Acts 28 Commentary


Click chart to enlarge
Chart from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission

THE EXPANDING WITNESS OF THE SPIRIT-EMPOWERED CHURCH


Click chart to enlarge

John Hannah's Outline for Third  Missionary Journey (see map)

  • The third missionary journey of Paul  (Acts 18:23-21:16)
    1. The ministry in Galatia and Phrygia  (Acts 18:23)
    2. The ministry in Ephesus  (Acts 18:24-19:41)
      1. Instruction of Apollos  (Acts 18:24-28)
      2. Instruction of some of John's followers  (Acts 19:1-7)
      3. Instruction of the Ephesians  (Acts 19:8-20)
      4. Instructions concerning his plans  (Acts 19:21-22)
      5. The riots in Ephesus  (Acts 19:23-41)
    3. The ministry in Macedonia and Achaia  (Acts 20:1-5)
    4. The ministry in Troas  (Acts 20:6-12)
    5. The ministry in Miletus  (Acts 20:13-38)
      1. His journey to Miletus  (Acts 20:13-16)
      2. His message to the Ephesian elders  (Acts 20:17-35)
        1. Concerning his ministry  (Acts 20:17-27)
        2. Concerning the church  (Acts 20:28-35)
      3. His farewell to the Ephesians  (Acts 20:36-38)
    6. The  ministry at Tyre  (Acts 21:1-6)
      1. His journey to Tyre  (Acts 21:1-3)
      2. His ministry in Tyre  (Acts 21:4-6)
    7. The ministry in Caesarea  (Acts 21:7-16)
      1. Agabus' prediction  (Acts 21:7-12)
      2. Paul's reply  (Acts 21:13-14)
      3. The journey toward Jerusalem  (Acts 21:15-16)
  • The journey of Paul to Rome  (Acts 21:17-28:31)
    1. His witness in Jerusalem  (Acts 21:17-23:35)
      1. Paul's report to the elders  (Acts 21:17-26)
      2. Paul's arrest  (Acts 21:27-36)
      3. Paul's defense  (Acts 21:37-23:10)
        1. His first defense  (Acts 21:37-22:23)
          1. The background  (Acts 21:37-40)
          2. The content  (Acts 22:1-21)
          3. The result  (Acts 22:22-23)
        2. His second defense  (Acts 22:24-23:10)
          1. The background  (Acts 22:24-29)
          2. The council  (Acts 22:30)
          3. The content  (Acts 23:1-9)
          4. The conflict  (Acts 23:10)
      4. Paul's deliverance  (Acts 23:11-35)
        1. The encouragement  (Acts 23:11)
        2. The plot  (Acts 23:12-16)
        3. The counterplot  (Acts 23:17-24)
        4. The letter to Felix  (Acts 23:25-30)
        5. The deliverance to Felix  (Acts 23:31-35)
    2. His witness in Caesarea  (Acts 24:1-26:32)
      1. Paul's defense before Felix  (Acts 24:1-27)
        1. The setting  (Acts 24:1)
        2. The accusations of Tertullus  (Acts 24:2-9)
        3. The reply of Paul  (Acts 24:10-21)
        4. The consequences  (Acts 24:22-27)
      2. Paul's defense before Festus  (Acts 25:1-12)
        1. The setting  (Acts 25:1-5)
        2. The trial  (Acts 25:6-11)
        3. The result  (Acts 25:12)
      3. Paul's defense before Agrippa  (Acts 25:13-26:32)
        1. The arrival of Agrippa  (Acts 25:13)
        2. Festus' presentation of Paul's case  (Acts 25:14-22)
        3. Festus' presentation of Paul  (Acts 25:23-27)
        4. Paul's defense before Agrippa  (Acts 26:1-23)
        5. Paul's answer to Festus  (Acts 26:24-26)
        6. Paul's interaction with Agrippa  (Acts 26:27-29)
        7. The conclusion  (Acts 26:30-32)
    3. His witness on the way to Rome  (Acts 27:1-28:15)
      1. His witness aboard ship  (Acts 27:1-44)
      2. His witness on Malta  (Acts 28:1-15)
        1. Paul's miraculous preservation  (Acts 28:1-6)
        2. Paul's healing of Publius' father  (Acts 28:7-10)
        3. Paul's continued journey toward Rome  (Acts 28:11-15)
    4. His witness in Rome  (Acts 28:16-31)
      1. The occasion for his witness  (Acts 28:16-22)
      2. The content of his witness  (Acts 28:23-28)
      3. The result of his witness  (Acts 28:29)
      4. The summary of Paul's witness in Rome  (Acts 28:30-31)
  • Hannah's Bible Outlines - Recommended Resource

PAUL'S JOURNEY TO ROME
Acts 27:1-28:16
DEPARTURE > DESTINATION MILES
Jerusalem to Caesarea 65
Caesarea to Sidon 70
Sidon to Myra 500
Myra to Cnidus 130
Cnidus to Salmone 130
Salmone to Fair Havens 80
Fair Havens to Phoenix 40
Phoenix to Cauda 50
Cauda to Malta 500+
Malta to Syracuse 85
Syracuse to Rhegium 85
Rhegium to Puteoli 200
Puteoli to Forum of Appius 100
Forum of Appius to Three Taverns 10
Three Taverns to Rome 35
Approximate Distance Traveled 2,130

Note click names of the places above that have active links to go to verse and the related map. 

Note regarding map below (click map to enlarge) - This excellent map is from the Holman Bible Atlas which is available for purchase in digital book and Hardcover/Paperback versions and is copyright © 1998 B&H Publishing Group, and is used by permission with all rights reserved. The Holman Bible Atlas is one of the best resources for Bible maps as all of the maps also include helpful short descriptions of the events portrayed. Please do not download for use on another website. Thank you.

Acts 28:1 When they had been brought safely through, then we found out that the island was called Malta.

  • the island- Ac 27:26,44 

MYRA > MALTA
Click to Enlarge

When they had been brought safely through, then we found out that the island was called Malta

Acts 28:2  The natives showed us extraordinary kindness; for because of the rain that had set in and because of the cold, they kindled a fire and received us all.

  • barbarous - Ac 28:4 Ro 1:14 1Co 14:11 Col 3:11 
  • showed - Ac 27:3 Lev 19:18,34 Pr 24:11,12 Mt 10:42 Lu 10:30-37 Ro 2:14,15,27 Heb 13:2 
  • because - Ezra 10:9 Joh 18:18 2Co 11:27 

The natives showed us extraordinary kindness; for because of the rain that had set in and because of the cold, they kindled a fire and received us al

Acts 28:3  But when Paul had gathered a bundle of sticks and laid them on the fire, a viper came out because of the heat and fastened itself on his hand.

  • came - Job 20:16 Isa 30:6 41:24 59:5 Mt 3:7 12:34 23:33 
  • fastened - Ac 28:4 Am 5:19 2Co 6:9 11:23 

But when Paul had gathered a bundle of sticks and laid them on the fire, a viper came out because of the heat and fastened itself on his hand

Acts 28:4  When the natives saw the creature hanging from his hand, they began saying to one another, "Undoubtedly this man is a murderer, and though he has been saved from the sea, justice has not allowed him to live."

  • barbarians - Ac 28:2 
  • beast - Ac 28:5 Ge 3:1 Isa 13:21,22 43:20 Zep 2:15 
  • No doubt - Lu 13:2,4 Joh 7:24 9:1,2 
  • a murderer - Ge 4:8-11 9:5,6 42:21,22 Nu 35:31-34 Pr 28:17 Isa 26:21 Mt 23:35 27:25 Rev 21:8 

When the natives saw the creature hanging from his hand, they began saying to one another, "Undoubtedly this man is a murderer, and though he has been saved from the sea, justice has not allowed him to live.

Acts 28:5  However he shook the creature off into the fire and suffered no harm.

  • felt - Nu 21:6-9 Ps 91:13 Mk 16:18 Lu 10:19 Joh 3:14,15 Ro 16:20 Rev 9:3,4 

However he shook the creature off into the fire and suffered no harm.

Acts 28:6  But they were expecting that he was about to swell up or suddenly fall down dead. But after they had waited a long time and had seen nothing unusual happen to him, they changed their minds and began to say that he was a god.

  • said - Ac 12:22 14:11-13 Mt 21:9 27:22 

But they were expecting that he was about to swell up or suddenly fall down dead. But after they had waited a long time and had seen nothing unusual happen to him, they changed their minds and began to say that he was a god

Acts 28:7  Now in the neighborhood of that place were lands belonging to the leading man of the island, named Publius, who welcomed us and entertained us courteously three days.

  • the chief - Ac 13:7 18:12 23:24 
  • who - Ac 28:2 Mt 10:40,41 Lu 19:6-9 

Now in the neighborhood of that place were lands belonging to the leading man of the island, named Publius, who welcomed us and entertained us courteously three days

Acts 28:8  And it happened that the father of Publius was lying in bed afflicted with recurrent fever and dysentery; and Paul went in to see him and after he had prayed, he laid his hands on him and healed him.

  • the father - Mk 1:30,31 
  • prayed - Ac 9:40 1Ki 17:20-22 Jas 5:14-16 
  • laid - Ac 9:17,18 19:11,12 Mt 9:18 Mk 6:5 7:32 16:18 Lu 4:40 13:13 
  • and healed - Mt 10:1,8 Lu 9:1-3 10:8,9 1Co 12:9,28 

And it happened that the father of Publius was lying in bed afflicted with recurrent fever and dysentery; and Paul went in to see him and after he had prayed, he laid his hands on him and healed him

Acts 28:9  After this had happened, the rest of the people on the island who had diseases were coming to him and getting cured.

  • others - Ac 5:12,15 Mt 4:24 Mk 6:54-56 

After this had happened, the rest of the people on the island who had diseases were coming to him and getting cured.

Acts 28:10  They also honored us with many marks of respect; and when we were setting sail, they supplied us with all we needed.

  • honoured - Mt 15:5,6 1Th 2:6 1Ti 5:3,4,17,18 
  • laded - 2Ki 8:9 Ezr 7:27 Mt 6:31-34 10:8-10 2Co 8:2-6 9:5-11 Php 4:11,12,19 

They also honored us with many marks of respect; and when we were setting sail, they supplied us with all we needed.

Acts 28:11  At the end of three months we set sail on an Alexandrian ship which had wintered at the island, and which had the Twin Brothers for its figurehead.

  • a ship - Ac 6:9 27:6 
  • whose - Isa 45:20 Jon 1:5,16 1Co 8:4 

At the end of three months we set sail on an Alexandrian ship which had wintered at the island, and which had the Twin Brothers for its figurehead.

Acts 28:12  After we put in at Syracuse, we stayed there for three days.
 


MALTA > SYRACUSE
Click to enlarge

After we put in at Syracuse, we stayed there for three days

Acts 28:13  From there we sailed around and arrived at Rhegium, and a day later a south wind sprang up, and on the second day we came to Puteoli.

Puteoli - Puteoli, now Puzzuoli, is an ancient sea-port of Campania, in the kingdom of Naples, about eight miles S. W. of that city, standing upon a hill in a creek opposite to Baiae.


SYRACUSE > RHEGIUM
Click to enlarge

From there we sailed around and arrived at Rhegium, and a day later a south wind sprang up, and on the second day we came to Puteoli.

Acts 28:14  There we found some brethren, and were invited to stay with them for seven days; and thus we came to Rome.

  • we found - Ac 9:42,43 19:1 21:4,7,8 Ps 119:63 Mt 10:11 
  • and were - Ac 20:6 Ge 7:4 8:10-12 

There we found some brethren, and were invited to stay with them for seven days; and thus we came to Rome

Acts 28:15  And the brethren, when they heard about us, came from there as far as the Market of Appius and Three Inns to meet us; and when Paul saw them, he thanked God and took courage.

  • when - Ac 10:25 21:5 Ex 4:14 Joh 12:13 Ro 15:24 Ga 4:14 Heb 13:3 3Jn 1:6-8 
  • Appii forum - Appii Forum, now Borgo Longo, was an ancient city of the Volsci, fifty miles S. of Rome.
  • Three Inns  (taverns) - The Three Taverns was a place in the Appian Way, thirty miles from Rome.
  • he thanked God and took courage - Jos 1:6,7,9 1Sa 30:6 Ps 27:14 1Co 12:21,22 2Co 2:14 7:5-7 1Th 3:7 

APPIUS > THREE INNS > ROME
Click to enlarge

 And the brethren, when they heard about us, came from there as far as the Market of Appius and Three Inns to meet us; and when Paul saw them, he thanked God and took courage.


APPIAN WAY
Click to enlarge

Acts 28:16  When we entered Rome, Paul was allowed to stay by himself, with the soldier who was guarding him.

  • Rome - Ac 2:10 18:2 19:21 23:11 Ro 1:7-15 15:22-29 Rev 17:9,18 
  • the centurion - Ac 27:3,31,43 
  • captain - Ge 37:36 2Ki 25:8 Jer 40:2 
  • but - Ac 28:30,31 24:23 27:3 Ge 39:21-23 

ANCIENT ROME
Click to enlarge

When we entered Rome, Paul was allowed to stay by himself, with the soldier who was guarding him

Acts 28:17  After three days Paul called together those who were the leading men of the Jews, and when they came together, he began saying to them, "Brethren, though I had done nothing against our people or the customs of our fathers, yet I was delivered as a prisoner from Jerusalem into the hands of the Romans.

  • though - Ac 23:1-11 24:10-16 25:8,10 Ge 40:15 
  • was - Ac 21:33-40 23:33 

After three days Paul called together those who were the leading men of the Jews, and when they came together, he began saying to them, "Brethren, though I had done nothing against our people or the customs of our fathers, yet I was delivered as a prisoner from Jerusalem into the hands of the Romans.

Acts 28:18  "And when they had examined me, they were willing to release me because there was no ground for putting me to death.

  • Ac 22:24,25,30 24:10,22 25:7,8 26:31 

And when they had examined me, they were willing to release me because there was no ground for putting me to death

Acts 28:19  "But when the Jews objected, I was forced to appeal to Caesar, not that I had any accusation against my nation.

  • I was - Ac 25:10-12,21,25 26:32 
  • not - Ro 12:19-21 1Pe 2:22,23 

But when the Jews objected, I was forced to appeal to Caesar, not that I had any accusation against my nation

Acts 28:20  "For this reason, therefore, I requested to see you and to speak with you, for I am wearing this chain for the sake of the hope of Israel."

  • this cause - Ac 28:17 10:29,33 
  • for the - Ac 23:6 24:15 26:6,7 
  • this chain -  (Eph 6:20;) Ac 26:29 Eph 3:1 4:1 6:20 Php 1:13 Col 4:18 2Ti 1:10 2:9 Phm 1:10,13 

For this reason, therefore, I requested to see you and to speak with you, for I am wearing this chain for the sake of the hope of Israel

Acts 28:21  They said to him, "We have neither received letters from Judea concerning you, nor have any of the brethren come here and reported or spoken anything bad about you.

  • We - Ex 11:7 Isa 41:11 50:8 54:17 

They said to him, "We have neither received letters from Judea concerning you, nor have any of the brethren come here and reported or spoken anything bad about you.

Acts 28:22  "But we desire to hear from you what your views are; for concerning this sect, it is known to us that it is spoken against everywhere."

  • for - Ac 16:20,21 17:6,7 24:5,6,14 Lu 2:34 1Pe 2:12 3:16 4:14-16 
  • sect - Ac 5:17 15:5 26:5 1Co 11:19

But we desire to hear from you what your views are; for concerning this sect, it is known to us that it is spoken against everywhere."

Acts 28:23  When they had set a day for Paul, they came to him at his lodging in large numbers; and he was explaining to them by solemnly testifying about the kingdom of God and trying to persuade them concerning Jesus, from both the Law of Moses and from the Prophets, from morning until evening.

  • there came - Phm 1:2 
  • he expounded - Ac 17:2,3 18:4,28 19:8 26:22,23 
  • both - Ac 26:6,22 Lu 24:26,27,44 
  • from - Ac 20:9-11  Joh 4:34 

When they had set a day for Paul, they came to him at his lodging in large numbers; and he was explaining to them by solemnly testifying about the kingdom of God and trying to persuade them concerning Jesus, from both the Law of Moses and from the Prophets, from morning until evening

Acts 28:24  Some were being persuaded by the things spoken, but others would not believe.

  • Acts 13:48-50 Acts 14:4 Acts 17:4,5 Acts 18:6-8 Acts 19:8,9 Ro 3:3 Ro 11:4-6 

Some were being persuaded by the things spoken, but others would not believe

Acts 28:25  And when they did not agree with one another, they began leaving after Paul had spoken one parting word, "The Holy Spirit rightly spoke through Isaiah the prophet to your fathers,

  • when they did not agree with one another, - Ac 28:29 
  • Holy Spirit rightly spoke through Isaiah the prophet - Mt 15:7 Mk 7:6 2Pe 1:21 

 And when they did not agree with one another, they began leaving after Paul had spoken one parting word, "The Holy Spirit rightly spoke through Isaiah the prophet to your fathers

Acts 28:26  saying, 'GO TO THIS PEOPLE AND SAY, "YOU WILL KEEP ON HEARING, BUT WILL NOT UNDERSTAND; AND YOU WILL KEEP ON SEEING, BUT WILL NOT PERCEIVE;

  • Go - Isa 6:9,10 Eze 12:2 Mt 13:14,15 Mk 4:12 Lu 8:10 Joh 12:38-40 Ro 11:8-10 
  • Hearing - De 29:4 Ps 81:11,12 Isa 29:10,14 42:19,20 66:4 Jer 5:21 Eze 3:6,7 12:2 Mk 8:17,18 Lu 24:25,45 2Co 4:4-6 

saying, 'GO TO THIS PEOPLE AND SAY, "YOU WILL KEEP ON HEARING, BUT WILL NOT UNDERSTAND; AND YOU WILL KEEP ON SEEING, BUT WILL NOT PERCEIVE

Acts 28:27  FOR THE HEART OF THIS PEOPLE HAS BECOME DULL, AND WITH THEIR EARS THEY SCARCELY HEAR, AND THEY HAVE CLOSED THEIR EYES; OTHERWISE THEY MIGHT SEE WITH THEIR EYES, AND HEAR WITH THEIR EARS, AND UNDERSTAND WITH THEIR HEART AND RETURN, AND I WOULD HEAL THEM."'

FOR THE HEART OF THIS PEOPLE HAS BECOME DULL, AND WITH THEIR EARS THEY SCARCELY HEAR, AND THEY HAVE CLOSED THEIR EYES; OTHERWISE THEY MIGHT SEE WITH THEIR EYES, AND HEAR WITH THEIR EARS, AND UNDERSTAND WITH THEIR HEART AND RETURN, AND I WOULD HEAL THEM.

Acts 28:28  "Therefore let it be known to you that this salvation of God has been sent to the Gentiles; they will also listen."

  • it be known - Ac 2:14 4:10 13:38 Eze 36:32 
  • this salvation - Ps 98:2,3 Isa 49:6 52:10 La 3:26 Lu 2:30-32 3:6 
  • has been sent to the Gentiles- Acts 11:18 Acts 13:46,47 Acts 14:27 Acts 15:14,17 Acts 18:6 Acts 22:21 Acts 26:17,18 Mt 21:41-43 Ro 3:29,30 Ro 4:11 Ro 11:11 Ro 15:8-16 

Therefore let it be known to you that this salvation of God has been sent to the Gentiles; they will also listen

Acts 28:29  When he had spoken these words, the Jews departed, having a great dispute among themselves.

  • having a great dispute among themselves - Ac 28:25 Mt 10:34-36 Lu 12:51  Joh 7:40-53 

When he had spoken these words, the Jews departed, having a great dispute among themselves.

Acts 28:30  And he stayed two full years in his own rented quarters and was welcoming all who came to him,

  • he stayed two full years - Ac 28:16 

And he stayed two full years in his own rented quarters and was welcoming all who came to him

Acts 28:31  preaching the kingdom of God and teaching concerning the Lord Jesus Christ with all openness, unhindered.

  • preaching the kingdom of God- Ac 28:23 8:12 20:25 Mt 4:23 Mk 1:14 Lu 8:1 
  • teaching concerning the Lord Jesus Christ - Ac 5:42 23:11 
  • with all openness, unhindered - Ac 4:29,31 Eph 6:19,20 Php 1:14 Col 4:3,4 2Ti 4:17 

preaching the kingdom of God and teaching concerning the Lord Jesus Christ with all openness, unhindered

 

 

 

Book