfilled in Lk 4:20, 21. There is a clear gap of
time [See discussion of
Prophetic Time Gaps]
between the first part of Isa 61:2 fulfilled in Messiah's First Coming
and the second part which is yet to be fulfilled at His
Second Coming - notice
that although there will be vengeance when Messiah returns, there will
be comfort for those who mourn - see Zech 12:10 for those Jews who will
mourn) and the day of vengeance of our God; To comfort all who
Here are all the
uses of parakaleo in the NT...
Matthew 2:18 "A VOICE WAS HEARD IN
RAMAH, WEEPING AND GREAT MOURNING, RACHEL WEEPING FOR HER CHILDREN; AND
SHE REFUSED TO BE COMFORTED, BECAUSE THEY WERE NO MORE."
Matthew 5:4 "Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be
Matthew 8:5 And when Jesus entered Capernaum, a centurion came to Him,
Matthew 8:31 The demons began to entreat Him, saying, "If You are
going to cast us out, send us into the herd of swine."
Matthew 8:34 And behold, the whole city came out to meet Jesus; and when
they saw Him, they implored Him to leave their region.
Matthew 14:36 and they implored Him that they might just touch
the fringe of His cloak; and as many as touched it were cured.
Matthew 18:29 "So his fellow slave fell to the ground and began to
plead with him, saying, 'Have patience with me and I will repay
Matthew 18:32 "Then summoning him, his lord said to him, 'You wicked
slave, I forgave you all that debt because you pleaded with me.
Matthew 26:53 "Or do you think that I cannot appeal to My Father,
and He will at once put at My disposal more than twelve legions of
Mark 1:40 And a leper came to Jesus, beseeching Him and falling
on his knees before Him, and saying, "If You are willing, You can make
Mark 5:10 And he began to implore Him earnestly not to send them
out of the country.
Mark 5:12 The demons implored
Him, saying, "Send us into the swine so that we may enter them."
Mark 5:17 And they began to implore Him to leave their region.
Mark 5:18 As He was getting into the boat, the man who had been
demon-possessed was imploring Him that he might accompany Him.
Mark 5:23 and implored Him earnestly, saying, "My little
daughter is at the point of death; please come and lay Your hands on
her, so that she will get well and live."
Mark 6:56 Wherever He entered villages, or cities, or countryside, they
were laying the sick in the market places, and imploring Him that
they might just touch the fringe of His cloak; and as many as touched it
were being cured.
Mark 7:32 They brought to Him one who was deaf and spoke with
difficulty, and they implored Him to lay His hand on him.
Mark 8:22 And they came to Bethsaida. And they brought a blind man to
Jesus and implored Him to touch him.
Luke 3:18 So with many other exhortations he preached the gospel
to the people.
Luke 7:4 When they came to Jesus, they earnestly implored
Him, saying, "He is worthy for You to grant this to him;
Luke 8:31 They were imploring Him not to command them to go away
into the abyss. 32 Now there was a herd of many swine feeding there on
the mountain; and the demons implored Him to permit them to enter the
swine. And He gave them permission.
Luke 8:41 And there came a man named Jairus, and he was an official of
the synagogue; and he fell at Jesus' feet, and began to implore
Him to come to his house;
Luke 15:28 "But he became angry and was not willing to go in; and his
father came out and began pleading with him.
Luke 16:25 "But Abraham said, 'Child, remember that during your life you
received your good things, and likewise Lazarus bad things; but now he
is being comforted here, and you are in agony.
Acts 2:40 And with many other words he solemnly testified and kept
on exhorting them, saying, "Be saved from this perverse
Acts 8:31 And he said, "Well, how could I, unless someone guides me?"
And he invited Philip to come up and sit with him.
Acts 9:38 Since Lydda was near Joppa, the disciples, having heard that
Peter was there, sent two men to him, imploring (KJV = desiring)
him, "Do not delay in coming to us."
Acts 11:23 Then when he arrived and witnessed the grace of God, he
rejoiced and began to encourage them all with resolute
heart to remain true to the Lord;
Comment: As an aside the call
or encouragement to remain faithful is common in Acts - Acts 2:40,
14:22, 15:32, 16:39, 20:1,2.
Acts 13:42 As Paul and Barnabas were going out, the people kept
that these things might be spoken to them the next Sabbath.
Acts 14:22 strengthening the souls of the disciples, encouraging them to
continue in the faith, and saying, "Through many tribulations we must
enter the kingdom of God."
Acts 15:32 Judas and Silas, also being prophets themselves, encouraged
and strengthened the brethren with a lengthy message.
Acts 16:9 A vision appeared to Paul in the night: a man of Macedonia was
standing and appealing to him, and saying, "Come over to Macedonia and
Acts 16:15 And when she and her
household had been baptized, she urged us, saying, "If you have judged
me to be faithful to the Lord, come into my house and stay." And she
prevailed upon us.
Acts 16:39 and they came and appealed to them, and when they had brought
them out, they kept begging them to leave the city. 40 They went out of
the prison and entered the house of Lydia, and when they saw the
brethren, they encouraged them and departed.
Acts 19:31 Also some of the Asiarchs who were friends of his sent to him
and repeatedly urged him not to venture into the theater.
Acts 20:1 After the uproar had ceased, Paul sent for the disciples, and
when he had exhorted them and taken his leave of them, he left to go to
Macedonia. 2 When he had gone through those districts and had given them
much exhortation, he came to Greece.
Acts 20:12 They took away the boy alive, and were greatly comforted.
Acts 21:12 When we had heard this, we as well as the local residents
began begging him not to go up to Jerusalem.
Acts 24:4 "But, that I may not weary you any further, I beg you to grant
us, by your kindness, a brief hearing.
Acts 25:2 And the chief priests and the leading men of the Jews brought
charges against Paul, and they were urging him,
Acts 27:33 Until the day was about to dawn, Paul was encouraging them
all to take some food, saying, "Today is the fourteenth day that you
have been constantly watching and going without eating, having taken
nothing. 34 "Therefore I encourage you to take some food, for this is
for your preservation, for not a hair from the head of any of you will
Acts 28:14 There we found some brethren, and were invited to stay with
them for seven days; and thus we came to Rome.
Acts 28:20 "For this reason, therefore, I requested to see you and to
speak with you, for I am wearing this chain for the sake of the hope of
Romans 12:1 Therefore I urge you, brethren, by the mercies of God, to
present your bodies a living and holy sacrifice, acceptable to God,
which is your spiritual service of worship.
Romans 12:8 or he who exhorts, in his exhortation; he who gives, with
liberality; he who leads, with diligence; he who shows mercy, with
Romans 15:30 Now I urge you, brethren, by our Lord Jesus Christ and by
the love of the Spirit, to strive together with me in your prayers to
God for me,
Romans 16:17 Now I urge you, brethren, keep your eye on those who cause
dissensions and hindrances contrary to the teaching which you learned,
and turn away from them.
1 Corinthians 1:10 Now I exhort you, brethren, by the name of our Lord
Jesus Christ, that you all agree and that there be no divisions among
you, but that you be made complete in the same mind and in the same
1 Corinthians 4:13 when we are slandered, we try to conciliate; we have
become as the scum of the world, the dregs of all things, even until
1 Corinthians 4:16 Therefore I exhort you, be imitators of me.
1 Corinthians 14:31 For you can all prophesy one by one, so that all may
learn and all may be exhorted;
1 Corinthians 16:12 But concerning Apollos our brother, I encouraged
him greatly to come to you with the brethren; and it was not at all his
desire to come now, but he will come when he has opportunity.
1 Corinthians 16:15 Now I urge you, brethren (you know the household of Stephanas, that they were the first fruits of Achaia, and that they have
devoted themselves for ministry to the saints),
2 Corinthians 1:4 who comforts us in all our affliction so that we will
be able to comfort those who are in any affliction with the comfort
(paraklesis = act of emboldening another in belief or course of
which we ourselves are comforted by God....6 But if we are afflicted, it
is for your comfort and salvation; or if we are comforted, it is for
your comfort, which is effective in the patient enduring of the same
sufferings which we also suffer;
2 Corinthians 2:7 so that on the contrary you should rather forgive and
comfort him, otherwise such a one might be overwhelmed by
excessive sorrow. 8 Wherefore I urge you to reaffirm your love
The believers at Corinth were to
come alongside a repentant sinner and strengthen him (cp Gal
6:1), to lift him up and to give him aid so that he is able to
walk worthy of his calling henceforth.
2 Corinthians 5:20 Therefore, we are ambassadors for Christ, as though
God were making an appeal through us; we beg (deomai = to
ask for with pleading) you on behalf of Christ, be
reconciled to God.
2 Corinthians 6:1 And working together with Him, we also urge you not
to receive the grace of God in vain--
2 Corinthians 7:6 But God, who comforts the depressed, comforted us by
the coming of Titus; 7 and not only by his coming, but also by the
comfort with which he was comforted in you, as he reported to us your
longing, your mourning, your zeal for me; so that I rejoiced even more.
2 Corinthians 7:13 For this reason we have been comforted. And besides
our comfort, we rejoiced even much more for the joy of Titus, because
his spirit has been refreshed by you all.
2 Corinthians 8:6 So we urged Titus that as he had previously made a
beginning, so he would also complete in you this gracious work as well.
2 Corinthians 9:5 So I thought it necessary to urge the brethren that
they would go on ahead to you and arrange beforehand your previously
promised bountiful gift, so that the same would be ready as a bountiful
gift and not affected by covetousness.
2 Corinthians 10:1 Now I, Paul, myself urge you by the meekness and
gentleness of Christ-- I who am meek when face to face with you, but
bold toward you when absent!
2 Corinthians 12:8 Concerning this I implored the Lord three
times that it might leave me.
Compare uses of parakaleo in
the Gospels which also convey the sense of implore ((Matt. 8:5; 14:36;
Mark 1:40; 5:23; 6:56; 7:32; 8:22; Luke 7:4; 8:41).
2 Corinthians 12:18 I urged Titus to go, and I sent the brother
with him. Titus did not take any advantage of you, did he? Did we not
conduct ourselves in the same spirit and walk in the same steps?
2 Corinthians 13:11 Finally, brethren, rejoice, be made complete,
be comforted, be like-minded, live in peace; and the God of love and peace
will be with you.
Ephesians 4:1 Therefore I, the prisoner of the Lord, implore you
to walk in a manner worthy of the calling with which you have been
In context Paul uses parakaleo
to convey an intense feeling, strong desire, not simply a request but a
plea or a begging.
Ephesians 6:22 I have sent him to you for this very purpose, so that you
may know about us, and that he may comfort your hearts.
Philippians 4:2 I urge Euodia and I urge Syntyche to live in harmony in
Colossians 2:2 that their hearts may be encouraged, having been knit
together in love, and attaining to all the wealth that comes from the
full assurance of understanding, resulting in a true knowledge of God's
mystery, that is, Christ Himself,
Vine: (Parakaleo) denotes
either to comfort or encourage or exhort. Here the context points to the
meaning to encourage, to kindle spiritual activity
Barclay: It should be a Church
of courageous hearts. Paul prays that their hearts may be encouraged.
The word which he uses is parakalein (parakaleo). Sometimes that word
means to comfort, sometimes to exhort, but always at the back of it
there is the idea of enabling a person to meet some difficult situation
with confidence and with gallantry. One of the Greek historians uses it
in a most interesting and suggestive way. There was a Greek regiment
which had lost heart and was utterly dejected. The general sent a leader
to talk to it to such purpose that courage was reborn and a body of
dispirited men became fit again for heroic action. That is what
parakalein means here. It is Paul’s prayer that the Church may be filled
with that courage which can cope with any situation.
Colossians 4:8 For I have sent him to you for this very purpose, that
you may know about our circumstances and that he may encourage your
1 Thessalonians 2:11 (Note some versions have this in 1Th 2:12ESV) just as you know how we were
encouraging (paramutheomai = console, cheer up) and imploring each one of you as a father would his own
1 Thessalonians 3:2 and we sent Timothy, our brother and God's fellow
worker in the gospel of Christ, to strengthen and encourage you as to
What is the potential effect of
encouragement? What will be impacted according to this verse? Beloved,
we are all involved in a "good fight of faith" and it behooves
each of us to seek to intentional encouragers of one another (not
flatters, but encouragers).
1 Thessalonians 3:7 for this reason, brethren, in all our distress and
affliction we were comforted about you through your faith;
1 Thessalonians 4:1 Finally then, brethren, we request and exhort you
in the Lord Jesus, that as you received from us instruction as to how
you ought to walk and please God (just as you actually do walk), that
you excel still more.
Notice this exhortation parallels
that found in Eph 4:1 and Ro 12:1.
1 Thessalonians 4:10 for indeed you do practice it toward all the
brethren who are in all Macedonia. But we urge you, brethren, to excel
Paul does not command them to excel
but urges or pleads with them.
1 Thessalonians 4:18 Therefore comfort (come alongside) one another with these words.
1 Thessalonians 5:11 Therefore encourage one another and build up one
another, just as you also are doing.
1 Thessalonians 5:14 We urge you, brethren, admonish the unruly,
encourage the fainthearted, help the weak, be patient with everyone.
2 Thessalonians 2:17 comfort and strengthen your hearts in every good
work and word.
2 Thessalonians 3:12 Now such persons we command and exhort in the Lord
Jesus Christ to work in quiet fashion and eat their own bread.
1 Timothy 1:3 As I urged you upon my departure for Macedonia,
remain on at Ephesus so that you may instruct certain men not to teach
Here parakaleo has the sense
of Paul pleading with Timothy to stay on at Ephesus.
1 Timothy 2:1 First of all, then, I urge that entreaties and
prayers, petitions and thanksgivings, be made on behalf of all men,
1 Timothy 5:1 Do not sharply rebuke an older man, but rather appeal
to him as a father, to the younger men as brothers,
The idea of parakaleo in this
context is "I beg of you".
1 Timothy 6:2 Those who have believers as their masters must not be
disrespectful to them because they are brethren, but must serve them all
the more, because those who partake of the benefit are believers and
beloved. Teach and preach these principles.
2 Timothy 4:2 preach
the word; be ready
in season and out of season;
with great patience and instruction. (All verbs in red are
= command to do this now. The need is urgent!)
John MacArthur comments that
the meaning of parakaleo ranges "from simply calling out to
someone to admonishing, which is clearly the meaning in this context. It
also carries the idea of encouragement. After having reproved and
rebuked disobedient believers under his care, the faithful preacher is
then to come alongside them in love and encourage them to spiritual
Titus 1:9 holding fast (continually clinging strong to) the faithful
word which is in accordance with the teaching, so that he will be able
both to exhort in sound doctrine and to refute those who
How can one (context refers primarily
to elders, but applicable to all saints) best exhort? Clearly he needs
to be holding fast the trustworthy Word, which is the source of sound
doctrine and doctrine that counters erroneous teaching.
MacArthur writes: "It is
failure in the area of holding fast the faithful word that is
largely responsible for the superficial, self-elevating preaching and
teaching in many evangelical churches. Here is the real culprit in the
weak, shallow, insipid “;sermonettes for Christianettes;” that are such
common church fare today. Here is the real villain that has led so many
to be converted to what they consider relevancy and therefore to preach
a pampering psychology or become stand-up comics, storytellers, clever
speechmakers or entertainers who turn churches into what John Piper in
his most excellent book
The Supremacy of God in Preaching
has called “;the slapstick of evangelical worship;” ([Grand Rapids:
Baker, 1990], p. 21)."
William Barclay emphasizes that
pastors, elders and overseers "must be able to encourage the
(saints)...The navy has a rule which says that no officer shall
speak discouragingly to any other officer in the performance of his
duties. There is always something wrong with preaching or teaching whose
effect is to discourage others. The function of the true Christian
preacher and teacher is not to drive a man to despair, but to lift him
up to hope." (Barclay,
W: The Daily Study Bible Series, Rev. ed. Philadelphia: The Westminster
Titus 2:6 Likewise urge the young men to be sensible
The idea of parakaleo in this
verse is to strongly entreat or admonish.
Titus 2:15 These things speak and exhort and reprove with all
authority. Let no one disregard you.
Philemon 1:9 yet for love's sake I rather appeal to you-- since I am
such a person as Paul, the aged, and now also a prisoner of Christ
Jesus--10 I appeal to you for my child Onesimus, whom I have begotten in
Hebrews 3:13 But encourage one another day after day, as long as it is
still called "Today," so that none of you will be hardened by the
deceitfulness of sin.
Hebrews 10:25 not forsaking our own assembling together, as is the habit
of some, but encouraging one another; and all the more as you see the
day drawing near.
Hebrews 13:19 And I urge you all the more to do this, so that I may be
restored to you the sooner.
Hebrews 13:22 But I urge you, brethren, bear with this word of
exhortation, for I have written to you briefly.
1 Peter 2:11 Beloved, I urge you as aliens and strangers to abstain
from fleshly lusts which wage war against the soul.
1 Peter 5:1 Therefore, I exhort the elders among you, as your fellow
elder and witness of the sufferings of Christ, and a partaker also of
the glory that is to be revealed,
1 Peter 5:12 Through Silvanus, our faithful brother (for so I regard
him), I have written to you briefly, exhorting and testifying that this
is the true grace of God. Stand firm in it!
Jude 1:3 Beloved, while I was making every effort to write you about our
common salvation, I felt the necessity to write to you appealing that
you contend earnestly for the faith which was once for all handed down
to the saints.
EVEN THE "GREATEST" SAINT NEEDS
ENCOURAGEMENT - For years William Wilberforce pushed Britain's
Parliament to abolish slavery. Discouraged, he was about to give up. In
elderly friend, John Wesley, heard of it and from his deathbed called
for pen and paper.
With trembling hand, Wesley wrote:
"Unless God has raised you up for this very thing, you will be worn out
by the opposition of men and devils. But if God be for you, who can be
against you? Are all of them stronger than God? Oh be not weary of well-doing! Go
on, in the name of God and in the power of his might, till even American
slavery shall vanish away before it."
Though Wesley died less than a week
after writing that letter, it remained an inspiration to Wilberforce
through years of disappointment after disappointment. Wilberforce fought
for forty-five more years and in 1833, three days before his own death,
saw slavery abolished in Britain. Wilberforce might not have prevailed
if it had not been for the encouragement of his friend who strengthened
him in the Lord. Before you pray, "Lord, give me a friend like that,"
try praying: "Lord, make me a friend like that." Remember, even the
greatest ones need encouragement.
A doctor wrote a letter of thanks to
a schoolteacher for having given him so much encouragement when he had
been in her class 30 years before. He later received this reply: "I want
you to know what your note meant to me. I am an old lady in my eighties,
living alone in a small room, cooking my own meals, lonely, and seeming
like the last leaf on the tree. You will be interested to know that I
taught school for 50 years, and yours is the first letter of
appreciation I have ever received. It came on a cold, blue morning and
cheered my lonely old heart as nothing has cheered me in many years." –
A Treasury of Bible Illustrations.
On the cold days of winter, one often
finds that the car battery has lost its charge during the night. The
engine will not turn over because the battery is too weak. The
ministry of encouragement is like a car that comes alongside ours
and gives us a jump start. The strength of the operative car is
transferred into the weak battery, and the inoperative car is
rejuvenated to action. When we see people who are discouraged, saddened
by the trials and afflictions, or straying from the path of obedience,
we need to recognize these moments as opportunities (see study of
the Greek word for opportunity) and come alongside to give them a
spiritual jump start. Has
God placed a someone in your path who is need of a spiritual "jump
ILLUSTRATION OF OUR NEED FOR
ENCOURAGEMENT - Years ago, a Dear Abby column ran a story by a
retired schoolteacher. One day she had her students take out two sheets of
paper and list the names of the other students in the room. Then she told
them to think of the nicest thing they could say about each of their
classmates and write it down by their names. She took the papers home that
weekend and compiled a list for each student of what the others had said
about him or her. On Monday she gave each student his or her list. Before
long, everyone was smiling. Really? one whispered. I never knew that meant
anything to anyone. I didn't know anyone liked me that much! Years later,
the teacher went to the funeral of one of her former students, who had been
killed in Vietnam. Many who had been in that class years before were there.
After the service, the young mans parents approached the teacher and said,
We want to show you something. Mark was carrying this when he was killed.
The father pulled out of a wallet the list of all the good things Marks
classmates had said about him. Thank you so much for doing that, Marks
mother said. As you can see, Mark treasured it. A group of Marks classmates
overheard the exchange. One smiled sheepishly and said, I still have my
list. Its in my top desk drawer at home. Another said, I have mine, too. Its
in my diary. I put mine in our wedding album, said a third. I bet we all
saved them, said a fourth. I carry mine with me at all times. At that point,
the teacher sat down and cried. And, she used that assignment in every class
for the rest of her teaching career. Robert Orben said it well "A compliment
is verbal sunshine." THE LESSON: We all need encouragement, which is
"like oxygen" to our soul.
Nothing succeeds like encouragement. Who have you encouraged this week?
GROVES- If we are going to be
spiritually healthy, we need all the encouragement and support we can get.
And in this section our "trainer" is telling us that spiritual fitness calls
for team effort. Yes, we are to be oaks of righteousness, but God desires us
not to be isolated oaks but growing "groves" of oaks, as is so well
illustrated in nature by the giant sequoia trees of California that tower up
to 300 feet. These beautiful behemoths belie their unusually shallow root
systems that reach out in all directions to capture the greatest amount of
surface moisture. As their roots extend horizontally, the intertwining roots
of the juxtaposed trees weave a network of support which provides stability
against violent storms (think "storms of life"). In short, these gentle
giants are so constructed by their Creator that they need each other, which
explains why you virtually always see them growing assembled together in
clusters ("not forsaking their assembling together"). Seldom do you see a
standing alone, because the high winds would quickly uproot the shallow root
system of these "loners". Because of the opposition to "The Way",
the believers of the first century
desperately needed to grow in groves and we of the 21st century are no
fellowship provides us
With encouragement and love;
It will help us in our journey,
Till we reach our home above. --Sper
Mark Dever has this note
especially for pastors - Giving and receiving godly encouragement and
criticism. This is a skill set that too few pastors have deliberately
developed among local church leaders. Improving the mechanics and
underpinnings of your church comes only through constructive criticism
and encouragement. Provide a periodic time for trusted leaders to give
godly, gentle, but forthright feedback on the weekly services, your
sermons, the prayers or Scripture readings of other leaders, the
business/members’ meetings, and even the elders’ meetings. Providing
that periodic time—whether weekly, twice a month, or monthly—will help
sharpen the spiritual senses of your leaders, give them practice at
encouraging and sharpening you, and give you practice at receiving godly
encouragement and criticism. (The
Deliberate Church- Building Your Ministry on the Gospel or
A MODERN DAY "BARNABAS"
("Son of Encouragement" -
are six ways to encourage someone -
When was the last time you
encouraged someone in any of the following ways? Have you ignored some
gentle promptings by the Spirit to encourage someone? Perhaps today you might
ask God to whom you might send a note or make a call?
Yes, dear brother or sister in Christ, it does cost to encourage another
(eg, it always costs our time, our "agenda", etc), but it might just be the
most wisely invested moment of your day!
1) Provide materially – meet their
2) Drop a line – send notes of encouragement.
3) Reach out and touch – give an appropriate touch such as a pat, hug,
4) Listen up – listen actively. (Oh my, I need to heed this one!)
5) Empathize – comfort others in their pain.
6) Give of your time – give your undivided attention.
Debora Coty summarizes her
article encouraging us all to become active, intentional encouragers...
The encouragement we pour into the
lives of those around us will spill over into the lives of countless
others, even as it buoys our own spirits. Proverbs 11:25 states, “A
generous man will prosper; he who refreshes others will himself be
refreshed.” When we encourage others, we cannot help but be encouraged
M Coty: "Just What They Need - 6 Ways to Encourage Others": Discipleship
Journal: Issue 147 - May/June 2005)
To whom can you be a "Barnabas"
Being an encourager requires thought,
time, and energy. Most of us live such fast paced, self-centered lives
that it can be very difficult to even see another person's need for
encouragement. We need to remember that God commands us to be
encouragers (Heb 3:13
= command to
make it our lifestyle), to
build each other
burdens (Gal 6:2, cp Pr 17:17), to regard
as more important than our self (Php 2:3-note)
and to look out for the interests of others (Php 2:4-note).
In short, being an encourager requires (supernatural) intentionality.
Encouragement is not doing for someone what they can do for themselves
and is not removing pain from their lives, but instead is noticing them,
feeling with them, and reminding them of the great hope (absolute
assurance of future good) we have in Christ as we persevere in our walk
It is difficult to improve on God's
charge in Isaiah...
Encourage the exhausted,
and strengthen the feeble.
Say to those with anxious heart,
(Isaiah 35:3, 4)
TO WALK IN A MANNER WORTHY OF
THE CALLING WITH WHICH YOU HAVE BEEN CALLED: axios peripatesai
(AAN) tes kleseos es eklethete, (2PAPI):
(Ep 4:17; 5:2; Ge 5:24;
17:1; Acts 9:31; Php 1:27; 3:17,18; Col 1:10; 4:12;
1Th 2:12; 4:1,2; Titus 2:10; He 13:21) (Ep 4:4; Ro
8:28, 29, 30; Php 3:14; 2Th 1:11; 2Ti 1:9;
He 3:1; 1Pe 3:9; 5:10; 2Pe 1:3)
Earlier Paul had
taught that our "walk" has in one sense been prepared for us even
before we were created writing that " we are His workmanship, created
in Christ Jesus for
which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them." (Eph
- It is a stroke of very miserable wit
which Adam Clarke ascribes to the apostle, when he represents him as
saying, “Ye have your liberty and may walk, I am deprived of mine and
cannot.” Their calling, so high, so holy, and so authoritative, and
which had come to them in such power, was to be honored by a walk in
perfect correspondence with its origin and spirit, its claims and
Moule on the metaphor of "walk"
- The distinctive notion of the word is
that of the moral action and conduct of life....Ideally, of course, no
human walk is “worthy of” the Gospel, the Call, or the Divine Caller.
But practically it can and should be so, in the sense of being governed
at every step by the Divine motives (Ed: In other words,
only as enabled by the Holy Spirit!), applied by grace, and so
presenting a true correspondence to those motives. (The Cambridge Bible
- Paul is not asking too much of the saints (set apart ones) at Ephesus.
Indeed, this is a call to walk on a plane commensurate with our heavenly
Christ and our
earthly possession of every spiritual
blessing in Christ (Eph 1:3). Our walk have an "equal weight" with the truth in
chapters 1-3. Our calling and our conduct should be in balance. We do
not become Christians by living the Christian life; rather, we are
exhorted to live the Christian life because we are Christians, that our
lives may measure up to our position in Christ. Paul's call for a
worthy walk resonates throughout his epistles. The point is that it
is not enough to just know the truth, but we must live it out...
conduct (peripateo) yourselves in a manner worthy (axios) of
the gospel of Christ; so that whether I come and see you or remain
absent, I may hear of you that you are standing firm in one spirit, with
one mind striving together for the faith of the gospel; (Comment:
Paul is exhorting the church at Philippi to live their lives like what
they are -- citizens of heaven -- [see
below] so their conduct in a sense "weighs as much as" the gospel they
preach and the faith they profess. In other words, they are to see to it
that they practice what they preach, that their experience measures up
to their new standing as children of the King. We do not behave (or
conduct ourselves in a certain way) in order to go to heaven, as though
we could be saved by our good works, but we conduct ourselves because
our names are already written in heaven, and our citizenship is in
join in following my example, and observe those who walk
(peripateo) according to the pattern you have in us.
For many walk
(peripateo), of whom I often told you, and now tell you even weeping,
that they are enemies of the cross of Christ,
whose end is
destruction, whose god is their appetite, and whose glory is in their
shame, who set their minds on earthly things.
(note) For this
reason also, since the day we heard of it, we have not ceased to pray
for you and to ask that you may be filled with the knowledge of His will
in all spiritual wisdom and understanding,
so that you may walk
(peripateo) in a manner worthy (axios) of the Lord, to please Him
in all respects, bearing fruit in every good work and increasing in the
knowledge of God;
(note) just as you know
how we were exhorting and encouraging and imploring each one of you as a
father would his own children, 12 so that you may walk
(peripateo) in a manner worthy (axios) of the God who calls you
into His own kingdom and glory.
A WORTHY WALK
As Wise Men
To Walk (4043)
from peri = about,
around + pateo = walk, tread) (Click
word study on
means literally to go here and there or to tread all around.
Most NT uses are
figurative referring to the daily conduct of one's life or how they
order their behavior or pass their life.
In the figurative
sense then peripateo refers to one's habitual way or direction of
life, and so to their life-style. In simple terms to walk in the
Christian life pictures (1) activity and (2) an advance step by step.
We see this
figurative use of peripateo throughout Paul's letters...
and (Abraham) the father of
circumcision to those who not only are of the circumcision, but who also
follow in the steps of the faith of our father Abraham which he
had while uncircumcised. (Ro 4:12-note)
Comment: Although peripateo is not used
Ro 4:12 clearly illustrates
the essential dynamic of the spiritual life which is pictured as a
Therefore we have been buried with
Him through baptism into death, in order that as Christ was raised from
the dead through the glory of the Father, so we too might walk
(peripateo) in newness (a brand new life heretofore unknown,
"resurrection life" in resurrection power enabled by the indwelling
Spirit of the living God) of life. (Ro 6:4-note)
for we walk by faith, not by sight (2Cor
Comment: Although we cannot
see Christ visibly today, we can live by faith in the reality of His
presence in us and the certainty of all His promises concerning our
Paul is saying
conduct your life in a manner consistent with (worthy of) your glorious
position as a member of the body of Christ (your calling).
Peripateo used in
a good sense by Luke describes Zacharias and Elizabeth, the parents of
John the Baptist, as being
“righteous in the sight of God,
walking (peripateo) blamelessly in all the commandments and
requirements of the Lord” (Lk 1:6).
earlier (Ep 2:2-
Paul referred to the lifestyle of unbelievers and in this same chapter
counsels the Ephesian believers to
walk no longer just as the
Gentiles (in context a description of all the unsaved) also walk,
in the futility of their mind (see note
In Colossians 1:10
Paul prayed for the saints to be filled with a knowledge of God's will
in all spiritual wisdom, which the specific practical purpose that they
a manner worthy of the Lord to please Him in all respects bearing fruit
in every good work and increasing in the knowledge of God (see note
The concept of a
Christian's walk that matches our Christian talk is reiterated throughout the last 3 application rich chapters of Ephesians...
Therefore be imitators of God, as beloved children;
5:2 and walk in love, just as
Christ also loved you, and gave Himself up for us, an offering and a
sacrifice to God as a fragrant aroma. (See
note Eph 5:2)
for you were formerly darkness, but now you are light in the
walk as children of light
Therefore be careful how you walk, not as unwise men, but as
making the most of your time, because the days are evil. (See note
In Colossians 4
Paul uses peripateo charging the saints to
(command to continually -
yourselves with wisdom (living prudently and with discretion) toward
outsiders (non-Christians, whether Jew or Gentile), making the most of
the opportunity (present
- continually seizing, redeeming or
buying up the opportunity). (see note
Ruth Paxson explains that...
Before making this appeal Paul has shown them what is their high
calling. How could they be expected to walk worthily without knowing
what their calling was? Yet this is the mistake which many Christians
make. They know that they are not living as they ought, and they try to
mend their ways and improve their manner of living without having
knowledge of the divine standard and its requirements. They try to "be"
(See Ephesians 4:32-note;
Eph 5:1-note), before they "know what" (Ep
1:18-note). There is
tremendous danger in some present-day movements that ignore or even
discard doctrine and place emphasis primarily, or even solely, upon
experience. Such experiences are as untrustworthy and unacceptable to
the Lord as the premises upon which they are built.
"Therefore -- walk." To walk indicates motion. There are many
words that indicate motion, such as leap, run, float, drift, creep, but
you cannot substitute one of them for the word "walk." To walk implies
purpose, starting for a goal; progress, steadily advancing step by step;
perseverance, keeping on until the goal is reached. Walking stands for
steady, sustained motion, and involves the action of the mind in the
decision to start; of the heart in the desire to continue, and of the
will in the determination to arrive.
Then what does to "walk" mean in relation to the Christian's
life? The whole course of his daily living; his habitual conduct before
men; his life lived out in the open. (Ibid. Page 86)
J Vernon McGee
"Walking is not a balloon ascension.
A great many people think the Christian life is some great, overwhelming
experience and you take off like a rocket going out into space. That’s
not where you live the Christian life. Rather, it is in your home, in
your office, in the schoolroom, on the street. The way you get around in
this life is to walk. You are to walk in Christ. God grant that you and
I might be joined to Him in our daily walk."...
(Dr McGee adds that here in Ephesians 4:1) Paul begs us to walk worthy
of the gospel. People may not be telling you this, but they are
evaluating whether you are a real child of God through faith in Christ.
The only way they can tell is by your walk. It’s not so much how
you walk as it is where you walk!..
We have previously told the incident of a man handing out tracts, a
ministry, by the way, that takes much prayer and intelligence. A black
man who could neither read nor write was handed a tract. He asked, “What
is this?” When he was told it was a tract, he said, “Well I can’t
read it; so I’ll watch your tracks.” That was the greatest short
sermon this Christian could ever have had preached to him. Someone was
watching his tracks.
J V: Thru the Bible Commentary: Nashville: Thomas Nelson)
S Lewis Johnson - There’s an old story about St.
Francis of Assisi, who one morning said to the disciples that he was
responsible for training, let’s go down into the village from the
monastery and preach. And, according to this ancient story, St. Francis
went out with a group of young men, they walked down from the monastery
into the village, they walked through the streets of the village, they
made contact with a number of people, primarily about the things of
ordinary life. They walked up and down the few streets of the village,
finally walked out of the village. Walked to the next little community
and then finally made their way back to the monastery when one of the
young men said, “But, sir, you said we were going down to the village
and preach.” And he is reported to have said, “That’s exactly what we
did. We went down to preach. My sons, it is of no use that we walk
anywhere to preach unless we preach as walk.” He was trying to make the
point that in our daily life, we preach. (Unity
of One Body)
simplifies the idea of the Christian walk in works God prepared
beforehand writing that ""a walk, of course, merely consists
of two simple steps, repeated over and over again. It is not a
complicated thing. In the same way, the Christian life is a matter of
taking two steps, one step after another. Then you are beginning to
walk. Those two steps follow in this passage. Paul describes them as,
"Put off the old man" (see note on
where "self" in NAS is "man" in KJV) and "put on the new
self." (Read following for what new man looks like - Eph 4:24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32 -see notes
4:32) Then repeat them.
That is all. Keep walking through every day like that. That is how
Scripture exhorts us to live." (full text of
True Human Potential)
Paul wants his readers to clearly understand that the
purpose of correct knowledge is right conduct --not smarter
sinners but saved sinners more like their Savior. The ultimate goal of
inductive Bible study is
As the well known
Evangelist D. L. Moody once said, “Every Bible should be bound in
In a manner worthy (516)
= having the weight of another) means weighing as much as, of
like value, worth as much. "Literally, “bringing up the other beam of
the scales” suggests that there must be a balance between one’s
profession and one’s practice. So Paul provides a criterion by which
possible courses of action can be weighed. Christians will always seek
to do what is most in keeping with their “calling.” By definition this
is a calling they have received, not one they have acquired by
self-effort. Those who share such a divine call constitute the church
(ekklesia), the “called-out company” of those who are in Christ."
(Expositor's Bible Commentary).
Axios means having the weight of another thing
and so being of like value or worth as much. Worthy (axios) is literally
"bringing up the other beam of the scales" and hence indicates
equivalence. In other words axios
has the root meaning of balancing the scales—what is on one side of the
scale should be equal in weight to what is on the other side. By
extension, the word came to be applied to anything that was expected to
correspond to something else. A person worthy of his pay was one whose
day’s work corresponded to his day’s wages. True grace in the
heart must show itself by true goodness in the life. Walk is on
one side and calling on the other side of the "scales".
Paul is saying in
essence, I implore you to let your walk be balanced by your calling. He
is exhorting them to demonstrate a balance between their profession and
their practice. Our profession is we are Christians. Our practice is we
live like Christ. And the only way to "balance" our profession and
practice is to renounce self-reliance and rely wholly on the Holy Spirit
to give us the desire and power to live like Jesus (Php 2:13-note)
Your conduct should "balance the scales" the other
side of the scale being Christ's life (our pattern to imitate -
cp 1Pe 2:21-note) and
the riches of His grace (His transforming power to live a "balanced"
life enabled by His Spirit - Eph 1:7-note)! It's a high calling but is to be
our goal and is our potential since the Spirit of Christ is in us (Ro
strengthen our inner man for such a supernatural walk (Eph 3:16-note). There is no way a
man or woman can "balance the scales" in their own strength or
self efforts (cp our need to "cooperate" with the Spirit = Ro 8:13-note,
2Cor 3:5, 6-note).
In the context of Ephesians which emphasizes Jew and
Gentile in one body, to walk worthy entails both groups behaving in a
united way despite their racial/ethnic/custom differences.
As Jesus says, He and the Father (along with the
Spirit) "make their abode" with us! (John 14:23) That is why it is so
essential that you and I "walk in a manner worthy of the calling with
which you have been called." Our lives are to demonstrate Him (Mt
cp Php 2:15-note)! We bear
His name (Acts 11:26, cp Jesus' charge to Paul - Acts 9:15)!
EQUAL WEIGHT ON
DOCTRINE & PRACTICE
Martyn Lloyd-Jones writes that worthy conveys two basic
The first idea is that of equal weight or balancing. Think of two things
which are of the same weight, so that when you put them on opposite
sides of the scale there is no tilting to one side or the other, but
they balance perfectly. That is the original derivation of the word
translated here by ‘worthy’. So what the Apostle is saying is that he is
beseeching them and exhorting them always to give equal weight in their
lives to doctrine and practice. They must not put all the weight
on doctrine and none on practice; nor all the weight on
practice and just a little, if any at all, on doctrine. To do
so produces imbalance and lopsidedness. The Ephesians must take great
pains to see that the scales are perfectly balanced. However packed your
head may be with knowledge, if you are failing in your life you will be
a hindrance to the spreading of the Kingdom, you will bring the cause of
God and His Christ into disrepute. But it is equally true to say that if
your conception of the Christian life is that it means no more than that
you live a good life, that you should be moral, and that doctrine is of
no importance, again you will be a hindrance to the cause. There must be
true balance, we must be ‘worthy of the vocation wherewith we are
The Bible frequently uses this argument. It is found for instance in the
sixth chapter of the Epistle to the Hebrews where we read,
‘But, beloved, we are persuaded better things of you, and things that
accompany salvation, though we thus speak. For God is not unrighteous to
forget your work and labour of love which ye have showed toward his
name, in that ye have ministered to the saints, and do minister. And we
desire that every one of you do show the same diligence to the full
assurance of hope unto the end’ (Heb 6:9–11).
The author of the Epistle commends them for having shown marvellous
diligence on the practical side of their lives, but then urges them to
show the same diligence in the matter of grasping the doctrines of the
faith and especially that of the full assurance of hope to the end.
Those Hebrew Christians were in trouble because they had failed to
maintain the balance between doctrine and practice; they were not being
‘worthy’ of their calling.
The other idea contained in this word is of something that is ‘becoming’.
It is interesting to observe how the translators of this Authorized or
King James Version translated the same word in the Greek original in
different ways at different points. They might very well have translated
as follows, ‘I therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you that you
walk in a manner which is “becoming of” the calling wherewith you are
called’, because when they translate the same Apostle, in the first
chapter of his Epistle to the Philippians, where he again writes about
himself in prison and his suffering they have, ‘Only let your
conversation be as it becometh the gospel of Christ’ (Php 1:27KJV). It
is exactly the same idea. The idea conveyed is of matching, it is of
putting on a piece of clothing that is consistent with another,
something that is suited to and matches something else.
Paul means, negatively, that we must always avoid a clash of colour or
appearance. There must never be a clash between our doctrine and our
practice. This is something which is recognized in the matter of dress;
there must never be a clash of colours that is not becoming. There are
certain colours that do not match, which do not go together; and when
you see a person with such clashing, contrasting colours you say that
that person is lacking in taste. We can extend the idea and say that the
same clothing is not always becoming at every age. There is nothing
quite so ridiculous as to see an elderly person dressing as if he or she
were young, and vice versa. There are certain things that are not
becoming. This is the idea that the Apostle conveys here; there must
never be an element of incongruity or of sharp contrasts in our lives.
(Christian Unity Studies in Ephesians)
Ruth Paxson writes that...
The characteristics of a worthy walk are given in Eph 4:1-6:9... But
here let us consider briefly the Godward and the manward aspects of such
a walk. God has already determined both its starting point and its goal,
and the road over which the walk is to be made. His starting point is
Ephesians 1:4-note, His goal is
Ephesians 5:27-note, and His
path of travel is Eph 5:18. God has determined that we shall "walk even as
He (Christ) walked" (1John 2:6). God's goal for every Christian is complete
conformity to the image of His Son, and He would have every step in our
walk bring us that much nearer to the goal.
Such a walk requires on the manward side fullest co-operation with God
(See Php 2:12-note;
Php 2:13-note). It demands a
set purpose, a steady progress, and a strong
perseverance. The Christian
must resolutely purpose to "put off the old man," (Eph 4:22-note;
compare Colossians 3:8-note;
Colossians 3:9-note) and to "put on
the new man" (see Eph 4:24-note; compare
he must not be content without a step-by-step growth "up into Him in all
things"; and be must keep steadily on his course without faltering or
fainting in spite of all opposition by not "giving place to the devil,"
or "grieving the Spirit," (Eph 4:30-note) but rather
by being filled with the Spirit and empowered by Him (Ephesians
But how exceedingly difficult is such a walk! The old habits of life are
so binding; the worldly currents about us are so strong; the temptations
devil are so subtle; the fear of being
considered peculiar is so gripping; the opportunity of fellowship with
spiritually-minded Christians is so limited. To maintain a steady,
sustained consistency in daily conduct is not an easy task. It is far
easier to float downstream with the tide of nominal Christianity; to
drift in the listlessness and lukewarmness of a worldly church; to creep
along as a spiritual babe, fed on the milk of elementary doctrines of
salvation; easier even to mount up with eagle's wing and soar to
spiritual heights of sudden inspiration on some spiritual Mount of
Transfiguration only to relapse into a backslidden condition when facing
the stern realities of Christian living in an unsympathetic atmosphere;
very much easier, even, to run, rising to some particular task such as
teaching a Bible class, or leading a meeting, or preaching a sermon,
than to practice consistently in the home, office, or social circle the
A daily, consistent Christlike walk;
no stagnancy, slump or sloth --
So the aged apostle devotes the very heart of this epistle to telling us
what a worthy walk is. Eight times he uses the word "walk." What shall
we do with this divine standard set for the Christian's walk? We may
reject it as impossible and impracticable, or we may receive it as
possible and livable and rejoice in it, as daily our faithful Father
enables us "to walk even as he walked" by the power of the divine
Wealth, Walk and Warfare of the Christian. Page 86-88).
Boice has explains
walking in a manner worthy in much the same way as Lloyd-Jones
There are some Christians who are primarily intellectual in nature. They
love books, enjoy study, and delight in the exposition of the Bible’s
great doctrinal passages. This is a good thing. It is proper to love
doctrine and rejoice at what God has done for us in Christ. Paul himself
obviously did this; we can tell from the way he has unfolded his
doctrines in the first three chapters of this letter. But the
intellectual believer faces a great danger and often has a great
weakness as a result of failing to overcome the danger. He loves
doctrine so much that he stops with doctrine. He reads the first three
chapters of Ephesians and delights in them; but when he comes to chapter
4 he says, “Oh, the rest is just application. I know all about that.”
Then he skips ahead to the next doctrinal section and neglects what he
perhaps most needs to assimilate.
On the other hand, some Christians are primarily oriented to experience.
They thrive under the teaching found in the second half of this book.
They want to know about spiritual gifts and their own exercise of them.
They are excited about Paul’s teaching about the family and other such
things. This is “where it’s at” for them; they find the doctrinal
section dry and impractical.
But, you see, each of these is an error. Doctrine without practice leads
to bitter orthodoxy; it gives correctness of thought without the
practical vitality of the life of Christ. Practice without doctrine
leads to aberrations; it gives intensity of feeling, but it is feeling
apt to go off in any (and often a wrong) direction. What we need is
both, as Paul’s letters and the whole of Scripture teach us. We can
never attach too much importance to doctrine, for it is out of the
doctrines of God, man, and salvation that the direction and impetus for
the living of the Christian life spring. At the same time, we can never
attach too much importance to practice, for it is the result of doctrine
and proof of its divine nature. (Boice,
J. M.: Ephesians: An Expositional Commentary)
F B Meyer -
The simplest words are the deepest. Take, for example, the word call.
It is constantly on our lips. The shepherd's call to his sheep, the
herdsman's on the hills, the mother's to her child. And God appropriates
it in his dealings with men. He calls them. From the throne of his glory
He speaks to every soul of man once, twice, many times; as when He said
"Samuel, Samuel," or "Saul, Saul." In some solemn hour of decision, in a
moment of awful crisis, by human voice or written word, or by the
pleading and remonstrance of conscience, God's voice may be heard
calling men to Himself, to Heaven, and to a saintly life. On that
call the apostle bases his argument for holiness.
Act worthily of the love which summoned you, and of the goal to which
you have been called.
Stand still and ask yourself before you speak, or act, or decide--Is
this worthy of that great ideal which God has conceived for me, when He
called me from the rest of men to be his priest, his saint, his son? If
not, eschew (avoid habitually especially on moral or practical grounds)
it! (F. B. Meyer. Ephesians - A Devotional Commentary)
from kaléo = to call) means a call and was used for an
invitation to a banquet. In the context of Ephesians the calling is the
sovereign, saving calling of God to the Gentile resulting their receipt
of every spiritual blessing and their new position as fellow heirs,
fellow members of the body and as fellow partakers of the promise in
Net Bible Note says that...
The calling refers to the Holy Spirit’s prompting that caused
them to believe. The author is thus urging his readers to live a life
that conforms to their saved status before God.
The emphasis is upon what God has done, which is the point Paul has been
elaborating in the opening chapters of Ephesians. Because God has set
his hand upon us and called us, changing us from what we were into what
we have now become, we are to live as Christians in this world. (Ibid)
defines klesis as an
"urgent invitation to someone to
accept responsibilities for a particular task, implying a new
relationship to the one who does the calling; the station in life or
social role which one has." Vines defines klesis as "a calling,
is always used in NT of that calling the origin, nature and destiny of
which are heavenly (the idea of invitation being implied); it is used
esp of God's invitation to man to accept the benefits of salvation."
J. P., & Nida, E. A. Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament: Based
on Semantic Domains. United Bible societies)
In the NT the
metaphorical meaning is that of an invitation by God to come into His
Kingdom with all the privileges of a Kingdom citizen...and with all the
responsibilities of such a citizen!
The Westminster Shorter Catechism explains
calling this way...
"Effectual calling is the work of God's Spirit, whereby convincing us of
our sin and misery, enlightening our minds in the knowledge of Christ,
and renewing our wills, he doth persuade and enable us to embrace Jesus
Christ freely offered to us in the gospel."
refers to the divine call by which Christians are introduced into the
privileges of the gospel. God’s invitation (klesis) to man to
accept the benefits of His salvation is what this calling is all about,
particularly in the gospels. It is God’s first act in the application of
redemption according to His eternal purpose (Ro 8:28-note). A distinction is made between God’s calling and
men’s acceptance of it (Mt 20:16).
Hoehner adds that...
calling” refers not only to believers’ salvation (cf. Ro1:5; 1:6-note; 1Co 1:9) but
also to their union in one body. Therefore a Christian’s conduct
concerns both his personal life and his responsibility to other
believers in the church. (Walvoord,
J. F., Zuck, R. B., et al: The Bible Knowledge Commentary. 1985. Victor).
A LENGTHY DESCRIPTION
are those who have been summoned by God...called...
(the following phrases are meant to be read as one long sentence which
gives a Biblical statement regarding
according to His purpose (Ro 8:28-note)
to salvation (Ro 8:30-note),
saints by calling (1Co 1:2),
both Jews and Greeks (1Co 1:24),
having been called....
with a holy (2Ti 1:9-note),
calling (Heb 3:1-note)
out of darkness into His marvelous light (1Pe 2:9-note)
by grace (Gal 1:6)
not from among Jews only, but also from among Gentiles (Ro 9:24-note)
through the "Gospel" that we "may gain the glory of our Lord
Jesus Christ" (2Th 2:14)
and be brought "into fellowship with His Son, Jesus Christ our Lord"
and return in triumph "with Him" at the end of this age (Re
great doctrine of our calling should cause all the "called of Jesus
Christ" to exclaim "Glory!"
makes the distinction between
"general" and "special" calling (similar to the
approach of many evangelical scholars) writing that "By the word "calling" in
Scripture, we understand two things—one, the general call,
which in the preaching of the gospel is given to every creature under
heaven; the second call (that which is here intended) is the special
call—which we call the effectual call, whereby God secretly,
in the use of means, by the irresistible power of his Holy Spirit, calls
out of mankind a certain number, whom he himself hath before elected,
calling them from their sins to become righteous, from
their death in trespasses and sins to
become living spiritual men, and from their worldly pursuits to become
the lovers of Jesus Christ."
Have Been Called
(kaleo) means to speak to another in order to bring them nearer,
either physically or in a personal relationship. The Gentile believers
were supernaturally called into the kingdom of God and its requisite
duties, privileges, and bliss in this world and the world to come.
passive voice is the divine
passive, for it was God Who called them from far off and brought them
near through the Cross of His Son.
the called? In the New Testament, they are those who have heard.
The Lord Jesus made it clear when He said,
"My sheep hear My voice, and I know
them, and they follow Me” (Jn 10:27).
are following someone or something else, you haven’t heard Him, you are
not one of His sheep. The ones who hear and follow Him are the
Let’s not argue about election. It is as simple as this: He
and you answer. If you have answered, you are among the elect, one of
“the called of Jesus Christ.”
assures the Roman Christians that they are
In the writings of both Paul & Peter when they mention "called" ("call",
"calling", etc), the reference is to an "effectual"
call, that is a call which is answered and thus "the called" equates
essentially with those who are "the chosen" or "the elect".
that the Gospels use the term "called"
differently -- in (Mt 22:1-13,14) many were "called" to the "wedding feast" but few
were "chosen", so in the gospels the term "call..." was not synonymous
with an effectual call to salvation.
John MacArthur has a
helpful note explaining that in Matthew 22, "The call spoken of...is sometimes
referred to as the “general call” (or the “external” call)—a summons to
repentance and faith that is inherent in the gospel message. This call
extends to all who hear the gospel. “Many” hear it; “few” respond...
Those who respond are the “chosen,” the elect. In the Pauline writings,
the word “call” usually refers to God’s irresistible calling extended to
the elect alone (Ro 8:30-note)—known as the
“effectual call” (or the “internal” call). The effectual call is the
supernatural drawing of God which Jesus speaks of in John 6:44. Here (in
Matthew's gospel) a general call is in view, and this call extends to
all who hear the gospel—this call is the great “whosoever will” of the
gospel (cf. Rev 22:17-note, Ro 10:13-note). Here, then, is the proper balance between
responsibility and divine sovereignty:
the “called” who reject the invitation do so willingly, and therefore
their exclusion from the kingdom is perfectly just. The “chosen” enter
the kingdom only because of the grace of God in choosing and drawing
J.: The MacArthur Study Bible Nashville: Word Pub)
Andrew Murray (from Living To Please God - Chap 11 - One in the
Spirit -Eph 4:1-3)
The letter to the Ephesians is divided into two
equal parts. In chapters
one through three, we have the divine life in its heavenly origin as
revealed in the heart of man by the Holy Spirit. In chapters four
through six, we see the Christian life in the ordinary conduct of our
daily walk. The two halves correspond to what we said of devotion as an
act and as a habit.
The first three chapters begin with adoration: "Blessed be God...who
hath blessed us" (Eph 1:3-note).
They tell us what all those blessings are and end by glorifying Him who
is able to do above all that we can ask or think. In every act of prayer
and praise, the soul takes its place in the midst of all those riches
and seeks to enter more fully into their possession.
The last three chapters begin with an admonition to walk worthy of our
high calling. We are taught how to show our devotion as a habit in the
common actions of daily life. Devotion lifts us up into the heavenlies
to return to this earth charged with blessings. In all our actions, we
will prove that our whole life is devoted to God alone.
The Evidence Of Our Calling
The opening words of the second half of the letter bring us down to the
roots of the Christian life. The great mark of our high calling is a
Christlike humility. The unity of the Spirit is to be maintained in our
relationships with our fellow believers. Amid all diversity of character
and all the temptations arising from the imperfections of those around
us, the first mark of a life wholly devoted to God is this: "Walk...with
all lowliness and meekness."
To realize the full impact of this command, first look at it in its
connection with the first three chapters. Think of the heavenly
blessings God has given us. Think of the greatness of His power to us
who believe and of the Holy Spirit who reveals that power in us. Through
Him we have access to God in Christ and are built up as a habitation of
God. We are mightily strengthened by Him according to the riches of
God's glory so that Christ can dwell in our hearts.
Take time and form a true conception of the wonderful standard of
spiritual life indicated in these words. The one fruit of this
astonishing revelation of the grace of God and the one mark that you are
truly a partaker of it will be a deep and never ceasing humility. Your
humility proves that God has revealed Himself to you and brought self
and pride down into the dust.
Lowliness and meekness should compromise your attitude toward man as
well as toward God. You can have no surer proof that God's spiritual
blessings in Christ Jesus have reached and mastered a man than his
lowliness and meekness in his relationships with his fellowmen. The
greatness of God's power raised us out of the death with Christ Jesus to
the throne. This same power makes us, like Christ, willing to wear the
servant's robe and do the servant's work. What is impossible with men is
possible with God.
Following Jesus' Example
We see the true Christlike disposition in Paul's words to the
Philippians: "Let nothing be done through strife or vainglory; but in
lowliness of mind let each esteem other better than themselves" (Php
The Master Himself, the meek and lowly Lamb of God commanded us, "Learn
of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart" (Mt 11:29).
Paul emphasizes what he has written by adding, "Let this mind be in you,
which was also in Christ Jesus: Who...took upon him the form of a
servant...and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross"
The self-emptying in the heavenly glory, the form of a servant during
His earthly life, and then the humbling death of the cross--this was the
mind of Christ. Our salvation is rooted in the spirit and practice of a
life like this. Through our lowliness and meekness, as we bear with one
another in love, Christ will be magnified and our hearts sanctified. It
will become obvious to all that we have been with Jesus.
The heart of a servant diligently works to keep the unity of the Spirit
in the bond of peace. It is not what we know or say about the beauty of
love, the unity of the Body, and the power of the Holy Spirit that
proves the true Christian life, Only through our meekness and lowliness
in our daily dealings with our fellow-Christians, even when they tempt
and try us, do we show we will sacrifice anything to maintain the unity
of the Spirit. Jesus gives the name of chief to the servant of all. It
may not be easy, but Christ came from heaven to bring humility hack to
this earth and to work it out in our hearts.
Is the Church teaching the lowliness and meekness of Christ and giving
it the place it holds in the will and Word of God? Do we make an effort
to maintain this standard of Christian living and keep the unity of the
Spirit from being disturbed by pride? In our own search after a deeper
spiritual life, is this meekness and lowliness our heart's desire and
Let this be the first thing we ask of God--a heart humbled by His
infinite love and yielded to His Holy Spirit to work out in us, and in
His Body around us, the blessed likeness of Jesus our Lord. By the
Spirit's grace, humility can become the habit of a life devoted to God.
Let us not forget to link the thought of a Christlike lowliness with the
Holy Spirit and His power. In the power of the Spirit, Christ humbled
Himself on the cross as a sacrifice to God. As we fully yield ourselves
to the life of the Spirit, the meekness and lowliness of our Lord can be
found in us. Let us believe that He can and will work it in us.
Octavius Winslow. Daily Walking with God
The calling here referred to is that inward, effectual calling of which
the same apostle speaks in another place "Among whom are you also the
called of Jesus Christ: to all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called
to be saints." What a glorious vocation is this! To have heard the Holy
Spirit's divine yet gentle voice in the deep recesses of the soul—to
have felt the drawings of the Savior's love upon the heart—to have
listened to a Father's persuasive assurance of a love that has forgotten
all our enmity, forgiven all our rebellion, and that remembers only the
kindness of our youth, and the love of our espousals—"called to be
saints," God's holy ones—called to be sons, the Father's adopted
ones—oh, this were a vocation worthy indeed of God, and demanding in
return our supremest, deepest affection!
The principle upon which this call proceeds, is said to be "according to
His purpose." Thus it is a calling over which we have no control, either
in originating or frustrating it, and therefore there is no ground of
self-boasting. "In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being
predestinated according to the purpose of Him who works all things after
the counsel of His own will." It excludes all idea of merit on the part
of the called. "Who has saved us, and called us with an holy calling,
not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace,
which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began." Oh, yield
your heart to the full belief and holy influence of this truth. Does it
clash with your creed?—then your creed is defective. Does it awaken the
opposition of your heart?— then your heart is not right. Are you really
among the "called of God"?—then ascribe it to His eternal purpose, and
believe that you have no ground of boasting, in the possession of a
favor so distinguished, save in the sovereign will and most free grace
of the most holy Lord God who has called you. Has this call reached you,
my reader? Ministers have called you—the gospel has called
you—providences have called you—conscience has called you—but has the
Spirit called you with an inward and effectual vocation? Have you been
called, spiritually called, from darkness to light—from death to
life—from sin to holiness—from the world to Christ—from self to God?
Examine your heart and ascertain. It is a matter of the greatest moment
that you know that you are truly converted—that you are called of God.
Has the thrilling, life-inspiring music of that call sounded and
reverberated through all the chambers of your soul?
Are we called? Then let us heed the earnest entreaty of the apostle, in
the words of our motto, "I therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech
you that you walk worthy of the vocation with which you are called." Let
the lowliest and the highest vocation of life be dignified and
sanctified by the heavenly calling. Wherever you are, and in whatever
engaged, do not forget your high calling of God. You are called to be
saints; called to a separation from the world; called to a holy,
heavenly life; called to live for God, to labor for Christ; and soon
will be called to be with the Lord forever!