Acts 19 Commentary

Click chart to enlarge
Chart from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission


Click chart to enlarge

Considering the fact that Acts 13 is such a strategic chapter in regard to world evangelism, take a moment and study Irving Jensen's chart at top of the page (click it to enlarge it which is what I have to do at age 72!). Notice the bold vertical line (|) at the end of Acts 12 and beginning of Acts 13 which Jensen estimates to be about year 47 (it could be a short time prior). Note the horizontal description of "Church" - Church Established in the first 13 years from Acts 1 through Acts 7, then the Church Scattered between Acts 8 through Acts 12, which occurred over a period of about 14 years (and remember all dates and times are at best approximations because Luke gives only a few events that allow us to give specific dates, such as the death of Herod in A D 44 in Acts 12:23) and lastly, beginning in Acts 13 (and until the end of this age), the Church Extended, this extension being the primarily the fruit of Paul's Three Missionary Journeys which"upset the world!" (Acts 17:6) Now, you have a good grasp of the chronological context of Acts 13. And as they say in the restaurant when your delicious meal is served "Enjoy!" The three missionary journeys are summarized below (this note will be repeated in subsequent chapters). Click links for the maps of each journey.

Paul's First Missionary Journey Acts 13:4-14:28
Paul's Second Missionary Journey Acts 15:36-18:22
Paul's Third Missionary Journey Acts 18:23-21:26
  • Maps in table above are from the Holman Bible Atlas (digital bookHardcover/Paperback version) copyrighted © 1998 B&H Publishing Group, used by permission, all rights reserved. This is one of the best resources for Bible maps as the maps also include helpful short descriptions of the events portrayed on the maps. Please do not download for use on another website. Thank you.
  • Here is a map with all three journeys on one map.


  1. Antioch Acts 13:1-3
  2. Seleucia Acts 13:4
  3. Salamis on Cyprus Acts 13:5
  4. Paphos on Cyprus Acts 13:6-12
  5. Perga in Pamphylia Acts 13:13
  6. Pisidian Antioch Acts 13:14-50
  7. Iconium Acts 13:51
  8. Lystra Acts 14:6-20
  9. Derbe Acts 14:20
  10. Lystra Acts 14:21
  11. Iconium Acts 14:21
  12. Pisidian Antioch Acts 14:21
  13. Pamphylia Acts 14:24
  14. Perga Acts 14:25
  15. Attalia Acts 14:25
  16. Antioch Acts 14:26 
  1. Antioch Acts 15:36-40
  2. Syria Acts 15:41
  3. Cilicia Acts 15:41
  4. Derbe Acts 16:1
  5. Lystra Acts 16:1-5
  6. Phrygia/Galatia Acts 16:6
  7. Mysia Acts 16:7
  8. Troas Acts 16:8-10
  9. Samothrace Acts 16:11
  10. Neapolis Acts 16:11
  11. Philippi Acts 16:12
  12. Amphipolis Acts 17:1
  13. Apollonia Acts 17:1
  14. Thessalonica Acts 17:1-9
  15. Berea Acts 17:10-14
  16. Athens Acts 17:15-34
  17. Corinth Acts 18:1-17
  18. Cenchreae  Acts 18:18
  19. Ephesus Acts 18:19
  20. Caesarea  Acts 18:22
  21. Jerusalem Acts 18:22
  22. Antioch Acts 18:22
  1. Antioch Acts 18:23
  2. Phrygia/Galatia Acts 18:23-28
  3. Ephesus Acts 19:1-41
  4. Macedonia Acts 20:1
  5. Greece Acts 20:2
  6. Macedonia Acts 20:3-5
  7. Philippi Acts 20:6
  8. Troas Acts 20:6-12
  9. Assos Acts 20:13
  10. Mitylene Acts 20:14
  11. Samos Acts 20:15
  12. Miletus Acts 20:15-38
  13. Cos Acts 21:1
  14. Rhodes Acts 21:1
  15. Patara Acts 21:1
  16. Tyre Acts 21:3-6
  17. Ptolemais Acts 21:7
  18. Caesarea Acts 21:8-14

Charles Swindoll points out that "When we study the journeys of Paul in the book of Acts, we’re not just reading the travel log of a man; we’re observing the redemptive plan of God unfolding as He promised. Through the ministry of Saul of Tarsus, God’s mission to reclaim His creation from the death grip of evil would move to its next stage. The plan of this mission was outlined in the Lord’s promise at His ascension, where He said,

“You will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be My witnesses...

  1. In Jerusalem [Stage 1: Acts 2–7],
  2. and in all Judea and Samaria [Stage 2: Acts 8–12],
  3. and even to the remotest part of the earth [Stage 3: Acts 13–‍28].” (Acts 1:8+)

John Hannah's Outline for Second Missionary Journey

  • The second missionary journey of Paul  (Acts 15:36-18:22)
    1. The preparation for the ministry  (Acts 15:36-16:5)
      1. The conflict between Barnabas and Paul  (Acts 15:36-40)
      2. The confirmation of the churches  (Acts 15:41-16:5)
    2. The ministry in Macedonia  (Acts 16:6-17:15)
      1. The call from Macedonia  (Acts 16:6-10)
      2. Arrival at Samothrace and Neapolis  (Acts 16:11)
      3. Ministry at Philippi  (Acts 16:12-40)
        1. The conversion of Lydia  (Acts 16:12-15)
        2. The demon possessed slave girl  (Acts 16:16-18)
        3. The imprisonment of Paul and Silas  (Acts 16:19-25)
        4. The release of Paul and Silas  (Acts 16:26-27)
        5. The conversion of the jailor  (Acts 16:28-34)
        6. The departure from the city  (Acts 16:35-40)
      4. The ministry in Thessalonica  (Acts 17:1-9)
        1. The message  (Acts 17:1-3)
        2. The response of belief  (Acts 17:4)
        3. The response of unbelief  (Acts 17:5-9)
      5. The ministry in Berea  (Acts 17:10-15)
        1. The ministry  (Acts 17:11-12)
        2. The departure  (Acts 17:13-15)
    3. The ministry in Achaia  (Acts 17:16-18:17)
      1. The ministry in Athens  (Acts 17:16-34)
        1. His message in Athens  (Acts 17:16-30)
        2. The response in Athens  (Acts 17:31-34)
      2. The ministry in Corinth  (Acts 18:1-17)
        1. Arrival in Corinth  (Acts 18:1-4)
        2. His ministry to the Corinthians  (Acts 18:5-11)
        3. The trial before Gallio  (Acts 18:12-17)
    4. The ministry on the return to Antioch  (Acts 18:18-22)
      1. In Cenchrea  (Acts 18:18)
      2. In Ephesus  (Acts 18:19-21)
      3. In Antioch  (Acts 18:22)

Hannah's Bible Outlines - Recommended Resource

Acts 19:1 It happened that while Apollos was at Corinth, Paul passed through the upper country and came to Ephesus, and found some disciples.

KJV Acts 19:1 And it came to pass, that, while Apollos was at Corinth, Paul having passed through the upper coasts came to Ephesus: and finding certain disciples,

  • It happened that - Acts 18:24-28; 1 Cor 1:12; 3:4-7; 16:12
  • Paul passed through the upper country - Acts 18:23
  • came to Ephesus - Acts 18:19-21

Click to enlarge - from the Holman Bible Atlas (digital bookHardcover
copyright © 1998 B&H Publishing Group,
Used by permission, all rights reserved.
This is one of the best resources for Bible maps. 
Please do not reproduce this map on any other webpage.


This journey began in Acts 18:23 and will extend through Acts 21:26.

It happened that while Apollos was at Corinth,

A T Robertson While Apollos was at Corinth . Favourite idiom with Luke, ἐν [en] with the locative of the articular infinitive and the accusative of general reference (Luke 1:8; 2:27, etc.).

Paul passed through the upper country

A T Robertson - The word for “upper” (anōterika) is a late form for ἀνωτερα [anōtera] (Luke 14:10) and occurs in Hippocrates and Galen. It refers to the highlands (cf. Xenophon’s Anabasis) and means that Paul did not travel the usual Roman road west by Colossae and Laodicea in the Lycus Valley, cities that he did not visit (Col. 2:1). Instead he took the more direct road through the Cayster Valley to Ephesus. Codex Bezae says here that Paul wanted to go back to Jerusalem, but that the Holy Spirit bade him to go into Asia where he had been forbidden to go in the second tour (16:6). Whether the upper “parts” (merē]) here points to North Galatia is still a point of dispute among scholars.

And came to Ephesus (picture 1, picture 2)

A T Robertson - So he came again to Ephesus as he had promised to do (Acts 18:21). The province of Asia included the western part of Asia Minor. The Romans took this country B.C. 130. Finally the name was extended to the whole continent. It was a jewel in the Roman empire along with Africa and was a senatorial province. It was full of great cities like Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, Laodicea (the seven churches of Rev. 2 and Rev 3), Colossae, Hierapolis, Apamea, to go no further. Hellenism had full sway here. Ephesus was the capital and chief city and was a richer and larger city than Corinth. It was located at the entrance to the valley of the Maeander to the east. Here was the power of Rome and the splendour of Greek culture and the full tide of oriental superstition and magic. The Temple of Artemis (picture) was one of the seven wonders of the world. While in Ephesus some hold that Paul at this time wrote the Epistle to the Galatians after his recent visit there, some that he did it before his recent visit to Jerusalem. But it is still possible that he wrote it from Corinth just before writing to Rome, a point to discuss later.

And found some disciples.

A T Robertson - Some disciples (tinas mathētas). Who were they? Apollos had already gone to Corinth. They show no connection with Priscilla and Aquila. Luke calls them “disciples” or “learners” (mathētas) because they were evidently sincere though crude and ignorant. There is no reason at all for connecting these uninformed disciples of the Baptist with Apollos. They were floating followers of the Baptist who drifted into Ephesus and whom Paul found. Some of John’s disciples clung to him till his death (John 3:22–25; Luke 7:19; Matt. 14:12). Some of them left Palestine without the further knowledge of Jesus that came after his death and some did not even know that, as turned out to be the case with the group in Ephesus.

Acts 19:2  He said to them, "Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you believed?" And they said to him, "No, we have not even heard whether there is a Holy Spirit."

KJV Acts 19:2 He said unto them, Have ye received the Holy Ghost since ye believed? And they said unto him, We have not so much as heard whether there be any Holy Ghost.

  • Have ye - Acts 19:5; 2:17,38,39; 8:15-17; 10:44; 11:15-17; Ro 1:11
  • We have 1 Samuel 3:7; John 7:39; 1 Cor 6:19; 12:1-11; Gal 3:5

 He said to them, "Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you believed?"

And they said to him, "No, we have not even heard whether there is a Holy Spirit."

Acts 19:3  And he said, "Into what then were you baptized?" And they said, "Into John's baptism."

KJV Acts 19:3 And he said unto them, Unto what then were ye baptized? And they said, Unto John's baptism.

  • Unto what Mt 28:19; 1 Cor 12:13
  • Unto John's - Acts 18:25; Mt 3:1-17; Luke 3:1-38

 And he said, "Into what then were you baptized?"

And they said, "Into John's baptism."

Acts 19:4  Paul said, "John baptized with the baptism of repentance, telling the people to believe in Him who was coming after him, that is, in Jesus."

KJV Acts 19:4 Then said Paul, John verily baptized with the baptism of repentance, saying unto the people, that they should believe on him which should come after him, that is, on Christ Jesus.

  • John - Acts 1:5; 11:16; 13:23-25; Mt 3:11,12; 11:3-5; 21:25-32; Mark 1:1-12; Luke 1:76-79; 3:16-18; John 1:15,27,29-34; 3:28-36; 5:33-35

aul said, "John baptized with the baptism of repentance, telling the people to believe in Him who was coming after him, that is, in Jesus."

Acts 19:5  When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus

KJV Acts 19:5 When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.

  • they - Acts 2:38; 8:12,16; Ro 6:3,4; 1 Cor 1:13-15; 10:2

 When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus

Acts 19:6  And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Spirit came on them, and they began speaking with tongues and prophesying

KJV Acts 19:6 And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Ghost came on them; and they spake with tongues, and prophesied.

  • laid - Acts 6:6; 8:17-19; 9:17; 1 Ti 5:22; 2 Ti 1:6
  • the Holy Ghost - Acts 2:4; 10:45,46; 13:2; 1 Cor 12:8-11,28-30
  • and prophesied 1 Cor 14:1-25

And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Spirit came on them, and they began speaking with tongues and prophesying

Acts 19:7  There were in all about twelve men


Acts 19:8  And he entered the synagogue and continued speaking out boldly for three months, reasoning and persuading them about the kingdom of God

KJV Acts 19:8 And he went into the synagogue, and spake boldly for the space of three months, disputing and persuading the things concerning the kingdom of God.

  • went - Acts 13:14,46; 14:1; 26:22,23
  • disputing - Acts 19:9; 1:3; 9:20-22; 17:1-3,17; 18:4,19; 28:23; Jude 1:3

Acts 19:9  But when some were becoming hardened and disobedient, speaking evil of the Way before the people, he withdrew from them and took away the disciples, reasoning daily in the school of Tyrannus

KJV Acts 19:9 But when divers were hardened, and believed not, but spake evil of that way before the multitude, he departed from them, and separated the disciples, disputing daily in the school of one Tyrannus.

  • Cir A.M. 4061. A.D. 57. divers. - Acts 7:51; 13:45,46; 18:6; 2 Kings 17:14; 2 Chronicles 30:8; 36:16; Nehemiah 9:16,17,29; Ps 95:8; Isaiah 8:14; Jeremiah 7:26; 19:15; John 12:40; Ro 9:18; 11:7; *marg:; Hebrews 3:13
  • but spake - Acts 19:23; 9:2; 22:4; 24:21; 28:22; 2 Ti 1:15; 2 Peter 2:2,12; Jude 1:10
  • he departed - Acts 14:4; 17:4; 18:7,8; Mt 15:14; 16:4; Luke 12:51-53; 1 Ti 6:5; 2 Ti 3:5
  • daily - Acts 20:31; Proverbs 8:34; Mt 26:55; 2 Ti 4:2

Acts 19:10 This took place for two years, so that all who lived in Asia heard the word of the Lord, both Jews and Greeks.

KJV Acts 19:10 And this continued by the space of two years; so that all they which dwelt in Asia heard the word of the Lord Jesus, both Jews and Greeks.

  • this - Acts 18:11; 20:18,31; Ro 10:18
  • Asia - Acts 16:6; 2 Ti 1:15; 1 Peter 1:1; Revelation 1:4,11
  • both - Acts 18:4; 20:20,21; Ro 1:16; 10:12; 1 Cor 1:22-24; Gal 3:28; Col 3:11

Acts 19:11   God was performing extraordinary miracles by the hands of Paul,

KJV Acts 19:11 And God wrought special miracles by the hands of Paul:

  • Acts 5:12; 14:3; 15:12; 16:18; Mark 16:17-20; John 14:12; Ro 15:18,19; Gal 3:5; Hebrews 2:4

Acts 19:12 so that handkerchiefs or aprons were even carried from his body to the sick, and the diseases left them and the evil spirits went out

KJV Acts 19:12 So that from his body were brought unto the sick handkerchiefs or aprons, and the diseases departed from them, and the evil spirits went out of them.

  • Acts 5:15; 2 Kings 4:29-31; 13:20,21

Acts 19:13   But also some of the Jewish exorcists, who went from place to place, attempted to name over those who had the evil spirits the name of the Lord Jesus, saying, "I adjure you by Jesus whom Paul preaches.

KJV Acts 19:13 Then certain of the vagabond Jews, exorcists, took upon them to call over them which had evil spirits the name of the Lord Jesus, saying, We adjure you by Jesus whom Paul preacheth.

  • vagabond Genesis 4:12,14; Ps 109:10
  • exorcists Mt 12:27; Luke 11:19
  • took - Acts 8:18,19; Mark 9:38; Luke 9:49
  • adjure Joshua 6:26; 1 Samuel 14:24; 1 Kings 22:16; Mt 26:63; Mark 5:7

Acts 19:14 Seven sons of one Sceva, a Jewish chief priest, were doing this


Acts 19:15 And the evil spirit answered and said to them, "I recognize Jesus, and I know about Paul, but who are you?

KJV Acts 19:15 And the evil spirit answered and said, Jesus I know, and Paul I know; but who are ye?

  • Acts 16:17,18; Genesis 3:1-5; 1 Kings 22:21-23; Mt 8:29-31; Mark 1:24,34; 5:9-13; Luke 4:33-35; 8:28-32

Acts 19:16 And the man, in whom was the evil spirit, leaped on them and subdued all of them and overpowered them, so that they fled out of that house naked and wounded

KJV Acts 19:16 And the man in whom the evil spirit was leaped on them, and overcame them, and prevailed against them, so that they fled out of that house naked and wounded.

  • Mark 5:3,4,15; Luke 8:29,35

Acts 19:17 This became known to all, both Jews and Greeks, who lived in Ephesus; and fear fell upon them all and the name of the Lord Jesus was being magnified

KJV Acts 19:17 And this was known to all the Jews and Greeks also dwelling at Ephesus; and fear fell on them all, and the name of the Lord Jesus was magnified.

  • and fear - Acts 2:43; 5:5,11,13; 13:12; Leviticus 10:3; 1 Samuel 6:20; 2 Samuel 6:9; Ps 64:9; Luke 1:65; Luke 7:16
  • the name Php 1:20; 2:9-11; 2 Th 1:12; 3:1; Hebrews 2:8,9; Revelation 5:12-14

Acts 19:18 Many also of those who had believed kept coming, confessing and disclosing their practices

KJV Acts 19:18  And many that believed came, and confessed, and shewed their deeds.

  • confessed Leviticus 16:21; 26:40; Job 33:27,28; Ps 32:5; Proverbs 28:13; Jeremiah 3:13; Ezekiel 16:63; 36:31; Mt 3:6; Ro 10:10; 1 John 1:9

Acts 19:19 19  And many of those who practiced magic brought their books together and began burning them in the sight of everyone; and they counted up the price of them and found it fifty thousand pieces of silver

KJV Acts 19:19 Many of them also which used curious arts brought their books together, and burned them before all men: and they counted the price of them, and found it fifty thousand pieces of silver.

  • used - Acts 8:9-11; 13:6,8; Exodus 7:11,22; Deuteronomy 18:10-12; 1 Samuel 28:7-9; 1 Chronicles 10:13; 2 Chronicles 33:6; Isaiah 8:19; 47:12,13; Daniel 2:2
  • curious [periergos (periðergov)] curious, that is, magical arts, in which sense the word is used in the Greek writers. The study of magic was prosecuted with such zeal at Ephesus, that [Ephesios gramma
  • and burned Genesis 35:4; Exodus 32:20; Deuteronomy 7:25,26; Isaiah 2:20,21; 30:22; Mt 5:29,30; Luke 14:33; Hebrews 10:34
  • fifty Probably Attic drachms; which at 7.®d. each, would amount to 1,562£. 10s. or at, 9d. each, to 1,875£.

Acts 19:20 So the word of the Lord was growing mightily and prevailing.

KJV Acts 19:20  So mightily grew the word of God and prevailed.

  • - Acts 6:7; 12:24; Isaiah 55:11; 2 Th 3:1

Acts 19:21 Now after these things were finished, Paul purposed in the spirit to go to Jerusalem after he had passed through Macedonia and Achaia, saying, "After I have been there, I must also see Rome."

KJV Acts 19:21 After these things were ended, Paul purposed in the spirit, when he had passed through Macedonia and Achaia, to go to Jerusalem, saying, After I have been there, I must also see Rome.

  • Cir A.M. 4063. A.D. 59. these. Ro 15:25-28; Gal 2:1
  • purposed - Acts 16:6-10; 18:21; 20:22; Lamentations 3:37; Ro 1:13; 2 Cor 1:15-18
  • when - Acts 20:1-6
  • to go - Acts 20:16,22; 21:4,11-15,17; 24:17,18; Ro 15:25,26
  • I must - Acts 18:21; 23:11; 25:10-12; 27:1,24; 28:16,30,31; Ro 1:15; 15:23-29; Php 1:12-14

Acts 19:22 And having sent into Macedonia two of those who ministered to him, Timothy and Erastus, he himself stayed in Asia for a while.

KJV Acts 19:22 So he sent into Macedonia two of them that ministered unto him, Timotheus and Erastus; but he himself stayed in Asia for a season.

  • Macedonia - Acts 16:9,10; 18:5; 20:1; 2 Cor 1:16; 2:13; 8:1; 11:9; 1 Th 1:8
  • that ministered - Acts 13:5; 16:3
  • Erastus Ro 16:23; 2 Ti 4:20

Acts 19:23 About that time there occurred no small disturbance concerning the Way.

KJV Acts 19:23 And the same time there arose no small stir about that way.

  • there 2 Cor 1:8-10; 6:9
  • that - Acts 19:9; 9:2; 18:26; 22:4; 24:14,22

Acts 19:24 For a man named Demetrius, a silversmith, who made silver shrines of Artemis, was bringing no little business to the craftsmen;

KJV Acts 19:24 For a certain man named Demetrius, a silversmith, which made silver shrines for Diana, brought no small gain unto the craftsmen;

  • [Naus] temples, probably portable silver models of the temple of Diana, and small images of the goddess, somewhat like the Santa Casa purchased by pilgrims at Loretto.
  • Diana - Acts 19:27,28,34,35
  • brought - Acts 16:16; Isaiah 56:11,12; 1 Ti 6:9,10

Acts 19:25 these he gathered together with the workmen of similar trades, and said, "Men, you know that our prosperity depends upon this business.

KJV Acts 19:25 Whom he called together with the workmen of like occupation, and said, Sirs, ye know that by this craft we have our wealth.

  • ye know - Acts 16:19; Hosea 4:8; 12:7,8; 2 Peter 2:3; Revelation 18:3,11-19

Acts 19:26 "You see and hear that not only in Ephesus, but in almost all of Asia, this Paul has persuaded and turned away a considerable number of people, saying that gods made with hands are no gods at all.

KJV Acts 19:26 Moreover ye see and hear, that not alone at Ephesus, but almost throughout all Asia, this Paul hath persuaded and turned away much people, saying that they be no gods, which are made with hands:

  • that not - Acts 19:10,18-20; 1 Cor 16:8,9; 1 Th 1:9
  • that they - Acts 14:15; 17:29; Ps 115:4-8; 135:15-18; Isaiah 44:10-20; 46:5-8; Jeremiah 10:3-5,11,14,15; Hosea 8:6; 1 Cor 8:4; 10:19,20; 12:2; Gal 4:8
  • made

Acts 19:27 "Not only is there danger that this trade of ours fall into disrepute, but also that the temple of the great goddess Artemis be regarded as worthless and that she whom all of Asia and the world worship will even be dethroned from her magnificence."

KJV Acts 19:27 So that not only this our craft is in danger to be set at nought; but also that the temple of the great goddess Diana should be despised, and her magnificence should be destroyed, whom all Asia and the world worshippeth.

  • that not - Acts 19:21; Zephaniah 2:11; Mt 23:14; 1 Ti 6:5
  • whom 1 John 5:19; Revelation 13:3,8

Acts 19:28 And when they heard this and were filled with rage, they began crying out, saying, "Great is Artemis of the Ephesians!"

KJV Acts 19:28 And when they heard these sayings, they were full of wrath, and cried out, saying, Great is Diana of the Ephesians.

  • they - Acts 7:54; 16:19-24; 21:28-31; Ps 2:2; Revelation 12:12
  • and cried - Acts 19:34,35; 1 Samuel 5:3-5; 1 Kings 18:26-29; Isaiah 41:5-7; Jeremiah 50:38; Revelation 13:4; Revelation 17:13

Acts 19:29 The city was filled with the confusion, and they rushed with one accord into the theater, dragging along Gaius and Aristarchus, Paul's traveling companions from Macedonia.

KJV Acts 19:29  And the whole city was filled with confusion: and having caught Gaius and Aristarchus, men of Macedonia, Paul's companions in travel, they rushed with one accord into the theatre.

  • the whole - Acts 19:32; 17:8; 21:30,38
  • Gaius Ro 16:23; 1 Cor 1:14
  • Aristarchus - Acts 20:4; 27:2; Col 4:10; Philemon 1:24
  • Macedonia Macedonia, an extensive province of Greece, was bounded on the north by the mountains of Haemus, on the south by Epirus and Achaia, on the east by the Aegean sea and Thrace, and on the west by the Adriatic sea; celebrated in all histories as being the third kingdom which, under Alexander the Great, obtained the empire of the world, and had under it 150 nations. the theatre 1 Cor 4:9; *Gr:

Acts 19:30 And when Paul wanted to go into the assembly, the disciples would not let him.

KJV Acts 19:30  And when Paul would have entered in unto the people, the disciples suffered him not.

  • Paul - Acts 14:14-18; 17:22-31; 21:39
  • the disciples 2 Samuel 18:2,3; 21:17

Acts 19:31 Also some of the Asiarchs who were friends of his sent to him and repeatedly urged him not to venture into the theater.

KJV Acts 19:31 And certain of the chief of Asia, which were his friends, sent unto him, desiring him that he would not adventure himself into the theatre.

  • the chief - Acts 19:10; 16:6; Proverbs 16:7
  • desiring - Acts 21:12

Acts 19:32 So then, some were shouting one thing and some another, for the assembly was in confusion and the majority did not know for what reason they had come together.

KJV Acts 19:32 Some therefore cried one thing, and some another: for the assembly was confused; and the more part knew not wherefore they were come together.

  • cried - Acts 19:29; 21:34
  • and the - Acts 19:40; Mt 11:7-9; Luke 7:24-26

Acts 19:33 Some of the crowd concluded it was Alexander, since the Jews had put him forward; and having motioned with his hand, Alexander was intending to make a defense to the assembly.

KJV Acts 19:33 And they drew Alexander out of the multitude, the Jews putting him forward. And Alexander beckoned with the hand, and would have made his defence unto the people.

  • Alexander 1 Ti 1:20; 2 Ti 4:14
  • beckoned - Acts 12:17; 13:16; 21:40; 24:10; Luke 1:22
  • his - Acts 22:1; 26:1,2; Php 1:7

Acts 19:34 But when they recognized that he was a Jew, a single outcry arose from them all as they shouted for about two hours, "Great is Artemis of the Ephesians!"

KJV Acts 19:34 But when they knew that he was a Jew, all with one voice about the space of two hours cried out, Great is Diana of the Ephesians.

  • they knew - Acts 19:26; 16:20; Ro 2:22
  • all 1 Kings 18:26; Mt 6:7
  • Great - Acts 19:28; Revelation 13:4

Acts 19:35 After quieting the crowd, the town clerk said^, "Men of Ephesus, what man is there after all who does not know that the city of the Ephesians is guardian of the temple of the great Artemis and of the image which fell down from heaven?

KJV Acts 19:35  And when the townclerk had appeased the people, he said, Ye men of Ephesus, what man is there that knoweth not how that the city of the Ephesians is a worshipper of the great goddess Diana, and of the image which fell down from Jupiter?

  • Ye men Ephesians 2:12
  • a worshipper Gr. the temple-keeper. and of. - Acts 19:26; 2 Th 2:10,11; 1 Ti 4:2
  • Jupiter - Acts 14:12,13

Acts 19:36 "So, since these are undeniable facts, you ought to keep calm and to do nothing rash.

KJV Acts 19:36 Seeing then that these things cannot be spoken against, ye ought to be quiet, and to do nothing rashly.

  • ye ought - Acts 5:35-39; Proverbs 14:29; 25:8

Acts 19:37  "For you have brought these men here who are neither robbers of temples nor blasphemers of our goddess.

KJV Acts 19:37 For ye have brought hither these men, which are neither robbers of churches, nor yet blasphemers of your goddess.

  • which - Acts 25:8; 1 Cor 10:32; 2 Cor 6:3

Acts 19:38  "So then, if Demetrius and the craftsmen who are with him have a complaint against any man, the courts are in session and proconsuls are available; let them bring charges against one another.

KJV Acts 19:38  Wherefore if Demetrius, and the craftsmen which are with him, have a matter against any man, the law is open, and there are deputies: let them implead one another.

  • Demetrius have - Acts 18:14; Deuteronomy 17:8; 1 Cor 6:1
  • the law is open or, the court-days are kept.

Proconsuls (KJV = "deputy")(5119)(anthupatos from anti = instead of + hupatos = highest, supreme, consul) literally means instead of a consul. A proconsul was a governor of a senatorial province in the Roman Empire. The Greeks used to word consul because after the expulsion of the kings, the consuls had the supreme or highest authority in the Roman government. "A proconsul, a person sent as governor into a Roman province with consular power which was very intensive. Augustus, at the beginning of his reign, divided the provinces into two parts; one of which he gave wholly over to the people, and the other which he reserved for himself. After this, the governors who were sent into the first division bore the name of proconsuls though they were denied the whole military power, and so fell short of the old proconsuls." (Complete Word Study Dictionary)

Acts 19:39  "But if you want anything beyond this, it shall be settled in the lawful assembly.

KJV Acts 19:39 But if ye enquire any thing concerning other matters, it shall be determined in a lawful assembly.

Acts 19:40 "For indeed we are in danger of being accused of a riot in connection with today's events, since there is no real cause for it, and in this connection we will be unable to account for this disorderly gathering."

KJV Acts 19:40  For we are in danger to be called in question for this day's uproar, there being no cause whereby we may give an account of this concourse.

  • we are - Acts 17:5-8
  • uproar - Acts 20:1; 21:31,38; 1 Kings 1:41; Mt 26:5

Acts 19:41 41  After saying this he dismissed the assembly.

KJV Acts 19:41  And when he had thus spoken, he dismissed the assembly.

  • when Proverbs 15:1,2; Ecclesiastes 9:17
  • he dismissed Ps 65:7; 2 Cor 1:8-10