FOR YOU HAVE
BEEN CALLED FOR THIS PURPOSE: eis touto gar eklethete (2PAPI):(Mt
10:38; 16:24; Mk 8:34,35; Lk 9:23, 24, 25; 14:26,27; Jn 16:33; Acts
9:16; 14:22; 1Th 3:3; 4:2; 2Ti 3:12)
ASPECT OF OUR CALLING
is more literally "for into this you were called." The NAS
leaves out the phrase "into this" (eis touto). What is "this?" Clearly
Peter is alluding to what he has just written in 1Pe 2:20 about
suffering for doing good (cp also 1Pe 2:19).
commenting on 1Pe 2:21-25 - With another confirmatory "for" (omitted
in NIV), Peter passed from duty to motivation with a graphic picture
of the suffering Christ. In these verses there are numerous allusions
to Isaiah 53, the prophetic portrait of the Suffering Servant of the
Lord. Peter confirmed the call to submissive suffering by citing the
example of Christ (1Pe 2:21), and then painted an elaborate picture of
His exemplary and redemptive sufferings (1Pe 2:22-25).
explains that "The divine call of God to a lost sinner is an effectual
call into salvation, and an accompaniment of that salvation is
suffering for righteousness’ sake, the natural result of the
Christian’s contact with the people of the world and their reaction
towards the Lord Jesus who is seen in the life of the saint. Paul
speaks of the same thing when he says, “For unto you it is given in
the behalf of Christ, not only to believe on him, but also to suffer
for his sake” (Phil. 1:29-note).
suffering (cf "deserved" suffering 1Pe 2:20) in the lives of saints is
not God's "Plan B." Suffering is not only possible, but even more it
is probable. In fact it is so sure that it is even a promise, for as
Paul wrote "indeed, all who desire to live godly in Christ Jesus will
be persecuted." (2Ti 3:12-note)
Little wonder that most of the booklets of "God's Promises" don't
include this promise! In fact as Paul taught the saints at
Thessalonica forewarned is forearmed writing these things "so that no
man may be disturbed by these afflictions; for you yourselves know
that we have been destined for this. For indeed when we were with you,
we kept telling you in advance that we were going to suffer
affliction; and so it came to pass, as you know." (1Thes 3:3-4-note)
Edwards has written "There is an Arab proverb which says, "All
sunshine makes a desert." Just as the rain is necessary for plants to
grow, unjust suffering is just as necessary for us to grow in
godliness. One of the mayor reasons we know this is because of the
example Christ set for us....Undeserved suffering was a critical
component in God's plan for Christ's life. ". . . in bringing many
sons to glory, to make the author (pioneer) of their salvation perfect
through sufferings." (Heb 2:10-note;
Note Christ response to His affliction. He could easily have
retaliated and overthrown His persecutors. But He "committed Himself
under the mighty hand of God, knowing He would be exalted in due
time." He could have avoided the cross and all the shame and agony it
involved; "but for the joy set before Him, He patiently endured to the
end" (Heb 12:2). We, too, are called down this rugged road to glory."
- always pause to ponder this strategic
term of explanation.
Ask at least one question - What is he explaining? Peter has just said
'when you do what is right and suffer for it you patiently endure it,
this finds favor with God." (1Pe 2:20)
It is part of a true Christian’s
calling to bear what is put upon him wrongfully. Whenever you think of the glory of
your risen Lord, remember what your redemption cost him, and quit all
dead works, lay aside the grave-clothes of care and anxiety, and live
in newness of life as those who have been redeemed by the risen
Peter 2 Commentary)
study of related noun
kletos = the "called") means to speak to another person in order to
bring them nearer, either physically or in a personal relationship and
includes the nuance of giving them an invitation.
is in the
passive, where the passive is what some linguists
refer to as "divine" passive indicating that the action is
performed by God. In this verse, it
is God Who calls saints to bear up triumphantly though suffering
unjustly for doing what is good. Most of us did not fully understand
this aspect of God's calling, and as a result we are often caught "off
guard" when we suffer unjustly for Christ (unless we have been
previously taught this important truth).
Wuest makes the point that
in this context kaleo describes "The divine call of God to a
lost sinner (which) is an effectual call into salvation,
and an accompaniment of that salvation is suffering for righteousness’
sake, the natural result of the Christian’s contact with the people of
the world and their reaction towards the Lord Jesus who is seen in the
life of the saint.
Word Studies from the Greek New Testament: Eerdmans)
Hiebert explains that Peter
gives "a clear reminder to all believers "that through many
tribulations we must enter into the kingdom of God" (Acts 14:22).
Jesus Himself repeatedly stressed that being His disciple involved
cross-bearing (Mt. 10:38; 16:24; Lk 14:27). Paul also reminded his
troubled readers of this reality (1Th. 3:3-note;
Does the church (especially in
America) really understand this aspect of the "call" on our life?
Do we understand that our life is not our own, for we have "bought
with a price" and that our mission is to glorify God in our body?
Do we understand that to us "it has been granted (literally a
gift of grace) for Christ's sake, not only to believe in Him, but also
to suffer for His sake? (Php 1:29-note)
Comment: Note not just to suffer mistreatment, derision, etc
as a Christian but with a purpose - for Christ's sake.
How so? We suffer for Jesus in the sense that by our
patient endurance of unjust punishment [which is what Peter also
describing], we are bearing a powerful testimony to His saving,
transforming grace, grace that enables us to do something quite
unnatural and yea, even supernatural. And Christ gets the glory. If we
understand this truth and genuinely believe this truth suffering can
take on a whole new significance.
Do we understand that "indeed,
all who desire to live godly in Christ Jesus will be persecuted."
Do we understand
the supernatural power that flows through us when we willingly
joyfully submit to this truth? (2Cor 12:10-note).
present context the called
refers to those
who have been summoned by God (the following phrases are meant to be
read as one long sentence which gives a Biblical statement regarding
according to His purpose (Romans
to salvation (Romans 8:30
saints by calling (1Cor 1:2)
both Jews and Greeks (1Cor 1:24)
having been called "with a holy" (2 Timothy 1:9
heavenly calling (Hebrews 3:1
out of darkness into His marvelous light (1 Peter 2:9
to walk worthy (Ephesians 4:1
by grace (Gal 1:6)
not from among Jews only, but also from among Gentiles (Romans 9:24
through the "gospel" that we "may gain the glory of our Lord Jesus
Christ" (2Th 2:14)
and be brought "into fellowship with His Son, Jesus Christ our Lord"
and return in triumph "with Him" at the end of this age (Revelation
great doctrine of our calling should cause all the "called of Jesus
Christ" to cry out "Glory!"...and to earnestly desire to walk worthy of the calling to which they have
been called, motivated by the "hope of His calling".
The Christian’s holy calling
is described in some detail in Ephesians 1-3, especially Ephesians
we see the truths that saints are chosen (Eph 1:4-note),
predestined (Eph 1:5, 1:11-see notes
adopted as sons (Eph 1:5
accepted in the Beloved (Eph 1:6
redeemed through His blood (Ephesians 1:7
forgiven (Eph 1:7
sealed with the Holy Spirit (Ep 1:13-note)
and given the earnest of our inheritance (Ep 1:14-note).
In addition to a holy calling,
saints also have a high ("upward") calling
(Php 3:14-note) and
a heavenly calling (Heb 3:1-note)
ALSO SUFFERED FOR YOU, LEAVING YOU AN EXAMPLE: kai Christos epathen (3SAAI) huper
humon humin hupolimpanon (PAPMSN) hupogrammon:
(1Pe 2:24; 3:18; 4:1; Lk 24:26; Acts 17:3; Heb 2:10) (An example: Ps
85:13; Jn 13:15; Ro 8:29; 1Cor 11:1-note; Eph 5:2; Php 2:5; 1Jn2:6; 1Jn
3:16; Rev 12:11)
(See Torrey's Topic
"Example of Christ")
Since Christ - Peter
now proceeds to illustrate his exhortation to slaves by citing
Christ's example of suffering unjustly. Jesus is the perfect example.
In order to follow Him we have to keep our eyes on Him for He alone is
the Author and Finisher of the faith (Heb 12:2).
Wuest on the little word
also - Peter’s use of the word “also” puts the sufferings of these
slaves on a new plane. They find comfort in knowing that someone else,
and that person the Lord Jesus Himself, went through a like
experience, that of suffering unjustly.
Spurgeon - There was no reason why he should
be made to suffer, for he had done no wrong. He was buffeted for no
fault of his own, yet how patiently he endured it all! He did not even
open his mouth to murmur or complain; but he handed the whole matter
over to the Supreme Court of Appeal: “to him that judgeth
righteously.” It will be wise for us also to feel that we can afford
to wait, knowing that our Avenger liveth, and that, in his own good
time, he will rectify all wrongs, and justify his people against all
their accusers. It is sweet, for the dear love of Jesus, to put up
with a thousand things which, otherwise, we should resent. “But,” says
one, “if you tread on a worm, it will turn.” Perhaps it will, but a
Christian is not a worm; he is a being of a nobler order than that,
and he does not go for his example to reptiles; he looks up to Christ,
and follows his steps.
Peter 2 Commentary)
- PETER in this chapter exhorts Christians to holiness and dwells upon
that branch of holiness that consists in the patient endurance of
wrong. He could find no better argument with which to plead with the
saints than the life and example of their Lord. Indeed, who could find
a better? Since the Lord Jesus is all our salvation, He is also all
our desire, and to be like Him is the highest object of our ambition.
If, therefore, we find Him patient under wrong, it is to us a
conclusive argument that we should be patient too. If buffeting comes
upon you for Christ’s sake, you are, in some sense, made partakers of
His sufferings, and you shall also be partakers of His glory. A true
child of God lives wholly for God. He is not merely a Christian when
he goes up to the place of worship and sings the praise of the Lord,
but he seeks to live for God as soon as he opens his eyes in the
morning and until he closes them again at night. It is for God that he
eats and drinks, and for God that he buys, and sells, and works, and
gives, or saves, or does whatever it is right for him to do. The
Levite of old had no business to do in the world but the business of
God, and the true Christian is in the same condition. Though he keeps
a shop or ploughs the fields, he keeps shop for Jesus and ploughs the
fields for Jesus. He is not his own master, but he is the servant of
Another, even the Lord Jesus Christ, and it is his joy to labor
faithfully as a steward and a servant on behalf of his Master. (Spurgeon
Commentary- 1 Peter - Logos Bible Software)
suffering in 1 Peter - while Jesus is our perfect example in all
conduct, He is especially our example of how to suffer, even when
(especially when) we are in the will of God! Don't believe the false
teaching that if you are suffering it is because you are not in the
will of God! Such teachers show that they know very little about the
Cross, the preeminent example of suffering in the will of God!
1Pe 2:24 and He Himself bore our
sins in His body on the cross, that we might die to sin and live to
righteousness; for by His wounds you were healed.
1Pe 3:18 For Christ also died for
sins once for all, the just for the unjust, in order that He might
bring us to God, having been put to death in the flesh, but made alive
in the spirit;
1Pe 4:1 Therefore, since Christ has
suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same purpose,
because he who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin,
The writer of
Hebrews notes that God perfected "the Author of (our) salvation
through sufferings" (Hebrew 2:10-note).
is also translated Captain (KJV, NKJV) picturing Christ as the
Commander of a mighty army, going on ahead of his men and attaining
the victory for them! Archegos is also translated "Pioneer
(NRSV)" picturing Christ as the Great Pioneer Who blazed the trail
though death and resurrection leading to triumph over every enemy of
Edwards - Augustine once said, "When God allows us to suffer it is
either to improve our imperfections or to prove our perfections." As
we respond in a godly manner to undeserved suffering, that response
becomes a blinking light which sets us apart in this darkened world.
(pascho) means to undergo an experience or experience a
painful, usually difficult circumstances. The
speaks of past completed action and
indicative mood is
the mood of reality. Christ truly did suffer during His life on our
behalf even before His ultimate suffering and agony on the Cross.
Christ understands what you are going through when you suffer. Note
where He was when Paul suffered in 2Ti 4:17-18. For example -
"Since He Himself was
(tested) in that which He has suffered, He is able
= continually has the power) to come to the
= to run to the cry for help) of those who are tempted
= are continually being tested)" (He 2:18-note).
Suffering - Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology
Suffering - Holman Bible Dictionary
Suffering - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
For you -
The preposition for (huper) can mean in behalf of or for
the sake of and in this context clearly depicts Christ's
on for you - The fact that Christ had suffered "for you"
(huper humōn) made His example personal and compelling. The
preposition huper, "over," in the context conveys the picture of
Christ bending over the readers to shield them from danger and
destruction. He acted for their good, their personal advantage. The
preposition was also used to convey the thought of substitution, a
truth brought out in the latter part of the picture (1Pe 2:24-25-note).
- For you gives a deeper
purpose of Christ’s suffering; he suffered not only to set an example
for the believers to follow, but his suffering was in fact vicarious.
The content of such vicarious suffering is not completely developed
here; one significant part of it is mentioned in
1 Peter 2:24 (note).
United Bible Societies' New Testament Handbook Series)
("leaving behind") (5277)
(hupolimpano from hupo = under + leipo = to
leave) means to leave behind something for someone.
Peter changes over easily from the idea of a child tracing over the
writing of the writing-master to a Christian planting his feet in the
foot-prints left by our Lord. In this context, these footprints are
foot-prints of suffering. But the illustration holds good for our
Lord’s entire life. Just as a child slowly, with painstaking effort
and close application, follows the shape of the letters of his teacher
and thus learns to write, so saints should with like painstaking
effort and by close application, endeavor to be like the Lord Jesus in
their own personal lives. Or, as a small child endeavors to walk in
the footprints made by his father’s feet in the snow, so we are to
follow in the path which our Lord took. The Greek word “follow” means
literally “to take the same road” as someone else takes. We should
walk the same road that Jesus walked, in short, be Christlike. (Ed:
And I would add that "road" is called the "Calvary Road!" for it is a
road on which we are called to die to self and daily take up our cross
pressing on to our crowning destination - glorification into the image
of Jesus! Hallelujah! 1Jn 3:2-note,
We see a similar
pattern in other NT exhortations...
imitators of me, just as I also am of Christ.
the one who says he abides in Him ought (is obligated) himself to walk
in the same manner as He walked.
- Brethren, join in following my example, and observe those who walk
according to the pattern you have in us.
from hupo =
before + grapho = write) (only used here in NT) literally means “writing under” and was
used of words given to children to copy, both as a writing exercise
and as a means of impressing a moral.
More specifically hupogrammos referred to a line
of writing at the top of a tablet written by the teacher so that the
child could write under it and make his letters like the master. Sometimes
it was used with reference to the act of tracing over written letters.
is used in the non-canonical book, 2 Maccabees 2:28, describing the
outlines of a sketch which the artist fills in with details.
Figuratively as used by Peter hupogrammos signifies a
model or example of conduct to be imitated or to be avoided.
What is the example? Although not a popular teaching, suffering
unjustly is the example believers are to be willing to follow (Ro
Barclay writes that
hupogrammos "can mean two things—an outline
sketch which the learner had to fill in or the copyhead of copperplate
handwriting in a writing exercise book which the child had to copy out
on the lines below. Jesus gave us the pattern which we have to follow.
If we have to suffer insult and injustice and injury, we have only to
go through what he has already gone through. It may be that at the
back of Peter's mind there was a glimpse of a tremendous truth. That
suffering of Jesus was for the sake of man's sin; he suffered in order
to bring men back to God. And it may be that, when the Christian
suffers insult and injury with uncomplaining steadfastness and
unfailing love, he shows such a life to others as will lead them to
Study Bible - 1 Peter 2 Commentary)
A T Robertson notes that "Clement of Alexander (Strom. V. 8.
hupogrammos of the
copy-head at the top of a child’s exercise book for the child to
imitate, including all the letters of the alphabet. The papyri give
many examples of hupographē and hupographō in the sense of copying a
letter." It follows that if we truly want to become like Christ; we
must be willing to copy His lifestyle of suffering. This is why Paul's
primary goal in life was not just "to know Him and the power of His
resurrection"; but also "the fellowship (koinonia, partnership) of His
sufferings" (Phil 3:10).
UBS Handbook on
hupogrammos - The word for example is used only
here in the whole New Testament; in classical Greek literature, it has
two meanings: (1) a piece of writing from a teacher which a child is
expected to trace or imitate, and (2) an artist’s sketch which is
prepared for others to color and complete. Christ therefore left a
perfect model, upon which the Christian is expected to pattern his own
United Bible Societies' New Testament Handbook Series)
Vincent writes that
hupogrammos is "A graphic word, meaning a copy set
by writing-masters for their pupils. Some explain it as a copy of
characters over which the student is to trace the lines.
Spurgeon - We must put on a
coat of mail and be enveloped in the whole panoply of God. We must
have, as our great controlling principle, the mind of Christ, that, as
He endured such contradiction of sinners against Himself, we also may
endure it and not be weary or faint in our minds. We shall best bear
our own sufferings when we find fellowship with Christ in them. Lest,
however, we should think that the patience of our Lord was intended to
be our example and nothing more, the apostle goes on to speak
expressly of the expiatory nature of the sufferings alluded to. He has
held up the Savior in all His woes as our example, but knowing the
evil tendency of skeptical minds by any means to becloud the cross, he
now puts aside the example for a moment and speaks of the Redeemer as
the great sacrifice for sin. The sacred writers are always very clear
and distinct upon this truth, and so must we be. There is no preaching
the gospel if the atonement is left out. No matter how well we speak
of Jesus as a pattern, we have done nothing unless we point Him out as
the Substitute and Sin-bearer. We must, in fact, continually imitate
the apostle and speak plainly of Him “who himself bore our sins in his
body on the tree” (1 Pet 2:24). (Ibid)
><> ><> ><>
Tale of the
- A former missionary
told the story of two rugged mountain goats who met on a
narrow pathway. On one side was a chasm 1,000 feet deep;
on the other, a steep cliff rising straight up. There was
no room to turn around, and the goats could not back up
without falling. What would they do? Finally, instead of
fighting for the right to pass, one of the goats knelt
down and became as flat as possible. The other goat then
walked over him, and they both proceeded safely. In a
sense, this is what Jesus Christ did for us when He left
heaven's glory and came to this earth to die for our sins.
He saw us trapped between our sin and God's righteousness
with no way to help ourselves. He came in human likeness
and took the form of a servant (Php 2:5, 6,7-note).
Then, by dying for sinful mankind, He let us "walk over Him" so
that we could experience forgiveness and receive eternal life.
Peter pointed to Christ as an example of humility. When we are
mistreated for Jesus' sake, we must learn to be humble enough to
let others walk over us if need be. This is not a sign of
weakness but of strength and true humility. Such a response,
when done for Christ's sake, brings glory to His name. —D C Egner
Savior, make me humble,
Take away all sinful pride;
When I suffer from injustice,
Help me stay close by Your side. —DJD
Example of Christ
CONFORMITY TO, REQUIRED IN
Holiness -1Peter 1:15,16; Romans 1:6
Righteousness -1John 2:6
Purity -1John 3:3
Love -John 13:34; Ephesians 5:2; 1 John 3:16
Humility -Luke 22:27; Philippians 2:5,7
Meekness -Matthew 11:29
Obedience -John 15:10
Self-denial -Matthew 16:24; Romans 15:3
Ministering to others -Matthew 20:28; John 13:14,15
Benevolence -Acts 20:35; 2Corinthians 8:7,9
Forgiving injuries -Colossians 3:13
Overcoming the world -John 16:33; 1John 5:4
Being not of the world -John 17:16
Being guileless -1Peter 2:21, 22
Suffering wrongfully -1Peter 2:21, 22, 23
Suffering for righteousness -Hebrews 12:3,4
Saints predestinated to follow -Romans 8:29
Conformity to, progressive -2Corinthians 3:18
FOR YOU TO
FOLLOW: hina epakolouthesete (2PAAS):
No trifling in this life of mine;
Not this the path the blessed Master trod;
But every hour and power employed
Always and all for God.
Steven Cole - Christ left an
example for us to follow in His steps (1Pe 2:21). The word example
is literally, “underwriting.” It was a school word. Teachers would
lightly trace the letters of the alphabet so that students could write
over them to learn how to write. Or, as in our day, teachers would put
examples of the alphabet up in the room for students to look at to
copy as they formed their letters. Christ is that kind of example for
us. If we follow how He lived, we will form our lives correctly.
Following “in His steps” pictures a child who steps in his
father’s footprints in the snow. Where the father goes, the child
goes, because he puts his feet in those same footprints. In like
manner, we are to follow our Savior. Peter says that we are called to
the same purpose as Christ was (1Pe 2:21). If our Master’s footprints
led to the cross where He suffered unjustly, so we can expect to die
to self (Mk 8:34-35, Lk 9:23) and suffer unjustly. If we respond as He
did, people will see our Savior in us. Many people will never read the
Bible, but they do read our lives. (cp Jn 12:24) They should see
Christlikeness there, not a defiant spirit of self-will that
characterizes those who are living for themselves and the things of
this world. (1 Peter 2:18-23 What To Do When Your Boss
John Calvin on following His
example - "Nothing seems more unworthy, and therefore less tolerable,
than undeservedly to suffer, but when we turn our eyes to the Son of
God, this bitterness is mitigated, for who would refuse to follow Him
as He goes before us?"
(hina) introduces a purpose clause explaining the reason or
purpose for Christ's example. We are not just to stare at it or to
read about it, but to do it! See discussion of
terms of purpose or result.
To follow (1872)
(epakoloutheo from epi = upon or an
intensifier + akoloutheo = to follow and figuratively in a moral sense - see below) literally means to follow
after, to follow upon or follow closely. To follow close upon.
Literally to go along in someone's footsteps. The figurative meaning
is to follow or imitate someone's life, living in the same way.
Another nuance describes pursuing a matter (with devotion, dedication
or attention) (as in 1Ti 5:10). Mark 16:20 refers to accompanying
The root verb
akoloutheo in the NT refers to being a disciple of Christ, which can
include external following (Mt 8:19, Mk 10:28) but with the added idea
of "a total commitment and in an exclusive relation to one who is
recognized as not just a teacher but the Messiah. This discipleship
brings participation in salvation (Mk 10:17, Lk 9:61, 62, Jn 8:12, Rev
14:4) but also in suffering (Mt 8:19, 20, Mk 8:34, Jn 12:25, 26)"
Vincent - The compound verb implies close
following. From writers and painters, the metaphor changes now to a
Notice how Peter
changes the metaphor from a writer (hupogrammos)
to that of a guide.
the present context, epakoloutheo
is used figuratively to mean imitate Christ's example. Caleb, the
godly OT saint gives us a wonderful illustration of what it means to
follow in His steps...
Numbers 14:24 "But My servant
Caleb, because he has had a different spirit and has followed
(Lxx = epakoloutheo) Me fully, I will bring into the land which
he entered, and his descendants shall take possession of it.
Comment: May his tribe
Moulton and Milligan - From its original meaning “follow,”
“follow after,” this verb came to be used in a number of closely
related senses from iii/B.C. onwards. Thus it means “am personally
- 4x in 4v in NAS - Mark 16:20; 1Ti 5:10, 24; 1Pet 2:21. NAS = devoted herself(1),
follow(1), follow after(1), followed(1).
Mark 16:20 And they went out and
preached everywhere, while the Lord worked with them, and confirmed
the word by the signs that followed. [And they promptly reported all
these instructions to Peter and his companions. And after that, Jesus
Himself sent out through them from east to west the sacred and
imperishable proclamation of eternal salvation.
1 Timothy 5:10 having a reputation for good works; and if she has
brought up children, if she has shown hospitality to strangers, if she
has washed the saints' feet, if she has assisted those in distress,
and if she has devoted (followed after) herself to every good work.
1 Timothy 5:24 The sins of some men are quite evident, going before
them to judgment; for others, their sins follow after.
1 Peter 2:21 For you have been
called for this purpose, since Christ also suffered for you, leaving
you an example for you to follow in His steps,
- 14x in Septuagint - Lev 19:4, 31; 20:6; Num 14:24; Deut 12:30; Josh
6:8; 14:8f, 14; Esther 5:1; Job 26:3; 31:7; Pr 7:22; Isa 55:3
Leviticus 19:4 'Do not turn to
(Lxx = epakoloutheo) idols or make for yourselves molten gods; I am
the LORD your God.
Leviticus 19:31 'Do not turn to
(Lxx = epakoloutheo) mediums or spiritists; do not seek them out to be
defiled by them. I am the LORD your God.
Deuteronomy 12:30 beware that you
are not ensnared to follow (Lxx = epakoloutheo) them, after
they are destroyed before you, and that you do not inquire after their
gods, saying, 'How do these nations serve their gods, that I also may
Job 31:7 "If my step has turned
from the way, Or my heart followed (Lxx = epakoloutheo) my
eyes, Or if any spot has stuck to my hands,
Proverbs 7:22 Suddenly he
follows (Lxx = epakoloutheo) her As an ox goes to the slaughter,
Or as one in fetters to the discipline of a fool,
Isaiah 55:3 "Incline your ear
and come to (Lxx = epakoloutheo) Me. Listen, that you
may live; And I will make an everlasting covenant with you, According
to the faithful mercies shown to David.
an interesting use of this verb noting that...
The sins of some men are quite
evident, going before them to judgment; for others, their sins
(although hidden still) follow after (epakoloutheo). (1Ti
HIS STEPS: tois ichnesin autou:
"follow His steps" (No preposition for "in" in the Greek
(ichnos) means the sole of the foot on which men and animals
go, a footstep, a footprint or an impression left by the sole of the
foot in walking and is used metaphorically here and elsewhere in the
NT of imitating someone’s example.
3x in the NT. In addition to this verse ichnos is also in...
Romans 4:12 and the father of
circumcision to those who not only are of the circumcision, but who
also follow in the steps of the faith of our father Abraham
which he had while uncircumcised.
2Corinthians 12:18 I urged Titus to
go, and I sent the brother with him. Titus did not take any advantage
of you, did he? Did we not conduct ourselves in the same spirit and
walk in the same steps?
Ichnos - 22x in the
- Gen 42:9, 12; Deut
11:24; 28:35, 65; Josh 1:3; 1 Sam 5:4; 2 Sam 14:25; 1 Kgs 5:3; 18:44;
2 Kgs 9:35; 19:24; Job 9:26; 11:7; 38:16; Ps 18:36; 77:19; Prov 5:5;
30:19; Ezek 32:13; 43:7; Dan 10:10
Deuteronomy 11:24 "Every place on
which the sole (Lxx = ichnos) of your foot treads shall be
yours; your border will be from the wilderness to Lebanon, and from
the river, the river Euphrates, as far as the western sea.
Joshua 1:3 "Every place on which
the sole (Lxx = ichnos) of your (plural = not just Joshua but
the people of Israel entering the promised land) foot treads, I have
given it to you, just as I spoke to Moses.
Comment: Great verse
emphasizing the principle of a divine tension - God's sovereign
promises, man's responsibility to in faith and trust obey Him and lay
hold of that which He has already given us. The whole land was given,
but they could only posses that which they claimed. In a similar way
believers today have been granted every spiritual blessing in the
heavenly places in Christ, and yet we must lay hold of these blessings
by faith that obeys. F B Meyer puts it this way "The land of rest and
triumph is ours by deed of gift; yet we must go up and possess it. We
must claim it by putting down the foot of faith."
You enlarge my steps under me, and my feet (Lxx = ichnos) have
NET Psalm 77:19-note
You walked through the sea; you passed through the surging waters, but
left no footprints (Lxx = ichnos).
In the plural (as in this verse) ichnos means a continuous line of impressions, a trail or a track.
follow a man's footprints or footsteps is to move in the direction he
is going. So in the figurative sense ichnos indicates a
record left by someone's conduct or manner of life which provides an
example for others to imitate.
Obviously to follow in His steps does not imply that we will do
everything He did, but it does refer to the general idea that we will
follow His example of enduring undeserved suffering, demonstrating the
same attitude He had.
steps, saints should
"walk, even as He walked" (1John
We should love as He loved...
"By this all men will know that you
are My disciples, if you have love for one another." (John 13:35)
We should think as He thought...
Have this attitude
= command to do this continually,
make this your lifestyle) in yourselves which was also in Christ
Jesus, (Php 2:5-note).
Christ emptied Himself. Behold our pattern!
This is a good definition of a disciple! Jesus' disciples are called to follow exactly the footprints He left
and they are not like footprints on the seashore which fade away and
blur as the waves wash over them.
Charles Sheldon wanted to attract local college students to God, so he
began preaching a series of practical, Sunday evening sermons on how
to follow "in His steps" in business, in journalism, in other careers. From the
popular series he wrote magazine articles, which in time became the
best-selling book In His Steps (Click
here for online version).