Verse by Verse Notes on the 2 Timothy Scriptures discussed on this page:
Note: You can walk through this lesson on 2 Timothy 2:14-26 point by point in the chart below
The Power of God's Word - A Simple Inductive Study
Inductive Bible Study: Application
2 Timothy 3:16-17 Study of the Authority of God's Word
2 Timothy Overview Guard the Treasure
2 Timothy 2:19 Study of A Firm Foundation
2 Timothy Handle Accurately the Word of Truth
Life Hid and Not Hid by Alexander Maclaren
2 TIMOTHY 2:19 A FIRM FOUNDATION
|WHO ARE THE
CHILDREN OF GOD?
|WHAT DO THE
CHILDREN OF GOD DO?
What two groups are discussed in "the trustworthy statement" in (2Ti 2:11-13)?
Faithful and faithless
Where did we see the faithful and the faithless in 2 Timothy?
1:15 All in Asia - faithless
1:16-17 Onesiphorus - faithful
4:10 Demas - faithless
4:11 Luke, Mark - faithful
NOW GO TO COLUMN 3
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In the midst of confusing teaching about the resurrection and others teaching their version of the gospel, how can a believer remain steadfast?
How does (2Ti 2:19) begin?
Nevertheless - In the face of disturbing news of false teaching and the negative effects on some individuals, Paul is drawing a comforting contrast = in spite of the fact that confusion exists, there is a firm foundation of God that stands (perfect tense)
What might the firm foundation refer to? (2Ti 2:19) (cf 1Ti3:15)
What does this firm foundation
God knows His own (cf 2Ti 2:10, Rev 3:1 Sardis)
His own abstain from wickedness
What does the ‘seal' signify?
A seal provides security and authenticates - the king would take his signet ring and make an impression in hot wax on a document to authenticate that it was really from him
This seal represents God’s stamp on those who are born again. God knows His own personally and individually. In that truth they can rest secure in the face of false teaching.
What does "abstain from wickedness" imply?
Outward evidence should be seen - this authenticates the person as a true believer.
Let's look at some cross references which help us understand the two aspects of the seal on the firm foundation...
How do we know Jesus is speaking about authentic vs false believers in (Mt 7:21-23)?
He is giving the criteria for entrance into the kingdom of heaven
In John 3:3 Jesus instructed Nicodemus "Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God."
First, what are not necessarily the criteria of an authentic believer?
v21 Not one who calls Jesus "Lord" (one who has absolute ownership and uncontrolled power - talking about Jesus as Lord while denying He is Lord with our walk is not a genuine believer).
The NLT paraphrases it this way "The decisive issue is whether they obey My Father in heaven."
These are ones who name the Name of the Lord and yet fail to abstain from wickedness.
v22 Prophesy, cast out demons, perform miracles - all in His Name
Note: Jesus says there are "many" in this category
What then are the criteria of an authentic believer? How do these correlate with the "seal" that marks the firm foundation?
v21 He does (as the habit of their life = present tense) the will of Jesus' Father in heaven
What then are the criteria of an unbeliever?
v23 He practices (present tense) lawlessness
These are ones who name the Name of the Lord and who do not abstain from wickedness.
How do we know for certain these are not believers?
"I never knew you"
NOW GO TO COLUMN 2
How is Jesus' speech characterized in the first segment (v24-30) compared to the second segment ( v36-43)? Who is Jesus' audience in the first address? In the second address?
(1) Parable to great multitudes
(2) Interpretation to His disciples
What is the main theme of Jesus' parable (Mt 13:24-30, 36-43)?
"the kingdom of heaven"
What is the central truth of Jesus' parable (Mt 13:24-30, 36-43)?
Separation of good and evil
The wheat or sons of the kingdom will be separated from the tares or sons of the evil one at the end of this age when Jesus sends His angels to gather up the tares and will cast them into the lake of fire, while the righteous will shine like the sun in the Father's kingdom.
How does this parallel the truth of the seal in 2Ti 2:19?
Who are "wheat" and who are "tares" (those who do not abstain from wickedness but who continually commit lawlessness v41) and He will make an accurate distinction at the judgment
What was the occasion for Jesus' teaching in (Lu13:22-23)?
Question = are just a few saved?
How does Jesus answer the question about salvation (Lu13:24-28)?
Strive to enter by the narrow door
Who is the narrow door?
Why such a serious command?
When the door to salvation shuts it is final and many will seek to get in
How does Jesus answer the pleas of those on the outside to get in? (Lu13:25,27)
Jesus does not know them
They are evildoers
(Literally "workers of iniquity" - the point is sin was not their hobby but their full time occupation and they worked hard at it!)
Jesus tells them to depart
What does Jesus say that
He had fellowship with them
Who is Peter warning
False teachers "among you" (church)
Secretly introduce destructive heresies (commentary)
Deny (as the habit of their life = their actions, not their words = present tense) Jesus (Master) Who paid for their sins
Example of those who do not abstain from evil
What truth that parallels the "seal" in 2Ti 2:19 do you see emphasized in the regard to God's judgments of the world by flood and Sodom and Gomorrah by fire?
God knows those who are His
v5 Preserved Noah and 7 others
(Preacher of righteousness = abstained from evil)
v6-8 Rescued righteous Lot
v9 the Lord knows how to rescue the godly from temptation and to keep the unrighteous under punishment for the day of judgment
What truth about the false teachers does Peter present that is a warning to all to continually abstain from evil ( 2Peter 2:19)
By what a man is overcome, by this he is enslaved
What ultimately proves these false teachers do not have God's "seal of authenticity" and approval (2Peter 2:22)?
"A dog returns to its own vomit"
"A sow, after washing, returns to wallowing in the mire"
Their actions ultimately speak louder than their words! Clearly they are not those who abstain from wickedness but in fact run into it!
NOW GO TO COLUMN 3
What is Paul's
Why do we need to remind them?
The tendency is to deviate from the clear teaching of the gospel
What did Paul call
Why "my" gospel?
In contrast to other's gospel
What is Paul's
What kind of ‘words’ is Paul referring to in (2Ti 2:14)?
What is the fruit that comes from wrangling about ‘words’ (2Ti 2:14)?
They are useless for nothing except that they intellectually upset some to the point of spiritual ruin
What is the best "preventative"... what is Timothy's (and our) responsibility (2Ti 2:15)?
Be diligent (this will take some effort and initiative) to handle accurately the Word of truth by not wrangling about words
Why is it so important to accurately handle the word of truth?
What must we constantly avoid(2Ti 2:16)?
Worldly and empty chatter
Lead to further ungodliness
Who should we avoid (2Ti 2:17-18)?
Men whose talk spreads like gangrene - they have gone astray from the truth (which implies they have in fact been exposed to the truth)
What is the specific "gangrene" Paul mentions (2Ti 2:18)?
Teaching that resurrection has already taken place
What kind of "resurrection" would have taken place? (see 1Co15:17)
They have to be portraying the resurrection as a "spiritual" one and not a literal bodily resurrection
Note: Paul wrote about the crucial importance of the resurrection in 1 Corinthians 15 about 10 years earlier. The risen Christ clearly taught His resurrection was of a literal body and not simply a spiritual resurrection (see Luke 24:36-39)
What is the result of their unsound doctrine?
Upset (overturn, overthrow, subvert) the faith of some
Who less likely to have
Those who have handled accurately the word of truth, who have not wrangled over words, who avoid worldly and empty chatter
NOW GO BACK TO COLUMN 1
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How does 2Ti 2:20 relate to the seal Paul has just explained? What is the metaphor? What is the distinction drawn by the metaphor?
Paul has noted that one aspect of the seal of authenticity is abstaining from evil
Now he speaks of 2 classes of people using the metaphor of a vessel in a house (most likely picturing the church) and distinguishes the vessels (people) as some fit for honor and some for dishonor
Why does Paul state we must cleanse ourselves from dishonorable vessels? (2Ti 2:21)
His charge is to separate from the dishonorable so that we will be vessels for honor, set apart as those God can use for His good work. Paul wants Timothy and us to be useful for the Lord's purposes but since the Lord is holy, He can by definition only use holy vessels and therefore we must by all means seek to be holy as He is holy in order to be useful.
Why is cleansing ourselves from dishonorable vessels so important according to 1Cor 15:33?
Stop being deceived...it's true
Evil, godless company has a continual, progressive effect of causing good character to shrivel, wither and rot. Don't be deceived or fooled when this adverse effect on your character is not experienced immediately for it may not be obvious at first, but the slow destructive effect is certain. (honorable vessels will become defiled and are then not useful for God's good works)
What does Paul's instruction to the Thessalonians teach us about cleansing ourselves from dishonorable vessels (2Th 3:6)?
Continually (present tense) keep aloof (shun, try to avoid, keep your distance) from every brother who leads an unruly life (freeloading, sponging, idle, lazy)
How were they
They were (1) undisciplined (2) doing no work (2) busybodies = meddling in other's business.
What else do we learn about cleansing ourselves from dishonorable vessels (2Th 3:14-15)?
v14 Do not associate with those who do not obey
v14 Do not regard him as an enemy
v15 Admonish him as a brother
What other actions should vessels of honor take in order to assure we are useful to the Master for every good work? (2Ti 2:22)
Flee youthful lusts
Pursue righteousness, faith, love, peace
Seek those of pure hearts (honorable vessels) as we pursue godly virtues
Refuse foolish and ignorant speculations
What is will foolish and ignorant speculations produce?
What are vessels of honor to be instead? What should be our attitude toward our Master?
We are to be as bondservants (our will entwined with the Master's will)
Kind to all
Able to teach
Patient when wronged
With gentleness correcting those in opposition
What might God bring about to those who oppose us?
He might grant repentance
Repentance can lead them to a knowledge of the truth = the gospel
They might come to the senses
And escape from the snare of the devil
What did the devil's snare result in?
Their doing his will
In light of all the truth about the seal of God and the children of God what is Paul's applicable instruction from (2Cor 13:5)?
2Cor 13:5 says
“Test (present imperative) yourselves (not the other person but yourself!) to see if you are in the faith; examine (present imperative) yourselves! Or do you not recognize this about yourselves, that Jesus Christ is in you--unless indeed you fail the test?”
Check your lifestyle, your obedience, your deeds, your actions and if it does not bother you to live in habitual sin, then the problem be that you have deceived yourself and that you are not saved. Once saved, always saved is true assuming you were truly saved at the outset.