2 Timothy 4 Resources

Click chart to enlarge
Charts from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission
Another Overview Chart - 2 Timothy - Charles Swindoll
2 Timothy 1:1-18 2 Timothy 2:1-26 2 Timothy 3:1-17 2 Timothy 4:1-22
the Standard
Divide the Word
Difficult Times
Will Come
the Word
Foundation of
Christian Service
Pictures of
Christian Servant
Dangerous Times for
Christian Servant
Commission of
Christian Servant
Unashamed as a
the Gospel
Unashamed as a
Suffer for
the Gospel
Adequate as a
Continue in
the Gospel
Awarded as a
the Gospel
Power of
the Gospel
Perseverance of the Gospel Message Protection of
the Gospel
Proclamation of
the Gospel
Reminder Requirements Resistance Requests
in Ministry
in Ministry
in Ministry
to Fulfill Ministry
& Charge
to Fulfill
to Face
to Finish

Compiled from Jensen's Survey of the NT and Wilkinson's Talk Thru the Bible


Explanation - The following list includes not only commentaries but other Christian works by well known evangelical writers. Most of the resources below are newer works (written after 1970) which previously were available only for purchase in book form or in a Bible computer program. The resources are made freely available by archive.org but have several caveats - (1) they do not allow copy and paste, (2) they can only be checked out for one hour (but can be checked out immediately when your hour expires giving you time to read or take notes on a lengthy section) and (3) they require creating an account which allows you to check out the books free of charge. To set up an account click archive.org and then click the picture of the person in right upper corner and enter email and a password. That's all you have to do. Then you can read these more modern resources free of charge! I have read or used many of these resources but not all of them so ultimately you will need to be a Berean (Acts 17:11+) as you use them. I have also selected works that are conservative and Biblically sound. If you find one that you think does not meet those criteria please send an email at https://www.preceptaustin.org/contact. The resources are listed in alphabetical order by the author's last name and some include reviews of the particular resource. 


The Bible Exposition Commentary - Ephesians through Revelation  -  Warren Wiersbe

Rosscup - One of America’s most appreciated staunchly evangelical Bible conference teachers gives diligent, refreshing expositions. These are all of his 23 separate, earlier books in the “Be” series on the New Testament. He strikes a particular appeal with lay people as he crystallizes sections, deals with some of the verses, handles certain problems and backgrounds and applies principles. He is premillennial.

Be faithful (1 & 2 Timothy, Titus) by Wiersbe, Warren Or here - Be ready

1 & 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon : it's always too soon to quit! by Wiersbe, Warren 

Wiersbe's Expository Outlines on the New Testament by Wiersbe, Warren W

Cyril Barber - This is a book of exceptional merit. Pastors, missionaries, and Christian workers will profit from its use. Wiersbe introduces each book of the NT, provides an outline, and then furnishes his readers with a chapter-by-chapter discussion of the contents. The homiletic style is a “plus.” Recommended.

With the Word - Devotional Commentary - Warren Wiersbe - 428 ratings - Chapter by chapter. Helpful insights.

The Preacher's Outline & Sermon Bible : New Testament, King James Version - Acts, Romans, 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians - This is a very useful resource which always includes numerous related cross-references. It will be of aid to you preaching and teaching. 

Exposition of the Pastoral Epistles by Hendriksen, William, 

James Rosscup - As usual, Hendriksen is detailed and offers much aid in word meanings, possible views which he documents, and full discussion of the passages. His commentary is one of the finer works for serious students.

The pastoral epistles : an introduction and commentary by Guthrie, Donald,

James Rosscup - A recent work, this has a good introduction, but the commentary lacks detail. The author is better known for his three-volume work on New Testament introduction. This book is helpful, especially for an up-to-date conservative answer to critical views concerning introductory matters. The revisions are not extensive since the 1957 edition.

1 and 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon, Hebrews, James by Morris, Leon,

The message of 2 Timothy : guard the Gospel by Stott, John R. W.

James Rosscup - An articulate and well-organized exposition of Second Timothy that is very suggestive for messages on the epistle. Though brief, Stott has quite good insight into the meaning of verses and has a rare ability to state truth succinctly.

Cyril Barber - The first volume in a new series entitled The Bible Speaks Today. Deserves to be read by all who are interested in living dynamically for Christ. Highly recommended. 2

See also II Timothy : standing firm in truth : 8 studies with commentary for individuals or groups by Stott, John R. W

1 & 2 Timothy and Titus : to guard the deposit by Hughes, R. Kent, Rosscup ranks the #3 (out of 6) expositional commentary.

Cyril Barber - The authors include personal anecdotes in these commentaries, and this gives their work a downto-earth quality. They adhere to the text and are not afraid to champion interpretations (e.g., of 1 Timothy 2:11-12) that are unpopular in today’s milieu. Anyone teaching or preaching on these “pastoral” epistles will find considerable help in these pages.

James Rosscup - Hughes does the Timothys, Chapell Titus, both giving frequently refreshing survey expositions along homiletically useful, applicational lines for pastors, teachers, students, and laity. Illustrations occur often, and solid explanation in between is not always present (cf. I Tim. 2:1–2; and v. 8, the significance of raised hands). On some texts basic explanation is quite good (2:11–15), yet on v. 15 the light hint at a meaning does not give much to go on (cf. also on 4:10, 16, or 2 Tim. 4:8, in the latter a vagueness on the NT “crown” concept). Overall, the treatments help mostly on often choice illustrations and pastoral applications, and this is well worth the time.

The letters to Timothy and Titus by MacDonald, William (2003) 148 pages.

Pastoral Epistles by Mounce, William D

James Rosscup - Here is one of the best three exegetical works in recent years for advanced students and teachers wanting detail (cf. also Marshall and Knight). The 641 big pages, in typical WBC form, provide much detailed grappling with grammar, word study, context, background, customs, etc., while showing helpful sources from voluminous awareness on issues. Mounce is open to Pauline authorship, and usually puts forth solid help by carefully explaining data.

Cyril Barber - Defends the Pauline authorship, but adopts a vacillating approach to passages dealing with gender roles. Some disturbing elements are to be noted in Mounce’s presentation, for example his statement that “there is no salvation apart from discipleship” (p. 434). This is a very full work and the judicious reader has much to gain from it.

The letters to Timothy and Titus by Towner, Philip H.,

James Rosscup - Favoring authorship by Paul (30–32), Towner provides a succinct, lucid commentary that sometimes explains verses or parts of them, sometimes ignores things (as “especially those who believe,” 4:10; “save both yourself and your hearers,” 4:16; or 2 Tim. 4:8, where the words do not really resolve Towner’s idea that a faithful life is necessary for receiving a crown, final righteousness, with this being of grace and not earned). Overall, the work seems below average, a mixture of being of some help and of little help, this depending on which verse. It will be of mediocre benefit only to those wanting a cursory, yet easily flowing guide. It grew out of Towner’s Ph. D. dissertation under I. Howard Marshall at the University of Aberdeen, Scotland, but does not approach Marshall’s usual kind of serious explanation.

The Pastoral Epistles : studies in 1 and 2 Timothy and Titus by Kent, Homer Austin,

James Rosscup - This is a fairly detailed exposition that usually gives various views on many of the larger interpretive problems and provides reasons for the view favored. Kent uses his own translation. The outline is very clear, and the evangelical exposition is geared for Bible college students, pastors desiring a brief, knowledgeable survey that comes right to the point without being technical, and laymen wanting a commentary that will satisfy them without losing them.

Cyril Barber - This exemplary study has stood the test of time. Now, in this new, revised edition, Kent's commentary should continue to enjoy wide-spread acceptance. 2

1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus by Johnson, Luke Timothy

James Rosscup - A highly regarded scholar provides clear results of great industry in older and newer thought. One gains access to much on word study, exegetical details, ways of grasping Paul’s meaning, and literature that probes issues. Johnson is confident that Paul was the author. The work is quite worthwhile in opening up many parts of the books.

Cyril Barber - Begins with the reasons for the neglect of the Pastorals, but ignores the effect those who have denied their Pauline authorship has had on others. Provides new ideas on the values inherent in these canonical works.

The interpretation of st. paul's epistles to the colossians, to the thessalonians, to timothy, to titus and to philemon by R.C.H. Lenski - Lutheran commentator who writes excellent notes. 

1 and 2 Timothy, Titus by Fee, Gordon D; Gasque, W. Ward

James Rosscup - This is a reworking of his 1984 work in the Good News Commentary (San Francisco: Harper and Row). As in his work on I Corinthians, Fee is clear in most cases (not easy to follow when he gets too terse), capable on Greek grammar and local setting, unity and integrity of the books. Each section has a summary. He aims to be of help to teachers, preachers and students. His belief is that Paul authored the books and wrote to meet specific situations in the churches, not to give a manual for the church as some have held. The work has switched from the GNT to the NIV. Fee is evangelical.

The communicator's commentary. 1, 2 Thessalonians, 1, 2 Timothy, Titus by Demarest, Gary W (Now published as the Preacher's Commentary)

First and second Timothy and Titus by Oden, Thomas C

Cyril Barber - Defends the Pauline authorship as well as two Roman imprisonments for the apostle Paul. Provides the kind of comments on the text that preachers will find most helpful.

1 & 2 Timothy and Titus by Gangel, Kenneth - This is more like a workbook with questions and short explanatory notes

Walking in power, love, and discipline - 1 Timothy  and 2 Timothy and Titus by Arthur, Kay,

The pastoral epistles : based on the Revised Standard Version by Hanson, Anthony T

The faithful sayings in the pastoral letters by Knight, George W. (George William), 1931-


Note: The first 4 resources have no time restriction and allow copy and paste function: 

(1) KJV Bible Commentary - Hindson, Edward E; Kroll, Woodrow Michael. Over 3000 pages of the entire OT/NT. Well done conservative commentary that interprets Scripture from a literal perspective. Pre-millennial.  User reviews - it generally gets 4/5 stars from users. - 372 ratings

Very well done conservative commentary that interprets Scripture from a literal perspective   user reviews 

The King James Version Bible Commentary is a complete verse-by-verse commentary. It is comprehensive in scope, reliable in scholarship, and easy to use. Its authors are leading evangelical theologians who provide practical truths and biblical principles. Any Bible student will gain new insights through this one-volume commentary based on the timeless King James Version of the Bible.

(2) The King James Study Bible Second Edition 2240 pages (2013) (Thomas Nelson) General Editor - Edward Hindson with multiple contributing editors. . 3,194 ratings. Pre-millennial. See introduction on How to Use this Study Bible.

(3) NKJV Study Bible: New King James Version Study Bible (formerly "The Nelson Study Bible - NKJV") by Earl D Radmacher; Ronald Barclay Allen; Wayne H House. 2345 pages. (1997, 2007). Very helpful notes. Conservative. Pre-millennial.  917 ratings

(4) The Wycliffe Bible Commentary - only the New Testament (for OT see below to borrow) - 1126 pages. (1971) Everett F Harrison - Editor of New Testament. Uses the KJV.  Strictly speaking not a study Bible, but short notes are similar. KJV text in left column, commentary notes in right column. The comments are generally verse by verse, short, conservative and to the point. Pre-millennial.

Quote from Henry Alford (1810-1871 - not a dispensationalist!) on Revelation 20 - "It will have been long ago anticipated by the readers of this Commentary, that I cannot consent to distort words from their plain sense and chronological place in the prophecy, on account of any considerations of difficulty, or any risk of abuses which the doctrine of the millennium may bring with it. Those who lived next to the Apostles, and the whole Church for 300 years, understood them in the plain literal sense: and it is a strange sight in these days to see expositors who are among the first in reverence of antiquity, complacently casting aside the most cogent instance of consensus which primitive antiquity presents. As regards the text itself, no legitimate treatment of it will extort what is known as the spiritual interpretation now in fashion.”

Dictionary of Biblical Imagery - free for use online with no restrictions (i.e., you do not need to borrow this book). Editors Leland Ryken, J C Wilhoit, Tremper Longman III - This is a potential treasure chest to aid your preaching and teaching as it analyzes the meaning of a host of Biblical figures of speech. Clue - use the "One-page view" which then allows you to copy and paste text. One downside is there is no index, so you need to search 3291 pages for entries which are alphabetical. 

Zondervan NIV Study Bible - (2011) 2570 pages  - Use this one if available as it has more notes than edition below. One hour limit

NIV Study Bible by Barker, Kenneth L; Burdick, Donald W (1995) 2250 pages. This is the first edition. This resource has been fully revised in 2020. One hour limit 

Believer's Bible Commentary - OT and NT - MacDonald, William (1995) 2480 pages. Conservative. Literal. Often has very insightful comments. John MacArthur, says "Concise yet comprehensive - the most complete single-volume commentary I have seen." Warren Wiersbe adds "For the student who is serious about seeing Christ in the Word." One hour limit.

Rosscup - This work, originally issued in 1983, is conservative and premillennial, written to help teachers, preachers and people in every walk of life with different views, explanation and application. The 2-column format runs verse by verse for the most part, usually in a helpfully knowledgeable manner, and there are several special sections such as “Prayer” in Acts and “Legalism” in Galatians. The premillennial view is evident on Acts 1:63:20Romans 11:26Galatians 6:16, Revelation 20, etc.

HCSB Study Bible : Holman Christian Standard Bible - General Editor Jeremy Royal Howard (2010) 2360 pages. Conservative. Good notes. Include Holmans excellent maps. One hour limit

Life Application Study Bible: Old Testament and New Testament: New Living Translation. Has some very helpful notes especially with application of texts. 4,445 ratings One hour limit

The MacArthur Study Bible - John MacArthur. Brief but well done notes for conservative, literal perspective. 1,275 ratings

ESV Study Bible - Excellent resource but not always literal in eschatology and the nation of Israel 6,004 ratings

The David Jeremiah Study Bible - (2013) 2208 pages. 2,272 ratings Logos.com - "Drawing on more than 40 years of study, Dr. David Jeremiah has compiled a legacy resource that will make an eternal impact on generations to come. 8,000 study notes. Hundreds of enriching word studies"50+ Essentials of the Christian Faith" articles."

Wycliffe Bible Commentary - Charles Pfeiffer - 1560 pages (1962). 214 ratings Less detailed than the KJV Bible Commentary. Conservative. Notes are generally verse by verse but brief. 

Rosscup - Conservative and premillennial scholars here have been experts in their fields. The work contains brief introductions and attempts to give a verse-by-verse exposition, though it does skip over some verses. The treatments vary with the authors, but as a whole it is a fine one-volume commentary for pastors and students to use or give to a layman. Outstanding sections include, for example: Whitcomb on Ezra-Nehemiah-Esther; Culver on Daniel; Ladd on Acts; Harrison on Galatians; Johnson on I Corinthians; and Ryrie on the Johannine Epistles.

The Defender's Study Bible : King James Version by Morris, Henry M. Excellent notes by well known creationist. 45 ratings 

New Bible Commentary - (1994) See user reviews

Compact Bible commentary by Radmacher, Earl D; Allen, Ronald Barclay; House, H Wayne, et al - 954 pages.  424 ratings Multiple contributors to the comments which are often verse by verse. The comments are brief but meaty and can really help your study through a given book. A sleeper in my opinion. 

The Experiencing God Study Bible: the Bible for knowing and doing the will of God - Blackaby, Henry (1996) 1968 pages - CHECK THIS ONE! Each chapter begins with several questions under the title "PREPARE TO MEET GOD." Then you will interesting symbols before many of the passages. The chapter ends with a "DID YOU NOTICE?" question. This might make a "dry chapter" jump off the page! Read some of the 48 ratings

NLT Study Bible (Illustration Version) 

Disciple's Study Bible: New international version 54 ratings Not that helpful for verse by verse study. Focuses on application of Christian doctrines. 10,000 annotations; doctrinal summaries, "Life Helps" section relate doctrine to everyday discipleship. 

The Living Insights Study Bible : New International Version - Charles Swindoll. Notes are good but somewhat sparse and not verse by verse.

The Apologetics Study Bible Understand Why You Believe by Norman Geisler

NIV Archaeological Study Bible (2005) 2360 pages 950 ratings (See also Archaeology and the Bible - OT and NT)

"Readers who desire a more intimate knowledge of the historical context of the Bible will appreciate the NIV Archaeological Study Bible. Full of informative articles and full-color photographs of places and objects from biblical times, this Bible examines the archaeological record surrounding God’s Word and brings the biblical world to life. Readers’ personal studies will be enriched as they become more informed about the empires, places, and peoples of the ancient world. Features include: • Four-color interior throughout • Bottom-of-page study notes exploring passages that speak on archaeological and cultural facts • Articles (520) covering five main categories: Archaeological Sites, Cultural and Historical Notes, Ancient Peoples and Lands, the Reliability of the Bible, and Ancient Texts and Artifacts • Approximately 500 4-color photographs interspersed throughout • Detailed book introductions that provide basic, at-a-glance information • Detailed charts on pertinent topics • In-text color maps that assist the reader in placing the action "

NIV Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible. Bringing to Life the Ancient World of Scripture Keener, Craig and Walton, John. Editors (2017)

The Holman Illustrated Study Bible 120 ratings Includes the excellent Holman maps but otherwise of little help in serious study.

Zondervan King James Version Commentary - New Testament

NIV Celebrate Recovery Study Bible

Daily Study Bible for Women : New Living Translation

The Woman's Study Bible : the New King James Version

The Study Bible for Women : Holman Christian Standard Bible

Daily Study Bible for Men : New Living Translation

NIV Topical Study Bible : New International Version

Ryrie Study Bible - Charles Ryrie (1978) 2142 pages. Conservative.  216 ratings 

Ryrie Study Bible Expanded Edition (1994) 2232 pages

The Hebrew-Greek Key Study Bible : New American standard study by Strong, James, 1822-1894; Zodhiates, Spiros 

The New Inductive Study Bible : updated New American Standard Bible - Introductions of each book give suggestions how to perform an inductive study on that specific book. Not strictly speaking a "study Bible" with notes but a Bible to help you study inductively. Has wide margins for making notes. This is one that works best in "paper," not digitally. 

With the Word - Devotional Commentary - Warren Wiersbe - 428 ratings

Evangelical Commentary on the Bible - Judges by Andrew Boling (20 pages); editor Walter Elwell (1989) 1239 pages. User reviews. (See also Boling's 380 page commentary on Judges the Anchor Bible Series)

Halley's Bible Handbook Henry H. Halley - (2000) 2720 pages (much larger than original edition in 1965 and no time limit on use). (Halley's Bible handbook : an abbreviated Bible commentary - one hour limit 1965 872 pages)

Rosscup - A much-used older evangelical handbook bringing together a brief commentary on Bible books, some key archaeological findings, historical background, maps, quotes, etc. It is helpful to a lay Bible teacher, Sunday School leader, or pastor looking for quick, pertinent information on a Bible book. This is the 72nd printing somewhat revised. Halley packed in much information. Unger’s is better overall, but that is not to say that Halley’s will not provide much help on basic information.

The Shaw Pocket Bible Handbook - Editor - Walter Elwell (1984) 408 pages.

"This hardback is small in size but packed full of content: Brief summaries of every book of the bible, cultural, archaeological and historical info, word definitions, pictures, maps and charts." Worth checking! 



James Rosscup writes that "This was the great work in the life of the versatile Dean of Canterbury. An outcome of this production was the New Testament for English Readers (4 vols.). Alford was a Calvinist, conservative and premillennial, though not dispensational. He takes a literal interpretation of the thousand years in Rev. 20 and has a famous quote there, is strong on sovereign election as in Ro 8:29, 30 and 1Pe 1:2, but, unfortunately, holds to baptismal regeneration in such texts as Titus 3:5 and John 3:5. He shows a great knowledge of the Greek text and faces problems of both a doctrinal and textual nature." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)

John Piper writes ""When I’m stumped with a...grammatical or syntactical or logical [question] in Paul, I go to Henry Alford. Henry Alford...comes closer more consistently than any other human commentator to asking my kinds of questions."

Charles Haddon Spurgeon writes that this text "is an invaluable aid to the critical study of the text of the New Testament. You will find in it the ripened results of a matured scholarship, the harvesting of a judgment, generally highly impartial, always worthy of respect, which has gleaned from the most important fields of Biblical research, both modern and ancient, at home and abroad. You will not look here for any spirituality of thought or tenderness of feeling; you will find the learned Dean does not forget to do full justice to his own views, and is quite able to express himself vigorously against his opponents; but for what it professes to be, it is an exceedingly able and successful work. The later issues are by far the most desirable, as the author has considerably revised the work in the fourth edition. What I have said of his Greek Testament applies equally to Alford’s New Testament for English Readers,* which is also a standard work." (Spurgeon, C. H. Lectures to my Students, Vol. 4: Commenting and Commentaries; Lectures Addressed to the students of the Pastors' College, Metropolitan Tabernacle)

DON ANDERSON The Twelve Steps to a Fantastic Finish

Click here to Listen to Audio Studies on 2 Timothy

2 Timothy study guides: 

2 Timothy Teacher Notes - related to preceding lectures

2 Timothy Study Notes - 1800 pages on detailed notes! 




See Caveats regarding Barclay's theology which was not always orthodox. This resource is listed because he gives some excellent background and helpful word studies. 

His word studies are often exceptional but see "The Enigmatic William Barclay" which discusses some of Barclay's unorthodox teachings. The upshot is "Be a Berean" (Acts 17:11-note)

James Rosscup: This is a lucid and well-organized exposition of the epistles with many helpful lists on different facets of truth John can have in mind at different points as on “light” and “darkness” in I John 1:5. There is stimulating background material and warm application. (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An annotated bibliography of selected works).

D Edmond Hiebert - Prints the author's own translation. A series of popular studies whose strong point is word study. Contains good illustrative material. Part of the author's interpretation follows a liberal position. Barclay holds that Christ's descent into Hades gave those who there heard Him a second chance.







Rosscup - Earlier this was published in The Cambridge Greek Testament (Cambridge: University, 1922). It is one of the finest older works which grapples seriously with the Greek. Bernard was a fine scholar in his day.

BIBLE.ORG RESOURCES Resources that Reference 2 Timothy





D Edmond Hiebert - A concise, conservative, phrase-by-phrase interpretation by a missionary in India who understands the positions of Timothy and Titus in the light of his own missionary experience.










  • Reflections on 2 Timothy - 81 page commentary in Pdf
  • 2 Timothy 4:1-2: Ministry of the Word - 100 page treatise - Discussion of 2 Timothy 4:1ff begins on page 46. Below are topics covered at length
  • 1. THE DIVINE MANDATE - page 46
    2. PREACH THE WORD - page 47
    3. ON TEACHING METHOD - page 51
    4. LEARNING BY DOING - page 55
    5. THE USE OF STORIES - page 59
    7. NOTES AND DELIVERY - page 67
    9. REFUTE! REBUKE! REMIND! - page 73
    10. GOD GIVES THE INCREASE - page 76



GEORGE CLARKE "Designed for Pastors and Sunday Schools"







EDWARD DENNETT Expository Sermons





JUSTIN EDWARD Family Bible New Testament








PATRICK FAIRBAIRN The Pastoral Epistles




GENE GETZ Bible Principles Short Videos

  • 2 Timothy 4:1-5Fulfilling Our Ministry: Since we will all appear some day before God and Jesus Christ, we are to diligently fulfill our ministry. Video
  • 2 Timothy 4:6-8Being Faithful: With God's help, our goal should be to live our lives without regrets. Video
  • 2 Timothy 4:9-18A Loyal Friend: When even those we've loved and trusted fail to be true and loyal friends, we are to focus on the Lord Jesus Christ who will never forsake us. Video

GOSPEL COALITION  Sermons Most are Mp3's






H. HARVEY, D.D. Well Done Verse by Verse Commentary.








ILLUSTRATIONS ON 2 TIMOTHY from 10,000 Illustrations Bible.org


Cyril Barber - Continuously in print for 50 years, having made its debut in 1947. Ironside always has something good to say. He is easy to read, evangelical, and provides deft applications of the truth to life. One limitation of this revision is the use of the KJV when some other modern translation (e.g., NKJV) would have better served the needs of modern readers. Otherwise, this exposition is lucid and ideal for lay Bible study.

James Rosscup - He is staunchly evangelical, showing good broad surveys based on diligent study, practical turns, even choice illustrations. In prophecy he is premillennial dispensational....Many preachers have found that Ironside works, read along with heavier books on details of exegesis, help them see the sweep of the message and prime their spirits for practical relevance.

John Cereghin - Ironside, Harry A., Expository Notes on the Epistles of James and Peter, 1947, 41 pages. Brief devotional exposition. He attacks hyper-Calvinism (68); denounces the error of “soul sleep” (73); suggests that angels may refer to Genesis 6 (82-83); teaches the Premillennial coming of Christ (98). A practical and devotional exposition. Reprinted from the 1904 edition. 


Rosscup - This is a helpful old set of 1863 for laypeople and pastors to have because it usually comments at least to some degree on problems. Though terse, it provides something good on almost any passage, phrase by phrase and is to some degree critical in nature. It is evangelical. There is also a 1-volume edition, briefer at some points (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1961). Especially in its multi-volume form this is one of the old evangelical works that offers fairly solid though brief help on many verses. Spurgeon said, “It contains so great a variety of information that if a man had no other exposition he would find himself at no great loss if he possessed this and used it diligently” (Commenting and Commentaries, p. 3). Things have changed greatly since this assessment! It is primarily of help to pastors and lay people looking for quick, though usually somewhat knowledgeable treatments on verses.

Spurgeon - A really standard work. We consult it continually, and with growing interest. Mr. Fausset’s portion strikes us as being of the highest order. 

My Comment - This is one of the best older (Pre-1800) works on interpretation of prophecy as it tends to interpret the text literally and not allegorically.

Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged


James Rosscup - A thorough explanation which usually deals with problems perceptively and mentions differing views. This is one of the better commentaries of recent decades. Held in high respect by scholars, the effort concludes for authenticity of the epistles and carries on a judicious exegesis while often being quite instructive in reasoning.


James Rosscup - The two books above are expositional studies of I and II Timothy respectively. They are based on the English text and are outstanding popular treatments with many thoughts provocative for the preacher and the teacher. The very interesting writing style makes them ideal to recommend to laymen. King, a noted spiritual life speaker in his day, has given much rich food for thought here, presenting it simply yet in provocative words. 

Here is the book to borrow - To my son : an expositional study of II Timothy

STEVE KRELOFF - Messianic Jewish Pastor

  • Effective Proclamation - 2 Timothy 4:1-2
  • A Faithful Minister's Focus - 2 Timothy 4:1-5
  • Effective Proclamation - 2 Timothy 4:1-2
  • The Urgency of the Hour (Part 1) - 2 Timothy 4:3-5 
  • The Urgency Of The Hour (Part 1) - 2 Timothy 4:3-5
  • The Urgency of the Hour (Part 2) - 2 Timothy 4:6-8
  • The Urgency Of The Hour (Part 2) - 2 Timothy 4:6-8 
  • Proclamation Under Adversity - 2 Timothy 4:9-22


LANGE'S COMMENTARY - J. J. Van Oosterzee

D Edmond Hiebert -  Oosterzee, J. J. Van, "The Pastoral Letters," J. P. Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. Translated from the German.  (1863). The abundant material is in three sections: exegetical and critical; doctrinal and ethical; homiletical and practical. A full evangelical treatment by a Dutch Reformed minister and theologian of the past century.

James Rosscup - The treatments of books within this evangelical set vary in importance. Generally, one finds a wealth of detailed commentary, background, and some critical and exegetical notes. Often, however, there is much excess verbiage that does not help particularly. On the other hand, it usually has something to assist the expositor on problems and is a good general set for pastors and serious lay people though it is old.



J P LILLEY - The Pastoral Epistles - Well done verse by verse comments, informative, not technical

D Edmond Hiebert - Uses author's own translation. A scholarly, conservative work giving a comprehensive discussion of the Pastorals as a group as well as the individual epistles. A verse-by-verse exposition characterized by spiritual warmth and practical appeal.

Cyril Barber - This "first century message to twentieth century pastors" is a work of rare merit, and we welcome its reappearance.















HENRY MORRIS Defender's Study Bible Note

H C G MOULE Devotional Commentary

D Edmond Hiebert comments that this work is "Marked by careful scholarship, spiritual insight, and reverent faith. One of the outstanding volumes of the series. Appended is a long poem by the author on the martyrdom of Paul.

Cyril Barber - A delightful devotional commentary. First published in 1905





OUR DAILY BREAD - devotionals


PASTORLIFE Sermons by Various Pastors









RICK RENNER - devotional & Greek word studies






RAYMOND SAXE Sermons on 2 Timothy



Caveat emptor - quality may vary














DAVID THOMPSON SERMONS - each Pdf about 5 pages






SERMONS BY VERSE - Older Expositions

A Solemn Charge to Timothy to Make Full Proof of His Ministry T. Croskery 2 Timothy 4:1, 2
A Word in Season Christian Miscellany. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
An Earnest Charge T. Hall, B. D. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
An Ordination Charge R. M. McCheyne. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
Benefit of Reproof P. B. Power. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
Charged Before God T. Hall, B. D. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
Conditions of Success in Working for Christ J. D. Fulton, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
Constant Preaching Old Puritan. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
Earnestness in Preaching J. Trapp. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
Effectual Reproof   2 Timothy 4:1-2
Fruitful Rebukes C. H. Spurgeon. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
In Season, Out of Season American Messenger. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
Making an Opportunity   2 Timothy 4:1-2
Ministers At the Judgment W. H. Baxendale. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
Ministers Must be Faithful T. Watson. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
Need of Reproof G. Swinnock. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
Never Out of Season C. H. Spurgeon. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
No Harpoons on Board   2 Timothy 4:1-2
Not Strawberry-Preachers C. H. Spurgeon. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
Personal Rebuke Best M. Miller. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
Preach the Word J. Parsons. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
Preach the Word, not Sceptical Objections C. H. Spurgeon. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
Preaching in the Sight of God   2 Timothy 4:1-2
Preaching the Word E. R. Ingersoll, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
Seasonable Fishing R. Cecil. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
Silent Reproof Memoir of Dr. Cutler. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
The Judgment H. O. Mackey. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
The Ministry of the Word J. Riddell. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
The Seasonable Word not to be Delayed   2 Timothy 4:1-2
The Second Advent U. R. Thomas. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
Unlikely Opportunity Used J. F. B. Tinling. B. A. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
Urgency of the Ministerial Office Bp. Baring. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
Using an Opportunity Thos. Cooper. 2 Timothy 4:1-2
Zealous Exhortation A Faithful Pastor 2 Timothy 4:1-2
Solemn Charge to Timothy R. Finlayson 2 Timothy 4:1-8
Sermon for St. Peter's Day Susannah Winkworth 2 Timothy 4:2
The Apostolic Injunction W.M. Statham 2 Timothy 4:2
Application in Preaching Objected To Preacher's Lantern. 2 Timothy 4:3-4
Curious Hearers T. Watson. 2 Timothy 4:3-4
Dislike to the Truth J. Trapp. 2 Timothy 4:3-4
Inclination the Enemy of Truth J. G. Butler, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:3-4
Smooth Things Preferred   2 Timothy 4:3-4
Sound Doctrine Forsaken T. Hall, B. D. 2 Timothy 4:3-4
The Waywardness and Restiveness of So Called Christians Afresh Incentive to Fidelity in Ministers T. Croskery 2 Timothy 4:3, 4
Truth Hidden When Neglected Plain Sermons by Contributors to 'Tracts for the Tithes 2 Timothy 4:3-4
Truth Hidden When not Sought After John Henry Newman 2 Timothy 4:4
An Earnest Evangelist Memoir of Uncle John Vassar. 2 Timothy 4:5
Christian Watchfulness Bishop Ryle. 2 Timothy 4:5
Endurance of Hardship R. Sibbes. 2 Timothy 4:5
Fuelling One's Ministry C. H. Spurgeon. 2 Timothy 4:5
Fulfil Thy Ministry T. M. Herbert, M. A. 2 Timothy 4:5
Ministerial Hardship David Brainerd. 2 Timothy 4:5
The Appeal of the Elder to the Younger Generation T. M. Herbert, M. A. 2 Timothy 4:5
The Duty of Timothy in Trying Times T. Croskery 2 Timothy 4:5
The Work of an Evangelist Evangelical Repository 2 Timothy 4:5
Life's Evening Hour W.M. Statham 2 Timothy 4:6
A Christian's Death J. Main, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
A Christian's Death A. Waugh, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
A Congruous Crown A. Maclaren, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
A Crown for All the Saints   2 Timothy 4:6-8
A Crown of Righteousness T. Hall, B. D. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
A Crown Without Cares J. Underhill. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
A Last Look-Out C. H. Spurgeon. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
A Lost Crown   2 Timothy 4:6-8
A Noble Career B. D. Johns. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
A Prisoner's Dying Thoughts A. Maclaren, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
All Them Also that Love His Appearing A. Roberts, M. A. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
An Assured Hope Bp. Ryle. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
Best At Last Bishop Horne. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
Bishop Ken in Life and Death J. Stoughton, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
Byron and St. Paul -- a Contrast J. E. B. Tinling, B. A. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
Calmness in Death -- its Philosophy Homilist 2 Timothy 4:6-8
Carrying on the Battle C. H. Spurgeon. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
Contrasted Deaths   2 Timothy 4:6-8
Death a Departure Matthew Henry 2 Timothy 4:6-8
Death Anticipated T. Hall, B. D. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
Good-Bye to the World T. De Witt Talmage, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
Guarding the Faith E. Mellor, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
Historic Crowns   2 Timothy 4:6-8
Joy of a Faithful Minister in View of Eternity N. Emmons, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
Keeping the Faith Bp. Phillips Brooks. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
Keeping the Faith   2 Timothy 4:6-8
Keeping the Faith J. Lewis. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
Looking Out Toward Heaven T. Hall, B. D. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
Loving the Second Advent J. Vaughan, M. A. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
Martyrdom J. P. Richter. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
Moral Warfare T. Hall, B. D. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
More Crowns Left Life of Father Taylor. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
On Keeping the Faith S. Hayward. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
Passing on the Torch   2 Timothy 4:6-8
Paul the Hero C. H. Payne, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
Paul the Martyr, Christian, Conqueror M. Jones. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
Paul's Review of His Life E. N. Kirk, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
Preaching for a Crown   2 Timothy 4:6-8
Presentiment of Death   2 Timothy 4:6-8
Readiness for Death   2 Timothy 4:6-8
Ready for Home W. H. Burton. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
Ready to be Offered T. Whitelaw, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
Sayings of Christians At the End of Life   2 Timothy 4:6-8
Seeking to Obtain a Crown   2 Timothy 4:6-8
St. Paul a Witness for Immortality D. Trinder, M. A. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
St. Paul Keeping the Faith J. R. Macduff. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
Tete D'Armee T. De Witt Talmage. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
The Christian's Course S. Hayward. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
The Christian's Course, Conflict, and Crown James Brewster. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
The Crown of Righteousness S. Hayward. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
The Crown of Righteousness H. Melvill, B. D. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
The Crown of Righteousness Canon Liddon. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
The Crown of Righteousness D. Trinder, M. A. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
The Dying Christian J. S. Pearsall. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
The Finished Race T. Hall, B. D. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
The Good Fight H. W. Beecher. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
The Heavenly Crown Assured T. Hall, B. D. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
The Holy War A. Fletcher, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
The Law of Sacrifice Canon Knox Little. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
The Love of Christ's Appearance the Character of a Sincere Christian W. Harris, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
The Nearness of the Apostle's Death T. Croskery 2 Timothy 4:6-8
Unconscious Sense of the End of Life Timbs. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
Welcoming Death W. Jay. 2 Timothy 4:6-8
The Battle Finished W.M. Statham 2 Timothy 4:7
The Great Reward W.M. Statham 2 Timothy 4:8
A Faithful Friend T. Hall, B. D. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
Best Men -- Lessons from Their Life Homilist 2 Timothy 4:9-11
Companionship U. R. Thomas. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
Counteractives to Worldliness J. Leifchild, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
Crescens is Gone to Galatia, Titus to Dalmatia T. Hall, B. D. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
Danger of the World   2 Timothy 4:9-11
Demas T. J. Crawford, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
Demas R. T. Verrall, B. A. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
Demas M. G. Pearse. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
Demas T. Hall, B. D. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
Demas T. M. Herbert, M. A. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
Demas T. Guthrie, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
Demas the Deserter T. L. Cuyler, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
Friends in Adversity G. Whitefield. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
Good Men Easily Reconciled to Good Men T. Hall, B. D. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
Isolation Undesirable A. J. Morris. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
Luke, the Beloved Physician H. A. Nelson, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
Man's Craving for Society A. J. Morris. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
St. Luke an Example of Trite Friendship R. S. Barrett. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
St. Luke the Evangelist H. Melvill, B. D. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
The Apostasy of Demas H. Melvill, B. D. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
The Apostasy of Demas J. N. Norton, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
The Beloved Physician W. B. Carpenter, M. A. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
The Border-Land Between Christ and the World   2 Timothy 4:9-11
The Connection Between Love of the World and Apostasy G. Fisk, LL. B. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
The Damager of Backsliding R. Sibbes. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
The Falling Away of Demas Canon Puckle. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
The Foolish Love of the World John Flavel. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
The Friendship of St. Luke and St. Paul W. G. Abbott, M. A. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
The Quarrel About John Mark E. H. Higgins. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
The Relapsed Christian J. Leifchild, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
The Society of Good Men Desirable T. Hall, B. D. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
The World Pictured by Fancy W. L. Watkinson. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
Worldliness Fatal to Religion S. Coley. 2 Timothy 4:9-11
The Apostle's Loneliness and Need of Assistance and Comfort T. Croskery 2 Timothy 4:9-12
Personal R. Finlayson 2 Timothy 4:9-22
A Good Book a Lasting Companion Family Friend. 2 Timothy 4:13
A Great Love of Books John Bright. 2 Timothy 4:13
An Affection for a Cloak   2 Timothy 4:13
An Endeared Garment   2 Timothy 4:13
Choice of Books R. W. Dale. 2 Timothy 4:13
Cloak, Books, and Parchments J. T. Davidson, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:13
Mental Occupation in Prison Harper's Bazaar. 2 Timothy 4:13
Note-Books J. Trapp. 2 Timothy 4:13
Paul -- His Cloak and His Books C. H. Spurgeon. 2 Timothy 4:13
The Apostle's Directions Concerning His Cloke T. Croskery 2 Timothy 4:13
The Cloak and the Parchments; Or, Man's Needs A. J. Morris. 2 Timothy 4:13
The Cloak At Troas Archdeacon Farrar. 2 Timothy 4:13
The Cloak At Troas Edinburgh Christian Magazine 2 Timothy 4:13
Use of a Cloak   2 Timothy 4:13
Indignation an Important Quality in a True Man W. H. Baxendale. 2 Timothy 4:14
Of Whom be Thou Ware T. Hall, B. D. 2 Timothy 4:14
The Warning Against Alexander the Coppersmith T. Croskery 2 Timothy 4:14, 15
Confidence in God C. H. Spurgeon. 2 Timothy 4:16-18
Conserving Grace T. Hall, B. D. 2 Timothy 4:16-18
Deliverance and Salvation Through Death A. Maclaren, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:16-18
Divine Protection C. H. Spurgeon. 2 Timothy 4:16-18
Folly of Persecution W. L. Watkinson. 2 Timothy 4:16-18
God's Goodness in the Greatest Distresses R. Sibbes, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:16-18
Looking Up for Help J. T. Wrenford, M. A. 2 Timothy 4:16-18
Man's Extremity is God's Opportunity T. Hall, B. D. 2 Timothy 4:16-18
Never a Friend J. Trapp. 2 Timothy 4:16-18
Paul, a Christian's Example John Miller. 2 Timothy 4:16-18
Prayer and Trust A. Maclaren, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:16-18
The Adversity of the Good Homilist 2 Timothy 4:16-18
The Apostle's Trial Before Nero, with its Memorable Incidents T. Croskery 2 Timothy 4:16-18
The Faithfulness of Jesus   2 Timothy 4:16-18
Why Earthly Props are Removed Elon Foster. 2 Timothy 4:16-18
An Extensive Blessing T. Hall, B. D. 2 Timothy 4:19
Salutations and Personal Notices T. Croskery 2 Timothy 4:19-22
Unaccomplished Aims W. L. Watkinson. 2 Timothy 4:20
Use of Sickness J. F. B. Tinling, B. A. 2 Timothy 4:20
Eubulus and Pudens, and Ltuus, and Claudia Bp. Jackson. 2 Timothy 4:21
Friendships The Fireside. 2 Timothy 4:21
Timothy's Presence Desired W.M. Statham 2 Timothy 4:21
Winter Voyages S. H. Tyng, Jr. , D. D. 2 Timothy 4:21
Christ with Us W. Walters. 2 Timothy 4:22
Continual Grace Toplady. 2 Timothy 4:22
The Highest Wish of True Friendship Homilist 2 Timothy 4:22
The Presence of Christ with His People Desirable J. Foot, D. D. 2 Timothy 4:22