AND DO NOT GO ON PRESENTING: mede
(Ro 6:19; 7:5; 7:23 1Cor 6:15; Col 3:5; Jas 3:5,6; 4:1)
Note that several translations translate
presenting more graphically or forcefully...
offering or yielding your
bodily members (Amplified)
yield ye your
any part of yourselves to sin (Today's English Version)
lend your faculties
as unrighteous weapons for Sin to use (Weymouth)
not let sin have
your members for the service of vice (Moffatt)
Do not go on presenting
- The Greek construction is a
with a negative (mede) which conveys the sense "Stop
doing this." The idea is that they are to terminate an action that
is already in progress.
The New English Bible picks us this sense
no longer put its several
parts at sin’s disposal
Wuest also conveys the sense of the
putting your members at the disposal of the sinful nature as weapons of
from para = near, beside + histemi = place, set) literally means to place
or set beside or near and hence to place at someone's disposal. Paristemi
means to present oneself for service or to put at the service of
(sometimes translated "help" Ro 16:2-note)
Paristemi is used 41
times in the NT in the NASB - Mt 26:53; Mk. 4:29; 14:47, 69, 70; 15:35,
39; Lk. 1:19; 2:22; 19:24; Jn 18:22; 19:26; Acts 1:3, 10; 4:10, 26;
9:39, 41; 23:2, 4, 24, 33; 24:13; 27:23, 24; Ro 6:13, 16, 19; 12:1;
14:10; 16:2; 1Co 8:8; 2Co 4:14; 11:2; Ep 5:27; Col 1:22, 28; 2Ti 2:15;
NAS renders paristemi as bystanders, 5; come, 1; commend, 1;
help, 1; present, 11; presented, 4; presenting, 1; prove, 1; provide, 1;
put at...disposal, 1; stand before, 2; standing, 1; standing beside, 1;
standing nearby, 2; stands, 1; stands here, 1; stood, 2; stood before,
1; stood beside, 2; took their stand, 1.
Septuagint (LXX - Greek
translation of Hebrew OT) paristemi is used as a
technical term for the priest’s placing the offering on the altar. There
are 65 uses in the LXX - Ge 18:8; 40:4; 45:1; Ex. 9:31; 18:13f, 23;
19:17; 24:13; 34:5; Nu 1:5; 7:2; 11:28; 16:9; 23:3, 15; Dt 1:38; 10:8;
17:12; 18:5, 7; 21:5; Jdg 20:28; 1Sa 4:20; 5:2; 16:21, 22; 22:6, 7;
25:27; 1Ki 1:2; 10:8; 12:6, 8, 10, 32; 17:1; 18:15; 2Ki 3:14; 5:16, 25;
8:11; 2Chr. 6:3; 9:7; Esther 4:5; 8:4; Job 1:6; 2:1; 37:20; Ps 2:2; 5:3;
36:4; 45:9; 50:21; 109:31; Pr 22:29; Is 5:29; 60:10; Je 15:11; 35:19; Da
6:6; 7:10, 13; Ho 9:13; Joel 3:13; Zec 4:14; 6:5.
Josephus (Ant., 4, 113) uses this
verb paristemi recording that
He then slew the
sacrifices, and offered (paristemi ) them as
burnt offerings, that he might observe some signal of the flight of the
Keep in mind the cultural context in which Romans was written. Gentile (and Jewish)
citizens of ancient Rome had a firsthand understanding of presenting
sacrifices which would have helped them understand the picture of Paul's
call to stop presenting themselves to Sin. Modern believers do not have this understanding of a
sacrifice and there is a tendency to take this serious call less
seriously or with indifference, much to our loss. There will be NO God
blessed ministry without a Spirit empowered separation (stop presenting) and consecration
(presentation to God)! Before a priest in Israel could minister on behalf of
others, he was obliged to present himself in a consecrated condition and the
sacrifices he offered were to be without blemish (Mal 1:8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13).
conveys the general idea of surrendering or yielding up. In the Old Testament a
worshiper would present an unblemished animal sacrifice to God as an
expression of worship. Today, God doesn't want us to present dead sacrifices
but to present ourselves to Him as living sacrifices. The OT Law demanded
sacrifice. The Gospel of Grace invites us to consider the "mercies of
God" in and respond accordingly. On the basis of what God
has shown us He has done, we are not to look to the Law and respond because we
MUST. Instead we look at all God has done in showing us mercies and we
respond freely from a grateful heart.
With eyes wide open to the mercies of God. (Phillips).
If you ever find it hard to do what you know is the right thing,
don't say, "I ought to do this or that" Ought won't help.
Instead, think of God's MERCY to you & of Christ's great love. In view of
God's MERCY you will want to do right.
pictures giving something over to another,
relinquishing your grip, and not letting go only to take it back! In the
present verse Paul is saying stop placing yourselves at the disposal of Sin
(personified as an very real and very evil "king"). Instead present
yourselves to God.
In a similar manner, in
Israel the whole burnt offering
(a voluntary offering)
ascended to God and could never be reclaimed. It belonged to God. And so
Paul is not referring to "dedication" as done in so many churches and
evangelistic meetings, where individuals come forward to
confess sin. The sin problem has already been dealt with by His mercies (Ro
6:1, 2, 3-note). We
are presenting a "holy" sacrifice, not a blemished
sacrifice. How many times in "dedications" in church do we see the same people
coming down again and again, because they are dealing with some besetting sin.
That is not what Paul is urging us to do.
Greek scholar Marvin Vincent
The original meaning is to place
beside, and so commend to the attention. Hence, to set before the mind;
Paristemi is used in a variety of "presentations"
Of presenting the child Jesus in the
And when the days for their
purification (to cleanse, free from filth - women bearing sons were
ceremonially unclean for 40 days or twice that if she bore a daughter)
according to the law of Moses were completed, they brought Him (Jesus)
up to Jerusalem to present Him to the Lord (Luke 2:22)
Of the Christian presenting himself or
herself to God:
I urge you therefore, brethren, by
the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living and holy
sacrifice, acceptable to God, which is your spiritual service of worship.
Of God presenting the saved:
"that (Christ) might present
to Himself (literally "in order that He might Himself present to
Himself..." = at one the Agent and the End or Object of the presentation =
the Bridegroom presents or sets forth the bride) the church in all her glory, having no spot
(stain figuratively in a moral sense) or wrinkle or any
such thing; but that she should be holy and blameless." (Ep 5:27-note) In ancient Greece, a
bride–to–be would be taken down to a river to be bathed and ceremonially
cleansed from every defilement of her past life. Whatever her life had been
before, it was now symbolically purified and she would be presented
to her husband marriage without any moral or social blemish—the past was
Of Christ presenting His church:
"And we proclaim Him, admonishing
every man and teaching every man with all wisdom, that we may present
every man complete (full-grown, fully initiated, complete, and perfect) in Christ. 29 And for this purpose also I labor, striving
according to His power, which mightily works within me (see note
Of believers presenting themselves to
God as diligent workmen and workwomen:
imperative, idea of having
zealous persistence to accomplish a particular objective - giving maximum
effort to impart God’s truth as completely, clearly and unambiguously as
possible) to present (stand alongside of = in context
of standing alongside of or before God presenting oneself for inspection in
order to be approved by Him) yourself approved (dokimos
= favorably passing careful scrutiny and thereby being counted worthy) to
God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, handling accurately
= cut straight, used of craftsmen cutting a straight line,
farmer plowing straight furrows, mason setting straight line of brick,
workmen building a straight road so referred to carefully performing any
task) the word of truth." (2Ti 2:15-note)
In a second use in his letter to Timothy,
Paul encouraged the young disciple with the truth that even though no one
stood with him at his first defense...
the Lord stood with (paristemi
= stood by) me, and strengthened (“Poured power into me” ) me, in
order that through (indicates the means of or agent of - Paul was
like a conduit of the gospel from God to the Gentiles) me the
proclamation (public proclamation might be heralded abroad - the
proclamation of the gospel stating the of the redeeming purpose of God in
Christ) might be fully accomplished
(fulfilled, brought to full measure), and that all the Gentiles might
hear; and I was delivered (Click study of
= snatched from danger and drawn
to His side) out of the lion's mouth. (2Ti 4:17-note)
Consider two general types of OT
reconciliation and for consecration. (Ro 1-11) has
taken care of
reconciliation (of man to God- Ro 5:10,11-note) and
(Ro 12:1ff-note) refers to consecration
or presentation to God to do with us as He wills.
As alluded to above, implicit in
the meaning of paristemi are the ideas of yielding or surrendering because
if you place something at the disposal of another, you are in essence
surrendering your rights and power to that other entity. Here in the
context of Romans 6:13 the "other
entity" is not an altar but is the Sin nature we each inherited from Adam.
Paul is commanding us to stop putting the
members of our body at the disposal of, at the service of the sinful
As you come to KNOW as best you can the truth in (Ro 6:1-10) and
then make the conscious effort to continually RECKON this true (you
accept it as truth) (Ro 6:11-note) and then
ACT on it (negatively = not
yielding to the old sin nature and positively = yielding to God's Spirit)
(Ro 6:12, 13-note), God's Spirit will make this truth more and more real in
your life (see note
Colossians 1:10 "increasing in the knowledge of God").
These three words are foundational truths that
when comprehended and apprehended will lead you into the victorious life
Christ has redeemed you to live
to His glory.
A key word or
action is "yield" or "present", an attitude and action which has to do with
Because of the unfathomable riches of the truths we know are now
true of our position in
Christ (see notes) (Ro 6:1-10), we need to make the choice to
accept this truth into our
heart (Ro 6:11), which is the bedrock truth that enables us to exercise
our will successfully
against the old master, Sin (which still resides in our physical
bodies). Empowered now by the indwelling Holy Spirit, we can stop
yielding our physical bodies (eyes, ears, hands, etc) to the rule and
reign of Sin.
When the practice
of yielding to the God's Spirit (being filled with, controlled by His
Spirit) becomes more and more our daily experience, we begin to enter
into what some have referred to as the "victorious life". Whatever you
choose to call this experiential aspect of our
sanctification process, be encouraged that this is God's will
for every one of His children and not just for a special group.
Do not be surprised to continually experience that in this present life,
Sin (the old nature inherited from Adam) will always be a potentially powerful force for
the Christian to reckon with. But Sin is no longer master, no longer
lord, and it can be resisted. Sin (personified as a "king") has been
dethroned but still desires to reign in the
believer’s life just as "it" did before salvation. The apostle’s
admonition to believers, therefore, is for them to not let sin reign,
because it now has no right to reign. Sin now has no power to control a
believer unless the believer chooses to obey its lusts.
Peter makes a similar appeal writing that because we are
a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for God’s own
possession” he urges us “as aliens and strangers to
abstain from fleshly lusts, which wage war against the soul” (1Pe 2:9-note,
The moment we were saved,
we were transferred from Satan and Sin's kingdom of darkness into the
marvelous light of the Kingdom of God and now we are citizens of His kingdom
of righteousness. In Romans 6-8 Paul is giving us the template by which
we can now live as more than conquerors in the midst of a crooked and
MEMBERS OF YOUR BODY TO SIN: ta mele humon hopla adikias te hamartia:
(melos) refers to a limb or member of the body and in the
plural (and in the
context of the present verse) refers to
the members of body as the seat of the desires and passions.
is used 34 times in the NT (Matt.
5:29, 30; Ro 6:13, 19; 7:5, 23; 12:4, 5; 1Co. 6:15; 12:12, 14, 18, 19,
20, 22, 25, 26 (4x), 1Co 12:27; Ep 4:25; 5:30; Col. 3:5; Jas. 3:5, 6;
4:1) and is rendered in the NAS as member, 4; members, 27; part, 1;
In His famous Sermon on the Mount,
Jesus instructed his hearers that...
who looks on a woman to lust for her has committed adultery with her
already in his heart. 29 and if your right eye makes you
(skandalizo = ensnares you =
describes the bait stick that springs the trap when an animal touches
it. Anything that morally or spiritually traps us and causes us to fall
into sin should be eliminated quickly and totally - see related word
skandalon), tear it out
(pluck or root it out), and throw it from you; for it is better for you
that one of the parts of your body perish (destroyed wholly or utterly - not
extinction but ruin, loss, not of being, but of well–being), than for your whole body to
be thrown into hell (Gehenna)." (See
Based on the truth of the
believer's new position
in Christ (see notes), Who is now the our life (source and
power) Paul wrote...
Therefore consider the members (melos) of your earthly body as dead to
immorality, impurity, passion, evil desire, and greed, which amounts to
idolatry. (Col 3:5-note)
Vine commenting on
describes melos as
"A member or limb, here in the
plural, is used morally, our actual limbs being used as instruments
either for the world, the things on the earth, instead of being put to
death, or used for Christ and His glory, and the things in the heavens.
We thus either identify ourselves with the old man, or with the new
W. Collected writings of W. E. Vine. Nashville: Thomas Nelson
Marvin Vincent adds that melos refers to the
Physical (members) though some include mental faculties. Compare
where members is expounded by fornication, uncleanness, etc., the
physical being a symbol of the moral, of which it is the
instrument. The physical members, so far as as they are employed
in the service of sin. (Vincent, M. R. Word studies in the
James describes one of those
"members" writing that
the tongue is a small part of the body, and
yet it boasts of great things. Behold, how great a forest is set aflame
by such a small fire! And the tongue is a fire, the very world of
iniquity; the tongue is set among our members as that which defiles the
entire body, and sets on fire the course of our life, and is set on fire
by hell. (Jas 3:5, 6) (See devotionals related to the untamable tongue, all from
Our Daily Bread - (Taming
The Tongue) (The
Tongue That Defiles)
Your Tongue) (Twice
Is Once Too Many) (Taming
James asks the rhetorical question
What is the source of quarrels and conflicts among you? Is not the
source your pleasures that wage war in your members? (Jas 4:1)
while we were in the
flesh, the sinful passions, which were aroused by the Law, were at work
in the members of our body to bear fruit for death. (Ro 7:5-note)
He went on to explain that
concur with the law of God in the inner man, but I see a different law
in the members of my body, waging war against the law of my mind, and
making me a prisoner of the law of sin which is in my members.
(Ro 7:22, 23-note)
When the believer counts upon the fact that the power of the indwelling
sinful nature is broken, and operates his life on that principle, he
stops allowing that nature to reign as a king in his life. But he does
something else. He obeys Paul’s admonition,
Stop putting your members as weapons of unrighteousness at the service
of the sinful nature.
not only refuses obedience to its sinful behests, but he refuses to put
his eyes, ears, tongue, mind, hands, and feet at its service, in order
that the fallen nature might use these as weapons of unrighteousness in
the battle of Satan against God. The Christian is in a warfare. Paul
sees him as a soldier of Jesus Christ fighting in the armies of
righteousness. When the Christian puts his members at the service of the
sinful nature, he is guilty of "high treason", fighting against his own
Captain, the Lord Jesus.
The tongue is a "little member" of
the body (James 3:5), but it is one member that must be yielded to God
as a tool of righteousness (Ro 6:12, 13).
(hamartia from verb hamartano = miss the
mark and so not share in the prize, to err, offend, sin, to act contrary
to the will and law of God and so miss the mark in relation to God) in
context does not refer to the sins we commit (missing the
mark) but, as discussed above, is personified by Paul as the evil nature still resident in
in this verse refers to
as a controlling power and as an enslaving tyrant. Paul's has
presented the evidence in the preceding verses of Romans 6 that should
convince every believer that they have died in relation to the power of Sin as their master.
AS INSTRUMENTS OF UNRIGHTEOUSNESS: hopla adikias te hamartia:
(Ro 1:29; 2:8,9; Dt 25:16; Isa 3:10,11; 55:7; Ezek 18:4; 1Cor 6:9; 2Th
2:12; 2Pe 2:13, 14, 15; 1Jn 1:9)
described any tool or implement for preparing a
thing and then became specialized to refer to items such as a ship's
tackling, a cable, a rope or a tool of any kind (blacksmith tools,
sickle, staff) and then in the plural was used for "weapons of warfare.
And so the instruments we are to put at the service of God
are weapons (Ro 6:13KJV) or
implements of war, either offensive or defensive.
Hoplon is used 6 times in the NT (Jn
18:3; Ro 6:13; Ro 13:12-see
note; 2Co. 6:7; 2Co 10:4-see
note) and is rendered in
the NAS as armor, 1; instruments, 2; weapons, 3.
Hoplon - 31x in the
- 1Sa 17:7; 1 Ki. 10:17; 14:26f; 2 Ki. 10:2; 2 Chr. 21:3; 23:9f; 32:5;
Neh. 4:17; Ps. 5:12; 35:2; 46:9; 57:4; 76:3; 91:4; Prov. 14:7; Jer.
21:4; 43:10; 46:3, 9; 51:3, 12; Ezek. 26:8; 32:27; 39:9f; Joel 2:8; Amos
4:2; Nah. 2:3; 3:3; Hab. 3:11
Kenneth Wuest notes that in
classical Greek hoplon
referred to the weapons of the Greek
soldier. Paul thinks of the members of the Christian’s body as weapons
to be used in the Christian warfare against evil. The saint, counting
upon the fact that he has been disengaged from the evil nature, does two
things, he refuses to allow it to reign as king in his life, and he
stops putting his members at its disposal to be used as weapons of
K. S. Wuest's Word Studies from the Greek New Testament: Studies in the
Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament: Grand Rapids: Eerdmans)
Marvin Vincent writes that
is used from the earliest
times of tools or instruments generally. In Homer of a ship’s tackle,
smith’s tools, implements of war, and in the last sense more especially
in later Greek. In the New Testament distinctly of instruments of war (John
18:3; 2 Corinthians 6:7, 10:4). Here probably with the same
meaning, the conception being that of Sin and Righteousness as
respectively "rulers" of opposing sovereignties (compare
reign, Ro 6:12-note, and have dominion,
Ro 6:14-note), and
"enlisting men" in their
armies. Hence the exhortation is, do not offer your members as weapons
with which the rule of unrighteousness may be maintained, but offer them
to God in the service of righteousness." (Vincent, M. R. Word
Studies in the New Testament. Vol. 3, Page 1-70) (Bolding added)
Hoplon is used once in the NT
to describe literal
physical weapons (Jn 18:3)
but more often is used figuratively to describe...
members of the body =
"instruments of unrighteousness" (Instruments used for evil purposes)
light (Ro 13:12-note),
weapons of righteousness (2Cor
weapons of the Christian's warfare (2Co
To obey the desires of our body, is to place our hands, lips, etc at the disposal of
Sin to be weapons which
this enemy uses to carry out
unrighteous war. Paul says stop doing this! And Romans 6:1-10
gives the truths which indicate that now
in Christ Jesus, every believer
possesses the power to stop presenting ourselves to
Sin. If we don't
stop doing so, it is because we don't want to
stop, not because we cannot make the choice to stop. Notice the
important corollary thought that if a person claims to be born again and
a new creation and yet truly cannot cease from sin (as their
continual practice) then they would be very wise to assess whether they
are truly born again (see 2 Cor 13:5, as well as Jesus' sobering warning
in Mt 7:21-note,
Mt 7:22, 23-note)
Peter Marshall has an interesting assessment declaring that
The problem with most of us is that we are not Christian enough to keep
from sinning, but we are sinning too much to enjoy our Christian life.
I like the advice of
Oliver Wendell Holmes who said
"There is in my life a plant I call Reverence. It needs to be watered
about once a week." (Amen!)
In the following OT passages note the
effect that Reverence or "fear of Jehovah" has on "evil"
Do not be wise in your own eyes;
Fear the LORD and
this is a
- continually turn
aside - implying we have continual need to turn away from the all
pervasive presence of evil) from evil. (Proverbs 3:7)
Comment: "It is impossible to
have fellowship with God while walking in that which His word condemns
(cp 1Jn 1:6, 7, 2:9, 10, 11, 4:20, Jas 1:15, 16-note)
The path of blessing is the path of obedience. If He has spoken, the
submissive soul will not stay to question but obey implicitly."
A reverential fear of the LORD "will
get you away from sin, away from those things which corrode not only
your spiritual life but your physical life as well" (J Vernon McGee)
The fear of the LORD is to
hate (despise, oppose, detest) evil... (Proverbs 8:13)
...By the fear of the LORD one
keeps away (turns aside, departs) from evil. (Proverbs 16:6)
The fear of the LORD leads to
life, so that one may sleep satisfied, untouched by evil.
There was a man in the land of Uz,
whose name was Job, and that man was blameless, upright, fearing God,
and turning away from evil. (Job 1:1)
note Come, you
children, listen to me; I will teach you the fear of the LORD. 12
Who is the man who desires life, And loves length of days that he may
see good? 13 Keep your tongue from evil, And your lips from
speaking deceit. 14 Depart from evil, and do good; Seek peace,
and pursue it.
...Let every who names the name of the
wickedness (sin) (2Ti 2:19-note).
(Comment: Paul does not dissociate behavior from belief - if your
belief is genuine, your walk will concur! cp a "faith that works" in Jas
from a = not + dikê = right) is a condition of not
being right, whether with God, according to the standard of His holiness
and righteousness or with man, according to the standard of what man
knows to be right by his conscience.
Barclay writes that...
Adikia is the precise opposite
of dikaiosune (righteousness), which means justice; and the Greeks
defined justice as giving to God and to men their due. The evil man is
the man who robs both man and God of their rights. He has so erected an
altar to himself in the centre of things that he worships himself to the
exclusion of God and man." (Barclay,
W: The Daily Study Bible Series, Rev. ed. Philadelphia: The Westminster
Larry Richards writes that
"unrighteousness," "injustice." Its focus is on the concept of sin as
conscious human action that causes visible harm to other persons in
violation of the divine standard. (Richards,
L O: Expository Dictionary of Bible Words: Regency)
John MacArthur writes that
adikia or unrighteousness
encompasses the idea of ungodliness
but focuses on the result. Sin first attacks God’s majesty and then His
law. Men do not act righteously because they are not rightly related to
God, who is the only measure and source of righteousness." (MacArthur,
J: Romans 1-8. Chicago: Moody Press
One can derive a good sense for the
meaning of adikia by studying the passages in which it is used.
For example, John defines adikia writing that "All
unrighteousness is sin" (1Jn 5:17) Paul describes the coming
anti-christ whose coming will do the work of Satan "with all the
deception of wickedness (adikia)". (2Th 2:10) Adikia
corrupts the truth and chokes out the truth by its deceitfulness. From
this use in Scripture we can deduce that adikia deceives as well
as suppresses the truth (see Ro 1:18-note).
Adikia or unrighteousness is loving sin more than loving God and
His truth. When the heart is in love with self and with self-exaltation
and independence and the pleasures of sin, the mind will inevitably
distort the truth or suppress (actively, willfully hold down) the truth
in order to protect the idols of the heart (We've all experienced this
dynamic haven't we? Every time we sin, knowingly and willfully [Woe!] we
are participating in this warped spiritual dynamic!). What is needed is
not just new ideas, more information or even reformation of our
old way of thinking and living, but a new heart which radically
transforms our thinking from "upside down" to "right side up"! And with
God's gift of a new heart and mind (Ezek 36:26, 27), we also
receive a new set of passions and desires and pleasures (2Co 5:9, Ro
This is what God provides in the transforming truth of Gospel, which
frees us from the power of sin in Romans 6, from the yoke of the law in
Romans 7 and into the freedom of the Spirit in Romans 8! Hallelujah,
what a Savior, Hallelujah, what a Friend! (Play
Jesus! What a Friend for Sinners or
Hallelujah! What a Savior)
YOURSELVES TO GOD AS THOSE ALIVE FROM THE DEAD:
alla parastesate (2PAAM) heautous to
ek nekron zontas (PAPMPA): (Ro
12:1; 2Chr 30:8; Da 3:28; 1Cor 6:20; 2Cor 8:5; Phil 1:20) (11; Lk
15:24,32; Jn 5:24; 2 Cor 5:15; Eph 2:5; 5:14; Col 2:13; 1Pe 2:24; 4:2)
(alla) marks a striking contrast. Not your
way but God's way (cp Pr 14:12, Jdg 21:25-note).
Jamieson calls this "the great surrender".
Wiersbe rightly concludes
If believers truly reckon themselves
dead to sin, then they will prove their faith by yielding (Ed:
or "presenting") themselves to God. This is step three in the process of
getting victory over the old nature, the flesh. Notice that stern "Let
not!" in Ro 6:12KJV. This yielding is an act of our own wills, a step of
obedience to the Lord. It is not enough to know this wonderful doctrine,
or even reckon on it; we must take this final step of yielding the
members of our bodies to Christ (Ed: Or as suggested by Philips outline
- "Capitulating to Christ"). (Wiersbe,
W. W. Wiersbe's Expository Outlines on the New Testament. Wheaton, Ill.:
Victor Books) (Bolding
Philips outlines this section as
truth--"know" (Romans 6:8, 9, 10)
Counting on the truth--"reckon" (Romans 6:11, 12)
Capitulating to the truth--"yield" (Romans 6:13)
(paristemi from para = near + histemi
= place) conveys the idea of placing yourself beside
God, in so doing placing yourself at the disposal to Him. Paul's use of
this verb also conveys the ideas of yielding or surrendering because if you place something at
the disposal of God, you are in essence surrendering your rights and
power to God and His power (a very good exchange indeed!)
Note that Paul uses
indicating that this presentation is not a suggestion that we might want
to consider, but is a command for us as believers to take a once
and for for all choice, one which is to be done even with a
sense of urgency! Do it now. Then do it
every time you are tempted to act the traitor to your King. Notice that
calls for this to be a personal, volitional choice, a choice to submit
our will to God's will, which is good and acceptable and perfect (a
smart choice to make!)
(zao) literally means to be alive physically and refers to existence
as opposed to death or nonexistence. In this verse it is used to signify
spiritual life for those who were formerly spiritually dead in their
trespasses and sins. The verb zao in this context speaks of real life
(cp "abundant life" John 10:10) or true life, that is, life in the sense
that God originally intended it to be lived (in
Christ - Col 3:4, cp Jn
20:31, 14:19, Ro 5:10, 1Jn 5:11). Zao is
which describes believers as those continually alive from the the dead.
from nékus = a corpse, root of our English words necropsy,
necrophobia, etc) signifies that which is destitute of life such as is
pictured by a lifeless corpse. Death is represented under a variety of
figures or descriptions in Scripture, such as
dust shall return to the earth as it was" (Eccl 12:7)
"Thou takest away their breath, they die" (Ps 104:29) (See
In the present
context Paul is speaking of spiritual death in trespasses and sins or
the death of the soul under the power of sin and owing the wages of sin
(see notes "the mind set on the flesh is death"
"dead in your trespasses and sins"
"dead in your transgression",
In other words, looking upon yourselves as
you now really are
in Christ (see notes)
- your old life of sin having come to an
end ("dead to sin") and now with the potential to live a new quality of
life ("newness of life"), make a determined choice to place yourselves
(cp Jesus charge for us to love God with all our heart, soul, mind, and
strength, Mark 12:30) at the disposal of God.
AND YOUR MEMBERS AS INSTRUMENTS OF RIGHTEOUSNESS: kai ta mele humon
hopla dikaiosunes to theo: (Ps 37:30; Pr 12:18; Js 3:5,6)
(melos) refers to a limb or member of the body and in the
plural (and in the
context of the present verse) refers to
the members of body as the seat of the desires and passions.
note on hoplon above)
But what if indwelling sin should
prove too strong for us? The reply is: But it will not. (A Commentary,
Critical and Explanatory on the Old and New Testaments)
[word study] from
dikaios [word study]
= being proper or right in the
sense of being fully justified being or in accordance with what God
requires) is the quality of being upright. In its simplest sense
conveys the idea of conformity to a standard or norm. In this sense
righteousness is the opposite of hamartia (sin), which is defined as
missing of the mark set by God.
In this sense righteousness is the opposite of hamartia (sin),
which is defined as missing of the mark set by God.
Righteousness of God could be succinctly stated as all that God is, all
that He commands, all that He demands, all that He approves, all that He
provides through faith in Christ (Click
to read Pastor Ray Pritchard's interesting analysis of righteousness
in the Gospel of Matthew).
rightness of character before God and rightness of actions before men.
The present passage simply stated means doing what is right (in God's
'I'm A Present!' - A few days
before Christmas, the 3-year-old daughter of Pastor Jeff Callender was
caught up in the excitement of gifts and giving. He writes, "One morning
she was picking up, examining, shaking, and guessing what was inside
every package. Then, in a burst of inspiration, she picked up a big red
bow that had fallen off one present and held it on the top of her head.
She looked up at me with twinkling eyes and beamed a smile as she said,
'Look at me, Daddy! I'm a present!'"
Every child of God should say that to the heavenly Father. In view of
all He has done for us, we are to offer ourselves to Him freely,
including our bodies. Doing that, we will "put to death the deeds of the
body" (Rom. 8:13). And we will present ourselves to the Lord as a living
sacrifice (Rom. 12:1). Those who truly surrender their all to the Lord
can say with Paul, "Christ will be magnified in my body, whether by life
or by death" (Phil. 1:20).
Christmas is the time when we commemorate God's greatest gift to
mankind--His Son Jesus Christ. As we contemplate the love that prompted
such giving, may our response be one of yielding our lives to Him for
Let's echo the words of that little girl, "Look at me, Father! I'm a
present!" — Richard De Haan
Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by
permission. All rights reserved)
What shall I give to Christ today,
To Him who gave Himself for me?
I'll give to Him my life, my love--
For time and for eternity. --Anon.
To make something of your life, give your life to God.
Look A Little Closer - My daughter
Julie was visiting Yellowstone National Park, a place noted for its
beauty and grandeur. But one part of the park told a different story.
She looked out over one huge expanse of land and at first saw nothing
but death. The scars of a forest fire were evident as soot-covered tree
trunks, burned free of their branches, marked the landscape. It was a
sad and ugly scene!
Then she took a closer look. She saw that death did not dominate the
scene after all. On the ground she could see the beginnings of new life.
Small trees were sprouting up. Grasses were growing and a thick
undergrowth was beginning to take hold in the once scorched and barren
land. New life had taken root.
Sometimes we make the same mistake with new Christians. When we look at
them, we're unable to shake the old image of the way they were prior to
in Christ (see notes). We focus on the residue of what was there before
they met Him. But when we get to know them, we see life. We see the
spiritual growth they are experiencing.
When we look at other Christians, let's not dwell on the burned-out
stumps of their former life. Instead, let's celebrate and affirm the
exciting new growth in their lives. — Dave Branon
Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by
permission. All rights reserved)
A babe in Christ grows strong and
Is helped to know God's will to do,
When we extend a loving hand
And show him love without demand. —DJD
Instead of focusing on a person's past, look at how far he's come.
F B Meyer in
Our Daily Homily has a devotional entitled "Present Yourselves
WE must choose. On the one hand
stands sin, filling the market-place with its appeals, and bidding for
us; on the other hand, God in the person of His Son. For it is well
known that to whomsoever we yield ourselves to obey, his servants we
shall be (see note
2 Peter 2:19).
Sin wants us, not only to work its fell (Ed: as adjective = fierce,
cruel, destructive, deadly) results by us, but to curse and ruin us;
whilst God wants to bless us with eternal life.
We may not be able to forecast or to
arrange many things in our lives, which are difficult and perplexing;
and at first it is not wise to discuss our attitude or action with
respect to them. The first and most momentous question which presses for
immediate solution is, whether we are prepared to present our
members--brain, voice, hand, heart--to God (cp note
that through them He may fulfill His good purpose.
The argument is a very cogent one.
The apostle tells us that we have been delivered from death; that in
Jesus Christ we have been brought back to stand on the resurrection side
of the grave. For such a wondrous deliverance, he exclaims, there is
only one adequate return. Present yourselves to be the slaves of your
Redeemer. Surely none of us would resemble the rich man, who was saved
from drowning by a brave sailor, and offered him half-a-crown in
In this way also we shall be
delivered from sin. Merely to resist and refuse it, is not enough; we
shall not get perfect freedom so. But if we turn to God with a full
purpose of heart, and give Him possession, we shall be delivered from
the dominion of evil, because the responsibility of our emancipation and
perfecting will rest on Him to Whom we have yielded spirit, soul, and
Meyer has the
following enlightening comments from chapter 4 of his book Light on
Life's Duties (see
Google Book or
Download Pdf - 1.5M)
THE FIRST STEP
INTO THE BLESSED LIFE
There is a Christian life, which, in
comparison with that experienced by the majority of Christians, is as
summer to winter, or as the mature fruitfulness of a golden autumn to
the struggling promise of a cold and late spring. It is such a life as
Caleb might have lived in Hebron, the city of fellowship; or the Apostle
John was living when he wrote his epistles. It may be fitly termed the
And the Blessedness of the Blessed
Life lies in this: that we trust the Lord to do in us and for us what we
could not do; and we find that He does not belie His word, but that,
according to our faith, so it is done to us. The weary spirit, which has
vainly sought to realize its ideal by its own strivings and efforts, now
gives itself over to the strong and tender hands of the Lord Jesus; and
He accepts the task, and at once begins to work in it to will and to do
of His own good pleasure, delivering it from the tyranny of besetting
sin, and fulfilling in it His own perfect ideal.
This Blessed Life should be the
normal life of every Christian; in work and rest; in the building up of
the inner life, and in the working-out of the life-plan. It is God's
thought not for a few, but for all His children. The youngest and
weakest may lay claim to it, equally with the strongest and oldest. We
should step into it at the moment of conversion, without wandering with
blistered feet for forty years in the desert, or lying for thirty-eight
years with disappointed hopes in the porch of the House of Mercy.
But since many have long ago passed
the moment of conversion, without entering the Blessed Life, it may be
well to show clearly what the first step must be, to take us within its
golden circle. Better take it late than never.
The first step into the Blessed Life
is contained in the one word, consecration.
It is enforced by the significant
exhortation of the Apostle:
Yield yourselves unto God, as those
that are alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of
righteousness unto God. (Romans 6:13.)
It is not enough to give our time, or
energy, or money. Many will gladly give anything, rather than
themselves. None of these will be accounted as a sufficient substitute
by Him who gave, not only His possessions, but His very Self for us. As
the Lord Jesus was all for us, He asks that we should be all for Him,
body, soul and spirit; one reasonable service and gift.
That Consecration is the
stepping-stone to Blessedness, is clearly established in the experience
of God's children. For instance, Frances Ridley Havergal has left us
It was on Advent Sunday, December,
1873, that I first saw clearly the blessedness of true consecration. I
saw it as a flash of electric light, and what you see you can never
unsee. There must be full surrender before there can be full
Blessedness. God admits you by the one into the other. First I was shown
that the blood of Jesus Christ, His Son, cleanseth from all sin; and
then it was made plain to me that He who had thus cleansed me, had power
to keep me clean; so I utterly yielded myself to Him and utterly trusted
Him to keep me.
The seraphic Whitfield, the brothers
Wesley, the great Welsh preacher Christmas Evans, the French pastor
Oberlin, and many more, have given the same testimony. And in their
mouths surely this truth may be regarded as established, that we must
pass through Gilgal to the Land of Rest; and that the strait gate of
Consecration alone leads into the Blessed Life.
1. THE GROUND OF CONSECRATION IS
IN THE GREAT SCRIPTURE STATEMENT THAT WE ARE CHRIST'S.
There is a two-fold ground of
We are His by Purchase.
Ye are not your own, for ye are
bought with a price.
Step into that slave-market where men
and women are waiting like chattels to be bought. Yonder comes a wealthy
planter, who, after due examination, lays down his money for a number of
men and women to stock his estate. From that moment, those persons are
absolutely his property, as much so as his cattle or his sheep. All they
possess, all they may earn, is absolutely his. So, the Apostles
reasoned, they were Christ's; and often they began their epistles by
calling themselves, " the slaves of Jesus Christ." Paul went so far as
to say that he bore in his body the brand-marks of Jesus. And are not
all Christians Christ's, whether they own it and live up to it, or not,
because He purchased them by His most precious blood?
We are His also by Deed of Gift.
The Father has given to the Son all
who shall come to Him. If ever you have come, or shall come, to Jesus
Christ as your Saviour, you show that you have been included in that
All that the Father giveth me shall
come to me;
and him that cometh to me f will in no wise cast out. (John 6:37)
And is it likely that the Father gave
only a part of us? Nay, as utterly as He gave His Son for us, so hath He
given us to His Son. And our Lord Jesus thinks much of that solemn
transaction, though we, alas! often live as if it had never taken place,
and were free to live as we pleased.
2. THE ACT OF CONSECRATION IS TO RECOGNIZE CHRIST'S OWNERSHIP; AND TO
ACCEPT IT; AND TO SAY TO HIM, WITH THE WHOLE HEART, " LORD, I AM THINE
BY RIGHT, AND I WISH TO BE THINE BY CHOICE."
Of old the mighty men of Israel were
willing to swim the rivers at their flood, to come to David, their
uncrowned but God-appointed King. And when they met him, they cried,
Thine are we, David, and on thy side,
thou son of Jesse.
They were his because God had given
them to him, but they could not rest content till they were his also by
their glad choice. Why then should we not say the same to Jesus Christ?
Lord Jesus, I am Thine by right.
Forgive me that I have lived so long as if I were my own. And now I
gladly recognize that Thou hast a rightful claim on all I have and am. I
want to live as Thine henceforth, and I do solemnly at this hour give
myself to Thee. Thine in life and death. Thine absolutely and for ever.
Do not try to make a covenant with
God, lest you should break it and be discouraged. But quietly fall into
your right attitude as one who belongs to Christ. Take as your motto the
noble confession, " Whose I am and whom I serve." Breathe the grand old
"Just as I am,
Thy love unknown Has broken every barrier down;
Now to be Thine, yea, Thine alone,
O Lamb of God, I come."
3. CONSECRATION IS NOT THE ACT OF
OUR FEELINGS, BUT OF OUR WILL.
DO not try to feel anything. Do not
try to make yourself fit or good or earnest enough for Christ. God is
working in you to will, whether you feel it or not. He is giving you
power, at this moment, to will and do His good pleasure. Believe this,
and act upon it at once; and say, "Lord Jesus, I am willing to be
Thine;" or, if you can not say as much as that, say, "Lord Jesus, I am
willing to be made willing to be Thine for evermore."
Consecration is only possible when we
give up our will about everything. As soon as we come to the point of
giving ourselves to God, we are almost certain to become aware of the
presence of one thing, if not of more, out of harmony with His will; and
whilst we feel able to surrender ourselves in all other points, here we
exercise reserve. Every room and cupboard in the house, with the
exception of this, thrown open to the new occupant. Every limb in the
body, but one, submitted to the practised hand of the Good Physician.
But that small reserve spoils the whole. To give ninety-nine parts and
to withhold the hundredth undoes the whole transaction.
Jesus will have all or none. And He
is wise. Who would live in a fever-stricken house, so long as one room
was not exposed to disinfectants, air and sun? Who would undertake a
case so long as the patient refused to submit one part of his body to
examination? Who would become responsible for a bankrupt so long as one
ledger was kept back? The reason that so many fail to attain the Blessed
Life is that there is some one point in which they hold back from God,
and concerning which they prefer to have their own way and will rather
than His. In this one thing they will not yield their will and accept
God's; and this one little thing mars the whole, robs them of peace, and
compels them to wander in the desert.
4. IF YOU CAN NOT GIVE ALL, ASK THE LORD JESUS TO TAKE ALL, AND
ESPECIALLY THAT WHICH SEEMS SO HARD TO GIVE.
Many have been helped by hearing it
put thus: Tell them to give and they shake their heads despondently.
They are like the little child who told her mother that she had been
trying to give Jesus her heart, but it wouldn't go. But ask them if they
are willing for Him to come into their hearts and take all, and they
will joyfully assent.
Our wills are ours to make them
But sometimes it seems impossible to shape them out
so as to match every corner and angle of the will of God. What a relief
it is at such a moment to hand the will over to Christ, telling Him that
we are willing" to be made willing to have His will in all things, and
asking him to melt our stubborn waywardness, to fashion our wills upon
His anvil, and to bring us into perfect accord with Himself!
5. WHEN WE ARE WILLING THAT THE LORD JESUS SHOULD TAKE ALL, WE MUST
BELIEVE THAT HE DOES TAKE ALL.
He does not wait for us to free
ourselves from evil habits, or to make ourselves good, or to feel glad
and happy. His one desire is that we should put our will on His side in
everything. When this is done, He instantly enters the surrendered heart
and begins His blessed work of renovation and renewal. From the very
moment of consecration, though it be done in much feebleness and with
slender appreciation of its meaning, the spirit may begin to say with
emphasis, "I am His! I am His! Glory to God, I am His!" Directly the
gift is laid on the altar, the fire falls on it.
Sometimes there is a rush of holy
feeling. It was so with James Brainerd Taylor, who tells
I felt that I needed something I did
not possess. I desired it, not for my benefit only, but for that of the
Church and the world. I lifted up my heart that the blessing might
descend. At this juncture I was delightfully conscious of giving up all
to God. I was enabled in my heart to say:
' Here, Lord, take me, take my whole
soul, and seal me Thine now, and Thine for ever. If Thou wilt, Thou
canst make me clean.'
Then there ensued such emotions as I never before
experienced. All was calm and tranquil, and a heaven of love pervaded my
soul. I had the witness of God's love to me, and of mine to Him. Shortly
after I was dissolved in tears of love and gratitude to our blessed
Lord, who came as King, and took possession of my heart.
It is very delightful when such emotions are given to us; but we must
not look for them, or depend on them. Our consecration may be accepted,
and may excite the liveliest joy in our Saviour's heart, though we are
filled with no answering ecstasy. We may know that the great transaction
is done, without any glad outburst of song. We may even have to exercise
faith, against feeling, as we say, many scores of times each day, " I am
His." But the absence of feeling proves nothing. We must pillow our
heads on the conviction that Jesus took what we gave, at the moment of
our giving it, and that He will keep that which was committed to Him,
against that day.
6. IT IS WELL TO MAKE THE ACT OF CONSECRATION A DEFINITE ONE IN OUR
George Whitfield did it in the
I can call heaven and earth to
witness that when the bishop laid his hands upon me, I gave myself up to
be a martyr for Him who hung upon the cross for me. Known unto Him are
all the future events and contingences. I have thrown myself
blindfolded, and without reserve, into His Almighty hands.
Christmas Evans did it as he was
climbing a lonely and mountainous road toward Cader Idris
I was weary of a cold heart toward
Christ, and began to pray, and soon felt the fetters loosening. Tears
flowed copiously, and I was constrained to cry out for the gracious
visits of God. Thus I resigned myself to Christ, body and soul, gifts
and labors, all my life, every day and every hour that remained to me;
and all my cares I committed to Christ.
Stephen Grellet did in it the woods:
The woods are there of lofty and
large pines, and my mind being inwardly retired before the Lord, He was
pleased so to reveal His love to me, through His blessed Son, my
Saviour, that my fears were removed, my wounds healed, my mourning
turned into joy; and He strengthened me to offer up myself freely to Him
and to His service, for my whole life.
It matters little when and how we do
it; whether by speech or in writing; whether alone or in company; but we
must not be content with a general desire. We must come to a definite
act, at a given moment of time, when we shall gladly acknowledge and
confess Christ's absolute ownership of all we are and have.
7. WHEN THE ACT OF CONSECRATION IS ONCE TRULY DONE, IT NEED NOT BE
We may review with thankfulness. We
may add some new codicils to it. We may learn how much more was involved
in it than we ever dreamed. We may find new departments of our being,
constantly demanding to be included. But we can not undo, and need never
repeat it; and if we fall away from it, let us go at once to our
merciful High-Priest, confessing our sin, and seeking forgiveness and
8. THE ADVANTAGES RESULTING FROM THIS ACT CAN NOT BE ENUMERATED HERE.
They pass all count. The first and
best is the special filling by the Holy Ghost; and as He fills the
heart, He drives before Him the evil things which had held possession
there too long; just as mercury, poured into a glass of water, sinks to
the bottom, expels the water, and takes its place. Directly we give
ourselves to Christ, He seals us by His Spirit. Directly we present Him
with a yielded nature, He begins to fill it with the Holy Ghost. Let us
not try to feel that it is so; let us believe that it is so, and reckon
on God's faithfulness. Others will soon see a marked difference in us,
though we wist it not.
9. ALL THAT WE HAVE TO DO IS TO MAINTAIN THIS ATTITUDE OF FULL
SURRENDER, BY THE GRACE OF THE HOLY SPIRIT.
Remember that Jesus Christ offered
Himself to God, through the Eternal Spirit; and He waits to do as much
for you. Ask Him to maintain you in this attitude, and to maintain this
attitude in you. Use regularly the means of meditation, private prayer,
and Bible study. Seek forgiveness for any failure, directly you are
conscious of it; and ask to be restored. Practice the holy habit of the
constant recollection of God. Do not be eager to work for God, but let
God work through you. Accept everything that happens to you as being
permitted, and therefore sent by the will of Him who loves you
infinitely. There will roll in upon you wave on wave, tide on tide,
ocean on ocean of an experience, fitly called the Blessed Life, because
it is full of the Happiness of the ever-blessed God Himself.
Dear reader, will you not take this
step? There will be no further difficulty about money, dress or
amusements, or similar questions, which perplex some. Your heart will be
filled and satisfied with the true riches. As the willing slave of Jesus
Christ, you will only seek to do the will of your great and gentle
Master. To spend every coin as He directs, to act as His steward, to
dress so as to give Him pleasure, to spend the time only as He may
approve, to do His will on earth, as it is in heaven; all this will come
easy and delightful.
You are perhaps far from this at
present, but it is all within your reach. Do not be afraid of Christ. He
wants to take nothing from you except that which you would give up at
once if you could see, as clearly as He does, the harm it is inflicting.
He will ask of you nothing inconsistent with the most perfect fitness
and tenderness. He will give you grace enough to perform every duty He
may demand. His yoke is easy; His burden is light.
Blessed Spirit of God, by Whom alone
human words can be made to speak to the heart, deign to use these, to
point many a longing soul to the First Step into the Blessed Life, for
the exceeding Glory of the Lord Jesus, and for the sake of a dying