FOR SINCE HE HIMSELF WAS TEMPTED: en ho gar peponthen (3SRAI) autos peirastheis (APPMSN):
The Greek reads more
literally (specifically the literal word order)...
for in that He
suffered, Himself being tempted, He is able to help those who are tempted.
(Young's literal translation)
term of explanation.
Wherever you encounter a "for" used as a term of explanation,
pause a moment to ponder the text - a practice which counters
our tendency toward "passive" reading! As you query the test with
you will be amazed at how wonderfully the Holy Spirit comes alongside to
give you insights that you had never seen before in passages you may have
read a hundred times! As you engage in "active" reading, you are
actually in a sense beginning to
on the passage, a lost
discipline in our fast paced, hi tech society, but a discipline that our
Father promises to richly reward (cp Joshua 1:8-note,
Most of the times
when we encounter a for as a term of explanation, we will be forced
to the preceding context, usually the immediately preceding passage.
However, in the present context, the "for"
indicates that what follows can explain how Jesus' being made like His
brethren in all things has made Him a merciful and faithful High Priest
He Himself was
tempted - Notice that the very fact that Jesus COULD be tempted serves
to authenticate His Humanity! Why can we say this with such assurance?
Because of James clear statement regarding temptation of Deity...
Let no one say when he is tempted, "I
am being tempted by God"; for God cannot be tempted by evil, and He
Himself does not tempt anyone. (James 1:13-note)
sums up some of the major temptations of Jesus...
Jesus experienced hunger when he was
tempted by Satan in the wilderness, thirst when he asked the woman at
Jacob's well for water, weariness when he slept while the storm raged on
the Sea of Galilee, and sorrow when he wept at the grave of Lazarus.
W., & Kistemaker, S. J. NT Commentary Set. Baker Book
from the noun peira =
test from peíro = perforate, pierce through to test durability of
things) is a morally neutral word simply meaning to test. It carries with
it the idea of being "pierced through." (John Phillips) Temptations and
trials are two sides of the same coin -- whether the testing is for a good
(Heb 11:17) or evil (Mt 4:1, James 1:14-note)
purpose depends on the intent of the one giving the test. When the
scriptural context clearly indicates the testing is an enticement to evil,
peirazo is most frequently translated by a form of the English
tempt, which carries that negative connotation. Trials may come from
God or under His permissive will from Satan (Job 1:8, 12), or may be the
result of our own wrong doing. Solicitations to do evil come from
aorist tense points to the fact that
Jesus "having been tempted" is a past completed action and represents a
As an aside, we do
well to study and meditate on the wilderness temptation of Jesus to
discern how He defeated the devil's temptations which were surely as
intense as a temptation could be. We know from Php 2:5-8 that Jesus had
previously "emptied" Himself of His divine prerogatives. Matthew and Luke
teach that Jesus was led by the Holy Spirit (Mt 4:1, Lk 4:1) into the
wilderness where He was tempted, so clearly Jesus was in the will of
the Father (Jn 4:34, 5:19, 30, 6:40, 8:28, 49, 14:10, Mt 26:39, Heb
10:7-9). Luke adds that Jesus was full of the Holy Spirit (Lk 4:1).
And both Matthew and Luke's account record that Jesus refuted Satan's
temptations with the "sword" of the Word of God, specifically
quoting from Deuteronomy. So
what pattern does Jesus give us regarding how we too can experience
victory over temptation?
(1) He was in the will of His Father. (2) He was filled with the Spirit,
controlled by the Spirit and as Luke 4:14 adds empowered by (dunamis
= enabled by) the Spirit. In short, Jesus depended not on His divine
power, but on the will of His Father, the Word of Truth and the Spirit of
Truth to defeat the devil. We do well to imitate His pattern for victory
over temptation! (See discussion of association of filled with the Spirit
and filled with the Word -
Word Study on "Temptation" = peirasmos
James 1:14 -
exposition on temptation
tempted or "put to the test" so to speak, but He did not give in to the
temptation and fall into sin. Jesus "passed the test!"
For we do not have a high priest who
cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but One who has been tempted in
all things as we are, yet without sin. (Heb 4:15)
Paul explains that now as our
Great High Priest...
Christ Jesus is He Who died, yes, rather Who was
raised, Who is at the right hand of God, Who also intercedes for us
tense = He is constantly interceding on our behalf and so
is always ready to come to the aid upon hearing our cry for help!).
Christ did not have
each temptation we have but experienced every kind of temptation a person
can have. He has met our sorrows. He has faced our temptations. He knows
exactly what help we need; and He can come to our aid immediately when we
cry out for help!
Wuest comments that
referred first to the action of putting someone to the test to see what
good or evil is in the one tested, and second, because so many broke down
under the test and committed sin, the word came to mean a “solicitation to
do evil.” Both meanings are in view here. Our Lord in His incarnation as
the Last Adam, was put to the test and was also solicited to do evil (Mt
4:1-11 "Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be
tempted by the devil.")."
K. S. Wuest's Word Studies from the Greek New Testament: Eerdmans)
Tests come into the
life of every believer. Whether the tests becomes a proof of
righteousness (not that passing the test in any way earns
righteousness) or an inducement to evil depends on our response. If we
resist in dependence on the power of the Spirit (cp walk by the Spirit -
the test proves our
faithfulness. If we do not resist in His power (or try to resist by
relying on our
own "power"), the test becomes a solicitation to sin. The Bible uses
in both ways. Be of sober spirit, be on the alert!
The genuineness of Christ’s humanity is
demonstrated by the fact that He was subject to temptation. By
experiencing temptation, Jesus became fully capable of
understanding and sympathizing with His human brethren (cf. He 4:15-note).
He felt the full force of temptation. Though we often yield to
temptation before we feel its full force, Jesus resisted temptation
even when the greatest enticement for yielding had become evident (cf. Lk
J.: The MacArthur Study Bible Nashville: Word
Jesus felt everything we will ever
feel—and more. For example, He felt temptation to a degree that we
could not possibly experience. Most of us never know the full. degree of
resistible temptation, simply because we usually succumb long
before that degree is reached. But since Jesus never sinned, He took the
full measure of every temptation that came to Him. And He was
victorious in every trial.
John: Hebrews. Moody Press
Spurgeon clarifies several basic
truths regarding temptation...
(1) Temptation to sin is no sin.
(2) Temptation does not show any displeasure on God's part:
(3) Temptation really implies no doubt of your being a son of God.
(4) Temptation need not lead to any evil consequences in any case.
(5) Do not make it any cause of complaint that you are tempted.
(6) Far from your hearts be the idea that any temptation should lead you
to despair. Jesus triumphed, and so shall you.
Philip Hughes addresses an
objection to Hebrews 2:18...
Some have objected that only by the
experience of sin could Christ have evinced full fellow feeling with
fallen mankind; but for the incarnate Son to have succumbed to temptation,
while it would certainly have meant his becoming a fellow sinner, would
also have meant his failure and defeat, with the consequence that he would
have been disqualified for the fulfilment of his high-priestly office (cf.
Heb 5:8-10) and unable to come to our aid and lead us in the way of
victory. It is a fallacy also to imagine that the fact that he did not
fall into sin means that he knows less about temptation than those who
have given in to it; for his conquest of temptation, while ensuring his
sinlessness, in fact increased rather than diminished his fellow feeling,
since he knows the full force of temptation in a manner that we who have
not withstood it to the end cannot know it. What good would another who
has failed be to us? It is precisely because we have been defeated that we
need the assistance of him who is the victor. "Sympathy with the sinner in
his trial," writes Westcott, "does not depend on the experience of sin but
on the experience of the strength of the temptation to sin which only the
sinless can know in its full intensity. He who falls yields before the
last strain." The help, moreover, which Christ offers to him who is
struggling in the midst of temptation is offered not merely as man to man,
but as Redeemer to sinner. (A
Commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews - Philip Edgbumbe Hughes)
Illustration - Testing the Bridge
- As the Union Pacific Railroad was being constructed, an elaborate
trestle bridge was built across a large canyon in the West. Wanting to
test the bridge, the builder loaded a train with enough extra cars and
equipment to double its normal payload. The train was then driven to the
middle of the bridge, where it stayed an entire day. One worker asked,
"Are you trying to break this bridge?" "No," the builder replied, "I'm
trying to prove that the bridge won't break." In the same way, the
temptations Jesus faced weren't designed to see if He would sin, but to
prove that He couldn't.
IN THAT WHICH HE HAS SUFFERED:
en ho gar autos peponthen (3SRAI): (He 4:15-note;
By the Devil = Mt 4:1-10;
In the Garden of Gethsemane = Mt 26:37-39; Lk 22:53)
He (Himself) is
emphatic. Contrary to what might have been expected, He suffered.
O Saviour Christ,
Thou too art man;
Thou hast been troubled, tempted, tried;
Thy kind but searching glance can scan
The very wounds that shame would hide.
Suffered (3958) (pascho)
means to feel or bear what is painful, disagreeable or
distressing, either to the body or mind. We suffer pain of body; we suffer
grief of mind. It means to be affected by something from without. It
means to undergo an experience, usually difficult, and normally with the
implication of physical or psychological suffering.
included temptation. He experienced the lure of sin, but He never
surrendered Himself to it. He knows what it is like to be tempted, so He
knows how to assist those who are being tempted.
Suffered is in the
perfect tense which emphasizes that
although the temptation Christ suffered
in the flesh is a thing of the past, its effect is permanent, in the sense
effect of His compassion and understanding remains to aid us in our
reminds us of a truth we often overlook about how Jesus suffered
It is important to note that Jesus
faced the enemy as Man, not as the Son of God. His first
word was, "Man shall not live by bread alone." We must not think
that Jesus used His divine powers to overcome the enemy, because that is
just what the enemy wanted Him to do! Jesus used the spiritual
resources that are available to us today: the power of the Holy Spirit of
God (Matt. 4:1, Ed: Jesus had emptied Himself of His divine
"prerogatives" and as man was fully dependent on the Spirit - Lk 4:1 = led
by and filled with the Spirit, cp our experience > Gal 5:18, Ro
8:14, Eph 5:18, and began ministry in the power of the Spirit = Luke 4:14
- compare our experience > Acts 1:8, Col 1:29 where "His power" =
power of the Holy Spirit Who indwells all believers!, etc), and the
power of the Word of God ("It is written"). Jesus had nothing in His
nature that would give Satan a foothold (John 14:30), but His temptations
were real just the same. Temptation involves the will, and Jesus came to
do the Father's will (Heb. 10:1-9)
W: Bible Exposition Commentary - New Testament. 1989. Victor
The first Adam was tempted in a
beautiful Garden and failed. The Last Adam was tempted in a dangerous
wilderness (Mark 1:13) and succeeded. (Ibid)
We have the Spirit within us,
the Saviour above us, and the Word before us! What tremendous resources
for peace! (Ibid)
We shall never understand anything of
our Lord's preaching and ministry unless we continually keep in mind what
exactly and exclusively His errand was in this world.
A T Robertson summarizes Jesus' suffering noting that
escape the shame of the Cross was early and repeatedly presented to
Christ, by Satan in the wilderness (Mt 4:1-11), by Peter in the spirit of Satan
(Mt 16:22, 23.), in Gethsemane (Mt 26:36-39) and caused intense
suffering to Jesus ("And being in agony He was praying very
fervently; and His sweat became like drops of blood, falling down upon the
ground." Lk 22:44; Heb 5:8)." (Word Pictures
in the New Testament)
As our priest Jesus Christ can help us because He has undergone the same
trials we experience (in body, mind, and emotions) and has emerged
victorious. The testing in view is temptation to depart from
God’s will, specifically apostasy. The picture is of an older brother
helping his younger brothers navigate the pitfalls of growing up
successfully. That is the role a priest plays. (Tom Constable's Expository
Notes on the Bible)
of the great truth that Jesus Who Suffered as a Man is thus "Able to
come to our aid" - Bob Weber, past president of Kiwanis
International, told this story. He had spoken to a club in a small
town and was spending the night with a farmer on the outskirts of the
community. He had just relaxed on the front porch when a newsboy
delivered the evening paper. The boy noted the sign Puppies for Sale.
The boy got off his bike and said to the farmer, "How much do you want
for the pups, mister?" "Twenty-five dollars, son." The boy's face
dropped. "Well, sir, could I at least see them anyway?" The farmer
whistled, and in a moment the mother dog came bounding around the
corner of the house tagged by four of the cute puppies, wagging their
tails and yipping happily. At last, another pup came straggling around
the house, dragging one hind leg. "What's the matter with that puppy,
mister?" the boy asked. "Well, Son, that puppy is crippled. We took
her to the vet and the doctor took an X ray. The pup doesn't have a
hip joint and that leg will never be right." To the amazement of both
men, the boy dropped the bike, reached for his collection bag and took
out a fifty-cent piece. "Please, mister," the boy pleaded, "I want to
buy that pup. I'll pay you fifty cents every week until the
twenty-five dollars is paid. Honest I will, mister." The farmer
replied, "But, Son, you don't seem to understand. That pup will never,
never be able to run or jump. That pup is going to be a cripple
forever. Why in the world would you want such a useless pup as that?"
The boy paused for a moment, then reached down and pulled up his pant
leg, exposing that all too familiar iron brace and leather knee-strap
holding a poor twisted leg. The boy answered,
pup is going to need someone
who understands him to help him in life!"
disfigured by sin, the risen, living Christ has given us hope. He
understands us--our temptations, our discouragements, and even our
thoughts concerning death. By His resurrection we have help in this
life and hope for the life to come. (Brian
Bell, Calvary Chapel, Murrieta)
The moral of this illustration is that Jesus is able to help because
He understands. He is like the young lad, who was able to sympathize
with the crippled pup because he had been crippled.
Spurgeon writes - It is a common-place thought, and
yet it tastes like nectar to the weary heart—Jesus was tempted as I
am. You have heard that truth many times: have you grasped it? He was
tempted to the very same sins into which we fall. Do not dissociate
Jesus from our common manhood. It is a dark room which you are going
through, but Jesus went through it before. It is a sharp fight which
you are waging, but Jesus has stood foot to foot with the same enemy.
Let us be of good cheer, Christ has borne the load before us, and the
blood-stained footsteps of the King of glory may be seen along the
road which we traverse at this hour. There is something sweeter
yet—Jesus was tempted, but Jesus never sinned. Then, my soul, it is
not needful for thee to sin, for Jesus was a man, and if one man
endured these temptations and sinned not, then in His power (The
indwelling Spirit of Christ's power!) his
members may also cease from sin.
Some beginners in the divine life
think that they cannot be tempted without sinning, but they mistake;
there is no sin in being tempted, but there is sin in yielding to
temptation. Herein is comfort for the sorely tempted ones. There is
still more to encourage them if they reflect that the Lord Jesus,
though tempted, gloriously triumphed, and as He overcame, so surely
shall His followers also, for Jesus is the representative Man for His
people; the Head has triumphed, and the members share in the victory.
Fears are needless, for Christ is with us, armed for our defense. Our
place of safety is the bosom of the Saviour. Perhaps we are tempted
just now, in order to drive us nearer to Him.
Blessed be any
wind that blows us into the port of our Saviour’s love!
Happy wounds, which make
us seek the beloved Physician.
Ye tempted ones, come to your tempted
Saviour, for He can be touched with a feeling of your infirmities, and
will succor every tried and tempted one. (Morning and Evening)
SATIATED FISH - We had everything set .for the first bass fishing
expedition of the year. We had exotic new lures that we knew would be
irresistible to those big six-pounders lurking beneath the surface of
our favorite fishing lake. We would tempt them with Sassy Shads,
brightly colored new Hula Poppers, buzz baits, a "killer" red flatfish
with a black stripe, and a white double spinner with long bright
streamers. And, if all else failed, we had some fresh Canadian
crawlers. Out at dawn, we hit all the best spots with our assortment
of delectable temptations. But nothing happened. We worked the shore.
We cast along the weeds. We tried every lure in the tackle box—even
the crawlers. Finally we gave up. Heading back to the cabin, we
"The fish just aren't hungry."
Satan has a whole "tackle box" of alluring devices he uses to tempt us.
Some are gaudy and exotic, easy to spot—yet oh, so tempting. Others
whet our appetites in quiet and subtle ways, appearing harm-less until
the hook is set. Whatever the temptation, we can best resist if we do
not let our thoughts dwell on evil but on things that are true, noble,
just, pure, and lovely (Php 4:8-note).
With mental discipline and the help of the Holy Spirit (Ed: I would
place the emphasis of the power of the Spirit over "mental
discipline!"), we can keep
our hearts full of goodness. Then, in frustration, Satan will have to
say, "They just aren't hungry."—D. C. Egner (Our
Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by
permission. All rights reserved)
(Ed: While reading the Word of God is not a talisman against
temptation, the Word alone satisfies the deepest needs of our soul and
thereby with the Spirit's enablement can fend off devilish temptations
to gratify our greeds.)
away from the devil
leads us one step closer to God.
Fruit of Suffering - Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden, in the midst of
the suffering caused by his complaint, said to his physician, "Tell
me, doctor, are there any who suffer as much as I do?" "Yes, your
highness," replied the doctor; "I have a patient afflicted with the
same disease, and lying on a bed of straw." "On straw!" cried Leopold.
With a trembling hand he rang the bell, and ordered his servants to
have the best bed in the castle taken to the sick man, as well as all
HE IS ABLE TO COME TO THE AID: dunatai (3SPPI) toiz
peirazomenois (PPPMPD) boethesai (AAN): (Jn
10:29; Phil 3:21)
HE IS ABLE!
He is able -
A W Pink writes that this phrase "implies both a fitness and
willingness to do a thing. Christ is both competent and ready to undertake
for His people" William Barclay adds "Because he sympathizes Jesus
can really help. He has met our sorrows; he has faced our temptations. As
a result he knows exactly what help we need; and he can give it."
He is able
statements in - He
Jude 1:24. Indeed, He is Able! Hallelujah! (Study these other passages on
divine enablement and be encouraged that you serve a mighty God Who is
able! Acts 20:32 Mt 3:9, Mt 9:28, Mt 10:28, Ro 4:21, Ro 11:23, Ro 14:4, 2Co 9:8, He 11:19-note,
Jas 4:12, cp Acts 20:32-note).
In short, Jesus is able, because He understands temptation, having been
tempted with an intensity we cannot even imagine and yet not once caving
in to the easy, deceptively gratifying way out! And so Jesus is able to
come to our aid, because He understands what we are experiencing when we
are being tempted.
comments that the words He is able are..
especially important, for they are a
way of talking about God's sovereignty. Some years ago I prepared a
special series of Sunday evening messages for Tenth Presbyterian Church
titled "The God Who Is Able." They were based on seven Bible verses in
which the words God is able (or their close equivalents) occurred. The
"Able to Save" (Heb. 7:25),
"Able to Keep" (2 Tim. 1:12),
"Grace Abounding" (2 Cor. 9:8),
"Able to Help in Temptation" (Heb.
"How to Grow Spiritually" (Eph. 3:20),
"God Is No Quitter" (Jude 24), and
"Able to Raise Our Bodies" (Phil.
There were so many relevant verses that
I didn't even use this text from Romans. My point was that God "is able to
do immeasurably more than all we ask or imagine, according to his power
that is at work within us," as Paul told the Ephesians (Eph. 3:20). For
that is where it all begins and ends. We saw that when we studied the
doxology at the end of Romans 11: "For from him and through him and to him
are all things. To him be the glory forever! Amen" (Ro 11:36). (Amazon.com
Romans 4 Volumes - James Montgomery Boice)
Maclaren explains Christ's ability to feel compassion when His
brethren suffer temptations...
Comfort drops but coldly from lips that
have never uttered a sigh or a groan; and for our poor human hearts it is
not enough to have a merciful God far off in the heavens. We need a Christ
who can be touched with the feeling of our infirmities ere we can come
boldly to the Throne of Grace, assured of there finding grace in time of
Touched with a
He knows our feeble frame;
He knows what sore temptations mean,
For he has felt the same.
With Joy We Meditate the Grace)
Able (1410) (dunamai
[word study]- see also related word
means to have power, whether by virtue of one’s own ability and resources
through a state of mind or favorable circumstances. To be capable, to have
the ability. Dunamai
implies both a fitness and
willingness to do a thing. Christ is both competent and ready to undertake
for His people. If we have not, it is because we ask not.
Able is in the
present tense indicating that Jesus is continually able to help
the tempted because he has perfect sympathy with them. Stated another way, present tense speaks of the fact that "being able" is always true of
Robertson notes that "He is
"strikes the heart of it all. Christ’s power to help is
due not merely to his deity as God’s Son, but also to his humanity without
which he could not sympathize with us (He 4:15)." (Word Pictures in the New Testament)
Expositor's Bible Commentary
"The words "he is able"
are important and mean more than "he helps." Only he who suffers can help
in this way. Jesus went all the way for us. He was not only ready to
suffer, but he actually did suffer." ((Gaebelein,
F, Editor: Expositor's Bible Commentary 6-Volume New Testament. Zondervan
helps us how Jesus can really know how difficult temptation can be...
Think of it this way—which bridge has undergone the greatest stress, the
one that collapses under its first load of traffic, or the one that bears
the same traffic morning and evening, year after year? (Hughes,
R. K. Hebrews: An Anchor for the Soul. Volume 1. Crossway Books;
Volume 2 or
Jesus is a "bridge"
Who is continuously able.
Not only as God He knows our trials, but also as man He knows them by
experimental feeling. (Jamieson, R., Fausset, A. R., Fausset, A. R.,
Brown, D., & Brown, D. Critical and explanatory commentary)
KJV Study Bible...
How much easier it is to help someone
when we ourselves have gone through similar trials! Christ as Man has
fully suffered the greatest of trials and so can ably comfort (cf. 2 Cor.
1:3–5). These suffering Jews needed to hear that Christ had suffered as
they were suffering.
This does not mean that he would not have had “power” to assist others if
he had not gone through these sufferings, but that he is now qualified to
sympathize with them from the fact that he has endured like trials. The
idea is, that one who has himself been called to suffer is able to
sympathize with those who suffer; one who has been tempted, is able to
sympathize with those who are tempted in like manner. One who has been
sick is qualified to sympathize with the sick; one who has lost a child,
can sympathize with him who follows his beloved son or daughter to the
grave; one who has had some strong temptation to sin urged upon himself
can sympathize with those who are now tempted; one who has never been
sick, or who has never buried a friend, or been tempted, is poorly
qualified to impart consolation in such scenes. Hence, it is that
ministers of the gospel are often - like their Master - much persecuted
and afflicted, that they may be able to assist others. Hence, they are
called to part with the children of their love; or to endure long and
painful sicknesses, or to pass through scenes of poverty and want, that
they may sympathize with the most humble and afflicted of their flock.
(Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible)
C H Spurgeon commenting on "He is able" notes that Jesus
"(1) has the right, acquired by His suffering, to enter in among
sufferers, and deal with them.
(2) He has also the disposition to succor them. He obtained that tender
temper through suffering, by being Himself tempted.
(3) And then He has the special ability. Our Blessed Master, having lived
a life of suffering, understands the condition of a sufferer so well that
He knows how to make a bed for him."....
In this we note His pity, that He
should give Himself up to this business of succoring them that are
tempted. He lays Himself out to succor them that are tempted, and
therefore He does not hide Himself from them, nor pass them by on the
other side. What an example is this for us! He devotes Himself to this
Divine business of comforting all such as mourn. He is Lord of all, yet
makes Himself the servant of the weakest. Whatever He may do with the
strongest, He succors " them that are tempted." He does not throw up the
business in disgust; He does not grow cross or angry with them because
they are so foolish as to give way to idle fears. (The Biblical
The fact that God is "able"
is illustrated in God's rhetorical question in the face of Sarah's failure to bear Abraham a son, Jehovah
"Is anything too difficult for the Lord? (the expected
answer of course is "no") At the appointed time I
will return to you, at this time next year, and Sarah shall have a son.”
Later in Hebrews the writer in
reference to Jesus reminds his tested readers that
"Hence, also, He
is able (priests were never able to save even temporarily) to
save (present tense = continually save = see following note)
forever (KJV is more accurate = "uttermost" - to
final perfection or completeness) those who draw near to God through
Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them." (Heb 7:25-note)
Here "salvation" appears to be referring primarily
to sanctification (present
tense salvation) rather than justification (past
tense salvation). To state it another way "save forever"
refers to Jesus' saving work in the sense that He is bringing about God's
desired end, conformity to the image of His Son and ultimately
Paul writes Timothy that as a preacher, an apostle and a teacher he
had suffered and yet his firm declaration remained
am not ashamed; for I know (knowing with
certainty) Whom I have believed (perfect tense = began in the past and has continuing
effect or result, speaks of permanence) and I am
convinced (perfect tense = a settled persuasion regarding the
matter, a fixed and immovable position) that He is able (literally = is powerful enough)
to guard (military term = soldier on watch accountable with his
life to protect that entrusted to his care) what I have entrusted
(“my deposit” as in a bank, the bank of heaven which no burglar can break) to Him until that day."
2 Timothy 1:12)
Jude emphasizes God's inherent
ability to act on our behalf writing the great benediction
Him Who is able (present tense = continually able) to keep (guard = soldier on watch accountable with his
life to protect that entrusted to his care) you
from stumbling, and to make you stand in the presence of His glory
blameless with great joy, to the only God our Savior, through Jesus Christ
our Lord, be glory, majesty, dominion and authority, before all time and
now and forever. Amen." (Jude 1:24, 25)
Paul states that God's enablement
working for and in and through believers is unlimited and beyond our
Now to Him Who is able to do exceeding
abundantly beyond all that we ask or think, according to the power that
works within us, to Him be the glory in the church and in Christ Jesus to
all generations forever and ever. Amen. (See notes
Spurgeon writes that...
this is the reason why he suffered, and
why he became a man capable of suffering, that he might be able to succor
the tempted. It was for this that Christ left heaven,
for this he was born of the virgin, for this he lived for this he died,
that he might be “able to succor them that are tempted.”
Glory be to his holy name for
and ever! Amen.
Jesus, Who pass'd the
Assumed our flesh to bleed and die;
And still He makes it His abode;
As man, He fills the throne of God.
Our next of Kin, our Brother now,
Is He to Whom the angels bow;
They join with us to praise His Name,
But we the nearest interest claim.
ON THE WAY!
Jesus comes running to the cry of
His brethren which is beautifully pictured by a parent
who responds without hesitation to the cry of their child crying out in distress!
Come to the aid
[word study] from boé = at a shout or cry
as for aid or help [only NT use = Jas 5:4="outcry", the cry of the
oppressed] + théo = to run) means literally to run on
hearing a cry from one (in need or danger) to give help, relief, aid
and/or assistance to someone. To hurry or hasten to the help of someone
who is oppressed or in need of assistance. To bring or furnish aid. To assist
supplying what is needed.
The word "help" is very meaningful and
touching. In the original it consists of two smaller words: a cry and run.
In any context in which this word is used it is an earnest and moving
request that the Lord, or whoever the potential helper happens to be, may
rush toward the person who is in need, and may help him. (New
Testament Commentary Exposition of the Gospel According to Mark
Mills writes that boethéo "denotes a loud, ringing cry for
help, thus emphasizing the desperate, helpless state of the supplicant."
(The Acts of the Apostles. 3E Ministries)
Milligan have identified the noun help (boetheia) and the verb
to help (boetheo) repeatedly recurring at the end of petitions in
Greek secular writings (papyri)
THE GREAT PHYSICIAN!
Secular Greek often
used boetheo in the description of a physician according to Kittel
(TDNT). It is interesting that the Gospels uses of boetheo in
situations where individuals address Jesus (the Great Physician) in a
sense "interceding" with Him to come to the aid of loved ones who
are demon possessed. Thus the sense in those passages is to provide
spiritual help and healing. In Paul's vision of the man of Macedonia, the
man appealed to him "Come over to Macedonia and
us" clearly a call to bring the soul healing/saving Gospel to Europe!
Jesus sent help in this case in the form of a His man on the scene, the
Apostle Paul! Paul also
alludes to the saving help of the Gospel in 2Cor 6:2. In short, we see
that most of the NT uses boetheo are in the context of individuals
in need of spiritual
help, even as is true of Hebrews 2:18.
means to relieve - the verb relieve in English means to
free, wholly or partially, from pain, grief, want, anxiety, care, toil,
trouble, burden, oppression or any thing that is considered to be an evil;
to ease of any thing that pains the body or distresses the mind.
JESUS THE SAVIOR
SUCCORS SUFFERING SAINTS
Jesus became a Man of SORROW
that He might become
The One Who able to SUCCOR
means to succor (KJV reads "He is able to
succor them that are tempted") which is a word you may not be too familiar
with, but which means
literally to run to or run to support hence, to help or relieve when in
difficulty, want or distress; to assist and deliver from suffering; as, to
succor a besieged city; to succor prisoners.
(succor is derived from Latin succurrere = to run up, run to help,
from sub- = up + currere to run). (See
below for more discussion of this aspect of Jesus' help to the helpless)
- 8x in 8v and rendered (NAS) as - come to the aid, 1; come to...aid, 1; help, 4;
helped, 2. Boetheo is used 78 times in the Septuagint translation -
e.g., in Ps 121:1 "where does my help come from?" and Ps 124:8 "Our help
is in the Name of the LORD." See also 1Sa 7:12, Ps 28:7, 37:40, 40:13,
44:26, 46:5, 54:4, 70:5, 79:9, 86:17, 94:17, 109:26, 119:86, 175.
Matthew 15:25 But she came and began to bow down (proskuneo
= verb translated "worship" in Mt 15:25KJV!) before (Jesus), saying,
context signifying a petition not a demand)
Wuest: And having come, she fell
upon her knees and touched her forehead to the ground in profound
reverence before Him, saying, Sir,
(Ed: picking up on the present tense)
Comment: The Canaanite woman
pleaded with Jesus to help
her demon-possessed daughter, and in so doing we see her desperation,
her persistence and faith (Read context = Mt 15:21-28,
especially Mt 15:28), her humility, her submission (her
posture of worship), her dependence and her bold confidence
is in the imperative mood - where the imperative expresses a petition,
not a command) in Jesus.
Would it be that more of God's
children had this Gentile woman's desperate, dependent attitude and like
her we would not hesitate to cry out for Jesus to come to our aid when we
find ourselves drowning in the dire straits of temptation and in great
need of His assistance! Do you really believe Jesus will come running to
your aid and has the power to overcome your temptations? Do you cry out
when you are being tempted (Caveat:
I am assuming you have not gone somewhere, done something or looked at
something that has aroused the flesh and the fires of temptation and that
is the pathogenesis of your current strong temptation!)
Mark 9:22 "It (the demon) has often
thrown him both into the fire and into the water to destroy him. But if
You can do anything, take pity (verb form splagchnizomai derived from
splagchnon) on us and
Comment: Do not miss the
association - His great pity for us precedes His matchless help for us!
The aorist imperative is a petition that seeks instant help! "Now not
later please" is the idea!
Mark 9:24 Immediately the boy's father
cried out and said, "I do believe;
Hendriksen comments on "help"
in present imperative: "Continue moment by moment and day by day to
come to my aid, so that I may overcome my unbelief."
Acts 16:9 A vision appeared to Paul in
the night: a man of Macedonia was standing and appealing to him, and
saying, "Come over to Macedonia and
Comment: The man of Macedonia in using the plural for
himself speaks for Europe, and his cry for help Europe’s
need of Christ. Paul recognized a divine summons in the vision.
Hughes helps us understand the picture of the verb boethéo
remarking that: This was one of the great turning points of history,
and we should thank God for it, for as a result the gospel has come to us
in the West. Nothing makes a person strong like hearing someone cry for
help! You can be walking down the street completely fatigued so that
you would like to lie down on the curb and go to sleep, but then you hear
a cry—someone is in trouble!—and you completely forget
your weariness. Paul and his associates moved forward in the power of
Christ’s strength. (Hughes,
R. K.. Acts: The Church Afire. Preaching the Word. Wheaton, Ill.: Crossway
Books) (Bolding added)
Acts 21:28 (Context = Acts 21:27-29) Unbelieving Jews from Asia who were
in Jerusalem to celebrate Pentecost "upon seeing (Paul) in the
temple (of Herod), began to stir up all the multitude and laid
hands on him, (then they began continually) crying out, “Men of
come to our aid
imperative)! (boethéo -
Acting as though Paul had committed an act of blasphemy, they called for
help in dealing with it - a vivid picture of the meaning of running to the
aid of one who cries out for aid!). This is the man who preaches to all
men everywhere against our people, and the Law, and this place; and
besides he has even brought Greeks into the temple and has defiled this
holy place. For they had previously seen Trophimus the Ephesian in the
city with him, and they supposed that Paul had brought him into the temple.
2 Corinthians 6:2 for He says, "AT THE
ACCEPTABLE TIME I LISTENED TO YOU, AND ON THE DAY OF SALVATION I HELPED
YOU." ("I ran to your cry and
brought you aid" = Wuest) Behold, now is "THE ACCEPTABLE TIME
(now is a propitious, favorably disposed, epochal season)," behold, now is "THE DAY OF
Comment: Paul is addressing the
Corinthians, saved (who were not living in grace) and/or unsaved (who had
never received grace) warning them not to receive the grace of God in
vain. He quotes the Septuagint (Greek of the Hebrew OT) of Isa 49:8.
But the earth helped
the woman (Metaphor for Israel), and the earth opened its mouth and drank
up the river which the dragon poured out of his mouth.
is used in Hebrews in the exhortation
Let us therefore (based on the truth of
draw near with confidence to the throne of grace, that we may receive
mercy and may find grace to help in time of need. (Hebrews 4:16-note)
Comment on "time of need": Greek
adjective eukairos (eu = well, good +
= opportunity) = seasonable,
timely, opportune, at the right time, well-timed, in season, timely.
Mk 6:21 = only other NT use. BDAG = "in our lit. only pert. to time
that is considered a favorable occasion for some event or circumstance,
well-timed, suitable." A T Robertson = well-timed help, help
in the nick of time, before too late.
Vincent on "time of need": Lit.
for seasonable help, or help in good time; before it is too late; while
there is still time to seek God’s rest. Others, however, explain, when it
is needed; or, before temptation leads to sin.
Ryrie comments: His grace comes
when we come in our time of need, and not until. (Ryrie Study
The cognate adjective
is used in Hebrews 13:6-note
where we read
The Lord is my Helper [boethos - the One Who responds to my
call for help], I will not be afraid. What shall man do to me?
Comment: This is the only NT
uses of Boēthós which is
common (45 uses) in the
Septuagint (Lxx), the first
use describing the wife as
a man's helper (Ge 2:18). The writer of Hebrews uses boethos to describe
the Lord as poised and ready to run to the relief of His tempted/afflicted
children. When? When they cry out for His assistance. Crying out
reflects humility, a sense of dependence, a laying aside of self-reliance,
that dangerous tendency we all "run to". One has to make a choice to cry
out to Jesus! Are you too proud or too self sufficient to cry out?
HELP FROM ANGELS
HELP FROM JESUS
makes a distinction between the help angels give and the help given
by our merciful and faithful
High Priest, Who...
stands ready to help us! He was
tempted when He was on earth, but no temptation ever conquered Him.
Because He has defeated every enemy, He is able to give us the grace that
we need to overcome temptation. The word “succour” (boethéo
"Come to the aid") literally means “to run to the cry of
a child.” It means “to bring help when it is needed.” Angels are able to
serve us (Heb 1:14-note),
but they are not able to succor us in our times of temptation. Only Jesus
Christ can do that, and He can do it because He became a man and suffered
and died. (Wiersbe,
W: Bible Exposition Commentary. 1989. Victor) (Bolding added)
Wuest commenting on Hebrews 2:18
How precious to know that when we are being tempted, the Lord Jesus always
stands ready, eager to run to our cry and bring us aid.
Word Studies from the Greek New Testament)
The help that he brings is
twofold: in the first place, forgiveness of sins, the annulment of past
defeats, and, in the second place, the power (his power) to fight and
overcome temptation. His own conquest of temptation means for the
Christian that the dominion of sin over him has been broken (Ro 6:14-note).
These two realities, forgiveness and power, are present in the passage
before us. (A
Commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews - Philip Edgbumbe Hughes)
A W Pink adds that we need to
Who He is, the God-man. Remember the experiences through which He passed!
He, too, has been in the place of trial: He, too, was tempted—to distrust,
to despondency, to destroy Himself. Yes, He was tempted “in all points
like as we are, sin excepted.” Remember His present position, sitting at
the right hand of the Majesty on high! How blessed then to know that He is
“able” both to enter, sympathetically, into our sufferings and sorrows,
and that He has power to “succor.” (Pink,
A W: An Exposition of Hebrews)
As Man, a man of sorrows,
Thou hast suffered every woe,
And though enthroned in glory now,
Canst pity all Thy saints below.
KJV Study Bible
How much easier it is to help
someone when we ourselves have gone through similar trials! Christ as Man
has fully suffered the greatest of trials and so can ably comfort. These suffering Jews needed to hear that Christ had suffered as they
were suffering." (Bolding added. King James Version Study Bible.
Nashville: Thomas Nelson)
As Paul reminds us
be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and
God of all comfort; Who comforts us in all our affliction so that we may
be able to comfort those who are in any affliction with the comfort with
which we ourselves are comforted by God. For just as the sufferings of
Christ are ours in abundance, so also our comfort is abundant through
Christ." (2 Co 1:3-5)
MacArthur adds that
Ours is not a cosmic God, powerful and holy, but indifferent. He knows
where we hurt, where we are weak, and where we are tempted. He is the God
we can go to not only for salvation but for sympathy." (MacArthur,
J.: The MacArthur Study Bible Nashville: Word Pub)
Now He is a
merciful and faithful High Priest; we can depend on Him! He is able to
succor us when we come to Him for aid. The word succor means “to run when
called for” and was used of physicians. Christ runs to our aid when we
call Him! (Wiersbe,
W. W. Wiersbe's Expository Outlines on the New Testament. Wheaton, Ill.:
This is the most powerful preservative against despair, and the firmest
ground of hope and comfort, that ever believing, penitent sinners could
desire or have."
are three things," says Dr. Owen, "of which tempted believers do stand in
need: 1. Strength to withstand their temptations; 2. Consolations to
support their spirits under them; 3. Seasonable deliverance from them.
Unto these is the succour afforded by our High Priest suited; and it is
variously administered to them: 1. By his word or promises; 2. By his
Spirit; (and, that, 1. By communicating to them supplies of grace or
spiritual strength; 2. Strong consolation; 3. By rebuking their tempters
and temptations; ) and 3. By his providence disposing of all things to
their good and advantage in the issue." Those who are peculiarly tempted
and severely tried, have an especial interest in, and claim upon Christ.
They, particularly, may go with boldness to the throne of grace, where
they shall assuredly obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.
Were the rest of the Scripture silent on this subject, this verse might be
an ample support for every tempted soul."
Although the word
is not used, Matthew gives us a blessed illustration of Jesus' succoring
or coming to the aid of one in need recording the story of Peter walking
on the water
"but seeing the wind, he became afraid, and beginning to
sink, he cried out, saying, “Lord, save me!” And immediately Jesus
stretched out His hand and took hold of him, and said to him, “O you of
little faith, why did you doubt?” (Mt 14:30, 31)
Jesus' response is a vivid picture of what He will do for us beloved. And
what was the condition? He cried out and so too must we. It is a humbling
thing to cry out in need to another but God is opposed to the proud but
gives grace to the humble. If a man or woman is willing to humble
themselves in the presence of the Lord, he will lift them up!
ABLE TO SUCCOR
THOSE WHO ARE BEING TEMPTED
E. A. Thomson has this quote in regarding the succor
provided by our Savior Who has suffered slings similar to His saints...
If ever I fall into a surgeon’s hands with broken bones, give me one whose
own bones have been broken.” How can those who have never known what
illness is, enter with the tenderness of a perfect fellowship into the
chambers of the sick? or how can those who have never known a want
understand with a matter-of-fact experience the anxieties of the poor and
needy? (The Biblical Illustrator)
The writer's point is this - Jesus
is the Great Physician Who knows! He is able. He is ready to come to your
cry for aid. Cry out beloved. His is the same One today Who yesterday
Is My hand so short that it cannot ransom? Or have I no power to deliver?
Behold, I dry up the sea with My rebuke, I make the rivers a wilderness...
Later in Isaiah He answers declaring
Behold, the LORD'S hand is not so short that it cannot save. Neither is
His ear so dull That it cannot hear. (Isa 59:1)
In a similar statement
It is found by experience that childbearing women are more pitiful (Ed:
mercy filled) to others in their travails than such women as are barren.
The like may be said of such as are afflicted with any painful malady. (Ed:
Jesus is mercy filled [Heb 2:17-note,
because His cup of trials and temptations suffered was filled to the brim
beloved!) (The Biblical Illustrator)
Charles Haddon Spurgeon
concerning "JESUS SUCCORING.
He is able to succor them that are tempted. In this we note His
pity (mercy), that He should give Himself up to this business of succoring them
that are tempted. He lays Himself out to succor them that are tempted,
and therefore He does not hide Himself from them, nor pass them by on the
other side. What an example is this for us! He devotes Himself to this
Divine business of comforting all such as mourn. He is Lord of all, yet
makes Himself the servant of the weakest. Whatever He may do with the
strongest, He succors “them that are tempted.” He does not throw up the
business in disgust; He does not grow cross or angry with them because
they are so foolish as to give way to idle fears." (The Biblical Illustrator)
Spurgeon goes on to discuss Jesus' "methods
of succoring them that are tempted" listing out four areas as follows
(1) Usually by giving a sense of His sympathy.
Sometimes by suggesting precious truths, which are the sweet antidote for
the poison of sorrow.
Sometimes He succors His people by inwardly strengthening them. (Ed:
Cp Eph 3:16 where the Spirit of Christ is the One through Whom
I have known the Lord bless His people by making them very weak. The next
best thing to being strong in the Lord is to be extremely weak in
yourself. They go together, but sometimes they are divided in experience.
It is grand to feel, “I will not struggle any more; I will give all up,
and lie passive in the Lord’s hand." Spurgeon then draws his discussion to a
conclusion asking two questions "Where else can you go?. Where better
can you go?" (The Biblical Illustrator)
Jeremy Irons asks
Now shall I tell you how our Lord “is able to succor” you? It is just
simply by revealing Himself. “I am thy salvation”; “It is I; be not
afraid.” It comforts, it cheers, it upholds. Just observe what
encouragement here is for faith to the followers of the Lord Jesus Christ.
Having Himself “suffered, being tempted, He is able to succor them that
are tempted.” He has the fulness of grace; “all power is given to Him in
heaven and in earth” (Mt 28:18); it is in His own hands, and He is “full
of grace and truth.” (Jn 1:14) “He is able to succor them that are
tempted.” “Well,” say you,” is He willing?” Suppose I reverse the
question: Are you willing
that He should? or are you looking somewhere else for succor? Are you
willing that He should do it in His own way?"
(The Biblical Illustrator)
G. Lawson writes regarding our Savior's ability to succor His brethren that
saying is, “None so merciful as those who have been miserable”; and they
who have not only known misery, bat felt it, are most powerfully inclined,
not only to inward compassion, but to the real relieving of others
miserable. And this was a contrivance of the profound wisdom of that God,
who is infinitely knowing and merciful, to find a way how to feel misery
and be merciful another way. This was by His Word assuming flesh, that in
that flesh He might be tempted violently and suffer most grievously; and
all this that He might be more merciful and effectually succor sinful man."
(The Biblical Illustrator)
W. F. Adeney writes that Christ is
able to succor
By His knowledge and sympathy He can give just such grace as is needed.
Pathology must precede therapeutics. The diagnosis of disease is the first
duty of the physician, and it is the most difficult; when that is
successfully accomplished, the prescription follows almost as a matter of
course. (The Biblical Illustrator)
W. A. Bridge asks
"HOW DOTH HE
SUCCOR those that are tempted in the day and time of their
1. Christ succors tempted souls before the
temptation comes sometimes, by a special manifestation of Himself, His
love and fulness, to them. Again, He succors before the temptation by
filling the heart with the Holy Ghost. When the vessel is filled with one
liquor, it keeps out another.
2. He succors also under temptation
by opening the eyes of him that is tempted to see that it is but a
temptation. A temptation is half-cured when a man knows that it is but a
temptation: when a man’s eyes are open to see the tempter and the
temptation. Therefore men are so hardly cured, because they are hardly
persuaded that it is a temptation. When they see that, then they say, “Get
thee behind me, Satan.” Christ opens their eyes. Again, He succors under
temptation, by letting fall some glimpse of His love, some love-look upon
a tempted soul. And so, when Peter was in the high priest’s hall, Christ
looks upon him, and he went out and wept bitterly.
temptation He succors: by filling the heart with joy unspeakable and full
of glory; by sending the angels to minister: as when the devil left
Christ, had tempted Him and left Him, then came the angels and ministered
to Him. Every way — before temptation, and in temptation, and after
temptation — the Lord Jesus Christ is a succoring Christ to tempted
souls. He was a Man of Sorrows that He might be a God of succors; His
heart is full of succors." (The Biblical Illustrator)
DOES YOUR FRAME
Unger has an
interesting note on ancient ships...
The imperfection of the build, and the
tendency to strain the seams, led to taking on board “helps” (Gk.
boetheia), cables or chains (apparatus for securing a leaking vessel),
that in case of necessity could be passed around the hull, at right angles
to its length and made tight—a process called frapping in the
Luke uses the noun
boetheia in his description of the storm
tossed ship in (Acts 27:17), writing that
they had hoisted (the lifeboat) up, they used supporting cables (boetheia)
in undergirding the ship and fearing that they might run aground on the
shallows of Syrtis, they let down the sea anchor, and so let themselves be
Comment: In Acts 27:17 "boetheia"
refers specifically a rope or chain for frapping a vessel
to keep the beams from separating. Frapping (derived from Mid French [fraper] to draw tight as with
ropes or cables) means a lashing binding a thing tightly or binding things
In nautical terms, this procedure of passing ropes under the ship to hold
it together is termed frapping. Frap is a nautical term that means to draw tight, to lash down or
together. So in the midst of the storm in Acts 27 the sailors wrapped cables around
the ship’s hull and winched them tight. Thus supported, the ship would be
better able to withstand the severe pounding of wind and sea.
you see the word picture inherent in the Biblical use of (verb -
boethéo, noun - boetheia) in other verses? From time to time
all saints encounter unexpected storms with potentially destructive wind
and waves and find themselves in desperate need of our
great Captain, Jesus, to batten down the hatches, sending His help that we
might be able to endure the stormy trial or temptation, emerging on the
other side of the "storm" intact, even unscathed! That's supernatural!
That's what happens when we cry out for the Savior's succoring!
Beloved Jesus is able to run to your
when He hears your cry for His help.
Perhaps right now you need to take a moment
and like the Canaanite woman above (click), bow down in worship (even singing the hymn
below), reminding yourself that your Helper Jesus is truly ready, able and willing to
run to your assistance no matter the "size or shape" of your test
WE HAVE IN JESUS
Play Piano Version
Friend we have in Jesus, all our sins and griefs to bear!
What a privilege to carry everything to God in prayer!
O what peace we often forfeit, O what needless pain we bear,
All because we do not carry everything to God in prayer.
Have we trials and temptations? Is there trouble anywhere?
We should never be discouraged; take it to the Lord in prayer.
Can we find a friend so faithful who will all our sorrows share?
Jesus knows our every weakness; take it to the Lord in prayer.
Are we weak and heavy laden, cumbered with a load of care?
Precious Savior, still our refuge, take it to the Lord in
Do your friends despise, forsake you? Take it to the Lord in
In His arms He’ll take and shield you; you will find a solace
Blessed Savior, Thou hast promised Thou wilt all our burdens
May we ever, Lord, be bringing all to Thee in earnest prayer.
Soon in glory bright unclouded there will be no need for prayer
Rapture, praise and endless worship will be our sweet portion
OF WHO ARE
TEMPTED: toiz peirazomenois (PPPMPD):
(1Cor 10:13; 2Cor 12:7, 8, 9, 10; 2Pet 2:9; Revelation 3:10)
A T Robertson
rightly taking note of the context of the entire letter says...
These Jewish Christians were daily
tempted to give up Christ, to apostatize from Christianity. Jesus
understands himself ([autos]) their predicament and is able to help them
to be faithful.
F B Meyer comments on those who
are (continuously being) tempted rightly noting that...
Within that circle we all stand. Each is
tempted in subtler, if not in grosser, forms; in extraordinary, if not in
ordinary, ways. You have been trying, oh, so hard, to be good; but have met
with some sudden gust, and been overcome. Tempted to despair! Tempted to
yield to Potiphar's wife! Tempted to become a brute! No lawn without the
fowler's snare! No day without its sorrow! No night without its noisome
pestilence! No rose without its thorn! Do we not need succor? Certainly; and
he is able to succor the tempted, because he has suffered the very worst
that temptation can do. Not that there was ever one symptom or thought of
yielding; yet suffering to the point of extreme anguish, beneath the test. O
sufferers, tempted ones, desolate and not comforted, lean your heads against
the breast of the God-Man, whose feet have trodden each inch of your thorny
path; and whose experiences of the power of evil well qualify him to
strengthen you to stand, to lift you up if you have fallen, to speak such
words as will heal the ache of the freshly gaping wound. If he were
impassive, and had never wept or fought in the Garden shadows, or cried out
forsaken on the cross, we had not felt him so near as we can do now in all
hours of bitter grief. O matchless Saviour, on whom God our Father has laid
our help, we can dispense with human sympathy, with priestly help, with the
solace and stay of many a holy service; but thou art indispensable to us, in
thy life, and death, and resurrection, and brotherhood, and sympathizing
intercession at the throne of God! (Click
F B Meyer's note from The Way into the Holiest)
from the noun peira =
test from peíro = perforate, pierce through to test durability of
things) is a morally neutral word simply meaning “to test” or to try.
Whether the test
is for a good (as it proved to be in Heb 11:17) or evil (Mt 4:1 "Then
Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by
the devil") depends on the intent of the one giving the test and also on
the response of the one tested. (See study of similar word
is a morally neutral word that means try, to prove in either a good
or bad sense, and so to tempt or test by soliciting to sin. Note that "tempted"
is in the
(continuous activity or action) and
passive voice (exerted on subject from an outside source or force -
but in the case of believers actually includes an "inside force" in a
sense - his or her own lusts that have base camp in the old nature
inherited from Adam and still resident in our physical bodies) and is
therefore more accurately translated "are continuously being tempted".
The fact that this is the reality in all of our lives is another reason
believers should not get up each morning and leave home without putting on
their "work clothes", the full armor of God (e.g.,
2Cor 10:3-5) and without the proper
mindset that they are living sacrifices, who must constantly choose not to
be conformed to the world but be transformed by the renewal of their mind.
Ro 6:11-13, 16, 19)
God gives a blessed promise to all
who are being tempted that
"No temptation (or test - this Gk
word has no negative connotation) has overtaken you but such as is
common to man (characteristic of mankind, i.e., no one is
superhuman and immune to temptations - they are part of every person's
experience) and God is faithful, who will not allow you to be
tempted beyond what you are able (i.e., we sin because we want to,
not because the devil made us for no temptation is stronger than our
spiritual resources), but with
temptation will provide
the way of escape also,
that you may be able to endure it."
Take comfort in the fact that God is faithful and
trustworthy. Note that “the way out” is always
presented right along with the temptation. The definite
in English and in Greek) with both “temptation” and “way
of escape” points to a specific way of escape (i.e., there is
only one way) available in each temptation. Note also that we escape
temptation not by getting out of it but by passing through it, God
seeing us through by enabling us to endure or bear up under.
Believers can trust Christ to help
us survive suffering and overcome temptation.
Beloved, what trial or
temptation are you facing right now that you need Christ to face with you?
When you are suffering, facing seemingly insurmountable trials and
temptations, run to the Lord for His strength and His patience. He
understands your needs and is ever able to come to
your aid upon hearing your cry of distress.
"His heart is made of tenderness,
His soul is fill'd with love.
"Touched with a sympathy within,
He knows our feeble frame;
He knows what sore temptations mean,
For he has felt the same.
"Then let our humble faith address
His mercy and his power;
We shall obtain delivering grace,
In every trying hour."
John MacDuff (in Palms of
Elim) has these devotional thoughts...
THE SYMPATHY OF JESUS
"This is the resting place, let the
weary rest; and this is the place of repose"—"Because He Himself
suffered when He was tempted, He is able to help those who are being
tempted." Hebrews 2:18
There can be no more gracious
whisper from the leaves of the Heavenly Palm than this. What a
magnitude of comfort to every sorrowing one, the simple declaration,
"He Himself suffered when He was tempted!" Jesus the Incarnate God,
"the Living Kinsman" (Job 19:25), had a mysterious identity of
experience with His suffering, and with His tempted people; so that
nothing can happen to the members but what has happened to the Head.
They can feel that no sorrow shades their souls but the same darkened
His. "As He is," so are they "in this world" (1 John 4:17). He
Himself—the thorn-crowned King—knows every thorn which pierces them,
every pang of spirit and pang of body. The loss of beloved friends,
the treachery of false ones, temptation to distrust God's providence,
to pervert and misapply His Word, to question the wisdom and reason of
His dealings, the forecastings of a dark and troubled future; yes, the
saddest and most intolerable woe that can crush and overbear the
soul—the sense of Divine desertion—the withdrawal of the countenance
of His Heavenly Father. Oh, the unutterable solace in the darkest hour
of earthly suffering, to look up to the Brother in our nature—the
"prevailing Prince" who has "power with God," and to say, "He Himself
suffered when He was tempted!"
When we first contemplate this
amazing theme, the identity of experience seems to be partial and
incomplete. Jesus, we are led to say, was never 'tempted' as we have
been. Temptations might assail, but they could never overcome His
sinless, spotless, uncontaminated humanity. He never could know,
therefore, the sorest part of these our struggles, when through its
own weakness the soul has at last to succumb to the hurricane, and is
haunted with the terrors of remorse!
Yes! but let us remember it was the
very fact of the Infinite purity of the tempted One which imparted, in
His case, the saddest element to temptation. How inconceivable the
recoil of the refined and exquisite sensibilities of His holy nature
from the presence of sin. And, with these unchanged human
sensibilities in His glorified state, how deeply must He still
sympathize with the case of His assaulted people! How tenderly must He
feel for every wound of His soldiers, seeing that He, the Captain of
their salvation, was Himself "made perfect through sufferings."
Afflicted believer! rejoice that
sorrow and suffering have (if the expression dare be used) assimilated
Christ with you, and you with Christ, in this your trial-hour. With
what a divine significance, augmented and intensified by subsequent
experience, can He say, "I know your sorrows." If you are bleeding
under some peculiarly heavy infliction of the rod, ready to say in the
bitterness of your grief, "No one knows, no one can gauge the depth of
my anguish," THE SYMPATHY OF JESUS can—He does! "He knows our frame,
He remembers that we are dust." With reverence we say it, God—the
Omnipotent, Omniscient God—cannot, with all infinitude of His nature,
sympathize. He can compassionate; but He cannot sympathize in the way
of feeling with us. Sympathy requires, as its two conditions, identity
of nature and identity of experience. "We have such an High Priest;"
One who is said to be (not touched with our infirmities), but "touched
with the feeling of our infirmities."
Our beautiful motto-verse gives
more comfort still. The words affirm not merely that Christ has
identity of experience—a passive sympathy with His tried people—He is
also the helper of the tempted, "He is able to support those who are
If He is summoning any of us to difficult and perplexing duty, or
exacting from us some heavy sacrifice, or even apparently placing us
in the way of peril and temptation, He will not allow the burden to
crush, or the temptation to overcome, or the fiery trial to consume.
He will keep us in the crucible as long, but no longer than He sees to
be absolutely needful to test our faith and purify Christian graces.
All that concerns us and ours is in His hands.
Oh, as we see the Angels of
Tribulation with their sevenfold vials issuing forth from the gate of
heaven (see note
blessed to know that they are marshaled, commissioned by the great
Lord of Angels, the once suffering but now exalted Redeemer! In
Zechariah's vision (Zech 1:8) of "the man on the red horse"—behind Him
were angels and providences—the "black and speckled white horses." But
He is between them, ordering, regulating, appointing, all that befalls
His people, trusting their persons and fortunes not even to an angel's
care, without His own guidance, sanction, and direction.
And when the last hour arrives
(which, however varied be our other experiences, we must all
encounter), is it not here that His sympathy—the sympathy of
fellow-feeling—is most of all valued? He can endorse even this closing
experience with the words, "I know it." To the living Christian in his
season of affliction, He can say, "I am He who lives." But to the
dying Christian He can add, "I am He who was dead." "I know well,
through the memories of My cross and passion, the conflict of that
final struggle-hour! I know, what it is, O Believer, to die! And
because I know this, I can make Palms of comfort to spring up and
overshadow you on the brink of Jordan as well as in the wilderness!
Fear not to pass what I have passed! Feel amid these buffeting billows
that they have swept over Me. And with the thought of Me as your
Precursor, and of My deathless exalted sympathy, sing, as you plunge
into the stream, "Behold, the Ark of the covenant of the Lord of the
whole earth passes over before me into Jordan!" (Joshua 3:11).
"As often, with worn and weary
We tread earth's rugged valley o'er,
The thought, how comforting and sweet!
Christ walked this toilsome path before!
Our needs and weaknesses He knows,
From life's first dawning to its close.
"Just such as I, this earth He trod,
With every human ill but sin;
And though indeed the very God,
As I am now, so He has been.
My God, my Savior, look on me
With pity, love, and sympathy!"
"Learn from Me, for I am gentle and
humble in heart."
John MacDuff in The
Pillar in the Night has these devotional thoughts on Jesus...
THE GREAT SYMPATHIZER
"The Lord went before them by night
in a pillar of... fire." - Ex 13:21
"For in that He Himself has suffered being tempted, He is able to
support those who are tempted."—Heb. 2:18.
"I know their sorrows."—Ex 3: 7.
"In the world you shall have tribulation: but be of good cheer; I have
overcome the world."—John 16:33.
He suffered! Sorrowing one, what a gleam of the Pillar-cloud is
He suffered! What are all your most agonizing afflictions
compared with what He endured for You!
He suffered—poverty, weariness, privation, hunger, thirst,
grief, and the minor other ills that flesh is heir to. These, however,
were but the surface-heavings of the deeper depths of woe—the assaults
of men and the malignity of devils, cruel innuendoes, savage
indignities; the loss or desertion of beloved friends; the treachery
of trusted associates: that, also, in the case of a nature sensitively
strung alike physically and spiritually. "Reproach," said He, "has
broken My heart."
He suffered more profoundly still. There was a mystery of
anguish in Gethsemane which mortal tongue cannot tell, or imagination
conceive. No wonder it is described with an emphasis belonging to no
other—"THE Agony." Its undefined dreadfulness is worded in the Greek
Litany by "Your sufferings known and unknown." What mean these drops
of blood oozing from His brow? What means the thrice-uttered prayer,
in a paroxysm of woe, "Let this cup pass from Me"? (Matt. 26:39). What
means the climax and consummation of all, when the very sun, in the
words of Jeremy Taylor, "put on sackcloth, as if ashamed to confront
the spectacle of its expiring Creator": when the wail was evoked from
parched and dying lips—the bitterest cry that ever rose from earth to
heaven—"My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me"?
He suffered. Of Him alone could the words be said—"All Your
waves and Your billows have gone over me." Well may He have addressed
the question, first to His disciples and then to His suffering
children of all ages—"Can you drink of the cup which I drink of, and
be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with?" With an intense
pathos of which the afflicted patriarch knew nothing, He could make
the appeal to a whole world of weepers, "Have pity upon me, have pity
upon me, O you, my friends, for the hand of God has touched me!" (Job
He suffered. But the lesson from these sufferings for you and
for me is to watch how, in this melancholy gloom, shone the Pillar of
Fire! See His perfect and profound resignation! He takes the cup,
whatever that mystic emblem may mean, with trembling hand. Humanity in
its weakness, rather humanity in its very strength, utters an "If it
be possible"—the prayer of His suffering children still—"let it pass."
But it is only for the moment. The bitter chalice is drained to the
dregs. Three times He recedes from the edge of the abyss and its
"horror of great darkness." But it is a momentary recoil—no more. He
plunges in! Self-surrender, heroic obedience, unmurmuring submission
can go no farther. His own will is now, as ever, submerged in the
Divine—"Not as I will, but as You will." He ceases not in the
prolonged conflict until He could utter the cry waited for by all
time, and which sends its prolonged echoes through eternity—"It is
Though we have selected the closing hour of all, He was, during the
entire period of His earthly life, "the Faithful and True Martyr" (see
Revelation 1:5). Well may a
writer speak of "the fascination of that mournful life-story, so
infinite in its pathos and so profound in its wisdom, the most
touching of scenes, and the most impressive of tragedies…the loving
and gracious Man of Sorrows, listening to every plaint of weakness,
and helping every troubled heart to bear its burden, even while on His
own there rested the burden of a world's salvation" (Present Day
Reader, I know not what the circumstances of your suffering are. More
than probable they may be identical in kind, though not in degree,
with those of your suffering Lord.
(1) They may be physical. As was noted at greater length in a
previous chapter, it is only those conversant with a couch of
lingering pain who can testify to the reality. The sudden close of the
windows, long open to the cheering light of day; the drawn blinds; the
tossing from side to side in the hopeless battle with
wakefulness—opiates giving, at the best, transient moments of
relief—only to renew the pitiless struggle: "Saying in the morning,
'Would God it were evening!' and in the evening, 'Would God it were
That pain—that physical pain—on the Cross, He suffered! There were, as
I have just said, other reasons of infinitely more tremendous
significance which convulsed His soul. But one reason for His being
subjected to the pangs of an agonized body, undoubtedly was, that He
might impart to every child of anguish His own experimental exalted
sympathy. In our hours of prostration, weakness, and weariness—when in
their prolonged vigils we may be tempted at times "to faint when we
are rebuked of Him," the whisper trembling on parched lips—"Why all
this discipline of pain? Why this cruel cross to bear? Where is the
wisdom? Where is the love?"—we may think of a Divine fellow-sufferer
subjected without any mitigation—(for the very anodyne offered was
refused)—to the intensest bodily torture. "Consider Him that
endured…lest you be weary and faint in your minds" (see note
(2) Your sufferings may be mental. Harassment, unkindness,
ingratitude, the barbed shafts of malice and slander, all the more
grievous to bear if sent winged from the quiver of a friend. It may be
anxiety about a beloved relative, the subject of slow disease, around
whose couch the too ominous shadows are gathering—"life balanced in a
breath." It may be the agony of bereavement, when the long
alternations of hope and fear have ended—the vacant niche in your
heart—the vacant chair in your home—the cherished name on the
gravestone. Or, it may be, in your own case, wasting disease too
surely pointing to the fatal termination—this involving the severance
of holiest ties, and leaving dear ones solitary and alone to do battle
with adversity. These and many such, though varying in their outer
form and complexion, your great suffering Master knew in their fullest
measure. Yes, inclusive of the last-mentioned; when, Himself racked in
agony, He had that agony intensified by the sight of a fond mother
jostled amid the crowd that surged around, and made sport of His dying
moments; the sword too truly piercing her own heart, as the nails were
lacerating the Body at whose feet she crouched.
The refrain of the present meditation is, He suffered; and because He
suffered, says the Apostle in our motto-verse, "He is able to
support." We have quoted more than once, as suggested by the name of
this book, the words which emanated from the Jehovah of the
Pillar-cloud, the opening syllables in that drama of the Exodus and
the desert; let them be repeated in their most appropriate form here:
"I have seen, I have seen the affliction of My people, for I know
their sorrows." His whole life, from Bethlehem's manger to Calvary's
cross, formed an empathetic commentary and fulfillment. He knew—He
knows, every heart-throb of His suffering Israel in every age. He is
no god or demi-god of Pagan mythology, who lives in unsympathetic
isolation amid the clouds of Olympus, all in ignorance of the travail
of a sin-stricken, woe-worn world. From deepest experience He is
cognizant of every pang that rends the soul. If one of earth's
kingdoms is the Kingdom of Sorrow, He is its King. The crown on His
head was a crown of thorns, and, being so, the scepter in His hand is
the scepter of kingly sympathy.
It is recorded of Alexander the Great, that he touched with his crown
a wounded soldier in the ranks, and that at the touch there were the
tinglings of new life. It is so in a diviner, heavenly sense. Christ
touches our wounds with His double crown—the crown of thorns as the
Human Sympathizer, and the crown of glory as Head over all. It is the
thorn-crown which forms the special theme of our present meditation. I
always like the conjunction of the two clauses in the familiar
Litany—"Pitifully behold the sorrows of our hearts…O Son of David,
have mercy upon us!" It was the Lord of the Pillar-cloud, the God-Man,
of whom it is touchingly said, "So He was their Savior. In all their
afflictions He was afflicted, and the angel of His presence saved
them: in His love and in His pity He redeemed them, and He bore them,
and carried them all the days of old" (Isaiah 63:8, 9). "It is Christ
alone," beautifully says Pere Didon, in his Life of Jesus, "who
teaches the joy of suffering, because it is He alone who pours into
the soul a Divine life which no pain can overwhelm; which trial only
strengthens, and which can despise death, because it permits us to
face it with the fullness of immortal hope."
My brother, trust this Great Sympathizer, "who, for the joy that was
set before Him, endured the Cross." Conquer as He conquered, by a
noble submission and self-surrender to the will of your Father in
heaven. While you take trial for granted as a part of His appointed
discipline, hear the Lord of sorrow encouraging you from His own
example and victory—"In the world you shall have tribulation: but be
of good cheer; I have overcome the world."
We read of Him that "being in an agony He prayed the more earnestly."
"Who in the days of His flesh, when He had offered up prayers and
supplications with strong crying and tears unto Him that was able to
save Him from death, and was heard (as it has been rendered) because
of His reverent submission" (Heb. 5:7). Is not that saying
impressive—"He became obedient unto death"? It was a gradual effort
requiring Divine self-sacrifice. But it was given, and the triumph was
assured. Let this, also, afflicted one, be the sanctified result, in
your case, of the Cup which the same Father has put into your hands.
"Be more courageous," are the words of Francis de Sales, "in your
trials, cherish them carefully, and thank God for vouchsafing to give
you ever so small a share in His dear Son's cross."
"Rejoice inasmuch as you are partakers of Christ's sufferings; that
when his glory shall be revealed, you may be glad also with exceeding