Titus 2:11-14 is a single sentence in Greek and surely is one of the
great theological statements in the Bible.
For (1063)(gar) is a
term of explanation, and should
always be viewed as an invitation and/or opportunity to prayerfully pause
and ponder (meditate
on) the passage in the power of the Spirit (your constant
Teacher - 1Cor 2:10-16, 1Jn 2:20, 27), always asking at least one
question - "What is the text explaining?" which will force you
to examine the preceding passages, which in turn will hone or refine
your skill of
and help you establish thste
which will lead to a more accurate
which is essential for valid
of the text. Notice how this discipline of pausing to ponder,
slows you down so that you do not "speed read" the text, a real and
present danger if you are reading through the Bible in a year (which
necessitates larger "chunks" of Scripture each day). Pausing
causes you to more actively engage the Word of God (and
the God of the Word), a benefit and blessing which is minimized when you
read too fast and only passively, like a bystander rather
than a participant.
has said that the word for (gar) "suggests that here is
the theological foundation for what the apostle had just written."
I think Paul is explaining how it is possible for saved sinners to
"adorn the doctrine" of God (Titus 2:10), rather than dishonor it (Titus
2:5). How? Grace!
In this context the "for" looks back
first to Titus
but as Steven Cole points out, it goes even further back in Paul's
Steven Cole writes that "The word “for” (gar) that opens
verse 11 links these verses to what he has just said. In Titus 2:1-10, Paul
has shown that various groups of believers should beautify their lives
with godliness and good deeds so as to attract others to the Savior.
Paul’s mention of “God our Savior” (Titus 2:10-note)
causes him to elaborate on the theological basis for our salvation and
how understanding that inevitably leads to a life of godliness and good
deeds. At the heart of everything is this crucial concept of God’s
grace. (Titus 2:11-14 How Grace Works)
Hiebert explains that "For marks Paul's masterly
epitome of Christian doctrine as the proper foundation for the ethical
demands just made on the various groups. Christian conduct must be
grounded in and motivated by Christian truth. The vitality of doctrinal
profession must be demonstrated by transformed Christian conduct. Titus 2:11-14 unfold the meaning of
"God our Savior" in Titus 2:10. Paul could not think of Christian
and conduct apart from God's grace. He speaks of the manifestation of
God's grace (v. 11), the Christian's present training by grace (v. 12),
the expectation of Christ's return (v. 13), and the aim of Christ's
redemptive work (v. 14).
A W Pink writes that...
In the immediate context the
Apostle had exhorted servants to walk amiably and faithfully, so
that they "adorned the doctrine of God our Savior in all things." It is
deeply important that we should be sound in doctrine, for error
acts upon the soul the same as poison does upon the body. Yes, it is
very necessary that we be sound in the Faith, for it is dishonoring to
God and injurious to ourselves to believe the Devil's lies, for that is
what false doctrine is. Then let us not despise doctrinal preaching, for
"All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for
doctrine" (2Ti 3:16-note).
But there is something else which is
equally important as being sound in doctrine, namely, that we adorn it
by our conduct. The sounder I am in doctrine, the more loudly I
advertise my orthodox views, the more do I bring that doctrine into
reproach—if my life is
worldly, and my walk carnal.
How earnestly we need to pray for Divine enablement that we may "adorn
the doctrine in all things." We need the doctrine of Scripture written
upon our hearts, molding our character, regulating our ways, influencing
our conduct. We "adorn" the doctrine when we "walk in newness of life,"
cp Ro 7:6-note
for how this is possible = "the Spirit" enables us!) when we live each
hour as those who must appear before the final judgment (2Co 5:10-note). And
we are to "adorn the doctrine in all things"—in every sphere we occupy,
every relation we sustain, every circle which God's providence brings us
The Apostle now enforces what he said in Titus 2:10 by reminding us that
"the grace of God that brings salvation has appeared to all men."
This is in blessed contrast from the Law, which brings nothing but
"condemnation." But the grace of God brings salvation, and that
in a twofold way—by what Christ has done for His people, and by what He
works in them (cp
Three Tenses of Salvation).
"He shall save His people from their sins" (Mt. 1:21)—save from the
guilt and penalty of sin, and from the love or power of sin. This grace
of God "has appeared"—it has broken forth like the light of the
morning after a dark night. It has "appeared" both objectively
and subjectively—in the Gospel and in our hearts, "when it pleased
God . . . . to reveal His Son in me" (Gal 1:15, 16); "God, who
commanded the light to shine out of darkness, has shined in our hearts"
The grace of God—His
loving-kindness, His goodwill, His free favor—hath appeared "to all
men." That expression is used in Scripture in two different
senses—sometimes it means all without exception, as in "all have sinned
and come short of the glory of God." In other passages it signifies all
without distinction, as it does here—to the bondsmen, as well as the
free; to the servant as the master, to the Gentiles as well as to the
Jews; to all kinds and conditions of men.
Preparing for Glory)
Barclay introduces this
section noting that "There are few passages in the
New Testament which so vividly set out the moral power (to carry
out the ethical demands)...as this does. Its whole stress is the miracle of moral
change which Jesus Christ can work. (Ed: Specifically His grace and His
Hiebert writes that "Titus 2:1-10 give
instructions for the different groups in the congregations; Titus 2:11-14
unfold the grace of God as the motivating power for Christian living;
and Titus 2:15-note summarizes the duty of Titus on Crete. (Titus 2:1-10) Paul here
stresses the importance of building up the inner life
of believers as the best antidote against error. Sound doctrine must
lead to ethical conduct in the lives of all the groups in the
Expositor's Greek Testament explains that...
The teaching (didaskalia) though
really practical can be plausibly alleged to be mere theory; it must
then, by good works, be rendered attractive ("adorn the doctrine" v10) to them that are without
explains that the for this way...
After mentioning the duties of these
different classes, the Apostle enforces his exhortation by referring to
that revelation of salvation, which alone gives strength for a godly
life, and also, on account of its aim and tendency, lays believers under
the most endearing obligations to follow it. (Lange, J. P., Schaff, P.,
van Oosterzee, J. J., & Day, G. E. A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures:
UBS Handbook writes that Titus 2:11ff...
give the theological basis for the
previous section, that is, they give the reason why Titus should teach
Christians to display exemplary behavior. This relation is marked by the
word For at the beginning of verse 11. It is as if Paul
was saying “The reason why you should teach Christians to behave this
way is because … ,” or simply “It is for this reason that …”
At the same time this section also explains in some way the content of
the last part of verse 10, namely, “the doctrine of God our Savior.”
This theological basis is about God’s
grace that has been revealed for the purpose of bringing salvation for
all humankind. Furthermore, this grace enables Christians to live lives
that are acceptable to God as they wait for the return of Jesus Christ.
D. C., & Hatton, H. The United Bible Societies' New Testament
If we go
back to the opening verse of chapter 2 we read
But as for you, speak the things
which are fitting for sound doctrine. (see note
"fitting" describes those things which are appropriate, proper,
seemly or becoming. Doctrine should be associated with certain behaviors
which truly reflect that doctrine and thus are proper, seemly or
becoming. In Titus 2:2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 Paul describes sound (healthy)
doctrine as it applies to several groups of believers (older men,
older women, young women, younger men), ending up with a doctrine
directed to slaves...
Urge bondslaves to be subject to
their own masters in everything, to be well-pleasing, not argumentative,
not pilfering, but showing all good faith that they may adorn the
doctrine (expounded on in verses 2-10) of God our Savior in every
respect. (See notes
this preceding context, we note that what Paul is getting ready
to write will explain how all the categories of believers addressed in verses 2-10)
are able to adorn the
doctrine of God our Savior in every respect or
make the teaching about God our Savior
attractive (NIV). The
In summary, the word "for" in this verse introduces Paul's
explanation of why and how each group of believers just mentioned in Titus
2:1-10 can make the doctrine of God our Savior attractive. The only way to fulfill this lofty goal is by
God's all sufficient
which is His supernatural empowerment of believers to enable them to do what
they cannot do naturally. The Christian life is a supernatural life and
thus necessitates continual dependence on the source of life giving
grace. The isle of Crete certainly needed to see (living out of
the Gospel in the the lives
of the genuine believers, old, young, male and female) and hear this message (in the proclamation of
the Gospel) concerning the true and sound doctrine of God our Savior because
most Cretans were
doing what was right in their own eyes (Jdg 21:25-note,cf
In short, like all unregenerate men and women, they
had no inherent power to consistently say "no" to
their Slave Master
(and the fallen
Ro 6:11, 12, 13-notes
This ordering of material contrasts
with that used in several of Paul’s other letters (Romans, Ephesians,
and Colossians), where he first gives the doctrinal basis for conduct
then goes on to show how that correct belief leads to practical
Christianity. Here the order is reversed. Paul is saying, in effect,
“The reason I can speak so emphatically about the way you should behave
is because I know what God has done. He has caused His grace … that
brings salvation [to appear] to all men” (2:11). (Black, Robert;
McClung, Ronald: 1 & 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon: a commentary for bible
Paul once again reminds us
axiomatic truth that Christian
doctrine (especially the Gospel of salvation) is preached most effectively by
Christian's conduct. As the natural "Cretans" of every age watch the
supernatural lives of believers, they are either repelled or attracted
to Christ in the believer.
Beloved, what is "the gospel"
according to you?
Creed determines conduct.
What creed does your conduct preach to those
Hampton Keathley has an
excellent introduction to this great section of Titus 2:11-15...
There is no doubt that Titus 2:11-14
and its companion, Titus 3:4-7 (Titus 3:4, 5, 6, 7-note),
are two of the great theological passages of the New Testament. These
texts deal with salvation (past, present, and future), with
Christology (the person and work of Christ), and Pneumatology
(the person and work of the Spirit), but central to their focus is the
practical ramifications of this gracious working of God on behalf
of all people. In the process of developing the theme of God’s gracious
work on our behalf, these two passages set forth the reasons why
believers in Christ can and should live a godly Christian life.
As to Titus 2:11-14, there are few
passages in the New Testament which so beautifully and vividly point us
to the transforming power of both the first
and second epiphanies (appearances) of Christ as does this passage. In
these verses are truths that cry out to be communicated (cf. Titus 2:15-note)
because of their tremendous implications on human life for both now and
in the millennial and eternal futures.
But as we examine
this passage (Titus 2:11-15), we dare not overlook its place and purpose
in the message of this epistle. The book of Titus strongly stresses the
need of good works in the lives of Christians. In fact, this note
is sounded over and over again either by way of terms like godliness
(two times) good deeds or good works (four times) or by a
list of moral qualities that characterize godly leadership and
behavior (three times [cf. Titus 1:1, 6, 7, 8, 9, 16; 2:1-10, 14; 3:1,
2, 3, 8,
14]). For a book of three short chapters, this is a strong emphasis.
Thus, as the title of this section implies (The Foundation, Means, and
Motivation for Godly Behavior), these verses provide the theological
foundation, means, and motivation (the “declaration”) for the previous
instructions (the “exhortations”) of Titus 1:10-2:10. At the end of the
last section, Titus 2:10
the apostle demonstrated his concern that Christians do credit to the
teaching of God our Savior before a lost world. With this mention of
God our Savior, Paul launched into a declaration of God’s gracious
and saving activity which he defined as the appearing of the grace of
God that brings salvation for all people, a reference to the
first advent of Christ...
In summary, the
motivation for good works, so much a theme of the book of Titus,
looks both ways—to the past and
to the future. We should be motivated to faithful service and good works
as we (1) reflect back- on what Christ has done for us and why, and (2)
as we wait expectantly for His blessed and glorious appearance for us.
This glorious coming is one of the prominent themes of the New
Testament. (See Keathley's full excellent discussion of
Titus 2:11-15 The Foundation, Means, and Motivation for Godly
THE GRACE OF
GOD: te charis ton theou: (Ps
84:11; Zech 4:7; 12:10; Jn 1:14, 16, Jn 1:17 ; Acts 11:23; 13:43; Acts 20:24;
32 Ro 4:4; 4:5 5:2,15,20 21; 11:5 11:6 2Cor 6:1; Gal 2:21; Eph 1:6, 1:7;
2:5, 2:8; 2Th 2:16; 1Ti 1:14; Heb 2:9; 12:15; 1Pe 1:10, 11, 12, 5:5,
5:6, 5:7, 5:8, 5:9, 5:10, 5:11 5:12) (Titus 3:4, Lk 1:79, 2:30, 2Ti 1:9,
10, 2Co 8:9 Ps 98:2, Isa 49:6, 52:10, 60:1-3)
Grace of God - Most
commentaries agree that
this phrase is virtually synonymous with the Son of God and thus refers
to the first advent of Messiah. A few commentators see this phrase as a
reference to "the Gospel" but that is not a striking difference as the
gospel is ultimately the good news of Jesus Christ's death, burial and
resurrection that occurred in His first appearing. In sum, the first
coming of Christ is in essence the Personal manifestation of God’s
grace. In the words of Chuck Swindoll "Grace is summed up in the name,
person, and work of the Lord Jesus Christ." This is all the more
intriguing in view of the fact that Jesus Himself never used the word
"grace" (charis). He simply lived it and by so doing left us an example
to follow in His steps (1Pe 2:21). Swindoll recalls Jesus'
examples of grace demonstrated...
He stood alongside a woman caught in
adultery. The Law clearly stated, “Stone her.” The grace killers who set
her up demanded the same. Yet Christ said to those self-righteous
Pharisees, “He who is without sin, let him cast the first stone.” What
grace! Under the Law they had every legal right to bury her beneath the
rocks in their hands . . . and they were ready. There they stood with
self-righteous fire in their eyes, but He intervened in grace. When His
friend Lazarus died,
Martha met Him on the road and Mary later faced Him in the house. Both
blamed Him for not coming earlier: “If You had been here, my brother
would not have died!” (John 11:21). There is strong accusation in those
words. He took them in grace. With the turn of His hand, He could have
sent them to eternity; but He refused to answer them back in argument.
That is grace. When He told stories, grace was a favorite theme. He
employed a gracious style in handling children. He spoke of the prodigal
son in grace. As He told stories of people who were caught in helpless
situations, grace abounded . . . as with the good Samaritan. (The
A W Pink asks...
how may I know that the grace of
God which brings salvation has appeared to me?
A vitally important question is that,
one which none who really values the eternal interest of his or her
soul, will treat lightly or take for granted. There are many who profess
to be "saved" but they give no evidence of it in their lives. Now here
is the inspired answer.
"Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts."
Divine grace teaches its favored recipients subjectively as well as
objectively, effectually as well as theoretically.
Grace in the heart prevents us from
abusing grace in the head—it
delivers us from making grace the lackey of sin. Where the grace of God
brings salvation to the soul, it works effectually. And what is it that
grace teaches? Practical holiness. Grace does not eradicate ungodliness
and worldly lusts—but it causes us to deny them. And what but "Divine
grace" can? Philosophy cannot, nor ethics, nor any form of human
education or culture.
But grace does, by the impulsive
power of gratitude, by love's desire to please the Savior, by instilling
a determination to "walk worthy of the vocation wherewith we are
Preparing for Glory)
Amazing Grace in a few
different modes of presentation...
Amazing Grace - Bagpipes
Amazing Grace - Judy Collins and the
Mahalia Jackson - Amazing Grace
Declan Galbraith - Amazing Grace
Chris Tomlin - Amazing Grace (My
Chains Are Gone)
John associates grace
with our Lord Jesus Christ...
14 And the Word (Jn 1:1,2) became flesh,
and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, glory as of the only
begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth...
16 For of His fulness we have all received, and grace upon
grace. 17 For the Law was given through Moses; grace
and truth were realized through Jesus Christ. (Jn 1:14, 16 17)
excellent Mp3 message on Titus 2:11-15 listen to John Piper -
Our Hope: The Appearing of Jesus
Notice first of
all from our text in Titus 2 that there are two appearings of Christ—one
called an appearing of grace, the other called an appearing of glory.
Verse 11: "For the grace of God has
appeared for the salvation of all men." That is the first coming of
Christ—the appearance of grace.
Then verse 13: "Awaiting our blessed hope, the appearing of the glory of
our great God and Savior Jesus Christ." That is the second coming of
Christ—the appearance of glory.
First grace, then glory. (See transcript
Our Hope: The Appearing of Jesus
Discussion of Charis)
Grace (5485) (charis
from from chairo = to rejoice. English = charity. Beggars need "charity"
even as sinners need grace, for we are all spiritual paupers
outside of Christ, but "God gives where he finds empty hands"-Augustine
[cp Mt 5:3-note])
is a word which defies a simple definition but at its core conveys the
favor while the specific
nuances of charis depend on the
it is used. Someone has written that the word grace is probably
the greatest word in the Scriptures, even greater even than “love,”
because grace is love in action, and therefore includes it.
It is hardly too much to say that God
has in no word uttered Himself and all that was in His heart more
distinctly than in this word grace (charis)!
See studies on
related words -
English word grace is from the Latin gratia meaning favor, charm or thanks.
Gratia in turn is derived from gratus meaning free,
ready, quick, willing, prompt. Webster defines grace as the...
unmerited love and favor of God which is the spring and source of all
benefits men receive from Him, including especially His assistance given
man for his regeneration or sanctification. (Grace is) a virtue from God
influencing man, renewing his heart and restraining him from sin.
(Compare this more "modern Webster" with
Noah Webster's original definition of
Grace in simple terms is God's unmerited favor and supernatural
enablement and empowerment for salvation and for daily sanctification.
Grace is everything for nothing to those who don't deserve anything.
Grace is what every man needs, what none can earn and what God Alone can
and does freely give (see Ro 8:32-note
where "freely give" is
charizomai [word study]
from charis = a grace
gift!). Grace addresses man's sin, while mercy addresses man's misery.
The gift of grace makes men fit for salvation, miraculously
making separated strangers into God's beloved sons (1Th 1:4-note,
Jowett summarizes grace as God's "holy love on the move"
(Another source attributes this quote to H G C Moule).
This reminds me of the phrase that God is like the "hound of heaven"
chasing after sinners, sinners who before Christ saved them by grace
through faith, chased after sin but now because of the transforming
power of sanctifying grace, they no longer chase after sin but sin
"chases" after them! And so we see the continual need for God's grace!
Eadie in his commentary on Ephesians writes
that grace (charis) is...
goodwill on God's part which not only provides and applies salvation,
but blesses, cheers, and assists believers. As a wish expressed for the
Ephesian church, it does not denote mercy in its general aspect, but
that many-sided favour that comes in the form of hope to saints
in despondency, of joy to them in sorrow,
of patience to them in
suffering, of victory to them under assault, and of final triumph to
them in the hour of death. And so the (writer of Hebrews) calls it
grace in order to well-timed assistance. (He 4:16-note)
Commentary on the Greek text - Page 6)
offers a succinct synopsis of grace noting that...
In the Bible there are
distinctive meanings of grace; it means the mercy and active love of
God; it means the winsome attractiveness of God; it means the strength
of God to overcome.
The grace of God is described as...
Manifold (many-sided, multi-colored,
variegated) (1Pe 4:10-note)
Sufficient (sufficing, enough, adequate - there is never a
The Grace of God (Read the NT
occurrences of this beautiful phrase - Acts 11:23; 13:43; 14:26; 20:24;
Ro 5:15-note; 1Co 1:4; 3:10; 15:10; 2Co 1:12; 6:1; 8:1; 9:14; Gal.
2:21; Col 1:6-note; Titus 2:11-note; Heb 2:9-note;
He 12:15-note; 1Pe 5:12-note) expresses the Source of the Grace, God
Himself, "the God of all grace" (1Pe 5:1-note) Who reigns as sovereign on "the throne of grace"
and Who Alone "gives grace and glory" (Ps 84:11-Spurgeon's
The Expositor's Greek Testament
writes that the grace of God...
...is His kindness and love
of man (Titus 3:4-note) (a) as a revelation, in the Incarnation, and
also (b) in its visible results; and so it is both heard and recognized
(Col 1:6-note). Accordingly Barnabas could see it at Antioch (Acts 11:23).
calls the grace of God...
God’s gratuitous favor in the
scheme of redemption.
Wuest quotes Trench who wrote
hardly too much to say that the Greek mind has in no word uttered itself
and all that was at its heart more distinctly than in this." In other
words, all that the Greeks were and loved and exemplified in their art,
literature, and thought, lies embedded in this word. We can take
Trench’s words, and substituting the word “God” say, “It is hardly too
much to say that God has in no word uttered Himself and all that is in
His heart more than
of the most familiar short definitions of grace is God's unmerited favor.
Unfortunately, the practical, everyday, working definition of grace in
the lives of many believers goes little beyond this basic simple
fall woefully short of experiencing the riches of God's grace in their
everyday life as C H Spurgeon wrote...
There are many who are barely
Christians and have scarcely enough grace to float them into heaven, the
keel of their vessel grating on the gravel all the way.
Too many of us (yours truly included far too often!) are like the story
of the poor European family who saved for years to buy tickets to sail
to America. Once at sea, they carefully rationed the cheese and bread
they had brought for the journey. After 3 days, the boy complained to
his father, “I hate cheese sandwiches. If I don’t eat anything else
before we get to America, I’m going to die.” Giving the boy his last
nickel, the father told him to go to the ship’s galley and buy an
ice-cream cone. When the boy returned a long time later with a wide
smile, his worried dad asked, “Where were you?” “In the galley, eating
three ice-cream cones and a steak dinner!” “All that for a nickel?” “Oh,
no, the food is free,” the boy replied. “It comes with the ticket.”
Amazing Grace, not cheap, but free, sufficient to save a wretch
like me, the first day, and then every day for the rest (pun intended)
of my life!
And so we need to
of grace as unmerited favor by stating that grace is the unmerited favor
of God shown to man primarily in the Person and work of Jesus Christ,
Who is now the believer's new life (Via His indwelling, enabling Spirit) and new Source of strength for this
supernatural life (cp 2Co 5:17-note).
This truth about the "Christ life" (which I think is synonymous with the
is one many believers do not seem to grasp and so they live a bit like
spiritual "yo-yo's", attempting to live the supernatural
Christian life in their own natural strength
instead of in
boundless supply of grace (cp Jn 1:14, 16, 17, 2Cor 8:9).
Christian - take "a" and place it at the beginning of the
word = "A Christ in"!
Does you life reflect this truth, beloved?
May the Lord grant us this most precious grace and may we be every one
of us led of the Spirit of God to seek Him Who alone can open "the
well-stored granaries of grace" [CHS].
writing to young Timothy exhorted him in view of the challenges that lay
You therefore, my son,
= action exerted from outside source = In short, this is a command
calling for believers to continually make ourselves "ready
receptacles" for the outpouring of God's grace) in the grace that
is in Christ Jesus. (2Ti 2:1-note)
Understanding what grace means
requires our going back to an old Hebrew term that meant “to bend, to
stoop.” By and by, it came to include the idea of “condescending favor.”
If you have traveled to London, you have perhaps seen royalty. If so,
you may have noticed sophistication, aloofness, distance. On occasion,
royalty in England will make the news because someone in the ranks of
nobility will stop, kneel down, and touch or bless a commoner. That is
grace. There is nothing in the commoner that deserves being noticed or
touched or blessed by the royal family. But because of grace in the
heart of the royal person, there is the desire at that moment to pause,
to stoop, to touch, even to bless.....To show grace is to extend favor
or kindness to one who doesn’t deserve it and can never earn it.
Receiving God’s acceptance by grace always stands in sharp contrast to
earning it on the basis of works. Every time the thought of grace
appears, there is the idea of its being undeserved. In no way is the
recipient getting what he or she deserves. Favor is being extended
simply out of the goodness of the heart of the giver....One more thing
should be emphasized about grace: It is absolutely and totally free (Ed:
But not cheap!). You will never be asked to pay it back. You couldn’t
even if you tried. Most of us have trouble with that thought, because we
work for everything we get. As the old saying goes, “There ain’t no free
lunch.” But in this case, grace comes to us free and clear, no strings
attached. We should not even try to repay it; to do so is insulting.
(The Grace Awakening: Believing in Grace is One Thing. Living it is
Where then do we find the source of
Answer: In 2Ti 2:1 Paul
clearly states that grace that is able to continually make us strong to
fight this good fight of faith (1Ti 6:12, 1:18, 2Ti 4:7-note)
is found in the Person of Christ Jesus, the very One Who is now "our life" (Col 3:4-note,
As discussed above, in Titus 2:11 Paul equates the "grace of God"
with Jesus Christ (cp Jn 1:14, 16, 17). So He and He alone is the Source
of all "grace upon grace". As mentioned earlier, Chuck Swindoll
wrote that "Grace is
summed up in the Name, Person, and work of the Lord Jesus Christ."
How do we appropriate God's
amazing grace in and through Christ?
Answer: Of course the seminal
answer is God's unmerited favor is not earned or deserved but is
appropriated by faith in Christ. Paul writing about Abraham's
appropriation of God's promise states that "is by faith, that
it might be in accordance with grace" (Ro 4:16-note)
Paul amplifies this truth in Ephesians explaining...
For by grace you have
been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the
gift of God; not as a result of works, that no one should boast.
(Eph 2:8, 9-note,
cp Acts 26:18b)
Grace first inscribed my name
In God's eternal book:
'Twas grace that gave me to the Lamb,
Who all my sorrows took.
And so we see
that we begin this race of salvation by grace through
(Eph 2:8, 9-note),
we run daily by grace through faith (cp Col 2:6-note
with 2Co 5:7, Hab 2:4, Ro 1:17-note,
and finish by grace through faith (Rev 22:21-note).
is God’s generous favor to
both undeserving sinners and needy saints.
behooves every Christian runner to understand some of the practical
truths about how he or she is enabled to run with endurance the grace
race that is set before us (Heb 12:1-note).
One of the primary ways by which we are to run is by keeping our focus
on our Source of Grace, the One Who ran and "won" the race, Christ Jesus
saving grace is God's
provision for the believer's sinful past (see Eph 2:8, 9-note)
while enabling grace His
provision for day to day Christian living (See also the comments on
where the grace of God is depicted as our "instructor" for daily
living [= sanctification], cp Heb 13:9-note
where "strengthened by grace" is in the
= indicating that one function of grace is to continually increase our
inner strength and resolve to run the grace race with endurance).
Asking the question again -
How do we appropriate God's
amazing grace in and through Christ?
Answer: Weakness and Humility.
These truths are in taught in the following passages from James
from the apostle James...
But He gives a greater grace.
Therefore it says, "GOD IS OPPOSED TO THE PROUD, BUT GIVES GRACE TO THE
HUMBLE." (Jas 4:6- see
in depth note),
Peter experientially understood this truth (Compare Peter's affirmation
in his natural strength in Mt 26:33, 34, 35, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75
with the transforming power of God's grace in Peter's change in 1Pe 5:5-note,
Comment: Vincent says “pride
calls out God’s armies. No wonder, therefore, that it ‘goeth before
Story of the young Scottish minister who walked proudly into the pulpit
to preach his first sermon. He had a brilliant mind and a good education
and was confident of himself as he faced his first congregation. But the
longer he preached, the more conscious everyone was that “the Lord was
not in the wind.” He finished his message quickly and came down from the
pulpit with his head bowed, his pride now gone. Afterward, one of the
members said to him,
If you had gone into the pulpit the
way you came down,
you might have come down from the pulpit the way you
The humble man realizes that all that
he has comes from God and must be given back to God. But when we
think we're humble--we're not!
The “gravity of grace” works
like the earth’s water system, which always flows from the highest to
the lowest point. Just as the waters of Niagara roll over the fall and
plunge down to make a river below, and just as that river flows ever
downward to still more low-lying areas where it brings life and growth,
so too it is with God’s river of grace (cp Jn 7:38, 39). Grace’s gravity
carries it to the lowly in heart, where it brings life and blessing.
Grace goes to the humble.
The gravity of grace will
always channel the rivers of divine favor to the lowly—to those (1) who
submit to God, (2) whose soul’s momentum is away from the Devil and
toward God, (3) who purify their inner and outer lives, (4) who mourn
over their sins, and (5) who obey the final summary command, “Humble
yourselves before the Lord, and he will lift you up” (Jas 4:10). Notice
that all five of these aspects of a lowly heart are themselves dependent
on bestowal of God's grace. What a mystery is His grace!
The unbowed soul standing proudly
before God receives no benefit from God’s falling grace. It may descend
upon him, but it does not penetrate, and drips away like rain from a
statue. But the soul lying humbly before God is immersed—and even
swims—in a sea of grace. So while there is always “greater grace,” it is
reserved for the lowly—the humble in heart.
Andrew Murray, adds that
Humility is the only soil in
which the graces root. The lack of humility is the sufficient
defect and failure.
MacDonald commenting on James 4:6 writes...
opposed to our pride and determined to break it, contrasted with the
mighty God powerless to resist a broken and contrite heart!
Paul's answer is related to James' call for grace partakers to practice
And He (Christ) has said to me (This
is Christ's answer to Paul's prayer, 2Co 12:7, 8 to remove the "thorn"),
"My grace is sufficient for you,
for power is perfected in weakness."
Most gladly, therefore, I will rather
boast about my weaknesses, that the power of Christ may dwell in me.
Therefore I am well content with weaknesses, with insults, with
distresses, with persecutions, with difficulties, for Christ's sake; for
when I am weak, then I am strong.
in depth note, 2Cor 12:10-see
Comment: Our weakness is the
fertile soil for God's grace to grow richly, beloved! Note that grace
is not some abstract concept to be learned but is power (dunamis
[word study]) for supernatural living! What keeps us from
admitting our weakness (e.g., our inability as husbands to love our
wives like Christ loved the church, our inability to love others
as we love ourselves, etc)? Is it not our pride, our fallen flesh, which
says "I" can do this in my own strength? And so we see James' call to
humility is related to Paul's confession of weakness, and that this
combination is a powerful catalyst for the pouring out of grace upon
grace! In a word God's grace can transform trial into triumph and sorrow
Man's extremity is God's
Man's security is Satan's opportunity.
HE GIVETH MORE GRACE
He giveth more grace when the burdens grow greater;
He sendeth more grace when the labours increase;
To added afflictions He addeth His mercy,
To multiplied trials His multiplied peace.
When we have exhausted our store of endurance,
When our strength has failed ere the day is half done:
When we reach the end of our hoarded resources,
Our Father’s full giving is only begun.
His love has no limits, His grace has no measure,
His power has no boundary known unto men;
For out of His infinite riches in Jesus,
He giveth, and giveth, and giveth again.
Dearly beloved, this great promise is one every believer can claim.
If the grace of God is
sufficient to save us (and it is), surely it is sufficient to keep us and strengthen
us in our times of suffering and weakness. God permits us to become weak so that we
might receive His strength. Grace is the active working of God to
reach us at our point of need and supply what we cannot obtain for
ourselves and becomes most evident in our lives when we are humble,
helpless and things look hopeless.
Man's extremity is God's
"opportunity" to demonstrate His amazing grace in our lives
Commenting on 2Corinthians 12 Warren Wiersbe adds that
In the Christian life, we get many of
our blessings through transformation, not substitution. When Paul prayed
three times for the removal of his pain, he was asking God for a
substitution: “Give me health instead of sickness, deliverance instead
of pain and weakness.” Sometimes God does meet the need by substitution;
but other times He meets the need by transformation. He does not remove
the affliction, but He gives us His grace so that the affliction works
for us and not against us...When Paul accepted his affliction as the
gift of God, this made it
God’s grace to go to work in his life. It was then that God spoke to
Paul and gave him the assurance of His grace. Whenever you are
going through suffering, spend extra time in the Word of God; and you
can be sure God will speak to you. He always has a special message for
His children when they are afflicted. God did not give Paul any
explanations; instead, He gave him a promise: “My grace is sufficient
for thee.” We do not live on explanations; we live on promises. Our
feelings change, but God’s promises never change. Promises generate
faith, and faith strengthens hope." (Wiersbe,
W: Bible Exposition Commentary. 1989. Victor)
SOME OTHER AMAZING
ASPECTS OF GOD'S GRACE
Grace and works don't work!
They are diametrically opposed (cp Ro 4:4-note
where "favor" = charis, Ro 9:30, 31, 32-note),
for works give "glory" to man not God.
begins with God’s grace
will always lead to God's glory (Ps 84:11 [Spurgeon's
because we can take no credit for the effects or results.
insures that those who have been truly regenerated will in fact
persevere until the end of life.
This entire work is called
sanctification, a work of God “whereby we are renewed in the
whole man and are enabled more and more to die daily unto sin and to
live unto righteousness” as stated by the Westminster Shorter
Catechism (see notes
Grace can be seen!
Acts 11:23 Then when he
arrived and witnessed the grace of God, he rejoiced and began to
encourage them all with resolute heart to remain true to the Lord
is that in which believers now and forever "stand".
Believers now live in freedom of the
"land of grace" not in the fetters of the law, not in our "meritorious"
works (an oxymoron). We now live in God's grace in Christ Who is in us
Therefore having been justified by
faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through
Whom also we have obtained our introduction by faith into this grace
in which we stand (perfect
tense = past
completed action with a present and continuing result. Now in Christ we
are forever in grace, the permanent, secure position every believer
enjoys whether he understands that truth or not! Beloved, let us grow in
our understanding, that we might live in the light and power of this
grand truth - cp Peter's command in 2Pe 3:18-see
note); and we exult in
hope of the glory of God. (Ro 5:1, 2-note)
Peter draws his first epistle
to a close with a cry like a commanding general to his troops engaged in
a life or death struggle against seemingly overwhelming odds (cp Ep
Through Silvanus, our faithful
brother (for so I regard him), I have written to you briefly, exhorting
and testifying that this is the true grace of God.
Do this now! Don't delay! It is urgent!) in it! (1Peter 5:12-note)
Scripture is permeated from beginning to end
"popular opinion" the Old Testament is not all law and the New Testament
all grace, but both are filled with God's grace. Grace has always
been the provision of our holy, loving God for sinful men who do not
deserve to be shown such favor and could never earn it.
Genesis 6:8 But Noah
found favor (Hebrew =
Septuagint - LXX
= charis) in the eyes of the LORD.
Exodus 3:21 "I will grant
this people favor (Septuagint
= charis) in the sight of the Egyptians; and it shall be that
when you go, you will not go empty-handed. (cp Ex 11:3, 12:36)
Exodus 33:13 "Now
therefore, I pray You, if I have found favor (Septuagint
= charis) in Your sight, let me know Your ways that I may know
You, so that I may find favor (Septuagint
= charis) in Your sight. Consider too, that this nation is Your
people." (Notice on the basis of God's grace, Moses in essence asks for
more of His grace. And notice it wasn't self serving but for God's
glory, Ex 33:16, cp Ps 115:1-note)
Psalm 84:11 For the LORD God is a sun and shield. The LORD
gives grace and glory. No good thing does He
withhold from those who
The Lord will give grace and glory. Both in due time, both as needed,
both to the full, both with absolute certainty. The Lord has both grace
and glory in infinite abundance; Jesus is the fulness of both, and, as
his chosen people, we shall receive both as a free gift from the God of
our salvation. What more can the Lord give, or we receive, or desire.
The grace (charis) of the Lord Jesus be with all. Amen. (Note
that again our Lord is the wellspring of God's grace!)
No grace, no peace. Know grace, know
Grace and peace
are found in the greeting of all of Paul's epistles (Ro 1:7-note,
1Co 1:3, 2Co 1:2, Gal 1:3, Eph 1:2-note,
1Ti 1:2, 2Ti 1:2-note,
Philemon 1:3). It is no accident that grace always precedes
for grace is the fountain of which peace is the stream.
When we know the grace of God, we have peace
God (Ro 5:1-note)
and then can daily experience the peace
God which surpasses all comprehension (Php 4:7-note)
Grace is the foundation and peace is
Grace is God’s free unmerited
favor toward man. Peace is the result to those who respond to His
grace. Our hearts are kept in peace as we realize that the favor
(grace) of God is upon us.
William MacDonald has said that the
combination of grace and peace is in one sense "in miniature, the
gospel for the whole world" for the essence of the gospel is grace,
therefore peace. Through the gospel we are all brought
under His grace and therefore have peace
Him and peace
The gospel is not so much about “not fighting” but about wholeness of
life (shalom) as God intended it. The peace flows out of the grace, and
both together flow from God our Father and were made effective in human
history through the Lord Jesus Christ.
The greeting of grace and
peace bears the poetry of redemption, for the regular Greek greeting
was Rejoice! (chaire), and the regular Jewish greeting was
Peace (Shalom). Paul combines the two and then replaces rejoice
with the similar sounding but far richer charis—“grace.”
He in effect combines the greetings of the Eastern and Western worlds,
then modifies the Western and gives the whole world the sublime
Christian greeting, “Grace and peace.” The two combine naturally
and beautifully in cause and effect, because when God’s grace comes upon
us, taking away our sins and making us objects of his favor, His peace
floods our being.
Hiebert explains that the grace of God is...
the divine love manifesting itself
towards guilty sinners in free forgiveness and unmerited blessing. It
speaks of our own unworthiness and the spontaneous redeeming act of God
in Christ when there was nothing in us to merit it. Peace is the
resultant reconciliation (Ed: peace
God) experienced by those who respond to the grace of God. It is the
outcome of the restoration of harmony between our soul and God on the
basis of the atonement. Our hearts are kept in peace (Ed: peace
God) as we realize that the unmerited favor of God has been
bestowed upon us in Christ.
(D. Edmond Hiebert: "Titus and Philemon", page 56, Moody Press, 1957).
Dr. Donald Hubbard nicely
sums up grace, mercy and peace writing that
Grace is for the worthless. It
is God giving me what I don’t deserve.
Mercy is for the helpless. God withholding from me what I do
Peace is for the restless.
The assurance that whatever happens to me will work out for God’s glory
(cp Ps 84:11)
Stedman writes that...
The two great heritages of the
Christian are grace and peace. These are two things you
can always have, no matter what your circumstances. Grace is all
God's power, all his love, all his beauty available to you. It is a
marvelous term which wraps up all that God is and offers to us. It comes
from the same Greek word from which we get our English word charm.
Grace is charming, lovely, pleasant. It is something which pleases,
which imparts charm and loveliness to a life. Peace is freedom
from anxiety, fear, and worry. These are the two characteristics which
ought to mark Christians all the time: Grace -- God at work in
their life; and peace -- a sense of security, of trust.
(Read the entire sermon
Ephesians 1:1-14: God At Work)
commenting on grace and peace writes...
Grace - a quality which
is, at once...
(i) an Attitude, which He
adopts towards us, as in Eph 2:8 (note);
(ii) an Activity, which
He exerts for our help, as in 1Cor 15:10; and
(iii) an Accomplishment,
which He works in, and out from, us, as in Acts 4:33.
Paul ardently, and prayerfully,
desires for his converts everywhere - for he uses the words in all his
church letters - that they may experience to the full this "grace"....Grace
is needed for every service,
for every failure, and
peace for every
Guy, Joy Way,1952 - online)
in the New Testament
(1) Of a favor, good
will, lovingkindness, especially from God the Father and God the Son.
A blessing (or prayer) for grace (and peace, and sometimes mercy)
was part of the introduction of most of Paul's epistles. (See
Grace is a beneficent disposition toward another person and in
the NT describes God's attitude toward human beings and so speaks of
God's kindness, grace,
favor, helpfulness, gracious care/help, goodwill (Jn 1:16, 17, Ep 2:8-note)
The gospel is a
specific manifestation of divine favor for it is
"the gospel of the grace of God." (Acts 20:24)
In the majority of the NT passages, grace is used with this meaning and
the merciful kindness by which God exerting His holy influence upon
souls, turning them from self to the Savior and providing them the power that
strengthens and grows them in the faith and kindles in them the
desire (and power) to manifest Christ-like conduct. Note that there is
obviously some overlap with this aspect of grace (#1) with that
described below (#5).
This aspect of grace
signifies the unmerited operation of God in the heart of man, effected
through the agency of the Holy Spirit.
Grace is a free expression of
God's love and represents an act of God done in or for man
without any expectation of a return from men on whom it is exerts its
Aristotle, defining charis, lays the whole stress on the point that it is
conferred freely, with no expectation of return or payment, and finding its only
motive in the bounty and free-heartedness of the giver. Aristotle's
definition sounds quite Biblical, but there is "catch"...in the pagan
Greek culture, this favor was only conferred upon a friend, not upon an
enemy. When charis is taken over into the terminology of the NT, it
takes an infinite leap forward, and acquires an added meaning which it
never had in pagan Greece, for the favor God did at Calvary’s Cross, He
did, not for a race that loved Him but which hated Him (Ro 5:10
note, James 4:4).
In its use among the pagan Greeks it
referred to a favor done by one Greek to another out of the pure
generosity of his heart, and with no hope of reward. When it is used in
the New Testament, it refers to that favor which God did at
Calvary when He stepped down from His judgment throne to take upon
Himself the guilt and penalty of human sin. In the case of the Greek,
the favor was done to a friend, never an enemy. In the case of God it
was an enemy, the sinner, bitter in his hatred of God, for whom the
favor was done. God has no strings tied to the salvation He procured
for man at the Cross. Salvation is given the believing sinner out of the
pure generosity of God’s heart. The Greek word (charis) referred to an
action that was beyond the ordinary course of what might be expected,
and was therefore commendable. What a description of that which took
place at the Cross! [Ed note: Grace is the Spirit of Christ
indwelling me and enabling me to overcome sin. I cannot overcome it...it
will overcome me if I try. All attempts to defeat the flesh in my own
power will fail ] (Wuest,
K. S. Wuest's Word Studies from the Greek New Testament: Eerdmans)
Grace is used of that
which causes attractiveness, joy, pleasure, delight, especially
referring to the "grace" of one's speech (remembering that
speech most accurately expresses what is on the inside a believer).
Grace is a quality that adds delight or pleasure or a winning quality or
attractiveness that invites a favorable reaction = graciousness,
attractiveness, charm, winsomeness.
speaking of Jesus writes that...
all were speaking well of (Jesus),
and wondering at the gracious (charis) words which
were falling from His lips; and they were saying, “Is this not Joseph’s
son? (Lk 4:22)
psalmist speaking of the coming Messiah wrote that
Thou art fairer than the sons of men. Grace (charis) is poured upon Thy lips, therefore God has blessed Thee forever.
"Whoever in personal communion with the Well-beloved has listened to his
voice will feel that “never man spake like this man.” Often a
sentence from his lips has turned our own midnight into morning, our
winter into spring." (Praise
the Lord for His so often speaking such gracious words to our soul!)
we see that our Lord sets the
standard for all believers who are now called to live and speak with
Let no unwholesome (sapros
= rotten, defiling, foul like spoiled
fruit) word proceed
negative = command to stop letting this happen!
How is it possible for use to be
"saved" from so frequently responding with unwholesome words? Answer?
The same grace that saved us, daily transforms us and enables us to
fulfill God's commands!) from your mouth, but only such a word as is good
(suitable, beneficial) for edification (oikodome
= building up) according
to the need (chreia) of the moment, that it may give grace to those who hear.
(Beloved, does your speech
tear down or build up your spouse, your children, your fellow believers,
to the believers at Colossae, Paul exhorted them to
command to make this your habitual practice. How possible? Only by His
provision of enabling grace!) yourselves with wisdom toward outsiders,
making the most of (exagorazo
= redeeming, "buying up" every) the opportunity (kairos
= Once it has passed, that specific opportunity at that moment is
forever gone. He may of course give other
(What does "wise conduct"
before unbelievers look like?
Paul says our speech is a vital component to our witness!) Let your speech always be with grace (in
this context = pleasant, winsome,
courteous, wholesome, sensitive, kind, fitting, gentle, loving,
thoughtful), seasoned, as it were, with salt (flavors and makes
appealing, preserves from corruption - cp Mt 5:13-note), so that you may know how you
should respond to each person. (Col 4:5, 6-note).
(See Ec 10:12 where Hebrew word chen = "gracious" is translated
gracious words (such words even being made possible by His grace)
reflect the grace of Christ, Who uses our graciousness to draw others to
His saving grace! Truly what goes around, comes around!
(3) Of a favorable
regard or attitude felt toward someone or something.
Luke uses charis with this meaning in his description of the
newly formed church in Jerusalem:
And day by day continuing with one
mind in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, they were
taking their meals together with gladness and sincerity of heart,
praising God, and having favor (charis) with all
the people..." (Acts 2:46, 47)
Another example by Luke is the angel's comforting words to Mary
And the angel said to her, "Do not be
afraid, Mary; for you have found favor with God. (Lk 1:30)
gratitude or thanks.
Paul uses charis meaning of "thankfulness"
writing to the Roman saints
But thanks (charis)
be to God that though you were slaves of sin, you became obedient from
the heart to that form of teaching to which you were committed
Gratitude is appropriate as a response to the graciousness of God, but
never repays it.
Grace is being given
Not what we deserve
But what we need
is an illustration of that principle - The two renowned preachers,
Charles Spurgeon and Joseph Parker, both occupied pulpits in London
during the 19th century. On one occasion, Parker commented about the
poor condition of children admitted to Spurgeon’s orphanage. It was
reported to Spurgeon, however, that Parker had criticized the orphanage
itself. Being a man of fiery temperament, Spurgeon blasted Parker from
his pulpit. That attack, printed in the newspaper, became the talk of
the town. Londoners flocked to Parker’s church the next Sunday to hear
“I understand Dr. Spurgeon is not in his pulpit today, and this is the
Sunday they use to take an offering for the orphanage,” Parker said.
“I suggest we take a love offering here for the orphanage.”
crowd was delighted; ushers had to empty the collection plates three
times. Later that week, there was a knock at Parker’s study. It was
“You know, Parker, you have practiced grace on me,” he said.
“You have given me not what I deserved; you have given me what I
Grace represents the exceptional (supernatural) effects produced by
God's favor = ability, power to transform, enabling power (Ro 12:6,
Paul knew that through the
charis of God he has been called to be an apostle, and that he has been
fitted with the power and capabilities this office required (Ro 1:5;
Ro 12:3; Ro 15:15; 1Cor 3:10; Ro 15:10a, 2Co
12:9; Gal 2:9; Eph 3:2, 7, 8) Notice that in most of the following
examples grace is pictured as either that which God gives or
which Paul receives, the same
pattern by which every believer
experiences the amazing grace of God = He gives, we receive.
As prideful humans, we often
find it difficult to receive gifts from others, especially when we sense
they perceive we are destitute or in a "beggarly" position. Sometimes we
feel "embarrassed". But ultimately it is our pride saying "I don't need
a handout!". Grace is similar. We are spiritual paupers and in great
need of God's grace that we might live a supernatural life (first
needing God's grace for initial salvation and then continuing to need
His grace for daily salvation from our intractable enemies,
Paul understood the vital importance of continually maintaining an
attitude of "beggar-like" dependence on Christ for His provision of
grace (and power), and so too much we if we are to experience the daily
provision of God's amazing, transforming, empowering grace and the
result, supernatural life, a Christ-like life. There is no other way to
be happy in Jesus but to "trust and obey" and live as a "grace beggar"!
= through whom we have received grace and apostleship (Notice that the
Grace is from God through His Son Christ) (Grace
= "grace given to me" (God's gift of grace to make Paul an apostle,
now enables him to speak to the saints about their "grace gifts"
[charisma - Ro 12:6]!") (Grace
1Cor 3:10 = "grace of God" (Grace
= "because of the grace that was given me from God" (Grace
1Co 15:15 = "by the the grace
of God I am what I am (an apostle)"
= "My grace is sufficient for you"
Gal 2:9 = "recognizing the
grace that had been given to me" (Grace
was given) (Notice that
grace in/on/through a person can be seen by others! James and Cephas
[Peter] and John recognized God's grace in Paul and specifically that
Paul had been given apostleship by God [see Gal 2:8].
Beloved, do others recognize the
grace of God in you, through your words, actions and deeds?)
F B Meyer: Hudson Taylor told
me that on the threshold of his great life work God came to him and
said: "My child, I am going to evangelize inland China, and if you like
to walk with Me I will do it through you." (The power provided by
God's grace is) "Mighty in me." I cannot take that Bible class,
but Christ is in me, and HE can. I cannot conduct that mission,
but Christ is in me, and HE can. I cannot assume these
responsibilities, but hallelujah (HE can)! it does not matter. A
copper wire has only to convey the message, it is for the battery to
send it; and you may be forever more like the wire which connects you
with cities far down its course, the wire along which the fair...passes
without fret, without anxiety, without care, a mighty, mighty force (the
power of God's grace) meeting in the wire. When it is not self
but Christ, it is Christ (the power provided by His grace which
is) "mighty in me."
"the stewardship of God's grace (to be an apostle) which was given to
me" (Grace was given)
= "made a minister, according to the gift of God's grace" (Grace
= "this grace was given" (Grace
Note the relation of God's provision of
power (dunamis) with
His amazing grace (charis)
And Stephen, full of grace
was performing great wonders and signs among the people. (Acts 6:8)
Comment: Note what the
power enabled him to accomplish (great wonders and signs). While grace
filled believers today may not perform "great wonders and signs" in the
same way as Stephen, nevertheless they too are empowered to carry out
"miraculous" acts - e.g., still able to love someone who is not acting
very loving toward you, able not retaliate when offended, able to hold
our tongue when we would in our natural state rather "give them a piece
of our mind", etc. Are not all of these attitudes and actions not "great
signs and wonders" giving testimony to the power of grace in the
believer's life? I think they are! And not only did grace manifest itself with in a divine glow
in and on Stephen
but a divine boldness to witness (Acts 7:1, 3-50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55,
56, 5758 59) and a divine power to die fearlessly and "forgivingly"
(Acts 7:60) - Beloved, we too can be assured that God still gives
"living grace" and "dying grace" to His children!
And He has said to me, "My
grace is sufficient for you, for power
is perfected in weakness." Most gladly, therefore, I will rather boast
about my weaknesses, that the power
of Christ may dwell in me. (2Co 12:9-note)
(The promise in Christ Jesus
through the gospel) of which I was made a minister, according to the
gift of God's grace which was given to me according to the
working of His power
Comment: Paul was able to
serve because he had been given a gift (which he willingly received).
Furthermore, God's grace in Paul was was not a "static concept" but an
effective, working power., "dynamic" ("dynamite") power,
resurrection power of Christ by which (and ONLY by which) he could
accomplish God's work. Beloved that same grace is available to us today
that we might have supernatural power to live the Christ life and serve
in His strength, not our own. While this spiritual aspect of grace as a
dynamic force in my life continues to be somewhat a mystery to me, I am
firmly convinced it is an absolute necessity and that it is God's desire
for it to be a living reality in all of His children.
devised the following acronym which is not a bad "definition" of grace...
R (Riches) A (At) C (Christ's) E (Expense)
once said that someone spelled out "grace" as...
G stands for Gift, the
principle of grace.
R [stands] for Redemption, the purpose of grace.
A [stands] for Access, the privilege of grace.
C [stands] for Character, the product of grace.
E [stands] for Eternal Life, the prospect of grace.
As Hampton Keathley says
since grace is at the
heart, indeed, it is the very foundation and fountain of true
Christianity, we should have a better grasp of this important word and
Furthermore, the doctrine of God’s Grace in Christ is multi-sided. As a
doctrine of the Word it touches every area of truth or doctrine in one
way or another. Every aspect of doctrine
is related to grace. It is no wonder
grace is an important word and one that Paul desires to be experienced
by all. It is a fountain from which we must all drink deeply, but it is
one that runs counter to our own natural tendencies. Rather than drink
from God’s fountain, we tend to build our own broken cisterns.
Definition—lexical: The Greek word for grace is charis. Its basic
idea is simply “non-meritorious or unearned favor, an unearned gift, a
favor or blessings bestowed as a gift, freely and never as merit for
Expanded Definition—theological: Grace is “that which God does
for mankind through His Son, which mankind cannot earn, does not
deserve, and will never merit”
Grace is all that God freely and non-meritoriously does for man and is
free to do for man on the basis of Christ’s person and work on the
cross. Grace, one might say, is the work of God for man and encompasses
everything we receive from God. (From
Grace and Peace)
Hendriksen writes that...
God’s grace is his active favor
bestowing the greatest gift upon those who have deserved the greatest
Hiebert explains that the grace of God...
is His unmerited favor towards men, expressing itself in active love in
procuring our redemption in Christ Jesus
(D. Edmond Hiebert: "Titus and Philemon", page 56, Moody Press, 1957).
Olford writes that...
Grace is God’s goodness and
severity converging. Grace is God’s mercy and justice uniting. Grace is
God’s love and power redeeming.
grace there is no pardon for the past, no power for the present, and no
prospect for the future.
It is the grace of God that
chose Mary to be the instrument of bringing Christ into a sin-stricken
world. It is likewise the grace of God that makes you and me the
channels through whom Christ can live, flow and bless others.
shall we best proclaim abroad
The honours of our Saviour God,
When his salvation reigns within,
And grace subdues the power of sin.
Grace is central in salvation (justification - declaration of righteousness,
past tense salvation) as
Paul explains to the saints at Ephesians writing that...
By grace we have been saved
through faith (Ep 2:8-note)
however is not only God's provision for our new birth (past tense
Three Tenses of Salvation]) but is His present provision for our
daily salvation (present tense salvation = progressive sanctification) in which God's Spirit progressively sets believers apart
and unto God. In other words if one defines grace by its salvation
(soteriological) functions, grace is initially saving grace
for a sinner and subsequently is sanctifying
grace for a saint. Sanctifying grace provides the power for
believers to "walk in a manner worthy of the Lord, to please Him in all
respects, bearing fruit in every good work and increasing in the
knowledge of God" (Col 1:10)
affirms the multi-faceted effect of charis in all aspects of
salvation writing that...
(Charis) is a dynamic force, totally
transforming believers’ lives, beginning at salvation (Acts 15:11;
18:27; Ro 3:24-note; Ep. 1:7; 2:5, 8; 2Ti 1:9-note; Titus 2:11;
Titus 3:7-note) and
continuing through sanctification (2Pe 3:18-note) to
2:7-note). Grace sets the Christian faith apart from all other religions. God
is gracious, benevolent, and kind, in contrast to the gods of false
religions, who are at best indifferent and need constantly to be cajoled
and appeased. (2Corinthians. Page 402. Chicago: Moody Publishers)
alludes to the sanctifying aspect of grace in his reminder that...
Grace is to corruption
as water is to fire.
Spurgeon alluded to the power of sanctifying grace writing that...
The sovereign grace of God creates
grave distinctions when it begins to operate, and every
year makes the
differences more apparent.
In Paul's testimony in 1Corinthians 15, we see an illustration of
sanctifying grace practical as he explains...
by the grace of God I
what I am, and His grace toward me did not prove vain; but I
= to the point of exhaustion, toiling intensely even unto utter
weariness) even more than all of them, yet not I, but the grace
of God with me. (1Cor 15:10)
Comment: And so we see the
juxtaposition of man's
responsibility (Paul labored) and God's sovereignty, (God
provided the grace to labor).
David Guzik commenting on Paul's testimony in 1Corinthians 15 has
a helpful note (including quotes from C H Spurgeon) writing that...
of God all the credit for the change in His
life. He was a changed man, forgiven, cleansed, full of love when once
he was full of hate. He knew this was not his own accomplishment, but it
was the work of the grace of God in him. (Ed: Referring to
past tense salvation - "saving" grace)
The grace that saves us also changes us. Grace changed
Paul. You can’t receive the grace of God without being changed by
it. The changes don’t come all at once, and the changes are not complete
until we pass to the next life, but we are indeed changed. (Ed:
Referring to present tense salvation - "sanctifying" grace which gives
us the power to change!)
You see that the mark of a child of God is that by
the grace of God he is what he is; what do you know about the
grace of God? ‘Well, I attend a place of worship regularly.’
But what do you know about the grace of God? ‘I have always been an
upright, honest, truthful, respectable man.’ I am glad to hear it;
but what do you know about the grace of God? (Spurgeon)
By the grace of God we not only
are what we are, but we also remain what we are (Ed: This speaks
of the keeping, sanctifying power of grace). We should long ago have
ruined ourselves, and damned ourselves, if Christ had not kept us by His
almighty grace. (Spurgeon)
Here in Titus 2 Paul presents two aspects of
salvation (justification and sanctification) and alludes to the third
aspect (glorification) in the same context ...
For the grace of God has
appeared, bringing salvation (speaks of past tense salvation =
justification) to all men, instructing (paideuo
= teaching, disciplining in the
= continual effect throughout
our earthly lives - But what is the subject of "instructing"? In context
= "grace of God") us to deny (arneomai)
and worldly (kosmikos)
and to live sensibly (sophronos),
and godly (eusebos)
in the present age,13 looking (prosdechomai
continually, eagerly) for the blessed hope and the appearing of the
glory of our great God and Savior, Christ Jesus (When our "blessed hope"
appears, at that moment we shall attain to the consummation of our
salvation = glorification). (Titus 2:11-note,
echoes Paul's words regarding the instructing power of Grace...
Saving grace makes a man as willing
to leave his lusts as a slave is willing to leave his galley, or a
prisoner his dungeon, or a thief his bolts, or a beggar his rags.
To summarize this great passage, we see that in
grace saves us, then in Titus 2:12 grace saves us daily (sanctifies us)
and leads to our future salvation (glorification) in Titus 2:13. In
context, God's sanctifying grace continually provides the power to say "no" (to
ungodliness and worldly desires) and "yes" to life (life abundant
- sober, righteous, godly). Furthermore, it follows that if grace
provides the power to say "no" to evil, it can hardly be fair to accuse
those who espouse the teaching of grace as promoting a license to sin. To the contrary,
a proper understanding of the grace of God is that it teaches and enables saints to say "no"
to evil (world,
devil) and "yes" to good
(Jesus)! In other words, grace does
not provide the license to
do as we please, but the power to do as we ought!
While sin is an occasion for grace,
grace is never to be an occasion for sin.
preachers and teachers have crept
into the modern church bringing the distorted (unsound, unhealthy)
doctrine that grace gives believers a license to continually live in sin, but clearly Paul is teaching that genuine Biblical
gives us the power not to continually sin! Things have not changed since the first
century for Jude warned that...
certain persons have crept in
unnoticed (pareisduno from pará = unto or at the side
of + eisdúo = enter in from eis = into + dúo = go
down, sink - secretly slinking/slipping in by a side door!), those who
were long beforehand marked out for this condemnation (divine judgment),
- belief devoid of fear and reverence for God leading to similar
behavior) that persons who turn the grace of our God
into licentiousness (aselgeia
- any excess or lack of
restraint and then came to be associated primarily with sexual excess)
and deny ("say no to") our only Master and Lord, Jesus
Christ. (Jude 1:4)
also emphasizes that although grace is free, grace is not license to do as
we please for
grace in the form of salvation is so adjusted that the one who receives
it, turns from sin to serve the living God (cp 1Th 1:9-note,
1Th 1:10-note) and live a holy life
1Pe 1:15, 16-note,
1Pe 1:17-note), for
grace includes not only the bestowal of a righteousness (Ro 3:24-note)
[Ed: Justification = Past Tense Salvation]), but the inward
transformation consisting of the power of indwelling sin broken (Ro
6:11-note) and the
divine nature implanted (Col 1:27-note,
2Pe 1:4-note), which liberates the believer from the
compelling power of sin (Jn 8:36) and makes him hate sin, love holiness, and gives
him the power to obey the Word of God (Ed: Sanctification =
Present Tense Salvation. See related discussions -
Three Tenses of Salvation
Obedience of faith).
K. S. Wuest's Word Studies from the Greek New Testament: Eerdmans)
The fact that we are
saved by grace does not give us an excuse to sin but it does
give us a reason to obey. Sin (hamartia
[word study]) and Law go together.
The sting of
death is sin; and the strength of sin is the Law (1Co 15:56).
are no longer under the (the power and authority of) Law, but under (the
power of) grace (Ro 6:14-note,
cp Ro 7:6-note)
is robbed of its strength
and thus now we can obey. The Law says, “The man that does them [the
things written in the Law] shall live in them” (Gal 3:12). Grace
says “The work is done. Now we need to believe, to obey and to live!”
further discussion below on
Distortions of Grace
The gospel is aptly described by Paul as "the gospel of
grace" (Acts 20:24)
since salvation is solely by God's grace.
Writing to the Ephesian elders
and now I commend you to God and to the word of His
grace, which is able (has the power) to build you up (edify, promote
growth in Christ-likeness) and to give you the inheritance among all
those who are sanctified (set apart for God by His "gospel of grace").
Clearly the Word of God is our source of truth about grace. Note the
effects of the word of His grace - (1) Build up, edify (2) Enable
believers to inherit their inheritance. It is important to remember that
it is the word of His grace that performs the work of
His grace (Acts 14:26).
The word of His grace has inherent transforming power
(power to bring about present tense salvation or sanctification) and in
fact is the sole source of a believer's growth in grace, a growth which
is not optional but which is commanded by Peter...
= continual growth is commanded -
Believers never outgrow the desperate need for
God's behavior-changing, life transforming grace) in the grace and knowledge of our Lord Jesus
Christ (2Pe 3:18-note)
Noah Webster's 1828 dictionary is a veritable cornucopia of
definitions for grace...
1. Favor; good will; kindness;
disposition to oblige another; as a grant made as an act of grace.
Or each, or all, may win a lady’s grace. Dryden.
2. Appropriately, the free unmerited love and favor of God, the spring
and source of all the benefits men receive from him.
But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works, otherwise
grace is no longer grace. (Ro 11:6-note)
3. Favorable influence of God; divine influence or the influence of the
spirit, in renewing the heart and restraining from sin.
And He has said to me, "My grace is sufficient for you, for power is
perfected in weakness." Most gladly, therefore, I will rather boast
about my weaknesses, that the power of Christ may dwell in me. 2Cor.
4. The application of Christ’s
righteousness to the sinner.
And the Law came in that the transgression might increase; but where sin
increased, grace abounded all the more, that, as sin reigned in death,
even so grace might reign through righteousness to eternal life through
Jesus Christ our Lord. (Ro 5:20, 21-notes
5. A state of reconciliation to
through whom also we have obtained
our introduction by faith into this grace in which we stand; and we
exult in hope of the glory of God.
6. Virtuous or religious affection or disposition, as a liberal
disposition, faith, meekness, humility, patience, etc. proceeding from
7. Spiritual instruction, improvement and edification.
Let no unwholesome word proceed from
your mouth, but only such a word as is good for edification according to
the need of the moment, that it may give grace to those who hear.
8. Apostleship, or the qualifications of an apostle.
To me, the very least of all saints,
this grace was given, to preach to the Gentiles the unfathomable riches
of Christ, (see note
9. Eternal life; final salvation.
Therefore, gird your minds for
action, keep sober in spirit, fix your hope completely on the grace to
be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ. (see note
1 Peter 1:13)
10. Favor; mercy; pardon.
Bow and sue for grace
With suppliant knee. Milton.
11. Favor conferred.
I should therefore esteem it a great favor and grace. Prior.
To few great Jupiter imparts this grace. Dryden.
13. That in manner, deportment or language which renders it appropriate
and agreeable; suitableness; elegance with appropriate dignity. We say,
a speaker delivers his address with grace; a man performs his part with
Grace was in all her steps. Milton.
Her purple habit sits with such a grace
On her smooth shoulders. Dryden.
14. Natural or acquired excellence; any endowment that recommends the
possessor to others; as the graces of wit and learning. Hooker.
15. Beauty; embellishment; in general, whatever adorns and recommends to
favor; sometimes, a single beauty.
I pass their form and every charming grace. Dryden.
16. Beauty deified; among pagans, a goddess.
The graces were three in number,
Aglaia, Thalia, and Euphrosyne, the constant attendants of Venus.
The loves delighted, and the graces played. Prior.
17. Virtue physical; as the grace of plants. [Not used.] Shakespeare
18. The title of a duke or an archbishop, and formerly of the king of
England, meaning your goodness or clemency. His Grace the Duke of York.
Your Grace will please to accept
19. A short prayer before or after meat; a blessing asked, or thanks
The godly Puritan writer Thomas
Watson has the following explanation of grace...
This word "grace" has various
acceptable uses in Scripture:
Grace is taken in a genuine and proper sense, as in our text:
"May grace be multiplied to you." (2Pe 1:2-note)
It may admit this description:
grace is the infusion of a new and
holy principle into the heart, whereby it is changed from what it
was—and is made after God's own heart.
Grace does not make a moral
change only—but a sacred one
(cp 2Co 5:17-note);
it biases the soul
heavenward—and stamps upon it the image and superscription of God....
I shall show you twelve rare
excellencies in grace. I shall set this fair virgin of grace before you,
hoping that you will be enticed to fall in love with it. (Click the
following link to read these "twelve rare excellencies in grace -
The Beauty of Grace)
The following is a summary of the general meaning of charis as
used in the New Testament. You will undoubtedly encounter some overlap
from the preceding discussion. This summary of
grace (charis) will at best "only scratch the surface"
for as Paul informs us
in the ages to come (God will) show the surpassing riches of His grace in
kindness toward us in Christ Jesus (Eph 2:7-note)
short, through all eternity God will unveil the rich glory of His
infinite grace. Any understanding of grace, even as glorious as it is
today, will pale in comparison to God's revelation of grace throughout
MacDonald adds that the
miracle of transforming
will be the subject of eternal revelation. Throughout the endless ages
God will be unveiling to the heavenly throng what it cost Him to send
His Son to this jungle of sin, and what it cost the Lord Jesus to bear
our sins at the cross. (MacDonald,
W & Farstad, A. Believer's Bible Commentary: Thomas Nelson)
With that said let me encourage you to do your own study of grace. For example you could work through the
155 NT uses of charis below. Make a simple list of what the Spirit
teaches you and use it in a time of praise and thanksgiving.
You might even use this exercise
(exploring what Scripture teaches about grace) as your morning
devotional for a few weeks asking God to unveil some of the infinite
treasures of grace in His Word.
Write down what you learn (if you don't keep a journal of what God has
done and shown you in His word and through answered prayer, you are
missing out on a special blessing and you will forget what you have
observed and what He has done in your life!).
Let the Scripture speak for
itself. I can promise you that you will be "enriched by grace
Charis - 155x in 147v in the NT
Lk. 1:30; 2:40, 52; 4:22; 6:32, 33,
34; 17:9; Jn. 1:14, 16, 17; Acts 2:47; 4:33; 6:8; 7:10, 46; 11:23;
13:43; 14:3, 26; 15:11, 40; 18:27; 20:24, 32; 24:27; 25:3, 9; Ro 1:5-note,
Ro 11:5, 6-note;
1Co. 1:3, 4; 3:10; 10:30; 15:10, 57; 16:3, 23; 2Co 1:2, 12, 15; 2:14;
4:15; 6:1; 8:1, 4, 6, 7, 9, 16, 19; 9:8, 14, 15; 2Co12:9-note;
2Co13:13; Ga 1:3, 6, 15; 2:9, 21; 5:4; 6:18; Ep 1:2-note,
2Th 1:2, 12; 2:16; 3:18; 1Ti 1:2, 12, 14; 6:21; 2Ti 1:2-note,
Philemon 1:3, 25; He 2:9-note;
1Pe 2:19, 20-note;
2Jn 1:3; Jude 1:4; Re 1:4-note;
(Observe which books have most uses and most uses/number of chapters)
charis as - blessing(1), concession(1), credit(3), favor(11),
gift(1), grace(122), gracious(2), gracious work(3), gratitude(1),
thank(3), thankfulness(2), thanks(6).
Charis - 67x in the
times rendered in English by the word "favor" often the
Hebrew word chen/hen)
(Notice the last OT use!) - Ge 6:8; 18:3; 30:27; 32:5; 33:8, 10, 15;
34:11; 39:4, 21; 43:14; 47:25, 29; 50:4; Ex 3:21; 11:3; 12:36; 33:12,
13, 16, 17; 34:9; Num. 11:11; 32:5; Dt. 24:1; Ru 2:2, 10, 13; 1Sa 1:18;
16:22; 20:3, 29; 25:8; 27:5; 2Sa 14:22; 15:25; 16:4; 1 Ki. 11:19; Esther
2:9, 15, 17; 5:2, 8; 6:3; 7:3; 8:5; Ps 45:2; 84:11; Pr 1:9; 3:3, 22, 34;
4:9; 5:19; 7:5; 10:32; 11:27; 12:2; 13:15; 15:17; 17:8, 17; 18:22; 22:1;
25:10; 26:11; 28:23; 30:7; Eccl 9:11; 10:12; Ezek 12:24; Da 1:9; Zech
4:7; 6:14; 12:10
Another useful resource is Torrey's topic on grace (Click
here for the Scriptures on Grace), one of many topics this
godly writer compiled in the early 1900's. Take time to read the
Scriptural link before you note what Torrey gleaned from the passage.
which is derived from chairo which means to rejoice or to be
glad. This is exactly what will begin to happen in our heart, when we begin to
truly understand the meaning of God's "grace" -- There
is a rejoicing in our heart! And thus as you will see in the many uses
of charis in Scripture, to an extent grace can be defined by what it causes,
including joy, pleasure, delight,
gratification, favor and acceptance -- Amazingly variegated effects of
J Vernon McGee explains this promise of grace this way
I have said
this again and again: God is overloaded with grace. You and I just don’t
know how gracious He is. He has an abundance of grace. Grace has been
defined as unmerited favor, but I call it love in action. God didn’t
save us by love. He gave His Son, and it is by His grace that we are
saved. He has so much of it. You may say, “Oh, I am so wrong on the
inside, so sinful.” Go to Him and tell Him you are wrong on the inside,
and ask Him for grace to overcome it. He will give you grace. He is the
living Christ, interceding at God’s right hand for you. Now some may
doubt the surplus of His grace. May I say to you, all the medicine in
the world cannot cure the sick; the remedy must be taken. Likewise, God
has the grace, my friend; lay hold of it! It is
for a man to
die of thirst with a pure spring of water right before him. He has to
drink of it; he has to appropriate it before it can save his life. You
don’t blame soap and water for the fact that there are dirty people in
the world, do you? There is plenty of soap and water to clean you up, my
friend. “God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace unto the humble.”
This is the kind of container that the grace of God must be carried in;
it must be carried in an humble individual."
J V: Thru the Bible Commentary: Thomas Nelson)
(Or listen to his Mp3 -
the ultimate ground of salvation, Paul recording that God
and called us with a holy calling, not according to our works, but
according to His own purpose (God's plan) and grace (The means by
which God will bring about the fulfillment of His Plan in each of our
lives) which was granted us in
Christ Jesus from all eternity (2Ti 1:9-note)
Here we see a clear
distinction between God's grace and man's works. All of
this grace was given to us in Jesus Christ. He is the
Source of grace upon grace (Jn 1:16, 17). We could not earn it. We did nothing
to merit it. That is why it is called the grace of God!
explaining the gospel as it relates to Israel, Paul writes that he was
part of the saved Jewish "remnant
chosen (elected) by grace"
and that it was "the grace of Christ" (Once again note
the Source of God's grace) which called (click
study of related word) him (Gal 1:6). The same grace of God which is at work in
electing individuals, is also active in justifying them, Paul explaining
that we are
justified (declared righteous) as a gift by His
grace through the redemption (the price paid to make possible
the grace shown to a believing sinner) which is in Christ Jesus.
In each of the aspects of a believer's salvation (calling, election,
justification) grace is at work and is clearly manifest
apart from any meritorious work by the recipient. Paul
reaffirms the truth of grace as God's unmerited favor,
reminding the saints at Ephesus that
even when we were dead in our
transgressions, (God) made us alive together with Christ (by
grace you have been saved)...for by grace (the source of
salvation in this context) you have been saved through faith; and
that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God; not as a result of works,
that no one should boast." (see notes
The grace of God is undeserved,
unsought, and unbought (except that it is made available by the precious
blood of the Lamb of God). The infinitely high price of redemption was paid
the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though He was
rich, yet for your sake He became poor (His incarnation), that
you through His poverty might become rich (spiritual riches that
Jesus gives to all who place their trust in Him). (2Cor 8:9)
So the riches of our salvation
(calling, election, justification, sanctification) were all made
possible by the "impoverishment" of Christ Who became a man, suffered
and died a cruel death on the cross so that grace could be manifested in
our life. When we realize what it cost God to express grace,
it helps us realize the wickedness of our sin and the undeserving state
of mankind. What an amazing divine paradox -- grace was
immeasurably costly for God to express and yet is unconditionally free
to all men. Grace is God’s favor freely offered but
Don't recklessly waste the infinite
riches of God's grace by continuing to yield to temptation to sin. Don't
be like the prince of a small, oil-rich Asian nation who was
indicted for allegedly squandering $16 billion of his country's wealth.
Over a 10-year period, the prince is believed to have lost huge sums
through poor judgment and bad investments. His nation's High Court said
that he spent $2.7 billion just on aircraft, yachts, cars, and jewelry.
Beloved, don't squander the riches of God's grace!
As a result of having been
justified by grace through faith, believers now have
comfort and good hope ("good hope" was used by non-Christian writers
as reference to life after death!) by grace. (2Th
In other words the grace of God is the foundation on which
a believer can now possesses eternal encouragement even in the face of
temporary distresses and maintain a steadfast hope which motivates us to
live in the light of our Savior’s return.
Peter exhorts his readers who
were experiencing various trials, to remember that in view of their
great salvation to
gird your minds for action ("pull yourselves
together"), keep sober in spirit, fix your hope completely on the
grace to be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ.
Christ’s future ministry of glorifying Christians ("future
tense salvation" click here) will be the culmination of
the same grace of God which initiated our salvation. The
believer's assurance of "future grace" should be a
compelling motive for endurance in the midst of life's storms and
tribulations, an endurance only possible because of grace.
Grace (charis) is the basis for joy (chara), and it leads to thanksgiving (eucharistia).
Certainly when we begin to understand the grace of God there is rejoicing in our
heart and thanksgiving on our lips. There is a lift that comes to our
spirit. How many of us feel beat down? How many feel like we are in a
valley? We look around and nothing seems very appealing or satisfying.
But when we come to God’s word of grace and begin to understand His
all sufficient grace, this understanding has the power to lift our spirits and
rejoice our soul! His grace is the absolutely free expression of His
loving kindnesses to mankind.
Marvin Vincent says that
is primarily that which gives
joy (chara). Its higher, Christian meaning is based
on the emphasis of freeness in a gift or favour. It is the free,
spontaneous, absolute loving-kindness of God toward men. (Word
Studies in the New Testament: Vol. 4, page 109)
the merciful kindness by which God, exerting his holy influence upon
souls ("saving" grace), turning them to Christ and causing him to seek after His
righteousness, keeps, strengthens, increases them in
Christian faith, knowledge, affection, and kindles them to the exercise
of the Christian virtues ("sanctifying" grace - that
work of the Holy Spirit in the life of a yielded believer, enabling him
to daily die to sin and live to righteousness).
notable that Paul frequently introduces his epistles with
grace to recipients who are already saved by grace. Thus grace
in these introductions is Paul's desire (even taking the form of a
prayer) that his recipients live out their Christianity empowered by
gift of God as expressed in his actions of extending mercy,
loving-kindness, and salvation to people. Grace is the
dimension of divine activity that enables God to confront human
indifference and rebellion with an inexhaustible capacity to forgive and
to bless. (Tyndale Bible dictionary)
J I Packer writes in his classic work "Knowing God" that
far from being an impersonal force, a sort of celestial electricity
received like a battery charge by “plugging in” to the sacraments, is a
personal activity—God operating in love toward people...expressing a
notion of spontaneous, self–determined kindness which was previously
quite unknown to Greco–Roman ethics and theology. It is staple diet in
the Sunday school that grace is
God’s Riches At Christ’s Expense.
And yet, despite these facts, there do not seem to be many in our
churches who actually believe in grace." Packer goes on to add that
grace "tells how our Judge has become our Savior. Grace and salvation
belong together as cause and effect.
My God, how excellent thy grace,
Whence all our hope and comfort
The sons of Adam in distress
Fly to the shadow of thy wing.
-- Isaac Watts
As alluded to above,
there are two common distortions of grace - legalism and licentiousness
On the legalistic side, we say we are saved by grace and yet willingly
place ourselves under the yolk of a set of do's and don't's and in so
doing blunt the effect of grace. Grace cannot be earned or merited and
the legalist whether knowingly or not is seeking to please God by virtue
of their own merit. God's favor is unmerited and cannot be earned only
Spurgeon wrote that...
Pharisees (legalists) and
self-righteous persons display great enmity towards those who depend
upon the grace of God in Christ Jesus. They call them presumptuous, and
revile their doctrine as tending to licentiousness.
It is impossible
to mix grace and works of the Law, for the one cancels the
other. Law means I must do something to please God, while grace
means that God has finished the work for me and all I need do is believe
on Christ. Salvation is not by faith in Christ plus something: it is by
faith in Christ alone. To live by grace means to depend on God’s
abundant supply for every need. To live by Law means to depend on my own
flesh—and be left to get by without God’s supply
(It doesn't work does it? I know, I've tried!). A supernatural life, the
Christ life, calls for God's continual supernatural supply of amazing
On the other side, grace can be
turned into licentiousness
Jude 1:4), and in this scenario, grace is taught to be a "free pass" to
sin with no expectation of consequences or discipline. "Once saved,
always saved" is true, but it is not true that a person can say they are
saved and then live the rest of their life turning God's rich, costly
grace into licentiousness! Beware of such aberrant teaching for Jude
warns those who teach this were long beforehand marked out for God's
judgment! In short, grace is not permission for "sloppy" Christian
living. To the contrary in the present context (Titus 2:11, 12, 13, 14,
15) we observe that grace saves and then instructs (or trains) God's
children to live godly lives ("like Father, like son"!), but not by
living under a set of rules (legalism) nor by giving a "pass" allowing
loose living (licentiousness). Paul alludes to this in Romans 6 writing
not be master over you, for you are not under (hupo =
literally beneath and figuratively here speaking of one who is
totally under the power, authority, control of)
law, but under (hupo - one who is totally
under the power, authority, control of)
grace. (see note
To reiterate, in Titus 2:11, 12, the grace of God is personified as a living,
dynamic force which brings about salvation, which in the context of
verse 11 makes possible justification or "past tense salvation" (click
here) and then in verse 12 this same grace refers to the
process of a believer's sanctification or "present
Titus 2:12 the grace of God is
the believer's ever-present tutor and discipliner "instructing us to
deny ungodliness" etc.
As John MacArthur writes
Paul culminates his practical
teaching in Titus 2:1-10 on how believers are to live by emphasizing
where it begins...
with the grace of God. God’s grace is
His unmerited favor toward wicked, unworthy sinners, by which He
delivers them from condemnation and death. But the
grace of God is more
than a divine attribute; it is a divine Person, Jesus Christ. Jesus
Christ not only was God incarnate but was grace incarnate. He Himself
personifies and expresses the grace of God, the sovereign, eternal, and
unmerited divine gift of Him who has appeared, bringing salvation to all
When did the grace of God appear in the past (aorist
"appeared" speaks of completed action in the past)? Without a
doubt Paul's reference is a figurative allusion to the incarnation of
our Lord Jesus Christ, when "the Word became flesh, and dwelt among
us, and we beheld His glory, glory as of the only begotten from the
Father, full of grace and truth" (Jn 1:14)
and "of His fulness we have all received and grace upon
grace, (grace "piled upon" grace, like waves continually lapping
ashore, emphasizing the superabundance of grace that has been displayed
by God in and through Christ toward mankind, in this context especially
referring to believers - in other words there is no "fuel shortage"!)
for the Law was given through Moses (God's demand for holiness,
demonstrating the unrighteousness of man thus showing him his need for a
Savior); grace (heaven's "Best" for earth's worst!) and
truth were realized (came into existence) through Jesus Christ."
Almighty God, Your grace impart,
Fix deep conviction on each heart;
Nor let us waste on trifling things
The life that Your salvation brings. —Anon.
Spurgeon observes that...
In the person of Christ
the grace of God is revealed, as when the sun ariseth and makes glad all
lands. It is not a private vision of God to a favored prophet on the
lone mountain’s brow; but it is an open declaration of the grace of God
to every creature under heaven, — a display of the grace of God to all
eyes that are open to behold it. When the Lord Jesus Christ came to
Bethlehem, and when He closed a perfect life by death upon Calvary, He
manifested the grace of God more gloriously than has been done by
creation or Providence. This is the clearest revelation of the
everlasting mercy of the living God. In the Redeemer we behold the
unveiling of the Father’s face. What if I say the laying bare of the
divine heart? To repeat the figure of the text, this is the dayspring
from on high which hath visited us: the Sun which has arisen with
healing in His wings. The grace of God
hath shone forth conspicuously, and made itself visible to men of every
rank in the person and work of the Lord Jesus. This was not given us
because of any deservings on our part; it is a manifestation of free,
rich, undeserved grace, and of that grace in its fullness. The grace of
God has been made manifest to the entire universe in the appearing of
Jesus Christ our Lord...
We live in an age which is an
interval between two appearings of the Lord from heaven. Believers in
Jesus are shut off from the old economy by the first coming of our Lord.
The times of man’s ignorance God winked at, but now commandeth all men
everywhere to repent. We are divided from the past by a wall of light,
upon whose forefront we read the words Bethlehem, Gethsemane, Calvary.
We date from the birth of the Virgin’s Son: we begin with Anno Domini.
All the rest of time is before Christ, and is marked off from the
Christian era. Bethlehem’s manger is our beginning. The chief landmark
in all time to us is the wondrous life of him who is the light of the
world. We look to the appearing of the grace of God in the form of the
lowly One of Nazareth, for our trust is there. We confide in him who was
made flesh and dwelt among us, so that men beheld his glory, the glory
as of the Only Begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth. The
dense darkness of the heathen ages begins to be broken when we reach the
first appearing, and the dawn of a glorious day begins.
Brethren, we look forward to a second appearing. Our outlook for the
close of this present era is another appearing, — an appearing of glory
rather than of grace. After our Master rose from the brow of Olivet His
disciples remained for a while in mute astonishment; but soon an angelic
messenger reminded them of prophecy and promise by saying, “Ye men of
Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is
taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have
seen him go into heaven.” We believe that our Lord in the fullness of
time will descend from heaven with a shout, with the trump of the
archangel, and the voice of God.
shall come! the earth shall quake;
The mountains to their center shake;
And, withering from the vault of night,
The stars shall pale their feeble light.”
This is the terminus of the present age. We look from Anno Domini, in
which he came the first time, to that greater Anno Domini, or year of
our Lord, in which he shall come a second time, in all the splendor of
his power, to reign in righteousness, and break the evil powers as with
a rod of iron. (Two Appearings &
the Discipline of Grace)
The three watchwords of the
Reformation were Sola Fide (Faith alone), Sola Gratia
(Grace alone), and Sola Christi (Christ alone).
The Grace of God is so simple, yet so
profound that it is beyond the greatest minds to fully understand. It
stands in opposition to the ideas that most of us have about earning our
way in the world, about people getting what they deserve, about
“fairness,” and about the independence of human beings...The meaning of
Grace behind that simple explanation is one of the most hated teachings
in the world because it so totally undermines and removes all traces of
human pride. The Doctrine of Grace teaches that we are totally unable to
save ourselves, to help in our salvation, to do anything to merit all or
any part of our salvation, or to keep our salvation. We are saved
totally as an act of God’s will, and we do not deserve it in any way.
Indeed, those that are saved are equally (if not more) deserving of Hell
as those who actually go there! This is the most important first
principle in understanding Grace--no one in the entire human race
deserves any consideration from God, we are all rebels and sinners, and
we all deserve Hell. Except for His own redemption plan, God could
rightfully have sent the entire human race to eternal punishment long
ago! (see full article
Saved by Grace)
Sin and grace are like two buckets at
a well; when one is up the other is down...Grace... turns lions into
lambs, wolves into sheep, monsters into men and men into
angels...Grace... turns counters into gold, pebbles into pearls,
sickness into health, weakness into strength and wants into abundance.
-- Thomas Brooks
Grace is God’s generous favor to
undeserving sinners and needy saints. The grace of God is undeserved,
unsought, and unbought (except that it is made available by the precious
blood of the Lamb of God). Grace is not license to do as we please, but
power to do as we should. God’s grace insures that those who have been
truly regenerated will persevere until the end of life. Saving grace is
God's provision for the believer's sinful past and enabling grace His
portion for daily Christian living.
Someone asked me once, “Why do you.
say free grace? Of course, if it is grace, it’s free.” “Oh, well!” I
replied, “I do so to make assurance doubly sure.” We will always call
it, not only grace, but free grace, to make it clear that God gives his
grace freely to sinners,—the undeserving and ungodly. He gives it
without any condition. If, in one place, he says that he requires
repentance, in another place he promises it; if he demands faith at one
moment, he bestows it at another. So grace is always God’s free gift,
and that suits a man who has not a penny in his pocket. -- C H Spurgeon
There is no other present salvation except that which begins and ends
with grace...Those who have lived the most holy and useful lives
invariably look to free grace in their final moments...If a man
be completely saved in this present time of warfare, how can it be
except by grace. While he has to mourn over sin that dwelleth in
him, while he has to confess innumerable shortcomings and
transgressions, while sin is mixed with all he does, how can he believe
that he is completely saved except it be by the free favor of
God? (Excerpted from Spurgeon's sermon on
Ephesians 2:8 [note]
All of Grace;
see also his booklet by the same title
All of Grace)
Grace in the soul is heaven in that
soul. - Matthew Henry
With God's grace, you can do
everything you ought to do.
Anything this side of hell is pure
grace. - Unknown
Grace finds us beggars but leaves us
debtors. - Augustus Toplady
He who is graceless in the day of
grace will be speechless in the Day of Judgment. - Unknown
The life of grace is the death of
sin, and the growth of grace the decay of sin. - Thomas Brooks
Sin and grace are like two buckets at
a well; when one is up the other is down. - Thomas Brooks
In the Bible there are three
distinctive meanings of grace; it means the mercy and active love of
God; it means the winsome attractiveness of God; it means the strength
of God to overcome. - Charles L. Allen
God's grace is sufficient for us
anywhere his providence places us.
Grace is especially associated with
men in their sins: mercy is usually associated with men in their misery.
The law tells me how crooked I am.
Grace comes along and straightens me out. -D L Moody
free but it is not cheap for as Martyn Lloyd-Jones reminds us
If the race you have received does
not help you to keep the law, you have not received grace!
The will of God will never lead to
where the grace of God cannot keep you.
Grace does not offer freedom to sin;
it offers freedom from sin.
Law sentences a living man to death;
grace brings a dead man to life.
Grace always leads to peace.
The doctrines of grace humble a man
without degrading him, and exalt him without inflating him. - Charles
The sanctifying grace of God is
appropriated by the obedient and unrelenting activity of the regenerate
man. - J. A. Motyer
Death shortens our way to heaven, but
grace sweetens our way to heaven.
Grace is the first and last word of
the Gospel; and peace—perfect spiritual soundness—is the finished work
of grace. - James Denney
Self-consciousness is a sure sign
that there is not much depth of grace. - Spurgeon
God's grace is not only amazing
grace, it is abounding grace. - Vance Havner
The grace of God transcends all our
feeble efforts to describe it. It cannot be poured into any of our
mental receptacles without running over.— Vance Havner
A supply of grace is in store for
believers against all exigencies; but they are only supplied with it as
the need arises. - A. R. Fausset
If the 'grace' you have received does
not help you to keep the law, you have not received grace. - D. Martyn
A man may find out many ways to hide
his sin, but he will never find out any way to subdue his sin, but by
the exercise of grace. - Thomas Brooks
The less we have of self the more
room there is for His divine grace. -Spurgeon
New trials will bring new grace and
prove the value of old promises. - Spurgeon
Your adversity may prove your
advantage by offering occasion and opportunity for the display of divine
grace. - Spurgeon
God's grace is immeasurable; his
mercy inexhaustible; his peace inexpressible.
We have a constant dependence upon
God. All our natural actions depend upon his providence, all our
spiritual actions upon his grace. - Matthew Henry
Accept God's grace through faith,
then prove his grace through works.
God would never save us by grace so
we could live in disgrace.
Self-denial is the finest lesson in
the school of grace.
Always distinguish between the words
'attain' and 'obtain'. We can never attain or earn God's gracious help
by prayer or service, but we can obtain, appropriate and take it. - F.
God who is love allows Himself
to love sinful people. That is grace - Charles Ryrie
I am not what I might be, I am not
what I ought to be, I am not what I wish to be, I am not what I hope to
be; but I thank God I am not what I once was, and I can say with the
great apostle, 'By the grace of God I am what I am.' - John Newton
We hear these days about "cheap
grace." It doesn't mean much to be a Christian. But salvation is the
costliest item on earth. It cost our Lord everything to provide it and
it costs us everything to possess it.— Vance Havner
Law condemns the best man; grace
saves the worst man.
A man can no more take in a supply of
grace for the future than he can eat enough for the next six months or
take sufficient air into his lungs at one time to sustain life for a
week. We must draw upon God's boundless store of grace from day to day,
as we need it. - D. L. Moody
Christians need to pray two prayers:
"Lord, give me light," and, "Give me grace to walk in the light."
Too many apply the principles of
"saving grace" to their pocketbooks rather than their souls.
Love that gives upward is worship,
love that goes outward is affection; love that stoops is grace --
Donald Grey Barnhouse
It is possible to grow in Bible knowledge and yet not grow in grace or
in one’s personal relationship with God.
The will of God will never lead you where the grace of God cannot keep
you. -- Unknown
When the mask of self-righteousness
has been torn from us and we stand stripped of all our accustomed
defenses, we are candidates for God’s generous grace. - Erwin W. Lutzer
The law detects, grace alone conquers
sin. - Augustine
Grace is but glory begun, and glory is but grace perfected -- Jonathan
The man who has been quiet enough to get a message from God will find in
the same quiet hour the grace to give it.— Vance Havner
Grace is the only thing that can
make us like God. I might be dragged through heaven, earth, and hell and
I would still be the same sinful, polluted wretch unless God Himself
should cleanse me by His grace. - Dying words of one ancient saint
Note: Many of the preceding quotes
are from John Blanchard's highly recommended
book, the single best compendium of Biblically sound quotations available
in print =
The Complete Gathered Gold: A
Treasury of Quotations
2 Corinthians 8–9 charis
is used 10 times as a synonym for Christian giving, which is simply the
outflow of the grace of God in and through our lives and
not the result of someone's hype, promotion or pressure. If we genuinely
understand and appreciate the grace of God extended to
sinners such as us, we will want to express that grace by
sharing with others. It is a wonderful thing when Christians enter into grace of giving and really believe that giving is more
blessed than receiving. Grace giving is an evidence of
love—love for Christ, love for God’s servants who have ministered to us,
and love for those who have special needs that we are able to help meet. Grace not only frees us from our sins, but it frees us
from ourselves. The grace of God will open your heart and
your hand, because an open heart cannot maintain a closed hand. God
sees, not the portion, but the proportion. If we could have given more,
and did not, God notes it. If we wanted to give more, and could not, God
also notes that. When we give willingly, according to what we have, we
are practicing grace giving. Grace giving is
a matter of faith: we obey God and believe that He will meet our needs
as we help to meet the needs of others. In both nature and grace,
God is a generous Giver; and he who would be godly must follow the
divine example. Your giving will not be the result of cold calculation,
but of warmhearted jubilation! Grace giving does not bring
credit to us but brings thanksgiving to God for believers are but
channels through whom God's grace can flow to meet the
needs of others. When a Christian starts to think of excuses for not
giving, he automatically moves out of the sphere of grace
giving. Grace never looks for a reason; it
only looks for an opportunity. If there is a need to be met, the
grace-controlled Christian will do what he can to meet it. When
he practices grace giving, his money is not a substitute
for either his concern or his service. He first gives himself to the
Lord (2Co 8:5)
and then he gives what he has. His gift is a symbol, as it were, of the
surrender of his heart. You cannot separate the gift and the giver when
your giving is motivated by God’s grace. The preceding is
adapted and condensed from the teaching of Warren Wiersbe. (Wiersbe,
W: Bible Exposition Commentary. 1989. Victor)
brethren, we wish to make known to you the grace of God which has
been given in the churches of Macedonia, that in a great ordeal of
affliction their abundance of joy and their deep poverty overflowed in
the wealth of their liberality. (2Cor 8:1, 2)
This verse gives us the paradoxical formula
illustrating the power of amazing grace:
Wiersbe writes that...
Grace was not an addition to God’s plan;
grace was a part of God’s plan from the very beginning. God dealt
with Adam and Eve in grace; He dealt with the patriarchs in
grace; and He dealt with the nation of Israel in grace. He
gave the Law through Moses, not to replace His grace, but to
reveal man’s need for grace. Law was temporary, but grace
is eternal. But as the Law made man’s sins increase, God’s grace
abounded even more. God’s grace was more than adequate to deal
with man’s sins. Even though sin and death still reign in this world,
God’s grace is also reigning through the righteousness of
W: Bible Exposition Commentary. 1989. Victor)
It is impossible
to mix grace and works of the Law, for the one cancels the
other. Law means I must do something to please God, while grace
means that God has finished the work for me and all I need do is believe
on Christ. Salvation is not by faith in Christ plus something: it is by
faith in Christ alone. To live by grace means to depend on God’s
abundant supply of every need. To live by Law means to depend on my own
flesh—and be left to get by without God’s supply.
In summary, it is hardly too much to say that the mind of God has in no word uttered
itself and all that was in His heart more distinctly than in the word
charis. Thus, in the NT, charis refers to an act that is beyond the ordinary course of what might
be expected and is therefore commendable.
It was a favor done out of the spontaneous generosity of
God’s heart of love with no expectation of return. There are no strings
attached to grace. All the human race could
rightfully expect was punishment for its sins. But instead all mankind
offered mercy from the Judge who stepped down from His judgment throne
in the Glory, to take upon Himself the guilt and penalty of human sin,
thus satisfying His justice (propitiation) and making it possible to
bestow mercy (justification) on the basis of justice satisfied
upon every hell-deserving sinner who puts his faith in Christ's death in
his place. This grace
then is offered to all men as a free gift to be accepted by the
outstretched hand of faith. Paul teaches that God's
is unlimited, writing that "where sin increased,
abounded all the more" (Ro 5:20-note).
The Greek word for here “abounded” is a compound word which could be
translated as “grace
existed in superabundance and then more
added to this superabundance.”
What else can we sing except "Amazing
May the Spirit of God
give each of us hearts to receive His grace so that our life may echo
grace of God I am what I am (1Cor 15:10)
And may our rule of life be
I do not
frustrate the grace of God (Gal 2:21KJV).
The Amplified Version phrases Gal 2:21 this way "[Therefore, I do not
treat God’s gracious gift as something of minor importance and defeat
its very purpose]; I do not set aside and invalidate and frustrate and
nullify the grace (unmerited favor) of God."
finally, may we too be grace saturated saints like
Stephen, full of grace and power (Acts 6:8)
(No grace, no power. Know grace, know power!)
Grace: Why It’s So Amazing and
Awesome by J. Hampton Keathley, III
Grace - Baker's Evangelical Dictionary
of Biblical Theology
Grace in Easton's, ISBE
The God of All Grace
by Richard L. Strauss
The Grace of God Pt 1-
Bob Deffinbaugh -
includes discussion of subdivision of grace into common grace, saving
grace, securing grace, sanctifying grace, serving grace, sustaining
The Grace of God Pt 3 -
Bob Deffinbaugh -
a practical article on what grace means in the daily walk of the
Spurgeon sermons related to grace...
Luke 23:42-43 The Believing Thief
1 Corinthians 4:7Distinguishing Grace
Ezekiel 36:32 Free Grace
Isaiah 19:18-25 Fruits Of Grace
Hosea 14:4 Grace Abounding
Romans 5:20 Grace Abounding Over Abounding Sin
Devotionals from Puritan writings in Valley of Vision -
Grace in Trials
Gifts of Grace
Need of Grace
The Grace of the Cross
GRACE OF GOD
As discussed below (see phrase to
all men) the following translations are not entirely accurate...
(NIV) For the grace of God
that brings salvation has appeared to all men.
(KJV) For the grace of God
that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men
Has appeared - "Did appear".
It (Better "He," the one full of grace and truth, in Whom there was
grace upon grace - Jn 1:14-note,
Jn 1:17-note) has shined forth. It has brought to light or shown. This is the first
epiphany or the incarnation. This grace has penetrated our moral and
There is a beauty and energy in
the word epiphaino, hath shined out, that is rarely noted; it seems to
be a metaphor taken from the sun. As by his rising in the east and
shining out, he enlightens, successively, the whole world; so the Lord
Jesus, who is called the Sun of righteousness, Malachi 4:2, arises on
the whole human race with healing in his wings.
Isaiah had prophesied of this
appearance centuries earlier writing that...
The people who walk in darkness
will see a great light. Those who live in a dark land, the light will
shine on them. (Isaiah 9:2)
As Jameison rightly observes
that the grace of God has appeared...
after having been long hidden in
the loving counsels of God (Col 1:26-note;
The image is illustrated in Acts 27:20 ("since neither sun nor stars
appeared [epiphaino] for many days"). The grace of God
hath now been embodied in Jesus, the brightness of the Father’s glory,”
manifested as the “Sun of righteousness,” “the Word made flesh.” The
Gospel dispensation is hence termed “the day” (1Th 5:5, 8-see notes
there is a double “appearing,” that of “grace” here, that of “glory,”
Tit 2:13; compare Ro 13:12-note).
Grace of God has appeared -
When did it appear in history? In the first century, the time of the New
Testament. However the Tyndale Bible Dictionary makes the excellent
The doctrine of divine grace
underlies the thought of both the OT and NT. However, the OT merely
anticipates and prepares for the full expression of grace that becomes
manifest in the NT... Divine grace was already operative in the Garden
of Eden when God responded to the debacle of the fall with the promise
of redemption (Ge 3:15) and solicitous care rather than with
abandonment or retributive annihilation... Divine grace becomes embodied
in the person of Jesus Christ, who demonstrates visibly the dynamic
nature of God’s grace and fulfills in his ministry of redemption the old
covenant promises relative to God’s gracious dealings with humanity (Jn
from epí = upon + phaíno
= to shine, English = epiphany, which some churches
observe in commemoration of coming of Magi as first manifestation of
Christ to the Gentiles) (Click
for more detailed definition) means
literally to shine upon and so to become visible and to be made clear or manifest (passive
that epiphaino is the first word in the Greek sentence for emphasis.
Epiphaino - 4 uses in the NT - Lk. 1:79; Acts 27:20; Titus 2:11; 3:4
Epiphaino means to cause light to
shine upon some object in the sense of illuminating it and was used of
the dawning of light upon darkness.
Epiphaino is used particularly of divine interposition, especially
to aid, and of the dawning of light upon darkness.
Septuagint uses epiphaino in the famous Aaronic blessing...
Numbers 6:25 The LORD make His
face shine on (epiphaino) you, And be gracious to you;
Zacharias (John the Baptist's father) filled with the Holy Spirit
And you, child (John the Baptist),
will be called the prophet of the Most High; For you will go on BEFORE
THE LORD TO PREPARE HIS WAYS; To give to His people the knowledge of
salvation by the forgiveness of their sins, because of the tender mercy
of our God, with which the Sunrise from on high (Speaks of the Messiah)
shall visit us, TO SHINE UPON (epiphaino)
THOSE WHO SIT IN DARKNESS (Messiah's coming would be like the coming of
dawn, light driving away darkness) AND THE SHADOW OF DEATH, To guide our
feet into the way of peace." (Luke 1:75, 76, 77, 78, 79) (Comment: The
coming of Jesus Christ was the light of the grace of God’s salvation
dawning upon this sin-darkened world.)(See
Table comparing Rapture vs Second
Titus 3 Paul uses epiphaino again writing that
when the kindness of God our Savior and His love for mankind appeared,
He saved us, not on the basis of deeds which we have done in
righteousness, but according to His mercy, by the washing of
regeneration and renewing by the Holy Spirit (see notes
the sudden appearance upon the scene and was used in ancient Greece as a religious term to describe a visible manifestation of a
hidden deity (especially to provide aid), either in person or by some
great act through which his presence is revealed.
Hughes writes that
In Greek literature this word can
function as a technical term to describe a hero (or a god) breaking into
a helpless situation to rescue someone from danger. Paul typically
uses this terminology to
refer to the past or future coming of Christ to rescue his people (cf.
Titus 2:13). When the apostle uses the same word to describe the coming
of grace, he so intertwines who Christ is with what Christ provides that
the two become inseparable in our consideration. Grace is not some
abstract doctrine or theological construct. Grace comes as Christ does.
Grace is as personal as he is. In fact, Christ is grace. The unmerited
favor of God is what Jesus is about, but it is also who he is. We should
thus see grace as a personal action by a personal God who saved us from
our helpless condition out of pure love. (Preaching the Word - 1 & 2
Timothy and Titus: To Guard the Post.)
And so the image
conveyed by epiphaino is that of grace
suddenly breaking in on our moral darkness, like the rising sun or as
Malachi puts it "the Sun (Son) of righteousness " rising
"with healing in (His) wings" so that we those so enlightened
might be empowered to "go forth and skip about like calves from the
stall." (Mal 4:2)
In the Greek
the verb epiphaino, "has
at the beginning of the passage to stress that the manifestation of grace
historical reality, a fact also emphasized by use of the
which pictures a past completed action (a historical event).
comments that epiphaino...
is an aorist indicative, and since
all aorists express punctiliar action, one learns that the appearance of
God’s grace here spoken of, is not a process. It may be noticed also
that this aorist is ingressive. There are three kinds of aorist tenses
in Greek; ingressive, constative, and effective. The ingressive aorist
places the emphasis on the beginning of the action. This verb,
therefore, throws light on a difficult problem. This age is called the
Age of Grace and yet many see little difference between God’s dealings
with man now and His dealings with man before the inception of the law.
Many reason that God dealt in grace then and saved those who looked in
faith to Him, just as He saves those who now believe in His Son. Faith
was then the necessary prerogative to please God just as it is now.
Wherein lies the difference?
The verb helps answer the question. Since it stresses point action it
implies that God did something at a definite time which serves to
display His grace in a manner superior to any revelation of it that had
been previously given. Clearly, then, this points to the cross of
Christ, for it was there that God’s grace found a display superior to
that seen in all other ages. Therefore, because Christ has died and
because we are living in an age this side of the cross, God can deal
with us in a different manner from that in which He dealt with those
living before the cross. Never before has God concluded all under sin,
because of which action all who are unsaved, Jews or Gentiles, bond or
free, stand on the same plane before Him. There never has been an age,
before our present one, nor will one ever come again, in which God will
be selecting a group from every kindred, tongue, and nation to make a
people for His name. This group is being selected during this present
age, and the selection is being made, not on the basis of individual
merit, but purely on the basis of grace. Lastly, this age shows men that
God in grace is doing for man what man in other ages has never been able
to do for himself. Therefore, this is rightly called the Age of Grace.
Grace is the outstanding thing that characterizes all of God’s dealings
with man today. (The
Discipline of Grace in Bibliotheca Sacra 93:370. April, 1936. Page 168)
Journal Subscription info) (List
of 33 journals - 500+ yrs of articles searchable by topic or verse!
Incredible Online Resource!) (Ed: Don't misunderstand --
all of God's dealings in the OT were also by grace for men are ever and
only saved by grace through faith, cp Abram in Genesis 15:6)
Hiebert comments that
reference is to Christ’s entire earthly life—his birth, life, death, and
resurrection. The verb epephane, from which we derive our word
‘epiphany,’ means ‘to become visible, make an appearance,’ and conveys
the image of grace suddenly breaking in on our moral darkness, like the
rising sun. (It is used of the sun in Acts 27:20.) Men could never have
formed an adequate conception of that grace apart from its personal
manifestation in Christ, in his incarnation and atonement.
Who appeared? Not
simply the attribute of God's grace, but Jesus Christ Himself, grace
incarnate, God’s supremely gracious gift to fallen mankind. Isaac Watts
has an apropos hymn...
BEHOLD, THE GRACE APPEARS!
Behold, the grace
The promise is fulfilled;
Mary, the wondrous virgin, bears,
And Jesus is the Child.
Don't Waste It -
The prince of a small, oil-rich Asian nation was indicted
for allegedly squandering $16 billion of his country's
wealth. Over a 10-year period, the prince is believed to
have lost huge sums through poor judgment and bad
investments. His nation's High Court said that he spent
$2.7 billion just on aircraft, yachts, cars, and jewelry.
While shaking my head in disbelief, I had to ask myself
if I too am guilty of recklessly wasting riches—the riches
of God's grace. If I have received His mercy and
forgiveness yet continue to yield to sin, I am squandering
After Jesus healed a man who had been an invalid for 38
years, the Lord said to him, "See, you have been made
well. Sin no more, lest a worse thing come upon you" (John
5:14). It seems that Jesus was warning him not to waste
God's healing touch on his life. Paul too pleaded with the
Christians in Corinth "not to receive the grace of God in
vain" (2 Corinthians 6:1). Indeed, God's grace should
result in changed lives (Titus 2:11-12).
As God freely forgives us, His grace opens the door for us
to change. How tragic it would be to fritter away a
spiritual fortune instead of allowing "the riches of His
grace" to transform our lives! (Ephesians 1:7-note).
— David C. McCasland
Almighty God, Your
Fix deep conviction on each heart;
Nor let us waste on trifling things
The life that Your salvation brings.
To avoid disgrace,
Grow in grace.
SALVATION TO ALL MEN: sôtêrios pasin anthropois:
Lk 3:6,Jn 1:9, 1Ti 2:4, 5, 6, Ro 10:18-note,2Pe
(Ps 96:1, 2, 3-note;
Ps 98:1, 2, 3-note;
Ps 117:1, 2-note;
Isa 2:2;2:3, 45:22; 49:6; 52:10; 60:1, 2, 3; Mt 28:19; Mk 16:15; Lk 3:6;
24:47; Acts 13:47; Jn 1:9; Ro 10:18; Ro 15:9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19-note;
Eph 3:6, 7, 8--note;
1Ti 2:4; 2Ti 4:17-note)
The following version if
taken out of context could be misinterpreted as "universalism" (all
For the grace of God has appeared, saving all (New American Bible).
the NAS rendering is one of which the Universalist is fond,
craftily misinterpreting and misusing this verse to give
pseudo-Scriptural support to his false doctrine that all men will be
saved irrespective of their deeds. Paul's point is not that the entire
world will be saved but that the message of God's grace has been made
available to all people. He is showing the universal scope of salvation
while the saving effect is dependent on a personal response of faith on
hearing the Gospel.
Here are some other
salvation has appeared to all men" (NIV)
"God's saving kindness has
appeared for the benefit of all people" (GWT)
free gift of eternal salvation is now being offered to everyone"
salvation - The verb bringing is not present
in the original Greek but is added to smooth out the English
all men- The phrase to
all men may be connected either with appeared (NIV "the
grace of God that brings salvation has appeared to all men")
or with salvation (NAS) and grammatically either would be
A D Litfin however argues
that the NIV rendering...
introduces an idea foreign to
the New Testament and to common sense, since
the gospel itself has patently not “appeared” to all men (unless “all
men” means all kinds of people and not every single person).
J. F., Zuck, R. B., et al: The Bible Knowledge Commentary. 1985. Victor)
soter = savior)
is an adjective which refers to that which is pertains to the means of
salvation = bringing salvation, delivering, rescuing.
Soterion/soterios is used 5x: Lk.
2:30; 3:6; Acts 28:28; Eph. 6:17; Titus 2:11
Soterios describes the act
of delivering or saving from great danger or peril and of healing,
protecting and preserving. In the original Greek text here in Titus 2:11
"soterios" is an adjective meaning "saving, bringing salvation" and
describes the effect of this grace as being beneficent and redemptive.
Grace brings salvation
Eph 2:8, 2:9-note,
but it doesn't stop there, for then grace empowers
the believer for daily sanctification (See
discussion of sanctification at the three tenses of salvation)
as used here by Paul refers both to grace
to the guilty sinner (in Titus 2:11) and the gracious favor of God in
its enabling power and effect, which is to be found alone in Christ (see
note on this meaning of grace in 2Ti 2:1-note).
writes that it is
as we live in the enjoyment of the power of this grace
can we devotedly and faithfully discharge the service committed to us
(in Titus 2:12).
There is adequate
grace to meet our
every need. (cf "manifold
[poikilos - variegated] grace" (1Pe 4:10-note]
for "various [poikilos - variegated,
multi-colored - same word in Lxx describing Joseph's coat of "many
colors"] trials" (1Pe 1:6-note) (Vine)
His mercy does not give us what we do deserve but God in His grace gives
us what we don’t deserve and could never obtain without Him, so that now
believers are empowered to do
works which we could not have done unless grace had
other NT uses of soterios/soterion are recorded below
Luke 2:30 - Luke uses this word in his description of the
encounter of Simeon and the infant Jesus, writing that
"there was a
man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon; and this man was righteous and
devout, looking for the consolation of Israel; and the Holy Spirit was
upon him. And it had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he
would not see death before he had seen the Lord's Messiah. And he came
in the Spirit into the temple; and when the parents brought in the child
Jesus, to carry out for Him the custom of the Law, then he took Him into
his arms, and blessed God, and said, "Now Lord, Thou dost let Thy
bond-servant depart In peace, according to Thy word for my eyes have
seen Thy salvation (soterios) which Thou hast
prepared in the presence of all peoples, a LIGHT OF REVELATION TO THE
GENTILES, And the glory of Thy people Israel." (Lk 2:25-32)
It is interesting that in the Bible's first mention of "salvation,"
Jacob also stated that he was waiting "for Thy salvation (Hebrew = Yeshua from which is derived the name Jesus) I wait, O
LORD." (Ge 49:18). Simeon, the namesake of Jacob's second son actually
saw "Thy Salvation" in the Spirit (speaking of Simeon) in the Person of
the baby Jesus.
Luke 3:6 - Luke
again uses soterios in his description of John the
Baptist's prophesy of the coming Messiah in which he declared that
FLESH SHALL SEE THE SALVATION OF GOD." (Lk 3:6)
In both of these verses, Luke uses "salvation" as
virtually synonymous with the Savior, a figure of speech known as a
metonymy in which one uses the name of one thing ("salvation") for
another thing (in this case "Jesus" or "Savior") of which
it ("salvation") is an attribute.
Acts 28:28 - Paul speaking to the Jews
during his house arrest in Rome declared to them that since they had
rejected the offer of salvation, it would go to the Gentiles saying
it be known to you therefore, that this salvation (soterios) of God has been sent to the Gentiles; they will also listen." (Acts
Ephesians 6:17 - The last use by Paul is in describing the
Christian's spiritual wardrobe...
And take THE HELMET OF SALVATION, and
the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God. (Comment: The "helmet
of salvation" speaks of the believer's assurance of salvation)
all men - The Greek word for "all" (pas)
means all without exception. The point is that Salvation
is available to
not all will receive (believe in) Jesus as Savior. In fact
Scripture teaches that most
will not. There is no suggestion here or anywhere else in the Bible
that everyone will eventually be saved. Universal salvation is a lie.
The heart of "God our Savior...desires all men to be saved and to
come to the knowledge of the truth." (1Ti 2:3, 4). Later in that same epistle Paul
qualifies salvation writing that "the
living God...is the Savior of all men, especially of believers." (1Ti
4:10) So of the "all", it is only believers who will be
Although salvation has been bought
for all men, all have not accepted it for themselves. By the death of
Christ, God has provided salvation for all men and has made such
provision as is necessary for the salvation of “whosoever will.”
Christ’s death is a finished work in the matter of salvation, having
procured redemption towards sin, reconciliation with respect to man, and
propitiation towards God. Every barrier has been removed that has
hindered this marvelous display of God’s grace. Thus, humanly speaking,
man himself is the only hindrance to his salvation. By this explanation,
the text of the American Revised Version, which is to be preferred, can
be accepted and the position of the Universalist can be refuted. (The
Discipline of Grace in Bibliotheca Sacra 93:370. April 36. p. 163)
Hiebert adds that this
phrase ("to all men") is
descriptive of the universality of the salvation provided in Christ; it
is adapted to and freely available to all men. No nation, tongue, class,
or group was excluded. The atonement rendered all men saveable. This
does not mean that all men will be saved, since its power actually to
save is dependent upon personal faith. (Titus and Philemon, p57, Moody
What does genuine
salvation look like? See the clear description in
the next verse. How deceptive is it to say one is saved by "believing" and then
fail to show no denial of ungodliness or worldly desires and no heart
for godly living. Jesus warned that many would be deceived (Study
carefully the sobering warning of Jesus in Mt
Mt 7:21; 22; 23). How
dangerous is the cloak and garb of "religion". There are many
men and women in hell today who "believed" and yet by their
continual (this is the key word - believers still sin but not as
a lifestyle) lawless behavior (cf 1Jn 3:9,10) they clearly demonstrated that there
had never been a supernatural "circumcision"
of their hearts (Col 2:11-note).
Grace of God
in the form of salvation is so ordained that the one who receives it
(better "Him", i.e., Jesus the manifestation of grace),
turns from sin to serve the living God and seeks to live holy (cp 1Th
includes not only the bestowal of righteousness (of Christ), but also a
new heart, an inward
transformation consisting of the breaking of the power of indwelling sin
and the implantation of the enabling presence and power of the Spirit of
Christ, Who liberates the believer (who learns to yield or surrender to
the Spirit, cf being filled with the Spirit Eph 5:18-note;
Walking by the Spirit - Gal 5:16-note) from the
compelling power of
and provides the supernatural power to obey,
to work out one's salvation.
Kenneth Wuest comments on
and law writing that
To be under law (Ro 6:14-note,
Gal 5:18-note) refers to an unsaved person who attempts to live in
obedience to the law of God. To be under grace is to be a saved
person who has been the subject of the surgical operation in which the
power of the sinful nature has been broken and the divine nature
implanted. The poet says
Do this and live, the law commands,
but gives me neither
feet nor hands.
A better word the gospel brings.
It bids me fly and
gives me wings.
Wings in Scripture, speak of supernatural power.
K. S. Wuest's Word Studies from the Greek New Testament: Eerdmans)
Paul sets grace
against works directly in opposition to one another so far
as the means of salvation is concerned (Ro 11:6-note).
But Paul is very careful to make plain that good
naturally issue from and are required by grace
(Titus 2:11, 12).
Grace! ’tis a charming sound,
Harmonious to the ear;
Heav’n with the echo shall resound,
And all the earth shall hear.
Saved by grace alone!
This is all my plea:
Jesus died for all mankind,
And Jesus died for me.”
What's Ahead? - American theologian Carl Henry gave a
thought-provoking lecture with these three major points:
1. "The barbarians have come."
Evil forces have
entered the gates and are tearing down the values Christians embrace as
true and good. Many thoughtful people believe that we are witnessing the
moral collapse of Western civilization, and they are afraid.
2. "Jesus is coming."
lived for 20 centuries with the hope that they will witness the glorious
appearing of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ. The darker the
night, the brighter shines that hope. The barbarians may have won a
battle, but they will not win the war.
3. "The church doesn't know whether it is coming or going."
Many of those who
claim to know God deny Him by their words and actions. A great number of
Christians believe that the hands on the clock of history are nearing
the midnight hour, but they don't know just how close. Whether our Lord
comes today or in a thousand years, Christians must say no to
ungodliness and worldly passions and live self-controlled, upright, and
godly lives in this present evil age (Titus 2:11).
Let's get our eyes off the barbarians, keep looking for the coming of
our Lord, and live for Him today.-- Haddon W. Robinson (Our
Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by
permission. All rights reserved)
Faithful and true
would He find us here
If He should come today?
Watching in gladness and not in fear,
If He should come today?
What we believe
about the world to come
shapes how we live in the world today.