Galatians Commentaries & Sermons

Galatians Resources
Commentaries, Sermons, Illustrations, Devotionals

Magna Carta of Spiritual Emancipation
Click chart to enlarge
Charts from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission
Another Overview Chart - Galatians - Charles Swindoll

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See Also:
Paul's First Missionary Journey
Paul's Second Missionary Journey
Paul's Third Missionary Journey

Maps from Holman Bible Atlas (digital bookHardcover/Paperback version) copyright © 1998 B&H Publishing Group, used by permission, all rights reserved. This is one of the best resources for Bible maps as the maps also include helpful short descriptions of the events portrayed on the maps. 
Gospel of Grace
Gospel of Grace
Gospel of Grace
Defense of the

Gal 1:1-2:21
from Legalism

Gal 3:1-4:31
to Love and to Serve

Gal 5:1-6:18
Labor Liberty Life
Not Opinion
Not Bondage
Not Flesh
Paul the

(Gal 1:1-24)


(Gal 2:1-21)

Justified by Faith not Works
(Gal 3:1-9)
Justified by Faith not the Law
(Gal 3:10-4:20)
Grace and Law Cannot Co-Exist
(Gal 4:21-31)
Position and Practice of Liberty
(Gal 5:1-15)
Power of Liberty

(Gal 5:16-26)

Performance in Liberty

(Gal 6:1-18)

Vindication Exposition Application
Testimonial and
Doctrinal and
Practical and
of Liberty
for Liberty
of Liberty

Style or Tone: Vigorous, blunt, aggressive, direct, corrective, urgent, brief, righteous anger, strong words

Theme: Justification by Faith and not by Works of the Law

Author: Paul in large letters (Gal 6:11)

Recipients: Churches in Galatia (Gal 1:2) (Most likely the Southern Region)

Christ in Galatians: Jesus is the Source and Power for the believer's New Life. (Gal 2:20, 5:16)


The law prohibits

Grace invites and gives

The law condemns the sinner

Grace redeems the sinner.

The law says DO

Grace says IT IS DONE.

The law says, Continue to be holy

Grace says, It is finished.

The law curses

Grace blesses

The law slays the sinner

Grace makes the sinner alive.

The law shuts every mouth before God

Grace opens the mouth to praise God.

The law condemns the best man

Grace saves the worst man.

The law says, pay what you owe

Grace says, I freely forgive you all.

The law says “the wages of sin is death”

Grace says, “the gift of God is eternal life.”

The law says, “the soul that sins shall die”

Grace says, Believe and live.

The law reveals sin

Grace atones for sin.

By the law is the knowledge of sin

By grace is redemption from sin.

The law was given by Moses

Grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.

The law demands obedience

Grace bestows and gives power to obey.

The law was written on stone

Grace is written on the tables of the heart.

The law was done away in Christ

Grace abides forever.

The law puts us under bondage

Grace sets us in the liberty of the sons of God.

Related Resource:

Magna Carta of Christian Liberty

Paul's letter to the Galatians has been called the the Magna Carta of Christian Liberty as well as the Christian Declaration of Independence. "Out of its pages grew the Protestant Reformation, for it was by the study in Galatians that Luther’s heart was opened to the truth of justification by faith alone." (Gromacki) Galatians is the only letter of Paul that is specifically addressed to a number of churches (“To the churches of Galatia” in Gal 1:2).

Date: Most favor 48/49 AD, so that only the letter to James is earlier (45 AD). James addressed the error of Antinomianism (anti = against + nomos = law. See another short discussion or here)

Wilkinson - The Epistle to the Galatians has been called “the charter of Christian liberty.” It is Paul’s manifesto of justification by faith and the liberty it produces. Paul directs this great charter of Christian freedom to a people who are willing to give up the priceless liberty they possess in Christ. Certain Jewish legalists are influencing the believers in Galatia to trade their freedom in Christ for bondage to the Law. Paul writes to refute their false gospel of works, and to demonstrate the superiority of justification by faith. (Talk thru the Bible)

John Piper told his congregation in 1983 (he retired in 2012) the reason he had "chosen to preach from Galatians over the next several months is that more than any other New Testament letter, this one is alive. I mean that in Galatians Paul is at his most vigorous. The sheer emotional force of the book has captured me again and again over the years. You can’t read the first ten verses without feeling that something utterly important is at stake. You can’t read Galatians and think, “Well this is an interesting piece of religious reflection”—any more than you can examine a live coal with your bare hands. Galatians is a virile statement of the central truths of Christianity. If we as a people can make these truths and this vigor a part of our thinking and our willing, the bones of our faith will be strong and not brittle, and the emotional force of our life in Christ will not be lukewarm but ardent and intense and undivided. The Scottish minister, P. T. Forsythe, said, “The secret of the Lord is with those who have been broken by his cross and healed by his Spirit.” Galatians exalts these two things: the cross of Christ as the only way a person can get right with God, and the Spirit of Christ as the only way a person can obey God. Anything that diminishes the beauty and all-sufficiency of what happened on the cross of Christ is anathema to Paul. Anything that puts our willing or running where the Holy Spirit belongs is witchery to Paul. And the reason we sense a kind of compassionate rage running beneath this letter is that someone had bewitched the Galatians to put themselves where the Spirit belonged and the works of law where faith in the cross belonged. My hope is that you will study this great book with me. That you will marry it and that “the two will become one.” There is nothing that I would rather be over the next several months than a spiritual cupid to help you fall in love afresh with the magnificent Christ of Galatians." (To Deliver Us from the Present Evil Age)

Outline of Galatians 1 (John Butler)

A. The Commencement of Paul (Galatians 1:1–5)

B. The Concern of Paul (Galatians 1:6–12)

C. The Change in Paul (Galatians 1:13–24)

To better understand the epistle to the Galatians read Luke's account of Paul's First Missionary Journey, which was primarily to cities in Southern Galatia. (Acts 13:1-14:28, the journey actually commencing in Acts 13:4. For reference the Second begins in Acts 15:35 and the Third in Acts 18:23) This area of Southern Galatia is what most commentators feel was the "target" audience of this relatively "scathing" letter, one which is unusual for Paul in that it includes no commendation.

M R DeHaan - “GOOD things come in small packages,” is a popular saying, which may or may not always be true. It is, however, true in the case of Paul’s Epistle to the Galatians, which we are studying. It is not one of the longest epistles, containing only six comparatively brief chapters, but they are jammed full of most important doctrines and practical truths. No one can fully understand the relationship between Law and Grace, faith and works, Israel and the Church, without knowing the teaching of the grace of God as set forth in this and the Roman epistle.

Jerry Bridges - In the year 1215, English barons forced King John to sign a historic document, the Magna Carta, giving his assent to a charter of civil liberties for the English people. He did not do this freely and voluntarily, but actually under duress from the English nobles who had confronted him about his totalitarian and unjust rule. The apostle Paul’s letter to the Galatians has been called the great charter of religious freedom, the Christian Declaration of Independence, and the Magna Carta of the church. The FREEDOM set forth in Galatians is not freedom from God, but from those who insist on some form of legalism in the life of a believer. (Read in context Transforming Grace - Living Confidently in God's Unfailing Love)

Christian Freedom is
not the right to do as I wish,
but the power to do as I should.

KEY WORDS IN GALATIANS (Note: Stats are based on NASB77) Just from the key words, can you begin to see what the letter to the Galatians is about?

  • Christ (38x/33v) - Gal 1:1, 3, 6, 7, 10, 12, 22, 2:4, 16 (3x), Gal 2:17(2x), Gal 2:20 (2x), 21, 3:1, 13, 14, 16, 22, 24, 26, 27, 28, 29, 4:14, 19, 5:1, 2, 4, 6, 24, 6:2, 12, 14, 18 (Note that Christ is found in the first and last verse of Galatians! Indeed, He is the Alpha and the Omega, the All in All, Everything we need for life and godliness. Amen).
  • Grace (7x/7v) - Gal 1:3, 6, 15, 2:9, 21, 5:4, 6:18
  • Law (32x/25v) - Gal 2:16 (3x), Gal 2:19 (2x), Gal 2:21, 3:2, 3:5, 10 (2x), Gal 3:11, 12, 13, 17, 18, 19, 21 (3x), Gal 3:23, 24, 4:4, 5, 21 (2x), Gal 5:3, 4, 14, 18, 23, 6:2, 13
  • Gospel (11x/11v) - Gal 1:6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 2:2, 5, 7, 14, 3:8, 4:13,
  • Faith (21x/19v) Gal 1:23, 2:16 (2x), Gal 2:20, 3:2, 5, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 14, 22, 23 (2x), Gal 3:24, 25, 26, 5:5, 6, 6:10
  • Believe (4x/4v) Gal 2:16, 3:6, 9, 22
  • Promise (11x/10v) - Gal 3:14, 16, 17, 18 (2x), Gal 3:19, 21, 22, 29, 4:23, 28
  • Justified (8x/6v) Gal 2:16 (3x), Gal 2:17, 3:8, 11, 24, 5:4
  • Spirit (18x/18v - 16 refer to Holy Spirit) Gal 3:2, 3, 5, 14, 4:6, 29, 5:5, 16, 17, 18, 22, 25, 6:1 (not Holy Spirit), Gal 6:8, 6:18 (not Holy Spirit)
  • Flesh (16x/14v) - Gal 1:16, 2:16, 2:20, 3:3, 4:23, 29, 5:13, 16, 17, 19, 24, 6:8, 6:12, 6:13 (Note: Some uses refer to physical flesh, others to our fallen, "anti-God" nature inherited from Adam)
  • Circumcision/circumcised (13x/12v) - Gal 2:3, 7, 8, 9, 12, 5:1, 3, 6, 11, 6:12, 13 (2x), Gal 6:15
  • Bondage (8x/7v) - Gal 1:10, 2:4, 4:3, 22, 23, 30, 31

KEY VERSES: Galatians 1:4, Galatians 2:16-note, Galatians 2:20-21-note, Galatians 5:1, Galatians 5:16-note

THEME: Justification by faith apart from works of the Law is the theme of this urgent and corrective book.

PURPOSE: To counter and correct the false teaching that living under the Mosaic Law (the Message of Legalism and Works Mindset) was a requirement of the Christian faith (the "Christ life", the Gospel of Grace). Paul clearly wanted believers to understand that they can live the supernatural Christian life ONLY by surrender to and reliance upon the life of Christ and the power of the Spirit and His enabling, transforming grace (cf Gal 2:20, 3:2, 3, 5, 14, 4:19, 5:4, 5:16-25). The key to walking in the freedom (from law, works, world, devil, flesh) is to walk directed and enabled by the Holy Spirit rather than by trying to keep the law or a list of rules, for law and rules only "stir up" the works of the flesh (cp Ro 7:5). How do you know that you are walking by the Spirit? Are you boastful, oppositional, envious? (Gal 5:26) Are you joyful regardless of the circumstances (Gal 5:22-23-note)? How are your relationships (cf Gal 5:13-16,  20-26)?

APPLICATION: Before you begin Galatians, take a few moments and ask the Spirit to search your heart and see if there is any hurtful way in you, anything that is impeding the flow of rivers of living water from your innermost being? (Ps 139:23-24, Jn 7:37-39+) Do I have a works mentality or even subtle tendencies in this direction? Do I follow a list of do's and don'ts that if I keep, I think I have merited God's favor and blessing? Do I have a "do" mentality by which I am seeking the applause of others? Do I experience joy when circumstances dictate otherwise? Am I living according to the lusts of my flesh or in the power of the Spirit?

Related Resources:

D L Moody - Five aspects of Crucifixion in Galatians:

  • I crucified in Christ. Gal 2:20.
  • Christ crucified for me. Gal 3:1.
  • The flesh crucified in me. Gal 5:24.
  • The world crucified unto me. Gal 6:14.
  • I crucified unto the world. Gal 6:14.

An Outline of Galatians - D Edmond Hiebert - See in context in An Introduction to the New Testament, Volume 2
THE INTRODUCTION (Galatians 1:1-10)
    1. The salutation (Galatians 1:1-5) 
         a. The writer (Galatians 1:1-2a) 
             i. Paul, the Apostle (Galatians 1: 1) 
             ii. The brethren with him (Galatians 1:2a) 
         b. The readers (Galatians 1:2b) 
         c. The greeting (Galatians 1:3-5) 
             i. The contents of the greeting (Galatians 1:3a) 
             ii. The source of the grace and peace (Galatians 1:3b-4) 
             iii. The doxology (Galatians 1:5) 
    2. The rebuke (Galatians 1:6-10) 
         a. His astonishment at their fickleness (Galatians 1:6-7) 
             i. The reason for the astonishment (Galatians 1:6) 
             ii. The explanation of the departure (Galatians 1:7) 
         b. His assertion about its seriousness Galatians 1:8-9) 
             i. The seriousness asserted (Galatians 1:8) 
             ii. The seriousness reaffirmed (Galatians 1:9) 
         c. His attitude in the matter (Galatians 1:10) 
         1. How he got his Gospel (Galatians 1:11-24) 
             a. The origin of his Gospel through revelation (Galatians 1: 11-12) 
                  i. The assertion as to its nature (Galatians 1:11) 
                  ii. The manner of its reception (Galatians 1:12) 
             b. The previous conduct of the one given the revelation (Galatians 1:13-14) 
                  i. The manner of his former life known to them Galatians 1:13a) 
                  ii. The description of his former life (Galatians 1:13b-14) 
                      a. In relation to the Church of God (Galatians 1:13b) 
                      b. In relation to Judaism (Galatians 1:14) 
             c. The description of the revelation received (Galatians 1:15-17) 
                  i. The source of the revelation (Galatians 1:15) 
                  ii. The subject of the revelation (Galatians 1:16a) 
                  iii. The purpose of the revelation (Galatians 1:16b) 
                  iv. The response to the revelation (Galatians 1:16c-17) 
             d. His independence of the Jerusalem apostles (Galatians 1:18-24) 
                  i. The first visit to Jerusalem (Galatians 1:18-20) 
                      a. The time of the visit (Galatians 1:18a) 
                      b. The purpose of the visit (Galatians 1:18b) 
                      c. The duration of the visit (Galatians 1:18c) 
                      d. The scope of contacts during the visit (Galatians 1:19-20) 
                  ii. The subsequent absence from Jerusalem (Galatians 1:21-24) 
                      a. The place of his withdrawal (Galatians 1:21) 
                      b. The lack of acquaintance with the Judean churches (Galatians 1:22) 
                      c. The response of the churches to reports about him (Galatians 1:23-24) 
         2. How his Gospel was confirmed by the apostles at Jerusalem (Galatians 2:1-10) 
             a. The circumstances of its presentation to them (Galatians 2:1-2) 
                  i. The journey to Jerusalem (Galatians 2:1-2a) 
                  ii. The presentation made at Jerusalem (Galatians 2:2b) 
             b. The outcome of his presentation of his Gospel to them (Galatians 2:3-10) 
                  i. The maintenance of his position, as seen in Titus Galatians 2:3) 
                  ii. The conflict with the false brethren (Galatians 2:4-5) 
                      a. The presence of the false brethren (Galatians 2:4) 
                      b. The refusal to yield to their demands (Galatians 2:5) 
                  iii. The approval of his Gospel by the Jerusalem leaders (Galatians 2:6-10) 
                      a. Their failure to add anything to his Gospel (Galatians 2:6) 
                      b. Their approval of his Gospel in full (Galatians 2:7-10) 
                           1. The basis of their approval (Galatians 2:7-9a) 
                           2. The expression of their approval (Galatians 2:9b) 
                           3. The one request with their approval (Galatians 2:10) 
         3. How he rebuked Peter's inconsistent conduct (Galatians 2:11-21) 
             a. The circumstances when giving the rebuke (Galatians 2:11-13) 
                  i. The fact of his rebuke of Peter (Galatians 2:11) 
                  ii. The reason for his rebuke of Peter (Galatians 2:12) 
                  iii. The effect of the inconsistent conduct of Peter (Galatians 2:13) 
             b. The justification for giving the rebuke (Galatians 2:14-21) 
                  i. His question of rebuke to Peter (Galatians 2:14) 
                  ii. His explanation of his doctrinal position (Galatians 2:15-21) 
                      a. The insufficiency of the law (Galatians 2:15-18) 
                           1. The discovery of believing Jews about justification (Galatians 2:15-16) 
                           2. The rejection of a conclusion from Peter's action (Galatians 2:17) 
                           3. The significance of a return to law-works (Galatians 2:18) 
                      b. The new life in Christ (Galatians 2:19-21) 
                           1. The effect of the law led to the new life (Galatians 2:19) 
                           2. The nature of the new life (Galatians 2:20) 
                           3. The grace of God nullified by law-keeping (Galatians 2:21) 
         1. The elaboration of the doctrine of justification (Galatians 3:1-4:7) 
             a. The nature of justification as by faith, not law (Galatians 3:1-14) 
                  i. The inconsistency of their conduct (Galatians 3:1-5) 
                      a. The question about their turning from the crucified Christ (Galatians 3:1) 
                      b. The question about the beginning of their Christian life (Galatians 3:2) 
                      c. The question about their method of perfection (Galatians 3:3) 
                      d. The question about their sufferings as believers (Galatians 3:4) 
                      e. The question about the basis of God's work among them (Galatians 3:5) 
                  ii. The example of Abraham's justification (Galatians 3:6-9) 
                      a. The means of Abraham's justification (Galatians 3:6) 
                      b. The identity of the sons of Abraham (Galatians 3:7) 
                      c. The announcement to Abraham concerning Gentile justification by faith (Galatians 3:8) 
                      d. The sharers in the blessings of Abraham (Galatians 3:9) 
                  iii. The deliverance from law-works through Christ (Galatians 3:10-14) 
                      a. The curse upon those under law-works (Galatians 3:10) 
                      b. The inability of law-works to justify (Galatians 3:11-12) 
                      c. The deliverance from the curse through Christ (Galatians 3:13-14) 
                           1. The fact of our deliverance through Christ (Galatians 3:13a) 
                           2. The means of our deliverance from the curse (Galatians 3:13b) 
                           3. The purpose in our deliverance from the curse (Galatians 3:14) 
             b. The limitations of the law and its relations to faith (Galatians 3:15-4:7) 
                  i. The covenant with Abraham unaltered by the law (Galatians 3:15-18) 
                      a. The illustration of a man's covenant as binding (Galatians 3:15) 
                      b. The fact illustrated is the divine promise to Abraham (Galatians 3:16) 
                      c. The application of the principle of an unalterable covenant (Galatians 3:17-18) 
                           1. The law did not alter the promise (Galatians 3:17) 
                           2. The inheritance is not through law but promise (Galatians 3:18) 
                  ii. The true place and purpose of the law (Galatians 3:19-29) 
                      a. The temporary nature of the law (Galatians 3:19-20) 
                           1. The reason for the adding of the law (Galatians 3:19a) 
                           2. The time limit for the law (Galatians 3:19b) 
                           3. The manner of the establishment of the law (Galatians 3:19c-20) 
                      b. The inability of the law to produce life (Galatians 3:21-22) 
                           1. The law not contrary to the promise (Galatians 3:21a) 
                           2. The law unable to produce life (Galatians 3:21b) 
                           3. The Scripture shut up all to faith in Christ (Galatians 3:22) 
                      c. The law as a child-leader to Christ with His blessings (Galatians 3:23-29) 
                           1. The old position under law (Galatians 3:23-24) 
                               a. The position of confinement under law (Galatians 3:23) 
                               b. The function of the law as child-leader to Christ (Galatians 3:24) 
                           2. The new position in Christ (Galatians 3:25-29) 
                               a. The nature of the new position (Galatians 3:25-26) 
                               b. The entry into the new life (Galatians 3:27) 
                               c. The effect of the new life (Galatians 3:28) 
                               d. The fulfillment of the promise to Abraham (Galatians 3:29) 
                  iii. The contrasted position under law and faith (Galatians 4:1-7) 
                      a. The illustration of the position of the heir as a minor (Galatians 4:1-2) 
                      b. The application of the illustration to believers (Galatians 4:3-6) 
                           1. The condition of bondage as minors (Galatians 4:3) 
                           2. The position as free sons through God's Son (Galatians 4:4-6) 
                               a. The sending of the Son of God (Galatians 4:4-5) 
                               b. The sending of the Spirit of God (Galatians 4:6) 
                           3. The conclusion for the believer (Galatians 4:7) 
         2. The appeal for them to drop their legalism (Galatians 4:8-31) 
             a. The acceptance of Jewish legalism is a return to bondage (Galatians 4:8-11) 
                  i. Their past condition of bondage (Galatians 4:8) 
                  ii. Their present deliverance from bondage (Galatians 4:9a) 
                  iii. Their legalism as a return to bondage (Galatians 4:9b-10) 
                  iv. Their action a cause of concern to him (Galatians 4:11) 
             b. The appeal from his relations to them (Galatians 4:12-20) 
                  i. The appeal for them to adopt his position (Galatians 4:12a) 
                  ii. The reminder of his past relations to them (Galatians 4:12b-14) 
                  iii. The change in their relation to him (Galatians 4:15-18) 
                  iv. The travail he is undergoing for them (Galatians 4:19-20) 
             c. The appeal from the two contrasted covenants (Galatians 4:21-31) 
                  i. The question to those desiring to be under law (Galatians 4:21) 
                  ii. The story of Abraham's two sons (Galatians 4:22-23) 
                  iii. The allegorical interpretation of the story (Galatians 4:24-30) 
                      a. The two mothers representing two covenants (Galatians 4:24a) 
                      b. The description of the two covenants (Galatians 4:24b-28) 
                           1. The one representing a covenant of bondage (Galatians 4:24b-25) 
                           2. The other representing a covenant of freedom (Galatians 4:26-28) 
                      c. The expulsion of the slave woman and her son (Galatians 4:29-30) 
                  iv. The conclusion from the story (Galatians 4:31) 
         1. The call to maintain their Christian liberty (Galatians 5:1) 
         2. The peril to Christian liberty (Galatians 5:2-12) 
             a. The peril to them in circumcision (Galatians 5:2-6) 
                  i. The consequences of accepting circumcision (Galatians 5:2-4) 
                      a. It renders Christ useless to them (Galatians 5:2) 
                      b. It makes a man debtor to do the whole law (Galatians 5:3) 
                      c. It severs them from Christ (Galatians 5:4a) 
                      d. It constitutes a fall from grace (Galatians 5:4b) 
                  ii. The attitude of the true believer (Galatians 5:5-6) 
             b. The condemnation of the false teacher (Galatians 5:7-12) 
                  i. The explanation for their defection (Galatians 5:7) 
                  ii. The characterization of the teaching (Galatians 5:8-9) 
                  iii. The condemnation of the one troubling them (Galatians 5:10-12) 
                      a. The confidence he has in them (Galatians 5:10a) 
                      b. The troubler will bear his judgment (Galatians 5:10b) 
                      c. The refutation of charges that he preaches circumcision (Galatians 5:11) 
                      d. The wish that these teachers would go to the consistent end (Galatians 5:12) 
         3. The life of Christian liberty (Galatians 5:13-6:10) 
             a. It is directed by love (Galatians 5:13-15) 
                  i. The believer called to liberty (Galatians 5:13a) 
                  ii. The use of Christian liberty (Galatians 5:13b) 
                  iii. The fulfillment of the law through love (Galatians 5:14) 
                  iv. The results of the lack of love (Galatians 5:15) 
             b. It is a walk in the Spirit, not in the flesh (Galatians 5:16-25) 
                  i. The command to walk by the Spirit (Galatians 5:16) 
                  ii. The conflict between the Spirit and the flesh (Galatians 5:17-18) 
                  iii. The contrasted products of the flesh and the Spirit (Galatians 5:19-23) 
                      a. The works of the flesh (Galatians 5:19-21) 
                      b. The fruit of the Spirit (Galatians 5:22-23) 
                  iv. The persons living by the Spirit (Galatians 5:24-25) 
             c. It is a life of mutual burden-bearing (Galatians 5:26-6:10) 
                  i. The burden of moral faults (Galatians 5:26-6:5) 
                      a. The warning against wrong attitudes towards others (Galatians 5:26) 
                      b. The attitude of humility in restoring the fallen (Galatians 6:1) 
                      c. The duty of mutual burden-bearing (Galatians 6:2) 
                      d. The proper attitude toward self (Galatians 6:3-5) 
                  ii. The burden of temporal needs (Galatians 6:6-10) 
                      a. The exhortation to communicate with their teachers (Galatians 6:6) 
                      b. The law of the spiritual harvest (Galatians 6:7-8) 
                      c. The encouragement to welldoing (Galatians 6:9-10) 
THE CONCLUSION (Galatians 6:11-17)
    1. His reference to his large letters (Galatians 6:11) 
    2. His rebuke of his adversaries (Galatians 6:12-13) 
    3. His confidence in the cross (Galatians 6:14-16) 
         a. His glorying only in the cross (Galatians 6:14a) 
         b. His crucifixion through the cross (Galatians 6:14b) 
         c. His evaluation of things through the cross (Galatians 6:15) 
         d. His benediction upon those accepting this principle (Galatians 6:16) 
    4. His marks of apostleship (Galatians 6:17) 
THE BENEDICTION (Galatians 6:18)
(Read in context An Introduction to the New Testament, Volume 2)

Verse by Verse
Bruce Hurt, MD



HENRY ALFORD (1810-1871)
The New Testament for English Readers
Galatians Commentary

  • Less Greek

Read his fascinating brief biography - Henry Alford and Phil Johnson's related comments

James Rosscup writes that Alford's series on the New Testament "contains much that is valuable in the Greek New Testament...though all of the Greek New Testament words have been changed to English throughout." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)

Charles Haddon Spurgeon (see his comments in following entry on Alford).

Editorial Note: If you are not proficient in Greek, you will find this work considerably more useful than the following work by Alford, because in this volume he translates the Greek and Latin into English. While the "The Greek New Testament" is longer (e.g., English version of 1John = 66 pages compared to Greek version = 94 pages in part because the latter includes comments of more technical nature), the substance of the commentary is otherwise similar to that found in the "NT for English Readers".

Henry Alford's "The New Testament for English Readers"

The Greek New Testament
Galatians Commentary

James Rosscup writes that "This was the great work in the life of the versatile Dean of Canterbury. An outcome of this production was the New Testament for English Readers (4 vols.). Alford was a Calvinist, conservative and premillennial, though not dispensational. He takes a literal interpretation of the thousand years in Rev. 20 and has a famous quote there, is strong on sovereign election as in Ro 8:29, 30 and 1Pe 1:2, but, unfortunately, holds to baptismal regeneration in such texts as Titus 3:5 and John 3:5. He shows a great knowledge of the Greek text and faces problems of both a doctrinal and textual nature." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)

John Piper writes ""When I’m stumped with a...grammatical or syntactical or logical [question] in Paul, I go to Henry Alford. Henry Alford...comes closer more consistently than any other human commentator to asking my kinds of questions."

Charles Haddon Spurgeon writes that this text "is an invaluable aid to the critical study of the text of the New Testament. You will find in it the ripened results of a matured scholarship, the harvesting of a judgment, generally highly impartial, always worthy of respect, which has gleaned from the most important fields of Biblical research, both modern and ancient, at home and abroad. You will not look here for any spirituality of thought or tenderness of feeling; you will find the learned Dean does not forget to do full justice to his own views, and is quite able to express himself vigorously against his opponents; but for what it professes to be, it is an exceedingly able and successful work. The later issues are by far the most desirable, as the author has considerably revised the work in the fourth edition. What I have said of his Greek Testament applies equally to Alford’s New Testament for English Readers,* which is also a standard work." (Spurgeon, C. H. Lectures to my Students, Vol. 4: Commenting and Commentaries; Lectures Addressed to the students of the Pastors' College, Metropolitan Tabernacle)

Henry Alford's 1903 "The Greek Testament"


  • Recommended Resource for Teaching and Preaching

DON ANDERSON - A Practical Verse-by-Verse Study of GALATIANS "You Were Running Well: “Freedom vs. Legalism: The Truth Shall Set You Free” A hard-hitting treatise on Christian liberty for those who want to grow and progress in the Christian life. Learn the burden of legalism and the freedom of grace-living. (12 studies) 

Here is the recommendation of the esteemed Dallas Theological Seminary professor and author Dr Howard G Hendricks (read the tributes to Dr Hendricks) - 

“Few have been more helpful to so many over the years than Don Anderson as he has translated the Bible into practical rules for living… with heart and a head of solid advice.” 

Below are Teaching Notes on all 12 studies - these are not your typical notes but are notes that Don used to teaching the 12 part series on the book of Galatians. They have illustrations, anecdotes, pithy sayings, charts, etc. If you are preaching through Galatians be sure to check these notes out. These studies average about 40 pages each so there is a total of almost 500 pages of teaching notes. This is what I would call a "proverbial goldmine!" 

Below are more Study Notes on all 12 studies - there is even more material here than the 12 studies above because each study has about 150 pages for a total of about 1800 pages of material! There are poems, illustrations, quotes, etc, another "proverbial goldmine" of material for preaching or teaching through the great book of Galatians. 

Click for the Mp3 audios of all 12 lessons taught by Don Anderson on Galatians. Listen or Download (To download Mp3 open study and note the three stacked dots to the right of the volume control - click this and then you can download to your computer to transfer to you favorite Mp3 listening device.)

  • Galatians – Study 1 - 58:27 Galatians 1:1-9
  • Galatians – Study 2 - 1:00:46 Galatians 1:10-24
  • Galatians – Study 3 - 57:49 Galatians 2:1-10
  • Galatians – Study 4 - 58:43 Galatians 2:11-21
  • Galatians – Study 5 - 59:05 Galatians 3:1-14
  • Galatians – Study 6 - 59:01 Galatians 3:15-29
  • Galatians – Study 7 - 1:00:30 Galatians 4:1-11
  • Galatians – Study 8 - 50:30 Galatians 4:12-20
  • Galatians – Study 9 - 55:10 Galatians 4:21-5:1
  • Galatians – Study 10 - 58:06 Galatians 5:2-15
  • Galatians – Study 11 - 58:59 Galatians 5:16-26
  • Galatians – Study 12 - 56:12 Galatians 6:1-18

Commentary on Galatians Pdf


"When I go to heaven..." were Jack Arnold's last words before dying instantly in the pulpit from a heart attack.


Explanation - The following list includes not only commentaries but other Christian works by well known evangelical writers. Most of the resources below are newer works (written after 1970) which previously were available only for purchase in book form or in a Bible computer program. The resources are made freely available by but have several caveats - (1) they do not allow copy and paste, (2) they can only be checked out for one hour (but can be checked out immediately when your hour expires giving you time to read or take notes on a lengthy section) and (3) they require creating an account which allows you to check out the books free of charge. To set up an account click and then click the picture of the person in right upper corner and enter email and a password. That's all you have to do. Then you can read these more modern resources free of charge! I have read or used many of these resources but not all of them so ultimately you will need to be a Berean (Acts 17:11+) as you use them. I have also selected works that are conservative and Biblically sound. If you find one that you think does not meet those criteria please send an email at The resources are listed in alphabetical order by the author's last name and some include reviews of the particular resource. 

The first group of resources below are Galatians commentaries followed by more general resources including study Bible's and one volume commentaries and lastly word study resources. 



The Flesh and the Spirit - An Examination of Galatians 5:19-23

Note: This is not the more widely known series Daily Bible Studies, but is in essence a detailed word study of each of the words in the works of the flesh and the fruit of the Spirit. While some of these word studies are in his Daily Bible Studies series, this work is more complete. To quote Barclay "I have dealt with certain of these words in previous book which I have written on words, but the treatment here is new and very much fuller." One final word is a note of caution for while William Barclay often has very insightful Greek word studies, the Berean-like reader (Acts 17:11+) needs to be aware that he does hold some very unorthodox beliefs. See on site comments and also article on The Enigmatic William Barclay


The Epistle of Paul to the Galatians : an introduction and commentary 196 pages (1965)

James Rosscup comments on a revision in 1989 with additional pages (240 pages).  This is a revision of a work of twenty years before, interacting with scholarly studies since then. It is a good evangelical commentary, well-informed, solid, clear with good help at times on problem verses.

Cyril Barber (also commenting on the 1989 revision) - Cole's first edition has served the Christian community well since 1965. This revision will benefit the next generation of Bible students. The handling of the text is exemplary. Cole is neither tedious nor does he blithely sidestep important issues. His exposition of the theme is also "made to order" and boldlychampions the cause of grace. Highly recommended.


The Communicator's Commentary - Now known as the Preacher's Commentary, a generally well respected series. 11 ratings


The Epistle to the Galatians - The New International Commentary on the New Testament, 1988 by Fung, Ronald Y. K. 39 ratings

Keith Mathison says this work is among "a number of other helpful commentaries on the book of Galatians,"

James Rosscup -   Fung, Ronald Y. K. The Epistle to the Galatians (New International Commentary on the New Testament). Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1988. 342 pp. This takes the place of Hermann Ridderbos’s work. It is thorough, usually with traditional conservative views and with many satisfactory explanations, some even excellent. On verses he is lucid, frequently with some detail, though he skips past some real problems such as having fallen from grace (Gal 5:4), not really explaining. The same thing happens on “crucified with Christ”. He holds the South Galatia theory, takes an A. D. 48 date, has a fairly good introduction overall in which he updates scholarly discussion, and relates 2:1–10 to the famine visit in Acts 11:27–30.

Cyril Barber - The Epistle to the Galatians. New International Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1988. "This expert and lucid commentary . . . will be a very valuable resource to all students grappling with the interpretation of Galatians and with recent scholarly discussion of Paul and Pauline theology."--Gordon D. Fee.


Galatians by Guthrie, Donald, (Not highly rated) 

Cyril Barber - New Century Bible Commentary. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1981. Based on the RSV Following a fairly extensive introduction the writer settles down to provide his readers with brief comments on select words and/or phrases in the text. These remarks are of value for the philological and theological light they shed but do not provide the reader with a consecutive exposition of the apostle's thought.


Galatians - The IVP New Testament Commentary Series, Volume 9 See the 9 ratings


Galatians in Wycliffe Bible Commentary, ed. C. F. Pfeiffer and E. F. Harrison. Chicago: Moody, 1962.

James Rosscup - The author, a famous New Testament scholar at Fuller Theological Seminary for many years and a leading evangelical in his field, offers a concise, well-pondered work explaining many issues satisfactorily. His thoughts are carefully weighed, and he often provides good though brief reasons for views.


Exposition of Galatians by Hendriksen, William (1968)

New Testament commentary : exposition of Galatians [and] exposition of Ephesians by Hendriksen, William (1989)

James Rosscup - Staunch reformed commentary is competent in the Greek and the background, offering rich detail on verses, documented views, reasons, and a warmth of practical comment, all of this helpful to expositors. Hendriksen’s many New Testament commentaries are well-respected and widely-used by pastors, Bible class teachers and many lay people. Often his discussions are quite full and illuminating. Due to the date the work cannot be current in discussing scholarly contributions, but it does carry quite a weight of explaining the verses up to its day.


Liberated for life : Galatians - a Bible Commentary for Laymen by MacArthur, John (Published 1979)

Note this is not his more modern commentary Galatians. 


Galatians : from Biblical text-- to contemporary life by McKnight, Scot. 58 ratings


Galatians : Paul's charter of Christian freedom by Morris, Leon,

James Rosscup - This concise product often says a lot that shoots to the crux in a well-organized form. Morris has readable print and flowing style. Teachers, preachers, students and laity will profit by following through verses and getting some careful help on some of the problems, though at times space does not allow posing considerations (3:17; 6:16), contributing to some generality. It is a rather good survey by a discerning scholar, it simply vies with many works that provide far more, at least for teachers and diligent studying pastors.

Keith Mathison says Morris' work is among "a number of other helpful commentaries on the book of Galatians."

Cyril Barber - Galatians: Paul’s Charter of Christian Freedom. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1996. With his usual acumen Morris explains the theme of Galatians, deftly wending his way through the interpretative difficulties. He explores Paul’s bold affirmations, and in applying the text to our generation ably bridges the gap between the 1st century and the closing years of this century. The bottom line of his explanation of Paul’s emphasis on Christian freedom is a challenge to his readers to live life in light of the purity of the gospel. Recommended.


Not I but Christ - This is not a commentary on the book of Galatians but does exposition one of the most life-changing passages in this epistle, Galatians 2:20. 


The Epistle of Paul to the churches of Galatia 10 ratings

Tim Mathison - Herman Ridderbos — The Epistle of Paul to the Churches of Galatia (1953). Herman Ridderbos’ commentary on Galatians was one of the first in the NICNT series. It has since been replaced first by Fung and then by DeSilva (See Runners-Up below). Although his commentary does not interact with contemporary scholarship and issues such as the New Perspective on Paul, this remains an outstanding commentary. It is worth noting that his large work Paul: An Outline of His Theology remains relevant and important to this day. Now that Eerdmans has re-released his commentary as a stand-alone work, I have no hesitation about including it in the top 5.


Stay the course and stick with the true Gospel : a study in Galatians and call to sound doctrine by Stauffer, Claude T - 2009 - 334 pages

NOTE: Stauffer is a pastor so this will be written from that perspective and therefore might be very useful in preaching and teaching this great Pauline Epistle. Stauffer is conservative and evangelical. I did not read the entire work but read enough to feel comfortable that it is "sound doctrine" (after all that is the intent of the title!) 


The message of Galatians by Stott, John R. W  119 ratings

The message of Galatians another copy of this book 

Tim ChalliesJohn Stott – Message of Galatians: Only One Way (The Bible Speaks Today). John Stott is a powerful commentator who inevitably has fascinating insights; he is also strong in distilling important points down to pithy phrases. I always benefit from reading his commentaries. This one is highly regarded and apparently makes an excellent choice for the pastor or devotional reader alike.

James Rosscup - Here is a short but provocative expository treatment of the text. It is well-suited for the preacher/teacher or the interested layman and highly readable. It is in The Bible Speaks Today series.


Galatians: letter of liberation, Bible study guide


Galatians : a call to Christian liberty (Everyman's Bible Commentary series) See 6 ratings

Cyril Barber - Vos, Howard E Galatians: A Call to Christian Liberty. Everyman's Bible Commentary. Chicago: Moody Press, 1971. Emphasizing the need for biblical "freedom," the writer expounds Paul's teaching in an understandable manner


Be Free: An Expository Study of Galatians 413 ratings 

Wiersbe's writings always yield valuable nuggets of truth for preaching and teaching. 


KJV Bible Commentary Judges - Hindson, Edward E; Kroll, Woodrow Michael. This is not a study Bible per se, but a one volume commentary with over 3000 pages of comments covering the entire OT/NT. There is no restriction on length of time one can use, but there is no copy and paste function. These are excellent conservative comments that interpret Scripture from a literal perspective.  User reviews - it generally gets 4/5 stars from users. Recommended. 

The King James Study Bible Second Edition (2013) (Thomas Nelson) contributing editors (only first is listed) include Wayne A. Brindle. There is no restriction on length of time one can use, but there is no copy and paste function.

Zondervan NIV Study Bible - (2011) 2570 pages  - Use this one if available as it has more notes than edition below. One hour limit

NIV Study Bible by Barker, Kenneth L; Burdick, Donald W (1995) 2250 pages. This is the first edition. This resource has been fully revised in 2020. One hour limit 

NKJV Study Bible: New King James Version Study Bible (formerly "The Nelson Study Bible - NKJV") by Radmacher, Earl D; Allen, Ronald Barclay; House, H. Wayne (1997, 2007); 917 ratings Very helpful notes. Conservative. There is no restriction on length of time one can use, but there is no copy and paste function.

Believer's Bible Commentary - OT and NT - MacDonald, William (1995) 2480 pages. Conservative. Literal. Often has very insightful comments. John MacArthur, says "Concise yet comprehensive - the most complete single-volume commentary I have seen." Warren Wiersbe adds "For the student who is serious about seeing Christ in the Word." One hour limit.

Rosscup - This work, originally issued in 1983, is conservative and premillennial, written to help teachers, preachers and people in every walk of life with different views, explanation and application. The 2-column format runs verse by verse for the most part, usually in a helpfully knowledgeable manner, and there are several special sections such as “Prayer” in Acts and “Legalism” in Galatians. The premillennial view is evident on Acts 1:6, 3:20, Romans 11:26, Galatians 6:16, Revelation 20, etc.

HCSB Study Bible : Holman Christian Standard Bible - General Editor Jeremy Royal Howard (2010) 2360 pages. Conservative. Good notes. Include Holmans excellent maps. One hour limit

Life Application Study Bible: Old Testament and New Testament: New Living Translation. Has some very helpful notes especially with application of texts. 4,445 ratings One hour limit

The MacArthur study Bible - John MacArthur. Brief but well done notes for conservative, literal perspective. 1,275 ratings

ESV study Bible - Excellent resource but not always literal in eschatology and the nation of Israel 6,004 ratings

The David Jeremiah Study Bible - (2013) 2208 pages. 2,272 ratings - "Drawing on more than 40 years of study, Dr. David Jeremiah has compiled a legacy resource that will make an eternal impact on generations to come. 8,000 study notes. Hundreds of enriching word studies"50+ Essentials of the Christian Faith" articles."

Wycliffe Bible Commentary - Charles Pfeiffer - 1560 pages (1962). 214 ratings Less detailed than the KJV Bible Commentary. Conservative. Notes are generally verse by verse but brief. 

Rosscup - Conservative and premillennial scholars here have been experts in their fields. The work contains brief introductions and attempts to give a verse-by-verse exposition, though it does skip over some verses. The treatments vary with the authors, but as a whole it is a fine one-volume commentary for pastors and students to use or give to a layman. Outstanding sections include, for example: Whitcomb on Ezra-Nehemiah-Esther; Culver on Daniel; Ladd on Acts; Harrison on Galatians; Johnson on I Corinthians; and Ryrie on the Johannine Epistles.

The Defender's Study Bible : King James Version by Morris, Henry M. Excellent notes by well known creationist. 45 ratings 

New Bible Commentary - (1994) See user reviews

Compact Bible commentary by Radmacher, Earl D; Allen, Ronald Barclay; House, H Wayne, et al - 954 pages.  424 ratings Multiple contributors to the comments which are often verse by verse. The comments are brief but meaty and can really help your study through a given book. A sleeper in my opinion. 

The Experiencing God Study Bible: the Bible for knowing and doing the will of God - Blackaby, Henry (1996) 1968 pages - CHECK THIS ONE! Each chapter begins with several questions under the title "PREPARE TO MEET GOD." Then you will interesting symbols before many of the passages. The chapter ends with a "DID YOU NOTICE?" question. This might make a "dry chapter" jump off the page! Read some of the 48 ratings

Disciple's study Bible: New international version 54 ratings Not that helpful for verse by verse study. Focuses on application of Christian doctrines. 10,000 annotations; doctrinal summaries, "Life Helps" section relate doctrine to everyday discipleship. 

The Living Insights Study Bible : New International Version - Charles Swindoll. Notes are good but somewhat sparse and not verse by verse.

The Apologetics Study Bible Understand Why You Believe by Norman Geisler

NIV archaeological study Bible (2005) 2360 pages 950 ratings (See also Archaeology and the Bible - OT and NT)

NIV Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible. Bringing to Life the Ancient World of Scripture Keener, Craig and Walton, John. Editors (2017)

The Holman illustrated study Bible 120 ratings Includes the excellent Holman maps but otherwise of little help in serious study.

Zondervan King James Version commentary - New Testament

NIV Celebrate Recovery Study Bible

Daily Study Bible for Women : New Living Translation

The Woman's Study Bible : the New King James Version

The Study Bible for Women : Holman Christian Standard Bible

Daily Study Bible for Men : New Living Translation

NIV Topical Study Bible : New International Version

The Ryrie Study Bible - Charles Ryrie (1978) 2142 pages. Conservative.  216 ratings

The Hebrew-Greek key study Bible : New American standard study by Strong, James, 1822-1894; Zodhiates, Spiros

The New Inductive Study Bible : updated New American Standard Bible - Introductions of each book give suggestions how to perform an inductive study on that specific book. Not strictly speaking a "study Bible" with notes but a Bible to help you study inductively. Has wide margins for making notes. This is one that works best in "paper," not digitally. 

With the Word - Devotional Commentary - Warren Wiersbe - 428 ratings

Evangelical Commentary on the Bible - Judges by Andrew Boling (20 pages); editor Walter Elwell (1989) 1239 pages. User reviews. (See also Boling's 380 page commentary on Judges the Anchor Bible Series)

Halley's Bible Handbook Henry H. Halley - (2000) 2720 pages (much larger than original edition in 1965 and no time limit on use). (Halley's Bible handbook : an abbreviated Bible commentary - one hour limit 1965 872 pages)

Rosscup - A much-used older evangelical handbook bringing together a brief commentary on Bible books, some key archaeological findings, historical background, maps, quotes, etc. It is helpful to a lay Bible teacher, Sunday School leader, or pastor looking for quick, pertinent information on a Bible book. This is the 72nd printing somewhat revised. Halley packed in much information. Unger’s is better overall, but that is not to say that Halley’s will not provide much help on basic information.

The Shaw Pocket Bible Handbook - Editor - Walter Elwell (1984) 408 pages.

"This hardback is small in size but packed full of content: Brief summaries of every book of the bible, cultural, archaeological and historical info, word definitions, pictures, maps and charts." Worth checking! 

The Lion handbook to the Bible - (1999) 822 pages. This resource is absolutely loaded with very nice color pictures and charts.

Wiersbe's Expository Outlines on the New Testament by Wiersbe, Warren W

Cyril Barber - This is a book of exceptional merit. Pastors, missionaries, and Christian workers will profit from its use. Wiersbe introduces each book of the NT, provides an outline, and then furnishes his readers with a chapter-by-chapter discussion of the contents. The homiletic style is a “plus.” Recommended.

Wiersbe's expository outlines on the Old Testament by Wiersbe, Warren W 113 ratings

"Even the most difficult Scriptures come alive as Warren Wiersbe leads you book-by-book through the Old Testament and helps you to see the "big picture" of God's revelation. In this unique volume, you will find: • Introductions and/or outlines for every Old Testament book • Practical expositions of strategic chapters • Special studies on key topics, relating the Old Testament to the New Testament • Easy-to-understand expositions that are practical, preachable, and teachable If you have used Dr. Wiersbe's popular BE series, you know how simple and practical his Bible studies are, with outlines that almost teach themselves. If not, you can now discover a wonderful new resource. This work is a unique commentary on every book of the Old Testament. It contains new material not to be found in the BE series.

The Bible knowledge background commentary : Matthew-Luke by Evans, Craig A -  This resource will give you very interesting insights and is worth checking on individual passages. 

Harper study Bible : the Holy Bible, Revised Standard Version

The Jewish Study Bible - Only OT - Interesting Jewish perspective.

The Student Bible : New International Version

Hebrew-Greek key word study Bible : New international version

Key word commentary : thoughts on every chapter of the Bible by Water, Mark

Eerdmans' Family Encyclopedia of the Bible (1978) 344 pages

Eerdmans' Handbook to the Bible (1983) 688 pages 

Tyndale Handbook of Bible charts & maps by Wilson, Neil  

Bible Handbook and A-Z bible encyclopedia

International Children's Bible field guide : answering kids' questions from Genesis to Revelation by Richards, Larry

The illustrated guide to Bible customs & curiosities by Knight, George W. (George William), 

Today's handbook of Bible times & customs by Coleman, William L

Unger's Commentary on the Old Testament (Volume 2 - Isaiah - Malachi) by  Unger, Merrill Frederick, 1909- (1981) 972 pages.

The new Unger's Bible dictionary by Unger, Merrill Frederick, 1909-

Nelson's illustrated encyclopedia of Bible facts by Packer, J. I. (James Innell); Tenney, Merrill C.

Survey of the Bible : introductory insights, background studies, book-by- book survey by Unger, Merrill Frederick

The parallel New Testament and Unger's Bible handbook : produced for Moody monthly by Unger, Merrill  (1975) 744 pages 4 ratings

The Hodder Bible handbook by Unger, Merrill 

Nelson's expository dictionary of the Old Testament by Unger, Merrill 

Kregel Bible handbook : a full-color guide to every book of the Bible by Kerr, William 3 ratings

The new encyclopedia of Christian quotations by Water, Mark

New Testament words - William Barclay - very interesting resource - covers about 70 NT Greek words in Barclay's unique style

Zondervan handbook to the Bible

Zondervan illustrated Bible backgrounds commentary - Matthew, Mark, Luke - 552 pages. (2002) See user reviews.

Zondervan illustrated Bible backgrounds commentary - John

Zondervan illustrated Bible backgrounds commentary - Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel

Dictionary of Paul and his letters   180 ratings IVP Series

The Dictionary of Paul and His Letters is a one-of-a-kind reference work. Following the format of its highly successful companion volume, the Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels, this Dictionary is designed to bring students, teachers, ministers and laypeople abreast of the established conclusions and significant recent developments in Pauline scholarship. No other single reference work presents as much information focused exclusively on Pauline theology, literature, background and scholarship. In a field that recently has undergone significant shifts in perspective, the Dictionary of Paul and His Letters offers a summa of Paul and Pauline studies. In-depth articles focus on individual theological themes (such as law, resurrection and Son of God), broad theological topics (such as Christology, eschatology and the death of Christ), methods of interpretation (such as rhetorical criticism and social-scientific approaches), background topics (such as apocalypticism, Hellenism and Qumran) and various other subjects specifically related to the scholarly study of Pauline theology and literature (such as early catholicism, the center of Paul's theology, and Paul and his interpreters since F. C. Baur). Separate articles are also devoted to each of the Pauline letters to hermeneutics and to preaching Paul today.

Dictionary of the later New Testament & its developments 71 ratings IVP Series

The third of IVP's critically acclaimed series of dictionaries of the New Testament provides focused study on the often-neglected portions of the New Testament: Acts, Hebrews, the General Epistles, and Revelation. Furthermore, its scope goes beyond the life of the New Testament church to include the work of the apostolic fathers and early Christianity up through the middle of the second century.

Dictionary of New Testament background 79 ratings IVP Series

 In a time when our knowledge of the ancient Mediterranean world has grown by leaps and bounds, this volume sets out for readers the wealth of Jewish and Greco-Roman background that should inform our reading and understanding of the New Testament and early Christianity. The Dictionary of New Testament Background takes full advantage of the flourishing study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and offers individual articles focused on the most important scrolls. In addition, the Dictionary encompasses the fullness of second-temple Jewish writings, whether pseudepigraphic, rabbinic, parables, proverbs, histories or inscriptions. Articles abound on aspects of Jewish life and thought, including family, purity, liturgy and messianism. The full scope of Greco-Roman culture is displayed in articles ranging across language and rhetoric, literacy and book culture, religion and cults, honor and shame, patronage and benefactors, travel and trade, intellectual movements and ideas, and ancient geographical perspectives. No other reference work presents so much in one place for students of the New Testament. Here an entire library of scholarship is made available in summary form. 

Dictionary of deities and demons in the Bible (DDD) - 950 pages (1995) Read some of the 65 ratings (4.8/5 Stars). A definitive in depth resource on this subject. Very expensive to purchase. 


NOTE - All of these resources can be borrowed from This list also includes resources to help study the Bible. 

See also the list of Word Study Resources 

The Complete Word Study Dictionary: New Testament by Zodhiates, Spiros - This is my "go to" resource for Greek word studies. One on the best lexicons for laymen. Highly Recommended for Greek Word Studies to aid your interpretation of a passage. 

Analytical Lexicon of the Greek New Testament by Friberg, Timothy. Shorter definitions than Zodhiates but does an excellent job in summarizing the various nuances of a specific Greek word. One of my favorites.

Shorter Lexicon of the Greek New Testament by Gingrich, F. Wilbur. Similar to Friberg but shorter definitions. Gingrich however gives more Scriptures for each nuance, whereas Friberg generally gives only one representative Scripture. 

The New Linguistic and Exegetical Key to the Greek New Testament by Rogers, Cleon - This book is a gold mine of little gems on individual Greek words in any NT passage you are studying. If you have time it is always worth checking out! I use it in my Greek word studies all the time. 

New Testament Words - William Barclay - 59 ratings very interesting resource - covers about 70 NT Greek words in Barclay's unique style. On page 289 there is a helpful index of English words with the corresponding Greek word, in turn followed by the places Barclay described them in New Testament Words and in his Daily Study Bible series (see list of DSB commentaries here). E.g., take the Greek word for "Covetousness" which is pleonexia and is found in New Testament Words on page 61 and pp 233-235 and is also described in the Daily Study Bible entries for : Mark 7:14-23; Ro 1:28-32; Eph. 4:17-24; Col. 3:5. So you can click the DSB commentary on Mark 7 and scroll down to Mark 7:14 to see Barclay's entry for pleonexia which concludes "Pleonexia ( G4124) is that lust for having which is in the heart of the man who sees happiness in things instead of in God." Interesting!

Greek-English lexicon of the New Testament : based on semantic domains - Louw Nida. Brief but nice definitions. Not easy to use - you need to know some Greek. Classifies Greek words into 93 "semantic domains" (see list on page XXV) and if you can categorize the word you are looking for in one of the domains, it can help find the specific word you are interested in. 

Kittel's Theological Dictionary of the New Testament : abridged in one volume (TDNT) - Classic ("Little Kittel") work summarizing the 10 volume set by Kittel. For most of us the abridged definition is "more than enough!" 

A Greek-English lexicon of the New Testament, and other early Christian literature; by Bauer, Walter, More detailed definitions but need to know Greek. Zodhiates and Friberg much easier to use. 

Liddell and Scott's Greek-English lexicon, abridged : the little Liddell by Liddell, Henry George. The abridged version. You need to know Greek to use.

Exegetical dictionary of the New Testament (Volume 1 - A thru E);  Exegetical dictionary of the New Testament (Volume 3- P thru ...) Volume 2 not available. I do not find this adds much to the easier to use resources like Zodhiates and Friberg. 

A pocket lexicon to the Greek New Testament by Souter, Alexander. Brief definitions. Need to know some Greek. Not that helpful. 

Vine's Expository Dictionary of Old Testament and New Testament Words - pdf. The old standby. You can also borrow Vine's complete expository dictionary of Old and New Testament words

Theological wordbook of the Old Testament by Harris, R. Laird - 229 ratings (5/5 Stars) One of the best OT lexicons for laymen.

Here is another link to the TWOT which has no time limit on use and does allow copy and paste. Can be downloaded as PDF. 

Hebrew honey : a simple and deep word study of the Old Testament by Novak, Alfons,  (332 pages) Indexed by English words. No Strong's numbers to help you determine if you are researching the correct Hebrew word. Here is a "work around" - go to page 289 and see if there is an annotation of the Scripture you are studying. E.g., say you want to see if there is anything for "heart" in Ezek 11:19. In the Scripture list find an entry for Ezek 11:19 with the English word "Heart." Now go look up "Heart" (on page 123). It does take some effort, but you might glean an insight not described in other Hebrew lexicons.

Nelson's Expository Dictionary of the Old Testament by Unger, Merrill. Indexed by English word and then any related Hebrew nouns or verbs. Definitions are solid and geared to the lay person. 

Zondervan NASB exhaustive concordance - 1589 pages

Pocket dictionary for the study of New Testament Greek by DeMoss, Matthew S. If you want to dig a little deeper into Greek. 66 ratings

Analytical concordance to the Holy Bible : containing about 311,000 references, subdivided under the Hebrew and Greek original with the literal meaning and pronunciation of each by Young, Robert,

The Englishman's Greek concordance of the New Testament by Wigram, George

Synonyms of the New Testament by Trench, Richard Chenevix - or click here for list of 108 entries

Girdlestone's Synonyms of the Old Testament - click for list of 127 entries

The Holman guide to interpreting the Bible by Dockery, David S

Foundations for biblical interpretation : a complete library of tools and resources

Expository Dictionary of Bible Words by Richards, Larry,  33 ratings It is does not go into great depth on the Greek or Hebrew words but does have some excellent insights. 

Basic Bible Interpretation : a Practical Guide to Discovering Biblical Truth by Roy Zuck. Recommended.

How to Study Your Bible by Arthur, Kay (CLICK HERE for many other resources from Kay Arthur). The basics of inductive Bible study succinctly described. Recommended. This is the original edition not the new edition.

Living by the Book by Howard G. Hendricks - A classic. An entertaining and informative read that is guaranteed to invigorate your Bible study. Recommended.

Teaching to Change Lives by Howard Hendricks, Howard 561 ratings

The Christian Educator's Handbook on Teaching by Kenneth Gangel and Howard Hendricks 21 ratings

How can I understand the Bible? by DeHaan, Mart (52 page booklet)

The New How to Study Your Bible Workbook (2010) by Arthur, Kay, - Note that this workbook is the companion to the New How to Study Your Bible book (not the same as the one linked above).

Jensen's Survey of Bible (online) by Jensen, Irving  140 ratings (NT) 133 ratings (OT) This is a classic and in conjunction with the following three resources should give you an excellent background to the Bible book you are studying. Jensen has some of the best Book charts available and includes "key words." He also gives you some guidelines as to how to begin your inductive study of each book. 

Discover the Bible for Yourself by Arthur, Kay 93 ratings - Proven methods to read, mark, and study God's Word. Introductions to set the stage for each book of the Bible. Maps and charts to add historic and geographic dimension. Word studies for NASB and NIV translations. Definitions and explanations to simplify interpretation. "Things to Think About" for personal application. This resource will inspire and guide anyone interested in creating a personal study of God's Word.

What the Bible is all about by Mears, Henrietta. This is a classic and is filled with "pearls" from this godly teacher of God's Word. 

Talk thru the bible by Wilkinson, Bruce  The Wilkinson & Boa Bible handbook : the ultimate guide to help you get more out of the Bible

How to profit from Bible reading by Jensen, Irving 2 ratings

Simply understanding the Bible by Jensen, Irving 8 ratings

Enjoy your Bible by Jensen, Irving 5 ratings

Independent Bible study by Jensen, Irving 14 ratings

MacArthur Study Bible - Topic "How to Study the Bible" - John MacArthur 

MacArthur's Introductions to all 66 Books - includes a helpful discussion of "Interpretative Challenges" 

Swindoll's introductions to all 66 Books - Answers the following questions - Who wrote the book? Where are we? Why is this book so important? What's the big idea? How do I apply this? He also includes a helpful Book Overview chart (right upper corner of page). 

How to Get the Most from God's Word by John MacArthur 16 ratings

Journey of the Bible : the remarkable story of how the Bible came from God to you by Jensen, Irving

Expository (Sermon) Commentary

Galatians 1 Commentary

Galatians 2 Commentary

Galatians 3 Commentary

Galatians 4 Commentary

Galatians 5 Commentary

Galatians 6 Commentary

Commentary on Galatians
Daily Study Bible

D Edmond Hiebert - Uses author's own translation. Especially valuable for the historical background material presented. Good word studies and various illustrations. (from Hiebert's critique of Barclay on Peter's epistles - "Barclay holds that Christ's descent into Hades gave those who there heard Him a second chance.")

Comment: I appreciate Barclay's unique insights on Greek words, but clearly his teaching about a "second chance" is NOT sound doctrine! Be an Acts 17:11 Berean with Barclay. See discussion of his orthodoxy especially the article "The Enigmatic William Barclay".

Commentary on Galatians

James Rosscup writes that Barnes "includes 16 volumes on the Old Testament, 11 on the New Testament. The New Testament part of this old work was first published in 1832–1851. Various authors contributed. It is evangelical and amillennial...Often the explanations of verses are very worthwhile." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)

C H Spurgeon "Albert Barnes is a learned and able divine, but his productions are unequal in value, the gospels are of comparatively little worth, but his other comments are extremely useful for Sunday-school teachers and persons with a narrow range of reading, endowed with enough good sense to discriminate between good and evil....Placed by the side of the great masters, Barnes is a lesser light, but taking his work for what it is and professes to be, no minister can afford to be without it, and this is no small praise for works which were only intended for Sunday-school teachers." (Spurgeon, C. H. Lectures to my Students, Vol. 4: Commenting and Commentaries; Lectures Addressed to the students of the Pastors' College, Metropolitan Tabernacle)

Studies in the Epistle of Paul to the Galatians

Calvary Chapel, Murrieta
Notes on Galatians

Commentary on Galatians
Gnomon of the New Testament

Index to Mt-Rev Chapter by Chapter

James Rosscup writes "This work (Gnomon), originally issued in 1742, has considerable comment on the Greek, flavoring the effort with judicious details about the spiritual life. It has much that helps, but has been surpassed by many other commentaries since its day." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)

Commentary on Galatians
The Critical English Testament

Similar to above but less Greek

Charles Haddon Spurgeon -- "'A Critical New Testament, so compiled as to enable a reader, unacquainted with Greek, to ascertain the exact English force and meaning of the language of the New Testament, and to appreciate the latest results of modern criticism.' Such is the professed aim of this commentary, and the compilers have very fairly carried out their intentions. The whole of Bengel’s Gnomon is bodily transferred into the work, and as one hundred and twenty years have elapsed since the first issue of that book, it may be supposed that much has since been added to the wealth of Scripture exposition; the substance of this has been incorporated in brackets, so as to bring it down to the present advanced state of knowledge. We strongly advise the purchase of this book, as it is multum in parvo, and will well repay an attentive perusal. Tischendorf and Alford have contributed largely, with other German and English critics, to make this one of the most lucid and concise commentaries on the text and teachings of the New Testament" (Spurgeon, C. H. Lectures to my Students, Vol. 4: Commenting and Commentaries; Lectures Addressed to the students of the Pastors' College, Metropolitan Tabernacle)

Sermons Galatians

Resources that Reference Galatians

Resources on Galatians


An Outline to the Epistle to the Galatians

Introduction - 1:1-5
The Problem - 1:6-10

  1. The Biographical Argument: An Independent Revelation - 1:11-2:21

    1. Independent of Human Teaching - 1:11-17

    2. Independent of Judean Churches - 1:18-24

    3. Independent of the Judaizers - 2:1-10

    4. Independent of Apostolic Pressure - 2:11-18

    5. Independent of Selfish Interest - 2:19-21

  2. The Doctrinal Argument: The Failure of Legalism - 3:1-4:31

    1. From Personal Experience - 3:1-5

    2. From Old Testament Teaching - 3:6-14

    3. From Priority of Promise - 3:15-22

    4. From Superiority of Mature Faith - 3:23-4:7

    5. From Danger of Reaction - 4:8-11

    6. From Contrast of Motives - 4:12-20

    7. From Contrast of Bondage & Liberty - 4:21-31

  3. III. The Practical Argument: The Effects of Liberty - 5:7-6:10

    1. Introduction - 5:1

    2. The Consequences of Liberty - 5:2-12

    3. Definition of Freedom - 5:13-15

    4. Individual Practice - 5:16-24

    5. Social Practice - 5:25-6:10

Conclusion - 6:11-18

  1. Motive of Liberty - 6:11-16

  2. Price of Liberty - 6:17

Galatians Commentary

An Exposition of the Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Galatians - 1853

Note: At the top of every other page one can usually discern which specific verse is being exposited.

C H Spurgeon writes that "Brown is a modern Puritan. All his expositions are of the utmost value. The volume on Galatians is one of the scarcest books in the market.." (Spurgeon, C. H. Lectures to my Students, Vol. 4: Commenting and Commentaries; Lectures Addressed to the students of the Pastors' College, Metropolitan Tabernacle)

This work belongs to the same class with the others from the pen of the same author, which we have had repeated occasion to notice, and which taken together, already form a contribution to our exegetical literature, such as, whether in extent or importance, no other writer of our age has furnished.—Journal of Sacred Literature

It is a remarkable instance of a difficult theme made plain, and of a dry one made interesting. It would be easy to quote passage upon passage in support of this commendatory notice of this invaluable work. For us even to praise Dr. Brown as an expositor of Scripture we feel to be verging on presumption, and all we can desire for the readers of his book is some measure of the gratitude and admiration which its perusal has excited in ourselves.—United Presbyterian Magazine

Commentary on Galatians

Commentary on Galatians
(see bio)

Commentary on Galatians (1906)

"Designed for Pastors and Sunday Schools"

Commentary on Galatians
Expository Notes


Sermon Notes


Believers Chapel

Audio and Pdf - Galatians - Click for complete listing

Commentary on Galatians

 550 page commentary published in 1869!

Recommended: One has to "sift" through his prolific comments but there is "gold in those hills" as the prospectors say! 

Rosscup - Based on the Greek text, this commentary grapples with problems in an energetic fashion, presenting various views and coming to conclusions. It is voluminous (480 pages).

Spurgeon - This is a most careful attempt to ascertain the meaning of the Apostle by a painstaking analysis of his words. The author is not warped by any system of theology, but yet he does not deviate from recognized evangelical truth. As a piece of honest grammatical exegesis the value of this commentary is very great, though there is room to differ from it here and there. (Lectures to my Students, Vol. 4: Commenting and Commentaries)

D Edmond Hiebert -    Eadie, John, Commentary on the Epistle of Paul to the Galatians. (1869). -  Greek text. A thorough, very helpful exposition for those knowing Greek, but due to its age lacks the insights of more recent investigation. Supports the North-Galatian theory; has an extended note on the identity of James, the Lord's brother (pp. 57-100). (An Introduction to the NT)

Devotionals on Galatians
Back to the Bible

Click here for Devotionals Listed below

  • Galatians 1:1-10: Don't Minimize God's Grace!
  • Galatians 2:1-10: The Marks of a Christian
  • Galatians 1:11-17 The Response of Faith
  • Galatians 2:11-21: Dying to Live
  • Galatians 3:1-14: Law, Grace and Victory
  • Galatians 3:15-25: Added, Not Mixed
  • Galatians 4:19-31: Born Free!
  • Galatians 4:22-26: Results of the Lack of Faith
  • Galatians 4:30-31 Flesh and Spirit in Conflict
  • Galatians 5:1-7: The Law of Liberty
  • Galatians 5:13-26: Cast Your Vote for Victory!
  • Galatians 5:16-26: Constant Grace
  • Galatians 5:16 Spirit-Controlled or Carnal
  • Galatians 5:16-17: Flesh and Spirit in Conflict
  • Galatians 5:17 Conflict is Inevitable
  • Galatians 5:22,23 Meekness: Strength Under Control
  • Galatians 6:1 Restoring a Brother
  • Galatians 6:7 Sowing and Reaping
  • Galatians 6:11-18: Boasting That Brings Blessing!
  • Galatians 6:16-23 Flesh and Spirit in Conflict

Teacher helps on Galatians
Galatians: Liberated Faith

Commentary on Galatians
Frederic Rendall

The Expositor's Bible
Commentary on Galatians

D Edmond Hiebert - Findlay, G. G., "The Epistle to the Galatians," The Expositor's Bible. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Pub. Co., Vol. V (1943 reprint). An exhaustive exposition by a conservative scholar of the past century. Contains much relevant material in spite of its age.


Epistle of Paul to the Galatians

180 page book

Commentary Notes on Galatians

Commentary on Galatians


His Side versus Our Side: Overview of Galatians Or, What is a True Christian? (1947)

If the Christian faith is true -- and it is, blessedly true -- the importance of a correct understanding of Christian truth and of the nature of the life produced by it cannot be over-emphasized. Human destiny is at stake. Yet the popular misconception of the Christian life, everywhere prevalent in Christendom, both inside the Church and out, and that in a day of boasted intelligence and learning, is nothing short of tragic. It is both baffling and alarming. Yet, in a sense, the fact that the essential character of Christian truth should be so far beyond popular comprehension is a tribute to our Faith. To our mind, as a result of wide observation, the most serious error of our day is the popular notion that the Christian life is a matter of CONDUCT. Do certain things; don't do certain things, and you are a Christian! This confining of Christian living to behaviour is altogether shallow, superficial, and above all else FUTILE. What is a Christian? The answer runs somewhat thus: A Christian is one who accepts CHRIST, especially as the teacher of a way of life; he adopts a set of habits, such as church attendance, Bible reading, prayer; he associates with other "Christian" people; he doesn't lie, steal, or get drunk; he is fair in his dealings with his fellowmen; he can be counted on to take a "Christian" attitude toward the questions of the day. A "Christian" is one who conforms to certain standards! And essential change in the PERSON, productive of such conduct, is ignored. This is GALATIANISM in its modern, most common form. It is this against which the Apostle Paul contended with passionate conviction that it was fatal to the Christian system of truth and experience.


Turning to the Epistle to the Galatians we find the Apostle Paul defining and describing a Christian in such terms as these:

1 A Christian is one who has the living CHRIST living in him. (See Gal 2:20; 4:19). He has had a transforming experience.

2 A Christian is one who has the HOLY SPIRIT (Gal 4:6). He begets in the believer new characteristics that are productive of Christian conduct (Gal 5:22, 23).

3 A Christian is one who has shared the Cross experience with Christ, as the basic solution of his personal problems. (see Gal 2:20; 5:24; 6:14, 17).

4 A Christian is one possessed of a life so divine, so ideal that it cannot be pressed into a mould of external regulations (See Gal 4:9, 10, 11, 19, 20, 21; 5:1-6)

In other words, the Christian life consists not in BEHAVING but in BEING, a life out of which behaviour naturally proceeds; not something external, but internal, the root producing the fruit. It is a LIFE that must be free to express itself; to impose regulations upon it is fatal to it. Man in his natural state soon finds he is like the woody growth of the grape vine; running to wood, the real life is choked out. He has nothing but the external form, an empty shell of respectability...Paul is contending against a twofold error. (1) First, that our salvation is secured partly by faith in CHRIST and partly by good works prescribed by the law. (2) Second, that our perfecting in this life in CHRIST is a matter of self-effort on our part in obedience to the law. Thus Paul sees at stake the two essentials of the Christian faith, SALVATION and SANCTIFICATION, and sets about zealously to safeguard them for all time. The difficulty with the above errors is that they leave us impotently on Our Side, in struggle and failure. They are powerless to transfer us to the abounding resources of His Side. (Read all the introductory comments Galatians Introduction)

Commentary on Galatians

Commentary on Galatians

234 Pages

Commentary on Galatians

Relating to Galatians

on Galatians

Commentary on Galatians

Below is JFB Unabridged Version



Study on Galatians

Commentary on Galatians

James Rosscup writes that "Lightfoot is highly-regarded for his work on the Greek text, top notch exegesis verse by verse, special notes on key problems, giving of views and reasons, etc. He was rarely gifted, and his commentaries rich with assistance to pastors and students." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)

D Edmond Hiebert -    Lightfoot, J. B., Saint Paul's Epistle to the Galatians, A Revised Text with Introduction, Notes and Dissertations. (1865). A classic commentary on the Greek text of Galatians with valuable linguistic insights. Thoroughly grounded in classical Greek, some of Lightfoot's views need some modification in the light of recent Koine studies. Presents a strong defense of the North-Galatian view (Ed: In contrast many such as John MacArthur favor Paul was addressing the churchs in southern Galatia - See MacArthur's note under Background and Setting). Three important dissertations comprise a third of the volume.

Spurgeon- The Spectator says: “There is no commentator at once of sounder judgment, and more liberal, than Dr. Lightfoot.”

Commentary on Galatians

James Rosscup writes that "Much of the heart-pulse of Luther’s stand for justification by faith appears here, as he distinguishes between the rigors of keeping the law in a false bid to gain standing and the freedom God gives through grace, leading to a new life-style of fruit in grace." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)

John Bunyan (Pilgrim's Progress) wrote "I prefer this book of Martin Luther’s (except the Bible) before all the books that I have ever seen, as most fit for a wounded conscience."

C H Spurgeon wrote that "This is a great historic work, and is beyond criticism, on account of its great usefulness. As a comment its accuracy might be questioned; but for emphatic utterances and clear statements of the great doctrine of the Epistle it remains altogether by itself, and must be judged per se. (Spurgeon, C. H. Lectures to my Students, Vol. 4: Commenting and Commentaries; Lectures Addressed to the students of the Pastors' College, Metropolitan Tabernacle)

Sermons on Galatians

Functions much like a verse by verse commentary

  1. Fallen from Grace - 1
  2. Fallen from Grace - 2
  3. What is Christian Liberty?
  4. Walking by the Spirit - 1
  5. Walking by the Spirit - 2
  6. Walking by the Spirit - 3

Sermon Exposition of Galatians

Thru the Bible on Galatians
Mp3 Audio

NOTE: If you have high speed internet you might prefer downloading all the Mp3's in a zip file - 83.2 MB consisting of 78 tracks for a total listening time of 6 hours, 27 minutes. Click Galatians or individual mp3's Luke

These Are Same Material AsBut All on One Page

Devotionals on Galatians
Our Daily Homily
Our Daily Walk

Commentary - Brief Comments from "Through the Bible Day by Day" - more devotional

Conservative, Evangelical
on Galatians

JOURNAL ARTICLES ON LINE - The fact that an article is listed does not signify I agree with the paper or the author's conclusion -- e.g., I strongly disagree with Cowan's conclusion on Galatians 6:16. Be very discerning and ask the Spirit to guide you into all truth and enable you to discern truth from error!





CYRIL BARBER - Reviews of recommended books from his books The Minster's Library - vol 2, vol 3

  • Barrett, Charles Kingsley. Freedom and Obligation: A Study of the Epistle to the Galatians. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1985. Contains the Sanderson Lectures, Theological Hall, United Church of Australia, 1983. As is always the case with Barrett's works, this book bears the evidence of his lifelong devotion to the NT His writing is clear and succinct, and his treatment of the issues facing the Galatian church is revealing.
  • Brown, John. An Exposition of the Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Galatians. Minneapolis: Klock & Klock Christian Publishers, 1981. A refreshing treatment of Paul's letter that has been called the Charter of Christian Liberty. By all means buy it.....First published in 1853. A thorough, comprehensive exposition. Explains Paul’s concern for the converts in Galatia and desire to see them established in the faith. Notes at the end of the book clarify issues not treated extensively in the text. Recommended.
  • Bruce, Frederick Fyvie. The Epistle to the Galatians: A Commentary on the Greek Text. New International Greek Testament Commentary. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1982. "Fulfills all we have come to expect of [this writer]. Those who are looking for a penetrating study of the Greek text will find this commentary a treasury of information" (Donald Guthrie).
  • Cole, Robert Alan. The Letter of Paul to the Galatians: An Introduction and Commentary. Tyndale New Testament Commentary. Revised ed. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1989. Cole's first edition has served the Christian community well since 1965. This revision will benefit the next generation of Bible students. The handling of the text is exemplary. Cole is neither tedious nor does he blithely sidestep important issues. His exposition of the theme is also "made to order" and boldlychampions the cause of grace. Highly recommended.
  • Cosgrove, Charles H. The Cross and the Spirit: A Study in the Argument and Theology of Galatians. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 1988. Richard B. Hays has said, "Charles Cosgrove's densely textured exposition attends not only to matters of exegetical detail but also to the overall shape of Paul's argument in Galatians. The result is a new reading of the letter that will compel attention from anyone who wants to join in the increasingly complex debate about the contours of Pauline theology."
  • DeHaan, Martin Ralph. Studies in Galatians. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1995. Originally published in 1960. Exposes the shallowness of today’s preaching of the gospel. Explains the difference between law and grace. Each message is replete with practical application. Recommended.
  • Cousar, Charles B. Galatians. Interpretation. Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1982. Of particular value to preachers, this section-by-section commentary is important for its exegetical insights. The hermeneutical approach and literary-historical details need to be read with caution.
  • DeWolf, Lotan Harold. Galatians: A Letter for Today. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1971. The author's views on the inspiration and authority of the Scriptures are such that he regards the Bible as a "more or less accurate" human document. He does not deal with the historic setting that gave rise to the epistle and yet finds in its teaching the cure for many of America's contemporary ills.
  • Ebeling, Gerhard. The Truth of the Gospel: An Exposition of Galatians. Translated by D. Green. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1985. †This scholarly work is rich in insights and builds on the author's study of Luther's hermeneutic. It expands the Reformer's contribution, interpreting Paul's epistle in light of modern redaction criticism. Many of Eberling's unique thoughts have come as a result of years of arduous labor, and we are grateful for this lucid English translation.
  • Fung, Ronald Y. K. The Epistle to the Galatians. New International Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1988. "This expert and lucid commentary . . . will be a very valuable resource to all students grappling with the interpretation of Galatians and with recent scholarly discussion of Paul and Pauline theology."--Gordon D. Fee.
  • Govett, Robert. Govett on Galatians. Miami Springs, Fla.: Conley Schoettle Publishing Co., 1981. First published in 1872. This work provides a verse-by-verse study of this important epistle. Insightful and enlightening. Recommended.
  • Gromacki, Robert Glenn. Stand Fast in Liberty: An Exposition of Galatians. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1979. Grounded in the historical setting of the people to whom Paul wrote, this study describes in nontechnical language the meaning and message of this letter. Based on the text of the KJV
  • Guthrie, Donald. Galatians. New Century Bible Commentary. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1981. Based on the RSV Following a fairly extensive introduction the writer settles down to provide his readers with brief comments on select words and/or phrases in the text. These remarks are of value for the philological and theological light they shed but do not provide the reader with a consecutive exposition of the apostle's thought.
  • Howard, George. Paul: Crisis in Galatia, a Study in Early Christian Theology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979. Intertwines Paul's teaching of justification by faith with the universal blessings of the Abrahamic Covenant. Identifies Paul's opponents in Galatia as Jewish Christians from Jerusalem and offers some well-researched ideas regarding Paul's view of the Mosaic law and the liberty believers enjoy in Christ.
  • Kent, Homer Austin, Jr. The Freedom of God's Sons: Studies in Galatians. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1976. A cogent treatment characterized by exegetical accuracy and an impeccable handling of the original text.
  • Luther, Martin. Commentary on Galatians. Edited by J. P Fallowes. Translated by E. Middleton. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1979. The reissue of a famous series of lectures delivered at Wittenberg University in 1553....The grand themes of the superiority of Scripture over human reason, the sufficiency of Christ’s atonement, and freedom from the law are dealt with in clear, concise terms. Readable. Highly recommended.
  • MacArthur, John F., Jr. Galatians. The MacArthur New Testament Commentary. Chicago: Moody Press, 1987. A theologically precise exposition which adequately expounds the theme of this epistle. In it MacArthur advances some of his ideas that later became identified with the debate over "Lordship Salvation." Pastors will find this commentary to be of real value in explaining the text.
  • McDonald, Hugh Dermot. Freedom in Faith. Old Tappan, N.J.: Fleming H. Revell Co., 1974. A concise, doctrinally helpful commentary. Clear and to the point.
  • Morris, Leon Lamb. Galatians: Paul’s Charter of Christian Freedom. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1996. With his usual acumen Morris explains the theme of Galatians, deftly wending his way through the interpretative difficulties. He explores Paul’s bold affirmations, and in applying the text to our generation ably bridges the gap between the 1st century and the closing years of this century. The bottom line of his explanation of Paul’s emphasis on Christian freedom is a challenge to his readers to live life in light of the purity of the gospel. Recommended.
  • Olford, Stephen F. Not I, But Christ. Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books, 1995. “Olford has not only been my mentor as an expository preacher of the gospel, but also a very special friend to me as a pastor. The message ‘not I but Christ’ I know to be the message of his life and the truth that needs to be sounded in every pulpit in the world. Herein is the clearest explanation of this essential truth of the Christian life to be found anywhere. When you read it, anticipate a fresh new examination of every area of your walk with God.”--Charles F. Stanley.
  • Phillips, John. Exploring Galatians: An Expository Commentary. Grand Rapids: Kregel, 2004. Based on the text of the KJV, this brief volume covers the theme of Paul’s letter. Phillips holds to the “South Galatia” theory, and believes that the Galatians were evangelized on Paul’s first missionary journey. Throughout his exposition he gives evidence of being well-read and aware of the issues. Though at times loquacious, this is a reliable book and lay people will profit from reading it.
  • Ramsay, William Mitchell. A Historical Commentary on St. Paul's Epistle to the Galatians. Minneapolis: Klock & Klock Christian Publishers, 1978. One of the great commentaries on this portion of Scripture. Deserving of a place in every expository preacher's library.
  • Vos, Howard E Galatians: A Call to Christian Liberty. Everyman's Bible Commentary. Chicago: Moody Press, 1971. Emphasizing the need for biblical "freedom," the writer expounds Paul's teaching in an understandable manner. 
  • Witherington, Ben, III. Grace in Galatia: A Commentary on St. Paul’s Letters to the Galatians. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1998. A scholarly well-documented work that focuses on Paul’s thought and explains the sociological and theological background of Paul’s letter. Richard N. Longenecker calls this “a work characterized by clarity of vision regarding the critical, historical, and theological issues involved … and by crispness and vividness of language in setting out the message of Galatians in contemporary form. This commentary will undoubtedly have a long and useful life….”



E. H. ASKWITH (1899)

  • A Commentary on St Paul's Epistle to the Galatians-not that helpful
  • The commentary is sympathetic, intelligent, and stimulating.—Biblical World
  • A contribution of more than usual worth to the interpretation of the Epistle. It is independent and discriminating, fair and without bias, careful and cogent in its reasoning.—Critical Review of Theological and Philosophical Literature
  • In a study of the questions involved, this book must be read.—Expository Times


  • The commentary is sympathetic, intelligent, and stimulating.—Biblical World

TONY BARTOLUCCI - lengthy study notes from ongoing series (e.g., 60 pages on Gal 2:1-10). 


D Edmond Hiebert -    Beet, Joseph Agar, A Commentary on St. Paul's Epistle to the Galatians. 1885. London: Hodder and Stoughton (5th Ed., n.d.). A verse-by-verse interpretation by a Wesleyan theologian of the past century. Provides doctrinal summaries as a contribution toward systematic theology. Holds to the North-Galatian theory and thinks the "Lord's brothers" were the sons of Joseph by a former marriage. Concludes with special studies relating Galatians to Acts, Romans, James, and I John.



  • Link opens to 34 multiple commentary notes on that verse - to advance click next verse - quick way to see comments on a single verse.


  • Note: Each link below opens to a page with multiple sermon links to individual verses (taken from Biblical Illustrator but divided by chapter and verse - click chap/verse to go to next listing) - Interesting concept.









D Edmond Hiebert - Williams, A. Lukyn, "The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Galatians." Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges. Cambridge: University Press (1910). A scholarly, independent elucidation of the Greek text.


  • Galatians Commentary (1863) - Well written with comments incorporating the actual text. A list of practical points follows each chapter.



  • The Epistle of St. Paul to the Galatians Explained and Illustrated
  • Written in a singularly clear and easy style, while at the same time marked by sound scholarship and a fine appreciation of the Apostle's spirit, it is admirably adapted to the 'beginners' for whom it is primarily intended, and by no means undeserving of the notice of the more advanced student.—The Academy and Literature
  • Professor Drummond's words are refreshing.—The New World
  • The explanations and illustrations are clear, brief, and always to the point.—Critical Review
  • The Principal of Manchester College does well whatever he undertakes.—Expository Times







  • St. Paul's Epistle to the Galatians
  • A Commentary of independence and ripe scholarship. . . . the argument in favor of an early date for the Epistle, a date preceding the Apostolic Council of Acts xv, is given in fullness and with astonishing force of conviction. For that great argument alone the book is worth buying.—Expository Times






  • A "Shorter Commentary on Galatians" - verse by verse - 193 pages - Garlington wrote the Galatians commentary portion for the respected multi-authored commentary, the Expositor's Bible Commentary (EBC) edited by Gaebelein - this "shorter commentary" is actually longer than his EBC work, and actually represents a "summary" of his 440 page commentary

GENE GETZ - short videos on principles

  • Galatians 1:1-9; God's Free Gift: When presenting the gospel message, we must make sure we clearly explain that salvation is God's free gift. Video
  • Galatians 1:10-2:10; Messages from God: If we think God has spoken to us directly, we must always verify our experiences by consulting the Scriptures and other mature Christian leaders. Video
  • Galatians 2:11-16; Doctrinal Compromise: Even prominent and sincere Christian leaders must be on guard against compromising the message of salvation because of social pressure. Video
  • Galatians 2:17-3:9; The Abrahamic Covenant: To communicate the gospel comprehensively, we must understand God's unconditional promise to Abraham. Video
  • Galatians 3:10-26; Justification by Faith: When explaining that salvation is a free gift, we must also clarify that this gift can only be received by faith in Jesus Christ Video
  • Galatians 3:27-4:7;  Unity in Christ: Regardless of our ethnic background, cultural upbringing, or gender, when we are saved we are to function as one unified family in Christ. Video
  • Galatians 4:8-20; A Pastoral Passion: To minister to people effectively, we must develop pastoral hearts. Video
  • Galatians 5:21-31;  Bible Interpretation: We are free to illustrate biblical truths from scriptural incidents that do not teach these truths directly, but we should do so cautiously and sparingly. Video
  • Galatians 5:1-15; Freedom to Serve: To be set free from the bondage of sin, we must become servants of God and one another. Video
  • Galatians 5:16-26;  Life in the Spirit: To experience true freedom in our relationships with one another, we must reflect the fruit of the Spirit. Video
  • Galatians 6:1-10; The Process of Restoration: As we live by the Spirit, we are to help our fellow Christians who are in bondage to works of the flesh to experience true freedom in Christ. Video
  • Galatians 6:11-18;  Pure Motives in Ministry: To counter false teaching in the church, we must keep our motives pure. Video



  • The Epistle to the Galatians - Commentary
  • When men like Mr. Gibbon arise, making so hard a book as the Epistle to the Galatians applicable to life of today, making it ours as if it had been written for us, how can we sufficiently thank them?—Expository Times



  • The Epistle of St. Paul to Galatians
  • A helpful translation, with good textual notes.— Spurgeon
  • Conscientious labor and long pondering are very evident throughout the entire work. The notes and the apothegmatic statements of doctrinal truth are charged with significance, and are models of lucid condensation.—British Quarterly Review



J. L. HARRIS (1873)







D Edmond Hiebert - An exhaustive study of the Greek text by a noted liberal scholar. Offers summaries of previous views and gives special attention to grammatical and linguistic matters. Makes important word studies. Favors the South-Galatian theory and equates Acts 15 with Galatians 2 but holds that Acts is "inaccurate."







  • Galatians Commentary - Brief well written verse by verse notes including insights into Greek words




W. A. O'CONNOR (1876)


EDWARD PEROWNE - Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges




  • Galatians -Notes and Reflections on the Epistle to the Galatians
  • The exposition given is lucid, evangelical, and judicious, while the spirit in which the hortatory portions are written may be gathered from the following sentence: 'Let us judge this matter soberly and wisely, and with an especial reference to ourselves, remembering that human failure of any kind is but our own portrait in another light.'—The Christian
  • Pridham is, we suppose, of the moderate Brethren school, but he is not carried away by any theory, being essentially a man of sober mind.—Spurgeon



Rosscup - "Here is a helpful commentary on the historical background of this epistle. Ramsay has been called an outstanding authority on the background of Paul's travels."

D Edmond Hiebert -    Ramsay, William M., A Historical Commentary on St. Paul's Epistle to the Galatians. (1899). Grand Rapids: Baker Book House (1965). The major emphasis is on the background for the epistle. The author used his vast knowledge of the historical and archaeological backgrounds of Asia Minor to support his strong defense of the South-Galatian view. Identifies Galatians 2 with Acts 11 and thinks that Paul's thorn in the flesh was malaria.




PHILIP SCHAFF (1881) The Epistle of Paul to the Galatians

  • Concise, verse-by-verse commentary plus short essays about special topics, including Paul's conversion, relation of Paul to circumcision, controversy of Paul and Peter at Antioch, doctrine of justification by faith, etc

SERMON CENTRAL - over 400 sermons but of variable quality. Be a Berean.

JAMES SMITH - Handfuls of Purpose

  • Click for main page with the titles below
  • Galatians 1:3-9 The Gospel Of Christ
  • Galatians 2:16-21 The Life I Now Live
  • Galatians 2:20 Christ In Me
  • Galatians 3:6-14 Law Grace Faith
  • Galatians 4:4-7 The Purpose Of The Incarnation
  • Galatians 6:7-9 Sowing And Reaping



  • Galatians commentary - Short Exposition (Alternative source)
  • Each chapter is in the first place analyzed and paraphrased, and then commented upon verse by verse, with constant reference to the original Greek, and with sufficient introduction of Greek words to serve as a help to those who only have a moderate acquaintance with the language. The paraphrases are excellent, and are in themselves valuable commentaries upon the separate chapters.—Bibliotheca Sacra




HENRY MORRIS - Defender's Study Bible Notes - 

Introduction to Galatians - Galatia was not a city, like Rome or Corinth, but rather a Roman province containing many cities and numerous churches. At least some of these churches, such as those in Iconium, Lystra and Derbe, had been founded by Paul on his first missionary journey (note Acts 14:1-13, along with Galatians 3:1-5). This was prior to the calling of the Jerusalem Council, where Paul and Barnabas argued against the teachings of the Judaizing Christians, who were claiming that Gentile Christians had to be circumcised and obey the Mosaic laws in order to be saved or else to become sanctified Christians after being saved through faith. The Council, however, settled this question once and for all, in favor of Paul's doctrine of salvation by grace through faith, completely apart from these works of the law. This decision was fully supported by the Apostles Peter and James (see Acts 15:1-29).
However, the "churches of Galatia," to whom Paul addressed this epistle (Galatians 1:2), were being confused and led astray by either the same or similar Judaizers with similar arguments. Since it seems unlikely that this could have happened after the Jerusalem Council, many New Testament scholars believe that Galatians must have been written prior to the Council; otherwise it would seem that Paul would have referred to it in his Galatian letter.
On the other hand, others believe that Galatians was written after the Council. They argue that the Judaizers at Antioch were contending that believers were not saved until they were circumcised. Those in Galatia, however, were simply claiming that circumcision and the law were essential, not for salvation, but for Christian maturity and sanctification. Both groups believe that Paul was writing to the churches in southern Galatia, those founded by Paul in Antioch, Iconium, Lystra and Derbe on his first missionary journey.
There is a minority group of scholars, however, who believe that Galatians was written to churches in northern Galatia, even though none of these are mentioned by name in the New Testament. Galatia, in fact, was named after the Gauls who inhabited north central Asia Minor at the time, and who thus were the true ethnic Galatians. The southern portion of the Roman province was not originally part of Galatia, and was inhabited more by Greeks and Romans than by descendants of the Gauls.
Whichever theory is correct really is irrelevant as far as the message of the book is concerned. The great theme of Galatians is that of justification by faith without the works of the law. Furthermore, we are not only saved by grace but kept by grace—not by works. Galatians extols Christian liberty—freedom in Christ. Liberty is not libertinism, of course; "use not liberty for an occasion to the flesh," Paul wrote, "but by love serve one another" (Galatians 5:13).
Legalism in any form—whether circumcision or ritualism or anything else—will neither save a sinner nor perfect a saint. The Christian life is not controlled by commandments but by the Holy Spirit. "Walk in the Spirit" (Galatians 5:16). That is the message of Galatians for the Christian believer.

DAVID HOCKING - series of sermons



  • NET Study Bible- Excellent resource, includes NETBible notes and Thomas Constable's notes that synchronize with the Scriptures.


MICHAEL ANDRUS - et al - links include audio and transcripts which average about 9 pages each


RICH CATHERS - frequent use of illustrations






DAVID HOCKING - Outline Format









  • Galatians Sermon Collection
  • Discourses worthy of the successor of Spencer and Raffles." — Spurgeon
  • The sermons are sensible and cogent. They aim at usefulness, and they are admirably adapted to achieve it.—British Quarterly Review
  • These discourses are thoughtful, devout, earnest. Happy is the congregation which listens to such a preacher.—The Evangelical Magazine and Missionary Chronicle



  • Outline (doc)
  • Galatians 1:1-5 (doc)
  • Galatians 1:6-9 (doc)
  • Galatians 1:10 (doc)
  • Galatians 1:1-5 (doc)
  • Galatians 1:11-17 (doc)
  • Galatians 1:18-2:10 (doc)
  • Galatians 2:11-13 (doc)
  • Galatians 2:14-16 (doc)
  • Galatians 2:15-16 (doc)
  • Galatians 2:17-21 (doc)
  • Galatians 2:20 (doc)
  • Galatians 3:1-5 (doc)
  • Galatians 3:6-9 (doc)
  • Galatians 3:10-14 (doc)
  • Galatians 3:15-18 (doc)
  • Galatians 3:19-25 (doc)
  • Galatians 3:22-25 (doc)
  • Galatians 3:26-29 (doc)
  • Galatians 3:27-29 (doc)
  • Galatians 4:1-7 (doc)
  • Galatians 4:8-11 (doc)
  • Galatians 4:12-16 (doc)
  • Galatians 4:17-31 (doc)
  • Galatians 4:21-31 (doc)
  • Galatians 5:1-6 (doc)
  • Galatians 5:7-10 (doc)
  • Galatians 5:11-15 (doc)
  • Galatians 5:16-18 (doc)
  • Galatians 5:19-21 (doc)
  • Galatians 5:22-23 (doc)
  • Galatians 5:24-26 (doc)
  • Galatians 6:1 (doc)
  • Galatians 6:2-5 (doc)
  • Galatians 6:6-10 (doc)
  • Galatians 6:11-18 (doc)
  • Galatians 614:-18 (doc)



RAYMOND SAXE - sermon series


  • Galatians 1:5 ( docpdf)
  • Galatians 1:6-10 ( docpdf)
  • Galatians 1:10-14 ( docpdf)
  • Galatians 1:15-24 ( docpdf)
  • Galatians 2:11-19 ( docpdf)
  • Galatians 3:1-5 ( docpdf)
  • Galatians 3:15-18 ( docpdf)
  • Galatians 3:23-29 ( docpdf)
  • Galatians 4:1-5 ( docpdf)
  • Galatians 4:4-5 ( docpdf)
  • Galatians 4:5-7 ( docpdf)
  • Galatians 4:8-11 ( docpdf)
  • Galatians 4:21-31 ( docpdf)
  • Galatians 5:1-6 ( docpdf)
  • Galatians 5:7-13 ( docpdf)
  • Galatians 5:13-15 ( docpdf)
  • Galatians 5:16-18 ( docpdf)
  • Galatians 5:19-20 ( docpdf)
  • Galatians 5:22-27 ( docpdf)


  • Galatians 1:1-5 (pdf)
  • Galatians 1:6-10 (pdf)
  • Galatians 1:6-9 (pdf)
  • Galatians 1:5 (pdf)
  • Galatians 1:10-14 (pdf)
  • Galatians 1:15-24 (pdf)
  • Galatians 2:1-10 (pdf)
  • Galatians 2:11-14 (pdf)
  • Galatians 2:19-21 (pdf)
  • Galatians 3:15-18 (pdf)
  • Galatians 3:19-23 (pdf)
  • Galatians 3:19-23 Part 2 (pdf)
  • Galatians 3:24-29 (pdf)
  • Galatians 4:1-7 (pdf)
  • Galatians 4:12-20 (pdf)
  • Galatians 5:1-12 (pdf)
  • Galatians 5:13-15 (pdf)
  • Galatians 5:16-19 (pdf)
  • Galatians 5:19-22 (pdf)
  • Galatians 5:22-23 (pdf)
  • Galatians 5:24-6:5 (pdf)
  • Galatians 6:3-6 (pdf)
  • Galatians 6:7-10 (pdf)





DREW WORTHEN - Sermons on Galatians


RESOURCES BY CHAPTER - duplicates links on this chapter but adds links from entire page






PHILIP GRAHAM RYKEN - part of chapter 1 in the Reformed Expository Commentary

JAMES HASTINGS (Note: These are in depth!)






















JAMES HASTINGS (Note: These are in depth!)










MULTIPLE RESOURCES BY CHAPTER - duplicates links on this chapter but adds links from entire page






















JAMES HASTINGS (Note: These are in depth!)












MULTIPLE RESOURCES BY CHAPTER - duplicates links on this chapter but adds links from entire page



JAMES HASTINGS (Note: These are in depth!)

















JAMES HASTINGS (Note: These are in depth!)

















JAMES HASTINGS (Note: These are in depth!)















on Galatians

NETBible notes are in the right panel. You can also select the tab for "Constable's Notes." As you scroll the Bible text in the left panel, the notes are synchronized and will scroll to the same passage. Also has a nice parallel Bible feature (see Tab = "Parallel"). Select a different Bible translation (see Tab = "Bible"). Open Greek/Hebrew tab. Mouse over shows corresponding English word and has short definition at bottom of right panel.

Sermons on Galatians
South Woods Baptist Church

Galatians 1

Galatians 2

Galatians 3

Galatians 4

Galatians 5

Galatians 6

Devotional Illustrations on Galatians

Click for more Galatians Devotionals Updated April, 2014

Galatians 1

Galatians 2

Galatians 3

Galatians 4

Galatians 5

Galatians 6

Commentary on Galatians
The People's Bible


From a Baptist perspective

Sermons on Galatians

Sermon Series on Galatians


Word Pictures on Galatians

Emphasis on Greek Word Study



Numerous illustrations


PDF transcripts - variable quality. Be a Berean. 

Sermons on Galatians

NOTE: If you are not familiar with the great saint Charles Simeon see Dr John Piper's discussion of Simeon's life - you will want to read Simeon's sermons after meeting him! -  click Brothers We Must Not Mind a Little Suffering (Mp3 even better)

Sermons on Galatians

Sermons on Galatians

All of Spurgeon's Sermons on Galatians

Sermon Notes

Verse by Verse
Exposition on Galatians

Another Source

Devotionals from Morning and Evening


An interesting resource.

Comments by David Stern are taken verbatim from his work Jewish New Testament Commentary

This resource is available online - all 27 NT books.

Stern is Jewish but his comments are generally evangelical

Galatians Studies

Peninsula Bible Church


Galatians and Work

Galatians Resources

Note: These links are from the old study notes (new not yet available Nov, 2018)...

Galatians 1

Galatians 2

Galatians 3

Galatians 4

Galatians 5

Galatians 6

Galatians Sermons

Devotional Illustrations on Galatians
Moody Bible Institute


Verse by Verse Exposition on Galatians

Galatians 1

Galatians 2

Galatians 3

Galatians 4

Galatians 5

Galatians 6


Note: The best commentary on Scripture is Scripture (Compare Scripture with Scripture) and these cross references compiled by Torrey are the most comprehensive work of this type with over 500,000 entries. However, always check the context (Keep Context King) to make sure that the cross reference is referring to the same subject as the original Scripture. The Puritan writer Thomas Watson said it this way - "The Scripture is to be its own interpreter or rather the Spirit speaking in it; nothing can cut the diamond but the diamond; nothing can interpret Scripture but Scripture." See an example of the value of comparing Scripture with Scripture. See also Use of Cross-References

Commentary on Galatians

Disclaimer (Acts 17:11-note): Utley interprets Gal 6:16 as Israel = Church (I strongly disagree!)
See Related Topic = Israel of God - Is God "Finished" with Israel in His prophetic plan?

New Testament Word Studies on Galatians

Emphasis on Greek Word Study

Commentary on Galatians

Commentary on Galatians

Excellent Resource - Includes Many Greek Word Studies.

D Edmond Hiebert -    Wuest, Kenneth S., Galatians in the Greek New Testament for the English Reader. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Pub. Co. (1944). A simplified commentary on the original text carried over into English for the student who does not know Greek; presents an expanded translation and exegetical comments and word studies.

Sermons on Galatians
Peninsula Bible Church

Note: The Text & Audio links are on the top right margin when you open the following pages



A Foolish Church D. Allport. Galatians 3:1
Beholding the Crucifixion R. Halley, D. D. Galatians 3:1
Bewitched W.F. Adeney Galatians 3:1
Christ Crucified, the Preacher's Theme C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 3:1
Christ Evidently Crucified Bishop Lightfoot. Galatians 3:1
Christ Evidently Set Forth Canon Liddon. Galatians 3:1
God's Testament and Promise in Christ Martin Luther Galatians 3:1
Importance of Preaching Christ Crucified Theological Sketch-Book Galatians 3:1
Lessons of Experience Alexander Maclaren Galatians 3:1
Men Bewitched C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 3:1
Paraphrase of the Verse Bishop Lightfoot. Galatians 3:1
Paul's Lament A. F. Barfield. Galatians 3:1
Power of Christ Professor Phelps. Galatians 3:1
Spiritual Witchcraft Emilius Bayley, B. D. Galatians 3:1
The Enchantment of Error R. Nicholls. Galatians 3:1
The Evil Eye and the Amulet A. Maclaren, D. D. Galatians 3:1
The Fascination of the Cross Canon Vernon Hutton. Galatians 3:1
The Folly of Apostasy   Galatians 3:1
The Folly of Being Captivated by Form, Etc J. Lyth. Galatians 3:1
The Folly of Disobeying the Truth J. Burns, D. D. Galatians 3:1
The Folly of Forsaking the Right Path Dr. Hardman. Galatians 3:1
The Galatians Bewitched Bishop Lightfoot. Galatians 3:1
The Galatians' Deflection C. Simeon, M. A. Galatians 3:1
The Lord's Supper a Picture of Christ Crucified W. Forsyth, M. A. Galatians 3:1
Appeal to Experience and Scripture R. Finlayson Galatians 3:1-14
The Bewitchery of Law R.M. Edgar Galatians 3:1-14
A Lesson for the Church   Galatians 3:2
Directions for Hearing Bishop Beveridge. Galatians 3:2
Faith and Works C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 3:2
The Hearing of Faith Bishop Beveridge. Galatians 3:2
The Mode of Salvation C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 3:2
The Venture of Faith C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 3:2
Going Back W.F. Adeney Galatians 3:2-5
A Good Beginning and a Sad Ending T. Adams. Galatians 3:3
Changeable Christians Dr. John Hall. Galatians 3:3
Love of Change John Ruskin. Galatians 3:3
The Work of the Holy Spirit Charles Haddon Spurgeon Galatians 3:3
The Work of the Spirit in the Church R. Nicholls. Galatians 3:3
Backsliders Run in Vain Spencer. Galatians 3:4
The Power of Hopefulness R. W. Dale, LL. D. Galatians 3:4
The Vanity of Past Christian Life in the Case of Apostasy R. W. Dale, LL. D. Galatians 3:4
Use of Adversity Cawdray. Galatians 3:4
Inspiration to be Respected Vinet. Galatians 3:5
Inspiration, Literary and Moral Vinet. Galatians 3:5
Miracles of To-Day H. W. Beecher. Galatians 3:5
Moral Inspiration   Galatians 3:5
The Use of Miracles R. C. Trench. Galatians 3:5
Abraham a Witness to the Doctrine of Justification by Faith R. Nicholls. Galatians 3:6
Abraham Justified by Faith Dean Stanley., Jeremy Taylor. Galatians 3:6
Faith Accounted for Righteousness E. W. Shalders, M. A. Galatians 3:6
Marks of a Justifying Faith Jeremy Taylor. Galatians 3:6
The Faith of Abraham T. Robinson., T. Whitelaw, D. D., W. Roberts, M. A., Bp. Lightfoot. Galatians 3:6
Trusting the Promises   Galatians 3:6
The Faith and Blessing of Abraham W.F. Adeney Galatians 3:6-9
Children of Abraham -- Spiritual Kinship John Brown, D. D. Galatians 3:7
Faith Obtains Salvation J. Bate. Galatians 3:7
The Blessing of the Gospel Luther. Galatians 3:7
The Children of Abraham W. Perkins. Galatians 3:7
The Example Faithful Abraham T. Dale, M. A. Galatians 3:7
The Foresight of Scripture Dean Goulburn. Galatians 3:8
The Gospel Thomas Jones. Galatians 3:8
The Gospel Is J. Lyth. Galatians 3:8
The Scripture Foreseeing Dean Goulburn. Galatians 3:8
The Worst are Justified by Faith   Galatians 3:8
Abraham; Or, the Influence of Faith G. A. Rogers, M. A. Galatians 3:9
Aspects of Faith   Galatians 3:9
Believers are Saved C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 3:9
God's People Blessed in Faithful Abraham J. H. Evans. Galatians 3:9
The Blessing in Abraham is Like a Stream J. Lyth. Galatians 3:9
A Call to the Unconverted C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 3:10
Cursed, Etc J. Lyth. Galatians 3:10
Death Under the Curse   Galatians 3:10
Man's Condition Under the Curse   Galatians 3:10
Mercy Needed by All T. Guthrie, D. D. Galatians 3:10
No Salvation by Works Dr. Guthrie. Galatians 3:10
One Sin Ruinous J. Bate. Galatians 3:10
Redemption from the Curse of the Law Expository Outlines of Sermons Galatians 3:10
Righteousness by Works   Galatians 3:10
Sinners Under the Curse D. Clarkson, B. D. Galatians 3:10
The Claims of the Law Swinnock. Galatians 3:10
The Condition of Men Under the Broken Covenant   Galatians 3:10
The Curse J. Lyth. Galatians 3:10
The Curse Philip Henry. Galatians 3:10
The Curse and its Removal Emilius Bayley, B. D. Galatians 3:10
The Curse of the Law S. H. Tyng, D. D., T. Manton. Galatians 3:10
The Curse Realized C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 3:10
The Desert of Sin T. Boston, D. D. Galatians 3:10
The Misery of Those Under the Broken Covenant T. Boston, D. D. Galatians 3:10
The Slightest Flaw is Fatal A. B. Grosart, LL. D., T. Brooks. Galatians 3:10
Transgressors of the Law are Under the Curse E. Hopkins, D. D. Galatians 3:10
Faith: Life Jeremy Taylor. Galatians 3:11
Hopeful Endeavour the Beginning of Faith C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 3:11
Justification by Law Inconsistent with Scripture R. Nicholls. Galatians 3:11
Justification by the Law Impossible R. Nicholls. Galatians 3:11
Justification not by the Law But by Faith in Christ S. Pearson, M. A. Galatians 3:11
Life by Faith C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 3:11
Life by Faith Lightfoot. Galatians 3:11
Living by Faith Requires Effort Arrowsmith. Galatians 3:11
The Impossibility of a Legal and the Certainty of a Christian Justification S. Pearson, M. A. Galatians 3:11
The Just Shall Live by Faith C. H. Spurgeon., Flavel. Galatians 3:11
The Law and the Gospel W. Perkins. Galatians 3:12
The Necessity of Divine Law S. Pearson, M. A. Galatians 3:12
Christ Made a Curse C. G. Brown, D. D. Galatians 3:13
Christ Made a Curse for Man From Miss Yonge's "Book of Golden Deeds." Galatians 3:13
Christ Made a Curse for Us C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 3:13
Christ Our Substitute W. Birch. Galatians 3:13
Deliverance Firm the Curse Through Christ James Ferguson. Galatians 3:13
Enduring the Curse for Another From, The Yorkshire Post Galatians 3:13
Our Redemption by Christ E. Hopkins, D. D. Galatians 3:13
Sin and Redemption C. Clemance, D. D., J. Owen, D. D. Galatians 3:13
Suffering, Redemption, Blessing Richard Nicholls. Galatians 3:13
The Curse of the Law and the Curse of the Cross W.F. Adeney Galatians 3:13
The Curse Removed Charles Haddon Spurgeon Galatians 3:13
The Nature of Our Redemption Hodge. Galatians 3:13
The Necessity for Christ's Bearing Our Curse T. Manton. Galatians 3:13
The Satisfaction of Christ John Flavel. Galatians 3:13
The Substitute Dr. Guthrie. Galatians 3:13
The Two Curses Bishop Chris. Wordsworth., M. B. Riddle, D. D. Galatians 3:13
Blessing Through Christ's Sufferings   Galatians 3:14
Perpetuated Blessings J. Cumming, D. D. Galatians 3:14
The Blessing of Abraham J. Parker, D. D., William Penn. Galatians 3:14
The Purpose of Redemption W. Perkins Galatians 3:14
The Value and Power of Faith Philo. Galatians 3:14
Covenants Professor Crosskerry., Hammond. Galatians 3:15
Promise and Law R. Finlayson Galatians 3:15-22
The Covenant of Promise R.M. Edgar Galatians 3:15-22
Epistle for the Thirteenth Sunday After Trinity Heubner. Galatians 3:16
Seed and Seeds Canon Liddon., Professor Gardiner. Galatians 3:16
The Difference Between a Promise and a Law Bishop Walsham How. Galatians 3:16
The Great Promise Christian Age., Todd Galatians 3:16
The Great Promise J. Henry Burn, B. D. Galatians 3:16
The Great Promise Canon Vernon Hutton. Galatians 3:16
The Promise Really Made to Christ Bishop Lightfoot. Galatians 3:16
The Promises Spurstow. Galatians 3:16
The Promises are Given to Believers C. H. Spurgeon., W. Denton, M. A. Galatians 3:16
God's Covenants with Men Emilius Bayley, B. D. Galatians 3:17
The Abrahamic Covenant Emilius Bayley, B. D. Galatians 3:17
The Covenant in Christ J. Lyth. Galatians 3:17
The Everlasting Covenant C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 3:17
The Everlasting Covenant W.F. Adeney Galatians 3:17
The Immutability of the Covenant W. Denton, M. A. Galatians 3:17
The Supremacy of Faith Canon Vernon Hutton. Galatians 3:17
Law and Promise P. J. Gloag, D. D., T. Manton. Galatians 3:18
Life Gift Dr. Guthrie. Galatians 3:18
Salvation All of Grace E. Foster. Galatians 3:18
The Inheritance of the Promises C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 3:18
Christ Our Mediator T. Watson., T. Watson. Galatians 3:19
Inferiority of the Law to the Dispensation of Grace Bishop Lightfoot. Galatians 3:19
Jesus Christ the True and Only Mediator Between God and Man Bishop Suffragan of Nottingham. Galatians 3:19
Law J. Lyth. Galatians 3:19
Law Contrasted with Promise John Eadie, D. D. Galatians 3:19
Relation of the Law to Sin John Brown, D. D. Galatians 3:19
The Function of the Law J. Henry Burn, B. D. Galatians 3:19
The Law W. Perkins. Galatians 3:19
The Law, Then, was Given for These Two Purposes W. Denton, M. A. Galatians 3:19
The Nature of the Law J. P. Denham, M. A. Galatians 3:19
The Object of the Law W.F. Adeney Galatians 3:19
The Present Use of the Law S. H. Tyng, D. D., Canon Liddon. Galatians 3:19
The Purposes the Law was Intended to Serve C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 3:19
The Restraining Power of the Law F. W. Robertson. Galatians 3:19
The Revealing Power of the Law C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 3:19
The Use of the Law Is J. Lyth. Galatians 3:19
The Uses of the Law Emilius Bayley, B. D. Galatians 3:19
The Uses of the Law Charles Haddon Spurgeon Galatians 3:19
A Mediator J. Lyth. Galatians 3:20
Direct Communication with God W.F. Adeney Galatians 3:20
Explanation of the Verse Canon T. S. Evans, D. D. Galatians 3:20
Mediation and God's Oneness John Brown, D. D. Galatians 3:20
St. Paul's View of the Unity of God J. Barmby, B. D., R. Ferguson, LL. D. Galatians 3:20
The Mediation of Christ J. Lyth. Galatians 3:20
The Mediator R. W. Hamilton, D. D. Galatians 3:20
The One Mediator James Vaughan, M. A. Galatians 3:20
Contrasts W. Denton, M. A. Galatians 3:21
The Harmony Between the Law and the Gospel Canon Vernon Hutton., I. Watts, D. D. Galatians 3:21
The Harmony of Revelation H. Melvill, B. D. Galatians 3:21
The Importance of the Law T. Blarney, D. D. Galatians 3:21
The Law Useful Dr. Guthrie. Galatians 3:21
The Universal Prison Alexander Maclaren Galatians 3:22
A Charge of Sin J. Jowett, M. A. Galatians 3:22-23
All Human Nature Sinful   Galatians 3:22-23
God Must be Accepted on His Own Terms John Brown, D. D. Galatians 3:22-23
Jesus Our Only Hope C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 3:22-23
Law and Gospel William Tyndale. Galatians 3:22-23
Shut Up unto the Faith Dr. Chalmers. Galatians 3:22-23
Suitability of the Divine Plan of Salvation to Man's Necessities C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 3:22-23
The Great Jail, and How to Get Out of It C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 3:22-23
The Great Prison J. C. Hare, M. A. Galatians 3:22-23
The Law and the Gospel President Davies, M. A. Galatians 3:22-23
The Law was Meant to Prepare Men for Christ T. G. Rooke. Galatians 3:22-23
The Reasonableness of Faith Dr. Chalmers. Galatians 3:22-23
The Reasonableness of the Gospel H. Melvill, B. D. Galatians 3:22-23
The True Principle of Salvation C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 3:22-23
Under Arrest C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 3:22-23
Works a Hindrance to Salvation C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 3:22-23
Before and After Faith R. Finlayson Galatians 3:23-29
The Law-School and the Home-Coming R.M. Edgar Galatians 3:23-29
After that Faith is Come, Christian Freedom and Sonship Doune. Galatians 3:24
Christ Our Schoolmaster J. Parker, D. D. Galatians 3:24
Christ Supersedes the Law Luther. Galatians 3:24
Life a School E. S. Ffoulkes, B. D. Galatians 3:24
Love in the Schooling of the Law Dean Alford. Galatians 3:24
Pedagogic Character of the Law C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 3:24
Relation of the Law to the Gospel Marvin R. Vincent, D. D. Galatians 3:24
Rule Yields to Principle Marvin R. Vincent, D. D. Galatians 3:24
The Church to be Governed by Principle, not Rigid Law Canon Liddon. Galatians 3:24
The Gentleness of Christ's Dominion W. Burkitt. Galatians 3:24
The Law a Guide to Christ S. H. Tyng, D. D. Galatians 3:24
The Law a Schoolmaster C. R. Lloyd Engstrom, M. A. Galatians 3:24
The Law a Schoolmaster F. W. P. Greenwood, D. D. Galatians 3:24
The Law and the Gospel Lockhart. Galatians 3:24
The Law is a Schoolmaster F. W. Robertson, M. A. Galatians 3:24
The Law Leading Men to Christ Canon Liddon. Galatians 3:24
The Law Our Schoolmaster S. H. Tyng. Galatians 3:24
The Law was Our Schoolmaster T. Binney, D. D., F. W. Robertson, M. A. Galatians 3:24
The Pedagogue Canon Liddon. Galatians 3:24
The Schooling of the Law J. B. Owen, M. A. Galatians 3:24
The Stern Pedagogue C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 3:24
The Superiority of Christianity to Judaism John Donne, D. D. Galatians 3:24
The Use of the Law   Galatians 3:24
The Tutor W.F. Adeney Galatians 3:24, 25
All Children of God by Faith in Christ Jesus Bishop Hall. Galatians 3:25-29
Jesus the Only Saviour C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 3:25-29
Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity W. Spensley. Galatians 3:25-29
Safety by Trusting Christ   Galatians 3:25-29
The Means of Christian Sonship Mitchell. Galatians 3:25-29
The Vastness of the Christian Family H. W. Beecher. Galatians 3:25-29
True Believers the Children of God Theological Sketch Book Galatians 3:25-29
Sonship W.F. Adeney Galatians 3:26-29
Baptism Without Grace Spencer. Galatians 3:27
Baptismal Privileges Luther. Galatians 3:27
Baptismal Regeneration F. W. Robertson, M. A. Galatians 3:27
Baptized into Christ have Put on Christ Doune. Galatians 3:27
Putting on Christ Bishop Moberly. Galatians 3:27
The Investiture of Christ   Galatians 3:27
All One in Christ Canon Westcott. Galatians 3:28
Believers One in Christ Dr. Guthrie. Galatians 3:28
Christ and the Church One Homilist Galatians 3:28
Christ the Centre of Christian Union Octavius Winslow, D. D. Galatians 3:28
Christian Unity J. Lyth. Galatians 3:28
Grounds of Unity J. Cumming, D. D. Galatians 3:28
In Christ   Galatians 3:28
Near Christ, Near Christians J. Cumming, D. D. Galatians 3:28
One in Christ Dean Vaughan. Galatians 3:28
Oneness in Christ Archbishop Taft. Galatians 3:28
The Oneness of Believers Trapp. Galatians 3:28
The Unity of True Believers B. Beddome, M. A. Galatians 3:28
Union with Christ and its Results J. G. Murphy, LL. D. Galatians 3:28
Unity and Union J. Angell James. Galatians 3:28
Unity in Diversity H. R. Reynolds, B. A. Galatians 3:28
Unity not Necessarily Uniformity J. Cumming, D. D. Galatians 3:28
Abraham's Spiritual Seed J. Henderson, D. D. Galatians 3:29
Believers Heirs of God   Galatians 3:29
Christian Privileges W. Perkins. Galatians 3:29



Christian Believers Exhorted to the Maintenance of Their Spiritual Liberty H. H. Chettle. Galatians 5:1
Christian Freedom W. Perkins. Galatians 5:1
Christian Freedom W.F. Adeney Galatians 5:1
Christian Liberty Bishop Hall. Galatians 5:1
Christian Liberty Emilius Bayley, B. D. Galatians 5:1
Christian Liberty Canon Ince. Galatians 5:1
Christian Liberty a Trust C. W. H. Kenrick, M. A. Galatians 5:1
Fifteenth Sunday After Trinity Church Officers Warned of Vain-Glory Martin Luther Galatians 5:1
Freedom and Slavery Milton. Galatians 5:1
Liberty from Law Unconscious Obedience H. W. Beecher. Galatians 5:1
Liberty not Lawlessness Newman Hall. Galatians 5:1
Personal Liberty of the Christian H. W. Beecher. Galatians 5:1
Spiritual and Related Freedoms Newman Hall. Galatians 5:1
Spiritual Freedom J. Vaughan, M. A. Galatians 5:1
Spiritual Liberty C. Buck. Galatians 5:1
Stand Fast C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 5:1
Stand Fast J. Harding, M. A. Galatians 5:1
Standing Fast in Liberty H. H. Chettle. Galatians 5:1
The Bounds of Christian Freedom Canon Fremantle. Galatians 5:1
The Freedom of the Christian J. Vaughan, M. A. Galatians 5:1
The Secret of Steadfastness W. Arnot. Galatians 5:1
The Soul's Rebellion Against its Thraldom Newman Hall. Galatians 5:1
Christianity not Uniformity Thomas Jones. Galatians 5:2
Circumcision Matthew Henry. Galatians 5:2
The Law and Grace T. Manton, D. D. Galatians 5:2
The Superfluousness of Circumcision H. W. Beecher. Galatians 5:2
Circumcision R. Finlayson Galatians 5:2-12
Falling from Grace R.M. Edgar Galatians 5:2-12
The Comprehensiveness of the Claims of the Law C. Simeon Galatians 5:3
The Great Dilemma   Galatians 5:3
Although the Law Cannot Justify, it has a Value Luther. Galatians 5:4
Falling Away Cawdray. Galatians 5:4
Falling from Grace Foster. Galatians 5:4
Is Christ Preached Of no Effect J. Irons, D. D. Galatians 5:4
Difference Between Faith and Hope Luther. Galatians 5:5
Faith and Hope Complementary of Each Other Luther. Galatians 5:5
Faith and Hope in Our Lord Jesus Christ S. Price. Galatians 5:5
Faith and Morality Jeremy Taylor. Galatians 5:5
Faith the Only Basis of Righteousness and Hope Thomas Jones. Galatians 5:5
Hope with Faith   Galatians 5:5
Righteousness by Faith J. H. Balfour. Galatians 5:5
Salvation by Faith and the Work of the Spirit C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 5:5
The Believer's Treasure James Fergusson. Galatians 5:5
The Hope of Righteousness W.F. Adeney Galatians 5:5
The Hope of Righteousness Reasonable Malan. Galatians 5:5
The Spirit Inclining Us to Seek After Righteousness T. Manton, D. D. Galatians 5:5
Christian Enthusiasm American Homiletic Review Galatians 5:6
Faith E. B. Pusey, D. D. Galatians 5:6
Faith and Love T. Adams. Galatians 5:6
Faith and Love Intimately Connected Luther., F. Quarles., S. T. Coleridge., Erskine. Galatians 5:6
Faith Worketh   Galatians 5:6
Faith Working by and not by Love Dean Stanley. Galatians 5:6
Faith Working by Love C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 5:6
Faith Working by Love T. Adams., Canon Liddon. Galatians 5:6
Faith Working by Love J. Vaughan, M. A. Galatians 5:6
Faith Working by Love the Only Genuine Faith Jeremy Taylor. Galatians 5:6
Faith Working Through Love W.F. Adeney Galatians 5:6
Faith, a Power T. MacNeece, D. D. Galatians 5:6
Faith's Evidences J. Vaughan, M. A. Galatians 5:6
How to Estimate the Strength of Faith W. Gurnall. Galatians 5:6
Love Impossible Without Faith H. W. Beecher. Galatians 5:6
Prevailing Faith C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 5:6
That Salvation is Conditional Does not Affect its Gratuitousness H. MeIvill, B. D. Galatians 5:6
The Grandeur of Faith B. M. Palmer, D. D. Galatians 5:6
The Office and Operation of Faith Theological Sketch-book Galatians 5:6
The Order of Gracious Exercises in the Renewed Heart N. Emmons, D. D. Galatians 5:6
The Relation of Faith and Love to Spiritual Life T. MacNeece, D. D. Galatians 5:6
The Relations Between Faith and Love C. H. Spurgeon., T. Adams. Galatians 5:6
Uncircumcision Availeth Nothing A. Maclaren, D. D. Galatians 5:6
What Makes a Christian: Circumcision or Faith A. Maclaren, D. D. Galatians 5:6
A Difficult Race G. S. Bowes. Galatians 5:7
A Sailor Remarks Cheever. Galatians 5:7
A Wrong Maxim The Christian Galatians 5:7
Christian Advancement Ruskin. Galatians 5:7
Fickleness W. Gurnall., W. Gurnall. Galatians 5:7
Gradual Back-Sliding H. Melvill, B. D., J. Hamilton, D. D. Galatians 5:7
Hindered W.F. Adeney Galatians 5:7
Hindered Christians James Hamilton, D. D. Galatians 5:7
Hinderers P Galatians 5:7
Hindrances Hadji. Galatians 5:7
Hindrances Rev. Dr. Plumer., From the German., Felix Neff., C. Nell. Galatians 5:7
Hindrances -- Novel Reading   Galatians 5:7
Hindrances -- Riches   Galatians 5:7
Hindrances to a Godly Life R. D. B. Rawnsley, M. A. Galatians 5:7
Hindrances to Religious Life H. W. Beecher. Galatians 5:7
Obeying the Truth W. Nevins, D. D. Galatians 5:7
Obstructions to Spiritual Progress Dean Goulburn. Galatians 5:7
Religious Decline H. Melvill, B. D. Galatians 5:7
Running W. Perkins. Galatians 5:7
Signs of Backsliding C. Buck. Galatians 5:7
Spasmodic Religion S. Charnock. Galatians 5:7
Spiritual Declension D. L. Moody. Galatians 5:7
Spiritual Declension Insidious H. Melvill, B. D. Galatians 5:7
The Nature of Backsliding C. Buck. Galatians 5:7
Various Hindrances C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 5:7
Want of Perseverance T. Adams. Galatians 5:7
Warning Against Defection James Fergusson. Galatians 5:7
This Persuasion W. Perkins. Galatians 5:8
A Little Leaven Kurtz. Galatians 5:9
Danger of Little Sins T. Brooks., H. W. Beecher., Bishop Hopkins. Galatians 5:9
Deteriorating Influence of Little Sins H. W. Beecher. Galatians 5:9
Infectious Nature of Evil Hedinger. Galatians 5:9
Insidiousness of Little Sins H. W. Beecher. Galatians 5:9
Leaven W.F. Adeney Galatians 5:9
Leaven as a Symbol of Evil J. Clifford, D. D. Galatians 5:9
Little Faults   Galatians 5:9
Little Sins Lead to Greater T. Manton, D. D., R. Baxter. Galatians 5:9
One Wilful Sin Enough to Ruin   Galatians 5:9
Scripture Use of Leaven R. Winterbotham, B. Sc. Galatians 5:9
Sin Encroacheth by Degrees Upon the Soul G. Swinnock. Galatians 5:9
The Bad Leaven; Or, the Contagion of Sin T. Adams. Galatians 5:9
The Lost Hammer   Galatians 5:9
The Power of Example H. Macmillan, LL. D. Galatians 5:9
Bearing the Judgment Trench. Galatians 5:10
The Troubled Church and its Troublers W. Perkins. Galatians 5:10
Preach the Cross Bishop Ryle. Galatians 5:11
The Offence of the Cross C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 5:11
The Offence of the Cross Spencer. Galatians 5:11
The Perversion of Apostolic Preaching R. W. Hamilton, D. D. Galatians 5:11
The Slandered Apostle W. Perkins. Galatians 5:11
Church Troublers W. Perkins. Galatians 5:12
Reasons for Paul's Indignation T. Binney. Galatians 5:12
By Love Serve One Another J. Angell James. Galatians 5:13
Christian Liberty Essex Congregational Remembrancer Galatians 5:13
Law and Liberty F. W. Robertson., Bishop Hopkins., T. T. Lynch. Galatians 5:13
Liberty Through Love S. A. Brooke, M. A. Galatians 5:13
Loving Service Biblical Treasury Galatians 5:13
One Another E. Johnson, M. A. Galatians 5:13
The Joy of Liberty C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 5:13
Liberty and not Licence W.F. Adeney Galatians 5:13-15
The Liberty of Love R.M. Edgar Galatians 5:13-15
Freedom Sustained by the Spirit R. Finlayson Galatians 5:13-26
Caring for Others   Galatians 5:14
Love of Our Neighbour T. Robinson., J. Lyth. , D. D. Galatians 5:14
Neighbourly Love Sunday Magazine Galatians 5:14
Self-Love Bishop Butler. Galatians 5:14
The Fulfilling of the Law W. Tyson. Galatians 5:14
The Love of Our Neighbour Bishop Butler. Galatians 5:14
We May Love Man Because of What He is as Man Thomas Jones. Galatians 5:14
Consumed One of Another: Strife in the Fold   Galatians 5:15
Dissensions in the Church R. A. Bertram. Galatians 5:15
Evils of Strife Spencer. Galatians 5:15
Good Results from Cessation of Party Strife G. Bowden. Galatians 5:15
How to Defeat Strife Persian Fables Galatians 5:15
How to End Bickerings C. Neil. Galatians 5:15
Satanic Origin of Quarrels Among Christians W. Gurnall. Galatians 5:15
The Evil of Dissensions T. Fuller, D. D. Galatians 5:15
The Ideal Brotherhood   Galatians 5:15
Uncharitable Contentions in the Church of God   Galatians 5:15
Unity Among Christians to be Sought After   Galatians 5:15
Wranglings Destroy Churches American. Galatians 5:15
Entire Consecration Necessary S. Jones. Galatians 5:16
Flesh and Spirit Dean Stanley. Galatians 5:16
Flesh Versus Spirit Emilius Bayley, B. D. Galatians 5:16
How May We be So Spiritual as to Check Sin in the First Risings of It John Gibbon, B. D. Galatians 5:16
How to Overcome Temptation T. Guthrie, D. D. Galatians 5:16
How to Vanquish Sin John Bunyan. Galatians 5:16
The Appeal to the Spiritual Nature A. Boyd Carpenter, M. A. Galatians 5:16
The Divine Rule Bp. Huntington. Galatians 5:16
The Life and Warfare of the Spirit in the Soul J. Morgan, D. D. Galatians 5:16
The Marks of a Christian   Galatians 5:16
The Non-Fulfilment of the Lust of the Flesh Without the Spirit H. Melvill, B. D. Galatians 5:16
The Pauline Ethics Paul of Tarsus. Galatians 5:16
The Positiveness of the Divine Life Phillips Brooks, D. D. Galatians 5:16
The Principles and Method of Christian Life S. Pearson, M. A. Galatians 5:16
The Renewed Man H. Melvill, B. D. Galatians 5:16
The Spirit and the Flesh C. Kingsley, M. A. Galatians 5:16
The Spiritual Walk T. Manton, D. D. Galatians 5:16
The Spiritual Walk J. Hambleton. Galatians 5:16
Twofold Nature of Man A. Boyd Carpenter, M. A. Galatians 5:16
Value of Spirituality of Mind S. J. Wright. Galatians 5:16
Walk in the Spirit' Alexander Maclaren Galatians 5:16
Walking by the Spirit W.F. Adeney Galatians 5:16
Walking in the Spirit J. Venn, M. A. Galatians 5:16
Walking in the Spirit Bishop F. D. Huntington. Galatians 5:16
Walking in the Spirit Canon Tristram. Galatians 5:16
Walking with God H. J. Wilmot-Buxton Galatians 5:16
Freedom Sustained by the Spirit R. Finlayson Galatians 5:13-26
Christian Progress Realized Through Antagonism R.M. Edgar Galatians 5:16-26
Conflict and Conquest H. T. Cavell. Galatians 5:17
Contest Between Flesh and Spirit Bishop Walsham How. Galatians 5:17
Continuance of Natural Depravity in Christians   Galatians 5:17
Evil Thoughts Perilous W. Arnot, D. D. Galatians 5:17
Involuntary Transgression J. H. Newman, D. D. Galatians 5:17
Opposite Tendencies of Flesh and Spirit H. W. Beecher. Galatians 5:17
Self Versus Self J. S. Swan. Galatians 5:17
Sins of Infirmity J. H. Newman, D. D. Galatians 5:17
So that Ye Cannot Do the Things that Ye Would T. Binney. Galatians 5:17
Spiritual Conflict J. Vaughan, M. A. Galatians 5:17
The Believer's Struggle T. Guthrie, D. D. Galatians 5:17
The Christian's Conflicts H. G. Salter. Galatians 5:17
The Conflict in Man's Nature H. W. Beecher. Galatians 5:17
The Conflict of the Christian Life A. Mackennal, B. A., W. Landells, D. D., Bishop Hall. Galatians 5:17
The Struggle of the Flesh and the Spirit Edward White. Galatians 5:17
The Traitor Within C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 5:17
The Two Natures in a Christian George Philip. Galatians 5:17
The Two Selves W.F. Adeney Galatians 5:17
We Must Fight the Flesh Christopher Lowe. Galatians 5:17
A Disposition to Follow the Guide Needed Chas. H. Parkhurst, D. D. Galatians 5:18
Christian Freedom Chas. H. Parkhurst, D. D. Galatians 5:18
Freedom Only for the Spiritual Chas. H. Parkhurst, D. D. Galatians 5:18
From Bondage to Liberty by Obedience H. W. Beecher. Galatians 5:18
Superiority of Spiritual to Legal Guidance Chas. H. Parkhurst, D. D. Galatians 5:18
The Guidance of the Spirit Chas. H. Parkhurst, D. D. Galatians 5:18
The Holy Spirit Our Light Newman Hall. Galatians 5:18
The Leading of the Spirit R. W. Evans, B. D., Bishop Hall. Galatians 5:18
The Spirit's Leading H. Melvill, B. D. Galatians 5:18
The Spiritually Guided not Under the Law H. W. Beecher. Galatians 5:18
Adultery   Galatians 5:19-21
All Sin is Seen by God Picture Paper. Galatians 5:19-21
Anger J. Beaumont, M. D., Bishop Beveridge. Galatians 5:19-21
Drunkenness Bishop Beveridge. Galatians 5:19-21
Drunkenness, Revellings Starke. Galatians 5:19-21
Emulation Bishop Beveridge. Galatians 5:19-21
Envyings Bishop Beveridge., G. Brooks., Socrates. Galatians 5:19-21
Evil of Hatred Plutarch. Galatians 5:19-21
Fleshly Sins Emilius Bayley, B. D. Galatians 5:19-21
Fornication Bishop Beveridge. Galatians 5:19-21
Hatred (Of God Bishop Beveridge. Galatians 5:19-21
Hatred (Of Man Bishop Beveridge. Galatians 5:19-21
Heresies H. W. Beecher. Galatians 5:19-21
Idolatry   Galatians 5:19-21
Lasciviousness Bishop Beveridge. Galatians 5:19-21
Murder is not Mere Blood-Shedding J. Parker, D. D. Galatians 5:19-21
Murders C. A. Goodheart. Galatians 5:19-21
Remedy for Selfishness Canon Scott Holland. Galatians 5:19-21
Result of Walking After the Flesh Canon Scott Holland. Galatians 5:19-21
Seditions Bishop Beveridge. Galatians 5:19-21
St. Paul's Conception of The Flesh Canon Scott Holland. Galatians 5:19-21
Strife Bishop Beveridge. Galatians 5:19-21
The List of Vices John Eadie, D. D. Galatians 5:19-21
The Old Life Canon Scott Holland. Galatians 5:19-21
The Spirit Above Nature J. H. Godwin. Galatians 5:19-21
The Works of the Flesh Bishop Beveridge., Bishop Beveridge. Galatians 5:19-21
The Works of the Flesh Our Own C. H. Hall, D. D. Galatians 5:19-21
Uncleanness Bishop Beveridge. Galatians 5:19-21
Variance Bishop Beveridge. Galatians 5:19-21
Witchcraft   Galatians 5:19-21
Shall not Inherit the Kingdom of God Bishop Beveridge., H. W. Beecher. Galatians 5:21
Sin and Death T. Guthrie, D. D. Galatians 5:21
Sin Cuts Men Off from God Hare. Galatians 5:21
Sin's Dominion Fatal to the Soul Starke. Galatians 5:21
A Sermon to Wives Samuel P. Jones. Galatians 5:22
Advantage of Meekness John Trapp. Galatians 5:22
Armour of Peace C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 5:22
Benefits of Joy C.H. Spurgeon. Galatians 5:22
Catechism of Religion H. W. Beecher. Galatians 5:22
Christian Joy John Donne, D. D. Galatians 5:22
Christian Peace Abp. Trench. Galatians 5:22
Christians a Joyful People C.H. Spurgeon. Galatians 5:22
Danger of Substituting Any Other Test for This E. A. Washburn, D. D. Galatians 5:22
Definition of Meekness W. H. Elliott, M. A. Galatians 5:22
Definition of Temperance J. Hamilton, D. D. Galatians 5:22
Description of Gentleness J. Hamilton, D. D. Galatians 5:22
Duty of Joy H. W. Beecher. Galatians 5:22
Example of Meekness   Galatians 5:22
Faith H. W. Beecher., T. T. Lynch. Galatians 5:22
Faith W. C. E. Newbolt. Galatians 5:22
Faith, a Fruit of the Spirit W. H. Murray, D. D. Galatians 5:22
Fruit of the Spirit E. A. Washburn, D. D. Galatians 5:22
Gentleness J. Vaughan, M. A. Galatians 5:22
Gentleness J. N. Norton, D. D. Galatians 5:22
Gentleness John Thornton. Galatians 5:22
Gentleness W. C. E. Newbolt. Galatians 5:22
Gentleness and Goodness J. Reeve, M. A. Galatians 5:22
Gentleness, a Fruit of the Spirit W. H. Murray, D. D. Galatians 5:22
Gentleness: its Strength George Eliot. Galatians 5:22
Goodness J. N. Norton, D. D. Galatians 5:22
Goodness Dr. J. Hamilton. Galatians 5:22
Goodness W. C. E. Newbolt. Galatians 5:22
Goodness Is H. W. Beecher Galatians 5:22
Goodness, a Fruit of the Spirit W. H. Murray, D. D. Galatians 5:22
Hindering Christianity H. W. Beecher. Galatians 5:22
Joy H. W. Beecher., T. T. Lynch., T. T. Lynch. Galatians 5:22
Joy J. Reeve, M. A. Galatians 5:22
Joy W. C. E. Newbolt. Galatians 5:22
Joy in Jesus Dr. Newton. Galatians 5:22
Joy, a Fruit of the Spirit W. H. Murray, D. D. Galatians 5:22
Labours of Love Light C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 5:22
Law is Needed Up to a Certain Point H. W. Beecher., Bishop Lightfoot., B. Jowett, M. A., Canon Knox-Little. Galatians 5:22
Long-Suffering H. W. Beecher. Galatians 5:22
Long-Suffering W. C. E. Newbolt. Galatians 5:22
Long-Suffering -- Meekness J. Reeve, M. A. Galatians 5:22
Long-Suffering, a Fruit of the Spirit W. H. Murray, D. D. Galatians 5:22
Long-Suffering, a Patience John Thornton. Galatians 5:22
Love R. A. Bertram. Galatians 5:22
Love J. Reeve, M. A. Galatians 5:22
Love W. C. E. Newbolt. Galatians 5:22
Love Casts Out Fear Newton. Galatians 5:22
Love Ennobles W. Braden. Galatians 5:22
Love First A. Maclaren, D. D. Galatians 5:22
Love Lightens Duty T. Watson., Archbishop Tillotson. Galatians 5:22
Love Produced by the Spirit in Regeneration N. Emmons, D. D. Galatians 5:22
Love, the Fruit of the Spirit W. H. Murray, D. D. Galatians 5:22
Love, the Heat of the Universe H. W. Beecher. Galatians 5:22
Love, the Test of Discipleship W. Gurnall. Galatians 5:22
Man's Productive Capabilities H. W. Beecher. Galatians 5:22
Meekness J. Eadie, D. D. Galatians 5:22
Meekness W. C. E. Newbolt. Galatians 5:22
Meekness an Evidence of Connection with God W. H. Murray, D. D. Galatians 5:22
Meekness and Forgiveness Anecdotes of the Wesleys. Galatians 5:22
Meekness is Love At School -- the Saviour's School J. Hamilton, D. D. Galatians 5:22
Meekness, a Fruit of the Spirit W. H. Murray, D. D. Galatians 5:22
Nature is Love Thomas Jones. Galatians 5:22
Need of Gentleness   Galatians 5:22
New Leaves Pushing Off the Old C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 5:22
No Law Against the Spiritual H. W. Beecher. Galatians 5:22
Of Joy T. Watson. Galatians 5:22
On Faith, or Fidelity John Thornton. Galatians 5:22
On Goodness, or Benevolence John Thornton. Galatians 5:22
On Holy Love John Thornton. Galatians 5:22
On Meekness John Thornton. Galatians 5:22
On Spiritual Peace John Thornton. Galatians 5:22
On Temperance John Thornton. Galatians 5:22
On the Influence of the Holy Spirit John Thornton. Galatians 5:22
Peace H. W. Beecher. Galatians 5:22
Peace W. C. E. Newbolt. Galatians 5:22
Peace J. Reeve, M. A. Galatians 5:22
Peace in Poverty C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 5:22
Peace is Love Reposing J. Hamilton, D. D. Galatians 5:22
Peace, a Fruit of the Spirit W. H. Murray, D. D. Galatians 5:22
Peace, a Treasure Krummacher. Galatians 5:22
Perseverance in Goodness Archbishop Seeker. Galatians 5:22
Power of Gentleness Anon. Galatians 5:22
Power of Meekness   Galatians 5:22
Spiritual Fertility H. E. Manning. Galatians 5:22
Spiritual Fruit in the Church H. E. Manning. Galatians 5:22
Spiritual Tests E. A. Washburn, D. D. Galatians 5:22
Symmetrical Fertility American Homeletic Review Galatians 5:22
Temperance Orby Shipley., Bp. Beveridge., H. W. Beecher., Jeremy Collier., Theodore Parker. Galatians 5:22
Temperance W. C. E. Newbolt. Galatians 5:22
Temperance, a Fruit of the Spirit W. H. Murray, D. D. Galatians 5:22
Test of Love   Galatians 5:22
Test of Meekness H. W. Beecher Galatians 5:22
The Analysis of Grace   Galatians 5:22
The Christian's Joy John Thornton. Galatians 5:22
The Divine Source of Love H. W. Beecher. Galatians 5:22
The Fruit of the Spirit Family Churchman., Family Churchman., H. W. Beecher Galatians 5:22
The Fruit of the Spirit Alexander Maclaren Galatians 5:22
The Fruit of the Spirit an Element of Christian Assurance T. Fuller, D. D. Galatians 5:22
The Fruit of the Spirit is Love H. W. Beecher. Galatians 5:22
The Fruit of the Spirit is Love J. W. Cunningham, M. A. Galatians 5:22
The Fruit of the Spirit Visible C. H. Hall, D. D. Galatians 5:22
The Fruits of the Spirit Bishop Sanderson. Galatians 5:22
The Harmony of Manhood W. C. E. Newbolt. Galatians 5:22
The Influence of the Holy Spirit Perceptible A. M. Toplady. Galatians 5:22
The Method and Variety of Spiritual Joy George Cheever, D. D. Galatians 5:22
The Relation of Joy to Love A. H. Hollam. Galatians 5:22
The Right Use of Human Capabilities W. C. E. Newbolt. Galatians 5:22
The Secret of Christian Fruitfulness Spencer. Galatians 5:22
The Spirit's Relation to Law W. H. Murray, D. D. Galatians 5:22
The Spiritual Life Emilius Bayley, B. D. Galatians 5:22
The Transition from the Works of the Flesh to the Fruit of the Spirit H. W. Beecher. Galatians 5:22
The Ultimatum of Christian Life Samuel P. Jones. Galatians 5:22
The Voice of Love C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 5:22
There is a Great Difference Between the Joy of the Christian and the Joy of the Worldling J. G. Pilkington. Galatians 5:22
True Goodness A. W. Hare. Galatians 5:22
Value of Goodness Dr. J. Duncan. Galatians 5:22
Youthful Goodness Canon Knox-Little. Galatians 5:22
The Fruit of the Spirit W.F. Adeney Galatians 5:22, 23
Crucifixion of the Flesh C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 5:24
Crucifying the Flesh Samuel Jones. Galatians 5:24
Crucifying the Flesh Luke H. Wiseman, M. A. Galatians 5:24
Crucifying the Flesh T. Brooks. Galatians 5:24
Moral Crucifixion J. Hughes. Galatians 5:24
Of the Nature, Principle, and Necessity of Mortification   Galatians 5:24
On the Marks Which Distinguish a Real Christian Thomas Gisborne. Galatians 5:24
Self-Denial the Duty of Christians R. South, D. D. Galatians 5:24
The Believer Crucifying His Sins C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 5:24
The Christian's Calvary W. B. Pope, D. D. Galatians 5:24
The Cross a Reality in Our Life Canon G. E. Jelf. Galatians 5:24
The Gospel the Guarantee of Morality C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 5:24
We Must Forsake Sin D. L. Moody. Galatians 5:24
A Christian's Walk   Galatians 5:25
Walking in the Spirit J. Buchanan, D. D. Galatians 5:25
Walking in the Spirit John Milne. Galatians 5:25
Love of Vainglory Luther. Galatians 5:26
Unworthy Boasts John Brown, D. D. Galatians 5:26
Vainglory W. Perkins. Galatians 5:26
Vainglory J. W. Burns. Galatians 5:26
Vainglory C. H. Spurgeon. Galatians 5:26




DISCLAIMER: Before you "go to the commentaries" go to the Scriptures and study them inductively (Click 3 part overview of how to do Inductive Bible Study) in dependence on your Teacher, the Holy Spirit, Who Jesus promised would guide us into all the truth (John 16:13). Remember that Scripture is always the best commentary on Scripture. Any commentary, even those by the most conservative and orthodox teacher/preachers cannot help but have at least some bias of the expositor based upon his training and experience. Therefore the inclusion of specific links does not indicate that we agree with every comment. We have made a sincere effort to select only the most conservative, "bibliocentric" commentaries. Should you discover some commentary or sermon you feel may not be orthodox, please email your concern. I have removed several links in response to concerns by discerning readers. I recommend that your priority be a steady intake of solid Biblical food so that with practice you will have your spiritual senses trained to discern good from evil (Heb 5:14-note).