Titus 2:5 Commentary

Titus 2:5 to be sensible, pure, workers at home, kind, being subject to their own husbands, so that the word of God will not be dishonored (NASB: Lockman)

Greek: sophronas hagnas oikourgous agathas, hupotassomenav (PPPFPA) tois idiois andrasin, hina me to logos tou theou blasphemetai. (3SPPI)

Amplified: To be self-controlled, chaste, homemakers, good-natured (kindhearted), adapting and subordinating themselves to their husbands, that the word of God may not be exposed to reproach (blasphemed or discredited). (Amplified Bible - Lockman)

KJV: To be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed.

Phillips: to be sensible and chaste, home-lovers, kind-hearted and willing to adapt themselves to their husbands - a good advertisement for the Christian faith. (Phillips: Touchstone)

NLT: to live wisely and be pure, to take care of their homes, to do good, and to be submissive to their husbands. Then they will not bring shame on the word of God. (NLT - Tyndale House)

Wuest: to be discreet, chaste, workers at home, kind, in subjection to their own husbands with implicit obedience, in order that the word of God may not be reproachfully spoken of. (Eerdmans)

Young's Literal: sober, pure, keepers of their own houses, good, subject to their own husbands, that the word of God may not be evil spoken of.

SENSIBLE: sophronas :

To be self-controlled (Amp)

sober (YLT)

discreet (KJV)

to live wisely (NLT)

to use good judgment (GWT)

They can teach younger women to be wise (ICB)

"o be wise in mind (BBE)

temperate (Geneva)

Sensible (4998) (sophron) has the idea that they now have "saved" minds (derived from sozo = save + phren = mind) and a saved mind should lead to right thinking which leads to right living ("good deeds"). This means having a sense of what is appropriate for them as Christians and avoiding extremes. Such individuals should exhibit self restraint in their passions and desires. They should not allow evil conditions of Crete, including the immorality or foolishness that was rampant, to distract them and win over their attention and their interests. A modern day application would be "Don't soak your mind with soap operas for this wrong thinking could lead to wrong actions." Remember that ones outlook (or "uplook" for believers) determines one's outcome; and if a person is not thinking rightly, he will not act properly. Note that this same quality of sensibility or one who is in control of oneself should characterize elders (Titus 1:8-note), all older men (Titus 2:2-note), and, in fact, all believers (Titus 2:12-note). Common sense and good judgment should improve with age, but they should be evident even in early adulthood.

A sensible young women is in command of her mind. She has control of the things she thinks about and does. She does not allow circumstances or the immorality or foolishness of others to distract her and gain her attention and interest. She not only does not become involved in things that are outright immoral and unspiritual but also avoids things that are trivial, foolish, and unproductive. She knows her priorities and is devoted to them.

Spurgeon notes that this "exhortation is as necessary in London as it was in Crete. Young men often know a great deal, or think they do; and they are very apt to be intoxicated with the idea of knowing so much, and being able to do so much, so that the exhortation to them is to “be sober minded."

PURE: hagnas :

chaste" (Amp)

to be morally pure" (GWT)

clean in heart" (BBE)

clean minded" (TLB)

Pure (53) (hagnos) refers primarily to moral purity, and, especially in this context, to sexual purity and marital faithfulness. Christian women as young wives are “to adorn themselves with proper clothing, modestly and discreetly, not with braided hair and gold or pearls or costly garments; but rather by means of good works, as befits women making a claim to godliness” (1Ti 2::9 10). “Modestly” refers to a healthy sense of shame at saying anything, doing anything, or dressing in any way that would cause a man to lust. “Discreetly” refers to moral control, to keeping passions, esp sexual passions, subdued.

See also:

Chaste - Holman Bible Dictionary

Chaste - King James Dictionary

WORKERS AT HOME: oikourgous: (Ge16:8,9; 18:9; Pr7:11; 31:10-31; 1 Ti5:13)

homemakers (Amp)

to take care of their homes (ICB)

diligent in home work (Darby)

to take care of their homes (NLT)

to be busy at home (NIV)

to be good workers at home (NCV)

working in their houses (BBE)

good managers of the household (NRSV)

industrious in their homes (Weymouth)

fulfilling their duties at home (NET)

Workers at home (3626) (oikourgós from oikos = home, household + ergo = to work) one devoted to home duties, preoccupied with domestic affairs, or as we might say today "a homemaker" and stands in contrast with the conduct of the younger Ephesian widows who were "idle" and going "around from house to house" (1Ti 5:13).

The KJV translates this section "keepers at home" because it uses another Greek noun (Textus Receptus has "oikourous") but most authorities (A T Robertson, Marvin Vincent, etc) and most modern translations (NASB, etc) favor the older manuscript use of oikourgós. Even if one favors the KJV, it should be emphasized that “Keepers at home” does not suggest that the woman's home is a prison where she must be kept! The idea is that she is “Caring for the home” and the wise husband allows his wife to manage the affairs of the household, for this is her ministry. It was estimated that in year 2000, up to 80% of women age 25-54 were involved in the the workplace. More women are entering or staying in the work force after having a baby. These numbers are interesting in light of a survey by Family Circle magazine which revealed that 68% of women surveyed would prefer to stay at home with their children if economically feasible.

Spurgeon notes that "There were some women who supposed that, the moment they became Christians, they were to run about everywhere. “No,” says the apostle, “let them keep at home.” There is no gain to the Christian Church when the love, and the industry, and the zeal, which ought to make a happy home, are squandered upon something else. The young women of Crete appear to have been such that they needed to be taught “to love their husbands.” That expression does not occur elsewhere in Scripture. Christian women do not need to be told to love their husbands; but these Cretans, just brought out of the slough of sin, had to be taught even this lesson. Oh, what a blessing is love in the marriage relationship, and what a gracious influence love has upon children! How are they to be brought up aright except the whole house be perfumed with love?

KIND: agathas : (Acts 9:36,39; 1Ti 5:10) - good-natured (kindhearted) (Amp)

Kind (18)(agathos) refers to that which is "good" in its character or constitution, beneficial in its effect. Luke illustrates the meaning of agathos describing different quality of soil -- "other seed fell into the good (agathos) soil, and grew up, and produced a crop a hundred times as great." (Lu 8::8)

Agathos then refers to that which has the proper characteristics for performing the expected function in a fully satisfactory way. And so these young women are to be gentle, considerate, amiable, congenial, and sympathetic, even with those who are undeserving and unkind to them.

To be kind is to be godlike, for Jesus said that "Himself is kind (agathos) to ungrateful and evil men (Lu 6:35)

Paul admonishes the believers at Ephesus to "be kind (agathos) to one another, tender-hearted, forgiving each other, just as God in Christ also has forgiven you (Eph 4:32-note).

BEING SUBJECT TO THEIR OWN HUSBANDS: hupotassomenas (PPPFPA) tois idiois andrasin : (Ge 3:16; 1Co 11:3; 14:34; Ep 5:22-24,33; Col 3:18; 1Ti 2:11,12; 1 Pe 3:1-5)

to place themselves under their husbands' authority (GWT)

willing to adapt themselves to their husbands (Phillips)

in subjection to their own husbands with implicit obedience (Wuest)

adapting and subordinating themselves to their husbands (Amp)

to place themselves under their husbands' authority (GWT)

to yield to their husbands (NCV)

living under the authority of their husbands (BBE)

under the control of their husbands (NAB)

who puts her own husband first (CEV)

Being subject (5293) (hupotasso from hupo = under + tasso = arrange in orderly manner, assign or dispose to a certain position or to a particular task) (Click word study on hupotasso) means literally to set something in place up under something else and in context refers to wife placing herself up under her husband and his authority. Paul is saying to the young wives

Be willing to place yourself in a position under your husband who is the authority of your family. Be in that position of being submissive.

KJV has "obedient to their own husbands" but that is not accurate translation of the verb hupotasso.

There is a different Greek verb for "obedient" (hupakouo from hupo = under + akouo = hear) and it refers to the relationship of an inferior to a superior. For example God commands

Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right (see note Ephesians 6:1)

God tells the children that they must obey their parents and that they have no option. This verb is NEVER used in reference to the interaction of a husband and wife.

Hupotasso in contrast is the word that talks about two people who are absolutely equal in God’s eyes. The wife makes a choice to place herself as an equal underneath another equal, her husband, in order that there can be order and function in the family. The purpose is so to meet the design that God has ordered.

Hupotasso was a military term describing soldiers lining up under their authority and also referred to the arrangement of military implements on a battlefield in such a way as to facilitate effective warfare. As Paul explains (Eph 5:22-note), the structural function of the family, like that a successful military regimen requires both authority and submission. Submission is a general spiritual attitude that is to be true of every believer in all relationships. If a wife is more gifted and capable than her husband, rather than dominating him, she should encourage and aid him to be more active in home leadership and in serving the local church. If tempted to nag, she should resist the temptation and praise him instead. Here what Paul is saying is that the young wife is to subject herself continually (present tense) to her "own husband" and that this is not something the wife does one time so that she can get something but that submission is to be a way of life so that daily she is to be being under her husband's authority. And what should be the motivation? It’s not because she loves her husband so much, but it is because she loves Jesus. "Out of loving You, Lord, I am going to do what You have told me to do." That is the genuine motivation of submission. And being continually filled with the Holy Spirit (Eph 5:18-note) and the Holy Word (Col 3:16-note) is the only way one can truly submit. The flesh may bow on the outside, but it is resisting on the inside. But when one is filled with the Spirit and walking by the supernatural power provided by the Spirit (Gal 5:16-note), then one will not fulfill the desire of the flesh! Don't try to accomplish submission in your own intrinsic power! You cannot do it without supernatural (Holy Spirit) enablement!!!

Please understand what hupotasso does not mean. It does not mean that the wife is commanded to obey her husband as a child would obey his parents. A lot of men treat their wives as "door mats" walking over them as if they were inferior.

Hupotasso does not allow for such dictatorial behavior by the husband.

Hupotasso in no way implies superiority of the husband over the wife in God’s eyes. However, by God's design for an order and function in the family, He does say in essence

Wives, voluntarily choose to put yourself under the headship of your husband

so that the family will function as was originally intended by God and all the Cretans would see the impact of the gospel.

THAT THE WORD OF GOD MAY NOT BE DISHONORED: hina me o logos tou theou blasphemetai (3SPPI) : (2Sa 12:14; Ps 74:10; Ro 2:24; 1Ti 5:14; 6:1)

so that God’s Word may suffer no scandal” (Kelly)

Then no one will be able to criticize the teaching God gave us" (ICB)

a good advertisement for the Christian faith" (Phillips)

in order that the word of God may not be reproachfully spoken of." (Wuest)

that the word of God may not be exposed to reproach (blasphemed or discredited)" (Amp)

Then no one can speak evil of God's word" (GWT)

Then no one will be able to criticize the teaching God gave us" (ICB)

that the word of God may not be evil spoken of" (Darby)

Then they will not bring shame on the word of God" (NLT)

so that no one will malign the word of God" (NIV)

Then no one will be able to criticize the teaching God gave us (NCV)

so that no evil may be said of the word of God" (BBE)

so that the word of God may not be discredited" (NAB)

so that the message of God is not disgraced" (NJB)

Then no one can say insulting things about God's message" (CEV)

so that the Christian teaching may not be exposed to reproach" (Weymouth)

Dishonored (987) (blasphemeo from bláx = sluggish, slow, stupid + phémē = rumor, fame) OR MORE LIKELY (derived from bláptō = to hurt, injure, harm + phémē from phēmí = to speak) means literally to speak to harm and in general therefore means to bring into ill repute and so to slander, to defame (to harm the reputation of by libel or slander), speak evil of, to rail at (revile or scold in harsh, insolent, or abusive language and rail stresses an unrestrained berating), to speak calumny (noun form = a misrepresentation intended to blacken another’s reputation = the act of uttering false charges or misrepresentations maliciously calculated to damage another’s reputation), to calumniate (verb form = to utter maliciously false statements, charges, or imputations about - calumniate imputes malice to the speaker and falsity to the assertions)

In short blasphemeo means to be spoken of slanderously. In this case if the young women failed to live as Paul has outlined, the message their lives proclaim is one that slanders the reputation of the Word of God. Those opposed to the Gospel of grace are quick to spot the inconsistent lives of those who profess to be influenced by the Gospel and don't hesitate to point out the inconsistency. Genuine conversion ought to produce the virtues listed here by Paul and when their walk does not match their talk, the Word of God and the transforming power of the Gospel is impugned as no better than their Cretan paganism. In sum, the evil things we say and do and good things we fail to say and do, dishonor God and His Word before everyone.

J. H. Jowett rightly said that

Fine living is not only a fine argument, it is also an effective silencer of bad men.

As Phillips paraphrases it we are to be

"a good advertisement for the Christian faith".

Unbelievers judge the genuineness and value of our faith more by our life than by our theology. In doing so, they judge the truth and power of the word of God by the way in which we live, and how we respond to trials… anyone can look ''happy'' when everything's coming up roses!. The world judges the gospel, the heart of God's word, by the transformed character of those who say they believe.

The 19th-century German philosopher Heinrich Heine said,

“Show me your redeemed life and I might be (emphasis on "might") inclined to believe in your Redeemer.”

For a person to be convinced that God can save him from sin, he needs hear the gospel for that alone is the power of God (see note Romans 1:16) but his "hearing" might begin by his observing a believer who has been saved from sin and who lives a life relatively separated from sin, someone who has hope where there was once despair, someone who now radiates Christ in them the hope of glory.

Steven Cole - Younger women must be godly homemakers so that the word of God will not be dishonored (Titus 2:4-5).

Many younger women have no understanding of how important the job of homemaking is. Also, they lack practical training in how to do it. Frankly, sometimes they are undisciplined, sitting around watching TV soap operas or game shows when they should be cleaning or organizing the house or shopping for family needs. I am so glad that Marla has made our home a refuge for me. It is a pleasant place to be because she is pleasant and because of her work and creativity. Paul says that the older women are to make the younger women sensible in seven areas:

(1) The younger women are to love their husbands. This implies that love is not automatic. It takes deliberate effort. The word that Paul uses implies the love of friendship. A husband and wife should cultivate a close companionship. Love for your husband begins in how you think about him each day. If you grumble about his bad habits and run him down all day in your thoughts, you are not loving him. You must begin by thanking God for him and by thinking about his needs and how you can meet them. The love of friendship requires time together, sharing your thoughts and feelings.

(2) The younger women are to love their children. Again, it doesn’t come naturally, especially when they try your patience by their disobedience. You are sinning against God and your children if you slap them around or angrily call them derogatory names. Write down the qualities of biblical love (1 Cor. 13:4-7) and read them over daily so that they begin to describe how you relate to your children. The Greek word here also implies the love of friendship. While you are always your children’s mother, as they grow older you should also cultivate a friendship with them.

(3) The younger women are to be sensible. There is that word again! It means to be in rational control of one’s impulses and passions.

(4) The younger women are to be pure. This refers to sexual purity. You should not watch TV shows or read magazines or novels that feed your imagination with the supposed pleasures of illicit romance. Usually women are tempted to sexual immorality when their emotional needs are not being met. If that is true of you, talk to your husband about those needs. An adulterous affair will not meet your needs in the long run.

(5) The younger women are to be workers at home. Yes, this sounds outdated and sexist, but it is God’s design and wisdom. No woman gets to the end of life and says, “Ah, I’ve had a satisfying life as a corporate executive!” Seeing your family walking with God and loving one another brings true joy. You have to work to make your home a beautiful and pleasant place for your family.

(6) The younger women are to be kind. The Greek word literally is, “good,” but in the context it includes kindness. It means to be a nice person to be around. The kind or good woman thinks of the needs of others and goes out of her way to meet those needs. When a family member is upset or discouraged, she responds with sympathy and kind words.

(7) The younger women are to be subject to their own husbands. This is about as out of sync with American culture as it could be, but it is still God’s word of truth. You have a choice: God’s way or the world’s way. The world’s way asserts self; it stands up for one’s rights. It makes demands on others in order to get one’s own way.

God’s way submits first of all to Jesus as Lord. It judges selfishness. It seeks the good of others ahead of self. God’s way is (Phil. 2:3), “Do nothing from selfishness or empty conceit, but with humility of mind regard one another as more important than yourselves.” God’s way of submission grates against our fallen, selfish human nature. Submission does not imply inferiority or becoming a doormat. “To be subject” is a military term, to put oneself in rank under another. Although Jesus is equal with the Father, He voluntarily put Himself under the Father to carry out the divine plan of salvation. Christian marriage is to reflect the image of God. Husbands and wives are to be an earthly picture of Christ and the church, with husbands loving their wives sacrificially and wives respecting and submitting to their husbands (Eph. 5:22-33).

The reason that Paul gives is, “so the word of God will not be dishonored” (2:5). This probably applies to all of the qualities that he has just listed, including submission. A wife who claims to be a Christian but who does not demonstrate love for her husband and children, moral purity, and being a godly homemaker, is not a good advertisement for the gospel. But a wife who practices these things stands out from the world’s ways. Like the woman in Proverbs 31, she will be praised, and when she is praised, she will deflect the praise to the Lord, giving Him the glory.

Conclusion - God wants all of us to focus on becoming His beautiful people—not the outward, fading beauty of the world, but the inner, lasting beauty of a heart that is obedient to Him. We refer to a beautiful person as attractive, because beauty attracts. A beautiful place, like the Grand Canyon, attracts people to it. The body of Christ should be so beautiful that those who do not know the Savior are attracted to Him through us. So, get to work on helping this church develop into a beautiful body for His glory! (Lesson 6- Developing a Beautiful Body – Part 1 Titus 2:1-5 - Bible.org)


Titus 2:1-10 Surprise and Astonish Them - MARK Twain took delight in exposing the follies of human behavior. He once said,

"Always do right. This will gratify some people and astonish the rest."

People are often surprised when someone does what is right. That's why it made national news a few years ago when a high school basketball coach turned in his state championship team after discovering that he had unknowingly used an ineligible player. He and his team had achieved the dream of every coach and every prep athlete—one that carries with it a lifetime of cherished memories. But they gave it all back—the trophy, the glory, the pride. They gave it back so they could keep something more important—their integrity.

Doing what's right is not a new idea. David realized what it took to walk in integrity. He knew that to do right he would have to avoid hypocrisy and dishonesty. Integrity was worth more than anything he could gain by sacrificing it.

Doing right has a price tag. It may cost money if we refuse to cheat; it may cost time if we refuse to cut corners; it may cost plea-sure if we refuse to compromise a moral standard; it may cost rela­tionships if we refuse to support unethical behavior.

But none of these is worth more than integrity.—J D Brannon (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)